Coventry city

coventry city

Location within Europe Show map of Europe Coordinates: 52°24′29″N 1°30′38″W  /  52.40806°N 1.51056°W  / 52.40806; -1.51056 Coventry city 52°24′29″N 1°30′38″W  /  52.40806°N 1.51056°W  / 52.40806; -1.51056 Sovereign state United Kingdom Country England Region West Midlands Ceremonial county West Midlands Historic county Warwickshire Administrative HQ Council House Founded 1043 Founded by Leofric, Earl of Mercia Government CV Area code(s) 024 ISO 3166-2 GB-COV ONS code 00CQ (ONS) E08000026 (GSS) OS grid reference SP335785 NUTS 3 UKG33 2018 mid-year estimate [3] 366,785 Ethnicity (2011 Census) [4] 73.8% White (66.6% White British) 16.3% Asian 5.5% Black 2.7% Mixed Race 1.6% Other Website www .coventry .gov .uk Coventry ( / ˈ k ɒ v ən t r i/ ( listen) KOV-ən-tree [5] or / ˈ k ʌ v-/ KUV-) [6] is a city in the West Midlands, England.

It is on the River Sherbourne. Coventry has been a large settlement for centuries, although it was not founded and given its city status until the Middle Ages. The conurbation consists of the Coventry and Bedworth Urban Area, the 20th largest in the country; the city is governed by Coventry City Council.

Historically part of Warwickshire, Coventry had a population of 316,915 at the 2011 census, [7] making it the 9th largest city in England and the 11th largest in the United Coventry city. [8] It is the second largest city in the West Midlands, after Birmingham, from which it is separated by the Meriden Gap.

Coventry is 19 miles (31 km) east-south-east of Birmingham, 24 miles (39 km) south-west of Leicester, 11 miles (18 km) north of Warwick and 95 miles (153 km) north-west of London. Coventry is also the most central city in England, being only 12 miles (18 km) south-west of the country's geographical centre in Leicestershire.

[9] [10] Coventry Cathedral was built after most of the 14th-century cathedral church of Saint Michael was destroyed by the Luftwaffe in the Coventry Blitz of 14 November 1940. Coventry motor companies have contributed significantly to the British motor industry. The city has three universities: Coventry University in the city centre, the University of Warwick on the southern outskirts and the smaller private Arden University with its headquarters close to Coventry Airport.

Coventry was awarded UK City of Culture for 2021. [11] [12] [13] Contents • 1 History • 1.1 Industrial age • 1.2 German bombing of Coventry • 1.3 Post-Second World War • 2 Geography • 2.1 Climate • 2.2 City boundaries • 2.3 Suburbs and other surrounding areas • 2.4 Compass • 2.5 Places of interest • 2.5.1 Cathedral • 2.5.2 Cultural institutions • 3 Demography • 4 Government and politics • 4.1 Local and national government • 4.2 Council affiliation • 4.3 Twinning with other cities; "city of peace and reconciliation" • 5 Arts and culture • 5.1 Literature and drama • 5.2 Music and cinema • 5.3 Customs and traditions • 6 Venues and shopping • 7 Sport • 7.1 Football • 7.2 Rugby Union • 7.3 Rugby League • 7.4 Speedway • 7.5 Ice hockey • 7.6 Stock car racing • 7.7 Cricket • 7.8 Athletics • 7.9 Field coventry city • 7.10 Other • 8 Economy • 8.1 Redevelopment • 8.2 Media • 8.2.1 Radio • 8.2.2 Written media • 8.2.3 Television news • 8.2.4 Digital-only media • 8.3 Electricity • 8.4 Waste management • 9 Transport • 9.1 Road • 9.2 Railway • 9.3 Light rail • 9.4 Bus • 9.5 Air • 9.6 Water • 10 Accent • 10.1 Origins • 10.2 Coventry and Birmingham accents • coventry city Coventry accent on television • 11 Honours • 12 Education • 12.1 Universities and further education colleges • 12.2 Schools • 13 Notable people associated with Coventry • 13.1 History and politics • 13.2 Science, technology and business • 13.3 The arts • 13.4 Sports • 14 Freedom of the City • 14.1 Individuals • 14.2 Military units • 15 See also • 16 References • 17 Further reading • 18 External links History [ edit ] Main article: History of Coventry The Romans founded a settlement in Baginton, next to the River Sowe, and another formed around a Saxon nunnery, founded c.

AD 700 by St Osburga, [14] that coventry city later left in ruins by King Canute's invading Danish army in 1016. Earl Leofric of Mercia and his wife Lady Godiva built on the remains of the nunnery and founded a Benedictine monastery in 1043 dedicated to St Mary. [15] [16] In time, a market was established at the abbey gates and the settlement expanded. Coventry Castle was a motte and bailey castle in the city. It was built in the early 12th century by Ranulf de Gernon, 4th Earl of Chester.

Its first known use was during The Anarchy when Robert Marmion, a supporter of King Stephen, expelled the monks from the adjacent priory of Saint Mary in 1144, and converted it into a fortress from which he waged a battle against the Earl. Marmion perished in the battle. [17] It was demolished in the late 12th century and St Mary's Guildhall was built on part of the site.

It is assumed the name "Broadgate" comes from the area around the castle gates. By the 14th century, Coventry was an important centre of the cloth trade, especially blue cloth dyed with woad and known as Coventry blue. Throughout the Middle Ages, it was one of the largest and most important cities in England.

The bishops coventry city Lichfield were often referred to as bishops of Coventry and Lichfield, or Lichfield and Coventry (from 1102 to 1541). Coventry claimed the status of a city by ancient prescriptive usage, was granted a charter of incorporation in 1345, and in 1451 became a county in its own right.

[18] [19] The plays that William Shakespeare witnessed in Coventry during his boyhood or 'teens' may have influenced how his plays, such as Hamlet, came about. [20] Industrial age [ edit ] Broadgate, Coventry, in 1917 In the 18th and 19th centuries, Coventry became one of the three main British centres of watch and clock manufacture and ranked alongside Prescot, in Lancashire and Clerkenwell in London. [21] [22] As the industry declined, due mainly to competition from Swiss Made clock and watch manufacturers, the skilled pool of workers proved crucial to the setting up of bicycle manufacture and eventually the motorbike, car, machine tool and aircraft industries.

In the late 19th century, Coventry became a major centre of bicycle manufacture. The industry was energised by the invention by James Starley and his nephew John Kemp Starley of the Rover safety bicycle, which was safer and more popular than the pioneering penny-farthing. The company became Rover. By the early 20th century, bicycle manufacture had evolved into motor manufacture, and Coventry became a major centre of the British motor industry.

The research and design headquarters of Jaguar Cars is in the city at their Whitley plant and although vehicle assembly ceased at the Browns Lane plant in 2004, Jaguar's head office returned to the city in 2011, and is also sited in Whitley.

Jaguar is owned by the Indian company, Tata Motors. Coventry precinct with spire of ruined cathedral in the background, before the Coventry 2021 preparations. With many of the city's older properties becoming increasingly unfit for habitation, the coventry city council houses were let to their tenants in 1917. With Coventry's industrial base continuing to soar after the end of the Great War a year later, numerous private and council housing developments took place across the city in the 1920s and 1930s.

The development of a southern by-pass around the city, starting in the 1930s and being completed in 1940, helped deliver more urban areas to the city on previously rural land. German bombing of Coventry [ edit ] Coventry suffered severe bomb damage during the Second World War.

A massive Luftwaffe air raid that the Germans called Operation Moonlight Sonata was part of the " Coventry Blitz", on 14 November 1940 and carrying on to the morning of 15 November 1940. Firebombing on this date led to severe damage to large areas of the city centre and to Coventry's historic cathedral, leaving only a shell and the spire. More than 4,000 houses were damaged or destroyed, along with around three quarters of the city's industrial plants.

Between 380 and 554 people were killed, with thousands injured and homeless. [23] Aside from London, Hull and Plymouth, Coventry suffered more damage than any other British city during the Luftwaffe attacks, with huge firestorms devastating most of the city centre. The city was probably targeted due to its high concentration of armaments, munitions, aircraft and aero-engine plants which contributed greatly to the British war effort, although there have been coventry city that Hitler launched the attack as revenge for the bombing of Munich by the RAF six days before the Coventry Blitz and chose the Midlands city because its medieval heart was regarded as one of the finest in Britain.

Following the raids, the majority of Coventry's historic buildings could not be saved as they were in ruinous states or were deemed unsafe for any future use. Several structures were demolished simply to make way for modern developments which saw the city centre's buildings and road infrastructure altered almost beyond recognition by 1970.

Bombs were often abandoned if they fell in areas of little significant importance to the war effort, and continue to be found during construction work to this day. Many old bombs were found to still be viable explosive devices. On 12 March 2008, an unexploded Luftwaffe bomb was discovered in Coventry's city centre. Police said the device seemed genuine but it was not clear if it was live.

[24] A cordon of 500 metres (1,600 feet) was enforced. The finding of the bomb led to a performance of "One Night in November", a play about the Blitz, being cancelled. [25] A Royal Engineers bomb disposal team conducted a controlled explosion early on the morning of 13 March 2008. [26] Post-Second World War [ edit ] View of Broadgate towards the Upper Precinct and Lower Precinct, part of the city's post-war development under the Gibson Plan Further housing developments in the private and public sector took place after the Second World War, partly to accommodate the growing population of the city and also to replace condemned and bomb damaged properties, including a major coventry city housing district in West Canley which still exists today.

Coventry city the post-war years Coventry was largely rebuilt under the general direction of the Gibson Plan, gaining a new pedestrianised shopping precinct (the first of its kind in Europe on such a scale) and in 1962 Sir Basil Spence's much-celebrated new St Michael's Cathedral (incorporating one of the world's largest tapestries) was consecrated.

Its prefabricated steel spire (flèche) was lowered into place by helicopter. Major expansion to Coventry had taken place previously, in the 1920s and 1930s, to provide housing for the large influx of workers who came to work in the city's booming factories. The coventry city which were expanded or created in this development included Radford, Coundon, Canley, Cheylesmore and Stoke Heath. Coventry's motor industry boomed during the 1950s and 1960s and Coventry enjoyed a 'golden age'.

During this period the disposable income of Coventrians was amongst the highest in the country and both the sports and the arts benefited. A new sports centre, with one of the few Olympic standard swimming pools in the UK, was constructed and Coventry City Football Club reached the First Division of English Football.

The Belgrade Coventry city was also constructed along with the Herbert Art Gallery. Coventry's pedestrianised Precinct shopping area came into its own and was considered one of the finest retail experiences outside London.

In 1965 the new University of Warwick campus was opened to students, and rapidly became one of the country's leading higher-education institutions. Coventry's large industrial base made it attractive to the wave of Asian and Caribbean immigrants who arrived from Commonwealth colonies after 1948. In 1960, one of Britain's first mosques—and the very first in Coventry—was opened on Eagle Street to serve the city's growing Islamic community.

[27] The 1970s, however, saw a decline in the British motor industry and Coventry suffered particularly badly, especially towards the end of that decade. By the early 1980s, Coventry had one of the highest unemployment rates in the country. Some 30 years later, Coventry is now considered one of the UK's safer major cities and has gradually recovered economically with newer industries locating there, although the motor industry continues to decline.

By 2008, only one motor manufacturing plant was operational, that of LTI Ltd, producing the popular TX4 taxi cabs. On 17 March 2010 LTI announced they would no longer be producing bodies and chassis in Coventry, instead producing them in China and shipping them in for final assembly in Coventry.

[28] On the sporting scene, Coventry Rugby Football Club was consistently among the nation's leading rugby football sides from the early 20th century, peaking in the 1970s and 1980s. Association football, on the other hand, was scarcely coventry city claim to fame until 1967, when Coventry City F.C. finally won promotion to the top flight of English football as champions of the Football League Second Division.

[29] They would stay among the elite for the next 34 years, reaching their pinnacle with FA Cup glory in 1987—the first and to date only major trophy in the club's history. [30] Their long stay in the top flight of English football ended in relegation in 2001, [31] and in 2012 they were relegated again to the third tier of English football. Highfield Road, to the east of the city centre, was Coventry City's home for 106 years from 1899.

They finally departed from the stadium in 2005 on their relocation to the 32,600-seat Ricoh Arena some three miles (4.8 kilometres) to the north of the city centre, in the Rowleys Green district.

[32] Since 2000, the city has also been home to one of the most successful ice hockey teams in the country, the Coventry Blaze who are four time Elite League champions, and play their home games at the SkyDome Arena.

Geography [ edit ] Climate [ edit ] As with the rest of the British Isles and the Midlands, Coventry experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters. The nearest Met Office weather station is Coundon/Coventry Bablake. Temperature extremes recorded in Coventry range from −18.2 °C (−0.8 °F) in February 1947, to 35.2 °C (95.4 °F) in July 2020. [33] The lowest temperature reading of recent coventry city was −10.8 °C (12.6 °F) during December 2010.

[34] [35] Climate data for Coventry ( Coundon), [a] elevation: 122 m (400 ft), 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1892–present Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) 14.4 (57.9) 18.1 (64.6) 23 (73) 26.7 (80.1) 30.9 (87.6) 32.4 (90.3) 35.2 (95.4) 35.1 (95.2) 34.2 (93.6) 28.2 (82.8) 20.6 (69.1) 16.4 (61.5) 35.2 (95.4) Average high °C (°F) 7.24 (45.03) 7.93 (46.27) 10.43 (50.77) 13.57 (56.43) 16.77 (62.19) 19.72 (67.50) 21.97 (71.55) 21.51 (70.72) 18.58 (65.44) 14.31 (57.76) 10.15 (50.27) 7.49 (45.48) 14.17 (57.51) Daily mean °C (°F) 4.52 (40.14) 4.84 (40.71) 6.75 (44.15) 9.19 (48.54) 12.23 (54.01) 15.18 (59.32) 17.31 (63.16) 16.98 (62.56) 14.43 (57.97) 10.90 (51.62) 7.26 (45.07) 4.81 (40.66) 10.4 (50.7) Average low °C (°F) 1.79 (35.22) 1.75 (35.15) 3.07 (37.53) 4.81 (40.66) 7.69 (45.84) 10.64 (51.15) 12.64 (54.75) 12.44 (54.39) 10.28 (50.50) 7.49 (45.48) 4.36 (39.85) 2.12 (35.82) 6.62 (43.92) Record low °C (°F) −16.7 (1.9) −18.2 (−0.8) −15.6 (3.9) −6.1 (21.0) −5.0 (23.0) −0.6 (30.9) 3.4 (38.1) 0.8 (33.4) −1.1 (30.0) −4.9 (23.2) −8.9 (16.0) −16.1 (3.0) −18.2 (−0.8) Average precipitation mm (inches) 61.36 (2.42) 46.77 (1.84) 45.6 (1.80) 49.14 (1.93) 52.73 (2.08) 65.84 (2.59) 61.24 (2.41) 66.2 (2.61) 54.88 (2.16) 68.66 (2.70) 64.62 (2.54) 61.26 (2.41) 698.3 (27.49) Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 12.02 10.21 9.81 9.8 9.31 9.29 9.14 9.63 9.48 10.74 12.18 11.72 123.33 Mean monthly sunshine hours 61.36 84.0 115.09 147.17 191.64 184.71 197.55 179.63 137.09 100.6 63.1 60.99 1,507.22 Source 1: Met Office [36] Source 2: BWS [37] [38] Climate coventry city for Coventry Airport, 6km from Coventry Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Average relative humidity (%) 86 83 79 75 74 73 72 74 78 83 87 88 79 Average dew point °C (°F) 2 (36) 2 (36) 3 (37) 5 (41) 7 (45) 10 (50) 12 (54) 12 (54) 10 (50) 8 (46) 5 (41) 3 (37) 7 (44) Source: Time and Date (between 1985-2015) [40] City boundaries [ edit ] Coventry forms the largest part of the Coventry and Bedworth Urban Area.

The city proper covers an area of almost 100 km square. The protected West Midlands Green Belt, which surrounds the city on all sides, has prevented the expansion of the city into both the administrative county of Warwickshire and the metropolitan borough of Solihull (the Meriden Gap), and has helped to prevent the coalescence of the city with surrounding towns such as Kenilworth, Nuneaton, Leamington Spa, Warwick and Rugby as well as the large village of Balsall Common.

Panoramic views of Coventry City Centre from the cathedral tower A • Coventry city Green • Allesley • Allesley Green • Allesley Park • Ash Green B • Coventry city Hill • Bannerbrook Park • Bell Green • Binley • Bishopsgate Green • Brownshill Green C • Canley & Canley Gardens • Cannon Park • Chapelfields • Cheylesmore • Church End • Clifford Park • Copsewood • Coundon • Courthouse Green D • Daimler Green E • Earlsdon • Eastern Green • Edgwick (or Edgewick) • Ernesford (or Ernsford) Grange F • Finham • Fenside • Foleshill G • Gibbet Hill • Gosford Green • Great Heath H • Hearsall Common • Henley Green coventry city Hillfields • Holbrooks I J K • Keresley L • Little Heath • Coventry city M • Middle Stoke • Monks Park • Mount Nod N • Nailcote Grange O P • Pinley • Potters Green Q R • Radford S • Spon End • Stoke • Stoke Heath • Stoke Aldermoor • Stivichall (or Styvechale) T • Tanyard Farm • Tile Hill • Toll Bar End U • Upper Stoke V • Victoria Farm W • Walsgrave-on-Sowe • Westwood Heath • Whitley • Whitmore Park • Whoberley • Willenhall • Wood End • Woodway Park • Wyken Compass [ edit ] The ruins of the old cathedral St Michael's Cathedral is Coventry's best-known landmark and visitor attraction.

The 14th century coventry city was largely destroyed by German bombing during the Second World War, leaving only the outer walls and spire. At 300 feet (91 metres) high, the spire of St Michael's is claimed to be the third tallest cathedral spire in England, after Salisbury and Norwich. [41] Due to the architectural design (in 1940 the tower had no internal wooden floors and a stone vault below the belfry) it survived the destruction of the rest of the cathedral.

The new Coventry Cathedral was opened in 1962 next to the ruins of the old. It was designed by Sir Basil Spence.

The cathedral contains the tapestry Christ in Glory in the Tetramorph by Graham Sutherland. The bronze statue St Michael's Victory over the Devil by Jacob Epstein is mounted on the exterior of the new cathedral near the entrance.

Benjamin Britten's War Requiem, regarded by some as his masterpiece, was written for the opening of the new cathedral. [42] The cathedral was featured in the 2009 film Nativity!. coventry city The spire of the ruined cathedral forms one of the "three spires" which have dominated the city skyline since the 14th century, the others being those of Christ Church (of which only the spire survives) and Holy Trinity Church (which is still in use). Two of Coventry's "three spires" Coventry Cathedral is also notable for being one of the newest cathedrals in the world, having been built following the Second Coventry city War bombing of the ancient cathedral by the Luftwaffe.

Coventry has since developed an international reputation as one of Europe's major cities of peace and reconciliation, [44] centred on its cathedral, and holds an annual Peace Month. [45] John Lennon and Yoko Ono planted two acorns outside the cathedral in June 1968 to thank the city for making friends with others. [46] Cultural institutions [ edit ] The Herbert Art Gallery and Museum is one of the largest cultural institutions in Coventry.

Another visitor attraction in the city centre is Coventry Transport Museum, which has the largest public collection of British-made road vehicles in the world. [47] The most notable exhibits are the world speed record-breaking cars, Thrust2 and ThrustSSC [48] The museum received a refurbishment in 2004 which included the creation of a new entrance as part of the city's Phoenix Initiative project.

It was a finalist for the 2005 Gulbenkian Prize. The £5 million Fargo Village creative quarter shopping precinct was open in 2014 on Far Gosford Street with a mixture of retail units. About four miles (6.4 kilometres) from the city centre and just outside Coventry in Baginton is the Lunt Fort, a reconstructed Roman fort on its original site. The Midland Air Museum is situated just within the perimeter of Coventry on land adjacent to Coventry Airport and near Baginton. Coventry was one of the main centres of watchmaking during the 18th and 19th centuries and as the industry declined, coventry city skilled workers were key to setting up the cycle trade.

A group of local enthusiasts founded a museum in Spon Street. [21] Exhibits in Coventry Police Museum The city's main police station in Little Park Street also hosts a museum of Coventry's police force.

The museum, based underground, is split into two sections—one representing the history of coventry city city's police force, and the other compiling some of the more unusual, interesting and grisly cases from the force's history. The museum is funded from charity donations—viewings can be made by appointment.

Coventry City Farm was a small farm in an urban setting. It was mainly to educate city children who might not get out to the countryside very often. The farm closed in 2008 due to funding problems. [49] Demography [ edit ] Other (1.0%) Coventry ethnicity demographics from the 2011 census [4] Ethnicity Population White (British, Irish, Other) 234,029 Asian (Bangladeshi, Chinese, Indian, Pakistani, Other) 51,598 Black (African, Caribbean, Other) 17,764 Mixed (White & Asian, White & Black African, White & Black Caribbean, Other) 8,230 Arab 2,020 Other 3,319 Coventry has an ethnic minority population which represented 33.4% of the population at the 2011 census.

[50] The ethnic minority population is concentrated in the Foleshill and the St. Michael's wards. [4] Islam is the largest non-Christian religion, but the composition of the ethnic minority population is not typical of the UK with significant numbers of other South Asians. Both Sikh and Hindu religions are represented significantly higher than in the rest of the West Midlands in coventry city.

[51] • 66.6% identify as White British, compared to 79.2% in the West Midlands Region and 79.8% in England. [50] • 33.4% identify as non-White British, compared to 20.8% in the West Midlands Region and 20.2% in England. The non-White British population identifies as follows: • 7.2% as Other White ( White Irish, Irish Traveller and White Other, including mostly other Europeans), compared to 3.6% in the West Midlands Region and 5.7% in England.

• 2.7% identify as Mixed/Multiple-ethnic group, compared to 2.4% in the West Midlands Region and 2.2% in England. • 16.3% identify as Asian/Asian British (including Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Chinese and other South Asian groups), compared to 10.8% in the West Midlands Region and 7.7% in England.

• 5.5% identify as Black/Black British (including Black African, Black Caribbean and other black), compared to 3.2% in the West Midlands Region and 3.4% in England. • 1.6% identify as Other (including Arab and others), compared to 0.9% in the West Midlands Region and 1.0% in England. Coventry has a large student population (approximately 15,000 are non-UK [52]) who are in the UK for 12 months or longer that are included in these figures.

Figures from the Coventry Inspires Image Group state 'Ethnic Minorities' at 13 per cent. [53] 0.5% Year Total population [55] 1801 21,853 1851 48,120 1901 88,107 1911 117,958 1921 144,197 1931 176,303 1941 214,380 1951 260,685 1961 296,016 1971 336,136 1981 310,223 1991 305,342 2001 300,844 2007 306,700 2009 309,800 2010 310,500 2011 316,960 [56] 2013 329,810 [57] 2014 337,428 [58] 2015 345,385 [59] 2016 352,911 [60] 2017 360,100 [61] 2018 366,785 [62] Coventry religious demographics from the 2011 census [54] Religion Population Christian 170,090 No Religion 72,896 Muslim 23,665 Undeclared 20,327 Coventry city 15,912 Hindu 11,152 Buddhist 1,067 Jewish 210 Other 1,641 According to the 2011 Census, 53.7% (170,090) of residents identified themselves as Christian making Christianity the largest followed religion in the city.

Islam was the second most followed religion with 7.5% (23,665) of residents identifying with the religion. 5.0% (15,912) of Coventry's population were Sikh, disproportionately larger than the national average in England of 0.8%. Hindus made up 3.5% (11,152) of the resident population followed by Buddhists at 0.3% (1,067) and Jews at 0.1% (210) respectively.

The adherents of other religions made up 0.5% (1,641) of the city's population. Almost a quarter of Coventry residents, 23.0% (72,896), identified themselves as having no religion and 6.4% did not declare any religion.

[63] Government and politics [ edit ] Local and national government [ edit ] The Council House, Coventry Traditionally a part of Warwickshire (although it was a county in its own right for 400 years), Coventry became an independent county borough in 1889.

It later became a metropolitan district of the West Midlands county under the Local Government Act 1974, even though it was entirely separate to the Birmingham conurbation area (this is why Coventry appears to unnaturally "jut out" into Warwickshire on political maps of the UK). In 1986, the West Midlands County Council was abolished and Coventry became administered as an effective unitary authority in its own right.

Coventry is administered by Coventry City Council, controlled since 2010 by the Labour Party, and led since May 2016 by George Duggins.

[64] The city is divided up into 18 Wards each with three councillors. The chairman of the council is the Lord Mayor, who has a casting vote. Certain local services are provided by West Midlands wide agencies including the West Midlands Police, the West Midlands Fire Service and Transport for West Midlands (Centro) which is responsible for public transport. In 2006, Coventry and Warwickshire Ambulance Service was merged with the West Midlands Ambulance Service.

The Warwickshire and Northamptonshire Air Ambulance service is based at Coventry Airport in Baginton. Coventry is represented in Parliament by three Members of Parliament (MPs) all of whom are from the Labour Party.

They are: • Colleen Fletcher – ( Coventry North Coventry city • Zarah Sultana – ( Coventry South) • Taiwo Owatemi – ( Coventry North West) Up until 1997, Coventry was represented by four Members of Parliament, whereupon the Coventry South West and Coventry South East constituencies were merged to form Coventry South.

On Thursday 19 May 2016, Councillor Lindsley Harvard was inaugurated Lord Mayor of Coventry for 2016–2017 as Coventry's 65th Lord Mayor. Councillor Lindsley Harvard has been a Labour Councillor serving on the council for fourteen years, for Earlsdon Ward (1996–2000) and for Longford Ward since 2006. [65] On Thursday 19 May 2016, Councillor Tony Skipper was inaugurated as the Deputy Lord Mayor of Coventry for 2016 – 2017.

He has been a Labour councillor since 1995; representing Earlsdon Ward between 1995–2001 and then Radford Ward since 2001. [66] The Bishop of Coventry is Christopher John Cocksworth, who was consecrated on 3 July 2008. [67] Council affiliation [ edit ] In May 2016, it was as follows [68] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United Kingdom Coventry and Stalingrad (now Volgograd) were the world's first 'twin' cities when they established a twinning relationship during the Second World War.

[69] [70] The relationship developed through ordinary people in Coventry who wanted to show their support for the Soviet Red Army during the Battle of Stalingrad.

coventry city

{INSERTKEYS} [71] The city was also subsequently twinned with Dresden, as a gesture of peace and reconciliation following the Second World War. Each twin city country is represented in a specific ward of the city and in each ward has a peace garden dedicated to that twin city.

Coventry is now twinned with 26 places across the world: [72] [73] On 22 March 2022, Coventry City Council voted unaniumously to suspend the twinning arrangement with Volgograd in light of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

[74] City Country Year twinned Ward Graz [72] [73] [75] Austria 1957 Binley & Willenhall Sarajevo [72] [73] Bosnia and Herzegovina 1957 Cheylesmore Cornwall, Ontario [72] [73] Canada 1972 Earlsdon Granby, Quebec [72] [73] 1963 Windsor, Ontario [72] [73] 1963 Jinan [72] [73] China 1983 Foleshill Lidice [72] [73] Czech Republic 1947 Henley Ostrava [72] [73] 1959 Caen [72] [73] [76] France 1957 Longford Saint-Étienne [72] [73] [76] 1955 Dresden [72] [73] Germany 1959 Lower Stoke Kiel [72] [73] 1947 Dunaújváros [72] [73] Hungary 1962 Radford Kecskemét [72] [73] 1962 Bologna [72] [73] Italy 1960 Sherbourne Kingston [72] [73] Jamaica 1962 St Michael's Arnhem [72] [73] Netherlands 1958 Upper Stoke Warsaw [72] [73] Poland 1957 Wainbody Cork [72] [73] [77] Ireland 1958 Holbrooks Galați [72] [73] Romania 1962 Westwood Volgograd/Stalingrad [72] [73] (suspended) [74] Russia 1944 Whoberley Belgrade [72] [73] Serbia 1957 Woodlands Coventry, Connecticut [72] [73] United States 1962 Wyken Coventry, New York [72] [73] 1972 Coventry, Rhode Island [72] [73] 1971 Arts and culture [ edit ] Godiva Festival, a major event on the Coventry arts and culture calendar On 7 December 2017 it was announced that the city would be the 2021 UK City of Culture, being the third such place to hold the title after Derry in 2013 and Hull in 2017.

[78] Literature and drama [ edit ] • The poet Philip Larkin was born and brought up in Coventry, [79] where his father was the City Treasurer. • During the early 19th century, Coventry was well known due to author George Eliot who was born near Nuneaton.

The city was the model for her famous novel Middlemarch (1871). • The Coventry Carol is named after the city of Coventry. It was a carol performed in the play The Pageant of the Shearman and Tailors, written in the 15th century as one of the Coventry Cycle Mystery Plays. These plays depicted the nativity story, the lyrics of the Coventry Carol referring to the Annunciation to the Massacre of the Innocents, which was the basis of the Pageant of the Shearmen and Tailors.

These plays were traditionally performed on the steps of the (old) cathedral. The Belgrade Theatre brought back the Coventry Mystery Plays in 2000 to mark the city's millennium celebrations: the theatre now produces the Mystery Plays every three years.

• The Belgrade Theatre was Britain's first purpose-built civic theatre, opened in 1958. In 1965 the world's first Theatre-in-Education (TiE) company was formed to develop theatre as a way of inspiring learning in schools. The TiE movement spread worldwide, the theatre still offers a number of programmes for young people across Coventry and has been widely recognised as a leader in the field.

It was reopened in 2007 following a period of refurbishment. [80] • Novelist Graham Joyce, winner of the O Henry Award is from Keresley. His World Fantasy Award-winning novel " The Facts of Life" is set in Coventry during the blitz and in the post-war rebuilding period. • The playwright [Alan Pollock] [81] was brought up in Coventry. Other playwrights associated with the city include Nick Walker and Chris O'Connell – founder of the city's Theatre Absolute.

Music and cinema [ edit ] During the late-1970s and early 80s, Coventry was the centre of the Two Tone musical phenomenon, with bands such as The Specials and The Selecter coming from the city. The Specials achieved two UK number 1 hit singles between 1979–81, namely " Too Much Too Young" and " Ghost Town". Coventry has a range of music events including an international jazz programme, the Coventry Jazz Festival, and the Godiva Festival.

On the Saturday of the Godiva Festival, a carnival parade starts in the city centre and makes its way to War Memorial Park where the festival is held. Coventry's music is celebrated at The Coventry Music Museum, part of the 2-Tone Village complex. In the film The Italian Job, the famous scene of Mini Coopers being driven at speed through Turin's sewers was actually filmed in Coventry, using what were then the country's biggest sewer pipes, that were accessible because they were being installed.

More recently various locations in Coventry have been used in the BAFTA nominated film The Bouncer starring Ray Winstone, All in the Game, also starring Ray Winstone (Ricoh Arena), the medical TV series Angels (Walsgrave Hospital), the BBC sitcom Keeping Up Appearances (Stoke Aldermoor and Binley Woods districts) and in August 2006 scenes from " The Shakespeare Code", an episode of the third series of Doctor Who, were filmed in the grounds of Ford's Hospital.

The 2013 ITV comedy-drama Love and Marriage was also set in the city. Coventry is home to three major feature films the Nativity! franchise which are all shot and set in the city.

These Christmas films have all reached top box office spots on their release in UK cinemas. Their writer and director the Bafta award-winning Debbie Isitt is resident in the city. Customs and traditions [ edit ] Coventry Godcakes are a regional delicacy, originating from the 14th century and still baked today. [82] Cheesy Meatsticks are an emerging food trend mainly in the BBQ season. Venues and shopping [ edit ] Warwick Arts Centre in Warwick University Campus in the 1990s There are several theatre, art and music venues in Coventry attracting popular sporting events and singing musicians.

Along with this, the city has several retail parks located out of the city centre and its own shopping mall in the heart of the city: • Warwick Arts Centre: situated at the University of Warwick, Warwick Arts Centre includes an art gallery, a theatre, a concert hall and a cinema.

• FarGo Village, a creative quarter with various independent businesses • Albany Theatre: is the city's main community theatre. It is housed at what used to be the Butts Centre of City College Coventry. Known as the Butts or College Theatre, it closed in 2009 with the sale of the college to private developers.

The theatre re-opened in 2013 as the Albany Theatre, as part of the Premier Inn hotel on the site of the former Butts Technical College and is run as a charitable trust with support from the council. • Belgrade Theatre: one of the largest producing theatres in Britain, the 858-seat Belgrade was the first civic theatre to be opened in the UK following the Second World War. The theatre underwent a huge redevelopment and reopened in September 2007; in addition to refurbishing the existing theatre, the redevelopment included a new 250-seat studio auditorium known as B2, a variety of rehearsal spaces and an exhibition space that traces the history of theatre in Coventry.

It is surrounded by Belgrade Plaza. • Coventry Building Society Arena: located 4 miles (6.4 kilometres) north of the city centre, the 32,600 capacity sports stadium which is home to the city's only professional football team Coventry City, who play in the second tier of English football, and is also used to hold major rock concerts for some of the world's biggest acts, including Oasis, Bon Jovi, Coldplay, Lady Gaga, Rod Stewart, Kings of Leon and the Red Hot Chili Peppers.

It was also one of the venues chosen for the footballing events at the 2012 Olympic Games. The adjacent Jaguar Exhibition Hall is a 6,000-seat events venue for hosting a multitude of other acts. • SkyDome Arena, which is a 3,000 capacity sports auditorium, and has played host to artists such as Girls Aloud, Paul Oakenfold and Judge Jules. It is the home ground for Coventry Blaze ice hockey club, and has also hosted professional wrestling events from WWE, TNA and Pro Wrestling Noah • War Memorial Park—known by locals simply as the Memorial Park—which holds various festivals including the Godiva Festival and the Coventry Caribbean Festival, every year.

It also host the weekly Parkrun event. • Butts Park Arena, home of Coventry Rugby Football Club and Coventry Bears Rugby League Club, holds music concerts occasionally. • Criterion Theatre, a small theatre, in Earlsdon. • Coombe Country Park, although outside the city boundary, Coventry City Council's only country park.

Broadgate Square in Coventry • The Wave – an indoor water park and spa, owned and operated by Coventry City Council, was opened in 2019. • Herbert Art Gallery and Museum - a museum, art gallery, records archive, learning centre, media studio and creative arts facility on Jordan Well, Coventry.

Sport [ edit ] Coventry Building Society Arena Club Sport Founded League Venue Coventry City F.C. Football 1883 EFL Championship Coventry Building Society Arena Coventry Sphinx L.F.C. Football 2012 West Midlands Regional Women's Football League Coventry Sphinx Sports and Social Club Coventry United L.F.C Football 2015 FA Women's Championship Butts Park Arena Wasps R.F.C.

Rugby union 1867 relocated to Coventry 2014 English Premiership Coventry Building Society Arena Coventry R.F.C. Rugby union 1874 RFU Championship Butts Park Arena Midlands Hurricanes Rugby league 1998 League 1 Butts Park Arena Coventry Bees Speedway 1928 Coventry Blaze Ice hockey 2000 Elite Ice Hockey League SkyDome Arena Broadstreet R.F.C.

Rugby Union 1929 National League 2 (North) Ivor Preece Field Coventry Jets American Football 2003 BAFA National Leagues Coventry Sphinx Sports and Social Club Coventry Sphinx F.C.

Football 1946 Midland Football League Premier Division Coventry Sphinx Sports and Social Club Coventry United F.C. Football 2013 Midland Football League Premier Division Butts Park Arena Football [ edit ] There are two professional football teams representing the city: Coventry City F.C.

of the EFL Championship in men's football and Coventry United L.F.C. of the FA Women's Championship in women's football. Coventry City F.C., formed in 1883 as "Singers F.C.". Nicknamed the Sky Blues, the club competes in the EFL Championship (second tier of English football), but spent 34 years from 1967 to 2001 in the top tier of English football, winning the FA Cup in 1987. They were founder members of the Premier League in 1992. In 2005, Coventry City moved to the 32,600 capacity Ricoh Arena which opened in the Rowleys Green district of the city.

The 2013–14 season saw the football club begin a ground share with Northampton Town F.C. at Sixfields Stadium, Northampton, which lasted until their return to the Ricoh Arena in September 2014. The 2019–20 season saw the Sky Blues once again playing their home fixtures out of Coventry, at Birmingham City's St Andrew's Stadium. This arrangement continued until August 2021, when Coventry moved back to the newly-renamed Coventry Building Society Arena.

Coventry United L.F.C. play at the Butts Park Arena and were originally Coventry City Ladies before the Sky Blues discontinued their women's team, at which point they affiliated with Coventry United, and rose through the divisions to their current position in the second-tier of the women's game. Aside from these clubs, there are several other clubs in the city playing non-league football.

Coventry Sphinx, Coventry Alvis, Coventry Copsewood and Coventry United all play in the Midland Football League. Both Coventry University and the University of Warwick compete in the British Universities and Colleges Sport (BUCS) football competitions. For the 2014–15 season, the Coventry University men's 1st team compete in BUCS Midlands 1a, while the University of Warwick men's 1st team competes in BUCS Midlands 2a.

Both institutions' women's 1st teams both play in BUCS Midlands 2a. Rugby Union [ edit ] At the beginning of the 2014–15 season, there were 14 clubs based in Coventry, playing at various levels of the English rugby union system. However, on 21 December 2014, this rose to 15, when Aviva Premiership club Wasps played their first home game at the Ricoh Arena, completing their relocation to the city. This followed Wasps' purchase of Arena Coventry Limited (the company which runs the Ricoh Arena).

The club announced that they will build a new 'state of the art' training complex in the area by 2016. [83] Coventry Rugby Football Club play in the RFU Championship, the second tier of the English rugby union system. The club enjoyed national success during the 1950s, the 1960s and 1970s, with many of its players playing for their countries, notable players include Ivor Preece, Peter Jackson, David Duckham, Fran Cotton and Danny Grewcock.

From 1921 to 2004, the club played at Coundon Road Stadium. Their current home ground is the Butts Park Arena, which was opened in 2004. Broadstreet R.F.C are the only other club to play in a 'National league', currently playing in National Division 2 North. There are a further 12 clubs playing in the Midland divisions of the English Rugby Union system. In 2015, they included Barkers Butts RFC, Dunlop RFC, Earlsdon RFC, Pinley, Old Coventrians, Coventrians, Coventry Welsh, Stoke Old Boys RFC, Copsewood RFC, Keresley RFC, Old Wheatleyans RFC and Trinity Guild RFC.

Both Coventry University and the University of Warwick compete in the British Universities and Colleges Sport (BUCS) Rugby competitions. Rugby League [ edit ] Midlands Hurricanes are the major rugby league team in the city. Originally known as Coventry Bears, the Hurricanes compete in the Betfred League 1, as a semi-professional team in the third tier of the game.

They play their home matches at the Butts Park Arena. In 2002, the club won the Rugby League Conference, and took the step up to the national leagues. In 2004, they won the National Division 3 title and have appeared in the Challenge Cup. In 2015 the Bears entered their reserve team into the Conference League South league, a level below the first team under the name Coventry Bears Reserves playing home games at the Xcel Leisure Centre.

Both Coventry University and the University of Warwick compete in the British Universities and Colleges Sport (BUCS) Midlands 1a competition. Speedway [ edit ] Coventry Speedway was based at Brandon Stadium (also known as Coventry Stadium). The stadium is located just outside the city in the village of Brandon, Warwickshire (6 miles (9.7 kilometres) to the east of the city).

The stadium operated both sides of the Second World War. Before the Second World War speedway also operated for a short time at Foleshill Stadium, off Lythalls Lane in the city. Between 1998 and 2000, Coventry Stadium hosted the Speedway Grand Prix of Great Britain. The Coventry Bees started in 1948 and have operated continuously until the end of the 2018 season. They started out in the National League Division Three before moving up to the Second Division and, later to the top flight.

The Bees were crowned League Champions on nine occasions (1953, 1968, 1978, 1979, 1987, 1988, 2005, 2007 and 2010). Amongst the top speedway riders who represented Coventry teams were Tom Farndon, Jack Parker, Arthur Forrest, Nigel Boocock, Kelvin Tatum, Chris Harris, Scott Nicholls, Emil Sayfutdinov and World Champions Ole Olsen, Hans Nielsen, Greg Hancock, Billy Hamill, Ronnie Moore and Jack Young. In 2007, the Bees won the domestic speedway treble of Elite League, Knock-out Cup and Craven Shield, while Chris Harris won both the Speedway Grand Prix of Great Britain and the British Championship.

The Bees retained the Craven Shield in 2008, and Chris Harris added further British Championship victories in both 2009 and 2010. The Elite League Championship Trophy returned to Brandon in 2010 when the Bees convincingly beat Poole Pirates in the play-off finals. [84] The Coventry Storm, an offshoot of the senior team, competed in the National League.

In 2017, the stadium became unavailable for motorsports, with new owners Brandon Estates pursuing planning permission for housing – thus, neither Coventry team was able to compete in the leagues, although a number of challenge matches were undertaken on opposition teams' tracks.

For 2018, Coventry Bees were entered into the National League, the third tier of British Speedway, riding their home meetings at the Paul Chapman and Sons Arena, Beaumont Park, Leicester – the home of Leicester Lions.

The team has not operated since then. Ice hockey [ edit ] The Coventry Blaze (currently known as the Genting Casino Coventry Blaze, for sponsorship reasons) are one of the founding team of the Elite Ice Hockey League. They compete in the Erhardt Conference and play their matches at the SkyDome Arena. In 2002–2003, they won the British National League and Playoffs.

They have won the Elite League Championship four times (2005, 2007, 2008 and 2010). The team has twice won the British Challenge Cup, in 2005 & 2007. The 2004–05 EIHL season saw the club win the Grandslam (namely the Championship, the Challenge Cup and the Playoffs).

To date, they remain the only team since the formation of the Elite League to achieve this feat. The club remains the most successful club in the Elite League era.

The club also run a successful academy system, developing the young players of Coventry, Warwickshire and beyond. The NIHL Coventry Blaze, an offshoot of the senior team and official affiliate of the Blaze, currently compete in the National Ice Hockey League. The Coventry Phoenix is the city's only women's team; currently competing in Division One (North) of the British Women's Leagues. There are also several recreational ice hockey teams (male and female) that play in the city.

The Coventry and Warwick Panthers are members of the British Universities Ice Hockey Association. The 'A' team compete in "Checking 1 South", 'B' in "Non-Checking 1 South" and 'C' in "Non-Checking 2 South". Stock car racing [ edit ] Coventry Stadium held BriSCA Formula 1 Stock Cars from 1954 till 2016, the longest serving track in the UK to race continuously.

[85] The first meeting was held on 30 June 1954, the first heat being won by Percy 'Hellcat' Brine, he also won the meeting Final.

Up to the end of 2013, the stadium had held 483 BriSCA F1 meetings. [86] It held the BriSCA Formula 1 Stock Cars World Championship many times since 1960. As with speedway, Stock Car racing ceased in 2017 because of the unavailability of the stadium.

Cricket [ edit ] The city's current leading cricket clubs are Standard Cricket Club and Coventry and North Warwickshire Cricket Club. Both clubs are competing in the Premier division of the Warwickshire Cricket League as of 2019, where Standard Cricket Club were Runners up in 2018. Historically, first class county games were played by Warwickshire C.C.C.

at the Courtaulds Ground from 1949 up to 1982. After Courtaulds Ground was closed, Warwickshire played several games at Coventry and North Warwickshire Cricket Club at Binley Road. Athletics [ edit ] The Coventry Godiva Harriers, established in 1879, are the leading athletics club in the area. The club has numerous athletes competing for championships both nationally and internationally.

Notable members (past and present) include: • Basil Heatley; former world record holder for the Marathon and Silver medalist in the 1964 Summer Olympics. • David Moorcroft; Gold medalist in the 1500m at the 1978 Commonwealth Games and in the 5000m at the 1982 Commonwealth Games. He is the former World 5000m record holder and still holds the British 3000m record. • Marlon Devonish; individually in his senior career, he won Gold for the 200m at the 2003 World Indoor Championship and silver at the 2002 Commonwealth Games.

However, he has had great success as a relay runner in the 4 × 100 m, winning Gold medals at the 2004 Summer Olympics, 1998 Commonwealth Games, 2002 Commonwealth Games and the 2010 Commonwealth Games. He also won bronze at World and European level at both his distances. Field hockey [ edit ] A field hockey club in the city is Coventry & North Warwickshire Hockey Club, which was established in 1895.

Based at the Coventry University Sports Ground, the club runs 4 men's and two ladies' sides, as well as a junior section. The men's first XI currently compete in Midlands Division 1 of the Midland Regional Hockey Association (MHRA), while the ladies' first XI compete in Warwickshire Women's Hockey League Division 1.

Other teams in the city include: • Sikh Union: Men's 1st XI – (MHRA West Midlands Premier) • Berkswell & Balsall Common Men's 1st XI – (MHRA East Midlands 1); Women's 1st XI – (Warwickshire Women's Hockey League Division 2) The University of Warwick field men's teams both in the MHRA and the British Universities and Colleges Sport (BUCS) hockey competitions.

They compete in MHRA Midlands 2 and in BUCS Midlands 2b. The women's first XI compete in BUCS Midlands 3a. Coventry University men's first XI play in BUCS Midlands 3b, while the women's first XI compete in BUCS Midlands 2a. Other [ edit ] In 2005, Coventry became the first city in the UK to host the International Children's Games and three of the city sports teams won significant honours. [87] The Blaze won the treble consisting of Elite League, playoff and Challenge Cup; the Jets won the BAFL Division 2 championship and were undefeated all season; and the Bees won the Elite League playoffs.

Economy [ edit ] Coventry's skyline (view from the footbridge over the railway by Central 6 shopping centre). The three spires are: Holy Trinity (left), remaining spire of the ruined (bombed) cathedral and the remaining spire of the ruined Christ Church (right). Historically Coventry was the most important seat of ribbon-making in the UK. In this industry it competed locally with Norwich and Leicester and internationally with Saint-Étienne in France.

Coventry has been a centre of motor and cycle manufacturing. Starting with Coventry Motette, The Great Horseless Carriage Company, Swift Motor Company, Humber, Hillman, Riley, Francis-Barnett and Daimler and the Triumph motorcycle having its origins in 1902 in a Coventry factory. The Massey-Ferguson tractor factory was situated on Banner Lane, Tile Hill, until it closed in the late 1990s.

Although the motor industry has declined almost to the point of extinction, the Jaguar company has retained its corporate headquarters in the city (at Whitley) and an Advanced R&D team at the University of Warwick, while Peugeot still have a large parts centre in Humber Road despite the closure of its Ryton factory (formerly owned by the Rootes Group) just outside the city in December 2006 with the loss of more than 2,000 jobs – denting the economy of Coventry shortly before the onset of a recession which sparked further economic decline and high unemployment.

The Standard Motor Company opened a car factory at Canley in the south of the city in 1918, occupying a former munitions factory. This site was later expanded and produced Triumph cars after the Standard brand was phased out by BMC during the 1960s.

In August 1980, however, it was closed down as part of British Leyland's rationalisation process, although the Triumph brand survived for another four years on cars produced at other British Leyland factories. The closure of the Triumph car factory was perhaps the largest blow to Coventry's economy during the early 1980s economic decline. The famous London black cab taxis are produced in Coventry by LTI and these are now the only vehicles still wholly built in Coventry.

The manufacture of machine tools was once a major industry in Coventry. Alfred Herbert Ltd became one of the largest machine tool companies in the world. In later years the company faced competition from foreign machine tool builders and ceased trading in 1983. Other Coventry machine tool manufacturers included A.C.

Wickman, and Webster & Bennett. The last Coventry machine tool manufacturer was Matrix Churchill which was forced to close in the wake of the Iraqi Supergun (Project Babylon) scandal.

Coventry's main industries include: cars, electronic equipment, machine tools, agricultural machinery, man-made fibres, aerospace components and telecommunications equipment. In recent years, the city has moved away from manufacturing industries towards business services, finance, research, design and development and creative industries. This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Coventry at current basic prices by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling: [88] Year Regional Gross Value Added 1 Agriculture 2 Industry 3 Services 4 1995 3,407 3 1,530 1,874 2000 4,590 3 1,873 2,714 2003 5,103 2 1,529 3,572 Notes: • Components may not sum to totals due to rounding • Includes hunting and forestry • Includes energy and construction • Includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured Redevelopment [ edit ] Millennium Square by night, showing the Time Zone Clock designed by Francoise Schein with the Whittle Arch soaring above Major improvements continue to regenerate the city centre.

The Phoenix Initiative, which was designed by MJP Architects, reached the final shortlist for the 2004 RIBA Stirling Prize and has now won a total of 16 separate awards.

It was published in the book 'Phoenix : Architecture/Art/Regeneration' in 2004. [89] Further major developments are potentially afoot, particularly the Swanswell Project, which is intended to deepen Swanswell Pool and link it to Coventry Canal Basin, coupled with the creation of an urban marina and a wide Parisian-style boulevard. A possible second phase of the Phoenix Initiative is also in the offing, although both of these plans are still on the drawing-board.

On 16 December 2007, IKEA's first city centre store in the UK was opened, in Coventry. [90] [91] On 4 February 2020, it was announced that IKEA's Coventry city centre store was to close the same year due to changing shopping habits and consistent losses at the store.

[92] The River Sherbourne runs under Coventry's city centre; the river was paved over during the rebuilding after the Second World War and is not commonly known. When the new rebuild of Coventry city centre takes place from 2017 onwards, it is planned that river will be re-opened, and a river walk way will be placed alongside it in parts of the city centre. [93] In April 2012, the pedestrianisation of Broadgate was completed. [94] Media [ edit ] Radio [ edit ] The local radio stations include: • BBC CWR: 94.8 FM • Capital Mid-Counties (formerly Touch FM): 96.2 FM • Free Coventry & Warwickshire (formally known as Mercia Sound and Mercia FM): 97.0 FM • Greatest Hits West Midlands: 1359 AM • Fresh (Coventry & Warwickshire): DAB Written media [ edit ] The main local newspapers are: • Coventry Telegraph: a paid for newspaper printed Monday to Saturday, owned by Trinity Mirror.

• Coventry Observer Television news [ edit ] The city is covered on regional TV News by: • BBC Midlands Today: run by the British public service broadcaster.

• ITV News Central Digital-only media [ edit ] • HelloCov: an online news website founded in 2018. [95] • Coventry Times Electricity [ edit ] Electricity was first supplied to Coventry in 1895 from Coventry power station off Sandy Lane adjacent to the canal (now Electric Wharf). A larger 130 MW power station was built at Longford in 1928, this operated until 1976, and was subsequently demolished.

[96] Waste management [ edit ] The city centre at night, seen in April 2013 Coventry has an energy from waste incinerator [97] which burns rubbish from both Coventry and Solihull, producing electricity for the National Grid and some hot water that is used locally through the Heatline project.

[98] Rubbish is still put into landfill. • Many areas of Coventry have kerb-side plastic, metal (tins and cans), and paper recycling. Garden-green rubbish is collected and composted. • Waste materials can be taken to the recycling depot, which is adjacent to the incineration unit.

• There are recycling points throughout the city for paper, glass recycling and metal / tin can recycling. In October 2006, Coventry City Council signed the Nottingham Declaration, joining 130 other UK councils in committing to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of the council and to help the local community do the same. Transport [ edit ] Coventry Canal Basin Road [ edit ] Coventry is near the M1, M6, M40, M45 and M69 motorways.

The M45, which is situated a few miles to the south-east of the city, was opened in 1959 as a spur to the original section of the M1 motorway, which linked London with the Midlands. This was, in effect, the first motorway to serve Coventry, as the section of the M6 north of the city did not open until 1971 and the M69 between Coventry and Leicester opened five years later.

The M40, which is connected to the city via the A46, is 12 miles (19 kilometres) south of the city centre, south of Warwick and gives the city's residents an alternative dual carriageway and motorway route to London.

It is served by the A45 and A46 dual carriageways. The A45 originally passed through the centre of the city, but was re-routed in the 1930s on the completion of the Coventry Southern Bypass, with westbound traffic heading in the direction of Birmingham and eastbound traffic in the direction of Northampton.

The A46 was re-routed to the east of the city in 1989 on completion of the Coventry Eastern Bypass, which directly leads to the M6/M69 interchange. To the south, it gives a direct link to the M40, making use of the existing Warwick and Kenilworth bypasses. Coventry has an inner ring road which was completed in the early 1970s and Phoenix Way, a dual-carriageway running north–south completed in 1995, linking the city centre with the M6 motorway.

Railway [ edit ] Coventry railway station is served by the West Coast Main Line, with services provided by Avanti West Coast, CrossCountry and West Midlands Trains.

Inter-city rail services between London, Birmingham and Wolverhampton stop here. It is also served by railway lines to Nuneaton via Bedworth. There is a line linking it to Leamington Spa and onwards to the south coast. Coventry has three suburban railway stations at Coventry Arena, Canley and Tile Hill.

Coventry Arena, serving the north of city on the Coventry to Nuneaton Line, opened in January 2016 primarily for the Ricoh Arena where football, rugby matches and concerts usually take place. Avanti West Coast operate fast inter-city services to London, other cities in the West Midlands, north-west England ( Preston, Carlisle) and Scotland ( Glasgow and Edinburgh).

CrossCountry provide services to the south coast of England ( Southampton and Bournemouth) and northern England ( Manchester). London Northwestern (a trade name of West Midlands Trains) provides stopping services to Liverpool and Rugeley, in addition to London and other towns in between. Light rail [ edit ] A light rail system is planned for Coventry, known as Coventry Very Light Rail.

The first vehicle came off the production line in March 2021, and the first line, to University Hospital Coventry is proposed to be operational by 2024.

[99] Bus [ edit ] Bus operators in Coventry include National Express Coventry, Arriva Midlands and Stagecoach in Warwickshire. Pool Meadow bus station is the main bus and coach interchange in the city centre. Coventry has a single Park and Ride service from War Memorial Park served by Stagecoach in Warwickshire. From Pool Meadow bus station, there are national coach links to major towns and cities, seaside towns, ferry ports and events with National Express, with four stands (A, B,C and D).

[100] Coventry is set to receive 130 electric buses by 2023 and aims to have all buses being electric by 2025. [101] Air [ edit ] The nearest major airport is Birmingham Airport, some 11 miles (18 km) to the west of the city.

Coventry Airport, located 5 miles (8 km) south of the city centre in Baginton, is now used for general aviation only. Water [ edit ] The Coventry Canal terminates near the city centre at Coventry Canal Basin and is navigable for 38 miles (61 km) to Fradley Junction in Staffordshire.

Accent [ edit ] Origins [ edit ] Coventry in a linguistic sense looks both ways, towards both the 'West' and 'East' Midlands. [102] One thousand years ago, the extreme west of Warwickshire (what today we would designate Birmingham and the Black Country) was separated from Coventry and east Warwickshire by the forest of Arden, with resulting inferior means of communication. [102] The west Warwickshire settlements too were smaller in comparison to Coventry which, by the 14th century, was England's third city.

[102] Even as far back as Anglo-Saxon times Coventry—situated as it was, close to Watling Street—was a trading and market post between King Alfred's Saxon Mercia and Danelaw England with a consequent merging of dialects. [103] Coventry and Birmingham accents [ edit ] Phonetically the accent of Coventry, like the perhaps better known accent of Birmingham, is similar to Northern English with respect to its system of short vowels.

For example, it lacks the BATH/TRAP (Cov. /baθ/, Southern /bɑːθ/) and FOOT/STRUT (Cov. /strʊt/, Southern /strʌt/) splits. [103] Yet the longer vowels in the accent also contain traces of Estuary English such as a partial implementation of the London diphthong shift, increasingly so amongst the young since 1950.

We also see other Estuary English features, such as a /l/-vocalisation whereby words such as 'milk' come to be pronounced as /mɪʊk/. [103] However, the distinction between Coventry and Birmingham accents is often overlooked.

Certain features of the Birmingham accent (e.g. occasional tapping of prevocalic /r/ in words such as 'crack') stop starkly as one moves beyond Solihull in the general direction of Coventry, a possible approximation of the 'Arden Forest' divide perhaps. In any case, Coventry sits right at a dialectal crossroads, very close to isoglosses that generally delineate 'Northern' and 'Southern' dialects, exhibiting features from both sides of the divide.

[103] Coventry accent on television [ edit ] Dramatic representations on film have been very uneven down the years. The BBC's 2009 documentary The Bombing of Coventry contained useful phonetic data on the 'Coventry Accent' in the form of interviews with Coventrians. A recent [ when?] performance from the actress Becci Gemmell, playing Coventry character Joyce in the BBC drama Land Girls, also gave a more accurate phonetic representation of the accent. [104] Honours [ edit ] A minor planet, 3009 Coventry, discovered by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh in 1973, is named after the city.

[105] Education [ edit ] The Alan Berry building, Coventry University. Coventry has two universities; Coventry University is situated on a modern city centre campus while the University of Warwick lies 3.5 miles (5.6 kilometres) to the south of the city centre. The University of Warwick is one of only five universities never to have been rated outside the top ten in terms of teaching excellence and research and is a member of the prestigious Russell Group. The university won the BBC TV University Challenge trophy in April 2007 and April 2021.

Coventry University is one of only a handful of universities to run a degree course in automotive design, which is in its Coventry School of Art and Design. Coventry also has three further education colleges within city boundaries, City College, Henley College and Hereward College. Schools [ edit ] Many of the secondary schools in and around Coventry are specialist colleges, such as Finham Park School, which is a mathematics and IT college, a teacher training school and the only school in Coventry to offer studying the International Baccalaureate, and Coventry Blue Coat Church of England School which has recently become a specialist college of music, one of only a few in the country.

Cardinal Wiseman Catholic School specialises in languages. Bishop Ullathorne RC School became a specialist college in humanities in 2006. Ernesford Grange Community Academy, in the south east, is a specialist science college. Coundon Court School is a Technology College. Pattison College, a private school opened in 1949, specialises in the performing arts.

There is also Caludon Castle School, a business and enterprise school, which has been rebuilt over 2005–07. Exhall Grange School and Science College is in the north of the city, although, its catchment area is north Warwickshire. There is also Cardinal Newman Catholic School and Community College and whitley academy. Coventry has a variety of schools: Two of the oldest secondary schools being President Kennedy School founded in 1966 and located in the north-west of Coventry (currently undergoing rebuilding work) and Sidney Stringer Academy which is located in the centre of the city.

It is a co-educational school and has moved into a larger building costing £28 million. [106] The Coventry School Foundation comprises the independent schools King Henry VIII School and Bablake School together with King Henry VIII Preparatory School. The Woodlands Academy and Tile Hill Wood School were the last remaining single sex schools in the city, serving boys and girls respectively.

These schools merged onto the Tile Hill Wood site in 2016 before officially being rebranded as West Coventry Academy in 2017. Both Woodlands and Tile Hill shared a joint sixth form along with The Westwood Academy called West Coventry Sixth Form, but in 2018 Westwood left the sixth form and it now operates under the name West Coventry Academy Sixth Form.

The Westwood Academy, which is a Technology College, is close to the University of Warwick. It is the only school in Coventry that is a CISCO Academy and has links with other educational establishments, industry and the local community. Sherbourne Fields School is an educational special needs school for young people with physical disabilities and is located in the Coundon area. It opened in the 1960s. Notable people associated with Coventry [ edit ] Statue commemorating James Starley History and politics [ edit ] Coventry is well known for the mythical 11th century exploits of Lady Godiva who, according to legend, rode through the city naked on horseback in protest at high taxes being levied on the cityfolk by her husband Leofric, Earl of Mercia.

Contemporary historians do not dispute that lady Godiva was a real figure, however this event is considered mythical. [107] The residents of the city were commanded to look away as she rode, but one man did not and was allegedly struck blind.

He became known as Peeping Tom thus originating a new idiom, or metonym, in English. There is a Grade II* listed statue [108] of her in the city centre, which for 18 years had been underneath a Cathedral Lanes shopping centre canopy, removed in October 2008.

[109] There is also a bust of Peeping Tom looking out across Hertford Street shopping precinct, and overlooking Broadgate and the statue of Godiva is a clock where, at every hour, Lady Godiva appears on her horse while being watched by Peeping Tom. The Labour politician Mo Mowlam was educated in Coventry; [110] trade union organiser Tom Mann and National Socialist Movement leader Colin Jordan also came from the city. The statesman and founder of modern Australia, Sir Henry Parkes, was born in Canley in 1815.

Science, technology and business [ edit ] Coventry has been the home to several pioneers in science and engineering. Samuel Courtauld and Co Ltd's director H.G. Tetley chose Foleshill in Coventry in 1904 as the site of the world's first man-made fibre factory which produced an "artificial silk" later known as viscose rayon. Sir Frank Whittle, the inventor of the jet engine, was from the city, [111] as was the inventor James Starley, instrumental in the development of the bicycle and his nephew J.K.

Starley, who worked alongside his uncle and went on to found car company Rover. Cyborg scientist Kevin Warwick is also a Coventrian, Sir John Egan, industrialist and former Chief Executive of Jaguar Cars attended Bablake School. Sir Frederick Gibberd, architect and designer, was born in Coventry, and amongst the buildings for which he is best known are Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral and Didcot Power Station. Donald Trelford, journalist and academic, was born in Coventry and attended Bablake School.

He was editor of The Observer newspaper from 1975 to 1993. Born in Coventry, former King Henry VIII Grammar School pupil Paul Connew became editor of the Sunday Mirror and deputy editor of the Daily Mirror and News of The World – later he became Director of Communications at the children's charity Sparks. The arts [ edit ] The Shakespearean actor Dame Ellen Terry was born in Coventry in 1847.

Other Coventrians in the arts include the poet Philip Larkin, comedian Guz Khan, actors Charles Kay, Billie Whitelaw, Nigel Hawthorne, Brendan Price and Clive Owen, authors Cyril Connolly, Graham Joyce, Lee Child and Mark Barrowcliffe, and playwrights Chris O'Connell and Alan Pollock and The Inbetweeners actress Tamla Kari.

Notable musicians originated in Coventry, including Frank Ifield, Vince Hill, Delia Derbyshire, Jerry Dammers, Terry Hall, Neville Staple, Hazel O'Connor, Clint Mansell, Julianne Regan, Lee Dorrian, Jen Ledger of Skillet, VJ Paul King, Taz (lead singer of the band Stereo Nation), and Panjabi MC.

2 Tone music developed in and around Coventry in the 1970s and two of the genre's most notable bands, The Specials and The Selecter are both from the city. Other Coventry bands include Bolt Thrower, Coventry Automatics, The Primitives, Adorable, Fun Boy Three, The Colourfield, King, Jigsaw, The Sorrows, and The Enemy.

Arthur Wills, composer, organist, Director of Music at Ely Cathedral 1958–1990, was born in Coventry. Record producer Pete Waterman is from the city and is president of Coventry Bears. Theatre producer Dominic Madden, comedian and writer Emma Fryer and ex-model Debee Ashby are Coventrians, as were comedian Reg Dixon, ventriloquist Dennis Spicer and broadcaster Brian Matthew.

Former Sky Sports broadcaster Richard Keys is a Coventrian, a product of Whitley Abbey School. The fashion model Neelam Gill is also from Coventry. Sports [ edit ] Notable Coventrians in sports include speedway rider Tom Farndon; Davis Cup tennis player Tony Mottram; footballers Kenneth Hegan, Reg Matthews, Bobby Gould, Graham Alexander, Gary McSheffrey, Callum Wilson and James Maddison; cricketers Tom Cartwright and Ian Bell MBE; rugby union players Ivor Preece, Keith Fairbrother, David Duckham MBE, Neil Back MBE, Danny Grewcock MBE, Geoff Evans, Andy Goode, Shane Geraghty and Tom Wood; MotoGP rider Cal Crutchlow; golfer Dame Laura Davies DBE; sprinter Marlon Devonish MBE; distance runners Brian Kilby and David Moorcroft OBE; darts player Steve Beaton; snooker player Dominic Dale.

Boxer Errol Christie grew up in Coventry. Freedom of the City [ edit ] The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the City of Coventry. This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items.

( September 2019) Individuals [ edit ] • Alfred Robert Grindlay CBE JP: 15 November 1962 • Rt Hon Marjorie Mowlam: 1999. • Rt Hon Lord Bhattacharyya Kt CBE FRS FREng FIMechE: 1 October 2015.

• Ratan Tata GBE FREng FIET: 1 October 2015. [112] Military units [ edit ] • HMS Diamond, RN: 16 October 2014. [113] See also [ edit ] • History of Coventry • Scheduled Ancient Monuments in Coventry • Grade I listed buildings in Coventry • Grade II* listed buildings in Coventry • Healthcare in West Midlands • Send to Coventry References [ edit ] • ^ "Lord Mayor of Coventry".

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• Fox, Levi (1957). Coventry's Heritage. • McGrory, David (1993). Coventry: History and Guide. ISBN 0-7509-0194-2. • Slater, Terry (1981). A History of Warwickshire. ISBN 0-85033-416-0. • The Bombing of Coventry. BBC Television. 2009. Further reading [ edit ] • Smith, Albert, and David Fry (1991). The Coventry We Have Lost. 2 vols. Berkswell: Simanda Press, 1991, 1993. ISBN 0-9513867-1-9; ISBN 0-9513867-2-7. External links [ edit ] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coventry.

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Team GP W D L GD P Fulham coventry city 27 9 10 +63 90 AFC Bournemouth 46 25 13 8 +35 88 Huddersfield Town 46 23 13 10 +17 82 Nottingham Forest 46 23 11 12 +33 80 Sheffield United 46 21 12 13 +18 75 Luton Town 46 21 12 13 +8 75 Middlesbrough 46 20 10 16 +9 70 Blackburn Rovers 46 19 12 15 +9 69 Millwall 46 18 15 13 +8 69 West Bromwich Albion 46 18 13 15 +7 67 Queens Park Rangers 46 19 9 18 +1 66 Coventry City 46 17 13 16 +1 64 Preston North End 46 16 16 14 -4 64 Stoke City 46 17 11 coventry city +5 62 Swansea City 46 16 13 17 -10 61 Blackpool 46 16 12 18 -4 60 Bristol City 46 15 10 21 -15 55 Cardiff City 46 15 8 23 -18 53 Hull City 46 14 9 23 -13 51 Birmingham City 46 11 14 21 -25 47 Reading 46 13 8 25 -33 41 Peterborough United 46 9 10 27 -44 37 Derby County 46 14 13 19 -8 34 Barnsley 46 6 12 28 -40 30 The squad overview can be embedded on the own homepage via iframe.

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Football club Coventry City FC Full name Coventry City Football Club Nickname(s) The Sky Blues Founded 13 August 1883 ; 138 years ago ( 1883-08-13) (as Singers F.C.) [1] Ground Coventry Building Society Arena Capacity 32,609 Owner Joy Seppala (Otium Entertainment Group) Chairman Tim Coventry city Manager Mark Robins League EFL Championship 2021–22 EFL Championship, 12th of 24 Website Club website Away colours Current season Coventry City Football Club is a professional association football club based in Coventry, West Midlands, England.

The team currently compete in the Coventry city, the second tier of the English football league system. The club play at the 32,609 capacity Coventry Building Society Arena (or CBS Arena). The club is nicknamed the Sky Blues because of the colour of their home strip. From 1899 to 2005, Coventry City played at Highfield Road.

The 32,609-capacity Coventry Building Society Arena (named the Ricoh Arena until 2021) was opened in August 2005 to replace Highfield Road. Coventry city City formed as Singers F.C. in 1883 following a general meeting of the Singer Factory Gentleman's club.

They adopted their current coventry city in 1898 and coventry city the Southern League in 1908, before being elected into the Football League in 1919. Relegated in 1925, they returned to the Second Division as champions of the Third Division South and Third Division South Cup winners in 1935–36.

Relegated in 1952, they won promotion in the inaugural Fourth Division season in 1958–59. Coventry reached the First Division after winning the Third Division title in 1963–64 and the Second Division title in 1966–67 under the management of Jimmy Hill.

In the 1970–71 season, the team competed in the European Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, reaching the second round. Despite beating Bayern Munich 2–1 in the home leg, they had lost 6–1 in the first leg in Germany, and thus were eliminated. Coventry's only period in the top division to date lasted 34 consecutive years between 1967 and 2001, and they were inaugural members of the Premier Coventry city in 1992. They won the FA Cup in 1987, the club's only major trophy, when they beat Tottenham Hotspur 3–2.

coventry city They experienced further relegations in 2012 and 2017, though did manage to also win the EFL Trophy in 2017. Coventry returned to Wembley in 2018, beating Exeter City in the League Two play-off final. Manager Mark Robins built on this success guiding the Sky Blues to 8th in League One the next season and then led the club to promotion back to the EFL Championship as League One champions in 2020.

In their first season back in the Championship, Robins guided the Sky Blues to a 16th-placed finish, 12 points clear of relegation. This was the club's highest league finish in 15 years. Contents • 1 History in brief • 2 Playing kit • 2.1 Colours • 3 Kit coventry city and sponsorship • 4 Stadium • 4.1 Grounds • 4.2 106 years at Highfield Road • 4.3 Coventry Building Society Arena • 4.4 Sixfields • 4.5 Return to the Coventry Building Society Arena • 4.6 St Andrew's • 4.7 New Stadium at the University of Warwick and second return to Coventry • 5 Supporters • 5.1 Former Players' Association • 5.2 Sky Blue Trust • 5.3 'SISU Out' protesters • 5.4 Sky Blue anthem coventry city 6 Rivalries • 7 Current players • 7.1 First team squad • 7.2 Out on loan • 7.3 Under-23 squad • 7.4 Out on loan • 7.5 Under-18 squad • 8 Backroom staff and club officials • 9 Seasons, awards and honours • 9.1 Club honours • 10 Notable players • 10.1 Official Hall of Fame • 10.2 Notable Academy graduates • 10.3 Player records • 11 Managers • 12 Chairmen • 13 References • 14 External links History in brief [ edit ] Chart of historic table positions of Coventry City in the Football League.

• 1883 – The club is founded by employees of Singer, the cycle firm, with William Stanley one of the leading coventry city. • 1898 – The club's name is changed from Singers F.C. to Coventry City.

• 1899 coventry city The club move to Highfield Road following stints at Dowells Field and Stoke Road. • 1901 – The club suffer their worst ever defeat with an 11–2 loss against Worcester-based Berwick Rangers in the qualifying round of the FA Cup.

[3] • 1919 – The club are voted into the Football League, where they have remained ever since. • 1928 – In February, and with Coventry struggling near the foot of Division Three South, the club's worst ever attendance is recorded. Only 2,059 turn up for the match against Crystal Palace. • 1932 – Centre-forward Clarrie Bourton heads the Football League scoring lists with 49 goals.

The following season he scored 40 goals. • 1934 – City record their biggest ever victory - a 9–0 league drubbing of Bristol City. • 1936 – Coventry City win the Third Division South championship after a nail-biting final day 2–1 victory over Torquay United and return to Division Two after eleven years in the lower division.

• 1958 – Goalkeeper Alf Wood becomes the oldest player to start a game for the club, which this year was a founding member of Division Four (now Football League Two). He played against Plymouth Argyle in the FA Cup aged 43 years and 207 days. • 1959 - Coventry City finish 2nd to Win Promotion back to Division 3 at coventry city first attempt under Manager Billy Frith.

• 1961 – Former Fulham player and PFA chairman Jimmy Hill is appointed manager following an embarrassing FA Cup defeat at home to non-league King's Lynn. • 1964 – Jimmy Hill guides Coventry to promotion from Division Coventry city as champions after a final day 1–0 victory over Colchester United.

• 1967 – Coventry City promoted as Second Division champions to the top flight for the coventry city time in their history. This made manager Jimmy Hill, who would go on to enjoy a successful career as a TV presenter, a legend at the club. Coventry's record attendance was also set in this year – officially recorded as 51,455 (although many people who were at that game suggest the attendance was a lot coventry city, possibly much over 60,000), against Wolverhampton Wanderers, the team that finished a close second to Coventry at the top of the table.

• 1970 – Under Noel Cantwell, Coventry finish 6th in the First Division, their highest League placing. Coventry qualify for the European Fairs Cup but lost 7–3 on aggregate coventry city the second round to Bayern Munich, despite winning the second leg 2–1 at Highfield Road.

• 1977 – Coventry City escaped relegation after a 2–2 draw with Bristol City, who also escaped relegation. The result of this game relegated Sunderland, which caused allegations of match fixing over the outcome of the match due to the result of the Sunderland game being relayed to Coventry City and Bristol City players on the stadium screen before their game had finished.

[ citation needed] • 1978 – The strike partnership of Ian Wallace and Mick Ferguson helped the Sky Blues finish in seventh position in the First Division, their coventry city ever final league placing, but fractionally missing out on a UEFA Cup place.

Coventry City playing against Oxford United at Highfield Road on 13 February 1982 • 1981 – The club reaches the League Cup semi-final but are denied their first Wembley appearance by West Ham United, despite being 3–2 ahead after the first leg.

Highfield Road becomes England's first all-seater stadium. • 1987 – The Sky Blues won the FA Cup, beating Tottenham Hotspur in the final. It is their only major trophy to date.

They were runners-up to Everton in August in the Charity Shield. Coventry also won the FA Youth Cup in this year. • 1989 – Coventry were defeated by non-league Sutton United in the FA Cup Third Round, [4] only 19 months after lifting the trophy.

However, their impressive league form meant they equalled their second-highest ever end of season placing, finishing seventh once more. • 1990 – Coventry reached the League Cup semi-final for the second time, but were narrowly defeated over two legs by eventual winners Nottingham Forest. • 1998 – The club reached the FA Cup quarter-final coventry city were denied a semi-final appearance as Sheffield United (a division below them) won the replay at Bramall Lane on penalties.

They also attained their highest Premier League finish of 11th position. Dion Dublin earned the top scorer award, the only one for the club and the second of two players for clubs which never made the top three in the League. • 2001 – Coventry relegated from the Premier League after 34 years in the first tier.

At the time, only Liverpool, Everton and Arsenal could boast longer tenures in the top flight. • 2004 – The club's football academy, based in southeast Coventry at The Alan Higgs Centre, owned by the Alan Higgs Centre Trust, was opened in September 2004. [5] • 2005 – Coventry relocated to the 32,609 seat Ricoh Arena after 106 years at Highfield Road. The club's last game at Highfield Road stadium results in a 6–2 win over Midlands rivals Derby County in front of a sell-out coventry city crowd.

• 2007 – Coventry narrowly avoided administration when Ray Ranson and London-based hedge fund SISU Capital Limited, took over the club with twenty minutes to spare. • 2008 – The club celebrated its 125th anniversary. It avoided relegation to League One despite having been beaten 4–1 at Charlton on the final day of the season. • 2009 – The first ever complete sell-out of the Ricoh Arena was announced for the FA Cup quarter-final match against Chelsea on 7 March 2009, which Chelsea won 2–0 in front of a crowd of 31,407.

• 2012 – Coventry are relegated to League One, the third tier in English Football, for the first time in 48 years. • 2013 – The club owners, SISU, place a non-operating subsidiary of the club, which owns no financial assets and has no employee on coventry city off the pitch, into administration. [6] The club moved all staff out of the Ricoh Arena and the administrator accepted a bid from the Otium Entertainment Group, a company registered by three ex-Sky Blues directors Ken Dulieu, Onye Igwe and Leonard Brody.

[7] The club agrees to play future home matches at Sixfields Stadium, Northampton, a 70-mile round-trip from the Ricoh. Following two adjournments a creditors meeting in August rejected coventry city Company Voluntary Arrangement put forward by the administrator.

[8] [9] [10] • 2014 – The club return to the Ricoh Arena [11] and suffer a shock FA Cup First round defeat at the hands of Worcester City. [12] • 2016 – Protests from Coventry City supporters against owners SISU reach an all-time high, with demonstrations during matches against Charlton Athletic and Sheffield United receiving widespread press attention.

[13] [14] A petition calling for SISU to sell up and coventry city was set up in September 2016 and has so far been signed by nearly 20,000 individuals, including several former Coventry City players and managers.

[15] FA chairman Greg Clarke described Coventry's situation as "a very sad case", a sentiment coventry city echoed by caretaker manager Mark Venus's description of "a sorry football club". [16] [17] • 2017 – Coventry reach Wembley for the first time in 30 years by defeating Wycombe Wanderers in the semi-final of the EFL Trophy. [18] They coventry city on to win the final against Oxford United to lift their first trophy since 1987's FA Cup victory. [19] But that coventry city is in obvious contrast with the club's season as a whole, with Coventry being relegated to EFL League Two, their first time in the fourth tier of English football since 1959.

[20] • 2018 – The club achieve a top-six finish for the first time since 1969–70, and are promoted via the League Two play-offs to League One, their first promotion from any tier since 1967. • 2019 – After failing to reach an agreement with Ricoh Arena owners Wasps RFC, the club commits coventry city a groundsharing agreement with Birmingham City, playing their home fixtures at St Andrew's (a 38-mile round-trip from Coventry), again much to the chagrin of the supporters.

• 2020 – Coventry were crowned Champions of EFL League One after an Extraordinary General Meeting between all 23 League One clubs, which saw the season ended 9 games early, ruled that the final table would be calculated on a points per game (PPG) basis.

[21] • 2021 – The club began life back in EFL Championship for the first time in 9 years. In March 2021, The club announced that they will return to the Coventry Building Society Arena in August 2021 on a 10-year deal after spending the 2019/20 and 2020/21 seasons playing coventry city matches in Birmingham. On Saturday 8 May, Coventry beat Millwall 6–1 to secure a 16th-placed finish in the Championship, their best league finish in coventry city years.

On 7 Coventry city 2021, Coventry city City played Nottingham Forest at the Coventry Building Society Arena in the club's first game back at the ground in 2 years and their first Championship game in Coventry since 2012 in front of an attendance of 20,843, City won the game 2-1 after a 96th-minute injury-time winner from Kyle McFadzean.

Playing kit [ edit ] Colours [ edit ] Coventry's home shirts are either completely or predominately sky blue. However, in past seasons, different 'home colours' were worn. For example, in 1889, the then Singers FC wore pink and blue halved shirts (mirroring the corporate colours of Singers Motors).

Furthermore, in the 1890s, black and red were the club's colours. In the early 1920s, the club wore red and green (to reflect the colours of the city crest). Sky blue was first used by Coventry in 1898 and the theme was used until 1922. Variations of blue and white were then coventry city until the 1960s and the beginning of the 'sky blue revolution'. The colour made its return in 1962 thanks to the then manager, Jimmy Hill.

To mark the 125th year of the club, Coventry wore a special brown shirt in the last home game of the 2008–09 season against Watford, having first worn a chocolate brown away kit in 1978.

This kit has been cited by some as the worst in English football history, but also has an iconic status with some fans. [22] In 2012, in the Third round FA Cup tie versus Southampton, the team wore a commemorative blue and white striped kit, marking the 25th anniversary of the club winning the FA Cup in 1987. [23] The strip was worn again in January 2013 for Coventry's 3rd round FA Cup fixture with Tottenham Hotspur, whom they beat in the 1987 final. [24] In 2019, Coventry City announced a new third kit in black and white honouring the city's connection with 2 Tone Records on the 40th anniversary of the record label.

[25] Kit maker coventry city sponsorship [ edit ] Since the 2019–20 season, the kit is made by Hummel. The home, away and third kit is sponsored by BoyleSports. The first official kit manufacture deal came in 1974 when Umbro signed a deal with the club.

Coventry also had the first kit sponsorship deal in the football league, when Jimmy Hill, then Chairman of the club, negotiated a deal with Talbot, who manufactured cars in the city. Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor Shorts sponsor 1974–75 Umbro None None or N/A 1975–80 Admiral Sportswear 1980–81 Talbot 1981–83 Talbot Sports 1983–84 Umbro Tallon 1984–85 Glazepta 1985–86 Elliots 1986–87 Triple S Sport Granada Bingo 1987–88 Hummel 1988–89 None 1989–92 Asics Peugeot 1992–94 Ribero 1994–96 Pony International 1996–97 Le Coq Coventry city 1997–99 Subaru isuzu 1999–2004 In House Manufacturer (CCFC Leisure) 2004–05 Kit@ 2005–06 Cassidy Group 2006–10 Puma 2010–13 City Link 2013–14 Grace Medical Fund (charity partner) 2014–15 Allsopp & Allsopp 2015–18 Nike 2018–19 Midrepro 2019–20 Hummel International Allsopp & Allsopp The Exams Office [26] 2020–21 BoyleSports (front), Jingltree [27] (back) G&R Scaffolding [28] (home), SIMIAN Aspects Training [29] (away) 2021- BoyleSports (front), XL Motors (back) Stadium [ edit ] Main article: Coventry Building Society Arena Grounds [ edit ] • Dowells Field: 1883–1887 • Stoke Road: 1887–1899 • Highfield Road: 1899–2005 • Coventry Building Society Arena: 2005–2013, 2014–2019, 2021– (Originally known as the Ricoh Arena until 2021) • Sixfields Stadium: 2013–2014 (ground-share with Northampton Coventry city • St Andrew's: 2019–2021 (ground-share with Birmingham City) 106 years at Highfield Road [ edit ] Coventry City played at Highfield Road between 1899 and 2005 Coventry City began playing at the Highfield Road stadium in 1899 coventry city the Hillfields district of the city, although the club did not buy the freehold to the site until 1937.

The ground had an interesting history. In 1940 the main stand which backed onto terraced houses in Mowbray Street was bombed by the Luftwaffe. Heavy turnstiles from the ground and gas meters from houses in Mowbray Street were discovered in Gosford Park, some 500 metres away.

The record crowd at the ground was on 29 April 1967 when 51,455 watched the Second Division title decider against Wolverhampton Wanderers.

This was over 6,000 more than the previous record set against Aston Villa in 1938. Many people who were at that game suggest the attendance was a lot higher, possibly over 60,000. Supporters climbed onto the roofs of the stands and up the floodlights.

[ citation needed] In 1968, the main stand burnt down and its replacement was coventry city within four months. In 1981, Highfield Road was converted into England's first-ever all-seater stadium with a capacity of around 24,500, which many criticised as killing the atmosphere of the ground.

Some seats were removed a few years later. [30] It had been gradually upgraded since then, with the final phase of work being completed in the mid-1990s, including two fully enclosed corners, providing some much-needed modernity. On 30 April 2005, the final game played at the stadium coventry city against Midlands rivals Derby County; Coventry won 6–2.

[31] The stadium was subsequently demolished and replaced by a housing development. Coventry Building Society Arena [ edit ] Coventry Building Society Arena For the 2005–06 season, Coventry City moved to the new 32,609-capacity Coventry Building Society Arena (then named the Ricoh Arena) after 106 years at Highfield Road. [1] [32] In 1998, the club had decided that it was time to relocate to a new stadium in the Rowleys Green area of the city, 3 + 1⁄ 2 miles (5.6 km) north of the city centre and close to junction 3 of the M6 motorway.

The original plan was for a state-of-the-art, 45,000-seater multipurpose stadium with removable pitch and retractable roof. It was due to be ready for the 2001–02 season and was touted to coventry city one of the finest and most advanced stadiums in Europe. However, the club's subsequent relegation, financial problems, financier/contractor withdrawals, and England's failure to secure the 2006 World Cup competition led to a radical redesign.

The resulting stadium was built to a standard bowl design with steep stands in line with several other new stadia built during that period. It has excellent acoustics and has been used to host several major rock concerts. Despite initiating the project and being the principal attraction there, Coventry City's financial situation means that it no longer owned the stadium and must pay rent to use it; this appeared to raise concerns over the managing of the club's finances by previous club officials, because in 2001 the club was the fourth-longest serving club in the top flight of English football.

The stadium naming rights were originally sold to Jaguar Cars, which has strong links with Coventry. Jaguar pulled out of the project on 16 December 2004 and a new major sponsor was needed. A £10 million deal, which included naming rights, was signed and electronics manufacturer Ricoh became the new chief sponsor for the stadium. The project was funded largely by Coventry City Council and the (Alan Edward) Higgs Charity (of which former CCFC and ACL director the late Sir Derek Higgs was a trustee), and includes shopping facilities, a casino, exhibition halls and a concert venue.

At the beginning of the 2005–06 season, construction delays at the ground forced Coventry City to play their first three games of the season away and postpone their home games. On Saturday 20 August 2005, City hosted Queens Park Rangers in the first-ever game at the Ricoh Arena; Coventry won the game 3–0. On 28 July 2011, a statue of Jimmy Hill was installed at the main entrance to the Ricoh Arena, with Hill appearing in person to unveil it.

[33] Sixfields [ edit ] Rent disputes caused Coventry City to play the 2013–14 season at Sixfields Stadium in Northampton On 3 May 2013, Coventry City put a contingency plan in place to play elsewhere for the 2013–14 season. It was argued by the club that coventry city was due to ACL (Arena Coventry Limited), which managed the stadium, being unwilling to negotiate with the club to agree to a new lease. However, that led to the local newspaper, the Coventry Telegraph, starting a petition to stop Coventry City from playing outside of Coventry.

It was sent to all 72 clubs in the Football League and Football League chairman Greg Clarke. In May 2013, managing director Tim Fisher set a plan of building a new stadium within the city over the next three years, and ground-sharing whilst the new ground was being built.

[34] In June 2013, ACL made an offer that Coventry City F.C. could play at the Ricoh Arena rent free while the club was in administration. [35] It was believed that Coventry City might ground-share with Walsall at the Bescot Stadium or attempt to stay at the Ricoh Arena, [36] following the appointment of new owners.

[37] However, by July 2013, the Walsall rumours were denied and the club ground-shared at Northampton Town's Sixfields Stadium – a venue that had less than a quarter the capacity of the Ricoh Arena, and involved a round-trip of 70 miles (110 km).

That arrangement was due to continue until at least 2016. [38] [39] Plans for the club to play its home matches outside of the city were met with strong opposition, and led to protests by Coventry fans.

[40] Member of parliament for Coventry South, Jim Cunningham, described the move as "a disgrace". [41] Return to the Coventry Building Society Arena [ edit ] On 21 August 2014 it was announced that an agreement had been reached allowing the club to return to the Ricoh Arena for the next two years with the option of another two years. [42] Coventry City's first home game back at the Ricoh Arena was played against Gillingham on 5 September 2014.

Steve Waggott, who led the negotiations for the club, said: "We are delighted to get this deal done and I am sure every supporter of Coventry City will be thrilled with the news." [11] City won their first match back at the Ricoh Arena 1–0 with Frank Nouble scoring the only goal of the match in front of 27,306 supporters.

The return followed a social media campaign entitled #bringCityhome by the Coventry Telegraph [43] and a protest march by the Sky Blue Trust supporters' group. [44] The campaign drew praise from national media and figures within the football world. It was short-listed at the 2014 British Press Awards in the "Campaign of the Year" category.

[45] Because the tenancy agreement with Wasps was to expire in August 2018, it was reported in November 2015 that there would be a relocation to another site within the city. [46] However it was later confirmed that Coventry City would remain at the Ricoh Arena for another year. [47] In May 2016 the Coventry Telegraph broke the news that the club had drawn up plans with Coventry Rugby Club for a ground-share arrangement at a redeveloped Butts Park Arena.

[48] That was eventually denied by Coventry city Club chairman Jon Sharp, who said there could be no deal with the football club while it was still owned by SISU. [49] St Andrew's [ edit ] On 7 June 2019 it was reported that talks coventry city SISU and Wasps had again broken down meaning that Coventry would have to play their 2019–20 home matches at Birmingham City's St Andrew's ground.

[50] The club had the option to spend a further two seasons away from Coventry [51] and remained at St Andrew's for the 2020–21 season. [52] The club returned to the Ricoh Arena in August 2021, ending the ground-share agreement between Coventry and Birmingham. New Stadium at the University of Warwick and second return to Coventry [ edit ] In July 2020, the club confirmed that they had commenced a partnership with the University of Warwick which would see land provided for a new stadium.

[53] In March 2021, the club announced coventry city they had secured a ten-year agreement to return to the Ricoh Arena from the start of the 2021–22 season. The deal, described by the club's owners as "the best the club has had in terms of commercial revenue" during their time at the stadium, would not affect the longer-term goal of constructing a new stadium. [54] The new deal also includes a seven-year break clause should the club require it. [55] On 5 May 2021, it was announced that the Ricoh Arena would be renamed for the first time, when it will become the Coventry Building Society Arena.

The name change will come into effect in July 2021 as a part of a 10-year naming rights deal with the building society. [56] [57] On 8 August 2021, Coventry City played Nottingham Forest at the Coventry Building Society Arena in the club's first game back at the ground in 2 years and their first Championship game in Coventry since 2012.

They won the match 2-1. On 16 September 2021, Coventry City owner Joy Seppala told the BBC the club remained "firmly committed" to a new stadium, planned for a site owned by the University of Warwick. [58] Supporters [ edit ] Former Players' Association [ edit ] In February 2007 a Former Players' Association was launched.

Set up by club historian and statistician Jim Brown, former 1980s player Kirk Stephens and a committee of volunteers, its aim was to bring former players of the club together and cherish their memories. To qualify for membership players have to have made at least one first-team competitive appearance for the club or been a manager.

Around 50 former stars of the club attended the launch including Coventry City legends George Hudson, Cyrille Regis, Charlie Timmins and Bill Glazier. The association's first newsletter was published in autumn 2007 and a website launched. The launch of 2007 was followed by subsequent Legends' Days.

The 2009 event, held at the home game against Doncaster Rovers was attended by 43 former players including the first visit to Coventry for many years of Roy Barry and Dave Clements. In March 2012 the membership had increased past the 200 mark with former captain Terry Yorath inducted as the 200th member at the 2012 Legends' Day. [ citation needed] Legends’ Day has become an almost permanent fixture amongst Coventry supporters.

Legends’ Day has been held almost every year since the Inaugural Event. The only exceptions being in 2014 when the club were exiled playing home games in Northampton and in 2020 and 2021 after fans were shut out of stadiums as a result of the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Sky Blue Trust [ edit ] The Sky Blue Trust is a supporters' coventry city for Coventry City F.C.; it was founded in 2003 as part of a national initiative under the auspices of the umbrella group, Supporters Direct. The Sky Coventry city Trust, like trusts at other clubs, is a legally based, independent, democratic supporters' group with membership open to all. One of the Sky Blue Trust's greatest achievements was raising funds to save the football club's Youth Academy which was threatened with closure.

[ citation needed] By 2009/2010, however, the trust had become moribund. [59] Given the ongoing financial uncertainty at Coventry City, the trust was re-launched in the summer of 2012. [59] [60] A new board for the trust was elected and from having less than 20 members, the trust grew to over 700 within three months, including TV pundit John McCririck. [ citation needed] The key aim of the Sky Blue Trust is to obtain a financial stake in Coventry City F.C.

and have at least one democratically elected trust member on the club's board, meaning that supporters have a direct say in the running of the club.

[61] [62] [63] 'SISU Out' protesters [ edit ] In August 2011, after Coventry City fans became tired of cost-cutting by SISU, Coventry fans started to protest for the removal of SISU.

Protests took place at the Jimmy Hill Statue at the Ricoh Arena before games but limited numbers turned out. However, after these games, the number of protesters grew and so did the number of banners. After protesting near the rear entrance, the fans moved into the lobby and start chanting "SISU OUT" at which point a large number of "security response guards" moved in to remove the protesters.

[64] Another protest coventry city staged on 15 October 2016 as Coventry and Charlton Athletic fans threw hundreds of plastic toy pigs onto the pitch during a 3–0 loss for Coventry. Play was stopped for around 5 minutes. This protest was a joint effort between Coventry and Charlton fans against their respective owners. [13] On 15 December 2016, the televised match between Coventry and Sheffield United was temporarily halted after 86 minutes due to on-field protests, once again against owners SISU.

The atmosphere of the match was dominated by Coventry supporters whistling loudly and chanting anti-SISU protests in the stands throughout the entire 90 minutes. [14] There were protests when Coventry played Northampton Town away on 28 January 2017, when flares were thrown onto the pitch as well as pitch invasions. The play was stopped several times and the players were removed from the field of play twice. [65] There were further protests against Millwall, as many tennis balls were thrown onto the pitch to halt play, on 4 February 2017 at the Ricoh Arena.

Sky Blue anthem [ edit ] The words to the club's song were written in 1962 by Team Manager Jimmy Hill and Director John Camkin; The words being set to the tune of the Eton Boating Song.

[66] It was launched at the home game with Colchester on 22 December 1962 (a match abandoned at half-time because of fog) with the words printed in the programme. [66] It quickly became popular with supporters during the epic FA Cup run in 1963 when the then Third Division team reached the quarter-finals of the FA Cup before losing to eventual winners Manchester United: [67] Rivalries [ edit ] Leicester City are considered Coventry City's main rival and the two clubs compete the M69 Derby.

However, largely due to the clubs' differing fortunes meetings between the two have been rare in recent years; the two clubs have not coventry city each coventry city since 2012. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s and to the turn of the millennium, Aston Villa were considered Coventry's main rivals as they continually competed against each other in the First Division and then the Premier League.

The two clubs however have not met since Coventry's relegation from the Premier League in 2001. Local rivalries also exist with Wolverhampton Wanderers, West Bromwich Albion and Walsall but these are much less fierce than the ones with Leicester and Villa.

A local rivalry also exists with Birmingham City, however the ground share agreement at St Andrew's between 2019 and 2021 - which effectively spared Coventry from being expelled from the EFL - has led to friendlier relations between the two clubs. The club has an unusual long-distance rivalry with North-East side Sunderland, which stems back to the end of the 1976–77 season, when Coventry city, Sunderland and Bristol City were all battling against relegation from Division One on the final day of the season.

With Coventry and Bristol City facing each other at Highfield Road, Jimmy Hill, Coventry's chairman at the time, delayed the kick-off of the match by 15 minutes due to ‘crowd congestion’.

Sunderland, who were playing away to Everton at the same time, lost 2-0, and with 15 minutes left to play, Coventry and Bristol City effectively played out a 2–2 draw, sparing them both from relegation and sending Sunderland down instead. Hill was charged with misconduct by The FA, but the result was allowed to stand and Sunderland were controversially relegated. No love has been lost between the two clubs since and the rivalry re-intensified as the two clubs competed for promotion from League One together in 2018–19 and 2019–20.

In 2018–19 crowd trouble marred the meetings between the two at The Ricoh Arena and The Stadium of Light leading to numerous arrests among both sets of fans. Current players [ edit ] First team squad [ edit ] As of 1 February 2022 [68] Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules.

coventry city

Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. No. Pos. Nation Player 1 GK ENG Simon Moore 3 DF ENG Jake Clarke-Salter (on loan from Chelsea) 4 DF SCO Michael Rose 5 DF ENG Kyle McFadzean 6 MF SCO Liam Kelly ( captain) 7 MF ENG Jodi Jones 8 MF ENG Jamie Allen 9 FW ENG Martyn Waghorn 10 MF ENG Callum O'Hare 13 GK ENG Ben Wilson 14 MF ENG Ben Sheaf No.

Pos. Nation Player 15 DF SCO Dominic Hyam 17 FW SWE Viktor Gyökeres 18 DF NED Ian Maatsen (on loan from Chelsea) 20 DF ENG Todd Kane 22 DF SCO Josh Reid 23 DF ENG Fankaty Dabo 24 FW ENG Matt Godden 26 MF IRL Jordan Shipley 27 DF ENG Jake Bidwell 28 MF ENG Josh Eccles 38 MF NED Gustavo Hamer Out on loan [ edit ] Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under Coventry city eligibility rules.

Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Coventry city. Pos. Nation Player 16 DF ENG Josh Pask (on loan at Newport County coventry city 30 June 2022) 19 FW ENG Tyler Walker (on loan at Portsmouth until 30 June 2022) 29 DF FRA Julien Dacosta (on loan at Portimonense until 30 June 2022) 32 MF SCO Jack Burroughs (on loan at Ross County until 30 June 2022) 35 DF ENG Declan Drysdale (on loan at Ross County until 30 June 2022) — MF GER Marcel Hilßner (on loan at FSV Zwickau until 30 June 2022) — FW ENG Danny Cashman (on loan at Rochdale until 30 June 2022) Under-23 squad [ edit ] As of 31 January 2022 [69] Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules.

Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. No. Pos. Nation Player 30 FW POR Fábio Tavares 31 GK ENG Tom Billson 34 MF IRL Ricardo Dinanga 36 MF WAL Ryan Howley 40 FW ENG Jonny Ngandu 41 FW ENG Will Bapaga 42 DF SCO George Burroughs No. Pos. Nation Player 43 MF ROU Marco Rus 44 GK WAL Cian Tyler 45 MF ENG Aidan Finnegan 47 FW ENG Harrison Nee 49 MF WAL Aaron Evans-Harriott 50 DF IRL Jay McGrath — DF IRL Abel Alabi Out on loan [ edit ] Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules.

Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. No. Pos. Nation Player 46 DF ENG Blaine Rowe (on loan at Ayr United until 31 May 2022) Under-18 squad [ edit ] As of 21 May 2021 [70] [71] Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules.

Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. No. Pos. Nation Player — GK ENG Luke Bell — GK ENG Charlie Callaghan — DF ENG Rio Grant — DF IRL Fionn O'Brien — DF ENG Malakai Reeve — DF ENG Talon Shephard — DF ENG Joe Wynne — DF ENG Shay Young — MF ENG Oliver Berry No.

Pos. Nation Player — MF ENG Craig Hewitt — MF ENG Charlie Manners — MF ENG Reece Massey — MF ENG Lewys McCafferty — FW AUT Evan Eghosa — FW ENG Justin Obikwu — FW ENG Samuel Rodber — FW ENG Bradley Stretton Backroom staff and club officials [ edit ] Name Position Mark Robins Manager Adi Viveash Assistant Manager Dennis Lawrence First Team Coach Aled Williams Goalkeeping Coach Luke Tisdale Under 23s Head Coach John Dempster Under 18s Coach Daniel Bolas Academy Manager Paul Godfrey Head of Medical Dr Prithish Narayan Club Doctor Liam Stanley Assistant Physiotherapist Marcus Drake Soft Tissue Therapist Adam Hearn Head of Sports Science Andy Young Senior Fitness Coach Paul Travis Performance Analyst Mike Reid Head of Football Operations Ben Kilby Football Operations Chris Badlan [72] Head of Recruitment Ray Gooding Scout (Midlands Region) Chris Marsh Kitman Name Position Joy Seppala Owner (SISU) Tim Fisher Chairman David Boddy Chief Executive David Busst Head of Sky Blues in the Community Tynan Scope Commercial Manager Jim Brown Club Historian Seasons, awards and honours [ edit ] See also: List of Coventry City F.C.

seasons, List of Coventry City F.C. records and statistics, and Coventry City F.C. in European football Season Review & Statistics Level Pos. Player of the Year Club Captain Top Goalscorer Most Appearances Other 1958–1959 season 4 coventry city (24) not awarded George Curtis Ray Straw 30 Roy Kirk 48 Football League Fourth Division Runners-up 1959–1960 season 3 5th (24) George Curtis Ray Straw 21 Arthur Lightening 48 Southern Professional Floodlit Cup Winners 1960–1961 season 3 15th (24) George Curtis Ray Straw 20 George Curtis 51 1961–1962 season 3 14th (24) George Curtis Mike Dixon 12 George Curtis 49 1962–1963 season 3 4th (24) George Curtis Terry Bly 29 George Curtis 56 1963–1964 season 3 1st (24) George Curtis George Hudson 28 George Curtis 50 Ronnie Rees coventry city Football League Third Division Champions 1964–1965 season 2 10th (22) George Curtis George Hudson 24 George Curtis 46 Ronnie Rees 46 1965–1966 season 2 3rd (22) George Curtis George Hudson 17 George Curtis 50 1966–1967 season 2 1st (22) Coventry city Curtis Bobby Gould 25 George Curtis 46 Football League Second Division Champions 1967–1968 season 1 20th (22) Ernie Machin George Curtis Ronnie Rees 9 Ernie Machin 44 FA Youth Cup Runners-up 1968–1969 season 1 20th (22) Bill Glazier George Curtis Coventry city Hunt 13 Bill Glazier 49 1969–1970 season 1 6th (22) Neil Martin Roy Barry Neil Martin 15 Mick Coop 44 FA Youth Cup Runners-up 1970–1971 season 1 10th (22) Willie Carr Neil Martin Ernie Hunt 13 Neil Martin 13 Jeff Blockley 52 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup Second round; BBC Goal of the Season: Ernie Hunt 1971–1972 season 1 18th (22) Ernie Hunt Roy Barry Ernie Hunt 12 Willie Carr 45 Wilf Smith 45 Texaco Cup Second round 1972–1973 season 1 19th (22) Willie Carr Roy Barry Brian Alderson 17 Mick Coop 48 Texaco Cup First round 1973–1974 season 1 16th (22) Bill Glazier John Craven Brian Alderson 15 Jimmy Holmes 53 Tommy Hutchison 53 Texaco Cup First round 1974–1975 season 1 14th (22) Graham Oakey John Craven Brian Alderson 8 David Cross 8 Tommy Hutchison 46 1975–1976 season 1 14th (22) Tommy Hutchison John Craven David Cross 16 Mick Coop 47 Tommy Hutchison 47 1976–1977 season 1 19th (22) Jim Blyth Terry Yorath Coventry city Ferguson 15 John Beck 45 1977–1978 season 1 7th (22) Ian Wallace Terry Yorath Ian Wallace 23 Bobby McDonald 47 Barry Powell 47 1978–1979 season 1 10th (22) Bobby McDonald Terry Yorath Ian Wallace 15 Tommy Hutchison 45 Bobby McDonald 45 1979–1980 season 1 15th (22) Gary Gillespie Tommy Hutchison Ian Wallace 13 Tommy Hutchison 45 1980–1981 season 1 16th (22) Danny Thomas Mick Coop Garry Thompson 15 Paul Dyson 54 Harry Roberts 54 Football League Cup Semi-finalists 1981–1982 season 1 14th (22) Danny Thomas Gerry Daly Mark Hateley 18 Gary Gillespie 46 PFA Merit Award: Joe Mercer 1982–1983 season 1 19th (22) Gary Gillespie Gerry Francis Steve Whitton 14 Gary Gillespie 48 PFA Team OTY: Danny Thomas 1983–1984 season 1 19th (22) Nick Platnauer Harry Roberts Terry Gibson 19 Terry Gibson 41 Nick Platnauer 41 1984–1985 season 1 18th (22) Terry Gibson Trevor Peake Terry Gibson 19 Steve Ogrizovic 46 1985–1986 season 1 17th (22) Trevor Peake Brian Kilcline Terry Gibson 13 Steve Ogrizovic 47 1986–1987 season 1 10th coventry city Steve Ogrizovic Brian Kilcline Cyrille Regis 16 Steve Ogrizovic 53 FA Cup Winners: 1987 FA Cup Final; FA Youth Cup Winners: 1987 FA Youth Cup Final; BBC Goal of the Season: Keith Houchen 1987–1988 season 1 10th (21) David Speedie Brian Kilcline Cyrille Regis 12 Steve Ogrizovic 46 FA Charity Shield Runners-up: 1987 FA Charity Shield; Full Members Coventry city Semi-finalists 1988–1989 season 1 7th (20) David Speedie Brian Kilcline David Speedie 15 Brian Borrows 42 Steve Ogrizovic 42 1989–1990 season 1 12th (20) Brian Borrows Brian Kilcline David Speedie 9 Brian Borrows 46 David Smith 46 Football League Cup Semi-finalists 1990–1991 season 1 16th (20) Kevin Gallacher Brian Kilcline Kevin Gallacher 16 Brian Borrows 47 PFA Merit Award: Tommy Hutchison 1991–1992 season 1 19th (22) Stewart Robson Stewart Robson Kevin Gallacher 10 Lloyd McGrath 46 1992–1993 season 1 15th (22) Peter Atherton Brian Borrows Micky Quinn 17 John Williams 44 1993–1994 season 1 11th (22) Phil Babb Brian Borrows Peter Ndlovu 11 Phil Babb 44 Steve Morgan 44 1994–1995 season 1 16th (22) Brian Borrows Brian Borrows Dion Dublin 16 Brian Borrows 40 Paul Cook 40 Steve Ogrizovic 40 PFA Merit Award: Gordon Strachan 1995–1996 season 1 16th (20) Paul Williams Dion Dublin Dion Dublin 16 John Salako 43 1996–1997 season 1 17th (20) Dion Dublin Gary McAllister Dion Dublin 13 Gary McAllister 46 Steve Ogrizovic 46 1997–1998 season 1 11th (20) Dion Dublin Gary McAllister Dion Dublin 23 Dion Dublin 43 Premier League Golden Boot: Dion Dublin; PFA Merit Award: Steve Ogrizovic 1998–1999 season 1 15th (20) Richard Shaw Gary McAllister Noel Whelan 13 Magnus Hedman 42 Richard Shaw 42 FA Youth Cup Runners-up 1999–2000 season 1 14th (20) Gary McAllister Gary McAllister Gary McAllister 13 Gary McAllister 43 FA Youth Cup Runners-up; FAI Young Int'l Player OTY: Robbie Keane 2000–2001 season 1 19th (20) Gary Breen Mustapha Hadji Craig Bellamy 8 Craig Bellamy 39 PFA Merit Award: Jimmy Hill Welsh Footballer OTY: John Hartson 2001–2002 season 2 11th (24) David Thompson John Eustace Lee Hughes 14 Muhamed Konjić 41 2002–2003 season 2 20th (24) Muhamed Konjić Muhamed Konjić Jay Bothroyd 11 Muhamed Konjić 48 2003–2004 season 2 12th (24) Stephen Warnock Muhamed Konjić Gary McSheffrey 12 Stephen Warnock 49 FWA Tribute Award: Jimmy Hill 2004–2005 season 2 19th (24) Michael Coventry city Stephen Hughes Gary McSheffrey 14 Michael Doyle 49 First CONCACAF 50-goal scorer: Stern John Last goal at Highfield Road: Andy Whing 2005–2006 season 2 8th (24) Gary McSheffrey Michael Doyle Gary McSheffrey 17 Gary McSheffrey 50 First goal at Ricoh Arena: Claus Bech Jørgensen 2006–2007 season 2 17th (24) Andy Marshall Rob Page Dele Adebola 9 Dele Adebola 42 Michael Doyle 42 Marcus Hall 42 Andy Marshall 42 Birmingham Senior Cup Winners 2007–2008 season 2 coventry city (24) Jay Tabb Stephen Hughes Michael Mifsud 17 Michael Doyle 49 Isaac Osbourne 49 Jay Tabb 49 2008–2009 season 2 17th (24) Aron Gunnarsson Scott Dann Clinton Morrison 12 Keiren Westwood 49 PFA Team OTY: Danny Fox, Keiren Westwood 2009–2010 coventry city 2 19th (24) Keiren Westwood Stephen Wright Clinton Morrison 11 Keiren Westwood 46 2010–2011 season 2 18th (24) Marlon King Lee Carsley Marlon King 13 Richard Keogh 48 FL Fan OTY: Kevin Monks 2011–2012 season 2 23rd (24) Richard Keogh Sammy Clingan Lukas Jutkiewicz 9 Gary McSheffrey 9 Richard Keogh 47 Joe Murphy 47 Championship Apprentice Award: Gaël Bigirimana 2012–2013 season 3 15th (24) † Carl Baker Carl Baker David McGoldrick 18 Joe Murphy 56 FLT Northern area finalists; PFA Team OTY: Leon Clarke; FL Fan OTY: Pat Raybould 2013–2014 season coventry city 18th (24) †† Callum Wilson Carl Baker Callum Wilson 22 Joe Murphy 53 FL Goal OTY: Franck Moussa; PFA Team OTY: Callum Wilson 2014–2015 season 3 17th (24) Jim O'Brien Réda Johnson Frank Nouble 7 John Fleck 47 Jim O'Brien 47 2015–2016 season 3 8th (24) John Fleck Sam Ricketts Adam Armstrong 20 Sam Ricketts 46 Romain Vincelot 46 PFA Team OTY: Adam Armstrong 2016–2017 season 3 23rd (24) George Thomas Jordan Willis George Thomas 9 Jordan Turnbull 46 Jordan Willis 46 EFL Trophy Winners: 2017 EFL Trophy Final 2017–2018 season 4 6th (24) Marc McNulty Michael Doyle Marc McNulty 28 Jack Grimmer 53 EFL League Two play-offs Winners: 2018 play-off Final; EFL Team OTY: Lee Burge, Jordan Willis; PFA Team OTY: Jack Grimmer; PFA Fans' Player OTY: Marc McNulty 2018–2019 season 3 8th (24) Dominic Hyam Liam Kelly Jordy Hiwula 13 Luke Thomas 44 2019–2020 season 3 1st (23) ††† Fankaty Dabo Liam Kelly Matt Godden 15 Jordan Shipley 42 EFL League One Champions; LMA Awards Manager OTY: Mark Robins; PFA Team OTY: Marko Maroši, Fankaty Dabo, Liam Walsh, Matt Coventry city 2020–2021 season 2 16th (24) Callum O'Hare Liam Kelly Tyler Walker 8 Callum O'Hare 48 2021–2022 season 2 12th (24) Gustavo Hamer Kyle McFadzean Viktor Gyökeres 18 Viktor Gyökeres 47 Callum O'Hare 47 Championship Apprentice Award: Ryan Howley † Coventry City deducted 10 points by the Football League for going into administration.

[73] †† Coventry City deducted 10 points by the Football League. [74] ††† Bury were expelled from the EFL on 27 August 2019 due to financial issues at the club. [75] The season was postponed on 13 March 2020 and later concluded prematurely due to the COVID-19 pandemic, with league positions and promotions decided on a points-per-game basis.

[76] Club honours [ edit ] • FA Cup • Winners: 1986–87 • Football League Cup • Semi-finalists: 1980–81, 1989–90 • FA Charity Shield • Runners-up: 1987 • Full Members Cup • Semi-finalists: 1987–88 • Football League Trophy • Winners: 2016–17 [77] • FA Youth Cup • Winners: 1986–87 • Runners-up: 1967–68, 1969–70, 1998–99, 1999–00 • Football League Second Division (now EFL Championship) • Champions: 1966–67 • Football League Third Division (now EFL League One) • Champions: 1963–64, 2019–20 [76] • Football League Third Division South • Champions: 1935–36 • Football League Fourth Division (now EFL League Two) • Runners-up: 1958–59 • Play-off winners: 2017–18 • Third Division South Cup • Winners: 1935–36 • Birmingham Senior Cup • Winners: 1910–11, 1922–23, 2006–07 • Southern Professional Floodlit Cup • Winners: 1959–60 Notable players [ edit ] See also: List of Coventry City F.C.

players, Coventry City F.C. Player of the Year, and List of Coventry City F.C. international footballers Official Hall of Fame [ edit ] Player [78] Apps Goals Dave Bennett 201 33 Brian Borrows 477 13 Clarrie Bourton 241 182 Willie Carr 280 36 Mick Coop 492 22 George Curtis 538 13 Jimmy Dougall 236 14 Dion Dublin 170 72 Player [78] Apps Goals Ron Farmer 311 52 Mick Ferguson 141 57 Ian Gibson 101 14 Bill Glazier 395 0 Fred Herbert 199 85 George Hudson 129 75 Ernie Hunt 166 51 Tommy Hutchison 355 30 Player [78] Apps Goals Mick Kearns 382 16 Leslie Jones 145 73 Jock Lauderdale 182 63 George Lowrie 85 59 Ernie Machin 289 39 George Mason 350 9 Reg Matthews 116 0 Steve Ogrizovic 601 1 Player [78] Apps Goals Trevor Peake 336 7 Ronnie Rees 262 52 Cyrille Regis 283 62 Richard Shaw 362 1 Danny Thomas 123 6 Ian Wallace 138 60 Alf Wood 246 0 Notable Academy graduates [ edit ] Player Achievements Tom Bayliss 2017–18 EFL League Two play-off winner Gaël Bigirimana 2017 EFL Trophy Final winner, 2012 Championship Apprentice Award winner Lee Burge 2017–18 EFL League Two play-off winner, 2017 EFL Trophy Final winner, over 150 appearances for the first team Coventry city Christie 24 international caps and 2 goals for Republic of Ireland, over coventry city appearances for the first team Jordan Clarke Over 100 appearances for the first team Jonson Clarke-Harris 2017–18 EFL League Two play-off winner, youngest player to play in a first-team match John Eustace Club captain Marcus Hall England U21 captain, over 300 appearances for the first team Ryan Haynes 2017–18 EFL League Two play-off winner, 2017 EFL Trophy Final winner Chris Kirkland 1 international cap for England, 2004–05 UEFA Champions League winner James Maddison 1 international cap for England, January 2018 EFL Young Player of the Month Gary McSheffrey Over 250 appearances for the first team, two-time Football League Championship runner-up Isaac Osbourne Over 100 appearances for the first team Jordan Ponticelli 2017–18 EFL League Two play-off winner Jordan Shipley 2019–20 Coventry city League One winner, 2017–18 EFL League Two play-off winner, over 100 appearances for the first team Ben Stevenson 2017 EFL Trophy Final winner Daniel Sturridge 26 international caps and 8 goals for England, 2011–12 UEFA Champions League winner, 2009–10 Premier League winner Conor Thomas Over 100 appearances for the first team George Thomas 2017 EFL Trophy Final winner Ben Turner 2012–13 Football League Championship winner Andy Whing Over 100 appearances for the first team Jordan Willis 2017–18 EFL League Two play-off winner, 2017 EFL Trophy Final winner, club captain, over 200 appearances for the first team Callum Wilson 4 international caps and 1 goal for England, two Premier League hat-tricks, 2014–15 Football League Championship winner Player records [ edit ] See also: List of Coventry City F.C.

records and statistics Record Details Highest transfer fee paid Craig Bellamy, £6,500,000 in 2000 ( Norwich City) Highest transfer fee received Robbie Keane, £13,000,000 in 2000 ( Internazionale) Most appearances (all competitions) Steve Ogrizovic, 601 (1984–2000) Most appearances (league) Steve Ogrizovic, 504 (1984–2000) All-time top scorer (all competitions) Clarrie Bourton, 182 goals (1931–1937) All-time top scorer (league) Clarrie Bourton, 173 goals (1931–1937) Top-flight era top scorer (all competitions) Dion Dublin, 72 goals (1994–1998) Top-flight era top scorer (league) Dion Dublin, 60 goals (1994–1998) Most goals by one player in a game Arthur Bacon, 5 (vs Gillingham, 1933) Clarrie Bourton, 5 (vs Bournemouth & Boscombe Athletic, 1931) Cyrille Regis, 5 (vs Chester City, 1985) Most goals by one player in a season Clarrie Bourton, 50 (1931–1932, 49 league, 1 FA Cup) Most goals by one player in a season in top-flight Dion Dublin, 23 ( 1997–1998) Ian Wallace, 23 ( 1977–1978) Oldest player to play in a first-team match Alf Wood, 43 years 207 days (vs Plymouth Argyle, 1958) Youngest player to play in a first-team match Jonson Clarke-Harris, 16 years 21 days (substitute vs Morecambe, 2010) Youngest player to start a first-team match Brian Hill, 16 years 273 days (vs Gillingham, 1958) Managers [ edit ] • William Stanley coventry city • Harry Hathaway (1885–1887) • J.G.

Morgan (1887–1892) • Teddy Kirk (1893) • George Maley (1893) • Joe Collins (1893–1895) • Tom Cashmore (1895–1900) • Ben Newhall (1900–1902) • Michael O'Shea (1902–1905) • Joe Beaman (1905–1908) • Walter Harris (1908–1909) • Harry Buckle (1909–1911) • Robert Wallace & committee (1911–1914) • Frank Scott-Walford & committee (1914–1915) • H.

Howard & committee (1915–1916) • William Clayton (1917–1919) • Harry Pollitt (1919–1920) • Albert Evans (1920–1924) • Harry Harbourne (caretaker) (1924–1925) • James Kerr (1925–1928) • VACANT (March 1928 – June 1928) • Jimmy McIntyre (1928–1931) • Bill Slade (caretaker) (1931) • Harry Storer (1931–1945) • Dick Bayliss (1945–1947) • VACANT (April 1947 – June 1947) • Billy Frith (1947–1948) • Harry Storer (1948–1953) • VACANT (November 1953 – January 1954) • Jack Fairbrother (1954) • Charlie Elliott (caretaker) (1954–1955) • Jesse Carver (1955) • George Raynor (1956) • Harry Warren (1956–1957) • Billy Frith (1957–1961) • Jimmy Hill (1961–1967) • Noel Cantwell (1967–1972) • Bob Dennison (caretaker) (1972) • Joe Mercer (1972–1974) • Gordon Milne (1974–1981) • Dave Sexton (1981–1983) • Bobby Gould (1983–1984) • Don Mackay (1984–1986) • John Sillett (Head Coach) (1986-1987) • John Sillett (Manager) (1987–1990) • Terry Butcher (1990–1992) • Don Howe (caretaker) (1992) • Bobby Gould (1992–1993) • Phil Neal (1993–1995) • Ron Atkinson (1995–1996) • Gordon Strachan (1996–2001) coventry city Roland Nilsson (2001–2002) • Steve Ogrizovic & Trevor Peake (caretakers) (2002) • Gary McAllister (2002–2003) • Eric Black (2003–2004) • Steve Ogrizovic (caretaker) (2004) • Peter Reid (2004–2005) • Adrian Heath (caretaker) (2005) coventry city Micky Adams (2005–2007) • Adrian Heath (caretaker) (2007) • Iain Dowie (2007–2008) • Frankie Bunn & John Harbin (caretakers) (2008) • Chris Coleman (2008–2010) • Aidy Boothroyd (2010–2011) • Steve Harrison & Andy Thorn (caretakers) (2011) • Andy Thorn (2011–2012) • Richard Shaw & Lee Carsley (caretakers) (2012) • Mark Robins (2012–2013) • Lee Carsley (caretaker) (2013) • Steven Pressley (2013–2015) • Neil MacFarlane & Dave Hockaday (caretakers) (2015) • Tony Mowbray (2015–2016) • Mark Venus (caretaker) (2016) • Russell Slade (2016–2017) • Mark Robins (2017–) • NOTE George Curtis was General Manager in 1986-87 but with no team responsibilities.

Chairmen [ edit ] • Thomas Owen (1907–1912) • David Cooke (1912–1928) • Walter Brandish (1928–1935) • Fred Stringer (1935–1946) • George Jones (1946–1954) • W Erle Shanks (1954–1958) • Walter Brandish Jr.

(1958–1960) • Derrick Robins (1960–1973) • Peter Robins (1973–1975) coventry city Jack Scamp (1975–1977) • Phil Coventry city (1977–1980) • Jimmy Hill (1980–1983) • Iain Jamieson (1983–1984) • John Poynton (1984–1990) • Peter Robins (1990–1993) • John Clarke (1993) • Bryan Richardson (1993–2002) • Mike McGinnity (2002–2005) • Geoffrey Robinson (2005–2007) • Joe Elliott (2007) • Ray Ranson (2007–2011) • Ken Dulieu (2011) • Vacant (2011–2014) • Tim Fisher (2014–) References [ edit ] • ^ a b "The Sky Blues – A Brief History". Coventry City F.C. 7 November 2011. Archived from the original on 22 September 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2012. • ^ "Classic Cup Finals". The Football Association. Retrieved 8 August 2008. • ^ "Coventry City Football Club information". Coventry Telegraph. Archived from the original on 2 September 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2012. • ^ "Frozen in time: 7 January 1989 – Sutton upset Coventry in the FA cup". The Guardian. 8 January 2006.

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The Guardian. Archived from the original on 30 September 2018. Retrieved 29 September 2018. • ^ "First Team - Coventry City". • ^ "Under-23s - Coventry City". • ^ "Under-18s 2020/21". Coventry City Official Site. • ^ "Coventry City confirm Academy release list". Coventry City Official Site. Retrieved 21 May 2021. • ^ "{title}". 4 May 2018. Archived from the original on 5 May 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2018.

• ^ "Coventry City deducted 10 points by the Football League". 28 March 2013. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2018. • ^ "Coventry City: Football League docks Sky Blues 10 points".

2 August 2013. Archived from the original on 21 January 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2018. • ^ "Bury expelled by English Football League after takeover collapses". BBC Sport. 28 August 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2019. • ^ a b "League One: Coventry and Rotherham promoted as clubs vote for season to end".

Sky Sports. 9 June 2020. Retrieved 9 June 2020. • ^ "Coventry City 2–1 Oxford United". EFL Trophy Final. BBC Sport. 2 April 2017. Archived from the original on 2 April 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2017. • ^ a b c d "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 July 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2016. {{ cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link) External links [ edit ] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coventry City F.C.

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