Cara konfigurasi access point

cara konfigurasi access point

Neicytekno.net - PS2 memang sudah menjadi Legenda, Namun hingga saat ini masih banyak orang yang memainkan game PS2. Bermain PS2 dengan menggunakan HP/Android dan banyak juga yang Memainkan Game PS2 menggunakan PC/Laptop.

cara konfigurasi access point

Memainkan Game PS2 di PC/Laptop harus menggunakan Emulator PS2 dan kamu cara konfigurasi access point mendownload nya di beberapa website download. Sangat mudah mencari Emulator PS2 dan Bios. Bahkan Game PS2 sudah banyak tersebar di Internet (cari di google).

Cara Instal PCSX2 dan Setting Bios PS2 • Perhatikan Gambar di atas. Setelah selesai menDownload, Jalankan aplikasi PCSX2 nya dengan cara Klik kanan > Run Administrator. • Kemudian Pilih Normal Installation, Kemudian Tekan Next.

• Di Bagian Ke-2, Centang Semuanya dan Tekan Next • Di Bagian ke-3, Pilih Lokasi penyimpanannya. Kemudian tekan Install. • Tunggu Hingga Prosess instal selesai. Kemudian tekan Finish. Cara Setting BIOS PCSX2 : Perhatikan Gambar di atas : * Hapus data Controller Default dengan cara blok datanya kemudian tekan Delete di keyboard. * Kemudian Setting Manual Controller Stik nya. Contoh : Tekan "L1" di PAD 1 dan kemudian Tekan "L1" di Stik PS2 nya. Lakukan hal yang sama untuk semua tombol Stik.

• Setelah selesai menyeting Tombol Stik nya, Tekan Apply dan kemudian tekan OK. • Lakukan Hal yang sama untuk mengatur Stik2 atau PAD 2. • Selesai. Nah itu merupakan cara Download PCSX2 dan cara Konfigurasi PCSX2 Beserta Setting Controller nya. Caranya sangat gampang bukan?.

Baca Juga : Game Mengetik 10 Jari Typer Shark Deluxe - Cara Belajar Ngetik Sampai Mahir !! Pertama login ke router mikrotik via winbox,kemudian klik menu wireless di seblah kiri,secara default interface wifi dalam posisi disable silakan enable dulu dengan mengklik tanda “ √ “ setelah itu double klik interface wifinya pada menu wireless silahkan ubah parameter sebagai berikut : Mode : ap bridge (point to multi point) pilih ap bridge agar bias lebih dari satu client yang terkoneksi ke SSID wifi nya.

Band :2GHz-B/Gband ini lebih stabil dan kompatibel dengan semua device,dan disesuaikan sama persis. Channel width : 20MHz, optional Frequency :2417,sesuaikan agar tidak bentrok dengan frequency yang kita gunakan melalui access point lain. SSID : Doviventuraz’s wifi,nama ini yang akan muncul ketika di scan di handphone atau laptop.

Security profile : password,kita harus menyeting nya terlebih dahulu. Kalau sudah selesai klik Apply dan OK untuk menyimpan perubahan konfigurasi ih dahulu di bagian security profile. Agar jaringan wifi lebih aman maka harus di proteksi dengan password,kita bisa menambah kan password untuk wifi di tab menu Security profile ,isi kolom Nama dengan nama yang di ingainkan,untuk mode nya kita bias pilih saja Dynamic keys,kemudian centang WPA PSK & WPA 2 PSK dibagian Authhentication Types selanjutya kita bias mengisi password sesuka hati di kolom WPA Pre-Shared Key & WPA2 pre-Shared Key klik Apply OK kalau sudah selesai.

Menambahkan IP Address di interface wifi mikrotik Pada interface wifi yang sudah di konfigurasi,klik menu IP > Address List > klik plus (+) untuk menambahkan,kemudian isi IP address dan network address dan diarahkan cara konfigurasi access point interface wlan1 seperti contoh gambar dibawah ini.

Agar Client yang terkoneksi ke wifi bias mendapatkan IP secara otomatis atau DHCP,kita juga harus stting DHCP klik DHCP setup,pada parameter DHCP server interface kita pilih interface wlan1 kemudian silahkan klik next-next sampai selesai.

Kalau konfigurasi selesai maka akan muncul SSID (nama wifi) yang sudah di setup seperti gambar di bawah ini,dan client akan secara otomatis akan mendapatkan IP address sebegitu terkoneksi ke wifi. Untuk melihat client yang sedang terkoneksi ke wifi,kita bisa melihat nya di menu WIRELESS > tab Registration,di menu registration akan di tampilkan jumlah client yang terkoneksi,MAC address,interface wifi,uptime dan signal strength.

Sampai di tahap ini cara setting wifi access point di mikrotik sudah selesai,dengan konfigurasi standart seperti ini kita sudah berhasil membangun jaringan wifi dengan router board mikrotik.
Pada tutorial kali ini saya akan mencoba untuk setting atau konfigurasi perangkat wireless router Totolink N300RT sebagai access point dengan menggunakan mode bridge.

Totolink merupakan salah brand perangkat jaringan yang sedang naik daun di kalangan pelaku jaringan RT/RW Net atau jaringan dalam skala menengah ke bawah. Totolink menawarkan berbagai macam perangkat jaringan dengan keunggulan setup yang mudah dan harga yang cukup terjangkau, salah satunya adalah perangkat yang kita setting ini Totolink N300RT.

Sebelum melakukan konfigurasi ada baiknya siapkan terlebih dahulu peralatan yang di butuhkan : - Router MikroTik (Yang telah terkoneksi ke internet dan terdapat DHCP Server). - Wireless Router Totolink N300RT. - Laptop atau Komputer.

- Kabel UTP / LAN. Topologi Jaringan Konfigurasi pada tutorial kali ini akan mengacu pada topologi di atas. Perangkat Totolink N300RT terhubung ke MikroTik melalui port LAN supaya dapat meneruskan IP Address yang terdapat pada DHCP Server MikroTik.

Kemudian untuk perangkat gagdet akan terhubung ke wireless Totolink N300RT supaya mendapatkan akses internet. Pada tutorial kali ini di asumsikan perangkat MikroTik sudah tersetting IP Address, NAT, DHCP Server (Sudah terkoneksi internet).

Konfigurasi Totolink N300RT 1. Langkah pertama silahkan konfigurasi IP Address laptop atau komputer satu subnet dengan IP Address default Totolink N300RT yaitu 192.168.1.1/24. Pastikan juga laptop atau komputer sudah terhubung dengan Totolink N300RT melalui port LAN. Setelah itu akses ip address Totolink N300RT melalui browser. 2. Langkah kedua kita akan diarahkan untuk Set-up Password baru untuk login ke perangkat Totolink N300RT. Saya sarankan untuk tidak melewati langkah ini, supaya perangkat kita terhindar dari user yang tidak bertanggung jawab.

Untuk password sendiri minimal 6 karakter yang terdiri dari huruf, angka dan simbol. Setelah memasukan password silahkan klik Set Up untuk lanjut ke langkah berikutnya. Karena Totolink N300RT di Setup menjadi Bridge maka ada beberapa konfigurasi yang perlu di perhatikan yaitu : - Parameter pada DNS cara konfigurasi access point di ubah menjadi DNS Cara konfigurasi access point dan isikan IP DNS yang telah dialokasikan pada jaringan.

- Matikan fitur DHCP Server dengan merubah parameter DHCP menjadi Disabled, Karena DHCP Server akan sediakan oleh perangkat MikroTik.7. Karena IP Totolink N300RT sudah diubah sesuai dengan alokasi IP pada jaringan, maka ubah IP laptop atau komputer satu subnet dengan IP Totolink yaitu 192.168.100.x/24.

Lalu login kembali ke perangkat Totolink N300RT. 8. Langkah berikutnya adalah setup nama dan password wifi, Silahkan klik menu Wireless > Basic Setting. Di langkah ini ada beberapa parameter yang perlu di perhatikan yaitu SSID untuk memberikan nama WIFI kita, Encryption untuk mengatur security SSID kita dan Password merupakan verifikasi yang perlu dimasukan user saat ingin terhubung ke jaringan WIFI kita.

Jangan lupa klik Apply untuk menyimpan hasil konfigurasi. - Password harus terdiri dari minimal 8 karakter. Karakter dapat berupa huruf, angka atau simbol. Tahap Testing 9. Langkah terakhir adalah testing hasil konfigurasi kita tadi apakah sudah berjalan dengan baik atau belum. Coba untuk menghubungkan gadget lain ke jaringan wifi kita. Jika gadget tersebut telah mendapatkan IP Address sesuai alokasi dari router MikroTik dan akses internet, bisa dipastikan settingan kita sudah berjalan dengan baik atau berhasil.

Kesimpulan Perangkat Totolink N300RT merupakan wireless Router yang memiliki konfigurasi yang cukup mudah dan sangat cocok digunakan untuk pengguna awam.

cara konfigurasi access point

Mode bridge memiliki kelebihan administrasi yang terpusat pada router utama sehingga sangat memudahkan untuk managemen jaringan dan pengembangan konfigurasi yang lebih kompleks di jaringan itu sendiri. Demikian Tutorial Cara Setting Wireless Router Totolink N300RT Sebagai Access Point (Mode Bridge), Selamat mencoba. Sekian Terima kasih.

Referensi : - Manual Totolink N300RT Andy Nugroho Follow Home » Access Point: Pengertian, Fungsi, Cara Kerja & Settingnya Access Point: Pengertian, Fungsi, Cara Kerja & Settingnya 15 April 2021 3 min read Pernah dengar istilah access point?

Pengertian access point secara garis besar merupakan teknologi yang sangat erat hubungannya dengan dunia internet. Saat ini banyak perusahaan besar atau instansi yang memiliki ruang publik luas seperti rumah sakit, pusat perbelanjaan, universitas, dan lain sebagainya sehingga membutuhkan jaringan internet yang bisa menjangkau seluruh area perusahaan.

Oleh karena itu banyak perusahaan besar yang memanfaatkan access point dalam pemecahan masalah ini. Mungkin sebagian besar dari kita sudah terbiasa menggunakan access point dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Tetapi tak sedikit pula yang belum cara konfigurasi access point apa itu access point.

Oleh karena itu, untuk memudahkan kita dalam mengakses internet berikut sudah kami rangkum informasi seputar pengertian, fungsi, cara setting, dan cara kerja access point.

Penutup Pengertian A ccess Point Apa itu access point? pengertian access point adalah perangkat keras jaringan komputer yang menghubungkan piranti nirkabel (tanpa kabel) dengan jaringan lokal menggunakan teknologi seperti wifi, bluetooth, wireless, dan lain sebagainya.

Access point juga sering disebut dengan wireless local area network (WLAN). Perangkat ini berfungsi untuk mengirim dan menerima data yang berasal dari adapter wireless. Komponen yang dimiliki access point adalah antena dan transceiver, dua komponen access point ini berfungsi untuk memancarkan dan menerima sinyal internet dari client server ataupun sinyal internet yang menuju client server. Umumnya, access point akan disambungkan dengan perangkat keras seperti router, hubatau switch melalui kabel thernet supaya dapat memancarkan sinyal.

Kelebihan yang didapatkan ketika menggunakan access point adalah sinyal wifi yang dipancarkan dapat menjangkau semua ruangan walaupun terhalang banyak tembok atau sekat antar ruang. Baca juga: Apa Itu ISP? Inilah Pengertian, Fungsi dan Cara Kerjanya Fungsi Access Point Fungsi utama access point adalah mengizinkan atau menolak perangkat untuk terhubung dengan jaringan lokal yang sama. Berikut ini fungsi-fungsi access point secara rinci: • Fungsi access point adalah sebagai penyebar sinyal internet kepada perangkat yang terhubung melalui gelombang radio.

• Access point adalah penghubung antar jaringan, yaitu jaringan lokal yang memakai kabel dengan jaringan nirkabel seperti wifi, wireless, bluetooth dan lain sebagainya. • Access point juga dapat digunakan untuk mengatur IP address secara otomatis cara konfigurasi access point perangkat yang terhubung. • Dengan dilengkapi fitur keamanan WEP atau WAP yang biasa disebut shared key-authentication, access point dapat digunakan sebagai pengaman.

Cara S etting Access Point Saat ini banyak yang memilih menggunakan access point tp link, dikarenakan access point tp link merupakan salah satu access point terbaik. Berikut ini cara setting acces poit tp link: • Sebelumnya, Anda harus menyiapkan access point, kemudian memasang antena, kabel arus atau power, kabel LAN pada access point dan menghubungkan kabel LAN ke perangkat komputer ataupun laptop.

• Setelah itu, setting IP addres dengan cara masuk pada control panel-network connection, lalu pilih internet protocol TCP/IP, klik properties, kemudian pilih use the following IP address. • Langkah selanjutnya, isi IP address pada kolom yang tersedia. Kemudian klik ok dan close. • Selanjutnya, Anda perlu memeriksa apakah sudah terkoneksi dengan benar, dengan cara klik start-run ketik cmd tekan enter.

Setelah masuk di command prompt, masukkan IP address untuk memanggil IP address • Setelah itu, akan muncul “ reply from….” Anda dapat melihat IP address-nya pada bagian bawah access point. • Langkah selanjutnya adalah melakukan setting access point dengan membuka browser dan mengetikkan IP address point yang telah ditentukan sebelumnya, lalu tekan enter.

• Kemudian, masukkan username dan password pada kolom yang tersedia, lalu tekan enter. • Setelah itu, lakukan konfigurasi access point pada halam AP • Langkah selanjutnya, masuk ke tab network, kemudian lakukan pengaturan standar dan klik • Masuk ke tab wireless untuk melakukan setting SSID, region, dan mode.

Lalu klik save. • Kemudian masuk ke wireless mode, pilih access point dan checklist enable SSID broadcast lalu klik save • Langkah terakhir adalah masuk ke DHCP, kemudian pilih enable dan klik save Mungkin cara diatas bisa saja berbeda tergantung firmware dan seri access point yang digunakan.

Cara K erja Access Point Access point adalah perangkat keras jaringan komputer yang dapat bekerja pada perangkat yang sedang mencoba mengakses jaringan internet. Umumnya saat akan menyambungkan perangkat seperti laptop atau smartphone, pada layar laptop atau komputer tersebut akan tertera permintaan memasukkan password.

Kemudian setelah pasword dimasukkan, access point akan mengatur supaya perangkat Anda bisa terhubung dengan cara mencocokan password WiFi yang telah Anda masukkan ke access point apakah benar atau salah. Jika password yang Anda masukkan benar, maka perangkat secara otomatis terkoneksi dengan internet. Jalur data yang disediakan access point adalah jalur data sinyal RF atau radio Frekuensi yang dibentuk oleh wifi dengan jalur elektrik pada kabel Ethernet.

Baca juga: Cara Mengamankan Koneksi Saat Menggunakan Wifi Publik Penutup Nah, demikianlah informasi terkait pengertian access point lengkap dengan cara mengaturnya.

Jika dibandingkan dengan jaringan LAN yang membutuhkan kabel fisik, penggunaan teknologi access point memang sangat memudahkan dan menguntungkan bagi perusahaan, Karena selain lebih rapi, fitur ini juga memiliki perbedaan jangkauan yang lumayan signifikan.

Terlepas dari berbagai kemudahan yang ditawarkan. Sangat penting bagi pengguna awam untuk melindungi koneksinya dari berbagai upaya tindak kejahatan. Terutama jika menggunakan access point wifi publik yang sangat rawan disalahgunakan. Untuk mengatasi hal tersebut, Anda bisa memanfaatkan layanan Virtual Private Network(VPN) yang berfungsi mengenkripsi data. Dalam hal ini paket VPN Murah dari Diego VPN bisa menjadi opsi terbaik yang bisa Anda gunakan.

Pasalnya, selain sedang ada promo Beli 4 Gratis 1, fitur-fitur yang diberikan Diego VPN juga sangat menarik untuk dipertimbangkan. Semoga bermanfaat.
Cara setting Mikrotik dari awal – Pada artikel ini Teknolalat akan mengulas tutorial cara setting MikroTik dengan Winbox beserta konfigurasi hotspot MikroTik.

Tutorial ini bisa diaplikasikan untuk mengelolah jaringan LAN dan Wireless seperti kantor, sekolah hingga warkop game online. Materi cara konfigurasi Mikrotik dasar tutorial ini meliputi DHCP Client, DHCP Server, IP Address, Firewall, NAT dan Routing.

Selebihnya kamu bisa mengembangkan seperti konfigurasi MikroTik hotspot dengan sistem vourcher, limit bandwith, VLAN, VPN dan sebagainya. Supaya cara setting MikroTik dari awal lebih mudah dipahami untuk pemula, maka seluruh konfigurasi MikroTik kali ini sepenuhnya menggunakan aplikasi Winbox yang berbasis GUI (Graphical User Interface).

Cara konfigurasi access point setting berbasis GUI, Winbox juga bisa untuk konfigurasi MikroTik berbasis CLI melalui menu New Terminal. Tak hanya melalui Winbox saja, kamu juga bisa mesetting MikroTik melalui browser (webfig), telnet dan putty. Saat ini sudah banyak seri router MikroTik, namun untuk belajar setting MikroTik sebagai gateway internet, maka kamu cukup memakai seri MikroTik Wifi RB941 hap lite, RB751, RB750 dan RB450.

Sebagai alternatif, kamu juga bisa menggunakan VirtualBox untuk menjalankan MikroTik RouterOS. Baca juga: Cara Instal MikroTik VirtualBox PDF Aplikasi dan Perangkat • Router MikroTik/OS (dalam keadaan sudah reset/tanpa konfigurasi) • Kabel UTP straight • Komputer/Laptop (dengan IP address optain/otomatis) • Winbox - Download • Intenet dari ISP/Modem (IndiHome, Biznet, MyRepublic, cara konfigurasi access point Topologi Dalam membuat jaringan komputer maka diperlukan topologi untuk mempermudah perancangan dan simulasi jaringan tersebut, berikut topologinya untuk cara setting MikroTik RB750, RB941 dll.

Cara Setting MikroTik dari Awal dengan Winbox Bagi kamu yang memulai belajar MikroTik mulai konfigurasi MikroTik dari awal sampai akhir di Winbox dan juga sampai konek internet beserta cara setting DHCP Server. Berikut langkah-langkah setting MikroTik dengan Winbox: 1. Buka dan Login MikroTik di Winbox • Pertama silakan login melalui Winbox dengan klik pada bagian Mac Address, isi form Login: admin dan Password: [kosong atau tanpa password], lalu klik Connect.

2. Setting DHCP Client Cara konfigurasi access point • Setelah berhasil login konfigurasi yang pertama adalah DHCP Client, pilih menu IP – DHCP Client – klik tambah (+) – pilih interface dengan mengisi form pada pilihan Interface : ether1. • Lalu hilangkan centang pada Use Peer DNS yang berarti MikroTik tidak akan menggunakan DNS bawaan dari ISP karena nanti akan menggunakan kustom DNS, lalu klik Apply – OK.

• Sampai tahap ini maka ether2 sudah memiliki IP address yaitu 192.168.1.1, kamu bisa mengganti IP address tersebut sesuai keinginan asalkan IP address class C misalnya 192.168.10.1/24. 5. Setting DNS MikroTik • Setting MikroTik dari Awal selanjutnya adalah konfigurasi DNS, caranya masuk menu IP – DNS – Isi pada form Cara konfigurasi access point : 8.8.8.8 dan 8.8.4.4, kemudian centang pada Allow Remote Requets dan cara konfigurasi access point Apply – OK.

• DNS tersebut yang cara konfigurasi access point DNS Google, selain itu kamu juga bisa menggunakan DNS lain yang tersedia di Internet, seperti DNS Nawala yang memiliki IP yaitu : 180.131.144.144 dan 180.131.145.145. • DNS Nawala banyak digunakan untuk memfilter konten-konten negatif sehingga tidak perlu untuk memblokir satu persatu, namun DNS Google juga banyak digunakan untuk mendapatkan kecepatan internet yang maksimal.

6. Setting NAT MikroTik • Lalu setting NAT pada MikroTik dengan masuk pada menu IP – Firewall – tab NAT – klik tambah (+) – lalu isi form Chain : scrnat dan Out. Interface : ether1. • Chain: scrnat yang berfungsi untuk mengubah source address dari sebuah paket data, dengan kata lain MikroTik mengubah IP local menjadi IP public.

• Out Interface: ether1 menentukan trafik internet yang keluar dari MikroTik yaitu melalui ether1. • Selanjutnya pada tab Action pilih Action : masquerade dan Apply – OK. • Action: masquerade ini berfungsi untuk menghubungkan IP local dengan IP public.

Nah, sampai tahap cara setting MikroTik ini, maka komputer yang terhubung pada ether2 akan bisa mengakses internet akan tertapi harus mengisi IP address secara manual, oleh karena itu agar tidak perlu repot-repot maka bisa menggunakan fitur DHCP Server.

7. Setting DHCP Server MikroTik • Lanjut pada cara setting DHCP Server, masuk pada menu IP – DHCP Server – pilih menu DHCP Setup. • Pilih interface yaitu ether2 – Next • Tentukan DHCP Address Space, tahan ini akan terisi otomatis – Next • Tentukan gateway, tahap ini akan terisi otomatis oleh IP Address dari ether2 yaitu 192.168.1.1 – Next • Pilih IP pool yang akann digunakan oleh client, dan akan terisi otomatis sesuai hosts pada prefix yang digunakan yaitu cara konfigurasi access point – Next, pada IP address 192.168.1.1 tidak akan digunakan karena sudah digunakan sebagai gateway dan 192.168.1.255 sebagai broadcast • Isi DNS : 8.8.8.8 dan 8.8.4.4 – Next, DNS inilah yang digunakan otomatis pada semua client yang tersambung pada ether2 • Tentukan Lease Time – Next, yaitu berapa lama IP address akan dipinjamkan ke client Sampai tahap ini, kamu sudah berhasil mengikuti cara konfigurasi dasar MikroTik, komputer/laptop yang terhubung dengan ether2 akan mendapatkan akses internet dan IP address otomatis antara 192.168.1.2 sampai 192.168.1.254, agar bisa digunakan lebih banyak perangkat, kamu bisa menambahkan switch pada ether 2.

Cara Cara konfigurasi access point Hotspot MikroTik dengan Winbox Nah setelah menghubungkan ether2 hingga terkoneksi internet, selanjutnya kamu bisa melakukan konfigurasi hotspot MikroTik pada ether lainnya.

Berikut langkah-langkah cara setting hotspot MikroTik: • Pertama silakan masuk menu IP – Hotspot – pada tab Servers pilih Hotspot Setup. • Selanjutnya pilih interface Hotspot, disini saya memilih ether3 karena ether1 dan 2 sudah digunakan pada settingan sebelumnnya – Next • Tentukan IP Address, misalkan 192.168.2.1/24 dan centan Masquerade Network – Next • Lalu tentukan IP pool, disini akan terisi otomatis sesuai hosts pada prefix yang digunakan yaitu 192.168.2.2-192.168.2.254 – Next • Pada opsi Select Sertificate, pilih none – Next • Pada SMTP Server silakan pilih Next • Isi DNS : 8.8.8.8 dan 8.8.4.4 – Next • Berikutnya pada DNS Name, isi misalkan teknolalat.com – Next • Terakhir isi user Hotspot dan password sesuai keinginan, misalkan cara konfigurasi access point dan password:admin – Next Begitulah cara setting hotspot MikroTik.

Sekarang ether3 sudah terkonfigurasi dengan hotspot dan dapat diteruskan melalui Access Point dengan mode AP Bridge. Selanjutnya pengguna perlu login hotspot dengan user dan password yang telah dibuat sebelumnya agar terhubung internet melalui ether3. Nah, bagi kamu yang ingin tes kecepatan internet dari MikroTik yang baru saja dikonfigurasi, maka kamu bisa kunjungi salah satu website berikut: • OpenSpeedTest • Speedtest • Fast Baca juga: Cara Import dan Export Konfigurasi MikroTik Itulah tutorial mengenai cara setting MikroTik dari awal dengan Winbox meliputi konfigurasi dasar dan setting hotspot MikroTik.

Sekian saja artikel tutorial MikroTik ini, selamat mencoba dan cara konfigurasi access point bermanfaat. Apabila terdapat cara konfigurasi MikroTik yang kurang jelas silakan sampaikan melalui kolom komen di bawah.
Routing merupakan proses pengiriman data maupun informasi dengan meneruskan paket data yang dikirim dari jaringan satu ke jaringan lainnya.

Perangkat keras jaringan yang digunakan untuk Routing adalah Router. Router berfungsi sebagai jembatan antara dua jaringan ( network), sehingga dapat berinteraksitanpa harus mengganti alamat IP salah satu network-nya. Router bekerja dengan cara merutekan paket atau data informasi yang disebut dengan routing. Dengan teknik routing tersebut, router dapat mengetahui arah rute perjalanan informasi tersebut akan dituju, apakah berada pada satu jaringan yang sama atau berbeda.

Jika informasi yang dituju mengarah kepada jaringan yang berbeda, maka router akan meneruskannya kepada jaringan tersebut, sebaliknya apabila paket yang dituju adalah jaringan yang sama, maka router akan menghalangi paket keluar serta meneruskan paket tersebut dengan routing di jaringan yang sama sampa terkirim ke tujuan.

Routing sendiri dapat dibagi menjadi 2 yaitu Static Routing dan Dynamic Routing. Kali ini kita akan membahas Static Routing.

Static Routing adalah routing yang dilakukan secara manual. Setiap jaringan yang akan dirouting harus dikonfigurasi satu persatu oleh administrator jaringan.

Oke kita akan langsung mempraktekkan Static Routing. Sebelumnya anda harus menginstall Cisco Packet Tracer terlebih dahulu pada komputer anda.

Disini kita menggunakan mode CLI ( Command Line Interface) dan juga agar tidak terjadi kebingungan selama praktek, silahkan anda pelajari terlebih dahulu perintah dasar Cisco pada link berikut Perintah Dasar Cisco (CLI) Beserta Penjelasannya.

Jika sudah . oke kita lanjut . • Pertama, kita buat skema jaringan seperti pada gambar dibawah ini. Router 1 diinisialisasikan sebagai R1, lalu Router 2 sebagai R2. Skema Static Routing • Berikutnya, buka R1 lalu pindah ke Tab CLI. Maka akan nampak seperti pada gambar dibawah ini.

Mode CLI • Seperti yang anda lihat pada point pertama, interface pada router berwarna merah, ini menandakan bahwa interface pada router tersebut statusnya Disable. Maka dari itu, kita Enable terlebih dahulu semua interface Router yang terhubung dengan PC. Caranya masukkan perintah : R1>enable R1#configure terminal R1(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/1 R1(config-if)#no shutdown R1(config-if)#interface fastEthernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown • Berikutnya lakukan juga pada R2 untuk meng- Enable semua Interface pada Router 2.

R2>enable R2#configure terminal R2(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/1 R2(config-if)#no shutdown R2(config-if)#interface fastEthernet 0/0 R2(config-if)#no shutdown • Jika sudah selesai, kita berikan IP Address untuk masing – masing Interface Router dan PC. Perhatikkan tabel dibawah ini. Perangkat Interface IP Address Subnetmask Gateway R1 Fa0/0 10.10.10.1 255.255.255.252 - R1 Fa0/1 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0 - R2 Fa0/0 10.10.10.2 255.255.255.252 - R2 Fa0/1 192.168.20.1 255.255.255.0 - PC-1 Fa0 192.168.10.2 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.1 PC-2 Fa0 192.168.20.2 255.255.255.0 192.168.20.1 • Konfigurasi IP Address cara konfigurasi access point R1 : R1(config)#interface FastEthernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 10.10.10.1 255.255.255.252 R1(config-if)#exit R1(config)#interface FastEthernet 0/1 R1(config-if)#ip address 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0 • Konfigurasi IP Address pada R2 : R2(config)#interface FastEthernet 0/0 R2(config-if)#ip address 10.10.10.2 255.255.255.252 R2(config-if)#exit R2(config)#interface FastEthernet 0/1 R2(config-if)#ip address 192.168.20.1 255.255.255.0 • Setelah selesai mengkonfigurasikan IP Address pada R1 dan R2.

Berikutnya lakukan pengujian koneksi dengan menggunakan Ping dari R1 ke R2, jika anda masuk dalam Global Configuration Mode gunakan perintah berikut : R1(config)do ping 10.10.10.2Jika anda masuk ke Privilege Mode gunakan perintah berikut : R1#ping 10.10.10.2Untuk lebih jelasnya perhatikkan gambar dibawah ini.

Pengujian Ping dari R1 ke R2 • Berikutnya konfigurasikan juga IP Address pada PC-1 dan PC-2. Caranya buka PC-1 pindah ke Tab Desktop lalu pilih IP Configuration. Untuk lebih jelasnya perhatikkan gambar dibawah ini. Konfigurasi IP Address PC-1 • Setelah itu masukkan IP Address sesuai dengan tabel pada point 5. Untuk lebih jelasnya perhatikkan gambar dibawah ini. Jika sudah selesai close saja. Konfigurasi IP Address PC • Jangan lupa untuk lakukan pengujian dengan Ping ke R1. Caranya buka PC-1 pindah ke Tab Desktop lalu pilih Command Prompt.

Setelah itu masukkan perintah " ping 192.168.10.1". Pengujian Ping dari PC-1 ke R1 • Cara konfigurasi access point terdapat pesan " Reply from 192.168.10.1: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=255". Maka koneksi dari PC ke R1 tidak terjadi masalah.

Dan tentunya jika seperti ini bisa dilanjutkan ke tahap konfigurasi Static Routing. • Lakukan juga konfigurasi IP Address pada PC2, caranya sama seperti konfigurasi pada PC1. • Berikutnya kita menambahkan konfigurasi Static Routing pada R1 dan R2. Pertama, kita konfigurasikan Static Routing pada R1. Caranya buka mode CLI pada R1 lalu masukkan perintah : R1>en R1#conf t R1(config)#ip route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.0 R1(config)#ip route 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.252 10.10.10.0 R1(config)#ip route 192.168.20.0 255.255.255.0 10.10.10.2 • Apabila sudah selesai konfigurasi Static Routing pada R1, berikutnya lakukan konfigurasi pada R2, berikut ini perintahnya : R2>en R2#conf t R2(config)#ip route 192.168.20.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.20.0 R2(config)#ip route 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.252 10.10.10.0 R2(config)#ip route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 10.10.10.1 • Apabila sudah selesai melakukan konfigurasi Static Routing pada R1 dan R2, berikutnya lakukan pengujian dengan cara Ping dari PC-1 ke PC-2 atau sebaliknya.

Berikut ini merupakan hasil pengujian Ping dari PC-1 ke PC-2. Pengujian Ping dari PC-1 ke PC-2 • Berikut ini merupakan hasil pengujian Ping dari PC2 ke PC1. Pengujian Ping dari PC-2 ke PC-1none
This article is written like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor's personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic.

Please help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style. ( June 2014) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message) A sailor checks an identification card (ID) before allowing a vehicle to enter a military installation. In the fields of physical security and information security, access control ( AC) is the selective restriction of access to a place or other resource, while access management describes the process.

The act of accessing may mean consuming, entering, or using. Permission to access a resource is called authorization.

Locks and login credentials are two analogous mechanisms of access control. Contents • 1 Physical security • 1.1 Electronic access control • 1.2 Cara konfigurasi access point • 1.3 Access control system components • 1.4 Access control topology • 1.5 Types of readers • 1.6 Access control system topologies • 1.7 Security risks • 1.7.1 The need-to-know principle • 2 Computer security • 2.1 Access control models • 3 Telecommunication • 3.1 Attribute accessors • 4 Public policy • 5 See also • 6 References • 7 External links Physical security [ edit ] Example of fob based access control using an ACT reader Geographical access control may be enforced by personnel (e.g.

border guard, bouncer, ticket checker), or with a device such as a turnstile. There may be fences to avoid circumventing this access control. An alternative of access control in the strict sense (physically controlling access itself) is a system of checking authorized presence, see e.g.

Ticket controller (transportation). A variant is exit control, e.g. of a shop (checkout) or a country. [1] The term access control refers to the practice of restricting entrance to a property, a building, or a room to authorized persons. Physical access control can be achieved by a human (a guard, bouncer, or receptionist), through mechanical means such as locks and keys, or through technological means such as access control systems like the mantrap.

Within these environments, physical key management may also be employed as a means of further managing and monitoring access to mechanically keyed areas or access to certain small assets.

[1] Physical access control is a matter of who, where, and when. An access control system determines who is allowed to enter or exit, where they are allowed to exit or enter, and when they are allowed to enter or exit. Historically, this was partially accomplished through keys and locks.

When a door is locked, only someone with a key can enter through the door, depending on how the lock is configured. Mechanical locks and keys do not allow restriction of the key holder to specific times or dates. Mechanical locks and keys do not provide records of the cara konfigurasi access point used on any specific door, and the keys can be easily copied or transferred to an unauthorized person.

When a mechanical key is lost or the key holder is no longer authorized to use the protected area, the locks must be re-keyed. [2] Electronic access control [ edit ] Electronic access control (EAC) uses computers to solve the limitations of mechanical locks and keys. A wide range of credentials can be used to replace mechanical keys. The electronic access control system grants access based on the credential presented.

When access is granted, the door is unlocked for a predetermined time and the transaction is recorded. When access is refused, the door remains locked and the attempted access is recorded. The system will also monitor the door and alarm if the door is forced open or held open too long after being unlocked.

[1] When a credential is presented to a reader, the reader sends the credential's information, usually a number, to a control panel, a highly reliable processor. The control panel compares the credential's number to an access control list, grants or denies the presented request, and sends a transaction log to a database.

When access is denied based on the access control list, the door remains locked. If there is a match between the credential and the access control list, the control panel operates a relay that in turn unlocks the door. The control panel also ignores a door open signal to prevent an alarm.

Often the reader provides feedback, such as a flashing red LED for an access denied and a flashing green LED for an access granted. [3] The above description illustrates a single factor transaction. Credentials can be passed around, thus subverting the access control list.

For example, Alice has access rights to the server room, but Bob does not. Alice either gives Bob her credential, or Bob takes it; he now has access to the server room. To prevent this, two-factor authentication can be used. In a two factor transaction, the presented credential and a second factor are needed for access to be granted; another factor can be a PIN, a second credential, operator intervention, or a biometric input.

[3] There are three types (factors) of authenticating information: [4] • something the user knows, e.g. a password, pass-phrase or PIN • something the user has, such as smart card or a key fob • something the user is, such as fingerprint, verified by biometric measurement Passwords are a common means of verifying a user's identity before access is given to information systems.

In addition, a fourth factor of authentication is now recognized: someone you know, whereby another person who knows you can provide a human element of authentication in situations where systems have been set up to allow for such scenarios.

For example, a user may have their password, but have forgotten their smart card. In such a scenario, if the user is known to designated cohorts, the cohorts may provide their smart card and password, in combination with the extant factor of the user in question, and thus provide two factors for the user with the missing credential, giving three factors overall to allow access.

[ citation needed] Credential [ edit ] A credential is a physical/tangible object, a piece of knowledge, or a facet of a person's physical being that enables an individual access to a given physical facility or computer-based information system. Typically, credentials can be something a person knows (such as a number or PIN), something they have (such as an access badge), something they are (such as a biometric feature), something they do (measurable behavioural patterns), or some combination of these items.

This is known as multi-factor authentication. The typical credential is an access card or key-fob, and newer software can also turn users' smartphones into access devices. [5] There are many card technologies including magnetic stripe, bar code, Wiegand, 125 kHz proximity, 26-bit card-swipe, contact smart cards, and contactless smart cards.

Also available are key-fobs, which are more compact than ID cards, and attach to a key ring. Biometric technologies include fingerprint, facial recognition, iris recognition, retinal scan, voice, and hand geometry. The built-in biometric technologies found on newer smartphones can also be used as credentials in conjunction with access software running on mobile devices.

[6] In addition to older more traditional card access technologies, newer technologies such as Near field communication (NFC), Bluetooth low energy or Ultra-wideband (UWB) can also communicate user credentials to readers for system or building access. [7] [8] [9] Access control system components [ edit ] Various control system components Components of an access control system include: • An access control panel (also known as a controller) • An access-controlled entry, such as a door, turnstile, parking gate, elevator, or other physical barrier • A reader installed near the entry.

(In cases where the exit is also controlled, a second reader is used on the opposite side of the entry.) • Locking hardware, such as electric door strikes and electromagnetic locks • A magnetic door switch for monitoring door position • Request-to-exit (RTE) devices for allowing egress. When a RTE button is pushed, or the motion detector detects motion at the door, the door alarm is temporarily ignored while the door is opened. Exiting a door without having to electrically unlock the door is called mechanical free egress.

This is an important safety feature. In cases where the lock must be electrically unlocked on exit, the request-to-exit device also unlocks the door. [10] Access control topology [ edit ] Access control door wiring when using intelligent readers Access control decisions are made by comparing the credentials to an access control list.

This look-up can be done by a host or server, by an access control panel, or by a reader. The development of access control systems has observed a steady push of the look-up out from a central host to the edge of the system, or the reader. The predominant topology circa 2009 is hub and spoke with a control panel as the hub, and the readers as the spokes. The look-up and control functions are by the control panel. The spokes communicate through a serial connection; usually RS-485.

Some manufactures are pushing the decision making to the edge by placing a controller at the door. The controllers are IP enabled, and connect to a host and database using standard networks [11] Types of readers [ edit ] Access control readers may be classified by the functions they are able to perform: [12] • Basic (non-intelligent) readers: simply read card number or PIN, and forward it to a control panel.

In case of biometric identification, such readers output the ID number of a user. Typically, Wiegand protocol is used for transmitting data to the control panel, but other options such as RS-232, RS-485 and Clock/Data are not uncommon. This is the most popular type of access control readers. Examples of such readers are RF Tiny by RFLOGICS, ProxPoint by HID, and P300 by Farpointe Data. • Semi-intelligent readers: have all inputs and outputs necessary to control door hardware (lock, door contact, exit button), but do not make any access decisions.

When a user presents a card or enters a PIN, the reader sends information to the main controller, and waits for its response.

cara konfigurasi access point

If the connection to the main controller is interrupted, such readers stop working, or function in a degraded mode. Usually semi-intelligent readers are connected to a control panel via an RS-485 bus. Examples of such readers are InfoProx Lite IPL200 by CEM Systems, and AP-510 by Apollo. • Intelligent readers: have all inputs and outputs necessary to control door hardware; they also have memory and processing power necessary to make access decisions independently.

Like semi-intelligent readers, they are connected to a control panel via an RS-485 bus. The control panel sends configuration updates, and retrieves events from the readers.

cara konfigurasi access point

Examples of such readers could be InfoProx IPO200 by CEM Systems, and AP-500 by Apollo. There is also a new generation of intelligent readers referred to as " IP readers". Systems with IP readers usually do not have traditional control panels, and readers communicate directly to a PC that acts as a host.

Some readers may have additional features such as an LCD and function buttons for data collection purposes (i.e. clock-in/clock-out events for attendance reports), camera/speaker/microphone for intercom, and smart card read/write support. [ citation needed] Access control system topologies [ edit ] Access control system using serial controllers 1.

cara konfigurasi access point

Serial controllers. Controllers are connected to a host PC via a serial RS-485 cara konfigurasi access point line (or via 20mA current loop in some older systems). External RS-232/485 converters or internal Cara konfigurasi access point cards have to be installed, as standard PCs do not have RS-485 communication ports. [ citation needed] Advantages: [ citation needed] • RS-485 standard allows long cable runs, up to 4000 feet (1200 m) • Relatively short response time.

The maximum number of devices on an RS-485 line is limited to 32, which means that the host can frequently request status updates from each device, and display events almost in real time. • High reliability and security as the communication line is not shared with any other systems. Disadvantages: [ citation needed] • RS-485 does not allow Star-type wiring unless splitters are used • RS-485 is not well suited for transferring large amounts of data (i.e.

configuration and users). The highest possible throughput is 115.2 kbit/sec, but in most system it is downgraded to 56.2 kbit/sec, or less, to increase reliability.

• RS-485 does not allow the host PC to communicate with several controllers connected to the same port simultaneously. Therefore, in large systems, transfers of configuration, and users to controllers may take a very long time, interfering with normal operations. • Controllers cannot initiate communication in case of an alarm. The cara konfigurasi access point PC acts as a master on the RS-485 communication line, and controllers have to wait until they are polled.

• Special serial switches are required, in order to build a redundant host PC setup. • Separate RS-485 lines have to be installed, instead of using an already existing network infrastructure.

• Cable that meets RS-485 standards is significantly more expensive than regular Category 5 UTP network cable. • Operation of the system is highly dependent on the host PC. In the case that the host PC fails, events from controllers are not retrieved, and functions that require interaction between controllers (i.e.

anti-passback) stop working. Access control system using serial main and sub-controllers 2. Serial main and sub-controllers. All door hardware is connected to sub-controllers (a.k.a. door controllers or door interfaces). Sub-controllers usually do not make access decisions, and instead forward all requests to the main controllers. Main controllers usually support from 16 to 32 sub-controllers. Advantages: [ citation needed] • Work load on the host PC is significantly reduced, because it only needs to communicate with a few main controllers.

• The overall cost of the system is lower, as sub-controllers are usually simple and inexpensive devices.

• All other advantages listed in the first paragraph apply. Disadvantages: [ citation needed] • Operation of the system is highly dependent on main cara konfigurasi access point. In case one of the main controllers fails, events from its sub-controllers are not retrieved, and functions that require interaction between sub-controllers (i.e. anti-passback) stop working.

• Some models of sub-controllers (usually lower cost) do not have the memory or processing power to make access decisions independently. If the main controller fails, sub-controllers change to degraded mode in which doors are either completely locked or unlocked, and no events are recorded. Such sub-controllers should be avoided, or used only in areas that do not require high security. • Main controllers tend to be expensive, therefore such a topology is not very well suited for systems with multiple remote locations that have only a few doors.

• All other RS-485-related disadvantages listed in the first paragraph apply. Access control system using serial main controller and intelligent readers 3. Serial main cara konfigurasi access point & intelligent readers.

All door hardware is connected directly to intelligent or semi-intelligent readers. Readers usually do not make access decisions, and forward all requests to the main controller. Only if the connection to the main controller is unavailable, will the readers use their internal database to make access decisions and record events.

Semi-intelligent reader that have no database and cannot function without the main controller should be used only in areas that do not require high security. Main controllers usually support from 16 to 64 readers. All advantages and disadvantages are the same as the ones listed in the second paragraph. Access control systems using serial controllers and terminal servers 4.

Serial controllers with terminal servers. In spite of the rapid development and increasing use of computer networks, access control manufacturers remained conservative, and did not rush to introduce network-enabled products. When pressed for solutions with network connectivity, many chose the option requiring less efforts: addition of a terminal server, a device that converts serial data for transmission via LAN or WAN.

Advantages: [ citation needed] • Allows utilizing the existing network infrastructure for connecting separate segments of the system. • Provides a convenient solution in cases when the installation of an RS-485 line would be difficult or impossible. Disadvantages: [ cara konfigurasi access point needed] • Increases complexity of the system. • Creates additional work for installers: usually terminal servers have to be configured independently, and not through the interface of the access control software.

• Serial communication link between the controller and the terminal server acts as a bottleneck: even though the data between the host PC and the terminal server travels at the 10/100/1000Mbit/sec network speed, it must slow down to the serial speed of 112.5 kbit/sec or less. There are also additional delays introduced in the process of conversion between serial and network data. All the RS-485-related advantages and disadvantages also apply. Access control system using network-enabled main controllers 5.

Network-enabled main controllers. The topology is nearly the same as described in the second and third paragraphs. The same advantages and disadvantages apply, but the on-board network interface offers a couple of valuable improvements. Transmission of configuration and user data to the main controllers is faster, and may be done in parallel. This makes the system more responsive, and does not interrupt normal operations. No special hardware is required in order to achieve redundant host PC setup: in the case that the primary host PC fails, the secondary host PC may start polling network controllers.

The disadvantages introduced by terminal servers (listed in the fourth paragraph) are also eliminated. Access control system using IP controllers 6. IP controllers. Controllers are connected to a host PC via Ethernet LAN or WAN. Advantages: [ citation needed] • An existing network infrastructure is fully utilized, and there is no need to install new communication lines.

• There are no limitations regarding the number of controllers (as the 32 per line in cases of RS-485). • Special RS-485 installation, termination, grounding and troubleshooting knowledge is not required.

• Communication with the controllers may be done at the full network speed, which is important if transferring a lot of data (databases with thousands of users, possibly including biometric records).

• In case of an alarm, controllers may initiate connection to the host PC. This ability is important in large systems, because it serves to reduce network traffic caused by unnecessary polling. • Simplifies installation of systems consisting of multiple sites that are separated by large distances. A basic Internet link is sufficient to establish connections to the remote locations.

• Wide selection of standard network equipment is available to provide connectivity in various situations (fiber, wireless, VPN, dual path, PoE) Disadvantages: [ citation needed] • The system becomes susceptible to network related problems, such as delays in case of heavy traffic and network equipment failures. • Access controllers and workstations may become accessible to hackers if the network of the organization is cara konfigurasi access point well protected. This threat may be eliminated by physically separating the access control network from the network of the organization.

Most IP controllers utilize either Linux platform or proprietary operating systems, which makes them more difficult to hack. Industry standard data encryption is also used. • Maximum distance from a hub or a switch to the controller (if using a copper cable) is 100 meters (330 ft).

• Operation of the system is dependent on the host PC. In case the host PC fails, events from controllers are not retrieved and functions that require interaction between controllers (i.e. anti-passback) stop working. Some controllers, however, have a peer-to-peer communication option in order to reduce dependency on the host PC. Access control system using IP readers 7.

IP readers. Readers are connected to a host PC via Ethernet LAN or WAN. Advantages: [ citation needed] • Most IP readers are PoE capable. This feature makes it very easy to provide battery backed power to the entire system, including the locks and various types of detectors (if used). • IP readers eliminate the need for controller enclosures. • There is no wasted capacity when using IP readers (e.g.

cara konfigurasi access point 4-door controller would have 25% of unused capacity if it was controlling only 3 doors). • IP reader systems scale easily: there is no need to install new main or sub-controllers. • Failure of one IP reader does not affect any other readers in the system. Disadvantages: [ citation needed] • In order to be used in high-security areas, IP readers require special input/output modules to eliminate the possibility of intrusion by accessing lock and/or exit button wiring.

Not all IP reader manufacturers have such modules available. • Being more sophisticated than basic readers, IP readers are also more expensive and sensitive, therefore they should not be installed outdoors in areas with harsh weather conditions, or high probability of vandalism, unless specifically designed for exterior installation. A few manufacturers make such models. The advantages and disadvantages of IP controllers apply to the IP readers as well. Security risks [ edit ] Access control door wiring when using intelligent readers and IO module The most common security risk of intrusion through an access control system is by simply following a legitimate user through a door, and this is referred to as tailgating.

Often the legitimate user will hold the door for the intruder. This risk can be minimized through security awareness training of the user population or more active means such as turnstiles. In very high-security applications this risk is minimized by using a sally port, sometimes called a security vestibule or mantrap, where operator intervention is required presumably to assure valid identification.

[13] The second most common risk is from levering a door open. This is relatively difficult on properly secured doors with strikes or high holding force magnetic locks. Fully implemented access control systems include forced door monitoring alarms.

cara konfigurasi access point

These vary in effectiveness, usually failing from high false positive alarms, poor database configuration, or lack of active intrusion monitoring.

Most newer access control systems incorporate some type of door prop alarm to inform system administrators of a door left open longer than a specified length of time. [ citation needed] The third most common security risk is natural disasters. In order to mitigate risk from natural disasters, the structure of the building, down to the quality of the network and computer equipment vital.

From an organizational perspective, the leadership will need to adopt and implement an All Hazards Plan, or Incident Response Plan. The highlights of any incident plan determined by the National Incident Management System must include Pre-incident planning, during incident actions, disaster recovery, and after-action review.

[14] Similar to levering is crashing through cheap partition walls. In shared tenant spaces, the divisional wall is a vulnerability. A vulnerability along the same lines is the breaking of sidelights.

[ citation needed] Spoofing locking hardware is fairly simple and more elegant than levering. A strong magnet can operate the solenoid controlling bolts in electric locking hardware. Motor locks, more prevalent in Europe than in the US, are also susceptible to this attack using a doughnut-shaped magnet. It is also possible to manipulate the power to the lock either by removing or adding current, although most Access Control systems incorporate battery back-up systems and the locks are almost always located on the secure side of the door.

[ citation needed] Access cards themselves have proven vulnerable to sophisticated attacks. Enterprising hackers have built portable readers that capture the card number from a user's proximity card. The hacker simply walks by the user, reads the card, and then presents the number to a reader securing the door. This is possible because card numbers are sent in the clear, no encryption being used. To counter this, dual authentication methods, such as a card plus a PIN should always cara konfigurasi access point used.

Many access control credentials unique serial numbers are programmed in sequential order during manufacturing. Known as a sequential attack, if an intruder has a credential once used in the system they can simply increment or decrement the serial number until they find a credential that is currently authorized in the system.

Ordering credentials with random unique serial numbers is recommended to counter this threat. [15] Finally, most electric locking hardware still has mechanical keys as a fail-over. Mechanical key locks are vulnerable to bumping.

[16] The need-to-know principle [ edit ] Further information: Principle of least privilege The need to know principle can be enforced with user access controls and authorization procedures and its objective is to ensure that only authorized individuals gain access to information or systems necessary to undertake their duties. [ citation needed] Computer security [ edit ] Further information: Computer access control In computer security, general access control includes authentication, authorization, and audit.

A more narrow definition of access control would cover only cara konfigurasi access point approval, whereby the system makes a decision to grant or reject an access request from an already authenticated subject, based on what the subject is authorized to access. Authentication and access control are often combined into a single operation, so that access is approved based on successful authentication, or based on an anonymous access token.

Authentication methods and tokens include passwords, biometric analysis, physical keys, electronic keys and devices, hidden paths, social barriers, and monitoring by humans and automated systems. [17] In any access-control model, the entities that can perform actions on the system are called subjects, and the entities representing resources to which access may need to be controlled are called objects (see also Access Control Matrix).

Subjects and objects should both be considered as software entities, rather than as human users: any human users can only have an effect on the system via the software entities that they control.

[ citation needed] Although some systems equate subjects with user IDs, so that all processes started by a user by default have the same authority, this level of control is not fine-grained enough to satisfy the principle of least privilege, and arguably is responsible for the prevalence of malware in such systems (see computer insecurity).

[ citation needed] In some models, for example the object-capability model, cara konfigurasi access point software entity can potentially act as both subject and object. [ citation needed] As of 2014 [update], access-control models tend to fall into one of two classes: those based on capabilities and those based on access control lists (ACLs).

• In a capability-based model, holding an unforgeable reference or capability to an object provides access to the object (roughly analogous to how possession of one's house key grants one access to one's house); access is conveyed to another party by transmitting such a capability over a secure channel • In an ACL-based model, a subject's access to an object depends on whether its identity appears on a list associated with the object (roughly analogous to how a bouncer at a private party would check an ID to see if a name appears on the guest list); access is conveyed by editing the list.

cara konfigurasi access point ACL systems have a variety of different conventions regarding who or what is responsible for editing the list and how it is edited.) [ citation needed] Both capability-based and ACL-based models have mechanisms to allow access rights to be granted to all members of a group of subjects (often the group is itself modeled as a subject).

[ citation needed] Access control systems provide the essential services of authorization, identification and authentication ( I&A), access approval, and accountability where: [ citation needed] • authorization specifies what a subject can do • identification and authentication ensure that only legitimate subjects can log on to a cara konfigurasi access point • access approval grants access during cara konfigurasi access point, by association of users with the resources that they are allowed to access, based on the authorization policy • accountability identifies what a subject (or all subjects associated with a user) did Access control models [ edit ] Access to accounts can be enforced through many types of controls.

[18] • Attribute-based Access Control (ABAC) An access control paradigm whereby access rights are granted to users through the use of policies which evaluate attributes (user attributes, resource attributes and environment conditions) [19] • Discretionary Access Control (DAC) In DAC, the data owner determines who can access specific resources.

For example, a system administrator may create a hierarchy of files to be accessed based on certain permissions. • Graph-based Access Control (GBAC) Compared to other approaches like RBAC or ABAC, the main difference is that in GBAC access rights are defined using an organizational query language instead of total enumeration.

• History-Based Access Control (HBAC) Access is granted or declined based on the real-time evaluation of a history of activities of the inquiring party, e.g. behavior, time between requests, content of requests. [20] For example, the access to a certain service or data source can be granted or declined on the personal behavior, e.g. the request interval exceeds one query per second. • History-of-Presence Based Access Control (HPBAC) Access control to resources is defined in terms of presence policies that need to be satisfied by presence records stored by the requestor.

Policies are usually written in terms of frequency, spread and regularity. An example policy would be "The requestor has made k separate visitations, all within last week, and no two consecutive visitations are apart by more than T hours." [21] • Identity-Based Access Control (IBAC) Using this network administrators can more effectively manage activity and access based on individual needs. [22] • Lattice-Based Access Control (LBAC) A lattice is used to define the levels of security that an object may have and that a subject may have access to.

The subject is only allowed to access an object if the security level of the subject is greater than or equal to that of the object. • Mandatory Access Control (MAC) In MAC, users do not have much freedom to determine who has access to their files.

For example, security clearance of users and classification of data (as confidential, secret or top secret) cara konfigurasi access point used as security labels to define the level of trust. • Organization-Based Access control (OrBAC) OrBAC model allows the policy designer to define a security policy independently of the implementation [23] • Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) RBAC allows access based on the job title.

RBAC largely eliminates discretion when providing access to objects. For example, a human resources specialist should not have permissions to create network accounts; this should be a role reserved for network administrators. • Rule-Based Access Control (RAC) RAC method, also referred to as Rule-Based Role-Based Access Control (RB-RBAC), is largely context based. Example of this would be allowing students to use labs only during a certain time of day; it is the combination of students' RBAC-based information system access control with the time-based lab access rules.

• Responsibility Based Access control Information is accessed based on the responsibilities assigned to cara konfigurasi access point actor or a business role [24] Telecommunication [ edit ] In telecommunication, the term access control is defined in U.S. Federal Standard 1037C [25] with the following meanings: • A service feature or technique used to permit or deny use of the components of a communication system.

• A technique used to define or restrict the rights of individuals or application programs to obtain data from, or place data onto, a storage device. • The definition or restriction of the rights of individuals or application programs to obtain data from, or place data into, a storage device.

• The process of limiting access to the resources of an AIS (Automated Information System) to authorized users, programs, processes, or other systems. • That function performed by the resource controller that allocates system resources to satisfy user requests. This definition depends on several other technical terms from Federal Standard 1037C.

Attribute accessors [ edit ] Special public member methods – accessors (aka getters) and mutator methods (often called setters) are used to control changes to class variables in order to prevent unauthorized access and data corruption. Public policy [ edit ] In public policy, access control to restrict access to systems (" authorization") or to track or monitor behavior within systems (" accountability") is an implementation feature of using trusted systems for security or social control.

See also [ edit ] • Alarm device, Alarm management, Security alarm • Card reader, Common Access Card, Magnetic stripe card, Proximity card, Smart card, Optical turnstile, Access badge • Castle, Fortification • Computer security, Logical security. htaccess, Wiegand effect, XACML, Credential • Door security, Lock picking, Lock (security device), Electronic lock, Safe, Safe-cracking, Bank vault • Fingerprint scanner, Photo identification, Biometrics • Identity management, Identity document, OpenID, IP Controller, IP reader • Key management, Key cards • Lock screen • Physical security information management • Physical Security Professional • Prison, Barbed tape, Mantrap • Security, Security engineering, Security lighting, Security management, Security policy References [ edit ] • ^ a b c Eugene Schultz, E.

(2007). "Risks due to convergence of physical security systems and information technology environments". Information Security Technical Report.

cara konfigurasi access point

12 (2): 80–84. doi: 10.1016/j.istr.2007.06.001. • ^ Niemelä, Harri (2011). "The study of business opportunities and value add of NFC applications in security". theseus.fi. Retrieved 22 March 2019.

• ^ a b Newman, Robert (2010). Security and access control using biometric technologies. Boston, Mass.: Course Technology. ISBN 978-1-4354-9667-5. OCLC 535966830.

cara konfigurasi access point

• ^ Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (2008). "Authentication in an Internet Banking Environment" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 May 2010. Retrieved 31 December 2009. • ^ "MicroStrategy's office of the future includes mobile identity and cybersecurity".

Washington Post. 14 April 2014. Archived from the original on 16 February 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014. • ^ "iPhone 5S: A Biometrics Turning Point?".

BankInfoSecurity.com. 16 September 2013. Archived from the original on 11 September 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2014. • ^ "NFC access control: cool and coming, but not close".

cara konfigurasi access point

Security Systems News. 25 September 2013. Archived cara konfigurasi access point the original on 6 April 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014. • ^ "Ditch Those Tacky Key Chains: Easy Access with EC Key". Wireless Design and Development.

11 June 2012. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2014. • ^ "Kisi And KeyMe, Two Smart Phone Apps, Might Make House Keys Obsolete". The Huffington Post. 26 November 2013. Archived from the original on 11 March 2015. • ^ Rhodes, Brian (2019). "Designing Access Control Guide". ipvm.com. Retrieved 1 October 2019. • ^ "Opening new doors with IP access control – Secure Insights".

Secure Insights. 16 March 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018. • ^ "The Evolution of Access Control".

cara konfigurasi access point

isonas.com. Retrieved 26 September 2019. • ^ Morse, W. D. (1 August 1998). "Physical security of cut-and-cover underground facilities". OSTI 656762. {{ cite journal}}: Cite journal requires -journal= ( help) • ^ "Incident Command System :: NIMS Online :: Serving the National Incident Management System (NIMS) Community". 18 March 2007. Archived from the original on 18 March 2007. Retrieved 6 March 2016. • ^ "Smart access control policies for residential & commercial buildings". Archived from the original on 4 July 2017.

Retrieved 11 September 2017. • ^ Graham Pulford (17 October 2007). High-Security Mechanical Locks: An Encyclopedic Reference. Butterworth-Heinemann. pp. 76–. ISBN 978-0-08-055586-7. • ^ "User Authentication Methods & Technologies to Prevent Breach". ID R&D. 7 February 2020. Retrieved 8 November 2020. • ^ "Cybersecurity: Access Control". cara konfigurasi access point February 2014.

Retrieved 11 September 2017. • ^ "SP 800-162, Guide to Attribute Based Access Control (ABAC) Definition and Considerations" (PDF). NIST. 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016.

Retrieved 8 December 2015. • ^ Schapranow, Matthieu-P. (2014). Real-time Security Extensions for EPCglobal Networks. Springer. ISBN 978-3-642-36342-9. • ^ Pereira, Henrique G. G.; Fong, Philip W. L. (2019). "SEPD: An Access Control Model for Resource Sharing in an IoT Environment". Computer Security – ESORICS 2019. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Cara konfigurasi access point.

11736: 195–216. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-29962-0_10. ISBN 978-3-030-29961-3. S2CID 202579712. • ^ Sonwane, Abhilash Vijay; Mahadevia, Jimit Hareshkumau; Malek, Sarfaraz Mohammedhanif; Pandya, Sumit; Shah, Nishit Shantibhai; Modhwadiya, Rajesh Hardasbhai (17 March 2015), Identity and policy-based network security and management system and method, USPTO Patent Full-Text and Image Database • ^ "OrBAC: Organization Based Access Control – The official OrBAC model website".

orbac.org. Archived from the original on 10 June 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2017. • ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2014. {{ cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link) • ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 May 2007. Retrieved 23 January 2007. {{ cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link) • U.S. Federal 1037C • U.S. MIL-188 • Cara konfigurasi access point.

National Information Systems Security Glossary • Harris, Shon, All-in-one CISSP Exam Guide, 6th Edition, McGraw Hill Osborne, Emeryville, California, 2012. • "Integrated Security Systems Design" – Butterworth/Heinenmann – 2007 – Thomas L. Norman, CPP/PSP/CSC Author • NIST.gov – Computer Security Division – Computer Security Resource Center – ATTRIBUTE BASED ACCESS CONTROL (ABAC) – OVERVIEW External links [ edit ] • Access Control Markup Language.

An OASIS standard language/model for access control. Also XACML. Hidden categories: • CS1 errors: missing periodical • CS1 maint: archived copy as title • Articles with short description • Short description matches Wikidata • Use dmy dates from March 2020 • Articles lacking in-text citations from February 2012 • All articles lacking in-text citations • Wikipedia articles with style issues from June 2014 • All articles with style issues • Articles that may be too long from October 2020 • Articles with multiple maintenance issues • All articles with unsourced statements • Articles with unsourced statements from February 2012 • Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014 • All articles containing potentially dated statements • Articles with BNF identifiers • Articles with GND identifiers • Articles with J9U identifiers • Articles with LCCN identifiers • العربية • AzÉ™rbaycanca • বাংলা • Català • ChiShona • Dansk • Deutsch • Ελληνικά • Español • فارسی • Français • 한국어 • हिन्दी • Bahasa Indonesia • Italiano • עברית • Қазақша • Magyar • Nederlands • 日本語 • Norsk bokmÃ¥l • Polski • Português • Русский • Shqip • Simple English • Српски / srpski • Suomi • Svenska • Türkçe • Українська • اردو • Tiếng Việt • 中文 Edit links • This page was last edited on 8 April 2022, at 13:53 (UTC).

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