Mambo no 5

mambo no 5

Recent Examples on the Web In the dance at the gym, toward the end of the mambo section, there’s a musical passage that struck me as reckless and goofy. — Tony Kushner, Los Angeles Times, 27 Jan. 2022 Tony goes to the dance at the gym where Jets, Sharks and Bernardo’s fiery love Anita (DeBose) take out their aggression via mambo. — Brian Truitt, USA TODAY, 3 Dec. 2021 Robbins and illustrator Velasquez capture the mambo craze of the late 1940s and early 1950s, when New York's Palladium Ballroom disregarded color lines and welcomed people of different races dancing together.

— Jim Higgins, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 21 Oct. 2021 Upcoming weeks include free salsa lessons and mambo DJs (Oct. 8) and dance demonstrations and bachata and merengue lessons (Oct. 15). — Washington Post, 4 Oct. 2020 LaChiusa’s lush 15-song score, performed with pulsing percussion and brass by a backstage orchestra, is peppered with Latin bolero, tango and mambo rhythms, and his lyrics are shot through with a rich vein of humor and heart.

— San Diego Union-Tribune, 20 Sep. 2021 Prior to the revolution, Cuba had been a very popular vacation destination for more affluent Americans who brought cha-cha, mambo and rumba music back with them to North America. — Julian Voloj, sun-sentinel.com, 1 Sep. 2021 Like the city in which the style was created, salsa is a melting pot of genres such as mambo, son mambo no 5, Latin jazz and other elements.

— Julian Voloj, sun-sentinel.com, 1 Sep. 2021 Vivo needs to get from Havana to Miami to deliver a very special song to a famous mambo singer (voiced by Gloria Estefan). — BostonGlobe.com, 5 Aug.

2021 See More These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'mambo.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors.

Send us feedback. • Browse the Dictionary: • a • b • c • d • e • f • g • h • i • j • k • l • m • n • o • p • q • r • s • t • u • v • w • x • y • z • 0-9 • Home • Help • About Us • Shop • Advertising Info • Dictionary API • Contact Us • Join MWU • Videos • Word of the Year • Vocabulary Resources • Law Dictionary • Medical Dictionary • Privacy Policy • Terms of Use • Browse the Thesaurus • Browse the Medical Dictionary • Browse the Legal Dictionary © 2022 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated • Guaracha-mambo • bolero-mambo • son montuno Music of Cuba General topics Related articles Genres • Afro • Afro-Cuban jazz • Mambo no 5 • Bolero ( filin) • Canción • Chachachá • Charanga • Conga • Contradanza (habanera) • Criolla • Cubatón • Danzón • Descarga • Guajira mambo no 5 Guaracha • Hip hop • Mambo • Mozambique • Nueva trova • Pachanga • Pilón • Pregón • Punto guajiro • Rock • Rumba ( guaguancó, columbia, yambú, batá-rumba, guarapachangueo) • Son ( montuno) • Songo • Timba • Trova Specific forms Religious music • Abakuá • Arará • Iyesá • Makuta • Palo • Santería • Yuka Traditional music • Changüí • Coros de clave • Kiribá • Nengón • Tumba francesa Media and performance Music awards Beny Moré Award Nationalistic and patriotic songs National anthem La Bayamesa Regional music • Anguilla • Antigua and Barbuda • Aruba and the Dutch Antilles • Bahamas • Barbados • Bermuda • Bonaire • Cayman Islands • Curaçao • Dominica • Dominican Republic • Grenada • Guadeloupe • Guyana • Haiti • Jamaica • Louisiana • Martinique • Montserrat • Puerto Rico • St Kitts and Nevis • St Lucia • St Vincent and Grenadines • Suriname • Trinidad and Tobago • Turks and Caicos • Virgin Islands • Venezuela • v • t • e Mambo is a genre of Cuban mambo no 5 music pioneered by the charanga Arcaño y sus Maravillas in the late 1930s and later popularized in the big band style by Pérez Prado.

It originated as a syncopated form of the danzón, known as danzón-mambo, with a final, improvised section, which incorporated the guajeos typical of son cubano (also known as montunos).

These guajeos became the essence of the genre when it was played by big bands, which did not perform the traditional sections of the danzón and instead leaned towards swing and jazz. By the late 1940s and early 1950s, mambo had become a "dance craze" in the United States as its associated dance took over the East Coast thanks to Pérez Prado, Tito Puente, Tito Rodríguez and others. In the mid-1950s, a slower ballroom style, also derived from the danzón, cha-cha-cha, replaced mambo as the most popular dance genre in North America.

Nonetheless, mambo continued to enjoy some degree of popularity into the 1960s and new derivative styles appeared, such as dengue; by the 1970s it had been largely incorporated into salsa. Main article: Danzón-mambo The earliest roots of mambo can be traced to the danzón de nuevo ritmo (danzón with a new rhythm), later known as danzón-mambo, made popular by the orchestra Arcaño y sus Maravillas conducted by flautist Antonio Arcaño.

Orestes López and his brother Israel López "Cachao", main composers of the Maravillas, were the first to denominate a final upbeat, improvised section of the popular Cuban danzón as a mambo. This innovation a key step in the process of evolution of the danzón, which over the years had progressively lost its structural rigidity to the benefit of musicians and dancers alike.

Prior to the mambo no 5 de nuevo ritmo, in 1910, José Urfé had first added a montuno (typical son improvised closing section) as a final part of his composition El bombín de Barreto. This was a swinging section consisting of a repeated musical phrase, which introduced some elements of the son into the danzón. During the mid-to-late 1930s, some members of the Arcaño group mambo no 5 saying vamos a mambear ("let's mambo") when referring to the montuno or final improvisation of the danzón.

[1] It was Arcaño's cellist, Orestes López, who created the first danzón called " Mambo" (1938). [2] In this piece, some syncopated motives taken from the son style were combined with improvised flute passages.

[3] Antonio Arcaño described the mambo as follows: "Mambo is a type of syncopated montuno that possesses the rhythmic charm, informality and eloquence of the Cuban people. The pianist attacks the mambo, the flute picks it up and improvises, the violin executes mambo no 5 chords in double stops, the double bass inserts a tumbao, the timbalero plays the cowbell, the güiro scrapes and plays the maracas rhythm, the indispensable tumba ( conga drum) reaffirms the bass tumbao and strengthens the timbal." [4] 1940-1952: "Brass" Mambo in Mexico City [ edit ] Dámaso Pérez Prado, a pianist and arranger from Matanzas, Cuba, established his residence in Havana at the beginning of the 1940s and began to work at night clubs and orchestras, such as Paulina Alvarez's and Casino de La Playa.

In 1949 he traveled to Mexico looking for job opportunities and achieved great success with a new style, to which he assigned a name that had been already used by Antonio Arcaño, the mambo.

[5] Perez Prado's style differed from the previous mambo concept. The new style possessed a greater influence from North-American jazz, and an expanded instrumentation consisting of four to five trumpets, four to five saxophones, double bass, drums, maracas, cowbell, congas and bongoes. This new mambo included a catchy counterpoint between the trumpets and the saxophones that induced the body to move along with the rhythm, stimulated at the end of each musical phrase by a characteristic deep throat sound expression.

Because his music was aimed at an audience that lived primarily outside Cuba, Pérez Prado used a large number of international influences, especially North-American, in his arrangements. This is evident in his arrangements of songs such as "Mambo Rock", "Patricia" and "Tequila", where he uses a triple meter U.S.

"swing" rhythm fused with elements from Cuban rumba and son. Pérez Prado gained hits such as " Mambo No. 5" [6] and "Mambo No. 8" in 1950. The mambo boom peaked in the US in early 1950s, when Pérez Mambo no 5 hit the American charts at number one with a cha-cha-chá version of " Cherry Pink (and Apple Blossom White)".

Pérez Prado's repertoire included numerous international pieces such as "Cerezo Rosa", "María Bonita", "Tea For Two", "La Bikina", " Cuando Calienta El Sol", " Malagueña" and "En Un Pueblito Español", among many others. [7] Prado's recordings were meant for the Latin American and U.S. latino markets, but some of his most celebrated mambos, such as "Mambo No. 5" and "Que Rico El Mambo", quickly crossed over to a wider U.S. audience. [8] Cuban singer Beny Moré also lived in Mexico between 1945 and 1952.

[9] He composed and recorded some mambos there with Mexican orchestras, mambo no 5 the one led by Rafael de Paz; they recorded "Yiri Yiri Bon", "La Culebra", "Mata Siguaraya", " Solamente Una Vez" and "Bonito Y Sabroso".

[9] Benny and Perez Prado recorded 28 mambo songs including "La Múcura", "Rabo Y Oreja", and "Pachito E'ché". [10] At this time Benny also recorded with the orchestra of Jesús "Chucho" Rodríguez.

Mambo in New York City: 1947-1960 [ edit ] Mambo arrived in 1947 and mambo music and dance became popular soon after. [11] Recording companies began to use mambo to label their records and advertisements for mambo dance lessons were in local newspapers. New York City had made mambo a transnational popular cultural phenomenon.

In New York the mambo was played in a high-strung, sophisticated way that had the Palladium Ballroom, the famous Broadway dance-hall, jumping. The Ballroom soon proclaimed itself the mambo no 5 of mambo", for the city's best dancers—the Mambo Aces, Cha Cha Taps, "Killer Joe" Piro, Augie and Margo Rodriguez. Augie and Margo were still dancing 50 years later (2006) in Las Vegas. Some of New York's biggest mambo dancers and bands of the 1950s included: Augie & Mambo no 5, Michael Terrace & Elita, Carmen Cruz & Gene Ortiz, Larry Selon & Vera Rodríguez, Mambo Aces(Anibal Vasquez and Samson Batalla), Cha Cha Taps (Carlos Arroyo and Mike Ramos), Killer Joe Piro, Paulito and Lilon, Louie Maquina, Pedro Aguilar ("Cuban Pete"), Machito, Mambo no 5 Rodríguez, Jose Curbelo, Akohh, and Noro Morales.

[2] See also [ edit ] • ^ Sublette, Ned. Cuba and its Music: From the First Drums to the Mambo. Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2004: 508 • ^ a b Garcia, David F. (2006). "Going Primitive to the Movements and Sounds of Mambo".

The Musical Quarterly. 89 (4): 505–523.

mambo no 5

doi: 10.1093/musqtl/gdm006. • ^ Orovio, p. 130. • ^ Giro, Radamés: Todo lo que usted quiso saber sobre el Mambo.

Panorama de la música popular cubana. Editorial Letras Cubanas, La Habana, Cuba, 1998, P. 212. • ^ Díaz Ayala, Cristóbal: Música cubana, del Areyto a la Nueva Trova, Ediciones Universal, Miami Florida, 1993. p. 194. • ^ Mambo No. 5 - Perez Prado and his Orchestr.

Retrieved 09 March 2022}} • ^ Rodríguez Ruidíaz, Armando: Los sonidos de la música cubana. Evolución mambo no 5 los formatos instrumentales en Cuba. https://www.academia.edu/18302881/Los_sonidos_de_la_m%C3%BAsica_cubana._Evoluci%C3%B3n_de_los_formatos_instrumentales_en_Cuba.

P. 49 – 50. • ^ León, Javier F. "Mambo." Encyclopedia of Latino Popular Culture. Ed. Cordelia Chávez Candelaria, Arturo J. Aldama, Peter J. García, Alma Alvarez-Smith. 2 vols. Connecticut: Praeger, 2004: 510 • ^ a b "usurped title". Archived from the original on April 26, 2012. {{ cite web}}: Cite uses generic title ( help) CS1 maint: unfit URL ( link) • ^ Díaz Ayala, Cristóbal (Fall 2013).

"Benny Moré" (PDF). Encyclopedic Discography of Cuban Music 1925-1960. Florida International University Libraries. Retrieved 27 September 2016. • ^ "Aurora Ballroom". Further reading [ edit ] • Pérez Firmat, Gustavo. "Mad for Mambo," in The Havana Habit. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2010. External links [ edit ] • Perez Prado and Mambo Mania • Documentary 52': Mambo Edit links • This page was last edited on 12 March 2022, at 20:37 (UTC). • Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0 ; additional terms may apply.

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目次 • 1 オリジナル • 2 高中正義のバージョン • 2.1 収録曲 • 2.2 収録アルバム • 3 ルー・ベガのバージョン • 4 関連項目 • 5 脚注 • 6 外部リンク オリジナル [ 編集 ] この曲の歴史はマンボのバンドリーダーである ペレス・プラードが1949年に制作したことから始まる。プラードはこの曲より BMI( アメリカ合衆国の音楽著作権管理団体)に登録され、BMI Awardを受賞した [1]。プラードはこれを含め433作品の作品を発表している。 「マンボの王様」ことプラードが RCAレコードの子会社である メキシコのレコードレーベルと契約し、このインストゥメンタル・マンボを作曲した。この曲は北米にマンボ・ブームを巻き起こし、プラードは1951年4月のアメリカツアーを成功させた。また、1950年9月にデイヴ・バーバーがカバーしたバージョンはポップチャートで27位を記録した。 「マンボNo.5」は、日本では学校教育でも使用されており、例えば 教育芸術社の小学5年生の音楽の教科書に掲載されている [2]。 高中正義のバージョン [ 編集 ] 「 MAMBO NO.5 (DISCO DANGO)」 高中正義 の シングル 初出アルバム『TAKANAKA』 B面 OH!

Mambo no 5 SUERTE リリース 1977年 2月1日 規格 7インチレコード ジャンル ロック mambo no 5 レーベル Kitty Records 作詞・作曲 作詞: Chris Mosdell 作曲: Perez Prado プロデュース 安室克也 高中正義 シングル 年表 SWEET AGNES ( 1976年) MAMBO NO.5 (DISCO DANGO) ( 1977年) STAR WARS SAMBA (1978年) テンプレートを表示 1977年に 日本の ギタリスト 高中正義が、「マンボ No.5」を ディスコ風にアレンジしたバージョンを発表。そのバージョンでは新たに歌詞が追加されており、 YMOの「 中国女」や「 BEHIND THE MASK」などの楽曲を作詞した Chris Mosdellが担当した。 収録曲 [ 編集 ] 全編曲: 高中正義。 # タイトル 作詞 mambo no 5 唄 時間 1.

「MAMBO NO.5 (DISCO DANGO)」 Chris Mosdell Perez Prado 高中正義 4:00 2. 「OH! TENGO SUERTE」 高橋ユキヒロ 高中正義 Tan Tan 4:13 収録アルバム [ 編集 ] 楽曲 アルバム 発売日 備考 MAMBO NO.5 (DISCO DANGO) 『 TAKANAKA』 1977年 3月5日 2ndオリジナルアルバム OH! TENGO SUERTE 『 SEYCHELLES』 1976年 7月1日 1stオリジナルアルバム テンプレートを表示 1999年にドイツ人の歌手 ルー・ベガが、「マンボ No.5」を ダンス・ポップ風にアレンジしたバージョンを発表した。そのバージョンでは、ベガの元ガールフレンドたちがコーラスを歌っている [3]。彼の本国ドイツやイギリスなど ヨーロッパ大陸のほとんどの国のチャートで1位を記録し、フランスでは20週間1位を記録した [4]。オーストラリアでは年間1位を記録するヒットとなった [5]。アメリカでもヒットし、 Billboard Hot 100で3位を記録した [6]。 先代: 「Mi Chico Latino」 by ジェリ・ハリウェル 全英シングルチャート ナンバー1 シングル (ルー・ベガ バージョン) 1999年8月28日 - 1999年9月11日 次代: 「We're Going to Ibiza」 by ベンガボーイズ 関連項目 [ 編集 ] • スターどっきり ㊙報告 • 極上パロディウス 〜過去の栄光を求めて〜 - ステージ3のボス戦BGMでアレンジされたものが使用されている。 • はねるのトびら( フジテレビ系) - 『走れ!オーケストRun』のコーナーで、出演者が ランニングマシンを走りながら 吹奏楽で当楽曲を演奏した。 • スズキ・クロスビー - CMソングに起用された。 脚注 [ 編集 ] [ 脚注の使い方] • ^ “ BMI Repertoire Search”.

' Mambo No. 5'. 2010年10月1日閲覧。 • ^ “ 平成23年度小学校音楽教科書のご紹介”. 小学校の音楽5. 音楽教育社. 2012年7月3日閲覧。 • ^ “ ルー・ベガ - goo 音楽”. 2010年10月4日閲覧。 • ^ “ lescharts.com - LOU BEGA - MAMBO NO. 5 (A LITTLE BIT OF.) (CHANSON)”. 2010年10月4日閲覧。 • ^ “ ARIA Charts - End of Year Charts - Top 100 Singles 1999”. 2010年10月4日閲覧。 • ^ “ allmusic: Lou Bega - Charts & Awards”. 2012年6月29日閲覧。 外部リンク [ 編集 ] • マンボといえばペレス・プラード 1.

SWEET AGNES - 2. MAMBO NO.5 - 3. STAR WARS SAMBA - 4. パラレル・ターン - 5. Blue Lagoon - 6. MY SECRET BEACH - 7. YOU CAN NEVER COME TO THIS PLACE - 8. alone - 9. SAUDADE - 10. To you - 11. JUMPING TAKE OFF - 12. ようこそ、夏の王国へ。 - 13. 渚・モデラート - 14. エピダウロスの風 - 15. CHINA - 16. SHAKE IT - 17. WARM SUMMER WOMAN - 18. BAD Mambo no 5 - 19. SMOOTHER - 20. SHADY LADY - 21. BISCAYNE BLUE - 22. THE PARTY'S JUST BEGUN - 23. Can You Feel It - 24. BALLADE 2U - 25. NAPOLEON FUNK - 26.

BLUE SHARK - 27. ANOTHER SUMMER DAY - 28. KOREYA! - 29. TAKAJAZZ - 30. Into the Sky - 31. 家路 12inchシングル 1. SEYCHELLES - 2. TAKANAKA - 3. AN INSATIABLE HIGH - 4. BRASILIAN SKIES - 5. JOLLY JIVE - 6. T-WAVE - 7.

mambo no 5

虹伝説 THE RAINBOW GOBLINS - 8. alone - 9. SAUDADE - 10. CAN I SING? - 11. 夏・全・開 - 12. TRAUMATIC 極東探偵団 - 13. JUNGLE JANE - 14. RENDEZ-VOUS - 15. HOT PEPPER - 16. GAPS! - 17. NAIL THE POCKET - 18. Fade to blue - 19.

mambo no 5

AQUAPLANET - 20. WOODCHOPPER'S BALL - 21. Guitar Wonder - 22. 虹伝説II THE Mambo no 5 GOBLIN - 23. Bahama - 24. WALKIN' - 25. GUITAR DREAM - 26. Surf & Turf - 27. 夏道 - 28. 軽井沢白昼夢 - 29. 40年目の虹 企画 1. All Of Me - 2. TAKANAKA'S COCKTAIL - 3.

Go-on - 4. SINGING AND PLAYING - 5. SWEET NOIZ MAGIC -Master Mix Best- 6. TAKANAKA BEST“FOR LOVERS” - 7. TAKANAKA BEST“ON THE HIGHWAY” - 8. TAKANAKA BEST“ON THE BEACH” - 9. The Lover - 10. Strings & Voices best selection - mambo no 5. Masayoshi Takanaka best selection Takanaka Spirits - 12. BEST of ME TAKANAKA anthology 1976-1984 - 13.

TAKANAKA Singles - 14. a place in summer - 15. WINTER DAYS AND STARRY NIGHTS - 16. スペシャル1800 - 17. Complete Kitty Singles Collection - 18. SUPER TAKANAKA BEST - 19. Trade Wind〜Takanaka Summer Collection - 20. The Best 2001 - 21.

PaPa's Lagoon - 22. The Best 30th - 23. THE GUITAR GOBLIN -TAKANAKA THE BEST- - 24. GOLDEN☆BEST - 25. THE VERRY OF MASAYOSHI TAKANAKA - 26. TAKANAKA Singles 1985-1994 Complete BEST CD&DVD THE BEST - 27. Prime Selection - 28. SINGIN' and GUITAR Best Selection - 29. GOLDEN☆BEST EMI YEARS - 30. SUPER COLLECTION Kitty Years - 31.

SUPER COLLECTION EMI Years - エッセンシャル・ベスト 1200 高中正義 カバー 1. TAKANAKA WORLD - 2. SUPER LIVE - 3. GUITAR FANTASIA - 4. CAN I SING? - 5. JUNGLE JANE TOUR LIVE - 6. THE PARTY'S JUST BEGUN - 7.

mambo no 5

ONE NIGHT GIG - 8. COVERS -Live at The Complex- - 9. TOUR'97 虹伝説II ACT-I THE WHITE GOBLIN - 10. TOUR'97 虹伝説II ACT-II THE WHITE GOBLIN - 11.

虹伝説 RAINBOW GOBLINS STORY - 12. 晴天 TAKANAKA 2003 LIVE - 13. 一天 〜SUPER TAKANAKA LIVE! 2004〜 - 14. 快晴 CROSSOVER JAPAN '05 LIVE そして沖縄 - 15. 夕天 〜SUPER TAKANAKA LIVE! 2005〜 - 16. 南東風 〜SUPER TAKANAKA LIVE! 2007〜 - 17. 南西風 〜SUPER TAKANAKA LIVE! 2008〜 - 18. 夏道 〜SUPER TAKANAKA LIVE! 2009〜 - 19. 軽井沢白昼夢 〜SUPER TAKANAKA LIVE! 2010〜 - 20. 高中正義 40周年記念最終章「SUPER COLLECTION」 - 21. 60th Anniversary Live TAKANAKA WAS REBORN - 22. 高中正義 TAKANAKA SUPER LIVE 2018 “BRASILIAN SKIES 40th” 野音 de カーニバル!! ユニット Are you already dreaming about summer holidays?

We have made mambo no 5 easy for you with our new package offer. Sa Clau by Mambo has paired up with Cafe Mambo and together we have created a special weekend package all planned for you. This option includes a hotel stay, airport transfers, dinner at Café Mambo, a boat cruise and much more. We can also easily adapt it according to your wishes and needs. Price starts at 325€ per person (based on the minimum of 6 people) and what´s more by reserving right now we offer loads of booking advantages for you and your loved ones: • flexible payment options and plans • only 50€ per person deposit (refundable up to 1 week prior to your stay) • flexible cancellation policy or for changes in your dates (in case your flights get changed or cancelled) • 10% discount in selected Grupo Mambo venues welcome drink Once you receive the confirmation, please make sure that the details are correct and note that we have reserved your table for booking time stated, however, we will release the table after 15 minutes should you not arrive on time.

Cancellation Policy: • 48 hours prior to booking: no charge. • Less than 48 hours: either 20€ of cancellation fee per person or moving your reservation to another day (subject to availability).

• Groups bigger than 8 people and less than 48 hours: no refund. • Café Mambo reserves the right to cancel or change booking conditions in light of special occasions/circumstances. • Please note the admin fee is non-refundable.
• العربية • Български • Brezhoneg • Català • Čeština • Dansk • Deutsch • Mambo no 5 • English • Esperanto • Español • Eesti • Suomi • Furlan • Galego • עברית • Hrvatski • Magyar • Հայերեն • Italiano • 日本語 • 한국어 • Nederlands • Norsk bokmål • Polski • Português • Русский • Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски • Српски / srpski • Svenska • ไทย • Українська • اردو • 中文 • 粵語 Danseurs de mambo à l' Institut de technologie et d'études supérieures de Monterrey.

Le mambo est un genre musical cubain et un style de danse populaire inventé dans les années 1930 par le musicien et compositeur cubain Arsenio Rodríguez, développé à La Havane par Cachao et popularisé par Dámaso Pérez Prado et Benny Moré. La danse se crée sur les rythmes de la rumba et du swing des musiciens de jazz et n'a pas de cadence déterminée. La batterie s'ajoute aux instruments de la rumba [1 ]. Lorsque le Mambo fait son apparition à la fin des années 1940, le monde se remet à peine du second conflit mondial, et le style musical se popularise, depuis Cuba, jusqu'à New York, Los Angeles, en passant par Mexico et bientôt la Mambomania s'empare des pistes de danse du monde entier [2 ].

Le cha-cha-chá a remplacé le mambo dans les années 1950 [3 ]. Sommaire • 1 Historique • 2 Origines du mambo • 3 Danse • 4 Films thématiques • 5 Notes et références • 6 Bibliographie • 7 Voir aussi • 7.1 Annexes • 7.1.1 Liens externes • 7.1.2 Film Historique [ modifier - modifier le code ] Le mot mambo est d'origine bantoue, il signifie « voix en chœur ».

Au Congo, il désigne des berceuses ou des chants sacrés [4 ]. En 1937, Orestes López Valdés, joueur de violoncelle cubain du conjunto de danzón « Mambo no 5 Arcaño y sus Maravillas » avec à la contrebasse son petit frère Israel « Cachao », compose un morceau nommé Mambo à partir du Nuevo ritmo du danzón [5 ].

Influencés par le jazz de Stan Kenton et Dizzy Gillespie, les frères López vont transformer leur « conjunto » en orchestre incorporant 4 saxophones, 4 trompettes, piano, basse, maracas, congas, timbales. Dámaso Pérez Prado, pianiste de l'Orquesta Casíno de la Playa est alors emballé par ce rythme mais, ne rencontrant pas le succès à Cuba, il part au Mexique où il rencontre Benny Moré, surnommé « el rey del mambo » (le roi du mambo), ainsi que Carlos Colorado, le fondateur du groupe Sonora Santanera.

C'est avec Francisco « Machito » Grillo et Pérez Prado que la danse Mambo (dérivée de la rumba) naît dans les night-clubs « Los Angeles Dance » de Mexico et « La Tropicana » de la Havane en 1943, avant de conquérir New York en 1949, au « Park Plaza Hotel Ballroom » de Harlem d'abord, puis dans les clubs Palladium, China Doll, Havana Madrid et Mambo no 5.

Le Palladium était une immense salle de bal pouvant accueillir mille couples [6 ] située à l'angle de Broadway et de la 53 e rue. Le mambo a été programmé d'abord le dimanche matin, puis les mercredis soir et enfin tous les jours, avec les orchestres de Tito Puente, Tito Rodriguez et Jose Curbelo.

Le mambo et la samba furent mambo no 5 pour la première fois en Europe par José Gandimbas [7 ] et son orchestre « Jo and the Latin boys » [8 ] aux « ambassadeurs » de Paris en 1945 avec « Che mambo che » [9 ]. En 1947, Jose Gandimbas [10 ] introduira aussi en Europe le Boléro Mambo à Deauville, France. En 1954, le Mambo connaît une grande popularité aux États-Unis grâce aux succès de Perry Como ( Papa Loves Mambo) et Rosemary Clooney ( Mambo Italiano). En France, ces morceaux seront repris par Dario Moreno.

La mode du mambo ( mambomania ou mambo craze en anglais) va durer jusqu'à l'arrivée du cha-cha-cha en 1954. À la suite du succès de Lou Bega en 1999 qui avait repris Mambo No. 5 de Perez Prado façon dance [11 ], d'autres groupes ont mélangé le mambo avec la dance : Shaft Mucho Mambo (Sway), reprise de Quien sera (Sway) et Mambo Italiano… Origines du mambo [ modifier - modifier le code ] Le mambo est originaire de l' île de Cuba.

Son plus proche parent est le danzón, lui-même dérivé de la charanga ou de la tumba francesa qui fut introduite à Cuba par des Haïtiens fuyant la révolution (on s’accorde à dire que ce genre musical est devenu danzón dans les années 1920).

En 1938, Oreste López Valdes composa un danzón intitulé Mambo qui se terminait par une improvisation sur un rythme rapide (section musicale jusque-là inconnue dans le danzón) [12 ].

Arcaño (leader du groupe dont Orestes Lopez faisait partie) modifia aussi quelque peu la composition instrumentale habituelle des groupes jouant du danzón (pour mambo no 5, il remplaça la basse usuelle par une basse de son), créant ainsi ce qui devait rapidement être connu sous le nom danzón-mambo. Mambo se référait alors à la section rapide placée à la fin du morceau, tandis que danzón se référait aux deux sections traditionnelles de la musique du même nom.

Le mambo devait naître en tant que genre musical à part entière, lorsque furent enregistrés des morceaux ne jouant que la section finale. Enfin précisons que cette musique, telle qu’on la connaît aujourd’hui, est le fruit de nombreux raffinements qui ont eu lieu notamment en Amérique du Nord, à qui l’on doit l’introduction d’instruments provenant du jazz. Danse [ modifier - modifier le code ] Danse d'origine cubaine dont la salsa est l'héritière, le mambo est particulièrement apprécié sur le continent américain.

Le mambo se danse sur un rythme musical 4/4. Un pas de base se fait sur 8 temps, correspondant à 12 mouvements. 1 et 2, 3 et 4, 5 et 6, 7 et 8. Il y a un petit arrêt dans les mouvements sur les comptes pairs.

Les danseurs se font face car leurs pas de bases sont réalisés en miroir l'un par rapport à l'autre. Les partenaires sont en position fermée (type latine). Certains danseurs de mambo enserrent la taille de leur partenaire dans leur bras droit et posent donc leur main droite sur la hanche gauche de la danseuse : les deux partenaires sont alors collés l'un à l'autre. Films thématiques [ modifier - modifier le code ] • Cette danse est le thème du film Mambo Kings avec Antonio Banderas.

• Mad about mambo de John Forte (2000). (article en anglais) • La scène du bal de West Side Story comporte une séquence de mambo devenue célèbre par les prestations de Rita Moreno et George Chakiris sur la musique de Leonard Bernstein. • Le mambo est aussi le thème de Dirty Dancing avec Patrick Swayze et Jennifer Grey. Notes et références [ modifier - modifier le code ] • ↑ Encyclopædia Universalis, « MAMBO, danse », sur Encyclopædia Universalis (consulté le 25 novembre 2021) • ↑ « Les origines », sur France Musique (consulté le 29 août 2021) • ↑ (en) « mambo - dance - Britannica », sur www.britannica.com (consulté le 26 novembre 2021) • ↑ « Mambo », sur musicmot.com, 2019 (consulté le 13 septembre 2019).

• ↑ (es) « Orestes López Valdés », sur Cubanos Famosos (consulté le 25 novembre 2021) • ↑ Le Palladium • ↑ José Gandimbas • ↑ orchestre « Jo and the Latin boys » • ↑ « Che mambo che » • ↑ Deauville • ↑ Last Night in Orient- LNO, « Lou Bega - Mambo No. 5 (A Little Bit of.) », sur Last Night in Orient (consulté le 25 novembre 2021) • ↑ « Orestes López Valdés - EcuRed », sur www.ecured.cu (consulté le 25 novembre 2021) Bibliographie [ modifier - modifier le code ] • C.

Rolland, Le Mambo et la salsa portoricaine, Rolland Éditions, 2008 Voir aussi [ modifier - modifier le code ] Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : • Mambo, sur Wikimedia Commons • mambo, sur le Wiktionnaire Annexes [ modifier - modifier le code ] Liens externes [ modifier - modifier le code ] • Le mambo sur MontunoCubano.com • (en) La danse Mambo no 5 sur Dance History Archives (StreetSwing.com) • (en) Article Mambo Mania (UNESCO Courier, January, 1995, Vol. 48, Issue 1, p.

40) Film [ modifier - modifier le code ] • Documentaire 52 min : Mambo Musique cubaine Par ordre alphabétique Boléro · Cha-cha-cha · Changüí · Conga · Contradanza · Cubaton · Danzón · Filin · Guajira · Guaracha · Habanera · Jazz afro-cubain · Mambo · Mozambique mambo no 5 Nueva trova · Pachanga · Punto guajiro · Rumba · Son · Songo · Timba · Trova · Mambo no 5 francesa Par ordre chronologique Conga · Punto guajiro · Guaracha · Tumba francesa · Contradanza · Rumba · Habanera · Trova · Changui · Danzón · Boléro · Son ( montuno) · Guajira · Mambo · Jazz afro-cubain · Filin · Cha-cha-cha · Pachanga · Mozambique · Nueva trova · Songo · Timba · Cubaton • Portail des musiques du monde • Portail de la danse • Portail de Cuba Catégories cachées : • Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata • Portail:Musiques du monde/Articles liés • Portail:Musique/Articles liés • Portail:Danse/Articles liés • Portail:Arts/Articles liés • Portail:Cuba/Articles liés • Portail:Caraïbe/Articles liés • Portail:Amérique centrale/Articles liés • Portail:Amérique/Articles liés • La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 3 avril 2022 à 18:27.

• Droit d'auteur : les textes sont disponibles sous licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions ; d’autres conditions peuvent s’appliquer. Voyez les mambo no 5 d’utilisation pour plus de détails, ainsi que les crédits graphiques. En cas de réutilisation des textes de cette page, mambo no 5 comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Wikipedia® est une marque déposée de la Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., organisation de bienfaisance régie par le paragraphe 501(c)(3) du code fiscal des États-Unis.

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Der Titel dieses Artikels mambo no 5 mehrdeutig. Weitere Bedeutungen sind unter Mambo (Begriffsklärung) aufgeführt. Mambo Technik: Latein Art: Paartanz, Gesellschaftstanz Musik: Mambo, Salsa Taktart: 4/ 4-Takt Tempo: 44–62 TPM Herkunft: Kuba, New York Entstehungszeit: ~ 1930 Liste von Tänzen Mambo bezeichnet eine Musikart, die sich nach 1930 in Kuba entwickelt hat, und den dazugehörigen Tanz, der parallel zur Musik entstand.

Mambo no 5 Begriff Mambo verwendete erstmals 1938 Orestes López ( Israel „Cachao“ López' Bruder) als Titel eines Stückes. Ursprünglich bezeichnete das vermutlich kreolische Wort ein „religiöses Gespräch“ (insbesondere ein Gebet) oder eine heilige Handlung. Es stammt aus dem afrikanisch geprägten Kuba.

Inhaltsverzeichnis • 1 Geschichte • 2 Organisation • 3 Musiktitel • 4 Mambo in Film und TV • 5 Weblinks Geschichte [ Bearbeiten - Quelltext bearbeiten ] Der Mambo ist das Ergebnis der Mischung von Son und Danzón. Obwohl das oben genannte Stück den Titel Mambo trug, mambo no 5 es nur ein Danzón, der um einen Refrain ergänzt worden war.

Den ersten echten Mambo schuf Dámaso Pérez Prado. Er benutzte den Montuno und entfernte daraus Elemente des Ritmo-Nuevo. Dadurch konnte sich der neu definierte Mambo freier entfalten und individueller interpretiert werden.

Doch dieser Stil blieb nicht lange bestehen. Durch die Übersiedlung vieler Süd- und Mittelamerikaner in die USA, speziell nach New York City, während des Zweiten Weltkrieges kam es sehr schnell zu einer leichten Vermischung aus kubanischen Rhythmen und dem Jazz. Folglich beeinflusste der Jazz nun auch den Mambo und verlieh ihm seine besondere, bis heute erhaltene Note.

Als wichtigste Gemeinsamkeit dürfen die Synkopierung der Musik sowie die Betonung der Schläge zwei und vier eines Taktes angesehen werden.

Mitte der 1950er Jahre erreichte der neue New Yorker Mambo auch Europa, wo er sich sehr schnell einer großen, jedoch kurzlebigen Beliebtheit erfreute. Den Durchbruch hat er dem Titel „Qué rico el Mambo“ von Pérez Prado zu verdanken, welcher die Charts im Sturm eroberte. Dieser Erfolg war jedoch nicht von Dauer. Da Musik und Tanz rhythmisch sehr kompliziert sind, verdrängten die einfacheren Musikstile und Tänze Cha-Cha-Cha und Rumba den Mambo schnell, und er geriet bald wieder in Vergessenheit.

Organisation [ Bearbeiten - Quelltext bearbeiten ] Der Mambo gehört nicht zum Welttanzprogramm, weshalb er nicht zum normalen Kursangebot einer Tanzschule gehört. Tatsächlich wird der echte Mambo kaum noch gelehrt, stattdessen wird die Bekanntheit des Namens oftmals ausgenutzt, um allgemeinere Salsa-Tanzkurse zu vermarkten. Wer ihn trotzdem in einem Tanzkurs lernen will, sollte sich deshalb vorher informieren, ob es sich tatsächlich um den echten Mambo oder nicht vielmehr um andere, aus dem Mambo hervorgegangene Salsastile handelt, wie z.

B. Salsa im Palladium-Style. Musiktitel [ Bearbeiten - Quelltext bearbeiten ] Es gibt unzählige Künstler und noch mehr Titel, die den Mamborhythmus zum Besten geben. Sehr bekannt dürfte Pérez Prados Mambo No. 5 sein, welcher 1999 von Lou Bega gecovert wurde und die Hymne der NFL Europe war. Hier eine Auswahl weiterer bekannter Stücke: • Art Pepper – Mambo no 5 de la pinta • Celeste Mendoza – Te di un beso sin importancia • Cortijo – El mantequero • George Shearing – Mambo caribe • Joe Cuba Sextet – Siempre sea • La Sonora Matancera – Eugemio • Machito & His Afro Cuban Orquesta – Holiday Mambo • Oriental Orquesta – Mi son changui • Pérez Prado – Martinica, Que rico el mambo, Mambo No.

5, Mambo No. 8 • René Grand – Carmen • Tito Puente – Mambo inn • Tito Rodriguez – Roy roy Mambo • Dean Martin – Mambo italiano • Helena Paparizou – Mambo • Alesha Dixon – The Boy does nothing • Michael Lloyd & Le Disc- Johnny's Mambo • DePhazz – The Mambo Craze (ein Cover von Xavier Cugats Adios, das wiederum ein Cover der Originalversion von Johnny Keating ist) • Mr.

Mo – Mah Na Mah Na • Herbert Grönemeyer – Mambo • "Angel Maria Torres y sus ultimos Mamboleros" spielen als einzige reine Mambo-Coverband seit der Jahrtausendwende regelmäßig an Festivals und Clubs exklusiv in Europa. Die Mexikaner treten stilecht auf, als kämen sie direkt aus den 50ern angereist.

Mambo in Film und TV [ Bearbeiten - Quelltext bearbeiten ] • Gesellschaftsfähig und bekannt wurde der Mambo durch Auftritte Pérez Prados in mexikanischen „Rumbera“-Filmen mit Stars wie María Antonietta Pons oder Ninon Sevilla. • Captain Picard aus der Serie Raumschiff Enterprise: Das nächste Jahrhundert ist begeisterter Mambo-Tänzer. • 1992 erschien der Film The Mambo Kings. mambo no 5 Der Film aus dem Jahre 1998 „Mean Guns“ mit Darsteller Ice T ist auch mit Mambo hinterlegt.

• Im Film „ Dirty Dancing“ wird als Gewinnertanz in einem Tanzwettbewerb „Johnny’s Mambo“ gespielt und dazu eindrucksvoll von Patrick Swayze und seiner Tanzpartnerin getanzt. Weblinks [ Bearbeiten - Mambo no 5 bearbeiten ] • Mambo Repräsentative Musiker, CDs, Mambo Musik-Clips zum Anhören.

(englisch) • [1] Lilia Prado im Film Pobre Corazón (1950) • Mambo Documentary directed by Yves Billon. zaradoc.com, abgerufen am 31. Mai 2017 (europäisches Spanisch). • العربية • Български • Brezhoneg • Català • Čeština • Dansk • Ελληνικά • English • Esperanto • Español • Eesti • Suomi • Français • Furlan • Galego • עברית • Hrvatski • Magyar • Հայերեն • Italiano • 日本語 • 한국어 • Nederlands • Norsk bokmål • Polski • Português • Русский • Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски mambo no 5 Српски / srpski • Svenska • ไทย • Українська • اردو • 中文 • 粵語 Der Text ist unter der Lizenz „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“ verfügbar; Informationen zu den Urhebern und zum Lizenzstatus eingebundener Mambo no 5 (etwa Bilder oder Videos) können im Regelfall durch Anklicken dieser abgerufen werden.

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Wikipedia® ist eine eingetragene Marke der Wikimedia Foundation Inc. • Datenschutz • Über Wikipedia • Impressum • Mobile Ansicht • Entwickler • Statistiken • Stellungnahme zu Cookies • •• github .com /joomla /joomla-cms Written in PHP Operating mambo no 5 Unix-like, Windows, Linux Size 26.3 MB (compressed) 68.3 MB (uncompressed) Type Content management framework, Content management system License GPL-2.0-or-later Website www .joomla .org Joomla ( / ˈ dʒ uː m.

l ɑː/), also spelled Joomla! (with an exclamation mambo no 5 and sometimes abbreviated as J!, is a free and open-source content management system (CMS) for publishing web content on websites. Web content applications include discussion forums, photo galleries, e-Commerce and user communities and numerous other web-based applications. Joomla is developed by a community of volunteers supported with the legal, organisational and financial resources of Open Source Matters, Inc.

Joomla is written in PHP, uses object-oriented programming techniques and software design patterns, and stores data in a MySQL database. [2] It has a software dependency on the Symfony PHP framework.

Joomla includes features such as page caching, RSS feeds, blogs, search, and support for language internationalisation. It is built on a model–view–controller web application framework that can be used independently of the CMS.

Around 6,000 extensions are available from the Joomla website, [3] and more are available from other sources. As of 2021, it was estimated to be the fifth most used CMS on the Internet, after WordPress, Shopify, Wix and Squarespace.

mambo no 5

{INSERTKEYS} [4] [5] Contents • 1 Overview • 2 History • 2.1 2005–2007 • 2.2 2008–2011 • 2.2.1 Molajo • 2.3 2012–2014 • 2.4 2015–2018 • 2.5 2019–2020 • 3 Version history • 3.1 Versions in use • 4 Templates • 5 Development and support • 5.1 Developers • 5.2 Conferences • 5.3 Financial support • 6 Awards • 7 CMS Market Share • 8 Google Searches Trend • 9 See also • 10 Notes • 11 References • 12 External links Overview [ edit ] Joomla has a web template system using a template processor.

Its architecture is a front controller, routing all requests for non-static URIs via PHP which parses the URI and identifies the target page.

This allows support for more human-readable permalinks. The controller manages both the frontend, public-facing view, and a backend ( GUI-driven) administration interface. The administration interface (a) stores management and content information within a database, and (b) maintains a configuration file ( configuration.php, usually located in the file system root of the Joomla installation). The configuration file provides the connection between the server, database and file system and facilitates migrating the website from one server to another.

[6] The backend interface allows website operators to manage users, menus, extensions and web content. [note 1] Joomla is designed to be used by people who have basic website creation skills and requires an Apache–MySQL–PHP server like LAMP or WAMP. [note 2] Commercially based web hosting services may include control panels for automatically installing Joomla for their customers. Joomla may be used to create localhosted-web applications that run on a range of AMP servers. [2] Risk management, backup and recovery are the website operator's responsibility.

{/INSERTKEYS}

mambo no 5

Joomla does not have website backup or recovery facilities built into the core CMS; third party-written products (as installable extensions or in standalone products) exist. Other software facilities (whether as natively installable extensions utilising the Joomla framework or via "software bridges") extend a website's range of applications to include discussion forums, photo galleries, e-Commerce, user communities, and numerous other web-based applications.

History [ edit ] 2005–2007 [ edit ] Joomla was the outcome of a fork of Mambo on 17 August 2005. [7] At that time, the Mambo name was a trademark of Miro International Pvt. Ltd, who formed a non-profit foundation with the stated purpose of funding the project and protecting it from lawsuits. The Joomla development team claimed that many of the provisions of the foundation structure violated previous agreements made by the elected Mambo Steering Committee, lacked the necessary consultation with key stakeholders and included provisions that violated core open source values.

[8] Joomla's original co-founders, Andrew Eddie, Brian Teeman, Johan Janssens, Jean-Marie Simonet et al., [9] established Open Source Matters, Inc. (OSM) to distribute information to the software community. Project leader Eddie wrote a letter that appeared on the announcements section of the public forum at mamboserver.com. [10] Over one thousand people joined OpenSourceMatters.org within a day, mambo no 5 posting words of encouragement and support.

Miro CEO Peter Lamont responded publicly to the development team in an article titled "The Mambo Open Source Controversy—20 Questions With Miro". [11] This event created controversy within the free software community about the definition of open source. Forums of other open-source projects were active with postings about the actions of both sides.

In the two weeks following Eddie's announcement, teams were reorganised and the community continued to grow. Eben Moglen and the Software Freedom Law Center (SFLC) assisted the Joomla core team beginning in August 2005, as indicated by Moglen's blog entry from that date and a related OSM announcement. [12] [13] The SFLC continues to provide legal guidance to the Joomla Project as one of OSM's partners.

[14] On 18 August Eddie called for community input to suggest a name for the project. The core team reserved the right for the final naming decision and chose a name not suggested by the community. On 22 September the new name, Joomla!, was announced. It is the anglicised spelling of the Swahili word jumla, meaning "all together" or "as a whole" that also has a similar meaning in at least Amharic, Arabic, Turkic languages and Urdu.

On 26 September, the development team called for logo submissions from the community and invited the community to vote on the logo; the team announced the community's decision on 29 September. Beginning in October 2005 guidelines covering branding, licensing and use of the registered trademark were published. [15] 2008–2011 [ edit ] On 28 January 2008 the first major revision to Joomla was announced: Joomla 1.5.

Joomla 1.5 was popular but criticised for its inflexible and limited approach to access control. [16] Independently of the project, Andrew Eddie and Louis Landry created a company called JXtended [17] to continue the development of Control—an ACL component—that could integrate with Joomla 1.5.

In July 2009 Eddie presented his ideas [18] to the Joomla User Group Brisbane. In July 2009 of that year, the Joomla project announced a restructuring of its management: a new Joomla Leadership Team replacing the Core Team that had originally led the project. This redefined the role of the team leading the project and structured it more around community involvement in events, the Google Summer of Code projects and other activities; the intention of the new approach to team-building was also an effort to increase community participation in the development process instead of relying upon a small group of coders to do most of the work.

According to Google Trends, interest in Joomla peaked around the period 2009–2010. [19] In January 2011—largely as the result of the collaboration between Eddie and Landry—a second major revision of Joomla was released: Joomla 1.6. [20] Prior to the stable release of Joomla 1.6, Eddie relinquished his roles on OSM's board and project leadership; [21] Louis Landry announced his retirement from the project the following year. [22] Following Eddie's departure, in September 2011, OSM sought feedback from the community, including the possibility of constituting the governing body under a new name, to restructure the board's membership and project leadership.

[23] Molajo [ edit ] In 2010, with preparations for Joomla 1.6 nearly completed, Amy Stephen, Klas Berlic, Marco Barbosa, Matt Thomas et al. started a project to refactor the Joomla code. Code-named Molajo (an anagram of Joomla), the group felt that the existing Joomla CMS hindered end-users and developers adopting Joomla because (a) the Joomla CMS did not offer a range of packages containing a themed sets of web applications—like other CMS products had been doing for some time—and (b) the traditional MVC approach decreased developers' productivity in creating new components for Joomla.

Community reaction to Molajo was mixed. Some commentators claimed that it was a fork of the Joomla CMS—a claim strongly rejected by Stephen—while others contended that its activities would undermine the future of the Joomla CMS.

[24] [25] Against these headwinds, Molajo made its public debut at the J and Beyond conference in The Netherlands in 2011. [26] Lacking support from OSM, an enthusiastic following from the Joomla community and unable to progress beyond pre-Alpha status, Molajo collapsed around the middle of 2015. [27] 2012–2014 [ edit ] In January 2012 another major revision was announced: Joomla 2.5 (essentially bringing together the two previous minor releases in the preceding year).

Joomla 2.5 brought much sought-after enhancements and a new API making it easier for novice users, additional multilanguage capability and the ability for users to update with "one-click".

Shortly after the release of Joomla 2.5, work was under way on the Joomla mambo no 5. x. Joomla 3. x was focused on mobile-friendly websites on the front-end, as well as a more intuitive back-end.

With greater ease in site navigation and a more user-friendly means of editing Joomla site content, Joomla 3. x became the most popular version of the CMS eventually making all previous versions obsolete. [28] In March 2014, after seeking community feedback and a submission from the Production Leadership Team, a newly constituted OSM board approved changing the licensing for the framework from GPLv2 to LGPL.

[29] [30] Although the proposal only affected the licensing of the framework and not the CMS, the decision sparked a fierce debate within the community. [31] [29] In the end, the framework did not adopt LGPL and is still licensed under GPLv2. [32] In August 2014, the Joomla CMS development team released a plan for new version releases.

[33] Towards the end of 2014—three years after calling for feedback about ways to reorganise the project [23] and with Joomla 3. x into its fourth minor revision—the community discussed the leadership structure changes.

[34] Eddie, although no longer an active contributor to the project, argued that the code for Joomla 3. x was "too fat and heavy to maintain with the current level of contribution"; he recommended mothballing the current CMS series and develop a less cumbersome Joomla 4. Eddie went further to criticise OSM's vision, entrepreneurship and management of the project. Other commentators also expressed their opinion that OSM had become dysfunctional. [35] mambo no 5 [ edit mambo no 5 Criticism mounted about the plan [33] for future development of the Joomla CMS.

An opinion written in May 2015 by Nicholas Dionysopoulos (founder of Akeeba Ltd.) shared some of Eddie's earlier observations about OSM lacking vision, entrepreneurship and its ability to manage the project. [36] Dionysopoulos disagreed with Eddie about the major cause of problems with Joomla 3. x; it was Dionysopoulos' view that the cause of most problems with Joomla 3. x lay within "the processes of Joomla!

the organisation". Dionysopoulos' views gathered momentum within the community and led to the formation of the Joomla 4 working group (which later became the Joomla X working group). [37] [38] [39] In March 2017 the project announced the retirement of Joomla 3 and unveiled its plans to develop Joomla 4. [40] This effectively brought an end to the work of the Joomla X working group (although it would be another two years before that Joomla X working group's activity was placed in "archived" status).

[41] In an effort to improve the relationship with the community the development team revised the 2014 plan and, in June 2018, produced a new roadmap with the expectation that Joomla 4.0 would be released in a stable form before the end of 2018. [42] During the period 2017-2018 the developers created six alpha test releases for Joomla 4. [43] 2019–2020 [ edit ] In January 2019 the developers released an updated mambo no 5 revising previously announced estimated time frames; [44] the roadmap was revised several times during 2020.

[45] Community concerns intensified about the handling the Joomla project—two years after announcing plans to retire Joomla 3 (but having already released two minor versions with plans for a third)—and by the end of 2019 a further six alpha test releases of Joomla 4 were produced for public discussion.

[46] On one hand some people questioned whether the community had lost its influence in driving the project while, from the developers' viewpoint, the other side defended the project by observing that things would be more productive if the community had been more actively engaged in testing, rather than criticising, the alpha releases.

These discussions revealed a growing sense of division between developers on one side and end users on the other. A lengthy debate, started in March 2019 and initially focused on the aesthetics and usability of the Joomla 4 backend interface, highlighted an overall sense of disappointment with management and progress of the project. [47] Although the debate was weighted heavily on criticising the backend aesthetics, people on all sides of the discussion aired their dissenting opinions about why the Joomla 4 project had become distracted by feature creep, software bloat, eventual cost overrun and lack of trust.

Against a background of unrelenting criticism from within the community and declining popular interest in Joomla at the time [19] a conference was held in January 2020 to develop a strategy for the future.

[48] The conference identified several key areas for further work but basically accepted the premise that faults related mainly to the project's organisational framework rather than the quality of the product.

[49] On 28 May 2020 the Joomla team disclosed that a data breach mambo no 5 occurred that potentially affected 2,700 users by exposing their personal details. [50] The incident was discovered by an internal audit of the website that also highlighted the presence of superuser accounts owned by individuals outside OSM.

Although no evidence was found of any unauthorised access to personal information, action was immediately taken to mitigate the risk including a requirement for all users to change their passwords.

[51] Joomla: code, community, culture The COVID-19 pandemic impacted Joomla planned events resulting in the cancellation of the main world-wide conferences; J and Beyond was arranged as a 24-hour live stream event in May.

In his welcoming address to J and Beyond OSM President Brian Mitchell acknowledged the impact of the global crisis on Joomla. Mitchell outlined his vision to meet the challenges confronting the Joomla project. The project needed to concentrate efforts, Mitchell said, mambo no 5 ensure that the three essential parts of the project—the code, community and culture—worked together as a whole.

[52] Version history [ edit ] Future release Joomla versions [53] Series Released as Release date Supported until Main feature(s) Notes 1.0 & 1.5 1.0 22 September 2005 22 July 2009 Rebranded release of Mambo 4.5.2.3 that combined other bug and moderate-level security fixes.

Written for PHP 4. July 2009 was the official end-of-life of Joomla 1.0. [54] 1.5 [55] 22 January 2008 30 September 2012 Overhauled GUI interface, templates, limited "legacy mode" support. [56] Written for PHP 5. First long-term support (LTS) version although not backwardly-compatible with its predecessor. Such LTS versions were to have been released every three major or minor releases and supported until three months after the next LTS version is released; this approach was not followed in practice.

[57] September 2012 was the official end-of-life of Joomla 1.5. mambo no 5 [59] 1.6, 1.7 & 2.5 1.6 [60] [61] 10 January 2011 August 2011 Added full access control list functionality plus, user-defined category hierarchy, and admin interface improvements. 1.7 [62] [63] 19 July 2011 February 2012 Enhanced security and improved migration tools. 2.5 [64] 24 January 2012 31 December 2014 New "Smart Search" component, added support for using Microsoft SQL Server as a database backend, added user notes, additional enhancements and security improvements.

Mambo no 5 LTS release. Originally this release was to be named 1.8.0, however the developers announced August 9 that they would rename it to fit into a new version number scheme in which every LTS release is an x.5 release. [65] [66] December 2014 was the official end-of-life of Joomla 2.5. [67] 3.

x 3.0 [68] 27 September 2012 April 2013 New default templates based on Bootstrap, added support for using PostgreSQL as a database backend, drops support for PHP 5.2. Originally, this version was supposed to be have been released in July 2012; however, the January/July release schedule was uncomfortable for volunteers, and the schedule was changed to September/March releases. [69] On 24 December 2012 it was decided to include an unforeseen addition to the 3. x series to improve the development life cycle and extend the support of LTS versions.

[70] 3.1 [71] 24 April 2013 October 2013 Article tagging. [72] 3.2 [73] 6 November 2013 October 2014 Content versioning for articles. Because of a PHP requirement change in Joomla 3.3, extended security support was provided for 3.2 for six months after 3.3's release. [74] 3.3 [75] 30 April 2014 February 2015 Improved password hashing, microdata support, removing dependencies to MooTools.

On 25 April 2014, the Joomla Production Leadership Team announced that it started following 'Semantic Versioning Scheme' for new Joomla builds. The earlier LTS (Long Term Support) and STS (Short Term Support) lifecycle policy was cancelled. [76] [77] Joomla version 3.3.1 was the first version released under the new development strategy. [78] 3.4 [79] 24 February 2015 March 2016 Improved security advancements, Composer integration and Google's No CAPTCHA reCAPTCHA.

Extensive security revisions were rolled out in October 2015 with the release of v3.4.5. 3.5 [80] 21 March 2016 July 2016 Changes to admin interface (including some ability for drag and drop images). Added PHP 7 support. Added an opt-in feature to upload anonymous server statistics about environments where Joomla is being used. 3.6 [81] 12 July 2016 April 2017 Improvements to UX, software updates.

3.7 [82] 25 April 2017 September 2017 Custom Fields, Improved Workflow, Multilingual Associations Manager, Backend Menu Manager, improved update system, cache systems and package/extension management and further UX improvements.

3.8 [83] 19 September 2017 October 2018 Improved Routing System, Joomla 4 Compatibility Layer, optional installable sample data, code improvements and encryption support (using Sodium extension on PHP 7.2, or via sodium_compat polyfill for lower supported versions). 3.9 [84] [85] 20 October 2018 August 2021 ‘Privacy Tool Suite’, primarily in response to the enactment of new privacy and data retention laws and regulations, in particular, the GDPR.

3.10 [86] 17 August 2021 17 August 2023 Bridge between J! 3. x and J! 4. x. 4. x 4.0 [86] [87] 17 August 2021 N/A [88] Support for PHP 5 and Microsoft SQL Server has been removed. Added PHP 8 support. 4.1 15 February 2022 [89] Child templates; accessibility checker.

4.2 16 August 2022 [90] Versions in use [ edit ] The chart below shows the prevalence of the different versions of Joomla among all websites using Joomla in April 2022. [91] Templates [ edit ] There are two types of templates used in the Joomla CMS: frontend templates and backend templates. The frontend template presents the website to the user viewing the its content. The backend template presents a panel of controls for website administration. Templates are installed as extensions to Joomla and may be customised with source code overrides and/or CSS.

[92] Standard templates are included upon installation while other, third-party mambo no 5 can be installed later. In general, templates designed for each major version of Joomla are not interoperable with other major versions of Mambo no 5. The following table lists the standard templates installed with each major Joomla mambo no 5.

Joomla templates by major release Used in versions Frontend template Backend template 1.0 madeyourweb rhuk_solarflare_ii joomla_admin 1.5 beez ja_purity rhuk_milkyway khepri 1.6, 1.7 & 2.5 atomic beez_20 beez5 bluestork hathor 3.

x beez3 protostar hathor isis 4.0 cassiopeia atum Development and support [ edit ] Developers [ edit ] Joomla is maintained as an open source project by a community of volunteers and licensed under the GNU General Public License on an "as is" basis, without any warranty of any kind including implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.

[93] The source code is maintained at GitHub. The top two most popular public forums for discussing Joomla and seeking technical advice are at https://forum.joomla.org and https://joomla.stackexchange.com. Mambo no 5 [ edit ] J and Beyond is a conference largely aimed at Joomla developers and site integrators and is hosted in Europe around May each year.

Financial support [ edit ] Joomla is primarily funded by private sponsorships that offset OSM's operational costs; these costs include taxes, accounting, presence at ground events, operation of mambo no 5 and so forth.

[94] The project receives the rest of its revenue from website advertising, commissions, examination fees and Google Summer of Code. [95] Awards [ edit ] Year Award [note 3] Category 2005 UK Linux & Open Source Awards Best Linux / Open Source Project 2006 Packt Open Source Awards Best Open Source CMS UK Linux & Open Source Awards Best Linux / Open Source Project 2007 Packt Open Source Awards Best PHP Open Source CMS 2008 Packt Open Source Awards • Open Source CMS Most Valued Person — Personal award: Johan Janssens • 1st Runner-up Best Open Source CMS • 1st Runner-up Best Overall Open Source CMS 2009 Packt Open Source Awards • Open Source CMS Most Valued Person — Personal award: Louis Landry • 1st Runner-up Packt Hall of Fame CMS • 2nd Runner-up Best Open Source CMS 2010 Packt Open Source Awards 2nd Runner-up Hall of Fame CMS 2011 Packt Open Source Awards Best Open Source CMS 2014 CMS Critic People's Choice Awards Best Open Source PHP CMS 2015 CMS Critic People's Choice Awards Best Free CMS 2016 CMS Critic People's Choice Awards Best Free CMS 2017 CMS Critic People's Choice Awards Best Free CMS 2018 CMS Mambo no 5 People's Choice Awards Best Free CMS 2019 CMS Critic People's Choice Awards Best Free CMS 2020 CMS Critic People's Choice Awards Best Free CMS 2021 CMS Critic People's Choice Awards Best Free CMS, Best Open Source CMS CMS Market Share [ edit ] The following chart shows Joomla's share of the CMS market (against the market leader, WordPress, as a comparison).

[4] • ^ extensions are sub-classed as components, plugins, modules, templates and languages; some extensions are included with the "core" CMS package while other (usually third party-developed) variations or enhancements, can be optionally installed later • ^ Apache can be replaced by Nginx or Internet Information Services • ^ Only verifiable citations from "Joomla! Awards" are included in this table. References [ edit ] • ^ https://www.joomla.org/announcements/release-news/5858-joomla-4-1-2-and-3-10-8-release.html.

• ^ a b Mambo no 5 Technical Requirements • ^ "Joomla! Extensions Directory". extensions.joomla.org. Retrieved 30 November 2020. • ^ a b "Market share yearly trends for content management systems".

Retrieved 23 December 2021. • ^ "CMS market share analysis". joost.blog. Retrieved 1 July 2021. • ^ "How to Move a Joomla Site to a New Server". hostup.org. Retrieved 28 April 2019. • ^ Eddie, Andrew (8 April 2006). "Joomla! Developer Blog: So Really—What's the Difference". Archived from the original on 1 September 2006. Retrieved 30 November 2020. • ^ "Joomla Forum Discussion by Development Team members and Community". 7 May 2007.

Retrieved 7 May 2007. • ^ Teeman, Brian (17 August 2015). "Joomla is ten years old today". Retrieved 1 December 2020. • ^ Eddie, Andrew (17 August 2005). "Mambo Open Source Development Team—Letter to the community".

Retrieved mambo no 5 February 2014. • ^ Shreves, Ric (21 August 2005). "The Mambo Open Source Controversy—20 Questions With Miro". Archived from the original on 18 March 2007. Retrieved 27 April 2010. Alt URL • ^ Moglen, Eben (August 2005). "Why I like Open Source Matters (was Why I Like Mambo)". Retrieved 8 October 2008.

• ^ Russell, Peter (2005). "Award-winning Development Team Welcomes New Arrival—Joomla!". Retrieved 8 October 2008. • ^ "Partners". Joomla.org. Retrieved 8 October 2008. • ^ "Logo Usage and Brand Guide". docs.joomla.org. Retrieved 8 October 2008. • ^ "Multi-Level User Access With Joomla". 7 June 2007. Retrieved 30 November 2020. • ^ "Newsletter—Welcome to JXtended". JXtended Solutions. December 2007. Archived from the original on 1 May 2008.

Retrieved 30 November 2020. • ^ "Lifting the lid on Joomla 1.6" (PDF). 7 June 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2020. • ^ a b c "Google Trends—Explore—joomla (search term)". Retrieved 22 December 2021. • ^ "The Path Forward: Migration and the Future". Joomla.org. 20 January 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2020.

• ^ "Andrew Eddie resigns from the Joomla! project". Joomlablogger. 31 August 2010. Retrieved 30 November 2020. • ^ Landry, Louis (3 August 2011). "My Retirement". Retrieved 30 November 2020. • ^ a b "Proposed leadership structure changes & request for community feedback". community.joomla.org. Mambo no 5 2 December 2020. • ^ "Joomla 1.6 upgrading FAQ - Discussion".

22 January 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2007. • ^ "History repeating iself?". 1 February 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2007. • ^ Stephen, Amy, et al. (Molajo team) (6 May 2011). What is Molajo?. J and Beyond 2011 conference. Kerkrade, The Netherlands. Archived from the original on 21 December 2021. Retrieved 1 December 2020. • ^ Stephen, Amy (31 August 2015). "Molajo (GitHub)".

Retrieved 30 November 2020. • ^ Severdia, Ron; Gress, Jennifer (2014). Using Joomla: Efficiently build and manage custom websites. O'Reilly Media. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-449-34539-6. • ^ a b "Feedback on potential Joomla! Framework LGPL license change". 21 February 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2020.

mambo no 5

• ^ "LGPL License Change Approved for the Joomla Framework". community.joomla.org. Retrieved 1 December 2020. • ^ "Joomla Framework changes to LGPL". 28 March 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2020. • ^ "What is the Joomla! Framework?". framework.joomla.org. Retrieved 1 December 2020. • ^ a b "Roadmap".

developer.joomla.org. 9 August 2014. Archived from the original on 9 February 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2020. • ^ "Update on the proposed leadership structure changes".

7 November 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2020. • ^ Dionysopoulos, Nicholas (2 November 2014). "Refactoring Joomla!". Retrieved 1 December 2020. • ^ Dionysopoulos, Nicholas (15 May 2015). "The problem is the vision".

Retrieved 1 December 2020. • ^ Dings, Marco (20 July 2015). "Joomla! 4 working group". developer.joomla.org. Retrieved 1 December 2020. • ^ Braczek, Niels (28 April 2016). "Current State of Joomla!X". volunteers.joomla.org.

Retrieved 4 December 2020. • ^ Mambo no 5, Henry (8 December 2016). "The future of Joomla: How Joomla will evolve in the next versions?". Joomlashine. Retrieved 6 December 2020.

mambo no 5

• ^ "Joomla! 3 Retiring as Joomla! 4 Comes to Life". developer.joomla.org. 31 March 2017. Retrieved 1 December 2020. • ^ "OSM Board Meeting minutes". Open Source Matters, Inc. 4 Mambo no 5 2019. Retrieved 1 December 2020. • ^ "Joomla! Project Roadmap".

developer.joomla.org. 7 June 2018. Archived from the original on 23 June 2018. Retrieved 3 December 2020.

• ^ "Joomla 4 is on the horizon …". developer.joomla.org. 28 December 2018. Retrieved 1 December 2020. • ^ "Joomla! Project Roadmap". developer.joomla.org. 15 January 2019. Archived from the original on 28 January 2019. Retrieved 4 December 2020. • ^ "Joomla! Project Roadmap". developer.joomla.org.

24 November 2020. Retrieved 4 December 2020. • ^ "What's holding back the release of Joomla 4 Beta now?". forum.joomla.org. 14 January 2020. Retrieved 10 December 2020. • ^ "About the design of the administration?". forum.joomla.org. 17 March 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2020. • ^ "Towards a Product Led Future—Forum for the Future".

community.joomla.org. Marbella, Spain. 15 January 2020. Retrieved 9 December 2020. • ^ "Forum for the Future: where are we now?". community.joomla.org. 20 October 2020. Retrieved 9 December 2020. • ^ "Joomla team discloses data breach". ZDnet. 1 June 2020. Retrieved 16 April 2021. • ^ "JRD Security Incident Notification". community.joomla.org. 28 May 2020. Retrieved 16 April 2021.

• ^ Mitchell, Brian (30 Mambo no 5 2020). Essential Joomla. J and Beyond 2020 conference. Cologne, Germany. Archived from the original on 21 December 2021. Retrieved 10 December 2020. • ^ See Joomla!

CMS versions for additional information about version status. • ^ Sandven, Kristoffer (20 July 2009). "Procrastinators: Joomla 1.0 End of Life is Here". CMS Critic. Retrieved 5 December 2020. • ^ Joomla! 1.5 version history • ^ "What is "legacy mode"?". docs.joomla.org. Retrieved 28 November 2020. • ^ "Development Strategy". Joomla.org. 13 August 2011. • ^ "Farewell my Joomla!

friend … Adios!". Bang2Joom. 13 March 2014. Archived from the original on 15 March 2014. • ^ "Joomla! CMS versions". Joomla.org. 13 March 2014. • ^ "Joomla! 1.6 Has Arrived!". Joomla.org. 10 January 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2020. • ^ Johnston, Mike (19 January 2011). "Joomla! 1.6 Review".

CMS Critic. • ^ "Joomla! 1.7 Released". Joomla.org. 19 July 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2020. • ^ Johnston, Mike (19 July 2011). "1.7 released with focus on enhanced security". CMS Critic. • ^ "Joomla 2.5.0 Released". Joomla.org. 24 January mambo no 5. Retrieved 29 November 2020. • ^ "The Version Votes are In".

Joomla.org. 24 August 2011. • ^ "Vote for the Version". Joomla.org. 24 August 2011. • ^ "Joomla 2.5 end of life". 23 October 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2020.

mambo no 5

• ^ "Joomla 3.0.0 Released". Joomla.org. 27 September 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2020. • ^ "Joomla discussion—release cycle status". groups.google.com. 18 February 2012. • ^ "It's Official—Joomla!

CMS to add 3.2 release". joomla.org. 24 December 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2020. • ^ "Joomla! 3.1.0 Stable Released". Joomla.org. 24 April 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2020. • ^ "Tag—You're It". Joomla.org. 6 March 2013.

Retrieved 26 November 2020. • ^ "Joomla! 3.2.0 Stable Released". Joomla.org. 6 November 2013. • ^ "Raising The Bar On Security". Joomla.org. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2020. • ^ "Joomla! 3.3.0 Released". Joomla.org. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2020. • ^ "Release and support cycle". Joomla.org. 8 March 2015. • ^ "Joomla Development Strategy". Joomla.org. • ^ "Past release and support cycle".

Joomla.org. • ^ "Joomla! 3.4 is Here". Joomla.org. 24 February 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2020. • ^ "Joomla! 3.5 is Here". Joomla.org. 21 March 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2020. • ^ "Joomla! 3.6 is Here". Joomla.org. 12 July 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2020. • ^ "Joomla! 3.7 mambo no 5 Here". Joomla.org. 25 April 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2020. • ^ "Joomla! 3.8.0 Release". Joomla.org. 19 September 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2020.

• ^ "Joomla! 3.9.0 Release". Joomla.org. 30 October 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2020. • ^ "Joomla! 3.9 Landing Page". Joomla.org. 30 October 2018. • ^ a b "Joomla 4.0 and Joomla 3.10 are here!". Joomla.org. 17 August 2021. Retrieved 17 August 2021. • ^ "Joomla! 4.0 Landing Page". Joomla.org. 17 August 2021. • ^ "Joomla! Project Roadmap". Joomla.org. 29 March 2022. • ^ "Joomla 4.1.0 Stable - New standards in accessible website design". Joomla.org. 15 February 2022. • ^ "What will Joomla 4.2 bring in August 2022?".

Joomla.org. 20 February 2022. • ^ "Versions of Joomla". Retrieved 28 April 2022. • ^ "Understanding Output Overrides". docs.joomla.org. Retrieved 6 December 2020. • ^ "Joomla License". docs.joomla.org. Retrieved 30 November 2020. • ^ "Joomla! Sponsorships Opportunities". joomla.org. 26 February 2021. Retrieved 16 April 2021. {{ cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status ( link) • ^ "2019/2020 Budget Overview". community.joomla.org.

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