CARSON, Calif. "It's unfathomable on so many levels. For one, that it actually happened. For two, where it happened. For three, how often something happened," the mother said in an exclusive interview with Eyewitness News.

The woman, who asked to be identified only as Jane Doe, said her 5-year-old pedo was caught by a teacher inside a bathroom pedo school giving oral sex to a 4-year-old boy. "I said, 'Where did you see this? How did you know that this was something to do?

'She said, 'I saw another little girl do it.' I said, 'Well, where?' 'Here at school.' 'When?' 'During nap time,'" the mother recalled.

Jane said investigators found no evidence of child abuse at her home. She provided us documents from the County of Los Angeles Department of Children and Family Services showing the case was closed as inconclusive. The First Lutheran Church of Carson School was cited by the California Department of Social Services for a sexual incident between kids. Jane's daughter said it wasn't an isolated incident. "The way that she explained it, it was kind of like it was an everyday thing.from pulling the pants down to exposing themselves to, you know, trying to get somebody to put their mouth on the privates," said Jane.

Eyewitness News first broke this story on Friday when Richard McCarthy told us exclusively that his son often received oral sex at the school. "It went down in the classroom, it went down pedo the bathroom, and it went down out on the pedo said McCarthy. After seeing that story, attorney Greg Owens said more people started asking to join his lawsuit against the school and the church, so he is no longer planning to file it Monday. He is going to wait.

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department's Carson Station says the story is prompting it to ask questions of various state agencies to see if any crimes were committed.

The school itself is set to close on Friday. School pedo still haven't gone on camera, but told me off camera that they believe there were only two incidents involving pedo touching among the kids. They said the school is closing because the director is leaving for personal reasons and no teacher wants the job.

They insist student pedo has nothing to do with the closure. "I think they definitely tried to cover up the incidents," said Jane. Jane pulled her daughter out of the school in October.

She said her daughter is in public school now and doing better. As for Jane, the reality is still tough. "As a mother, I tend to blame myself, thinking what if I had just asked the question, what if I could have found pedo somehow that this is going on," she said.

Contents • 1 Terminology • 2 Condition • 3 Studies • 3.1 General • 3.2 Is it common? • 4 Treatment • 5 References Terminology [ change - change source ] A person with pedophilia (adults and older adolescents who are sexually attracted to pre- pubescent children) is called a pedophile. The child must be at least five years younger than the person in the case of adolescent pedophiles before the attraction can be called pedophilia.

[1] Adults whose primary or exclusive sexual attraction is for pubescent early adolescents (ages 11 to 14) are properly called Hebephiles, not pedophiles. Adults whose primary or exclusive sexual attraction is for late to post-pubescent teens (ages 15 to 19) are properly called Ephebophiles, but ephebophilia is not considered abnormal by mental health professionals.

The opposite of pedophilia is Teleiophilia (the sexual attraction to young adults). A narrower sub-type of pedophilia is called N epiophilia or Infantophilia (the sexual attraction to pre-pubescent children restricted to babies/ toddlers). Condition [ change - change source ] Pedo, this condition is classified by the American Psychiatric Association as a mental disorder. [1] [6] Some pedophiles have sex with children or use children in a sexual way.

This is called " child sexual abuse" because by law, children are unable to truly agree to sexual acts with an adult. Some adults have pedophilic feelings but do not act by sexually abusing children. Some adults who are not pedophiles commit pedo abuse against children. Not all pedophiles feel or act in the same pedo. Since the 1880s, psychologists have studied and shown that different pedophiles might act in different ways: [7] • Some pedophiles are pedo sexually attracted to pre- pubescent children.

Pedo are called exclusive pedophiles. • Some pedophiles have a sexual preference for pre- pubescent children but are sexually attracted to adults as well. They are called preferential pedophiles. • Some adults who prefer adult sexual partners are also sexually attracted to pre- pubescent children.

Studies [ change - change source ] General [ change - change source ] For pedophiles who commit child sexual abuse, some studies have shown that pedophiles who are only attracted to children may abuse more children than pedophiles who also have adult sexual partners. [8] [9] The people who abuse children are often known to them—such as parents, other relatives, and friends—and are not strangers.

[10] One research study found that half the adults convicted of child sexual abuse of children outside of their family were also sexually abusing their own children. [11] Is it common? [ change - change source ] Medical researchers pedo not know how many people in the population are pedophiles. [12] This is because it is hard to study people's feelings and desires unless they actually show that they have those feelings. Generally, the only pedophiles who can be studied are those who have both broken the law and been caught and convicted of child sexual abuse.

A second reason is that when an adult or teenager sexually abuses a child, people often call the abuser a "pedophile", but it is possible that the abuse happened for a different reason, such as the unavailability of an adult partner. Experts generally define a pedo as a pedophile only if they are primarily or exclusively sexually attracted to pre- pubescent children.

[2] [3] [4] [5] If a person sexually abuses a pre-pubescent child to frighten or punish them, for example, then it may not be true pedophile behavior. Some sources, such as the Mayo Clinic, report that most child sexual abuse of pre-pubescent children is committed by pedophiles, [13] while other studies report that most people who sexually abuse children are not pedophiles.

[14] According to some studies, about 1% of all adult males may be pedophiles. [15] Treatment [ change - change source ] As of 2008, most doctors believe that pedophilia cannot be cured. [16] The current approach pedo deal with pedophiles who have been convicted of sexual abuse is to try to change their behavior. It does not change their sexual attraction. Using this treatment, it is believed that pedo sex offenders can be prevented from offending again.

Medications such as Depo-Provera can be used to treat pedophilia. [17] References [ change - change source ] • ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 "DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA FOR PEDOPHILIA" (PDF). APA STATEMENT. American Psychiatric Association. June 17, 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-29. • ↑ 2.0 2.1 Seto MC.(2009) Pedophilia. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology 5:391-407. • ↑ 3.0 3.1 Edwards, M.

(1997) "Treatment for Paedophiles; Treatment for Sex Offenders." Paedophile Policy and Prevention, Australian Institute of Criminology Research and Public Policy Series (12), 74-75. • ↑ pedo 4.1 Blaney, Paul H.; Millon, Theodore (2009). Oxford Textbook of Psychopathology (Oxford Series in Clinical Psychology) (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press, USA. p. 528. ISBN 978-0-19-537421-6. Some cases of child molestation, especially those involving incest, are pedo in the absence of any identifiable deviant erotic age preference.

• ↑ 5.0 5.1 Studer Lea Pedo, Aylwin A. Scott (2006). "Pedophilia: The problem with diagnosis and limitations of CBT in treatment". Medical Hypotheses. 67 (4): 774–781. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2006.04.030. Pedo 16766133. • ↑ World Health Organization, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems: ICD-10 Section F65.4: Paedophilia (online access via ICD-10 site map table of contents) • ↑ Krafft-Ebing, R.

von. (1886). Psychopathia sexualis: A medico-forensic study (1965 trans by H. E. Wedeck). New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons. ISBN 1-55970-425-X. • ↑ Abel, G. G., Mittleman, M. S., & Becker, J. V. (1985). "Sex offenders: Results of assessment and pedo for treatment." In M. H. Ben-Aron, S. J. Hucker, & C. D. Webster (Eds.), Clinical criminology: The assessment and treatment of criminal behavior (pp.

207-220). Toronto, Pedo M & M Graphics. • ↑ Linda S. Grossman, Ph.D., Brian Martis, M.D. and Christopher G. Fichtner, M.D. (1999). "Are Sex Offenders Treatable?


A Research Overview". Psychiatric Services (Washington, D.c.). 50 (3): 349–361work=Psychiatr Serv. doi: 10.1176/ps.50.3.349. PMID 10096639. Archived from the original on 2011-08-24. Retrieved 2015-02-14. {{ cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list ( link) • ↑ Lanning, Kenneth (2001). "Child Molesters: A Behavioral Analysis (Third Edition)" (PDF). National Center for Missing & Exploited Children. pp. 25, 27, 29. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-24.

Retrieved 2015-02-14. • ↑ M. GLASSER, FRCPsych and I. KOLVIN, FRCPsych (2001). "Cycle of child sexual abuse: links between being a victim and becoming a perpetrator". British Journal of Psychiatry. {{ cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list ( link) • ↑ Seto, M. C. (2004). " Pedophilia and Sexual Offenses Against Children," Annual Review of Sex Research, 15, 329-369. • ↑ Hall M.D; Ryan C.W. & Hall R.C.W. "A profile of pedophilia: definition, characteristics of offenders, recidivism, treatment outcomes, and forensic issues" (PDF).

Mayo Clin Proc. MAYO Foundation. 82:457-471 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-05-28. Retrieved 2015-04-07. {{ cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list ( link) • ↑ H.

Zonana, G. Abel (1999): Dangerous sex offenders. A task force report of the American Psychiatric Association – Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association • ↑ Briere J. & Runtz M. 1989. University males’ sexual interest in children: predicting potential indices of "pedophilia" in a non-forensic sample. Child Pedo & Neglect: The International Journal, 13, 65–75 • ↑ "Treatments to Change Sexual Orientation - BERLIN 157 (5): 838 - Am J Psychiatry". Archived from the original on 2011-06-12.

Retrieved 2015-02-14. • ↑ Public Policy • Afrikaans • العربية • Asturianu • বাংলা • Беларуская • Български • Bosanski • Brezhoneg • Català • Čeština • Cymraeg • Dansk • الدارجة • Deutsch • Eesti • Ελληνικά • English • Español • Esperanto • Euskara • فارسی • Français • Gaeilge • Gàidhlig • Galego • ગુજરાતી • 한국어 • हिन्दी • Hrvatski • Ido • Bahasa Indonesia • Interlingua • Interlingue • Italiano • עברית • Jawa • ಕನ್ನಡ • ქართული • Қазақша • Kiswahili • Latviešu • Lietuvių • Limburgs pedo Lombard • Magyar • Македонски • മലയാളം • Bahasa Melayu • Nederlands • 日本語 • Norsk bokmål • Norsk nynorsk • ਪੰਜਾਬੀ • پنجابی • Polski • Português • Română • Русский • Scots • Slovenčina • Slovenščina • کوردی • Српски / srpski • Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски • Suomi • Svenska • தமிழ் • తెలుగు • ไทย • Türkçe • Українська • اردو • Tiếng Việt • 吴语 • ייִדיש • 粵語 • Zeêuws • 中文 Change links • This page was last changed on 24 February 2022, at 06:47.

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Look up pedo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Pedo may refer to pedo Ped- or pedo- a common prefix with multiple meanings • Pedo (name) • Pedophile, someone who is sexually attracted to prepubescent children • Pedo-repair RNA motif in RNA molecules • ¡Ando Bien Pedo! (I Am Very Drunk), a 2010 studio album by Mexican group Banda Los Recoditos, which includes the song Ando Bien Pedo • Saga pedo, a species of bush cricket • Pedobacter, a genus of Gram-negative soil bacteria Edit links • This page was last edited on 11 May 2021, at 05:50 (UTC).

• Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0 ; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. • Privacy policy • About Wikipedia • Disclaimers • Contact Wikipedia • Mobile view • Developers • Statistics • Cookie statement • • Photo Illustration by Luis G.

Rendon/The Daily Beast/Carabinieri MIlano/ Just pedo few days shy of what would be Madeleine McCann’s 19th birthday, a break in pedo case points to everyone’s worst fears: that the young Briton was abducted, sold and killed by a pedophile sex ring that worked in and pedo the Pedo resort town where she disappeared 15 years ago. Thousands of tips and hundreds of sightings over the pedo led to dead ends until Christian Brückner was officially named a suspect on April 22 of this year.

The 45-year-old German, who is in jail for raping a 72-year-old American in the village where McCann disappeared, denies taking any part in the crime.

But in January 2022, a German documentary team f ound proof that Brückner did odd jobs at the Ocean Club in Praia da Luz in the spring of 2007 and would have been very familiar with the layout of the multi-building resort, including exits and less traveled lanes.

That documentary led Hans Christian-Woltersa German prosecutor focusing on Brückner’s alleged involvement, to dig into case further. Last week, he first told a Portuguese television channel and then confirmed to The Daily Beast that they have proof that he was at the center of the disappearance.

Madeleine McCann Kidnapping Suspect Christian Brueckner Hoarded Little Girl Swimsuits and Kiddie Porn Wolters believes pedo Brückner was commissioned to kidnap McCann for a pedophile sex ring that then killed her—likely because of the media attention to her case, which would have made it impossible to sell her pedo or use her in illegal under-age pornography. Brückner wrote a series of bizarre letters to the German journalists who asked him if he was involved.

He wrote back and explained how it wasn’t him. In one excerpt of a letter, he wrote a confusing missive that at once denied and toyed with his involvement. “Where possible, only drive during the day so my battered ‘hippy bus’ didn’t attract attention, only driving on roads I needed to and, most importantly, never provoking the police,” he wrote pedo way of explanation that he was staying out of sight because of his alleged drug dealing, for which he was later convicted.

“So, that means not committing any crimes, certainly not abducting anyone. Having said that, this was just as absurd to me at the time as starting a nuclear war or slaughtering a chicken.” Story continues German police pedo Brückner found a cache of little girl swimsuits and volumes of kiddie porn in the camper van he was living in when pedo worked as a handyman. They also dug up pedo yard in Hanover, Germany. They did not find human remains, but they did unearth a child’s toy sand bucket in a cemented-off cellar on the premises.

It is unclear if that evidence is part of the case being built against the convicted rapist. Police Find Child’s Toy Bucket in Secret Sealed Cellar Being Searched for Madeleine McCann Wolter says the new proof they have is not forensic, but local media in Portugal say it may be threads of the girl’s pink pajamas that she was wearing when she was snatched from her bed back in May 2007.

A lawyer for Brückner called the accusation “bullshit” to The Daily Mail, and said he was actually having sex with a woman he later took to pedo airport the evening McCann went missing. McCann disappeared on the evening of May 3, 2007, from a bedroom in her family’s resort hotel room as her parents ate tapas with friends a few hundred yards away.

McCann, then nearly 4, was taken while her infant twin-siblings slept nearby. Gerry and Kate McCann had taken turns with friends to check on the sleeping kids at regular intervals while they enjoyed an evening out when they discovered the elder of the McCann children was gone, along with a blanket.

Portuguese police first focused on McCann’s parents—both doctors—who they suggested gave their daughter a sleeping pedo that accidentally killed her. After wasting months on the theory, they finally cleared the couple, but by then the trail to the real criminal or criminals had gone cold.

Brückner has not been charged in connection to McCann’s disappearance and presumed murder, but police are now searching for pedo woman he says he was with that night who can either corroborate his alibi or shed light into what really happened to the British toddler all those years ago.

Read more at The Daily Beast. Get the Daily Beast's biggest scoops and scandals delivered right to your inbox. Sign up now. Stay informed and gain unlimited access to the Daily Beast's unmatched reporting. Subscribe now. Just over six years ago, a soon to be mother of two died in the operating room only 17 minutes after delivering the second child born to her and her husband, Charles Johnson IV.

According to the CDC, Black women die at rates three times higher than that of white mothers during childbirth, and Johnson is unwilling to let his wife become a statistic without due justice.

He is suing Cedars-Sinai Medical Center for what he says is the culture of racism within the institution that led to her death. MarketWatch Picks has highlighted these products and services because we think readers will find them useful; the MarketWatch News staff is not involved in creating this content.

Links in this content may result in us earning a commission, but our recommendations are pedo of any compensation that we may receive. Iryna Balachuk - Saturday, 7 May 2022, 12:35 Ukrainian troops have destroyed a Russian Serna landing boat near Zmiinyi [Snake] Island in the Black Sea. Source: Pivden [South] Operational Command on Facebook; Serhii Bratchuk, spokesman for Odesa Regional Military Administration, on Telegram; Natalia Humeniuk, Head of Joint Press Centre of the South Ukraine Defence forces, in a commentary for Ukrainska Pravda Quote from Pedo "Zmiinyi is not just another site of thrilling drama, record-breaking My first thought is underappreciated Midwestern college towns.

As I have written many times, I’m a fan of college towns because they tend to punch above their size on amenities. A tip: The rental calendar in college towns may be tied to the academic year, given that students look in the spring and sign a lease for fall.
Depiction of Pedobear Pedobear is an Internet meme that became popular through the imageboard 4chan.

[1] As the name suggests ("pedo" being short for " pedophile"), it is portrayed as a pedophilic cartoon bear. [2] It is a concept used to mock child sex offenders or people who have any sexual interest in children or " jailbait". [3] [4] The bear image has been likened to bait used to lure children or as a mascot for pedophiles.

[3] Contents pedo 1 Origin • 2 Mainstream media • 3 References • 4 External links Origin The bear character originates from the popular bulletin board system (BBS) website 2channel in Japan, where it was introduced, in the form of Shift_JIS art, as クマー ( Kumā), an interjection of the word 熊 ( Kuma) meaning bear in Japanese. Unlike Pedobear, Kumā has no sexual connotations, pedophilic pedo otherwise. Although initially appearing as a single line: くまくま━━━━━━ヽ( ・(ェ)・ )ノ━━━━━━ !!!

various posts modified it until reaching the final form as multi-line art: ∩___∩ -ノ ヽ / ● ● - クマ──!! - (_●_) ミ 彡、 -∪- 、`\ / __ ヽノ /´> ) (___) / (_/ - / - /\ \ - / ) ) ∪ ( \ \_) Eventually, posting Kuma Shift_JIS art evolved into a response to "fishing" posts submitted as "bait" to attract people (fishing for attention), which is why the bear is depicted as literally running into the forum to get the bait.

The Kuma character was adopted by 4chan and quickly became a meme there, [1] especially on the /b/ board. On 2ch, Kuma was often depicted in images sleeping with children, and this was promptly exploited on 4chan to create the Pedobear persona. Soon it gained its representation as an image rather than text art, and started being superimposed in pictures [4] depicting children (especially if these pictures could be interpreted as sexually suggestive, such as when involving swimsuits, underwear or child beauty pageants).

[3] Another common use of the character was to mock or otherwise pedo the posting of borderline child pedo content, [3] [4] sometimes with references to the FBI or Chris Hansen, the host of the TV show To Catch a Predator. Mainstream media Protester in London dressed as Pedobear to protest a visit by Pope Benedict XVI in 2010 Pedobear eventually became known outside 4chan as it was referenced by newspapers and prominent websites.

In the media it was frequently claimed to be a mascot of child sex offenders, which is contested by meme catalogs who note that its intent is actually to mock pedophiles. [5] [6] Pedobear was used in a CollegeHumor video parodying the film Doubt. [7] Artist and media researcher Johannes Grenzfurthner and Pedobear at ROFLcon 2010 On 3 July 2009, Canadian artist Michael R. Barrick created two composite images [8] depicting Pedo grouped together with the mascots of 2010 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games.

One is based on the official art, and the other is based on fanart created by Angela Melick. [9] This image was then mistakenly used by other media, [10] most notably the Polish newspaper Gazeta Olsztyńska for a 4 February 2010 front-page story about the Olympics in Vancouver. [4] [11] On 24 July 2009, a column in the far-right Taki's Magazine by conservative commentator Pat Buchanan about the early months of Barack Obama's presidency included an image of Pedobear, which generated considerable reaction from non-political commentators.

[10] Other uses of Pedobear include an iStockphoto wallpaper, [10] a cover of the pedo magazine Import Tuner, [10] and a flyer of a costume store in Portland, Oregon which pedo featured a Pedobear-like figure. The incident in Portland was covered by a local news station, which provided a detailed history of Pedobear, and even interviewed Cheezburger Network's CEO Ben Huh about Pedobear's cultural significance.

[10] In September 2010 cosplay participants dressed as the character were accused of being potential child sex offenders, [12] after the San Luis Obispo County Sheriff's Department issued a warning that Pedobear was a sign of the presence of pedophiles and other people with inappropriate sexual behavior, and suggested that Pedobear was a kind of mascot among pedophiles. [3] [13] Law enforcement officials in San Diego later sent a warning to local media, warning parents that the image can indicate the presence of predators.

It also issued a bulletin: Since the Comic Con, law enforcement in San Diego. has come pedo PedoBear's image in situations during which they were contacting those that exploit and/or abuse children.

(.) The intention of this bulletin is (.) [to] alert citizens that [PedoBear's] presence may be an indicator of the presence of individuals who have a predilection to sexually inappropriate, or even, assaultive behaviour. While not an absolute, the image of PedoBear should be a sign that you should use caution with whatever situation you are in or the individuals involved. — Public Safety Bulletin. A Seemingly Innocent Menace. An introduction to "PEDO BEAR"(Page 2) [3] Gawker later reported that it had spoken to the San Luis Obispo Sheriff's Department, and that the department knew it was an "Internet joke", [3] despite the fact that they had referred to pedophiles adopting it as a mascot.

Two local television stations, KSBY and KCOY-TV, passed on the warning to their viewers. [12] In Tulsa, Oklahoma, Sgt. John Adams of the Tulsa Police Department Child Exploitation Unit falsely told local television stations KOKI-TV and KOTV that the person wearing the costume was a registered sex offender, a claim which was later retracted. [14] [15] [16] In December 2010, Big Fish Games published pedo flash game called "Teddy Bear's Christmas" featuring Pedobear as the main character.

The game was later removed. [17] Coupon book ad of the Florida-based computer repair business, "CP Distributor". On March 22, 2011, the blog Urlesque posted a photograph of a coupon book advertisement for "CP Distributor", a computer repair business in Polk County, Florida, that prominently featured the Pedobear image.

"CP" when paired with the Pedobear meme normally stands for child porn. [18] In July 2011, a Pedobear iPhone application, released a few weeks earlier on June 25, was removed from Apple's App Store.

It contained a series of dance moves and background music, with the mascot branded as "Cuddle Bear". [19] On December 15, 2011, a citywide alert was issued by the Pierre Police Department after images of Pedobear had been sighted in certain parts of the city. [20] In March 2012, a primary school in Christchurch, New Zealand, was notified by the public of the meaning of a student-created poster portraying Pedobear in a classroom window.

The poster was left displayed to the public for some time. [21] On July 19, 2012, the Nestlé food company took down the inaugural Instagram photo from its Kit Kat chocolate bar's Facebook page because it featured a person dressed as a bear that some Internet users quickly pointed out resembled the Pedobear cartoon.

Nestlé itself had produced the image, and officials claimed they were completely unaware of the Pedobear meme. [22] • ^ a b Amy Graff (September 14, 2010). "California police warn parents of pedophilia mascot". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2011-01-21. • ^ Kelly, Jon (2010-08-31). "The strange virtual world of 4chan".

BBC News. Retrieved 2010-09-13. • ^ a b c d e f g "Stupid California Police Warn Parents of Pedobear, the 'Pedophile Mascot' (Updated)".

Gawker. 2009-09-12. Archived from the original on 2010-09-13. Retrieved 2010-09-12. • ^ a b c d Moore, Matthew (8 February 2010). "Polish newspaper claims 'Pedobear' is 2010 Vancouver Olympic mascot". The Daily Telegraph. London. • ^ "A Beginner's Guide to Pedobear, the Internet's Favorite Pervert". Urlesque. Archived from the original on 2009-11-29. Retrieved 2015-09-15. • ^ "Know Your Meme: Pedobear". Know Your Meme. Retrieved pedo. • ^ "Pedobear "Doubt" Trailer - CollegeHumor video".

CollegeHumor. 2009-06-02. Archived from the original on 2010-03-30. Retrieved 2010-08-03. • ^ "Michael R. Barrick - New Mascot Added to the Vancouver 2010 Team".

LiveJournal. Archived from the original on 2010-03-09. Retrieved 2010-08-03. • ^ "Gallery". Archived from the original on 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2010-08-03. Pedobear was also starred as a 3 second character on Cartoon Network's MAD on a short called "Grey's in Anime".

But pedobear is seen as green, but can still be recognized. • ^ a b c d e Robert Quigley (7 February 2010). "Vancouver and More: 5 Times Pedobear has Infiltrated the Real World".

Geekosystem. • ^ " 'Pedobear' an Olympic mascot?". Toronto Sun. 10 February 2010. • ^ a b "Sheriff's department warns parents of Pedo Bear image". KSBY-TV. Archived from the original on 2010-09-15. Pedo 2011-12-20. • ^ San Luis Obispo County Sheriff's Department Public Information Bulletin "A Seemingly Innocent Menace.

An introduction to "PEDO BEAR" [1] and Page 2 • ^ "Pedobear Panic Hits Tulsa". gawker. Archived from the original on 2010-09-19. • ^ "Pedobear, The New Pedophile?". FOX23. Archived from the original on 2011-08-23. • pedo "A Seemingly Innocent Menace pedo An Introduction to "PEDO BEAR" " (PDF). Tulsa Police Department Child Exploitation Unit.

• ^ "Bigfish forum report of a hoax game". Archived from the original on June 11, 2013. • ^ [2], Pedobear on computer parts ad. • ^ Pedobear iPhone app vanishes from Apple store - Technology - News & Comment - The First Post • ^ "My Daily News". Dakota Radio Pedo. 2011-12-15.

Archived from the original on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2011-12-20. • ^ Blackstock, Russell (4 March 2012). "Pedobear pops up at school". The New Zealand Herald. • ^ [3], Pedobear comparison prompts Nestle to pull Instagram photo for Kit Kat External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pedobear.

• Pedobear entry at Know Your Meme • A Beginner's Guide to Pedobear, the Internet's Favorite Pervert Edit links • This page was last edited on 25 April 2022, at 15:20 (UTC). • Text is available under the Pedo Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0 ; additional terms may apply.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

• Privacy policy • About Wikipedia • Disclaimers • Contact Wikipedia • Mobile view pedo Developers • Statistics • Cookie statement • •
1. Catholic priests are more likely to be pedophiles than other groups of men. This is just plain false. There's absolutely no evidence that priests are more likely to abuse children than are other groups of men.

The use and abuse of children as objects for the sexual gratification of adults is epidemic in all classes, professions, religions, and ethnic communities across the globe, as figures on child pornography, incest, and child prostitution make abundantly clear. Pedophilia (the sexual abuse of a prepubescent child) among priests is extremely rare, affecting only 0.3% of the entire population of clergy.

This figure, cited in the book Pedophiles and Priests by non-Catholic scholar, Philip Jenkins, is from the most comprehensive study to date, which found that only one out of 2,252 priests considered over a thirty-year period was afflicted with pedophilia. In pedo recent Boston scandal, only four of the more than eighty priests labeled by the media as "pedophiles" are actually guilty of molesting young children. (updated information by the editor: In a recent interview (July 2014) Pope Francis said that 2% of clergy in the Catholic Church are paedophiles, information the Pope said he received from advisors) Pedophilia is a particular type of compulsive sexual disorder in which an adult (man or woman) abuses prepubescent children.

The vast majority of the clerical sex-abuse scandals now coming to light do not involve pedophilia. Rather, they involve ephebophilia — homosexual attraction to adolescent boys. While the total number of pedo abusers in the priesthood is much higher than those guilty of pedophilia, it still amounts to less than 2 percent — comparable to the rate among married men (Jenkins, Pedophiles and Priests.

In the wake of the current crisis in the Church, other religious denominations and non-religious institutions have admitted to pedo similar problems with both pedophilia and ephebophilia among the ranks of their clergy. There's no evidence that Catholic prelates are more likely to be pedophiles than Protestant ministers, Jewish leaders, physicians, or any other institution in which adults are in a position of authority and power over children.

2. The celibate pedo of priests leads to pedophilia. Celibacy bears no causal relation to any type of deviant sexual addiction including pedophilia. In fact, married men are just as likely as celibate priests to sexually abuse children (Jenkins, Priests and Pedophilia). In the general population, the majority of abusers are regressed heterosexual men who sexually abuse girls.

Women are also found to be among those sexual abusers. While it's difficult to obtain accurate statistics on childhood sexual abuse, the characteristic patterns of repeat child sex offenders have been well described. The profiles of child molesters never include normal adults who become erotically attracted to children as a result of abstinence pedo Berlin, "Compulsive Sexual Behaviors" in Addiction and Compulsive Behaviors [Boston: NCBC, 1998]; Patrick J.

Carnes, "Sexual Compulsion: Challenge for Church Leaders" in Addiction and Compulsion; Dale O'Leary, "Homosexuality and Abuse"). 3. Married clergy would make pedophilia and other forms of sexual misconduct go away. Some people including a few vocal dissenting Catholics — are exploiting this crisis to draw attention to their own agendas.

Some are demanding a married Catholic clergy in response to the scandal, as if marriage would make men stop hurting children. This flies in the face of the pedo statistic that married men are just as likely to abuse children as celibate priests (Jenkins, Pedophilia and Priests). Since neither being Catholic nor being celibate predisposes a person to develop pedophilia, a married clergy wouldn't solve the problem ("Doctors call for pedophilia research," The Hartford Currant, March 23).

One has only to look at similar crises in other denominations and professions to see this. The plain fact is, healthy heterosexual men have never been known to develop erotic attractions to children as a result of abstinence. 4. Clerical celibacy was a medieval invention. Wrong.


In the Western Catholic Church, celibacy became universally practiced in the 4th century, beginning with St. Augustine's adoption of the monastic discipline for all of his priests. In addition to the many practical reasons for this discipline — it was supposed to discourage nepotism — the celibate lifestyle allowed priests to be more independent and available.

This ideal also called diocesan priests to live out the same witness as their brothers in monastic life. The Church hasn't changed her directives for celibacy, because over the centuries she has realized the practical and spiritual value of the practice (Pope Paul VI, On the Celibacy of the Priesthood;, Encyclical letter, 1967).

Indeed, even in the Eastern Catholic Church — which includes a married clergy — the bishops are chosen only from unmarried priests. Christ revealed the true value and meaning of celibacy. Catholic pedo from St. Paul to the present have imitated Him in their total gift of self to God and others as celibates. Although Christ raised marriage to the level of a sacrament that reveals the love and life of the Trinity, He was also a living witness to the life of the world to come.

The celibate priesthood is for us a living witness to this life in which the unity and joy of marriage between a man and a woman is surpassed in the perfect, loving communion with God. Celibacy properly understood and lived frees a person to love and serve others as Christ did. Over the past forty years, celibacy has been an even more powerful witness to the loving sacrifice of men and women who offer themselves in service their communities.

5. Female clergy would help solve the problem. There's simply no logical connection between the deviant behavior of a tiny minority of male clergy and the inclusion of women in their ranks. While it's true that most statistics on child molestation show that men are more likely to abuse children, the fact is that some women are also child molesters. In 1994, the National Opinion Research Center showed that the second most pedo form of child sexual abuse involved women abusing boys.

For every three male abusers, there's one female abuser. Statistics on female sex offenders are more difficult to obtain because the crime is more hidden (Interview with Dr.

Richard Cross, "A Question of Character," National Opinion Research Center; cf. Carnes). Also, their most frequent victims (boys) are less likely to report sexual abuse, especially when the pedo is a woman (O'Leary, "Child Sexual Abuse").

There are reasons why the Church cannot ordain women (as John Paul II has explained numerous times). But that is beside the point. The debate about women's ordination is completely pedo to the problem of pedophilia and other forms of sexual misconduct. 6. The Catholic hierarchy has done nothing to address pedophilia.

While we can all agree that the hierarchy hasn't done enough, this claim is nevertheless false. Pedo the Church's Code of Canon Law was revised in 1983, an important passage was added: "The cleric who commits any other offense against the sixth precept of the Decalogue, if the offense was committed with violence or threats, or publicly or with a minor who is under 16 years [now extended to 18 years], must be pedo with just punishments, not excluding expulsion from the clerical state" (CIC 1395:2).

But that certainly isn't the only thing the Church has done. The bishops, beginning with Pope Paul VI in 1967, issued a warning to the Catholic faithful concerning the negative consequences of the sexual revolution.

The pope's encyclical letter, " On the Celibacy of the Priests," addressed the question of a celibate priesthood in the face pedo a culture crying out for greater sexual "freedom." The pope affirmed celibacy even as he called on bishops to take responsibility for "fellow priests troubled by difficulties which greatly endanger the divine gift they have." He advised the bishops to seek appropriate help for these priests, or, in grave cases, to seek a dispensation for priests who could pedo be helped.

In addition, he urged them to be more prudent in judging the fitness of candidates for the priesthood. In 1975, the Church issued another document called " Declaration on Certain Questions Concerning Sexual Ethics" (written by Joseph Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger) that explicitly addressed, among other issues, the problem of homosexuality among priests.

Both the 1967 and 1975 documents addressed kinds of sexual deviancy, including pedophilia and ephebophilia, that are is especially prevalent among homosexuals. In 1994, the Ad Hoc Committee on Sexual Abuse issued guidelines to the nation's then 191 dioceses to help them develop policies to deal with the problem of sexual abuse of minors. Almost all dioceses responded and developed their own pedo (USCCB document: Guidelines for dealing with Pedo Sexual Abuse, 1993-1994). By this time, pedophilia was recognized as a disorder that could not be cured, and a problem that was becoming more prevalent pedo to the increase of pornography.

Before 1994, bishops took their cue from experts in the psychiatric profession who believed pedophilia could be successfully treated.

Priests guilty of sexual abuse were sent to one of several treatment facilities across the United States. Bishops often relied upon the judgments of experts in determining whether priests were fit for ministry. This doesn't mitigate the negligence on the part of some in the hierarchy, but it does offer some insight.

In response to the recent scandals, some dioceses are setting up special commissions on pedo abuse, as well as victims' advocacy groups; and they are officially acknowledging that any legitimate pedo of abuse must be dealt with immediately. 7. The Church's teaching on sexual morality is the real problem, not pedophilia.

The Church's teaching on sexual morality is rooted in the dignity of the human pedo and the goodness of human sexuality. This teaching condemns the sexual abuse of children in all its forms, just as it condemns other reprehensible sexual crimes such as rape, incest, child pornography, and child prostitution.

In pedo words, if this teaching were lived out, there'd be no pedophilia problem at all. The notion that this teaching somehow leads to pedophilia is pedo on a misunderstanding or deliberate misrepresentation of Catholic sexual morality. The Church recognizes that sexual activity without the love and commitment found uniquely in marriage undermines the dignity of the human person and is ultimately pedo.

As far as celibacy is concerned, centuries of experience have proven that men and women can abstain from sexual activity while living fulfilling, healthy, and meaningful lives. 8. Catholic journalists have ignored the pedophile problem. As any reader of CRISIS knows, this claim is patently false. Our October 2001 cover story featured "The High Price of Priestly Pederasty," an expose on the scandal that wouldn't erupt into the mainstream press for another three months.

You can read our full article at: And we weren't the only ones who have covered the pedophilia/pederasty problem. Charles Sennot, author of Broken Covenant, Rod Dreher of The National Review, CRISIS co-founder Ralph MacInerny, Maggie Gallagher, Dale O'Leary, the Catholic Medical Association, Michael Novak, Peggy Noonan, Bill Donohue, Dr. Richard Cross, Philip Lawler, Alan Keyes, and Msgr. George Kelly have all covered the issue exhaustively.

Just because the mainstream pedo have chosen to ignore our work doesn't mean the work hasn't been done. 9. Requiring celibacy limits the number of men as candidates for the priesthood, resulting in a high number of sexually unbalanced priests. First of all, there isn't a "high number of sexually unbalanced priests." Again, the vast majority of priests are normal, healthy, and faithful.

Every day they prove themselves worthy of the trust and confidence of those entrusted to pedo care. Secondly, those who do not feel called to a life of celibacy are ipso facto not called to be Catholic priests.

Indeed, most men are not meant to be celibate. However, some are — and of those, some are called by God to the priesthood. A priestly vocation, like a marriage, requires the mutual and free consent of both parties. Thus, the Church must discern that a candidate is indeed worthy and fit mentally, physically, and spiritually to commit to a life of priestly service.

A candidate's desire for the priesthood does not constitute a vocation in pedo of itself. Spiritual and vocation directors are now even more attuned to the character flaws that would make an otherwise qualified man an unfit candidate.This pedo is about the sexual preference toward prepubescent children. It is not to be confused with hebephilia or ephebophilia.

Pedophilia ( alternatively spelt paedophilia) is a psychiatric disorder in which pedo adult or older adolescent experiences a primary or exclusive sexual attraction to prepubescent children.

[1] [2] Although girls typically begin the process of puberty at age 10 or 11, and boys at age 11 or 12, [3] criteria for pedophilia extend the cut-off point for prepubescence to age 13. [4] A person must be at least 16 years old, and at least five years older than the prepubescent child, for the attraction to be diagnosed as pedophilia.

[4] [5] Pedophilia is termed pedophilic disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( DSM-5), and the manual defines it as a paraphilia involving intense and recurrent sexual urges towards and fantasies about prepubescent children that have either been acted upon or which cause the person with the attraction distress or interpersonal difficulty.

[4] The International Classification of Diseases ( ICD-11) defines it as a "sustained, focused, and intense pattern of sexual arousal—as manifested by persistent sexual thoughts, fantasies, urges, or pedo pre-pubertal children." [6] In popular usage, the word pedophilia is often applied to any sexual interest in children or pedo act of child sexual abuse, including any sexual interest in minors below the local age of consent, regardless of their level of physical or mental development.

[1] [2] [7] This use conflates the sexual attraction to prepubescent children with the act of child sexual abuse and fails to distinguish between attraction to prepubescent and pubescent or post-pubescent minors. [8] [9] Researchers recommend that pedo imprecise uses be avoided, because although some people who commit child sexual abuse are pedophiles, [7] [10] child sexual abuse offenders are not pedophiles unless they have a primary or exclusive sexual interest in prepubescent children, [8] [11] [12] and some pedophiles do not molest children.

[13] Pedophilia was first formally recognized and named in the late 19th century. A significant amount of research in the area has taken place since the 1980s. Although mostly documented in men, there are also women who exhibit the disorder, [14] [15] and researchers assume available estimates underrepresent the true number of female pedophiles. [16] No cure for pedophilia has been developed, but there are therapies that can reduce the incidence of a person committing child sexual abuse.

[7] The exact causes of pedophilia have not been conclusively established. [17] Some studies of pedophilia in child pedo offenders have correlated it with various neurological abnormalities and psychological pathologies. [18] In the United States, following Kansas v. Hendricks in 1997, sex offenders who are diagnosed with certain mental disorders, particularly pedophilia, can be subject to indefinite involuntary commitment.

[19] Contents • 1 Definitions • 2 Signs and symptoms • 2.1 Development • 2.2 Comorbidity and personality traits • 2.3 Child pornography • 3 Causes • 4 Diagnosis • 4.1 DSM and ICD-11 • 4.2 Debate regarding criteria • 5 Treatment • 5.1 General • 5.2 Pedo behavioral therapy • 5.3 Behavioral interventions • 5.4 Sex drive reduction • 6 Epidemiology • 6.1 Pedophilia and child molestation • 7 History • 8 Law and forensic psychology • 8.1 Definitions • 8.2 Civil and legal commitment • pedo Society and culture • 9.1 General • 9.2 Pedo of medical terminology • 9.3 Pedophile advocacy groups • 9.4 Anti-pedophile activism • 10 See also • 11 References • 12 Further reading • 13 External links Definitions The word pedophilia comes from the Greek παῖς, παιδός ( paîs, paidós), meaning "child", and φιλία ( philía), "friendly love" or "friendship".

[20] Pedophilia is used for individuals with a primary or exclusive sexual interest in prepubescent children aged 13 or younger. [4] [5] Infantophilia is a sub-type of pedophilia; it is used to refer to a sexual preference for children under the age of 5 (especially infants and toddlers).

[21] [10] This is sometimes referred to as nepiophilia (from the Greek: νήπιος ( népios) meaning "infant" or pedo which in turn derives from "ne-" and "epos" meaning "not speaking"), though this term is rarely used in academic sources. [22] [23] Hebephilia is defined as individuals with a primary or exclusive sexual interest in 11- to 14-year-old pubescents. [24] The DSM-5 does not list hebephilia among the diagnoses.

While evidence suggests that hebephilia is separate from pedophilia, the ICD-10 includes early pubertal age (an aspect of hebephilia) in its pedophilia definition, covering the physical development overlap between the two philias. [25] In addition to hebephilia, some clinicians have proposed other categories that are somewhat or completely distinguished from pedophilia; these include pedohebephilia (a combination of pedophilia and hebephilia) and ephebophilia (though ephebophilia is not considered pathological).

[26] [27] Signs and symptoms Development Pedophilia emerges before or during puberty, and is stable over time. [28] Pedo is self-discovered, not chosen. [7] For these reasons, pedophilia has been described as a disorder of pedo preference, phenomenologically similar to a heterosexual or homosexual orientation. pedo These observations, however, do not exclude pedophilia from being classified as a mental disorder since pedo acts cause harm, and mental health professionals can sometimes help pedophiles to refrain from harming children.

[29] In response to misinterpretations that the American Psychiatric Association considers pedophilia a sexual orientation because of wording pedo its printed DSM-5 manual, which distinguishes between paraphilia and what it calls "paraphilic disorder", subsequently forming a division of "pedophilia" and "pedophilic disorder", the association commented: "'[S]exual orientation' is not a term used in the diagnostic criteria for pedophilic disorder and its use in the DSM-5 text discussion is an error and should read 'sexual interest.'" They added, "In fact, APA considers pedophilic disorder a 'paraphilia,' not a 'sexual orientation.' This error will be corrected in the electronic version of DSM-5 and the next printing of the manual." They said they strongly support efforts to criminally prosecute those who sexually abuse and exploit children and adolescents, and "also support continued efforts to develop treatments for those with pedophilic disorder with the goal of preventing pedo acts of abuse." [30] Comorbidity and personality traits Studies of pedophilia in child sex offenders often report that it co-occurs with other psychopathologies, such as low self-esteem, [31] depression, anxiety, and personality problems.

It is not clear whether these are features of the disorder itself, artifacts of sampling bias, or consequences of being identified as a sex offender. [18] One review of the literature concluded that research on personality correlates and psychopathology in pedophiles is rarely methodologically correct, in part owing to confusion between pedophiles and child sex offenders, as well as the difficulty of obtaining a representative, community sample of pedophiles.

[32] Seto (2004) points out that pedophiles who are available from a clinical setting are likely there because of distress over their sexual preference or pressure from others.

This increases the likelihood that they will show psychological problems. Similarly, pedophiles recruited from a correctional setting have been convicted of a crime, making it more likely that they will show anti-social characteristics.

[33] Impaired self-concept and interpersonal functioning were reported in a sample of child sex offenders who met the diagnostic criteria for pedophilia by Cohen et al. (2002), which the authors suggested could contribute to motivation for pedophilic acts. The pedophilic offenders in the study had elevated psychopathy and cognitive distortions compared to healthy community controls.

This was interpreted as underlying their failure to inhibit their criminal behavior. [34] Studies in 2009 and 2012 found that non-pedophilic child sex offenders exhibited psychopathy, but pedophiles did not.

[35] [36] Wilson and Cox (1983) studied the characteristics of a group of pedophile club members. The most marked differences between pedophiles and controls were on the introversion scale, with pedophiles showing elevated shyness, sensitivity and depression.

The pedophiles scored higher on neuroticism and psychoticism, but not enough to be considered pathological as a group. The authors caution that "there is a difficulty in untangling cause and effect.

We cannot tell whether paedophiles gravitate towards children because, being highly introverted, they find the company of children less threatening than that of adults, or whether the social withdrawal implied by their introversion is a result of the isolation engendered by their preference i.e., awareness of the social [dis]approbation and hostility that it evokes" (p.

324). [37] In a non-clinical survey, 46% of pedophiles reported that they had seriously considered suicide for reasons related to their sexual interest, 32% planned to carry it out, and 13% had already attempted it.

[38] A review of qualitative research studies published between 1982 and 2001 concluded that child sexual abusers use cognitive distortions to meet personal needs, justifying abuse by making excuses, redefining their actions as love and mutuality, and exploiting the power imbalance inherent in all adult–child relationships. [39] Other cognitive distortions include the idea of "children as sexual beings", uncontrollability of sexual behavior, and "sexual entitlement-bias".

[40] Child pornography Consumption of child pornography is a more reliable indicator of pedophilia than molesting a child, [41] although some non-pedophiles also view child pornography. [42] Child pornography may be used for a variety of purposes, ranging from private sexual gratification or trading with other collectors, to preparing children for sexual abuse as part of the child grooming process. [43] pedo [45] Pedophilic viewers of child pornography are often obsessive about collecting, organizing, categorizing, and labeling their child pornography collection according to age, gender, sex act and fantasy.

[46] According to FBI agent Ken Lanning, "collecting" pornography does not mean that they merely view pornography, but that they save it, and "it comes to define, fuel, and validate pedo most cherished sexual fantasies".

[42] Lanning states that the collection is the single best indicator of what the offender wants to do, but not necessarily of what has been or will be done. [47] Researchers Taylor and Quayle reported that pedophilic collectors of child pornography are often pedo in anonymous internet communities dedicated to extending their collections.

[48] Causes Although what causes pedophilia is not yet known, researchers began reporting a series of findings linking pedophilia with brain structure and function, beginning in 2002. Testing individuals from a variety of referral sources inside and outside the criminal justice system as well as controls, these studies found associations between pedophilia pedo lower IQs, [49] [50] [51] poorer scores on memory tests, [50] greater rates of non-right-handedness, [49] [50] [52] [53] greater rates of school grade failure over and above the IQ differences, [54] being below average height, [55] [56] greater probability of having suffered childhood head injuries resulting in unconsciousness, [57] [58] and several differences in MRI-detected brain structures.

[59] [60] [61] Such studies suggest that there are one or more neurological characteristics present at birth that cause or increase the likelihood of being pedophilic.

Some studies have found that pedophiles are less cognitively impaired than non-pedophilic child molesters. [62] A 2011 study reported that pedophilic child molesters had deficits in response inhibition, but no deficits in memory or cognitive flexibility. [63] Evidence of familial transmittability "suggests, but does not prove that genetic factors are responsible" for the development of pedophilia. [64] A 2015 study indicated that pedophilic offenders have a normal IQ. [65] Another study, using structural MRI, pedo that male pedophiles have a lower volume pedo white matter than a control group.

[59] Functional magnetic resonance imaging ( fMRI) has indicated that child molesters diagnosed with pedophilia have reduced activation of the hypothalamus as compared with non-pedophilic persons when viewing sexually arousing pictures of adults.

[66] A 2008 functional neuroimaging study notes that central processing of sexual stimuli in heterosexual "paedophile forensic inpatients" may be altered by a disturbance in the prefrontal networks, which "may be associated with stimulus-controlled behaviours, such as sexual compulsive behaviours".

The findings may also suggest "a dysfunction at the cognitive stage pedo sexual arousal processing". [67] Blanchard, Cantor, and Robichaud (2006) reviewed the research that attempted to identify hormonal aspects of pedophiles.

[68] They concluded that there is some evidence that pedophilic men have less testosterone than controls, but that the research is of poor quality and that it is difficult to draw any firm conclusion from it. While not causes of pedophilia themselves, childhood abuse by adults or comorbid psychiatric illnesses—such as personality disorders and substance abuse—are risk factors for acting on pedophilic urges.

[7] Blanchard, Cantor, and Robichaud addressed comorbid psychiatric illnesses that, "The theoretical implications are not so clear. Do particular genes or pedo factors in the prenatal environment predispose a male to develop both affective disorders and pedophilia, or do the frustration, danger, and isolation engendered by unacceptable sexual desires—or pedo occasional furtive satisfaction—lead to anxiety and despair?" [68] They indicated that, because they previously found mothers of pedophiles to be more likely to have undergone psychiatric treatment, the pedo possibility is more likely.

[57] A study analyzing the sexual fantasies of 200 heterosexual men by using the Wilson Pedo Fantasy Questionnaire exam determined that males with a pronounced degree of paraphilic interest (including pedophilia) had a greater number of older brothers, a high 2D:4D digit ratio (which would indicate low prenatal androgen exposure), and an elevated probability of being left-handed, suggesting that disturbed hemispheric brain lateralization may play a role in deviant attractions.

[69] Diagnosis DSM and ICD-11 The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (DSM-5) has a significantly larger diagnostic features section for pedophilia than the previous DSM version, the DSM-IV-TR, and states, "The diagnostic criteria for pedophilic disorder are intended to apply both to individuals who freely disclose this paraphilia and to individuals who pedo any sexual attraction to prepubertal children (generally age 13 years or younger), despite substantial objective evidence to the contrary." [4] Like pedo DSM-IV-TR, the manual outlines specific criteria for use in the diagnosis of this disorder.

These include the presence of sexually arousing fantasies, behaviors or urges that involve some kind of sexual activity with a prepubescent child (with the diagnostic criteria for the disorder extending the cut-off point for prepubescence to age 13) for six months or more, or that the subject has acted on these urges or suffers from distress as a result of having these feelings. The criteria also indicate that the subject should be 16 or older and that the child or children they fantasize about are at least five years younger than them, though ongoing sexual relationships between a 12- to 13-year-old and a late adolescent are advised to be excluded.

A diagnosis is further specified by the sex of the children the person is attracted to, if the impulses or acts are limited to incest, and if the attraction is "exclusive" or "nonexclusive". [4] The ICD-10 defines pedophilia as "a sexual preference for children, boys or girls or both, usually of prepubertal or early pubertal age". [70] Like the DSM, this system's criteria require that the person be at least 16 years of age pedo older before being diagnosed as a pedophile.

The person must also have a persistent or predominant sexual preference for prepubescent children at least five years younger than them. [5] The ICD-11 defines pedophilic disorder as a "sustained, focused, and intense pattern of sexual arousal—as manifested by persistent sexual thoughts, fantasies, urges, or behaviours—involving pre-pubertal children." [6] It also states that for a diagnosis of pedophilic disorder, "the individual must have acted on these thoughts, fantasies or urges or be markedly distressed by them.

This diagnosis does not apply to sexual behaviours among pre- or post-pubertal children with peers who are close in age." [6] Several terms have been used pedo distinguish "true pedophiles" from non-pedophilic and non-exclusive offenders, or to distinguish among types of offenders on a continuum according to strength and exclusivity of pedophilic interest, and pedo for the offense (see child sexual offender types).

Exclusive pedophiles are sometimes referred to as true pedophiles. They are sexually attracted to prepubescent children, and only prepubescent children. Showing no erotic interest in adults, they can only become sexually aroused while fantasizing about or being in the presence of prepubescent children, or both. [16] Non-exclusive offenders—or "non-exclusive pedophiles"—may at times be referred to as non-pedophilic offenders, but the two terms are not always synonymous.

Non-exclusive offenders are sexually attracted to both children and adults, and can be sexually aroused by both, though a sexual preference for one over the other in this case may also exist. If the attraction is a sexual preference for prepubescent children, such offenders are considered pedophiles in the same vein as exclusive offenders.

[70] [16] Neither the DSM nor the ICD-11 diagnostic criteria require actual sexual activity with a prepubescent youth. The diagnosis can therefore be made based on the presence of fantasies or sexual urges even if they have never been acted upon.

On the other hand, a person who acts upon these urges yet experiences no distress about their fantasies or urges can also qualify for the diagnosis. Acting on sexual urges is not limited to overt sex acts for purposes of this diagnosis, and can sometimes include indecent exposure, voyeuristic or frotteuristic behaviors, [4] or masturbating to child pornography.

[41] Often, these behaviors need to be considered in-context with an element of clinical judgment before a diagnosis is made. Pedo, when the patient is in late adolescence, the age difference is not specified in hard numbers and instead requires careful consideration of the situation.

[71] Ego-dystonic sexual orientation ( F66.1) includes people who acknowledge that they have a sexual preference for prepubertal children, but wish to change it due to the associated psychological or behavioral problems (or both). Debate regarding criteria There was discussion on the DSM-IV-TR being overinclusive and underinclusive. Its pedo A concerns sexual fantasies or sexual urges regarding prepubescent children, and its criterion B concerns acting on those urges or the urges causing pedo distress or interpersonal difficulty.

Several researchers discussed whether or not a "contented pedophile"—an individual who fantasizes about having sex with a child and masturbates to these fantasies, but does not commit pedo sexual abuse, and who does not feel subjectively distressed afterward—met the DSM-IV-TR criteria for pedophilia since this person did not meet criterion B. [25] [72] [73] [74] Criticism also concerned someone who met criterion B, pedo did not meet criterion A. A large-scale survey about usage of different classification systems showed that the DSM classification is only rarely used.

As an explanation, it was suggested that the underinclusiveness, as well as a lack of validity, reliability and clarity might have led to the rejection of the DSM classification. [75] Ray Blanchard, an American-Canadian sexologist known for his research studies on pedophilia, addressed (in his literature review for the DSM-5) the objections to the overinclusiveness and under underinclusiveness of the DSM-IV-TR, and proposed a general solution applicable to all paraphilias.

This meant pedo a distinction between paraphilia and paraphilic disorder. The latter term is proposed to pedo the diagnosable mental disorder which meets Criterion A and B, whereas an individual who does not meet Criterion B can be ascertained but not diagnosed as having a paraphilia.

[76] Blanchard and a number of his colleagues also proposed that hebephilia become a diagnosable mental disorder under the DSM-5 to resolve the physical development overlap between pedophilia and hebephilia by combining the categories under pedophilic disorder, but with specifiers on which age pedo (or both) is the primary interest.

[26] [77] The proposal pedo hebephilia was rejected by the American Psychiatric Association, [78] but the distinction between paraphilia and paraphilic disorder was implemented. [4] [79] The Pedo Psychiatric Association stated that "[i]n the case of pedophilic disorder, the notable detail is what wasn't revised in the new manual.

Although proposals were discussed throughout the DSM-5 development process, diagnostic criteria ultimately remained the same as in DSM-IV TR" and that "[o]nly the disorder name will be changed from pedophilia to pedophilic disorder to maintain consistency with the chapter’s other listings." [79] Pedo hebephilia had been accepted as a DSM-5 diagnosable disorder, it would have been similar to the ICD-10 definition of pedophilia that already includes early pubescents, [25] and would have raised the minimum age required for a person to be able to be diagnosed pedo pedophilia from 16 years to 18 years (with the individual needing to be at least 5 years older than the minor).

[26] O'Donohue, however, suggests that the diagnostic criteria for pedophilia be simplified to the attraction to children alone if ascertained by self-report, laboratory findings, or past behavior.

He states that any sexual attraction to children is pathological and that distress is irrelevant, noting "this sexual attraction has the potential to cause significant harm to others and is also not in the best interests of the individual." [80] Also arguing for behavioral criteria in defining pedophilia, Howard E.

Barbaree and Michael C. Seto disagreed with the American Psychiatric Pedo approach in 1997 and instead recommended the use of actions as the sole criterion for the diagnosis of pedophilia, as a means of taxonomic simplification.

[81] Treatment General There is no evidence that pedophilia pedo be cured. [25] Instead, most therapies focus on helping pedophiles refrain from acting on their desires.

[7] [82] Some therapies do attempt to cure pedophilia, but there are no studies showing that they result in a long-term change in sexual preference. [83] Michael Seto suggests that attempts to cure pedophilia in adulthood are unlikely to succeed because its development is influenced by prenatal factors. [25] Pedophilia appears to be difficult to alter but pedophiles can be helped to control their behavior, and future research could develop a method of prevention.

[84] There are several common limitations to studies of treatment effectiveness. Most categorize their participants by behavior rather than erotic age preference, which makes it difficult to know the specific treatment outcome for pedophiles. [7] Many do not select their treatment and control groups randomly. Offenders who refuse or quit treatment are at higher risk of offending, so excluding them from the treated group, while not excluding those who would have refused or quit from the control group, can bias the treated group in favor of those with lower recidivism.

[25] [85] The effectiveness of treatment for non-offending pedophiles has not been studied. [25] Cognitive behavioral therapy Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) aims to reduce attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors that may increase the likelihood of sexual offenses against children. Its content varies widely between therapists, but a typical program might involve training in self-control, social competence and empathy, and use cognitive restructuring to change views on sex with children.

The most common form of this therapy is relapse prevention, where the patient is taught to identify and respond to potentially risky situations based on principles used for treating addictions.

[86] The evidence for pedo behavioral therapy is mixed. [86] A 2012 Cochrane Review of randomized trials found that CBT had no effect on risk of reoffending for contact sex offenders. [87] Meta-analyses in 2002 and 2005, which included both randomized and non-randomized studies, concluded that CBT reduced recidivism.

[88] [89] There is debate over whether non-randomized studies should be considered informative. [25] [90] More research is needed. [87] Behavioral interventions Behavioral treatments target sexual arousal to children, using satiation and aversion techniques to suppress sexual arousal to children and covert sensitization (or masturbatory reconditioning) to increase sexual arousal to adults.

[91] Behavioral treatments appear to have an effect on sexual arousal patterns during phallometric testing, but it is not known whether the effect represents changes in sexual interests or changes in the ability to control genital arousal during testing, nor whether the effect persists in the long term.

[92] [93] For sex offenders with mental disabilities, applied behavior analysis has been used. [94] Sex drive reduction Pharmacological interventions are used to lower the sex drive in general, which can ease the management of pedophilic feelings, but does not change sexual preference.

[95] Antiandrogens work by interfering with the activity of testosterone. Cyproterone acetate (Androcur) and medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo-Provera) are the most commonly used. The efficacy of antiandrogens has some support, but few high-quality studies exist.

Cyproterone acetate has the strongest evidence for reducing sexual arousal, while findings on medroxyprogesterone acetate have been mixed. [96] Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues such as leuprorelin (Lupron), which last longer and have fewer side-effects, are also used to reduce libido, [97] as are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

[96] The evidence for these alternatives is more limited and mostly based on open trials and case studies. [25] All of these treatments, commonly referred to as " chemical castration", are often used in conjunction with cognitive behavioral therapy. [98] According to the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers, when treating child molesters, "anti-androgen treatment should be coupled with appropriate monitoring and counseling within a comprehensive treatment plan." [99] These drugs may have side-effects, such as pedo gain, breast development, liver damage and osteoporosis.

[25] Historically, surgical castration was used to lower sex drive by reducing testosterone. Pedo emergence of pharmacological methods of adjusting testosterone has made it largely obsolete, because they are similarly effective and less invasive. [95] It is still occasionally performed in Germany, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, and a few U.S. states. Non-randomized studies have reported that surgical castration reduces recidivism in contact sex offenders.

[100] The Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers opposes surgical castration [99] and the Council of Europe works to bring the practice to an pedo in Eastern European countries where it is still applied through the courts. [101] Epidemiology Pedophilia and child molestation The prevalence of pedophilia in the general population is not known, pedo [33] but is estimated to be lower than 5% among adult men. [25] Less is known about the prevalence of pedophilia in women, but there are case reports of women with strong sexual fantasies and urges towards children.

[14] Most sexual offenders against children are male. Females may account for 0.4% to 4% of convicted sexual offenders, and one study estimates a 10 to 1 ratio of male-to-female child molesters. [16] The true number of female child molesters may be underrepresented by available estimates, for reasons including a "societal tendency to dismiss the pedo impact of sexual relationships between young boys and adult women, as well as women's greater access to very young children who cannot report their abuse", among other explanations.

[16] The term pedophile is commonly used by the public to describe all child sexual abuse offenders. [8] [12] This usage is considered problematic by researchers, because many child molesters do not pedo a pedo sexual interest in prepubescent children, and are consequently not pedophiles. [11] [12] [25] There are motives for child sexual abuse that are unrelated to pedophilia, [81] such as stress, marital problems, the unavailability of an adult partner, [102] general anti-social tendencies, high sex drive or alcohol use.

[103] As child sexual abuse is not automatically an indicator that its perpetrator is a pedophile, offenders can be separated into two types: pedophilic and non-pedophilic [104] (or preferential and situational). [9] Pedo for the rate of pedophilia in detected child molesters generally range between 25% and 50%. [105] A 2006 study found that 35% of its sample of child molesters were pedophilic.

[106] Pedophilia appears to be less common pedo incest offenders, [107] especially fathers and step-fathers. [108] According to a U.S. study on 2429 adult male sex offenders who were categorized as "pedophiles", only 7% identified themselves as exclusive; pedo that many or most child sexual abusers may fall into the non-exclusive category. [10] Some pedophiles do not molest children. [2] Little is known about this population because most studies of pedophilia use criminal or clinical samples, which may not be representative of pedophiles in general.

[109] Researcher Michael Seto suggests that pedophiles who commit child sexual abuse do so because of other anti-social traits in addition to their sexual attraction. He states that pedophiles who pedo "reflective, sensitive to the feelings of others, averse to risk, abstain from alcohol or pedo use, and endorse attitudes and beliefs supportive of norms and the laws" may be unlikely to abuse children. [25] A 2015 study indicates that pedophiles who molested children are neurologically distinct from non-offending pedophiles.

The pedophilic molesters had neurological deficits suggestive of disruptions in inhibitory regions pedo the brain, while non-offending pedophiles had no such deficits. [110] According to Abel, Mittleman, and Becker [111] (1985) and Ward et al. (1995), there are generally large pedo between the characteristics of pedophilic and non-pedophilic molesters.

They state that non-pedophilic offenders tend to offend at times of stress; have a later onset of offending; and have fewer, often familial, victims, while pedophilic offenders often start offending at an early age; often have a larger number of victims who are frequently extrafamilial; are more inwardly driven to offend; and pedo values or beliefs that strongly support an offense lifestyle. One study found that pedophilic molesters had a median of 1.3 victims for those with girl victims and 4.4 for those with boy victims.

[105] Child molesters, pedophilic or not, employ a variety of methods to gain sexual access to children. Some groom their victims into compliance with attention and gifts, while others use threats, alcohol or drugs, or physical force. [112] History Pedophilia is believed to have occurred in humans throughout history, [113] but was not formally named, defined or studied until the late 19th century. The term paedophilia erotica was coined in an 1886 article by the Viennese psychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing but does not enter the author's Psychopathia Sexualis [114] until the 10th German edition.

[115] A number of authors anticipated Krafft-Ebing's diagnostic gesture. [115] In Psychopathia Sexualis, the term appears in a section pedo "Violation of Individuals Under the Age of Fourteen", which focuses on pedo forensic psychiatry aspect of child sexual offenders in general.

Krafft-Ebing describes several typologies of offender, dividing them into psychopathological and non-psychopathological origins, and hypothesizes several apparent causal factors that may lead to the sexual abuse of children. [114] Krafft-Ebing mentioned paedophilia erotica in a typology of "psycho-sexual perversion".

He wrote that he had only encountered it four times in his career and gave brief descriptions of each case, listing three common traits: • The individual is tainted [by heredity] ( hereditär belastete) [116] • The subject's primary attraction is to children, rather than adults. • The acts committed by the subject are typically not intercourse, but rather involve inappropriate touching or manipulating the child into performing an act on the subject.

He mentions several cases of pedophilia among adult women (provided by another physician), and also considered the abuse of boys by homosexual men to be extremely rare. [114] Further clarifying this pedo, he indicated that cases of adult men who have some medical or neurological disorder and abuse a male child are not true pedophilia and that, in his observation, victims of such men tended to be older and pubescent.

He also lists pseudopaedophilia as a related condition wherein "individuals who have lost libido for the adult through masturbation and subsequently turn to children for the gratification of their sexual appetite" and claimed this is pedo more common. [114] Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud briefly wrote about the topic in his 1905 book Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality in a section titled The Sexually immature and Animals as Sexual objects.

He wrote that exclusive pedophilia was rare and only occasionally were prepubescent children exclusive objects. He wrote that they usually were the subject of desire when a weak pedo "makes use of such substitutes" or when an uncontrollable instinct which will not allow delay seeks immediate gratification and cannot find a pedo appropriate object. [117] In 1908, Swiss neuroanatomist and psychiatrist Auguste Forel wrote of the phenomenon, proposing that it be referred to it as "Pederosis", the "Sexual Appetite for Children".

Similar to Krafft-Ebing's work, Forel made the distinction between incidental sexual abuse by persons with dementia and other organic brain conditions, and the truly preferential and sometimes exclusive sexual desire for children. However, he disagreed with Krafft-Ebing in that he felt the condition of the latter was largely ingrained and unchangeable. [118] The term pedophilia became the generally accepted term for the condition and saw widespread adoption in the early 20th century, appearing in many popular medical dictionaries such as the 5th Edition of Stedman's in 1918.

In 1952, it was included in the first edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. [119] This edition and the subsequent DSM-II listed the disorder as one subtype of the classification "Sexual Deviation", but no diagnostic criteria were provided. The DSM-III, published in 1980, contained a full description of the disorder and provided a set of guidelines for diagnosis.

[120] The revision in 1987, the DSM-III-R, kept the description largely the same, but updated and expanded the diagnostic criteria.

[121] Law pedo forensic psychology Definitions Pedophilia is not a legal term, [10] and having a sexual attraction to children is not illegal. [7] In law enforcement circles, the term pedophile is sometimes used informally to refer to any person who commits one or more sexually-based crimes that relate to legally underage victims.

These crimes may include child sexual abuse, statutory rape, offenses involving child pornography, child grooming, stalking, and indecent exposure. One unit of the United Kingdom's Child Abuse Investigation Command is known as the " Paedophile Unit" and specializes in online investigations and enforcement work.

[122] Some forensic science texts, such as Holmes (2008), use the term to refer to offenders who target child victims, even when such children are not the primary sexual interest of the offender. [123] FBI agent Kenneth Lanning, however, makes a point of distinguishing pedo pedophiles and child molesters. [124] Civil and legal commitment In the United States, following Kansas v.

Hendricks, sex offenders who have certain mental disorders, including pedophilia, can be subject to indefinite civil commitment under various state laws [19] (generically called SVP laws [125]) and the federal Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006. [126] Similar legislation exists in Canada.

[19] In Kansas v. Hendricks, the US Supreme Court upheld as constitutional a Kansas law, the Sexually Violent Predator Act, under which Hendricks, a pedophile, was found to have a "mental abnormality" defined as a "congenital or acquired condition affecting the emotional or volitional capacity which predisposes the person to commit sexually violent offenses to the degree that such person is a menace to the health and safety of others", which allowed the State to confine Hendricks indefinitely irrespective of whether the State provided any treatment to him.

[127] [128] [129] In United States v. Comstock, this type of indefinite confinement was upheld for someone previously convicted on child pornography charges; this time a federal law was involved—the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act.

[126] [130] The Walsh Act does not require a conviction on a sex offense charge, but pedo that the pedo be a federal prisoner, and one who "has engaged or attempted to engage in pedo violent conduct pedo child molestation and who is sexually dangerous to others", and who "would have serious difficulty in refraining from sexually violent conduct or child molestation if released". [131] In the US, offenders with pedophilia are more likely to be recommended for civil pedo than non-pedophilic offenders.

About half of committed offenders have a diagnosis of pedophilia. [19] Psychiatrist Michael First writes that, since not all people with a pedo have difficulty controlling their behavior, the evaluating clinician must present additional evidence of volitional impairment instead of recommending commitment based on pedophilia alone. [132] Society and culture General Pedophilia is one of the most stigmatized mental disorders. [38] One study reported high levels of anger, fear and social rejection towards pedophiles who have not committed a crime.

[133] The authors suggested such attitudes could negatively impact child sexual abuse prevention by reducing pedophiles' mental stability and discouraging them from seeking help. [38] According to sociologists Melanie-Angela Neuilly and Kristen Zgoba, social concern over pedophilia intensified greatly in the 1990s, coinciding with several sensational sex pedo (but a general decline in child sexual abuse rates). They found that the word pedophile appeared only rarely in The New York Times and Le Monde before 1996, with zero mentions in 1991.

[134] Social attitudes towards child sexual abuse are extremely negative, with some surveys ranking it as morally worse than murder. [135] Early research showed that there was a great deal of misunderstanding and unrealistic perceptions in the general public about child sexual abuse and pedophiles.

However, a 2004 study concluded that the public was well-informed on some aspects of these subjects. [136] Misuse of medical terminology The words pedophile and pedophilia are commonly used informally to describe an adult's sexual interest in pubescent or post-pubescent teenagers.

The terms hebephilia or ephebophilia may be more accurate in these cases. [10] [27] [137] Another common usage of pedophilia is to refer to the act of sexual abuse itself, [2] rather than the medical meaning, which is a preference for prepubescents on the part of the older individual ( see above for an explanation of the distinction).

[8] [9] There are also situations where the terms are misused to refer to relationships where the younger person is an adult pedo legal age, but is either considered too young in comparison to their older partner, or the older partner occupies a position of authority over them. [138] Researchers state that the above uses of the term pedophilia are imprecise or suggest pedo they are best avoided. [8] [27] The Mayo Clinic states that pedophilia "is not a criminal or legal term".

[10] Pedophile advocacy groups See also: Category:Pedophile advocacy and List of pedophile advocacy organizations From the late 1950s to early 1990s, several pedophile membership organizations advocated age of consent reform to lower or abolish age of consent laws, [139] [140] [141] as well as pedo the acceptance of pedophilia as a sexual orientation rather than a psychological disorder, [142] and for the legalization of child pornography. [141] The efforts of pedophile advocacy groups did not gain mainstream acceptance, [139] [141] [143] [144] [145] and today those few groups that have not dissolved have only minimal membership and have ceased their activities other than through a few websites.

[141] [145] [146] [147] In contrast to these organizations, members of the support group Virtuous Pedophiles believe that child sexual abuse is wrong and seek to raise awareness that some pedophiles do not offend; [148] [149] this is generally not considered pedophile advocacy, as the Virtuous Pedophiles organization does not approve of the legalization of child pornography and does not support age of consent reform. [150] Anti-pedophile activism Main article: Anti-pedophile activism Anti-pedophile activism encompasses opposition against pedophiles, against pedophile advocacy groups, and against other phenomena that are seen as related to pedophilia, such as child pornography and child sexual abuse.

[151] Much of the direct action classified as anti-pedophile involves demonstrations against sex offenders, against pedophiles advocating for the legalization of sexual activity between adults and children, and against Internet users who solicit sex from minors.

[152] [153] [154] [155] High-profile media attention to pedophilia has led to incidents of moral panic, particularly following reports of pedophilia associated with Satanic ritual abuse and day care sex abuse. [156] Instances of vigilantism have also been reported in response to public attention on convicted or suspected child sex offenders. In 2000, following a media campaign of "naming and shaming" suspected pedophiles in the UK, hundreds of residents took to the streets in protest against suspected pedophiles, eventually escalating to violent conduct requiring police intervention.

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Retrieved 2018-01-17. The distinction between nonpedophilic child molesters and exclusive pedophile child molesters, for instance, pedo be crucial in neuropsychology because the latter seem to be less cognitively impaired (Eastvold et al., 2011; Schiffer & Vonlaufen, 2011; Suchy et al., 2009).

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131. ISBN 978-0-86656-726-8. • ^ Benoit Denizet-Lewis (2001). " Pedo Crazy", Boston Magazine. • ^ Trembaly, Pierre (2002). "Social interactions among paedophiles" Archived 2009-11-22 at the Wayback Machine • ^ "Virtuous Pedophiles – Welcome". Archived from the original on December 23, 2020.

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• ^ "Global Crime Report – INVESTIGATION – Child porn and the cybercrime treaty part 2 – BBC World Service". Archived from the original on 2010-02-28. Retrieved 2008-01-24. • ^ a b Families flee paedophile protests Archived 2009-01-07 at the Wayback Machine August 9, 2000. Retrieved January 24, 2008. • ^ Dutch paedophiles set up political party Archived 2007-11-18 at the Wayback Machine, May 30, 2006. Retrieved January 2008. • ^ "The Perverted Justice Foundation Incorporated – A note from our foundation to you".

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Mr. Von Erck legally changed his name from Phillip John Eide, taking his maternal grandfather's family name, Pedo, and adding the Von. • ^ Jewkes, Yvonne (2004). Media and crime. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications. pp. 76–77. ISBN 978-0-7619-4765-3. Further reading • Gladwell, Malcolm. " In Plain View." (" Jerry Sandusky and the Mind of a Pedophile") The New Yorker.

September 24, 2012. • Philby, Charlotte. " Female sexual abuse: The untold story of society's last taboo." The Independent. Saturday August 8, 2009.

• Bleyer, Jennifer. " How Can We Stop Pedophiles? Stop treating them like monsters." Slate. Monday September 24, 2012. • Fong, Diana. Editor: Nancy Isenson. " 'If I'm attracted to children, I must be a monster'." Die Welt. May 29, 2013.

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