Tesla model s

tesla model s

• Rear-motor, rear-wheel drive • Dual-motor, all-wheel drive ( D models) Related Tesla Model X Powertrain Electric motor Front and rear motor combined output up to 615 kW (825 bhp), 1,300 N⋅m (960 lb⋅ft), 3-phase AC induction motor Transmission 1-speed fixed gear ratio (9.734:1 or 9.325:1); direct-drive [1] [2] Battery 100 kWh lithium ion Discontinued: 60 (40), 70, 75, 85 and 90 kWh lithium ion Electric range • Onboard charger • 3ϕ 400 V 16 A [3] ( Type tesla model s [4] 1ϕ 85–300 V 48 A (new front fascia variant) • Optional charger: 20 kW from 1ϕ 277 V 72 A • Dual charger: 21.1 kW from 1ϕ 264 V 80 A and 22 kW from 3ϕ 400 V 32 A; 19.2 kW from 2ϕ 240 V 80 A [5] (old front fascia variant); 16.5 kW from 3ϕ 400 V 24 A (new front fascia variant) [3] • Offboard charger • Supercharger at 150–250 kW DC Dimensions Wheelbase 116.5 in (2,960 mm) Length 195.9 in (4,980 mm) Width "Model S" redirects here.

For the fighter aircraft, see Curtiss Model S. The Tesla Model S tesla model s a battery-powered liftback car produced by Tesla, Inc. It was introduced on June 22, 2012, [9] and is positioned as Tesla's flagship model. In 2013, the Model S became the first electric car to top the monthly new-car-sales ranking in any country, leading twice in Norway, in September and December 2013 [10] [11] [12] [13] and in Denmark in December 2015.

[14] Sales passed 250,000 units in September 2018. [15] [16] [17] [18] The Tesla model s S was the top-selling plug-in electric car worldwide in 2015 and 2016, although it was later surpassed by the Model 3. [19] [20] [21] In an early review of the Model S, Consumer Reports declared, "This car performs better than anything we've ever tested before.

Let me repeat that: Not just the best electric car, but the best car. It does just about everything really, really well." [22] In 2019, Motor Trend named the 2013 Tesla Model S the ultimate "Car of the Year" over the magazine's entire 70-year history. [23] It received a refresh in June 2021. Contents • 1 History • 1.1 Introduction • 1.2 All-wheel Drive Update and Subsequent Changes • 2 Production • 3 Design • 3.1 Powertrain • 3.2 Battery • 3.2.1 Cell, group, module, pack • 3.2.2 Placement • 3.3 Energy consumption • 3.4 Charger • 3.4.1 North America • 3.4.2 Europe/Asia-Pacific • 3.5 Suspension • 3.6 Autopilot • 3.7 Instrument panel • 3.8 Autoshift • 3.9 Touchscreen • 3.10 Options • 3.11 Warranty and maintenance • 4 Versions • 4.1 Signature/Signature Performance • 4.2 60/60D/P85 • 4.3 70D • 4.4 85D • 4.5 P85D • 4.6 P90D • 4.7 P100D • 4.8 Raven • 4.9 Palladium (Plaid) • 5 Charging • 5.1 Home charging • 5.2 Destination charging • 5.3 Tesla Superchargers • 5.4 Battery swapping • 6 Sales and markets • 6.1 2016–2020 • 6.2 Sales by country • 6.2.1 Asia/Pacific • 6.2.2 Europe • 6.3 North America • 6.4 Retail sales model • 7 Safety • 7.1 Features • 7.2 Incidents • 7.2.1 Battery fire • 7.2.2 Subsequent fires • 7.2.3 First fatal accident involving Autopilot • 7.3 NHTSA safest car • 7.4 Recalls • 8 Recognition • 8.1 Awards • 8.2 Distance records • 8.3 Lap records • 9 Controversies • 9.1 Range limitation • 9.2 Power dissipation when not in use • 9.3 Consumer Reports' recommendation • 9.4 Power discrepancy • 9.5 Power consumption • 9.6 Plaid+ reservation issues • 10 See also • 11 References • 12 Further reading • 13 External links History [ edit ] Tesla Model S prototype at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show Introduction [ edit ] Model S was codenamed WhiteStar before its release.

It was officially announced on June 30, 2008. [24] [25] The prototype vehicle was displayed on March 26, 2009. [26] The exclusive premier was held at Tesla's Menlo Park store on April 8, 2009. First production Model S, with owner and Tesla board member Steve Jurvetson In May 2010 Tesla announced it would produce the Model S at the former NUMMI plant in Fremont, California, [27] which became known as the Tesla Factory.

In 2007, Tesla announced plans to build Model S sedans starting in 2009, [28] but production was repeatedly delayed to 2011. [29] The first ten customers received their cars tesla model s the Fremont factory on June 22, 2012, at the official launch.

[30] Production grew from 15–20 cars completed per week in August tesla model s [30] to about 1,000 cars per week in 2015. [31] In 2012, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) range for the base model was 208 mi (335 km) [32] while the longer range model was 265 miles (426 km).

[33] [34] Musk claimed that the Model S battery offered twice the energy density of the Nissan Leaf's, with more than double the range, increased by a low drag coefficient, motor efficiency and rolling resistance. [35] The original battery was similar to the Panasonic NCR18650B cell that offered an energy density of 265 Wh/kg.

[36] Analysts estimated battery costs to be around 21–22% of the car cost. [37] The 60 kWh battery was guaranteed for eight years or 125,000 miles (200,000 km), while the 85 kWh was guaranteed for eight years and unlimited miles.

[38] [39] In 2012, Tesla began building a network of 480-volt charging stations, called Tesla Superchargers, to facilitate long-distance travel. tesla model s The Center Display was powered by a Nvidia Tegra 3 3D Visual Computing Module (VCM), while the instrument cluster was driven by a separate Nvidia Tegra 2 VCM.

[41] [42] The Tegra system on a chip (SoC) integrated eight specialized processors, including a multi-core ARM CPU, a GPU, and dedicated audio, video and image processors. The Tesla Model S was the 2013 World Green Car of the Year, 2013 Motor Trend Car of the Year, Automobile magazine's 2013 Car of the Tesla model s, Time Magazine's Best 25 Inventions of the Year 2012, and Consumer Reports' top-scoring car in road testing.

In 2015, Car tesla model s Driver named the Model S the Car of the Century. [43] After not recommending the Model S in 2015 due to poor reliability, one year later, Consumer Reports added the car to its recommended list.

[44] [45] All-wheel Drive Update and Subsequent Changes [ edit ] On October 9, 2014, Tesla introduced "Dual Drive" all-wheel drive (AWD) versions of the Model S 60, 85, and P85 models, designated by a D at the end of the model number (the P represented performance). [46] [47] [48] Autopilot arrived in September 2014, supported by cameras, forward looking radar [49] [50] and ultrasonic acoustic location sensors that provided a 360-degree view. Deliveries of the P85D started in December 2014, with the 85D models following in February 2015, and the 70D models in April 2015.

[47] On April 8, 2015, Tesla discontinued the Model S 60. [51] In June 2015, Tesla said that Model S cars had traveled over 1 billion miles (1.6 billion km), the first all-electric car to reach that total.

[52] [53] (In 2014 the hybrid-electric Chevy Volt had travelled 1 billion miles, but only 629 million were all-electric miles, while Nissan said the all-electric Leaf had accumulated 625 million total miles. [53]) Global Model S sales passed 100,000 units in 2015, [54] and 150,000 in November 2016. [55] The 200,000 milestone was achieved by early in the fourth quarter of 2017. [15] In July 2015, Tesla announced its goal to make a Model S powertrain that lasted for one million miles.

[56] The 2015 update introduced electromechanical brakes. [57] In 2015, Tesla introduced a 70 kWh battery to replace the existing 60 kWh batteries and base 60 kWh Model S vehicles.

[58] [59] It introduced a 90 kWh battery as a "range upgrade" and explained that the 6% energy increase was due to "improved cell chemistry" [56] and the introduction of silicon into the cell's graphite anode.

[60] The 60 and 60D returned in 2016 with a software-limited, upgradeable 75 kWH battery and the "Bioweapon Defense Mode" air filter. [61] In April 2016, Tesla removed the black nose cone and added a body colored fascia, commonly referred to as a facelifted Tesla.

[62] The front fascia has a similar design as the Model X, adding adaptive LED headlights. A HEPA cabin air filtration system was added. The standard charger increased from 40 to 48 amps, speeding charging at higher-amperage outlets. Two ash wood interior options were added. [63] In August Tesla announced the P100D with the Ludicrous mode option, a 100 kWh battery with 315 miles (507 km) of range, [64] [65] weighing 625 kg in a 0.40 m³ volume; a density of 160 Wh/kg.

[66] In April 2017, Tesla ceased offering the 60 kWh software-limited battery option. The lowest-capacity option became the 75 kWh, and at the same time Tesla significantly reduced the software upgrade options for facelifted 60 and 70 models to be upgraded over-the-air to 75 (and rebadged at their next visit to a Tesla service center).

In August 2017, Tesla announced tesla model s HW2.5 included a secondary processor node to provide more computing power and additional wiring redundancy to improve reliability; it also enabled dashcam and sentry mode capabilities.

[67] [68] By 2017, in the Consumer Reports Car Reliability Survey, Tesla's position on the list had moved up four spots; the predicted reliability rating tesla model s Model S reached "above average" for the first time. [69] In March 2018 it was announced that Tesla had upgraded the Media Control Unit (MCU) to version 2. [70] MCU 2 improved the performance of the center screen, enabling Tesla Arcade and Tesla Theater.

[71] The center display and the instrument cluster were driven by a single multi-core x86 Intel Atom CPU. In May 2018 Tesla released incomplete source code [72] for the Model S on a GitHub repository as part of their software license compliance process in collaboration with the Software Freedom Conservancy. [73] [74] In an engineering refresh in May 2019, range was increased to 370 mi (600 km) and smart air suspension was added.

[75] As of 2019, Tesla claimed its drag coefficient had reached C d=0.23. [76] In February 2020, Tesla increased the range of the Model S to 390 mi (630 km) of range. [77] As of Tesla model s 2020 [update], Tesla operated 16,103 superchargers in 1,826 stations worldwide; these include 908 stations in the U.S., 98 in Canada, 16 in Mexico, 520 in Europe, and 398 in the Asia/Pacific region. [78] In August 2020 the range test results were updated by the EPA to 402 miles (647 km), higher than that of any other battery electric car.

[79] [80] [81] Tesla warranties finally specified a 70% battery loss limit. [82] [83] [84] On October 15, 2020, the U.S. price of the long-range version was lowered to $69,420.

[85] [86] [87] [88] In early 2021, with the introduction of an entirely new interior, now with landscape orientation of the MCU and more rear seat room, and a lightly modified exterior, Tesla changed the "Performance" and "Long Range" Model S branding in favor of "Plaid" and "Long Range," respectively.

On June 10, 2021, the Model S Plaid was released at a delivery event at the factory with nearly 30 new owners taking delivery that evening. At the delivery event references were made to the return of the third-row seating, allowing a total of seven passengers, however, as of September 2021, no such option was listed on Tesla's website.

Production ramped very slowly over the following months despite some prospective owners waiting since late-2020 for their cars. The Long Range version was EPA-rated to a new high of 405 miles when equipped with the standard, 19" wheels, making it the longest range EV in the world; the Plaid was listed at 396 miles of range. [89] Model S manufacturing at the Tesla Factory Tesla manufactures the Model S at the Tesla Factory in Fremont, California.

For the European market, Tesla removes the battery pack, the electric motor and parts assembles and ships everything to Europe where it is reassembled at its European Distribution Center in Tilburg, the Netherlands. [90] [91] As of 2020, it was in the top 10 for domestic parts content. [92] Design [ tesla model s ] Model S front trunk compartment [93] The Model S was styled by a team led by Franz von Holzhausen, who previously worked for Mazda North American Operations, [94] who drew upon the Mercedes Benz CLS 4-Door Coupe.

[95] It was designed with an electric powertrain in mind, [96] unlike other electric vehicles where the manufacturer swaps an internal combustion engine with an electric motor. [97] [98] [99] As a result, the Model S offers features such as a front trunk (a "frunk") in addition to a rear trunk and an enlarged crumple zone.

[100] The Model S exists in several versions, differing in energy capacity (battery size), power (motor size), and equipment. It is classified as a full-size luxury car in the US, or as a "Large Car" [101] (greater than or equal to 120 cu ft or 3.4 m 3) or "Luxury Sedan" [102] by the EPA.

The Euro Car Segment classification is S-segment (sports car), [103] [104] or "Oberklasse" ( F-segment) in Germany. [105] The roof was eventually transitioned to be made entirely of high-strength glass in ~2017, originally as an option but then made standard across the fleet.

With this change the Panoramic sunroof was no longer an option. [106] [107] Powertrain [ edit ] The Model S powertrain has evolved since its first release, increasing in efficiency, power, and durability. In 2014 Tesla claimed that the Model S recovered the energy that went into producing it in fewer than 10,000 miles (16,000 km).

[108] The rear axle has a traditional open differential. Models with Dual Drive dual motors also have an open differential on the front axles. The front and rear axles have no mechanical linkage – with dual motors, the power distribution among them is controlled electronically.

[109] With the introduction of tesla model s tri-motor Plaid version in mid-2021, new performance levels were achieved making the Model S Plaid the fastest accelerating production car in the world. The powertrain provides regenerative braking power of more than 60 kW, which both reduces energy consumption and greatly reduces brake wear. Battery [ edit ] Tesla Model S battery is made of several thousand cylindrical cells ( 18650) The battery pack includes thousands of identical 18650 battery cells, depending on the pack size.

18650 cells are cylindrical and are 18 mm in diameter, and 65 mm in height. Cells use a graphite/silicon [60] anode and a nickel-cobalt-aluminum cathode with an aqueous electrolyte and lithium ions as charge carriers. [110] Battery capacity has changed repeatedly as the technology has evolved, ranging from 60-100 kWH. As of 2021, the company preferred to cite vehicle range rather than battery capacity. The batteries are the car's heaviest component. E.g., the 85 kWh battery pack weighed 1,200 lb (540 kg).

[111] [ better source needed] Tesla manufactures some Model S cells internally, and some in partnership with Panasonic. Cell, group, module, pack [ edit ] Model S chassis with powertrain and battery pack [112] Tesla model s P85 pack contained 7,104 lithium-ion battery cells in 16 modules [113] wired in series (14 in the flat section and two stacked on the front).

[114] Each module contained 6 groups of 74 cells [115] wired in parallel; the 6 groups were then wired in series within the module. [115] [116] [117] [118] Lithium-ion batteries operate best at certain temperatures. The motor, controller and battery temperatures are controlled by a liquid cooling/heating circuit, [119] and the battery is uninsulated. [98] Waste heat from the motor heats the battery in cold conditions, and battery performance is reduced until a suitable battery temperature is reached.

[120] The battery can be pre-heated by a 6 kW internal heater, either from itself using battery power, or from a charger.

[98] Placement [ edit ] In contrast to most earlier battery electric vehicles including the Roadster, the battery pack of the Model S forms the floor of the vehicle between the axles, with several advantages: • The center of gravity height is 18 inches (460 mm) [111] [121] (about the same as a Lotus Elise), [122] helping it to achieve a lateral acceleration of 0.9 g [123] and rollover protection. [124] [125] • The bulk of the mass is between the axles, which lowers rotational inertia and allows it to turn more quickly for its weight.

• The battery cage increases the rigidity of the passenger compartment, improving passive safety. Energy consumption [ edit ] Under its five-cycle testing protocol, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rated the 90 kWh version at a combined fuel economy equivalent of 104 MPGe (2.26 Tesla model s km or 125 mpg ‑imp), with an equivalent 102 mpg ‑US (2.3 L/100 km; 122 mpg ‑imp) in city driving and 107 mpg ‑US (2.2 L/100 km; 129 mpg ‑imp) on highways.

[126] 2012–16 Tesla Model S fuel economy Model Model year Fuel economy (MPGe) Combined City Highway RWD 60 60 kWh [127] [128] [129] 2013–15 95; 35 kWh/100 mi 22 kWh/100 km 94; 36 kWh/100 mi 22 kWh/100 km 97; 35 kWh/100 mi 22 kWh/100 km AWD 60D 60 kWh [130] 2016 104; 32 kWh/100 mi 20 kWh/100 km 101; 33 kWh/100 mi 21 kWh/100 km 107; 31 kWh/100 mi 19 kWh/100 km AWD 70D 70 kWh [127] [129] 2015 101; 33 kWh/100 mi 20 kWh/100 km 101; 33 kWh/100 mi 20 kWh/100 km 102; 33 kWh/100 mi 20 kWh/100 km AWD 75D 75 kWh [130] 2016 103; 33 kWh/100 mi 21 kWh/100 km 102; 33 kWh/100 mi 21 kWh/100 km 105; 32 kWh/100 mi 20 kWh/100 km RWD 85 85 kWh [127] [131] 2012–15 89; 38 kWh/100 mi 24 kWh/100 km 88; 38 kWh/100 mi 24 kWh/100 km 90; 37 kWh/100 mi 23 kWh/100 km AWD 85D 85 kWh [132] [127] 2014 89; 38 kWh/100 mi 24 kWh/100 km 86; 40 kWh/100 mi 25 kWh/100 km 94; 36 kWh/100 mi 22 kWh/100 km AWD 85D 85 kWh [132] [127] 2015 100; 34 kWh/100 mi 21 kWh/100 km 95; 35 kWh/100 mi 22 kWh/100 km 106; 32 kWh/100 mi 20 kWh/100 km AWD 90D 90 kWh [127] [129] 2015 100; 34 kWh/100 mi 21 kWh/100 km 95; 35 kWh/100 mi 22 kWh/100 km 106; 32 kWh/100 mi 20 kWh/100 km AWD 90D 90 kWh [130] 2016 103; 33 kWh/100 mi 21 kWh/100 km 101; 33 kWh/100 mi 21 kWh/100 km 107; 32 kWh/100 mi 20 kWh/100 km AWD P85D 85 kWh [132] [127] 2015 93; 36 kWh/100 mi 22 kWh/100 km 89; 38 kWh/100 mi 24 kWh/100 km 98; 35 kWh/100 mi 22 kWh/100 km AWD P90D 90 kWh [127] [129] 2015 93; 36 kWh/100 mi 22 kWh/100 km 89; 38 kWh/100 mi 24 kWh/100 km tesla model s 35 kWh/100 mi 22 kWh/100 km AWD P90D 90 kWh [130] [133] 2016 95; 35 kWh/100 mi 22 kWh/100 km 91; 37 kWh/100 mi 23 kWh/100 km 100; 33 kWh/100 mi 21 kWh/100 km AWD P100D 100 kWh [130] 2016 98; 35 kWh/100 mi 22 kWh/100 km 92; 37 kWh/100 mi 23 kWh/100 km 105; 33 kWh/100 mi 21 kWh/100 km AWD 100D 100 kWh [130] 2017 102; 33 kWh/100 mi 21 kWh/100 km 101; 33 kWh/100 mi 21 kWh/100 km 102; 33 kWh/100 mi 21 kWh/100 km External images Speed-dependent power consumption Speed-dependent ranges of various Model S Speed-dependent mileage, Model S & Roadster Vehicle energy consumption is highly dependent on speed; the Model S requires 10 kW (14 hp) at 70 mph (110 km/h), and 31 kW (42 hp) at 100 mph (160 km/h).

[134] Ancillary equipment ( climate control, battery conditioning, etc.) may consume 15-25%, depending on outside temperature. [98] Charger [ edit ] This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. ( June 2021) The charge port is located behind a door in the left taillight. During charging, the charge port pulses green. The pulse frequency slows as the charge level approaches full.

When charging is complete, the light turns solid green. [135] The Model S comes equipped with a different charger and connector in North America versus other markets. The Mobile Connector allows charging at up to 72 amps [136] and includes adapters for connecting to a variety of electricity sources.

[137] The Tesla Wall Connector is available for installation at a home or business, and it allows charging at up to 19.2 kW in North America and 22 kW in Europe (although charging the vehicle at 11.5 kW requires the High Amperage Charger option on the vehicle). [137] [138] Tesla supports the SAE J1772, Type 2, and CHAdeMO charging standards via adapters.

[137] [138] SAE J1772 and Type 2 adapters are included in the appropriate regions, while the CHAdeMO adapter is available for purchase. [139] North America [ edit ] Tesla Universal Mobile Connector (UMC), NEMA 5-15 Adapter (plugged in wall AC socket), NEMA 14-50 Adapter and SAE J1772 to Tesla TSL02 Charging Connector Adapter In North America, adapters for 120 volt NEMA 5-15 outlets, as well as an adapter for SAE J1772 charging stations, are included.

[137] Other adapters including the popular NEMA 14-50 250V adapter can be purchased from Tesla for use with the Mobile Connector. Charging times depend on the battery pack's state-of-charge, its capacity, the available voltage, and the available tesla model s. From a 120 volt/15 amp household outlet, the range increases by 3.75 miles (6 tesla model s for every hour of charging.

From a 10 kW, NEMA 14–50 240 V/50 A outlet (like those used by RVs or stoves), the charge rate is 28.75 miles (46 km) per hour. Using Tesla's 20 kW, 240 V High Power Wall Connector increases the rate to 57 miles (92 km) per hour if the car is configured with dual chargers ( 20 kW). [140] Europe/Asia-Pacific [ edit ] Type 2 compatible inlet implementing a three-phase AC charging and DC Supercharging on European Model S [141] [142] In Europe, adapters for CEE red 3P+N+E, CEE blue 2P+E, CEE 7, and BS 1363 are available (inclusion varies by country), and an tesla model s cable for connecting to chargers with a Type 2 connector is also included.

[138] [143] Type 2 connector in Europe/Worldwide (left) and North America/South Korea (right) Suspension [ edit ] While some Model S's were built with a base, steel spring, suspension, the vast majority have a self-leveling, height-adjustable air suspension. This is accomplished via adjustable Bilstein shock tesla model s controlled by the driver. The car lowers itself at highway speeds and can be set to a higher level to traverse steep driveways and rough terrain, mitigating the default low 6 in (150 mm) ground clearance and relatively long 116 in (2,900 mm) wheelbase.

[145] The suspension system evolved in "over-the-air" software updates. The height adjustment feature remembers locations where the driver has requested higher clearance and automatically adjusts each time the car returns to that location. [146] The "Raven" update from early 2019 provided an enhanced "Smart Air Suspension" with automatic, dynamic suspension adjustments.

tesla model s Autopilot [ edit ] See also: Autonomous car and Lane centering Autopilot uses cameras, radar and ultrasound to detect road signs, lane markings, obstacles, pedestrians, cyclists, traffic lights, and tesla model s vehicles. It includes adaptive cruise control and lane centering and supports semi-autonomous drive and parking capabilities.

[148] [149] [150] Instrument panel [ edit ] Production dashboard with 12.3-inch (310 mm) main dashboard digital display (left) and central 17-inch (430 mm) touchscreen control panel (right) The instrument panel is located directly in front of the driver.

It includes a 12.3-inch (310 mm) liquid-crystal display electronic instrument cluster that indicates speed, charge level, estimated range and active gear, as well as navigation directions.

Autoshift [ edit ] Introduced in mid-2021, the updated Model S Plaid and Long Range had no steering column-mounted shift stalk. Instead, it used cameras to infer whether to shift into forward or reverse. The driver could override that automatic selection using the center touchscreen or buttons on the center pedestal, directly beneath the cell phone inductive chargers. Earlier versions controlled transmission selection via a shift stalk on the right side of the steering column.

Touchscreen [ edit ] This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. ( June 2021) The 2021 update turned the center display from portrait to landscape layout. The original touchscreen was a 17-inch (430 mm) multi-touch panel.

divided into four areas. A top line displayed status symbols and provided shortcuts to Charging, HomeLink, Driver Profiles, vehicle information and Bluetooth. The second line provided access to apps including Media, Nav (driven by Google Maps, which was separate from the navigation on instrument panel), Energy, Web, Camera and Phone.

The main viewing area displayed the (two) active apps, subdivided into upper and lower areas. (Most apps can be expanded to take up the entire area). At the bottom was access to various controls and settings for the vehicle such as doors, locks and lights as well as temperature controls and a secondary volume control. The map display requires a constant Internet connection, limiting navigation in areas without service.

Automatic navigation to charging stations is included. [151] The operating system is open-source Linux. [152] Options [ edit ] All versions of the Model S have the same body and normally seat five passengers. Other configurations were once available so as to allow for a third-row seat with two additional seats, for a total of seven passengers. As of ~2016 or 2017, all seating materials were animal-free, made of synthetic fiber, with the steering wheel tesla model s shifting to an animal-free material in late 2019 as well, making the cars entirely vegan.

[153] The original impetus for this years-long transition to animal-free interiors may have been two shareholder proposals presented at the 2015 Tesla shareholders meeting in which the substantial environmental damage caused by animal agriculture was highlighted, along with the obvious conflict with Tesla's stated mission.

[154] Other luxury brands slowly began eschewing animal product interiors in the years that followed. Warranty and maintenance [ edit ] The Model S is covered by a 4-year, 50,000-mile (80,000 km) limited warranty [155] that includes all standard equipment (excluding tires).

[156] The warranty can be extended by 4 years or 50,000 miles (80,000 km). [156] The battery and powertrain are covered by an 8-year, 150,000-mile (240,000 km) warranty.

[157] Warranty coverage includes a complementary loaner car when service is required. [158] Annual vehicle inspection and maintenance is optional, and not required to maintain coverage. [158] The fee covers a complete inspection, tire alignment, new brake pads, hardware upgrades and other maintenance items. In California only, Tesla offers insurance. Versions [ edit ] Signature/Signature Performance [ edit ] The official car of the Chief Minister of Gibraltar, a Signature Model S bought in 2014 [159] Tesla allocated its first 1,000 units to its Signature and Signature Performance limited edition configurations, equipped with the 85 kWh battery pack.

[160] [161] A custom Model S was designed for the Oceanic Preservation Society in collaboration with Obscura Digital, and was used to project images of endangered animals to help educate the public about ongoing Holocene mass extinction, as featured in the 2015 documentary Racing Extinction.

60/60D/P85 [ edit ] The base Model S 60 was released with 60 kWh battery capacity and used a 270 kW (362 hp) and 441 N⋅m (325 ft⋅lb) motor.

Dual motor, AWD variations (60D) became available in 2014. The Performance variant (P85) offered a three-phase, four-pole AC induction 416 hp (310 kW) and 443 ft⋅lb (601 N⋅m) rear-mounted electric motor with copper rotor. [162] The company claimed a drag coefficient of C d=0.24, [163] lower than any other production car when released. [164] Independent measurements by Car and Driver in May 2014 confirmed the figure.

[134] 70D [ edit ] Tesla Model S75D, model year 2017 The 70D replaced the 60, 60D, and P85, offering all-wheel drive and an improved range of 240 miles (385 km).

tesla model s

{INSERTKEYS} [165] [166] In January 2019, Tesla made the 100D the base version and discontinued the 75D version. [167] 85D [ edit ] The 85D replaced the rear drive unit with a smaller motor, while a second motor of similar size was added to the front wheels. The resulting AWD car offered comparable power and acceleration to the rear wheel drive. The 85D offered a 2% (5-mile) range increase and 11% increase in top speed over the 85.

[168] P85D [ edit ] Model S P85+ using regenerative braking power in excess of 60 kW. During regenerative braking, the power indicator is green. The P85D was a dual-motor, all-wheel-drive vehicle. It had a governed top speed of 155 mph (249 km/h) [169] and it accelerated from 0 to 60 miles per hour (0 to 97 km/h) in 3.2 seconds (tested to 3.1 seconds), under "Insane Mode", with 1 g of acceleration.

[169] [170] Total output reached 345 kW (463 hp) despite the two motors because they did not give their maximum power at the same time. [171] The high-power rear-drive unit was retained, while the additional front-drive motor increased power by about 50%, increasing acceleration and top speed. P90D [ edit ] The P90D had a top speed of 155 mph (249 km/h) and it could accelerate from 0 to 60 miles per hour (0 to 97 km/h) in 2.8 seconds, despite the lower total motor power, in part due to the improved traction of the all-wheel drive powertrain.

An optional "Ludicrous Mode" hardware package improved the 0 to 60 mph (0 to 97 km/h) time to 2.8 seconds at 1.1g. [172] [173] [174] The P90D combined a front axle power of 259 horsepower (193 kW) and rear axle power of 503 horsepower (375 kW) for a 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) time of 2.8 seconds.

The acceleration of the P90D can reach 1.1 g, described by Tesla as "faster than falling". [56] [175] In June 2017, Tesla discontinued selling the 90 kWh battery pack option. [176] P100D [ edit ] The P100D outputs 439 kW (589 hp) and 1,248 N⋅m (920 lbf⋅ft) torque on a dynamometer. [177] As of March 2017, P100D was the world's quickest production vehicle with a NHRA rolling start to 60 mph (97 km/h) in Motor Trend tests in 2.28 seconds (acceleration clock started after 0.26 seconds at 5.9 mph (9.5 km/h)) in Ludicrous mode.

[178] Owing to overheating issues (the radiator has no blower), [98] multiple uses of Ludicrous mode required rest periods to protect the battery. [179] [180] According to Motor Trend, selecting the "Yes, bring it on!" option for maximum acceleration "initiates a process of battery and motor conditioning, wherein the battery temperature is raised slightly and the motors are cooled using the air-conditioning system. It usually takes just a few minutes, longer in extreme ambient temperatures or after repeated runs.

You should expect to wait a minimum of 10 minutes in-between runs." [178] It offered an EPA estimated range of 315 mi (507 km). [181] It was the first electric vehicle to have an EPA estimated range greater than 300 miles (485 km). [100] [182] Raven [ edit ] In 2019, the Performance and Long Range Plus variants offered the "Raven" powertrain.

[183] It included the permanent magnet synchronous reluctance motor from the Tesla Model 3 as the front motor. [183] The motor was more powerful and more efficient than its predecessor. [183] The Raven powertrain included a new adaptive air suspension. [183] Palladium (Plaid) [ edit ] The Palladium refresh was announced in January 2021 with initial deliveries in June 2021.

The refresh included a new interior, new powertrain, suspension and thermal management amongst other improvements. [184] The refresh originally consisted of three models, the Long Range (LR), the Plaid, and the Plaid+, although the Plaid+ was cancelled shortly before deliveries began. The "Plaid" name is applied to the performance model and is a reference to the only speed faster than "Ludicrous" in the movie Spaceballs.

[185] The Plaid model includes one motor for the front axle and two motors for the rear axle; its starting price was $131,100. [186] At the core of the Plaid's performance are innovative new motors featuring a carbon-wrapped rotor to allow much higher motor RPM. [187] Musk said that this presented challenges, because carbon and copper (the rotor material) have different thermal expansion rates.

[188] The Long Range model includes the front motor and a single rear motor; its starting price was $80k, but it was raised to $85k soon after deliveries began. [189] "Track Mode" allows for adjustment from 100% FWD to 100% RWD in 5% increments, traction control strength in 21 stages and regenerative braking strength from 0% to 100% in 5% increments. [190] At its debut, the Palladium models had the lowest drag coefficient of any production car, with C d=0.208.

[191] The new HVAC system uses a heat pump that Tesla says provides 30% longer range and requires 50% less energy in cold weather conditions than the previous Model S. [192] Charging was said to increase by 187 miles (301 km) in 15 minutes (on a 250 kW Supercharger). [191] The interior features a non-circular "yoke" steering wheel, a landscape-oriented center screen, a screen for the rear passengers, increased headroom and legroom, particularly in the rear seat area, lower noise via acoustic glass, a new, customizable user interface, and improved gaming (via the AMD RDNA 2 GPU).

[191] [193] The company estimated that deliveries will reach 1000/week in Q3 of 2021. [189] The Plaid has 1,020 horsepower (760 kW) and 1,050 pound-feet (1,420 N⋅m) of torque. It was independently tested by Motor Trend to go 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) in 2.07 seconds (1.98 on a prepped drag strip, ex. with PJ1 TrackBite) and cover a quarter-mile (400 m) in 9.34 seconds at 152.2 mph (244.9 km/h).

[194] Tesla said it will reach a 200 mph (320 km/h) top speed. [189] Charging [ edit ] Taxi Model S, charging in Moscow Home charging [ edit ] Tesla recommends overnight charging at home as the primary method of charging. In general, the convenience of plugging in overnight outweighs the far longer charging interval. Destination charging [ edit ] The Tesla Destination charging network is a network of businesses that have installed Tesla Wall Connectors.

These units are provided to the businesses by Tesla for free or at a discounted price. The business is responsible for the cost of electricity. [195] Not all destination chargers are available to the public, as some businesses limit them to customers, employees, or residents only. [196] Tesla Superchargers [ edit ] Panoramic view of Tesla Supercharger rapid charging station in Tejon Ranch, California Tesla operates a global network of 480-volt charging stations.

The Tesla network is usable only by Tesla vehicles though there are discussions to allow other EVs to use it in some locations such as Sweden. [197] Supercharging hardware is standard on all new vehicles and most earlier editions. [40] [198] [199] The Supercharger is a DC rapid-charging station that provides up to 250 kW of power, adding up to 15 mi (24 km) per minute.

[195] Battery swapping [ edit ] Tesla originally designed the Model S to allow fast battery swapping, which also facilitated vehicle assembly. [200] In 2013, Tesla demonstrated a battery swap operation taking around 90 seconds, about half the time it takes to refill an empty gas tank.

[201] [202] Tesla originally planned to support widespread battery swapping, but supposedly abandoned the plan due to perceived lack of interest by customers. [203] Tesla has been accused of gaming the California Air Resources Board system for zero-emission vehicle credits by launching the "battery swap" program that was never made available to the public.

[204] [205] Tesla announced in 2020 that it would integrate the batteries into the body to increase strength and reduce weight and cost. [206] Sales and markets [ edit ] Model S first retail deliveries ceremony at the Tesla Factory in Fremont, California, held on June 22, 2012 U.S. deliveries began June 2012. [9] Tesla reported 520 reservations for the Model S during the first week they were available [207] and by December 2012, a total 15,000 net reservations (after deliveries and cancellations) had been received by year-end.

[208] The special edition Model S Signature model was sold out before deliveries began in June 2012, and according to Tesla all models were sold out for that year shortly after. [209] [210] A total of 2,650 cars were delivered in North America in 2012. [211] Tesla delivered 50,658 Model S/X units in 2015.

[212] [213] Tesla sold more than 50,000 Model S cars globally in 2016, making it the world's top selling plug-in electric that year. [214] In 2017, it became only the second EV to sell more than 200,000 units behind the Nissan Leaf. The Model S was released in Europe in early August 2013, and the first deliveries took place in Norway, Switzerland and the Netherlands.

[215] By November 2013, the Model S was on sale in 20 countries. [216] By the end of 2013, Norway and Switzerland became the company's largest per capita sales markets. [217] Retail deliveries in China began in April 2014. [218] The right-hand-drive model was released in the UK in June 2014, [219] followed by Hong Kong in July 2014 [220] and Japan in September 2014. [221] Deliveries in Australia began in December 2014.

[222] The Model S ranked as the world's second best selling plug-in electric vehicle after the Nissan Leaf. [223] About 55% of deliveries went to North America, 30% to Europe, and 15% to the Asia-Pacific market.

[224] As of June 2015 [update], the Model S was sold in 30 countries. [225] The Model S was the world's best-selling plug-in electric car in 2015, ahead of the Nissan Leaf (about 43,000 units).

[213] [226] 2016–2020 [ edit ] The Model S was the world's top selling plug-in car for the second year running. [20] [21] As of 2018, the Model S rank fell to second place after the BAIC EC-Series city car, which sold over 78,000 units in China. [15] The Model S continued to rank as the second most-sold electric car in history after the Nissan Leaf. [15] [16] [17] [18] As of December 2018 [update], cumulative global sales totaled about 263,504 units.

[15] [16] [17] [18] [227] Sales by country [ edit ] Sales/registrations by top national markets Country Cumulative sales % of global sales [a] 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 USA [228] [19] [229] [230] [231] ~163,201 55.9% 14,425 [232] 29,959 26,500 29,156 25,202 16,689 ~18,650 ~2,620 China [233] [234] [235] 11,858 [b] [c] [c] [c] 6,334 3,025 [b] 2,499 N/A N/A Norway [236] [237] [238] [239] [240] [241] 20,639 7.4% 1,181 3,633 3,712 2,051 4,039 4,040 1,983 N/A Netherlands [242] [243] [244] [245] [246] [247] 13,839 5.3% 5,633 2,051 1,693 1,805 1,465 1,192 N/A Canada [248] 6,731 3.2% 1,675 1,466 2,010 847 638 95 Germany [105] [249] [250] [251] [252] [253] 7,551 2.9% 1,248 2,241 1,474 1,582 815 191 N/A UK [254] [255] [256] [257] 9,300 [d] 2.9% 1,756 2,518 2,367 1,389 698 N/A N/A Switzerland [e] [258] 4,695 2.2% 1,131 1,299 1,556 496 213 N/A Denmark [259] [260] [261] 3,432 1.6% 46 78 2,736 460 112 N/A Sweden [262] [263] [264] [265] [266] 3,788 1.4% 883 800 838 996 266 5 N/A France [267] [268] [269] [270] 3,455 1.3% 749 850 785 708 328 35 N/A Belgium [271] [272] [273] [274] [275] 3,358 1.3% 535 659 675 820 521 148 N/A Hong Kong [276] 2,221 [f] 1.0% [c] [c] 2,221 N/A N/A N/A Austria [277] [278] [279] [280] 1,835 0.9% 584 575 492 136 48 N/A Australia [281] [282] ~1,319 0.6% [c] [c] ~1,250 69 [g] N/A N/A N/A Italy [283] [284] 662 0.3% 264 218 120 52 8 N/A Global [15] [16] [17] [18] [227] 263,504 50,630 [16] [17] [18] [227] 54,715 [15] 50,931 [20] 50,446 [229] [226] 31,655 [223] 22,477 [285] ~2,650 [208] • ^ Percentage of global sales by country, inception through December 2019.

• ^ a b Chinese market sales in 2015 only through September. • ^ a b c d e f g Sales figures not available • ^ UK registrations at the end of June 2019 (not cumulative sales). • ^ Includes registrations in Liechtenstein. • ^ Hong Kong sales for 2015 only. • ^ Only includes registrations in New South Wales and Victoria. Asia/Pacific [ edit ] Model S at a quick charging CHAdeMO station in Japan [286] The first nine Australian units were delivered in Sydney on December 9, 2014.

Tesla opened its first store and service centre in St Leonards, and its first Supercharger station at Pyrmont in December 2014. [287] [288] The Model S was the top selling all-electric car in the country for the first quarter of 2015. [289] The first Chinese deliveries took place on April 22, 2014. [218] The standard equipment was the same as the European version, with larger back seats because the car was expected to be driven by a chauffeur.

[290] By mid-2018, China ranked as Tesla’s second largest market. [291] Sales began in Hong Kong in July 2014. [220] Europe [ edit ] First European deliveries were at Tesla's Oslo store in August 2013.

European retail deliveries began in August 2013, in Norway, Switzerland and the Netherlands. [215] Sales rose most rapidly in Norway. The Model S topped the European luxury car segment in 2015, ahead of the Mercedes-Benz S-Class (14,990), the traditional leader.

[292] Model S used since 2014 for all-electric taxi service at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol In April 2014 the Schiphol Group announced that three companies were selected to provide all-electric taxi service in Amsterdam Airport Schiphol. [293] Sales in 2015 totaled 1,805 units, [244] and declined to 1,693 in 2016. [245] As of October 2016 [update], combined registrations of the Model S (5,681) and the Model X (250) represented 48.6% of the 12,196 all-electric cars on Dutch roads at the end of that month.

[294] The Model S was the all-time top selling all-electric car in the Netherlands with 12,394 cars registered at the end of March 2021, however it has since been overtaken by the Tesla Model 3, with 38,745 cars registered in March 2021. [295] Europe's first delivery took place in Oslo on August 7, 2013. [296] By the end of August, Europe's first six charging stations opened, in Lyngdal, Aurland, Dombås, Gol, Sundebru and Lillehammer. [297] North America [ edit ] The world's first delivery took place on June 1, 2012 in California, to a Tesla board member, while formal deliveries to the public began at a large ceremony on June 22, 2013.

[298] The first Model S sedans were delivered in Canada in December 2012. [248] Retail sales began in Mexico City in December 2015. Initially, no Supercharger stations are available in the country. [299] Main article: Tesla US dealership disputes Tesla sells its cars directly to consumers without a dealer network, as other manufacturers have done and as many states require by legislation.

In support of its approach, the company fought legal and legislative battles in Ohio, New Jersey, New York and other states. [300] [301] The Tesla direct sales model was permitted in 22 states as of March 2015. [302] [303] In other states the Tesla salesperson is not allowed to discuss prices, and the ultimate sale must be made online. [304] [305] Safety [ edit ] Tesla made many claims about the safety of its vehicles, encompassing vehicle structure and driver assist software.

Features [ edit ] External video NHTSA Frontal crash test on YouTube NHTSA Side crash test on YouTube NHTSA Pole crash test on YouTube Euro NCAP crash test on YouTube Tesla EV Safety Training for rescuers on YouTube In 2014, the Model S had a 5-star safety rating from both Euro NCAP and the U.S.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). [306] [307] At that time, only two other cars had earned the same recognition since 2011 (when the NHTSA introduced its latest rating scheme).

[308] NHTSA [309] Euro NCAP [310] IIHS [311] [312] Overall Overall Small overlap Acceptable Frontal, driver Adult occupant 31 pts / 82% Moderate overlap frontal offset Good Frontal, passenger Child occupant 38 pts / 77% Side impact Good Side, driver Pedestrian 24 pts / 66% Roof strength Good Side, passenger Driver assist 9 pts / 71% Roof strength (P100D) Acceptable Side pole, driver Headlights Poor Rollover / 5.7% However, in July 2017, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) found that during front crash tests, the Model S safety belts let the driver's torso move too far forward, resulting in the head striking the steering wheel hard through the airbag.

This problem was already pointed out in one of the IIHS's earliers tests, to which Tesla responded they would improve their safety belt design, which, according to the IIHS's latest tests, has not been done.

The IIHS also gave the Model S the worst possible rating for its headlights. [313] The report caused Tesla to lose 6.4% of its stock value. [312] Incidents [ edit ] Battery fire [ edit ] See also: Tesla Model S fire incidents The first widely reported fire occurred several minutes after the vehicle hit metal debris on the Washington State Route 167 highway on October 1, 2013.

[314] The driver "was able to exit the highway as instructed by the onboard alert system, bring the car to a stop and depart the vehicle without injury". [315] He then contacted authorities and, while awaiting their arrival, smoke began coming out the front of the vehicle. The driver stated that he hit something while exiting the HOV lane. [314] [316] [317] Tesla stated that the fire was caused by the "direct impact of a large metallic object to one of the 16 battery modules", and that by design, the modules were separated by firewalls, limiting the fire to "a small section in the front of the vehicle".

[314] The module was evidently punctured by a "curved section" that fell off a truck and was recovered near the accident. Tesla stated that the debris punched a 3-inch (76 mm) diameter hole through the .25-inch (6.4 mm) armor plate under the vehicle, applying force of some 25 tons. Built-in vents directed the flames away from the vehicle so that the fire did not enter the passenger compartment. According to Tesla, the firefighters followed standard procedure; using water to extinguish the fire was correct, [318] however, puncturing the metal firewall to gain access to the fire also allowed the flames to spread to the front trunk.

[315] Tesla also stated that because the battery pack contains "only about 10% of the energy contained in a gasoline tank", the effective combustion potential of a single module is only about 1% that of a conventional vehicle. [315] NHTSA reported, "After reviewing all available data, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has not found evidence at this time that would indicate the recent battery fire involving a Tesla Model S was the result of a vehicle safety defect or noncompliance with federal safety standards." [319] The following month, the NHTSA opened a preliminary evaluation to determine "the potential risks associated with undercarriage strikes on model year 2013 Tesla Model S vehicles".

[320] [321] On March 28, 2014, NHTSA closed its investigation, claiming that the (new) titanium underbody shield and aluminum deflector plates, along with increased ground clearance, "should reduce both the frequency of underbody strikes and the resultant fire risk".

[322] Subsequent fires [ edit ] On November 6, 2013, a fire broke out after a Model S struck a tow hitch on the roadway, causing damage beneath the vehicle. [323] The incidents led Tesla to extend its warranty to cover fire damage and to apply a software update to increase ground clearance when operating at highway speed. [320] [324] Another fire took place in Toronto, Canada, in February 2014. The Model S was parked in a garage and was not charging when the fire started.

The origin of the fire is undetermined. [325] According to Tesla "in this particular case, we don't yet know the precise cause, but have definitively determined that it did not originate in the battery, the charging system, the adapter or the electrical receptacle, as these components were untouched by the fire". [326] Starting with vehicle bodies manufactured as of 6 March 2014 [update], all units were outfitted with a triple underbody shield.

Existing cars were retrofitted upon request or as part of routine service. [327] [328] On January 1, 2016, a 2014 Model S caught fire while supercharging unsupervised in Brokelandsheia, Norway.

The vehicle was destroyed but nobody was injured. [329] [330] [331] The fire was slow, and the owner had time to unplug the car and retrieve possessions. [332] An investigation by the Norwegian Accident Investigation Board (AIBN) indicated that the fire originated in the car, but was otherwise inconclusive.

[333] In March 2016, Tesla stated that their own investigation into the incident concluded that the fire was caused by a short circuit in the vehicle's distribution box, but that the amount of damage prevented them from determining the exact cause. [332] Tesla stated that the Supercharger detected the short circuit and deactivated, and a future Model S software update would stop the vehicle from charging if a short circuit is detected.

[334] NTSB stated that Teslas are not more prone to fires than other vehicles. [335] First fatal accident involving Autopilot [ edit ] The first known fatal accident when Autopilot was active occurred in Williston, Florida on May 7, 2016. In June 2016, the U.S.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) opened a formal investigation into the accident, working with the Florida Highway Patrol. According to NHTSA, preliminary reports indicate the crash occurred when a tractor-trailer made a left turn in front of the Tesla at an intersection on a non-controlled access highway, and the driver and the car failed to apply the brakes.

[336] [337] [338] NHTSA's preliminary evaluation examined the design and performance of automated driving systems, which involved an estimated 25,000 cars. [339] According to Tesla, "neither autopilot nor the driver noticed the white side of the tractor-trailer against a brightly lit sky, so the brake was not applied." The car attempted to drive full speed under the trailer, "with the bottom of the trailer impacting the windshield of the Model S." Tesla also stated that this was Tesla's first known Autopilot-related death in over 130 million mi (209 million km) driven by its customers while Autopilot was activated.

According to Tesla a fatality occurred every 94 million mi (150 million km) among all type of vehicles in the U.S. [336] [337] [340] In January 2017, NTSB concluded Tesla was not at fault since the driver in the crash had seven seconds to see the truck and take action; the investigation revealed that the Tesla car crash rate dropped by 40 percent under autopilot. [341] [342] NHTSA safest car [ edit ] On August 19, 2013, based on NHTSA safety ratings, a Tesla press release claimed that the Model S had achieved the best safety rating of any car ever tested.

Tesla stated, "NHTSA does not publish a star rating above 5, however safety levels better than 5 stars are captured in the overall Vehicle Safety Score (VSS) provided to manufacturers, where the Model S achieved a new combined record of 5.4 stars." [343] [344] [345] [346] [347] However, a few days later NHTSA rebutted Tesla's claim, explaining that the rating for the Model S was equal to any other car receiving 5-stars, and claiming that the carmaker did not follow its advertising guidelines.

[348] [349] [350] Recalls [ edit ] As of December 2021 [update], Tesla had had seven Model S recalls: [351] [352] [353] • On June 14, 2013, Tesla recalled Model S vehicles manufactured between May 10, 2013, and June 8, 2013, due to improper methods for aligning the left hand seat back striker to the bracket, which could weaken the weld between the bracket and frame.

[354] • On January 13, 2014, Tesla recalled Model S vehicles manufactured in 2013, because the adapter, cord, or wall outlet could overheat during charging. [355] • On November 20, 2015, Tesla announced a voluntary recall of all of its 90,000 Model S vehicles, in order to check for a possible defect in the cars' front seat belt assemblies.

The problem was raised by one customer in Europe. Tesla's resulting investigation was unable to identify a root cause for the failure, and the company decided to examine every car.

Tesla reported that no accidents or injuries were related to the problem. [356] [357] • On January 20, 2017, Tesla recalled Model S made from 2012 in January 2017 due to defective Takata airbags. Cars manufactured later (until 2017) had smaller risk. [358] • On April 20, 2017, Tesla issued a worldwide recall of 53,000 of the 76,000 Model S and Model X vehicles sold in 2016 due to faulty parking brakes.

[359] [360] • On March 30, 2018, all 123,000 Model S cars manufactured before April 2016 were recalled due to excessive corrosion of the bolts which secure the power steering, particularly those cars used in cold countries where roads are salted. [352] • In December 2021 119,009 Model S vehicles were recalled because of the possibility of latch failure allowing front hoods to open unexpectedly.

[353] Recognition [ edit ] Awards [ edit ] • 2013 AutoGuide.com Reader's Choice Car of the Year [361] • 2013 World Green Car of the Year. [362] • Automobile Magazine's 2013 Car of the Year, a unanimous decision. [363] • CNET Tech Car of the Year for 2012 [364] • Consumer Reports gave the Model S a score of 103 out of 100, its highest ever.

The Model S broke the rating scale of Consumer Reports during its most recent test. [365] • Consumer Reports' 2013 survey of owner satisfaction produced a score of 99 out of 100, "the highest the magazine has seen in years." [366] In 2014 the Model S topped for the second year in a row Consumer Reports survey of owner satisfaction. This time the Model S had a score of 98 out of 100.

[367] • Consumer Reports found the Model S to be 'Best Overall' for 2014 across all 10 categories of cars, light trucks and SUVs, chosen from more than 260 vehicles the organization has recently tested.

The magazine considers the Model S a "technological tour de force, while pricey, is brimming with innovation." [368] In 2015 they rated the Model S at 103 (breaking the scale). [369] [370] • Green Car Reports' Best Car To Buy 2013 [371] • Hagerty Greatest Car of the Decade (2010s) [372] • Motor Trend 2013 Car of the Year, also a unanimous decision and the first winner in the award's history to not be powered by an internal combustion engine.

[373] In 2019, Motor Trend selected it as the ultimate car of the year over the last 70 years. [23] • Natural Resources Canada 2013 EcoENERGY for Vehicles Awards in the full-size category [374] • Popular Science 's Auto Grand Award Winner Best of What's New list 2012.

[375] • The Telegraph included the Model S in its list of the top 10 cars that changed the world published in December 2014, and also named the electric sedan the most important car of the last 20 years. [376] [377] • Time Magazine Best 25 Inventions of the Year 2012 award. [378] In 2019, the model S was included in the Time Magazine list of best gadgets of the 2010s.

[379] • Yahoo! Autos 2013 Car of the Year. [380] • American Automobile Association Green Car Guide 2015, top spot (P85D). [381] The Model S also won the 2014 AAA Green Car Guide. [382] • 2019 Green Car Reports Car of the Decade. [383] Distance records [ edit ] All of these records used hypermiling techniques such as front motor only, low speed 24 mph (39 km/h), no air conditioning and minimal use of the brakes.

[384] [385] These attempts were inspired by a blog written by Elon Musk about the planned range and efficiency of the Tesla Model S, offering a prize for anyone exceeding 400 miles (640 km) on a single charge, where it was estimated the 85 kWh model could do it by driving at a constant 36 mph (58 km/h) under ideal conditions. [386] Configuration Distance Date Team Notes P100D 670 mi (1,080 km) August 5, 2017 Italian drivers First production electric car to exceed 620 mi (1,000 km) on a single charge.

[387] P100D 560 miles (901.2 km) June 20, 2017 Belgian drivers. [388] 85 kWh 423.5 miles (681.6 km) November 2012 David and Adam Metcalf [389] [390] Lap records [ edit ] In early September 2019, a prototype ("plaid" tri motor) Tesla Model S went faster than the official record for the fastest "four-door electric sports car" at the Laguna Seca Raceway, beating a previous time held by the Tesla Model 3 Performance.

[391] [392] Controversies [ edit ] Range limitation [ edit ] On February 8, 2013, The New York Times published a review by John M. Broder about a trip between Washington, D.C., and Boston using Tesla's Supercharger network. At the time it included only two stations on the East Coast. Broder made a variety of critical claims about the battery's performance in cold weather and the distance between charging stations.

The trip ended with the Model S carried on a flatbed truck to the Milford, Connecticut, station. [393] Tesla responded by publishing logs of the vehicle's charge levels and driving speed that contradicted Broder's account. [394] Tesla implied that Broder's behavior forced the car to fail. Broder replied to the criticism, suggesting that the speed discrepancies may have been because the car had been equipped with 19-inch wheels rather than the specified 21-inch wheels.

[395] In the midst of the controversy, a CNN reporter recreated Broder's trip without exhausting the battery. However, two differences distinguished the journeys. The weather was about 10 °F (6 °C) warmer and CNN completed the trip in one day; the Times let the car sit overnight while not plugged in. [396] A reporter from CNBC also recreated the trip in one day without incidents.

[397] One week later, a group of Tesla owners recreated Broder's trip without problems. [398] [399] On February 18, 2013, The New York Times Public Editor Margaret Sullivan published an editorial stating that Broder took "casual and imprecise notes" and used poor judgment, but she maintained that the article was written in good faith.

She admitted that Broder's vehicle logs were "sometimes quite misleading." [400] [401] [402] In July and September 2014 tests performed by an independent German car magazine in cooperation with the TÜV (German Association for Technical Inspection) and Tesla owners seemed to reveal issues with the battery's performance.

According to the magazine, Tesla did not take up the invitation to repeat the test, and seemed to refuse to offer vehicles for a second test. [403] [404] A test performed by another German publication (" Die Welt") supported the findings.

[405] Power dissipation when not in use [ edit ] Older versions of the system software suffered from power drain issues when the car wasn't being used, with the batteries losing 4.5 kWh overnight (known commonly as "vampire drain").

[406] System software v5.8 (v1.49.30), released December 12, 2013, reduced overnight energy loss substantially, to 1.1 kWh per night, or around 3 miles. [407] Consumer Reports' recommendation [ edit ] In October 2015, two months after naming the Tesla 'the best car ever tested,' Consumer Reports declined to give the Tesla Model S a "recommended" designation, citing too many complaints from owners.

Complaints ranged from misaligned doors and squeaky body, to total drive train failure and inoperable door handles. Tesla's shares dropped 15%, both because of the magazine's cut and because of concerns over the Tesla Model X luxury SUV.

[44] [408] Similarly, Edmunds.com found quality and safety issues in their long-term road test and "amassed quite the repair résumé during the last 17 months." [409] Both Edmunds and Consumer Reports reported the vehicle stalling while driving. [410] In their 2016 Annual Auto Reliability Survey, Consumer Reports improved the Model S rating to average reliability.

The magazine raised "serious concerns about how some automakers, including Tesla, have designed, deployed, and marketed semi-autonomous technology." [45] By 2017, in the Consumer Reports Car Reliability Survey, Tesla's position on the list moved up four spots; and the predicted reliability rating for Model S reached "above average" for the first time.

[69] In 2018 the annual Consumer Reports reliability survey found Tesla cars amongst the worst with the brand falling 6 spots from 2017 and third worst amongst the brands surveyed. [411] [412] The Model S dropped "below average" in reliability with suspension problems and other issues that included the extending door handle.

[412] In 2019 the model S achieved a Consumer Reports "recommended" designation [413] due to improved reliability, with the Model S as the second-most reliable out of four ultra-luxury cars tested. Power discrepancy [ edit ] The P85D "insane mode" was widely reported to have 691 horsepower, [414] [415] [416] but some owners reported 20% less power on the dynamometer in various circumstances. [417] [418] As of November 2015 [update], Tesla website showed battery-limited combined 345 kilowatts (463 hp) for P85D (397 kilowatts (532 hp) for "Ludicrous").

[419] [417] A lawsuit by 126 owners in Norway [420] was settled in December 2016. [421] Power consumption [ edit ] In early March 2016, a report by Stuff magazine revealed that a test performed by VICOM, Ltd on behalf of Singapore's Land Transport Authority had found a 2014 Tesla Model S to be consuming 444 Wh/km (0.715 kW⋅h/mi), [422] [423] which was greater than the 240 Wh/km (0.38 kW⋅h/mi) reported by EPA [424] and the 181 Wh/km (0.291 kW⋅h/mi) reported by Tesla.

[425] As a result, a carbon surcharge was imposed on the Model S, making Singapore the only country in the world to impose an environmental surcharge on a fully electric car. [426] The Land Transport Authority justified this by stating that it had to "account for CO 2 emissions during the electricity generation process" and therefore "a grid emission factor of 0.5 g/watt-hour was also applied to the electric energy consumption". [427] Tesla countered that when the energy used to extract, refine, and distribute gasoline was taken into account, the Model S produced approximately one-third the CO 2 of an equivalent gasoline-powered vehicle.

[425] Later that month, the Land Transport Authority released a statement stating that they and the VICOM Emission Test Laboratory would work with Tesla engineers to determine whether the test was flawed, [428] and a Tesla statement indicated that the discussions were "positive" and that they were confident of a quick resolution.

[425] Plaid+ reservation issues [ edit ] After it was announced that Plaid+ was canceled, some reservation holders discovered their reservations had been converted into a full order for the regular Plaid version and with no refund included for their Plaid+ deposit. [429] See also [ edit ] • Electric car use by country • Government incentives for plug-in electric vehicles • List of electric cars currently available • List of fastest production cars by acceleration • List of production cars by power output • List of modern production plug-in electric vehicles • List of production battery electric vehicles • List of Easter eggs in Tesla products References [ edit ] • ^ Dorian, Drew (October 13, 2020).

"2021 Tesla Model S Review, Pricing, and Specs". Car and Driver. • ^ "2020 Tesla Model S Specs & Features". Edmunds. • ^ a b "Model S Specs and Standard features". Tesla Motors. Archived from the original on August 31, 2013 . Retrieved August 8, 2013. • ^ "Model S Optionen und Preis" [Model S options and Price] (in German). Germany: Tesla Motors . Retrieved August 8, 2013.

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TESMANIAN. Retrieved June 15, 2021. • ^ a b c Lambert, Fred (June 11, 2021). "Tesla launches Model S Plaid with new motor tech, faster charging, and new entertainment features". Electrek. Retrieved June 16, 2021. • ^ How To Drift A Tesla Model S Plaid!retrieved February 3, 2022 • ^ a b c Morris, James (June 12, 2021). "Is The Tesla Model S Plaid The Best Car On The Planet?". Forbes.

Retrieved July 17, 2021. • ^ Ewing, Steven (June 10, 2021). "Tesla Model S Plaid offers repeatable 0-to-60 times, better cold weather range, Musk says". Roadshow. Retrieved July 17, 2021. • ^ Hollister, Sean (June 1, 2021). "AMD confirms it's powering the gaming rig inside Tesla's Model S and Model X". The Verge. Retrieved July 17, 2021.

• ^ Motor Trend (June 17, 2021). "Tesla Model S Plaid First Test: 0–60 MPH in 1.98 Seconds*!". MotorTrend. • ^ a b "Tesla Supercharger", Wikipedia, March 30, 2020retrieved March 31, 2020 • ^ Field, Kyle (April 29, 2016). "Tesla Makes Full-Court Press With Destination Charging". Clean Technica. Sustainable Enterprises Media.

Retrieved June 4, 2017. • ^ Blanco, Sebastian (June 29, 2021). "Tesla May Open Its Superchargers to Other EVs, Starting in Scandinavia". Car and Driver. Retrieved June 30, 2021. • ^ Cobb, Jeff (October 12, 2012). "First Tesla Superchargers Open October 19". HybridCars.com. Retrieved December 23, 2012. • ^ Motavalli, Jim (December 21, 2012). "Tesla Begins East Coast Fast-Charging Corridor". The New York Times. Retrieved December 23, 2012. • ^ Blanco, Tesla model s (September 27, 2009).

"Report: Tesla Model S was designed with battery swaps in mind". Autoblog Green. Retrieved June 22, 2013. • ^ Rogowsky, Mark (June 21, 2013). "Tesla 90-Second Battery Swap Tech Coming This Year". Forbes. Retrieved June 22, 2013. • ^ "Tesla Motors demonstrates battery swap in the Model S".

Green Car Congress. June 21, 2013. Retrieved June 22, 2013. • ^ Sorokanich, Bob (June 10, 2015). "Musk: Tesla "unlikely" to pursue battery swapping stations". Road & Track. Retrieved July 17, 2021.

• ^ finanz.dk. " "It Is Literally Everything": Desperate, Vulnerable Elon-Musk-Believers Beg Neuralink For Disease Help – Finanz.dk". Retrieved September 12, 2020. • ^ Voelcker, John. "Is Tesla's new battery-swap station just a ploy to gain zero-emission vehicle credits?". Business Insider. Retrieved April 18, 2020. • ^ Etherington, Darrell (September 22, 2020). "Future Tesla model s will have batteries that double as structure, making them extra stiff while improving efficiency, safety and cost".

TechCrunch. Retrieved July 17, 2021. • ^ "520 Model S Reserved in the First Week". Business Wire. April 1, 2009. Retrieved June 25, 2012. • ^ a b Paul Lienert (February 20, 2013). "UPDATE 2-Tesla Motors expects first profit in Q1". Reuters. Retrieved February 20, 2013. A total of about 2,650 Model S sedans were sold during 2012 • ^ Lienert, Anita (June 4, 2012). "2013 Tesla Model S Signature Series Is Sold Out". Edmunds Inside Line. Retrieved June 25, 2012.

• ^ Motavalli, Jim (May 12, 2012). "In White Plains, Tesla Motors Sells the Sizzle and Maybe a Car or Two". The New York Times. Retrieved June 25, 2012. • ^ Yoney, Domenick (February 20, 2013). "Tesla delivered 2,650 Model S EVs last year, Musk confident of profit in Q1 and beyond". Autoblog Green. Retrieved March 10, 2013. • ^ "Tesla Motors – Third Quarter 2015 Shareholder Letter" (PDF) (Press release). Palo Alto, California: Tesla Motors. November 3, 2015. Retrieved November 3, 2015.

Tesla global electric car sales totaled 11,603 units during the third quarter of 2015, including six Model X units. • ^ a b "Tesla Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2015 Update" (PDF).

Tesla Motors. February 10, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2016. A total of 17,478 units were delivered globaly during the fourth quarter of 2015, including 206 Model X vehicles. Model S sales in the United States totaled 16,689 units in 2014 and 25,202 in 2015. • ^ "Tesla Model S & Nissan LEAF Clocked As World's Best-Selling Electric Cars In 2016".

February 4, 2017. Retrieved November 27, 2018. • ^ a b "Tesla Motors, Inc. – Second Quarter 2013 Shareholder Letter" (PDF). Tesla Motors. August 7, 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 22, 2014. Retrieved August 7, 2013. • ^ "Tesla Motors, Inc. – Third Quarter 2013 Shareholder Letter" (PDF). Tesla Motors. November 5, 2013.

Archived from the original (PDF) on August 4, 2014. Retrieved November 6, 2013. • ^ Hull, Dana (February 14, 2013). "Elon Musk vs The New York Times: battle escalates Thursday with dueling blog posts". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved September 15, 2014. • ^ a b Julie Makinen (April 22, 2014). "Tesla delivers its first electric cars in China; delays upset some".

Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 22, 2014. • ^ Loveday, Eric (June 7, 2014). "First Right Hand Drive Tesla Model S EVs Get Delivered in UK". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved June 8, 2014. • ^ a b Eric Loveday (July 30, 2014). "Tesla Celebrates First Model S Deliveries in Hong Kong – Video". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved July 30, 2014. • ^ Mochizuki, Takashi (September 8, 2014). "Tesla's Musk, in Tokyo, Says 'Heart' of Model S Is Japanese". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 8, 2014.

• ^ Crowe, Philippe (December 9, 2014). "Tesla Officially Open For Business in Australia". HybridCars.com. Retrieved December 9, 2014. • ^ a b Cobb, Jeff (February 11, 2015). "2014's Top-10 Global Best-Selling Plug-in Cars". HybridCars.com. Retrieved February 11, 2015. A total of 31,655 units were sold worldwide in 2014. Global cumulative sales since June 2012 totaled 56,782 Model S cars by the end of 2014. • ^ "Tesla Motors – Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2014 Shareholder Letter" (PDF).

Tesla Motors. February 11, 2014. Retrieved February 11, 2014. Global sales during 4Q 2014 totaled 9,834 units. • ^ "Tesla Motors – Second Quarter 2015 Shareholder Letter" (PDF). Tesla Motors. August 5, 2015. Retrieved August 5, 2015. A total of 11,532 units were delivered globally during the second quarter of 2015. The Model S was the best-selling electric vehicle in the U.S for the first half of 2015. • ^ a b Cobb, Jeff (January 12, 2016).

"Tesla Model S Was World's Best-Selling Plug-in Car in 2015". HybridCars.com. Retrieved January 13, 2016. • ^ a b c "Tesla Fourth Quarter 2018 Delivery". Palo Alto: Tesla. January 5, 2019. Retrieved January 9, 2019. • ^ Mark Kane (January 3, 2019). "U.S. Tesla Sales In December 2018 Up By 249%". Inside EVs. Retrieved January 28, 2019. Cumulative sales in the U.S. of the three Tesla models available in 2018 totaled 351,298 vehicles, consisting of 143,892 Model S cars, 141,546 Model 3 cars, and 65,852 Model X SUVs, all, since inception.

• ^ a b "Tesla Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2015 Update" (PDF). Tesla Motors. February 10, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2016.

A total of 17,478 units were delivered globally during the fourth quarter of 2015, including 206 Model X vehicles. Model S sales in the United States totaled 16,689 units in 2014 and 25,202 in 2015. • ^ Cobb, Jeff (January 6, 2014). "December 2013 Dashboard". HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates. Retrieved July 6, 2015. An estimated 18,650 Model S sedans were sold in the U.S.

in 2013, and about 2,620 in 2012. See section "December 2013 Plug-in Electric Car Sales Numbers" • ^ Cobb, Jeff (January 4, 2018).

"December 2017 Dashboard". HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates. Retrieved January 23, 2018. • ^ "TESLA MODEL S SALES FIGURES". Retrieved June 27, 2021. • ^ Spring, Jake (October 23, 2015). "CORRECTED-(OFFICIAL)-UPDATE 2-Tesla CEO says negotiating with China on local production". Reuters. Retrieved October 24, 2015. Tesla sold sold 3,025 Model S cars in China from January to September 2015.

• ^ "Tesla cutting 30% of staff in China". Want China Times. March 7, 2015. Archived from the original on March 8, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015. Tesla imported 4,800 Model S cars in 2014, but only 2,499 of those vehicles were registered for road use in China.

• ^ Schmitt, Bertel (March 4, 2017). "Tesla's Sudden Chinese Billion, Where Are The Cars Behind It?". Forbes. Retrieved March 6, 2017. • ^ "Bilsalget i desember og hele 2013" [Car sales in December and during 2013] (in Norwegian). Opplysningsrådet for Veitrafikken AS (OFV, Norwegian Road Federation). January 2014. Archived from the original on January 4, 2014.

Retrieved July 31, 2014. • ^ "Bilsalget i 2014" [Car sales in 2014] (in Norwegian). Opplysningsrådet for Veitrafikken AS (OFV, Norwegian Road Federation). January 2015. Archived from the original on September 30, 2016.

Retrieved February 12, 2015. Click on "Modellfordelt" to display the top 20 selling new cars in Norway: A total of 4,040 Model S cars were sold in 2014, representing a 2.8% market share of new car sales in the country. • ^ "Bilsalget i desember" [Car sales in December] (in Norwegian). Opplysningsrådet for Veitrafikken AS (OFV, Norwegian Road Federation). January 2016. Retrieved February 3, 2016. A total of 4,039 new Model S cars were registered in Norway in 2015.

• ^ Norwegian Road Federation (OFV) (January 2017). "Bilsalget i 2016" [Car sales in 2016] (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on January 18, 2017 tesla model s. Retrieved January 25, 2017. Tesla Model S registrations in Norway totaled 2,051 new units in 2016.

• ^ Opplysningsrådet for Veitrafikken AS (OFV). "Bilsalget i 2017" [Car sales in 2017] (in Norwegian). Retrieved January 23, 2018. • ^ Norwegian Road Federation (OFV) (January 2, 2019).

"Bilsalget i 2018" [Car sales in 2018] (in Norwegian). OFV. Retrieved January 9, 2019. • ^ "Verkoopstatistieken – Meer marktinformatie" [Sales Statistics – More Market Information] (in Dutch). RAI Vereniging. January 24, 2014. Archived from the original on June 25, 2014. Retrieved June 8, 2014. Download pdf file for detailed sales in 2013 ("Download nieuwverkoop personenautos 201312"). • ^ "Verkoopstatistieken" [Sales Statistics] (PDF) (in Dutch).

RAI Vereniging. January 27, 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 9, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2015. Download the pdf file for tesla model s sales by model during 2014: " nieuwverkoop personenautos 201412 Archived 2015-02-01 at the Wayback Machine".

• ^ a b "Nieuwverkoop Personenautos Per Merk/Model" [New passenger cars sales by brand/model] (in Dutch). RAI Vereniging. January 2016. Archived from the original on March 6, 2016 tesla model s. Retrieved February 28, 2016. A total of 1,805 Model S cars were sold in the Netherlands in 2015". • ^ a b "RAI BOVAG Persbericht Verkopen Personenauto's" [RAI BOVAG Press Release car sales] (PDF) (in Dutch).

RAI Vereniging. January 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017. A total of 1,693 Model S cars were sold in the Netherlands in 2016." • ^ "Maandelijkse verkoopcijfers" [Monthly sales figures] (in Dutch). RAI Vereniging. January 22, 2018. Retrieved January 28, 2018. Download the XLS file "Personenauto's maandrapportage nieuwverkopen 2017" – A total of 2,051 Model S cars were sold in the Netherlands in 2017." • ^ RAI Vereniging (January 7, 2019). "Maandelijkse verkoopcijfers" [Monthly sales figures] (in Dutch).

RAI. Retrieved January 14, 2019. Download the XLS file "Personenauto's maandrapportage nieuwverkopen 2018" - A total of 1,613 i3 cars were sold in the Netherlands in 2018." • ^ a b Klippenstein, Matthew (January 2018). "Canadian Plug-in Electric Vehicle Sales".

Green Car Reports. Retrieved January 31, 2018. Tesla Model S sales tesla model s from IHS data. • ^ "Neuzulassungen von Personenkraftwagen 2013 nach Herstellern, Handelsnamen und ausgewählten Merkmalen" [New registrations of passenger cars 2013 by manufacturers, trade names and selected characteristics] (PDF). Statistische Mitteilungen des Kraftfahrt-Bundesamtes FZ 4, Jahr 2013 (in German). Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (KBA). May 2014. Retrieved April 13, 2015. A total of 183 units were registered in Germany in 2013.

• ^ "Neuzulassungen von Personenkraftwagen nach Segmenten und Modellreihen im Dezember 2014" [New registrations of passenger cars by segments and models in December 2014] (PDF) (in German).

Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (KBA). January 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 5, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015. A total of 815 units were registered in Germany in 2014. • tesla model s "Neuzulassungen von Personenkraftwagen im Dezember 2016 nach Segmenten und Modellreihen" [New registrations of passenger cars in December 2016 by segments and models] (PDF) (in German).

Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (KBA). January 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017. A total of 1,474 Model S cars were registered in Germany in 2016.

• ^ Bekker, Henk (January 9, 2018). "2017 (Full Year) Germany: Best-Selling Electric Car Brands and Models". best-selling-cars.com. Retrieved January 23, 2018. • ^ Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (KBA) (January 2019). "Neuzulassungen von Personenkraftwagen nach Segmenten und Modellreihen im Dezember 2018 (FZ 11) (xlsx, 75 KB, Datei ist nicht barrierefrei)" [New registrations of passenger cars by segments and models in December 2018] (in German).

KBA. Retrieved January 14, 2019. Click on the link Neuzulassungen von Personenkraftwagen nach Marken und Modellreihen im Dezember 2018 (FZ 11) (xlsx, 75 KB, Datei ist nicht barrierefrei) to download the file with registrations figures by model. • ^ "Plug-in grant eligible vehicles licensed (at the end of Q3 2017)". UK: RAC Foundation. January 2018. Retrieved February 6, 2018. This figure corresponds to eligible vehicles for the plug-in car and van grant schemes as licensed in the UK at the end of Q2 2017 (not cumulative sales).

• ^ "Plug-in grant eligible vehicles licensed (at the end of Q1 2016)". UK: RAC Foundation. Retrieved June 7, 2016. Figures correspond to the number of vehicles registered at the end of the corresponding quarter. • ^ Lilly, Chris (September 17, 2015). "Outlander PHEV tops ultra-low emission league table as plug-in sales soar". Next Green Car. Retrieved September 24, 2015. A total of 1,047 Model S cars were registered in the UK at the end of June 2015.

• ^ "Plug-in grant eligible vehicles licensed (at the end of Q3 2016)". UK: RAC Foundation. March 2017. Retrieved March 9, 2017. A total of 3,907 Model S cars were registered in the UK at the end of September 2016. • ^ "Autoverkäufe nach Tesla model s – Modellstatistik" [Passenger cars by model – Statistics by model] (in German).

Auto Schweiz Suisse. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved January 28, 2018. Under "Modellstatistik Januar - Dezember 2017" download the xls file for 2017 sales, under "Modellstatistiken 2011–2016" download the xls file "ModellePW2016" for 2016 sales, click "2015 Statistik" to download the file "ModellePW2015" with sales by model for 2015, "2014 Statistik" to download the file "ModellePW2014" with sales by model for 2014, and "2013 Statistik" to download the file "ModellePW2013" with sales by model for 2013.

• ^ "Statistik – Nyregistreringstal – Personbiler – Pr.model: januar–juni 2016" [Statistics – Passenger cars by model: January–June 2015] (in Danish). Bilimp. July 2016. Archived from the original on May 8, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2016. "Select "2015 or 2014 or 2013 – Hele året" for the corresponding year and click on "Pr.

model" for details of sales by brand and model. • ^ "Bilsalget i december samt hele 2016" [Car sales in December and throughout 2016] (in Danish).

Bilimp. January 3, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017. Download the file "12-2016.xls" and click on the tab "Pressemeddelelse" • ^ "ÅRETS BILSALG 2017" [Car sales 2017] (in Danish). Bilimp. January 8, 2018. Retrieved January 28, 2018. Download the file "12-2017.xls" and click on the tab "Pressemeddelelse" • ^ "Topplistan december 2014 (def)" [Highscore in December 2014 (definitely)] (PDF) (in Swedish).

Bil Sweden. January 6, 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 26, 2015. Retrieved April 13, 2015. • ^ "Nyregistreringar december 2016 def" [New Registrations December 2015 (final)] (in Swedish).

Bil Sweden. January 4, 2016. Archived from the original on April 15, 2016. Retrieved April 15, 2016. Download the pdf file "Nyregistreringar december 2015 def" See table: Nyregistrerade miljöpersonbilar December 2015 • ^ "Nyregistrerade miljöbilar december 2016 (def)" [New Registrations Super Green car December 2016 (final)] (in Swedish). Bil Sweden. January 4, 2017. Retrieved March 10, 2017.

Download the file "Nyregistrerade miljöbilar december 2016 (def)". • ^ "Definitiva nyregistreringar under 2017" [Definitive new registrations in 2017] (in Swedish). Bil Sweden. January 8, 2018. Retrieved January 28, 2018. Download the pdf file "PressRel1712_DEF.pdf" See table: "Nyregistrerade supermiljöbilar december 2017" • ^ Bil Sweden (January 7, 2019).

"Nyregistreringar december 2018 (def)" [Definitive new registrations December 2018 (final)] (in Swedish). Bil Sweden. Retrieved January 20, 2018. Download the pdf file "PressRel1812_DEF.pdf" See table: "Nyregistrerade laddbara personbilar december 2018" • ^ Torregrossa, Michaël (January 15, 2014).

"Tesla Model S – Plus de 22.000 ventes dans le monde en 2013" [Tesla Model S – More than 22,000 sales worldwide in 2013] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). Retrieved February 12, 2015. A total of 15 units were registered in France in 2013. • ^ "Chiffres de vente & immatriculations de voitures électriques en France" [Sales figures & electric car registrations in France] (in French).

Automobile Propre. January 2017. Retrieved March 10, 2017. See "Ventes de voitures électriques" in 2016, 2015, 2014 and 2013. It shows all-electric car registrations between 2010 and 2016.

A total of 785 Model S cars were registered in 2016, 708 in 2015 and 328 in 2014. • ^ "Près de 31 000 véhicules électriques immatriculés en France en 2017 !" [Nearly 31,000 electric vehicles registered in France in 2017!] (in French). France: France Mobilité Électrique - AVERE. January 9, 2018.

Retrieved January 23, 2018. • ^ France Mobilité Électrique - AVERE France (January 9, 2019). "Baromètre annuel : près de 40 000 véhicules électriques immatriculés en France en 2018 !" [Annual barometer: nearly 40,000 electric vehicles registered in France in 2018!] (in French).

AVERE. Retrieved January 28, 2019. • ^ Pontes, Jose (January 18, 2014). "Belgium December 2013". EV Sales. Retrieved January 25, 2014. • ^ "Immatriculations de Voitures Neuves Par Marque – December 2015" [New Car Registrations per Brand – December 2015] (PDF) (in French). Fédération Belge De L´Autombile Et Du Cycle (FEBIAC).

January 2016. Retrieved January 19, 2016. See in the left side cumulative sales for 2015 (820) and 2014 (521). • ^ Pontes, Jose (January 24, 2017). "Belgium December 2016". EV Sales. Retrieved March 10, 2017. • ^ Pontes, Jose (January 4, 2018). "Belgium December 2017". EV Sales. Retrieved January 28, 2018. • ^ Jose Pontes (January 4, 2019). "Belgium December 2018".

EV Sales. Retrieved February 2, 2019. • ^ Soo, Zen (January 25, 2016). "With Tesla's Model S now Hong Kong's top-selling sedan, chief Elon Musk predicts city to become world leader in electric vehicles". South China Morning Post. Retrieved February 2, 2016. • ^ "Bundesländer-Statistik – Dezember 2015" [Federal Statistics – December 2015] (in German).

Myampera.wordpress.com. August 2016. Retrieved August 12, 2016. Click on the tables by model by year. • ^ "Neuzulassungen nach Jahren" [Registrations by year] (in German). Statistik Austria. January 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2015. Download the pdf file "Kfz-Neuzulassungen Jänner bis Dezember 2014" for Tesla's monthly sales during 2014.

• ^ "BEV Overview table – Austria". European Alternative Fuels Observatory. March 2017. Retrieved March 10, 2017. Filter by country Austria. • ^ Pontes, Jose (January 17, 2018). "Austria December 2017". EV Sales. Retrieved January 28, 2018. • ^ Gasnier, Mat (January 12, 2016). "Australia Full Year 2015: Mazda first full importer to #2 in record market". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved January 18, 2016. Model S deliveries estimated at 1,250 units in tesla model s. • ^ David McCowen (May 26, 2015).

"Why the Tesla is Australia's best-selling electric car". Drive. Retrieved January 18, 2016. There were 65 Tesla Model S registered in New South Wales at the end of 2014, and 4 in Victoria. • ^ "BEV Overview table - Italy". European Alternative Fuels Observatory.

March 2017. Retrieved March 10, 2017. Filter by country Italy. • ^ Luca Moroni (January 6, 2018). "Dados para a venda de carros elétricos na Itália em dezembro de 2017" [Electric car salles data in Italy in December 2017] (in Italian).

Green Start. Retrieved January 28, 2018. • ^ Hirsch, Jerry (February 19, 2014). "Tesla Motors ends year with higher sales but still a big loss".

Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on April 22, 2014. Retrieved February 19, 2014. A total of 22,477 Model S sedans were sold in 2013.

• ^ "Tesla CHAdeMO Adapter". Archived from the original on April 7, 2017. • ^ Philippe Crowe (December 9, 2014). "Tesla Officially Open For Business in Australia". HybridCars.com. Retrieved July 14, 2015. • ^ Eric Loveday (December 10, 2014). "Tesla Model S Launches in Tesla model s First Australian Supercharger Comes Online". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved July 14, 2015. • ^ David McCowen (May 26, 2015). "Why the Tesla is Australia's best-selling electric car". Drive. Retrieved July 13, 2015.

• ^ Ucilia Wang (November 5, 2013). "Tesla Makes Record Delivery of Model S, Promises A 'Pioneering Approach' To Servicing Its Cars". Forbes. Retrieved November 5, 2013. Over 5,500 units delivered during 3Q 2013. • ^ Dobush, Grace (August 1, 2018). "Why Tesla Is Investing $5 Billion in a New China Factory, Its First Outside the U.S." Fortune. Retrieved January 28, 2019.

• ^ Automotive Industry Data (AID) (April 1, 2016). "Tesla's Model S outsold Mercedes S-Class in Europe last year". AID Newsletter. Retrieved April 7, 2016. During 2015 Tesla Models S sales in Western Europe totaled 15,787 units, while Mercedes-Benz S-Class sales totaled 14,990 units.

• ^ Schiphol Group press release (April 9, 2014). "Schiphol kiest voor duurzaam taxivervoer: Tesla" [Schiphol chooses sustainable taxi: Tesla] (in Dutch). Groen7.nl. Retrieved April 21, 2014. • ^ Cobb, Jeff (November 17, 2016).

"The Netherlands Becomes Sixth Country To Buy 100,000 Plug-in Vehicles". HybridCars.com. Retrieved November 18, 2016. • ^ "Nederland Elektrisch - Cijfers en statistieken EV's in Nederland".

nederlandelektrisch.nl. • ^ Antony Ingram (August 7, 2013). "First 2013 Tesla Model S Delivered Outside North America – In Oslo". Green Car Reports. Retrieved August 7, 2013. • ^ Kane, Mark (August 30, 2013). "First Six Tesla Supercharger Stations Up And Runing(sic) in Norway; ~ 120 kW of Power". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved September 1, 2013. • ^ John Voelcker (June 6, 2012).

"First 2012 Tesla Model S Delivered To Earliest Depositor Steve Jurvetson (Video)". Green Car Reports. Retrieved June 6, 2012. • ^ Mark Kane (December 24, 2015). "Tesla Model S Now on Sale in Mexico". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved December 24, 2015. See more details in video (in Spanish).

• ^ Ingram, Antony (December 3, 2013). "Tesla Wins Vs Ohio Car Dealers, Amendment Defeated". Green Car Reports. Retrieved December 3, 2013. • ^ Voelcker, John (June 21, 2013). "New York Auto Dealers Try To Make Registering Tesla Stores Illegal". Green Car Reports. Retrieved December 17, 2013. • ^ "Where can Tesla sell cars?".

Mojo Motors, Inc. March 19, 2015. Archived from the original on July 8, 2015 tesla model s. Retrieved July 7, 2015. • ^ Tani, Maxwell (May 21, 2015). "Texas says no to Tesla direct sales". Business Insider. Retrieved July 7, 2015. • ^ Hutchinson, Lee (May 21, 2015). "Bill to allow Tesla to sell cars in Texas dies in committee". Ars Technica. Retrieved July 8, 2015. • ^ "List of Tesla Stores, Service Centers and Chargers". teslamotors.com. Retrieved July 7, 2015.

• ^ "Official Tesla Model S 2014 safety rating results". EURO NCAP. 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2016. • ^ "2014 Tesla Model S 5 HB RWD". NHTSA. 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2016. • ^ "Model S Achieves Euro NCAP 5-Star Safety Rating". Tesla Motors. November 5, 2013. Retrieved November 26, 2014. • ^ "2013 Tesla Model S 5 HB RWD".

U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 25, 2014. • ^ "Official Tesla Model S 2014 safety rating results". Euro NCAP. Retrieved May 7, 2016. • ^ "2017 Tesla Model S 4-door hatchback". IIHS-HLDI crash testing and highway safety. • ^ a b Kilgore, Tomi; Assis, Claudia (July 6, 2017). "Tesla no longer biggest U.S. car company by market cap as stock plunges briefly into bear-market territory". MarketWatch. Retrieved July 6, 2017.

• ^ tesla model s electric cars miss IIHS awards". IIHS. February 1, 2017. Retrieved July 7, 2017. • ^ a b c Christopher Jensen (October 2, 2013). "Tesla Says Car Fire Started in Battery". The New York Times.

Retrieved October 5, 2013. • ^ a b c Steven Russolillo (October 4, 2013). "Musk Explains Why Tesla Model S Caught on Fire". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 5, 2013.

• ^ Phillipe Crowe (October 4, 2013). "Tesla Model S Catches Fire". HybridCars.com. Retrieved October 5, 2013. • ^ Voelcker, John (October 3, 2013). "First Tesla Model S Fire Caused By Collision With Road Debris". Green Car Reports. Retrieved October 23, 2014. • ^ 2012–2013 Model S Emergency Response Guide (PDF).

Tesla Motors. 2013. p. 18. Retrieved October 23, 2014. If the high voltage battery becomes involved in fire or is bent, twisted, damaged, or breached in any way, or if you suspect that the battery is heating, use large tesla model s of water to cool the battery.

DO NOT extinguish fire with a small amount of water. Always establish or request an additional water supply. • ^ David Shepardson (October 24, 2013).

"U.S. tesla model s not open investigation into Tesla fire". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013.

Retrieved October 25, 2013. • ^ a b Bill Vlasic and Jaclyn Trop (November 19, 2013). "After 3 Fires, Safety Agency Opens Inquiry into Tesla Model S". The New York Times.

Retrieved November 24, 2013. • ^ Eric Loveday (November 19, 2013). "NHTSA Opens Formal Investigation into 13,108 Model Year 2013 Tesla Model S Sedans Sold in US (Update)".

InsideEVs.com. Retrieved November 24, 2013. • ^ Danielle Ivory (March 28, 2014). "Federal Safety Agency Ends Its Investigation of Tesla Fires".

The New York Times. Retrieved March 31, 2014. • ^ Trop, Jaclyn (November 7, 2013). "Another Fire Tesla model s Questions for Tesla". The New York Times. Retrieved November 10, 2013. • ^ Voelcker, John (November 19, 2013). "Tesla Fires: NHTSA Will Probe, Warranty To Cover Fire Damage, Ride-Height Tweak". Green Car Reports. Retrieved November 24, 2013. • ^ Lopez, Linette (February 13, 2014). "Another Tesla Caught on Fire While Sitting in a Toronto Garage This Month".

Business Insider. Retrieved February 16, 2014. • ^ Ohnsman, Alan (February 14, 2014). "Tesla Investigating Cause of Fire in Toronto With Model S". Bloomberg News. Retrieved February 16, 2014.

• ^ George, Patrick (March 28, 2014). "The Tesla Model S: Now With Road Debris-Crushing Titanium!". Jalopnik. Retrieved March 31, 2014.

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Retrieved March 31, 2014. • ^ Roelsgaard, Peter (January 1, 2016). "Norsk Tesla model s bryder i brand under opladning" [Norsk Tesla ignites during charging]. Ekstra Bladet (in Norwegian). Retrieved January 2, 2016. • ^ Hopland, Sindre (January 2, 2016). "Tesla tok fyr under hurtiglading" [Tesla caught fire while supercharging]. NRK Sørlandet (in Norwegian). Retrieved January 2, 2016. • ^ George, Patrick (January 1, 2016).

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tesla model s

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The Straits Times. Retrieved June 1, 2016. • ^ "LTA on Tesla: CO2 emissions for electric cars start at power grid". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved June 1, 2016. • ^ "Singapore's LTA says the Tesla Model S it tested was a tesla model s car, hence its low efficiency". Tech in Asia. March 10, 2016. Retrieved June tesla model s, 2016.

• ^ Mitrache, Vlad (June 22, 2021). " "Tesla Stole $1K from Me"—Plaid+ Reservation Holder Points at Shady Tactics". autoevolution. Retrieved June 23, 2021. Further reading [ edit ] • van Gilluwe, Frank (2013). Tesla Model S - Best Car Ever! (1st. ed.). FAQware. ISBN 978-0-9860689-0-4. See book review: "Tesla Model S Best Car Ever!" is the Book All Model S Owners Should Own (Book Review)". InsideEVs. December 13, 2013. • Howe, Nick J. (2014). Owning Model S: The Definitive Guide to Buying and Owning the Tesla Model S (1st.

ed.). See book review: "Owning A Tesla Model S: New Book Offers Tips, Tricks, Inside Info (Book Review)". Green Car Reports. May 27, 2017. External links [ edit ] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tesla Model S. • Model S – official site at Tesla • 2012 Tesla Model S test and range verification • Should Battery Fires Drive Electric Cars Off the Road?, Scientific American, November 12, 2013.

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It's faster to 60 than an AMG GTR, with more back leg room than a Town Car (and a larger cargo space). It updates itself over the internet like your phone. It has the best bluetooth implementation I've ever seen.

The entire roof is made of tesla model s, so you can see the stars at night by looking up. You can make the most ridiculous merges because you know you have instant power, all while being more efficient than the gas car you now find obsolete.

The major trade-off is travel distance, but at 348 miles per charge, and the average person driving just 40 miles a day. not far enough? Give me a break. If your job/lifestyle has you driving more than that, you're likely not reading this review anyway. Test drive a Tesla. You're gonna be tesla model s. I traded in my models s 2017 for a long range plus and the fit and finish on the new car is terrible.

I purchased back in March and due to lockdown delivery was unable to inspect closely when picked up. I was told that service would fix issues but now service is saying all these gaps and paint issues are Tesla tolerance.

My advice when picking up go over with detail and take your time. Don’t let them rush you. If you have any doubt don’t accept the car as they won’t fix it at service unlike the promises.

Wanted to write this review to advise others. Overall not a bad car but looks cheap with all the gaps.
A 17” touchscreen with left-right tilt offers 2200 x 1300 resolution, true colors and exceptional responsiveness for gaming, movies and more.

A bold new approach gives you a true connection to Model S, offering better steering feel and unobstructed views of your dash and the road ahead. Tap the brake and Model S automatically selects the tesla model s direction to start your trip. Air vents are hidden throughout the cabin, while tri-zone temperature controls, ventilated seats and Tesla model s filtration deliver the perfect tesla model s. Seating for three adults, with extra legroom, headroom and a stowable armrest with integrated storage and wireless charging.

Up to 10 teraflops of processing power unlock in-car gaming on-par with today’s newest consoles. Play from any seat with tesla model s controller and headset compatibility. Cinematic Experience A 17” touchscreen with left-right tilt offers 2200 x 1300 resolution, true colors and exceptional responsiveness for gaming, movies and more.

Yoke Steering A bold new approach gives you a true connection to Model S, offering better steering feel and unobstructed views of your dash and the road ahead. Tap the brake and Model S automatically selects tesla model s correct direction to start your trip.

Perfect Environment Air vents are hidden throughout the cabin, while tri-zone temperature controls, ventilated seats and HEPA filtration deliver the perfect environment. Redesigned Second Row Seating for three adults, with extra legroom, headroom and a stowable armrest with integrated storage and wireless charging. Console-Grade Gaming Up to 10 teraflops of processing power unlock in-car gaming on-par with today’s newest consoles.

Play from any seat with wireless controller and headset compatibility. Tesla model s S Plaid has the quickest acceleration of any vehicle in production. Updated battery architecture for all Model S trims enables back-to-back track runs without performance degradation. Model S Plaid has the quickest acceleration of any vehicle in production. Updated battery architecture for all Model S trims enables back-to-back track runs without performance degradation. Model S Plaid has the quickest acceleration of any vehicle in production.

Updated battery architecture for all Model S trims enables back-to-back track runs without performance degradation. Model S Plaid has the quickest acceleration of any vehicle in production. Updated battery architecture for all Model S trims tesla model s back-to-back track runs without performance degradation.

Model S platforms unite powertrain and battery technologies for unrivaled performance, range and efficiency. New module and pack thermal architecture allows faster charging and gives you more power and endurance in all conditions.

Model S platforms unite powertrain and battery technologies for unrivaled performance, range and efficiency. New module and pack thermal architecture allows faster charging and gives you more power and endurance in all conditions. With a drag coefficient of just .208 Cd, the lowest on the planet, Model S is built for speed, endurance and range. Improved aerodynamics and a wider chassis offer more responsive performance so you can take corners quicker and with more confidence. With a drag coefficient of just .208 Cd, the lowest on the planet, Model S is built for speed, endurance and range.

Improved aerodynamics and a wider chassis offer more responsive performance so you can take corners quicker and with more confidence. With a drag coefficient of just .208 Cd, the lowest on the planet, Model S is built for speed, endurance and range. Improved aerodynamics and a wider chassis offer more responsive performance so you can take corners quicker and with more confidence.

With a drag coefficient of just .208 Cd, the lowest on the planet, Model S is built for speed, endurance and range. Improved aerodynamics and a wider chassis offer more responsive performance so you can take corners quicker and with more confidence.

Travel farther on a single charge than any other electric vehicle—and keep going with access to 30,000+ Superchargers globally. By combining up to 405 miles of estimated range with Tesla fast charging technology, you’ll spend less time charging and even more time on the road. Travel farther on a single charge than any other electric vehicle—and keep going with access to 30,000+ Superchargers globally.

By combining up to 405 miles of estimated range with Tesla fast charging technology, you’ll spend less time charging and even more time on the road.

Travel farther on a single charge than any other electric vehicle—and keep going with access to 30,000+ Superchargers globally. By combining up to 405 miles of estimated range with Tesla fast charging technology, you’ll spend less time charging and even more time on the road. Travel farther on a single charge than tesla model s other electric vehicle—and keep going with access to 30,000+ Superchargers globally.

By combining up to 405 miles of estimated range with Tesla fast charging technology, you’ll spend less time charging and even more time on the road.

Model S is built from the ground tesla model s as an electric vehicle, with a high-strength architecture and floor-mounted battery pack for incredible occupant protection and low rollover risk. Every new Model S includes Tesla’s latest active safety features, such as Automatic Emergency Braking, at no extra cost. Model S is built from the ground up as an tesla model s vehicle, with a high-strength architecture and floor-mounted battery pack for incredible occupant protection and low rollover risk.

Every new Model S includes Tesla’s latest active safety features, such as Automatic Emergency Braking, at no extra cost. Model S is built from the ground up as an electric vehicle, with a high-strength architecture and floor-mounted battery pack for incredible occupant protection and low rollover risk.

Every new Model S includes Tesla’s latest active safety features, such as Automatic Emergency Braking, at no extra cost. Model S is built from the ground up as an electric vehicle, with a high-strength architecture and floor-mounted battery pack for incredible occupant protection and low rollover risk. Every new Model S includes Tesla’s latest active safety features, such as Automatic Emergency Braking, at no extra cost.

Autopilot enables your car to steer, accelerate and brake automatically within its lane under your active supervision, assisting with the most burdensome parts of driving. With over-the-air software updates, the latest enhancements are available instantly. Autopilot enables your car to steer, accelerate and brake automatically within its lane under your active supervision, assisting with the most burdensome parts of driving. With over-the-air software updates, the latest enhancements are available instantly.

Autopilot enables your car to steer, accelerate and brake automatically within its lane under your active supervision, assisting with the most burdensome parts of driving. With over-the-air software updates, the latest enhancements are available instantly. Autopilot enables your car to steer, accelerate and brake automatically within its lane under your active supervision, assisting with the most burdensome parts of driving.

With over-the-air software updates, the latest enhancements are available instantly. Photos • Highs So quick it'll make you dizzy, fun-to-drive nature, class-leading maximum driving range. • Lows Cabin isn't as nice as the price suggests, large infotainment screen is distracting at times, rear passengers have no space to store small items. • Verdict If Tesla stopped building cars tomorrow, the company's legacy would still forever be cemented in automotive history books thanks to this car.

By Drew Dorian Overview Without it we wouldn't have the growing selection of electric vehicles we have today, yet the 2022 Tesla Model Tesla model s remains one of the most compelling and desirable options in that growing market segment. It also earns a spot on our 2022 Editors' Choice list. With up to 412 miles of estimated driving range—depending upon model—the S can easily be used for long drives, and the 1020-hp Plaid version can deliver supercar acceleration while seating four adults.

The Model S is also practical, with a large rear cargo area and a secondary front-trunk for extra space. New entrants in the luxury EV sedan category includes the Porsche Taycan and the Audi e-tron GT, both of which challenge the Model S in terms of performance and comfort, but its superior range and available semi-autonomous driving technology continue to draw consumers to this Tesla.

What's New for 2022? Last year, the Model S received a styling refresh for the exterior and interior that resulted in the addition of tesla model s unique yoke-style steering wheel and a beastly 1020-hp Plaid performance model. For 2022, we are expecting few changes, but Tesla has announced a large price increase for the base Long Range trim. Pricing and Which One to Buy We'd stick with the base Long Range model, which carries an estimated range of 412 miles per charge.

The 1020-hp Plaid model sounds compelling, but its six-figure asking price represents diminishing value—unless you must have a car with the performance of a Top Fuel dragster.

EV Motor, Power, and Performance With an electric motor dedicated to each of the front and rear axles, the Model S offers full-time all-wheel drive no matter which version you choose. Acceleration of the various models ranges from outstanding to ferocious. We haven't tested the Model S Long Range or Plaid yet, but our 2020 Model S test vehicle delivered a blistering 2.4-second zero-to-60-mph time and proved endlessly entertainment thanks to its immediate power delivery.

The Plaid model boasts a third electric motor, which boosts combined output to 1020 horsepower, which is enough to send it to 60 mph in just 2.1 seconds in our testing. The standard Model S has proven itself an agile sports sedan with well-controlled body motions and direct steering.

Two different settings allow drivers to choose heavy or light steering effort, but neither of them enable more feedback from the road. Ride comfort is good, the handling is crisp, and it's confident and almost tranquil on the highway. Model S Plaid Traveled 280 Miles in Our Range Test Range, Charging, and Battery Life Under the Tesla's floor lies a battery pack that yields a low center of gravity and evenly distributed weight from front to rear.

Driving range and acceleration performance varies from model to model, with the Long Range version's battery providing up to a 412-mile range while the Plaid model offers up to 390. Upstart Lucid Motors says its Air luxury sedan is rated for up to 517 miles per charge.

Fuel Economy and Real-World MPGe While EVs such as the Chevy Bolt and Polestar 2 deliver serviceable driving range the Model S remains an impressive alternative to gasoline-powered vehicles when it comes to long-distance usability.

The base Long Range model receives the highest MPGe ratings at 121 city and 112 highway. In our real-world, 75-mph highway fuel economy test, a 2020 Model S we tested posted a 222-mile highway range number against its 326-mile EPA estimated driving range; the Plaid managed 280 miles of its claimed 390 miles of range.

For more information about the Model S's fuel economy, visit the EPA's website. Interior, Comfort, and Cargo With Model S prices starting at over $90,000, buyers would be reasonable to expect a certain amount of luxury inside the car.

The cabin's atmosphere is nice enough, but it's not nearly as plush as those of our favorites such as the Mercedes-Benz E-class and the Volvo S90. The Model S's sloped roofline cleverly hides a rear liftgate that opens up to reveal a huge 26-cubic-foot trunk. We managed to stash eight of our carry-on-size cases without folding down the rear seats. Paltry small-item cubby stowage throughout the interior—especially in the back seat—is offset by a large underfloor bin in the rear cargo area.

Why We Test: Every Number Tells a Story Infotainment and Connectivity Fans of modern minimalism will adore the Model S's cabin, which comes standard with a giant infotainment screen that controls almost all of the vehicle's functions. Technophiles will be in heaven, but we're not completely sold. The screen's positioning on the dashboard will require some drivers to lean forward in their seat to reach certain icons, especially those near the top right of the display.

Unlike the cheaper Model 3, the Model S provides a secondary display for the gauge cluster and a small touchpad in the rear seat as well. How to Repair, Maintain, and Care for Your Car Safety and Driver-Assistance Features Although the Model S has sparked a nationwide conversation about the safety of partially autonomous vehicles and has been reported to catch fire after certain types of high-speed impacts, its safety credibility is buoyed by decent crash-test results from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety and the knowledge that car fires aren't uncommon, either in electric- or gasoline-powered vehicles.

For more information about the Model S's crash-test results, visit the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration ( NHTSA) and Insurance Institute for Highway Safety ( IIHS) websites. Key safety features include: • Standard automated emergency braking • Standard lane-departure warning • Available adaptive cruise control with semi-autonomous driving mode Warranty and Maintenance Coverage Tesla offers a comprehensive warranty package to protect the Model S's powertrain and hybrid components but lacks the lengthy bumper-to-bumper coverage and complimentary scheduled maintenance packages of the Jaguar I-Pace.

• Limited warranty covers four years or 50,000 miles • Powertrain warranty covers eight years and unlimited miles • Tesla model s complimentary scheduled maintenance More Features and Specs
Accident Free Vehicle: Yes Personal Use Only: Yes History Provider: AutoCheck Title Details: Clean Title Salvage Vehicle: No Frame Damage: No Theft History: No Lemon Status: No Free History Report: No Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E47MF417503 Stock: 2001276928 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 10-13-2021 • Check Availability Located in Chicago, IL / 529 miles away from Rutland, ND At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�.

That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think . AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable. Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1S13EFP34187 Stock: 2000777101 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 05-03-2021 • Check Availability Located in Boston, MA / 1,329 miles away from Rutland, ND At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�.

That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think . AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable. Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E43JF243697 Stock: 2001308768 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 11-12-2021 • Accident Free Vehicle: Yes Personal Use Only: Yes History Provider: AutoCheck Title Details: Clean Title Salvage Tesla model s No Frame Damage: No Theft History: No Lemon Status: No Free History Report: No Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E4XHF200453 Stock: 2001700770 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 04-08-2022 • Accident Free Vehicle: Yes Personal Use Only: Yes History Provider: AutoCheck Title Details: Clean Title Salvage Vehicle: No Frame Damage: No Theft History: No Lemon Status: No Free History Report: No Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E24KF309058 Stock: 2001603975 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 02-16-2022 • Accident Free Vehicle: Yes Personal Use Only: Yes History Provider: AutoCheck Title Details: Clean Title Salvage Vehicle: No Frame Damage: No Theft History: No Lemon Status: No Free History Report: No Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E27LF403324 Stock: 2001704255 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 04-14-2022 • Check Availability Located in Philadelphia, PA / 1,200 miles away from Rutland, ND At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�.

That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think . AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable. Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E44LF390646 Stock: 2001695434 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 03-21-2022 • Check Availability Located in Washington, DC / 1,156 miles away from Rutland, ND At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�.

That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think . AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable. Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E4XJF271643 Stock: 2001308769 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 11-12-2021 • Accident Free Vehicle: Yes Personal Use Only: Yes History Provider: AutoCheck Title Details: Clean Title Salvage Vehicle: No Frame Damage: No Theft History: No Lemon Status: No Free History Report: No Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E60NF459448 Stock: 2001613400 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 04-14-2022 • Accident Free Vehicle: Yes Personal Use Only: Yes History Provider: AutoCheck Title Details: Clean Title Salvage Vehicle: No Frame Damage: No Theft History: No Lemon Status: No Free History Report: No Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E23KF304384 Stock: 2001758362 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 05-04-2022 • Accident Free Vehicle: Yes Personal Use Only: Yes History Provider: AutoCheck Title Details: Clean Title Salvage Vehicle: No Frame Damage: No Theft History: No Lemon Status: No Free History Report: No Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1H27FFP74161 Stock: 2001661850 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 04-25-2022 • Check Availability Located in Los Angeles, CA / 1,371 miles away from Rutland, ND At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�.

That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think . AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable. Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1H49FF081190 Stock: 2001683186 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 03-18-2022 • Check Availability Located in Santa Clara, CA / 1,392 miles away from Rutland, ND Transfer of vehicle from another location to your neighborhood Enterprise Car Sales may require payment of a non-refundable transfer fee to begin the .

AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable. Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E23JF281770 Stock: 7RFLLS Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 03-25-2022 • Check Availability Located in San Leandro, CA / 1,385 miles away from Rutland, ND Transfer of vehicle from another location to your neighborhood Enterprise Car Sales may require payment of a non-refundable transfer fee to begin the . Dealer Review: Bought a car from Enterprise and I could not be happier. But this review is more about the people.

Specifically Courtney C went above and beyond to help me find what I was looking for. She went out of her way to so I could purchase a Chevy Volt and I cannot thank her enough for her professionalism, kindness and compassion.

Its the best customer service I have ever received and i hope they give that women a raise! Thank you!!! AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable. Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E22JF281114 Stock: 7RT98J Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 03-22-2022 • Accident Free Vehicle: Yes Personal Use Only: No History Provider: AutoCheck Title Details: Clean Title Salvage Vehicle: No Frame Damage: No Theft History: No Lemon Status: No Free History Report: No Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E19HF201230 Stock: 2001360651 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 11-11-2021 • Accident Free Tesla model s Yes Personal Use Only: No History Provider: AutoCheck Title Details: Clean Title Salvage Vehicle: No Frame Damage: No Theft History: No Lemon Status: No Free History Report: No Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E28JF293686 Stock: 7RLQJS Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 03-29-2022 • Check Availability Located in Renton, WA / 1,170 miles away from Rutland, ND Transfer of vehicle from another location to your neighborhood Enterprise Car Sales may require payment of a non-refundable transfer fee to begin the .

AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable. Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E22JF245441 Stock: 7QQ9CG Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 03-21-2022 • Check Availability Located in San Antonio, TX / 1,143 miles away from Rutland, ND 4-Wheel Disc Brakes, ABS brakes, Adaptive suspension, Auto-leveling suspension, Brake assist, Electronic Stability Control, Exterior Parking Camera Re. Dealer Review: Casper Kasperski was amazing to work with.

Casper was very patient with us and was very informational about the 2020 Corsair that we purchased. We will definitely come back for future purchases. AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable. Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E46MF424376 Stock: NF424376 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 03-17-2022 • Check Availability Located in Atlanta, GA / 1,091 miles away from Rutland, ND At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees.

Tesla model s believe in treating you better--we think . Dealer Review: Carvana selling this car as a ship to your door option. They state it is a manual transmission, until you dig deep into the interior picks which they cleaverly disguise to see it is in fact an automatic. Imagine I bought it and let them ship it based on the listing. AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Accident Free Vehicle: Yes Personal Use Only: Yes History Provider: AutoCheck Title Details: Clean Title Salvage Vehicle: No Frame Damage: No Theft History: No Lemon Status: No Free History Report: Yes Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1H2XFFP76504 Stock: 2001691211 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 04-26-2022 • Check Availability Located in Phoenix, AZ / 1,155 miles away from Rutland, ND At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�.

That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think . AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable. Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E47JF241497 Stock: 2001470064 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 01-31-2022 • Check Availability Located in Tesla model s Shade, NJ / 1,210 miles away from Rutland, ND ADAPTIVE CRUISE CONTROL, AIR CONDITIONING, ALUMINUIM TRIM, APPLE CARPLAY, AUTOMATIC HEADLIGHTS, AUXILARY AUDIO INPUT, BACK-UP CAMERA, BLUETOOTH CONNEC.

Dealer Review: Great First Impression ! I decided to go to CarVision maple shade and was greeted by Saleem Boyd. Saleem was very knowledgeable about all the different vehicles, I was interested in and even offered other suggestions based off my budget. We were able to discuss the best options and find the perfect car for me. Saleem was very friendly and had great customer service skills. I even told my family and friends how great he was and recommended they go to him when ready to purchase a vehicle.

The other staff were very friendly and welcoming as well and it was very clean inside the dealership. I definitely recommend Car Vision MapleShade. Very good Service and great selection of cars ! AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Accident Free Vehicle: Yes Personal Use Only: No History Provider: AutoCheck Title Details: Clean Title Salvage Vehicle: No Frame Damage: No Theft History: No Lemon Status: No Free History Report: No Features and Specs: Listing Information: VIN: 5YJSA1E26HF185979 Stock: 185979 Certified Pre-Owned: No Listed since: 03-17-2022 • Used Tesla Model S by Year Vehicle Deals Starting Price Total Available 2022 Tesla Model S - $99,990 2 listings 2021 Tesla Model S 1 Great Deal $113,990 2 listings 2020 Tesla Model S - $80,990 4 listings 2019 Tesla Model S 2 Great Deals $64,999 7 listings 2018 Tesla Model S 6 Great Deals $55,999 28 listings 2017 Tesla Model S 1 Great Deal $47,990 12 listings 2016 Tesla Model S - $46,999 2 listings More about the Tesla Model S Edmunds has 1,162 used Tesla Model Ss for sale near you, including a 2014 Model S 60 Sedan and a 2022 Model S Plaid Sedan ranging in price from $30,990 to $142,990.

How much is the used Tesla Model S? Great news! There are 3 dealerships near you that received an Edmunds Five Star Dealer Award that have the Tesla model s Model S for sale in stock. Shopping at one of these dealerships means you'll receive the highest level of customer service. Learn more about the Tesla Model S What to look for when buying a used Tesla Model S?

Rating How are ratings determined?We analyze millions of data points to generate our ratings. We look at vehicle configuration, options, history, nearby transactions, market pricing and more — the ratings are up-to-date and relevant to your search area. Edmunds' ratings are backed by 15+ years of pricing research done by our data scientists Tesla Model S Cars for Sale • 2021 Tesla Model S • 2014 Tesla Model S • Used Tesla Model S Boston MA • Used Tesla Model S Los Angeles CA for sale Used vehicles for sale • Used Hyundai Azera 2007 • Used Ram Dakota 1997 • Used Buick Lucerne 1998 • Used Cadillac Escalade 2005 • Used BMW X3 2008 • Used Mazda MPV 2003 • Used Volkswagen Golf 2014 • Used Toyota Avalon Hybrid 2016 • Used Porsche 718 Boxster 2011 • Used BMW X6 M 2012 • Used Ford Crown Victoria 1998 • Used Pontiac G6 1990 • Used Dodge Caravan 2005 • Used Chevrolet Malibu 2002 • Used Chevrolet Express Cargo 2018 For Sale • Used Bentley Continental 2004 Shop used vehicles by model • Used Kia Niro • Used Chevrolet S 10 • Used BMW I3 • Used Alfa Romeo Giulia • Used Chevrolet Trax • Used Lexus Is 200T • Used Audi S5 • Used Lexus Es 300H • Used Fiat 500E • Used Cadillac XT5 • Used Chevrolet Bolt Ev • Used Chevrolet Corvette Stingray • Used Cadillac DTS Shop used models by city • Used Ford Transit Passenger Van in Bronx, NY • Used Hyundai Sonata Hybrid in Stockton, CA • Used Land Rover Discovery Sport in Katy, TX • Used Ford Transit Passenger Van in Jersey City, NJ • Used Toyota Corolla Im in Oakland, CA • Used Ford Transit Passenger Van in Arlington, TX • Used Honda Clarity in Garden Grove, CA • Used Toyota Corolla Im in Manassas, VA • Used Mitsubishi Outlander Phev in Garland, TX • Used Kia Optima Hybrid in San Diego, CA Shop used model years by city • Used Tesla Model S 2013 in Tacoma, WA For Sale • Used Tesla Model X 2017 in Elizabeth, NJ • Used Tesla Model X 2016 in Rockville, MD For Sale • Tesla model s True Market Value (TMV) Appraisal Recommended • Used Audi A4 in Charlottesville, VA • Used Lotus Exige 2007 Review • Used Lotus Exige 2010 Review • Used Buick Lesabre Tomball TX • Aston Martin V8 Vantage 2016 Review
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• Compare Car Insurance • Advice • Car Buying Advice • Car Insurance • Car Loans & Leasing • Motorcycles • ATVs • UTVs • Best Car Deals • New Car Deals • Lease Deals • Used Car Deals • Sell Your Car Search All Interior Photos » See All 273 Photos » Rankings & Research The 2022 Tesla Model S's #3 ranking is based tesla model s its score within the Luxury Electric Cars category.

Currently the Tesla Model S has a score of 8.9 out of 10, which is based on our evaluation of 45 pieces of research and data elements using various sources.

• #3 in Luxury Electric Cars See the full Luxury Electric Cars rankings » Is the Tesla Model S a Good Car? Yes, the Tesla Model S is a good car. It’s powerful and quick, and the Plaid variant is one of the fastest production cars in the world. Fuel economy estimates are impressive, and few EVs even approach this Tesla’s driving range. The Model S is enjoyable to drive, with agile handling and a cushioned ride.

The seats are comfortable and supportive, and there’s plenty of cargo space. However, a few other luxury electric cars have more convenient infotainment systems, and several have superior cabin quality. Should I Buy the Tesla Model S? The Model S is a great car, and it should be a top choice for buyers looking for a thrilling EV. However, Model S shoppers also need to have deep pockets because this Tesla carries an incredibly high starting price, even by luxury vehicle standards.

Find a 2022 Tesla Model S for sale near you » Why Tesla model s Can Trust Us: 45 Reviews Analyzed We don’t base our car reviews on our personal opinions. Instead, we combine the findings of professional test drivers with data such as performance and interior specs and fuel economy estimates to give you a complete overview of every vehicle we rank.

This 2022 Model S review incorporates applicable research for all models in this generation, which launched for 2012. U.S. News & World Report has been ranking the best cars, trucks, and SUVs since 2007, and our staff has more than 75 years’ worth of auto industry experience combined. To keep tesla model s reviews unbiased, we don’t accept expensive gifts or trips from car companies, and an outside company manages our advertising. 2021 vs. 2022 Tesla Model S: What's the Difference?

The 2022 Model S sees no major updates, which means there’s not much difference between it and the 2021 Model S. Compare the 2021 and 2022 Model S » Here are the key changes for the Tesla Model S over the last few years: • 2022: no notable changes • 2021: refreshed interior styling; high-performance Plaid trim debuts • 2020: no notable changes • 2019: longer-range 100-kWh battery became standard • 2018: all-wheel drive made standard If you're considering an older model, be sure to read our 2019 Model S2020 Model Sand 2021 Model S reviews to help make your decision.

Also, check out our Best New Car Deals and Best New Car Lease Deals pages to tesla model s about savings and discounts you can find on new vehicles. How Much Does the Tesla Model S Cost? The Tesla Model S tesla model s a $94,990 starting price, making it more expensive than almost anything else in the luxury electric car segment. The Plaid trim costs $129,990. Few class rivals offer anything that costs as much as the Model S Plaid. Check out our U.S.

News Best Price Program for great savings at your tesla model s Tesla dealer. Can I Lease the Tesla Model S? Yes, Tesla offers lease options for its vehicles. Tesla Model S Versus the Competition Tesla Model S vs. Tesla Model X The Tesla Model X is the answer to the question, “what if there was an SUV version of the Model S?” Both vehicles feature the same 100-kWh battery pack, electric all-wheel-drive system, and many of the same convenience and safety technologies.

Their styling is similar inside and out as well. The Model X has a third row of seats and provides more cargo space, but the Model S has a longer range and a lower starting price. Compare the Model S and Model X » Tesla Model S vs. Porsche Taycan The Porsche Taycan is among the biggest challengers to the Model S in the luxury electric car class. The Model S has a longer driving range and more passenger and cargo space, but the Taycan features a much more upscale interior with better fit and finish, despite a starting price that’s much lower (about $12,000) than the Tesla’s.

The Porsche also feels more agile and fun to drive on switchback roads, though it can’t match the acceleration of the Model S. Compare the Model S and Taycan » Compare the Model S, Model X, and Taycan » Model S Performance: You Have to See It to Believe It Model S Motor The base Model S comes with a 100-kWh lithium-ion battery pack and two electric motors; one motor powers the front wheels, while the other powers the rear wheels.

The Plaid trim features an additional electric motor at the rear axle. There’s no slowpoke in the Tesla Model S lineup. The base model can sprint from zero to 60 mph in 3.1 seconds. It feels peppy when driving around town, and it supplies ample passing power on the highway, thanks to the immediate torque from its electric motors. The Plaid can rip from zero to 60 mph in a head-spinning 1.99 seconds, according to Tesla. Model S MPGe This Tesla earns great fuel economy estimates.

In its base setup, it gets 124 MPG-equivalent in the city and 115 MPGe on the highway. With 19-inch wheels, the Model S Plaid gets 119/112 MPGe city/highway. Choose the 21-inch wheels, and the Plaid’s ratings drop way off, down to 102/99 MPGe. For more information, read What Is MPGe? What Is the Driving Range of the Tesla Model S? The Model S’ maximum range varies by trim, but in any setup, this car gets excellent range for an EV.

The standard Model S can go up to 405 miles, and the Plaid can go up to 396 miles. In either model, upgrading to 21-inch wheels drops the maximum range by a few dozen miles. How Do You Charge the Tesla Model S?

A 48-amp onboard charger comes standard with the Model S. You can charge the Model S with a standard 20-foot cord that connects to a 120-volt household-style power outlet. An available adapter lets owners use a 240-volt outlet with a mobile connector. A home charging station offered by Tesla or third-party companies is another option. While on the road, you can rapidly recharge the Model S using one of Tesla’s Supercharger stations.

Tesla also includes an adapter for J1772 charging stations, and there’s an available adapter for CHAdeMO stations. The Model S' charge port is located tesla model s a flap at the leading edge of the driver’s side taillight. You can pop open this flap by pressing it with your finger or remotely by using the infotainment screen or mobile app.

Simply plug-in the Model S using the designated charge cord, and it will begin charging.

tesla model s

If charging at a Supercharger station, Tesla will automatically bill your account rather than requiring payment at the station. How Long Does It Take to Charge the Tesla Model S?

As with any EV, charging times for the Model S vary according to the method used. Plugging in with a 240-volt household outlet or at a Level 2 public charging station can typically add 34 miles of driving range per hour of charge, which can essentially recharge the battery overnight.

Plugging in at one of Tesla’s Supercharger stations can provide up to 200 miles of range in 15 minutes. That said, Supercharging rates can vary based on factors such as ambient temperature and battery capacity. Where Can I Charge the Tesla Model S? The Model S can be charged at home or in public at a charging station.

When on the go, you can use the navigation system to locate charging stations along your route. Currently, there are more than 30,000 Tesla Supercharger stations worldwide. For more information, read Your Guide to the Tesla Supercharger Network How Long Will the Tesla Model S’ Battery Last? Tesla model s estimates its battery can last for between 300,000 and 500,000 miles.

To maximize battery life, Tesla recommends keeping it plugged in to charge when you’re not planning on driving. It’s also worth noting that battery degradation is greatly influenced by how the vehicle is used. For instance, a battery that is Supercharged once or twice a week will typically degrade at a quicker rate than one that is rarely fast-charged. Frequent driving with a low state of charge can also affect battery life, as can driving in particularly hot or cold temperatures.

Model S Ride and Handling The Model S is a great car to drive. Its air suspension soaks up bumps and dips in the pavement, yielding a smooth and relaxing ride. The Model S feels stable around turns, and its steering is quick but fairly numb. The brakes are generally fine, but be sure to give them plenty of time to cool down after some aggressive acceleration. How Fast Is the Tesla Model S? The base Model S can tesla model s from zero to 60 mph in a blistering 3.1 seconds. That's faster than most luxury sports cars.

The high-performance Plaid variant can do even better. It can accelerate from zero to 60 mph in 1.99 seconds, sprint through a quarter-mile in 9.23 seconds, and achieve a top speed of 200 mph.

That makes the Model S Plaid one of the fastest cars in the world. Is the Tesla Model S Available with All-Wheel Drive? Every Model S comes standard with all-wheel drive.

Read more about performance » Model S Interior: A Bit Disappointing, to be Honest Model S Interior Quality This Tesla’s biggest weakness is its fit and finish. Many other luxury rivals have better cabin materials and superior build quality.

Model S Infotainment, Tesla model s, and Navigation The Model S’ touch-screen infotainment system has a relatively simple layout, but it’s tasked with handling almost all of the car’s functions, which can demand a lot of attention from drivers, especially since certain features require you to navigate through multiple menus. Also, unlike most other cars on the market, the Model S doesn’t offer Android Auto or Apple CarPlay.

• Standard infotainment tesla model s a 17-inch touch screen, navigation, HD Radio, a 22-speaker stereo, Bluetooth, five USB ports, a Wi-Fi hot spot, a rear-seat display, and wireless device charging for up to two smartphones • Additional standard features: a panoramic sunroof, tri-zone automatic climate control, and a digital gauge cluster Model S Cargo Space Few class rivals come anywhere close to this Tesla’s cargo capacity.

It provides about 28 cubic feet of space behind its rear seats and a total of 58 cubic feet with the rear seats folded. There’s an additional 5 cubic feet of storage space underneath the hood. How Many People Does the Model S Seat?

tesla model s

The Model S seats five people. The front seats are comfy and fairly supportive, and there’s plenty of space for taller riders. Tesla model s rear seats aren’t as spacious, but there’s still adequate room for adults to sit comfortably on shorter trips. Model S and Child Car Seats There are two complete sets of LATCH connectors for the Model S’ rear outboard seats and a tether anchor for the rear middle seat.

Read more about interior » Model S Reliability Is the Tesla Model S Reliable? The 2022 Tesla Model S does not have a J.D. Power predicted reliability score. Tesla Model S Warranty Tesla covers the Model S with a four-year/50,000-mile limited warranty and an eight-year/150,000-mile powertrain warranty.

Read more about reliability » 2022 Tesla Model S Safety Crash Test Results Neither the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration nor the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has crash tested the 2022 Model S. Safety Features Standard driver assistance features: • Rearview camera • Forward and side collision warning • Pedestrian detection • Forward automatic emergency braking • Blind spot monitoring • Front and rear parking sensors • Lane departure warning • Lane keep assist • Adaptive cruise control Available driver assistance features: • Hands-free park assist • Automated highway driving • Automated lane change • Summon (automated vehicle return from parking spot) Read more about safety » Model S Dimensions and Weight The Model S is 16.3 feet long.

Its curb weight ranges from 4,561 to 4,766 pounds. Where Is the 2022 Tesla Model S Built? Tesla builds the 2022 Model S in California. Which Tesla Model S Model Is Right for Me? The 2022 Tesla Model S comes in two trims: base and Plaid. The base model is the best bet for most shoppers. It costs considerably less than the Plaid trim, yet it still accelerates with astounding quickness and offers all of the same features.

Tesla Model S The base Model S has a $94,990 starting price. It comes equipped with a lithium-ion battery pack, single-speed transmission, and dual-motor all-wheel-drive system.

This setup yields an estimated driving range of 405 miles. Standard features include an adaptive air suspension, synthetic leather upholstery, heated and ventilated front seats, heated rear seats, a heated steering wheel, front and rear parking sensors, a rearview camera, a panoramic sunroof, tri-zone automatic climate control, a digital gauge cluster, a 17-inch touch screen, navigation, HD Radio, a 22-speaker stereo, Bluetooth, five USB ports, a Wi-Fi hot spot, a second-row display, and wireless device charging for up to two smartphones.

Tesla’s Autopilot system also comes standard, and it includes blind spot monitoring, lane keep assist, forward and side collision warning, forward automatic emergency braking, pedestrian detection, and adaptive cruise control. Options include 21-inch wheels ($4,500) and different upholstery color combinations ($2,000 each). The available Full Self-Driving Capability package costs $12,000, and it adds automated highway driving and lane changing, hands-free parking, and automated return from a parking spot (or "summon").

More advanced capabilities like low-speed automated steering are expected to arrive via over-the-air updates in the coming years, pending regulatory approval. Despite the names of some of these features, the Model S is not capable of fully autonomous driving. The driver is still responsible for safe operation of the vehicle tesla model s all times. Tesla Model S Plaid The Model S Plaid costs $129,990 and adds a third electric motor, which boosts the car's output to more than 1,000 horsepower (1,020, to be exact).

The Plaid's zero-to-60 mph time improves to 1.99 seconds, while its top speed increases to 200 mph. Driving range is estimated at 396 miles. All standard and available features carry over unchanged. Check out our U.S. News Best Price Program for great savings at your local Tesla dealer. See 2022 Tesla Model S specs and trims » The Final Call The 2022 Tesla Model S delivers breathtaking acceleration, engaging driving dynamics, and fantastic fuel economy estimates.

It also has ample room for people and cargo, as well as a longer driving range than most other EVs. It’s easy to see why the Model S sits near the top of our luxury electric car rankings. However, because of its high price and uninspiring interior quality, the Model S is no longer a slam-dunk choice in this class. Don't just take our word for it. Check out comments from some of the reviews that drive our rankings and analysis. • "Despite new competitors popping up in recent years, the Tesla Model S remains a top choice in premium electric sedans." -- Kelley Blue Book • "Once the jewel of the Tesla lineup, the Model S is finally being challenged by more luxurious rivals, but it's still a formidable luxe-class Tesla model s -- Car and Driver (2021) • "The Tesla Model S is the electric luxury sedan that created the segment upon its debut in 2012.

After almost a decade, competitors are still chasing the original, although the upcoming Lucid Air, backed by the original chief engineer of the Model S, may give the Tesla a run for its money. As it stands, only the Porsche Taycan can perform like the Model S, and the German can't compete with the Tesla's range." -- Motor Trend (2021) Find the Best Car for You Search for a Car Already know what you are looking for?

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© 1986 - 2022 Tesla model s, Inc. dba Chrome DataFind a Used Tesla Model S Near You TrueCar has 1,091 used Tesla Model S models for sale nationwide, including a Tesla Model S 75D and a Tesla Model S P85D AWD. Prices for a used Tesla Model S currently range from $18,900 to $180,900with vehicle mileage ranging from 21 to 172,242.

Find used Tesla Model S inventory at a TrueCar Certified Dealership near you by entering your zip code and seeing the best matches in your area. If you wish to buy your used Tesla Model S online, TrueCar has 69 models available to buy from home, allowing you to purchase your Tesla Model S remotely and have it delivered directly to your residence in the continental United States.

Vehicle Price From Excellent Tesla model s Accident Free Total Available 2022 Tesla Model S $99,990 2 listings 37 listings 37 listings 2021 Tesla Model S $86,900 2 listings 122 listings 124 listings 2020 Tesla Model S $74,888 1 listing 34 listings 45 listings 2019 Tesla Model S $61,000 12 listings 49 listings 56 listings 2018 Tesla Model S $52,900 24 listings 289 listings 328 listings 2017 Tesla Model S $45,940 15 listings 72 listings 86 listings 2016 Tesla Model S $39,950 25 listings 104 listings 125 listings 2015 Tesla Model S $34,995 14 listings 106 listings 128 listings 2014 Tesla Model S $32,999 6 listings 79 listings 99 listings 2013 Tesla Model S $29,698 6 listings 58 listings 70 listings The top used Tesla Model S trims based on nationwide inventory are the Tesla Model S 75D with 253 listings, the Tesla Model S P100D with 98 listings, and the Tesla Model S Plaid with 98 listings.

The average price for the Tesla Model S 75D is $62,960, with the Tesla Model S P100D and Tesla Model S Plaid averaging $80,638 and $138,314 respectively. For questions about the TrueCar Auto Buying Service please call 1-888-878-3227. Certified Dealers are contractually obligated by TrueCar to meet certain customer service requirements and complete the TrueCar Dealer Certification Program. TrueCar does not broker, sell, or lease motor vehicles. Unless otherwise noted, all vehicles shown on this website are offered for sale by licensed motor vehicle dealers.

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The Tesla Model S is the car that kickstarted the EV revolution we're living through right now. For a while, the Model S didn't have any true rivals because automakers were playing catchup in the electric vehicle market, but now the competition has finally arrived. The Porsche Taycan, Mercedes EQS and Lucid Air want a piece of the market the Model S has owned for the thick end of the decade.

Tesla recently gave the Model S a thorough refresh inside and out, with a massaged look, a new infotainment screen and the much-talked-about steering yoke. Tesla originally claimed that it would make a Plaid+ version with a 520-mile range as well as 1,100 horsepower but has since walked that back.

tesla model s

Plaid is as quick as the Model S is going to get for now, but as our testing has shown, it's plenty more than enough. There are some drawbacks here. Despite constant improvements over the years, the Model S' interior isn't quite as refined as those in similarly priced rivals. Style might also be a turnoff — the Model S' design is now a decade old and doesn't really stand out anymore.

tesla model s

Effectively, the competition is well on its way to catching what was once the undisputed king of the EV world. So does the Model S still stack up in 2022? Take a look at our Expert Rating to find out.

Our Verdict The Edmunds Vehicle Testing Team evaluates a fresh batch of vehicles every week, pairing objective assessments at our test track with real-world driving on city streets, freeways and winding roads. The data we gather results in our Expert Ratings. They’re based on 30-plus scores that cover every aspect of the automotive experience.

The Tesla Model S Plaid is the Usain Bolt of the car world. Line it up at a drag strip and it'll outsprint pretty much anything on the road today. The Model S' hatchback practicality and access to Tesla's Supercharger network are big pluses too. Unfortunately, the Model S also has some big drawbacks, such as a frustrating interface (the steering yoke, specifically) and disappointing fit and finish. How does the Model S drive?

The thrust and speed delivered by this tri-motor-powered sedan is nothing short of mind-bending. In Edmunds' testing, the Model S Plaid rocketed from 0 to 60 mph in just 2.3 seconds and passed the quarter-mile mark in 9.4 seconds at 150.8 mph. This is the quickest vehicle Edmunds has ever tested by a good margin, surpassing the prior Model S Performance (2.9 seconds and 11.1 seconds, respectively) or sport coupes such as the Lamborghini Huracan Evo (2.8 and 10.8 seconds, respectively).

The Model S is also as easy to drive as a golf cart, albeit a 1,020-horsepower one. You might know that Tesla claims 0-60 mph happens in just 1.99 seconds. The difference between our as-tested result and Tesla's likely comes down to the testing surface and number crunching.

We do our acceleration tests on regular pavement, not a prepared drag strip. We also publish acceleration without using the drag-racing 1-foot rollout.

Applying that calculation would drop our tested 0-60 mph time down to 2.1 seconds. We're less impressed with the Plaid's ability to stop and turn. While the powertrain will mostly retain its capability to catapult you to irresponsible speeds run after run, the brakes on our test car began to fade after slowing down from a few acceleration blasts.

We ended up having to spend some significant time cooling down the brakes to ensure that they still worked. So from a safety standpoint, we lack some confidence in the Plaid's stopping hardware.

Even more disappointing is the Plaid's steering, which always feels too light and lacks a connection to the road. It's exacerbated by the awkward steering yoke that doesn't seem to serve any ergonomic function. The Plaid's tri-motor setup supposedly provides some sort of rear-axle torque vectoring, but the handling feels more muscle car and than sports car. It's not something that feels natural despite the loads of road grip provided by the sticky summer tires.

How comfortable is the Model S? The Model S Plaid's world-beating speed doesn't come at the expense of everyday comfort. This is a car you wouldn't hesitate to take on a road trip, run errands or commute in. Ride comfort is commendable with the standard adaptive air suspension, even with the larger optional 21-inch wheels and their less cushy tire sidewalls.

The climate control is tri-zone and works relatively well. The seat ventilation and heaters work well too. But the seats themselves are nothing special. The cushions are decently soft but lack lateral support considering the Plaid's performance potential, and the adjustments are pretty basic. The rear seatbacks feel a bit upright and the floor sits high so your knees sit closer to your chest than they would in most other luxury sedans. The absence of a gasoline powertrain means a lot less noise entering the cabin, but there is some that comes from the electric motors, and some to a lesser degree from the road and the wind.

How’s the interior? This is one of the few areas where Tesla has taken a step back with the new Model S. The controversial steering yoke is the largest pain point here, and the decision to remove the traditional column stalks and replace them with touch-sensitive buttons has made simple everyday actions much more distracting.

Even changing lanes requires you to take your eyes off the road momentarily to press the correct arrow button. The big 17-inch touchscreen is a little easier to navigate than the previous Model S touchscreen, but learning the menu structure will take a bit of time. Interior space is decent as far as midsize sedans go, as is the ease of getting in and out. Notably, there is far more space here than in the Model S' closest EV competitor, the Porsche Taycan. The all-glass roof provides lots of headroom.

But backseat toe room is a bit tight under the front seats. The floor height is also awkwardly high when you're sitting in back.

The Model S is easy to see out of, especially out the front. The Model S' fastback hatch makes for a slightly tesla model s window view out of the back, but not so short to cause any real obstruction. How’s the tech? Having Google Maps built-in continues to be one of the better navigation experiences, but it's not without issues.

In areas of spotty service, you'll either have a slow-refreshing map or no map at all. But having the power tesla model s Google search in the car is a huge convenience, not to mention it looks great on a 17-inch touchscreen.

The Plaid's 22-speaker sound system is also quite awesome and can push out loud-yet-rich sound through the cabin. Though Apple CarPlay and Android Auto smartphone integration has become pervasive in the industry, Tesla still doesn't offer either system. The Bluetooth system offers just one phone connection at a time, while on some other cars you can connect additional devices.

Tesla model s least there are ample options for keeping your devices charged up with four wireless chargers, four USB-C ports and one USB-A port. As far as driving aids go, no advanced driving aid system is better known than Tesla's Autopilot.

It works great in slow-moving and stop-and-go traffic, but it seems to be more easily spooked or confused on roads that aren't clearly marked or are lined with parked cars on the shoulder. Tesla has a tendency to release new features in beta phase too, making you the guinea pig. This underdeveloped approach feels half-baked. How’s the storage? The Tesla Model S is actually a hatchback, and that means there's lots of rear cargo space, plus a bonus front trunk that's easy to access and take advantage of.

It features far more cargo space than many rivals, EV or not. The split rear seats fold flat, opening up the space even more. Storage up front is much improved compared to prior years of the Model S. There's a variety of sliding and retracting compartments that better help to organize all your stuff up front. The cupholders still lack an anti-tip design and don't hold drinks all that well, but there are also now door pockets, which means not everything has to go in the center console storage space.

Getting a car seat in and out is relatively easy. The doors open wide, though the anchors seem to be buried a little deeper than usual.

The lack of headroom might be a bit of an issue when installing a seat. How are the range and efficiency? The 2021 Model S Plaid we tested was equipped with the optional 21-inch wheels, giving it an EPA-estimated range of 348 miles and a consumption rate of 33 kWh/100 miles. In Edmunds' real-world range testing, we came up just a tiny bit short of the EPA estimates, managing 345 miles on a single max battery charge with a slightly more efficient consumption rate of 32.1 kWh/100 miles.

That's more range than just about every EVs we've tested except the Model 3 Long Range. The electricity consumption is also impressive given the car's power. A Porsche Taycan 4S we tested, for example, checked in with 32.3 kWh/100 miles. Is the Model S a good value? Is the Tesla Model S Plaid a good buy for the money at nearly $140,000? Well, that depends on what you value. If you're looking for a vehicle with incredible speed and nearly unassailable bragging rights, there is nothing better for the money.

However, we found a number of questionable build quality issues, from the driver's door not tesla model s aligned correctly to torn rubber moldings and noticeably crooked interior trim pieces.

If these sorts of things are overlooked during production, it makes us a bit uneasy about how the more important hardware has been assembled. Build quality aside, access to Tesla's vast Supercharger network is one of the best parts of Tesla ownership.

It helps relieve range anxiety and can allow you to take the Model S across the country on most major highways without worry. The basic warranty is four years/50,000 miles, which is about average in this luxury EV segment. The powertrain and battery are covered for eight years/120,000 miles. Putting aside personal biases of those of us who prefer cars that are fun to drive around corners, the sheer power, speed and the ease of its accessibility make the Model S Plaid incredibly entertaining.

It also has a strong sleeper vibe; there's no giant rear wing or other obvious styling element to indicate that you're driving a 1,020-horsepower sedan. We heartily respect understatement. Oh, did we mention that we drag raced this car against two of the fastest production motorcycles in existence? Yeah, we did that. And the Model S won.

Handily. Which Model S does Edmunds recommend? Picking a Model S is pretty easy because of the simplified model lineup. The standard Model S should cover the needs of most buyers, and the Model S Plaid is best intended for only the most insatiable of adrenaline junkies who want face-melting performance.

Tesla's Full Self-Driving Capability is an available option, but just know that a lot of its automated driving features aren't enabled yet, and there's no guarantee on when that will actually happen. The 2022 Tesla Model S is a five-passenger electric luxury sedan currently available in two trims: Model S and Plaid. Previously, Tesla offered a Performance trim but phased it out in favor of the new Plaid trim.

Here's what the Model S comes with, but be aware that Tesla updates the Model S on an ongoing basis rather than by model year, so additional changes may occur throughout 2022.

Model S Standard features include: • EPA-estimated 405 miles of EV range • Touted 0-60 mph acceleration of 3.1 seconds • Dual electric motors produce 670 horsepower combined • 19-inch wheels • All-wheel drive • Adaptive air suspension • LED headlights and foglights • Tinted glass roof • Power liftgate • Tri-zone automatic climate control • Heated front- and second-row seats • Ventilated front seats • Satellite radio • 22-speaker sound system • Power-adjustable, heated steering wheel • 17-inch touchscreen infotainment system with navigation system • Driver information display • Rear-seat entertainment display with gaming computer • Wireless smartphone charging pads in the front and rear • Wi-Fi hotspot Every Model S also comes with a suite of safety systems that Tesla calls Autopilot.

It includes: • Front and rear parking sensors (alert you to obstacles that may not be visible in front of or behind the vehicle when parking) • Blind-spot monitor (alerts you if a vehicle in the next lane over is in your blind spot) • Lane departure warning (alerts you tesla model s the vehicle begins to drift out of its lane) • Lane keeping system (makes minor steering corrections to help keep the vehicle centered in its lane) • Adaptive cruise control (maintains a driver-set distance between the Tesla and the car in front) • Forward collision mitigation (warns you of an impending collision and applies the brakes in certain scenarios) Plaid Tesla's top trim level, the Plaid gets maximum performance via an upgraded battery system and an additional motor but otherwise has the same features as the base model.

Total output stands at 1,020 horsepower. Edmunds' testing shows the Plaid can sprint from zero to 60 mph in just 2.3 seconds, while the EPA says it can provide up to 396 miles of range on a full charge and when equipped with the car's 19-inch wheels.

Going with the 21-inch wheels drops that estimate to 348 miles. We've put this latter Model S Plaid through our real-world EV range test; it made it 345 miles, which is among the longest distances we've observed. Tesla's so-called Full Self-Driving Capability option is available on the Model S. It adds nifty semi-automated driving features, including automated parking and the ability to change lanes simply by flicking the turn signal.

It also adds the Summon feature, which Tesla says enables the vehicle to drive unmanned to its owner in a parking lot. Tesla also says the Full Self-Driving Capability feature will gain additional automated driving capabilities in the future via over-the-air updates. RYAN ZUMMALLEN: If you haven't been paying close attention to EVs in a while, well, hold on to your butts.

Tesla model s, we'll highlight 10 that have received the highest scores in our exhaustive testing. These 10 EVs are broken up into three categories, sedans, SUVs, and trucks.

Before we get going, make sure you subscribe to our channel and hit that Like button. And, if you're trying to sell your car, go to edmunds.com/sellmycar to get a cash offer right now. The Edmunds test team puts each vehicle through an intense evaluation, logging each car's performance, spaciousness, efficiency, and more. Then we score them in dozens of categories, add up all the points and ta-da, a top 10 ranking as of the making of this video.

With that in mind, let's dive right in and see what we've got. Up first is the Tesla Model 3. The compact sedan with the big range and giant reputation. Basically, the Model 3 is a technological marvel. It has all the best parts of Tesla engineering wrapped in a small approachable package. Even better, you can use the supercharging network to juice up. And maybe best of all, you get periodic updates over the air just like a smartphone. Now you have more driving modes, games you can play or streaming platforms you can watch on the main screen today than you did yesterday.

That also means you get the drawbacks of the Tesla experience. (SINGING) You must worship at the altar of the touchscreen. It's the only way to control nearly all functions. And there's no Apple CarPlay or Android Auto. Those are the apps that easily link your phone to your tesla model s, phone calls and music that we really enjoy in other brands.

It also means interior quality issues and EPA range estimates that we've never been able to fully match on our real world Edmunds EV range test.

So it should say a lot about our opinion of the Model 3 that, despite those issues, it's still our Edmunds top rated EV for 2022. Let's get luxurious for a second, shall we? (IN HAUGHTY ACCENT) Yes, well, now we've come to the Mercedes EQS, a stately new sedan powered by electric propulsion for trips to the theater. Enough of that. The EQS is like an electric S-Class. And we know this because their length and wheelbases are almost identical. Like you'd expect from Mercedes, tesla model s EQS is ultra comfortable and very smooth on the road.

Not quite as smooth but very close. What we really liked, the EQS is rated for 350 miles of range. But in our Edmunds EV range test, it easily exceeded 400 miles. That's under-promising and over-delivering on an astonishing level, folks. What happens when legacy luxury automakers get into the EV game? Impressive over-engineering that stretches our idea of what an EV can do.

The Taycan is an exceptionally comfortable Cruiser and it outperforms its own estimated electric range, based on our testing. This is the electric performance car to get at the moment for its quick acceleration, but also attention to responsive handling tesla model s braking.

As for downsides, the standard Taycan doesn't have much trunk space and it's low to the ground like a sports car, which isn't always easy to get in and out. Finally, this is a big one for lots of EV drivers, there is no one pedal driving down to a stop.

But the Taycan is still a droolworthy EV, and we'll take as many of those as we can get. The Tesla Model S opened the door for lots of cars on this list. The Model S has not only kept pace with the new rivals sprouting up around it, but it's actually still leading the pack in many regards. For instance, Tesla claims an estimated 405 miles of range on the Model S long range. When it comes to estimates, handily beats everything on this list. It's just the EQS we tested went up to 422 miles.

Then there's speed. Tesla replaced its popular Model S performance with the Model S Plaid. Maybe you heard of it? We did a video on it. It received some attention because it's mind-blowingly fast. SPEAKER 1: Oh my god. RYAN ZUMMALLEN: Uses a goofy steering wheel? You didn't hear about this? Anyway. Our observed 0 to 60 mile per hour acceleration was 2.3 seconds, which is straight up bonkers, and the fastest vehicle Edmunds has ever tested.

There's been controversy swirling around the Model S since its debut but, at the end of the day, it's an impressive machine indeed. SPEAKER tesla model s Whew. RYAN ZUMMALLEN: Next up is the Kia Niro EV. We think the Niro EV is an excellent choice for shoppers because it hits specific target areas we know they're interested in, comfort, spaciousness, range, and, above all else, value. If electric vehicles are really going to take hold, they need to make financial sense to people.

And the Niro does that, with an attractive starting price around $40,000, and lots of standard features. It's the Kia of EVs, which is not a bad thing at all.

Electric Porsches and Benzes are fun, but it's the electric Kias and other affordable options that will really make EVs here to stay.

If you want to try an EV but also want to stay anonymous, I've got the one for you, the Volkswagen ID.4. It's got a pretty nondescript shape and tesla model s styling.

The ID.4 is actually pretty interesting under the surface. Wireless connectivity for Apple CarPlay and Android Auto are standard. And the advanced driving aids are very well tuned. You can even option up to massaging seats.

It also has an attractive price for an electric crossover at around 40k which, remember, is the same as the Kia Niro. That helps make it a near-perfect EV for families. Functional, spacious, and comfortable, it's clear that Volkswagen prioritized practicality. Total EPA estimated range can go as high as 260 miles. And we found that the ID.4 will far surpass that number if you need it to.

Volkswagen appears to have made the 21st century people's car. Personally, I'm not all that interested in the debate about whether the Ford Mustang Mach-E should really be called a Mustang or not. The name just isn't that precious to me, unless we're talking about the Mach-E GT which, if you saw my video on it, only provides 5 seconds of full power and is a disgrace to nearly 60 years of Mustang pedigree.

True, the GT is a lot of fun to drive, but it also starts around $60k. The standard Mach-E, however, starts under $45,000 before federal tax credits.

And it's a really nice blend of performance, comfort, and style. There's also a large touchscreen with wireless Apple CarPlay and Android Auto. Plus, estimated range up to 300 miles. And the Mach-E has exceeded its ratings in our testing so far. Here's the big takeaway from our hands-on evaluation, the Mach-E is buttoned up and detail-oriented with not a lot of weak spots. We're back with more Tesla. The Tesla Model Y is a crossover SUV and, with it, you get all of Tesla's most promising attributes, giant screen, supercharger stations, autopilot driver assist features, roomy seating and cargo space, and lots of range, just to name a few.

We've sampled all this and more because we own a long term Model Y Performance, but the Model Y we recommend specifically tesla model s not the Performance but the Long Range. In our eyes, this is a better buy for most folks because you get more range and more comfort at a lower price.

To a lot of people, the Model Y is a no-brainer, and we're fans too. We're just not sold on the interior quality, the fealty to the touchscreen, or the fact that no Tesla has ever met or exceeded its estimated range in our testing. You'll be able to tell when EV demand is really serious when automakers start to bring out super niche variants to fill all the little cracks and crevices of the automotive market like, for instance, if there were to be a high performance luxury station wagon with air suspension.

Wait, there is one. The Porsche Taycan Cross Turismo, our 2022 Edmunds top rated luxury EV. So maybe SUV is stretching the definition a teensy bit here, but with the Cross Turismo's added utility and available off-road package over the standard Taycan, it certainly deserves some recognition for its capability. Now, it can tesla model s pricey. There's also no one pedal driving, and the Cross Turismo doesn't go as far as the regular Tayan on a single charge.

But the starting price, around $95,000, is about that of a Tesla Model S. With pricing out the window, there's no question which one we'd take, the long boy. So far, we've seen a lot of amazing tech, and engineering, and luxury.

But you know what we haven't seen yet? A bed. That ends now with the Rivian R1T. Our pick for the 2022 Edmunds top rated Editor's Choice Award, the first fully electric pickup truck to hit the streets. The R1T has loads of power, a comfortable and spacious interior, and smooth consistent braking. You can even one pedal drive it down to a stop due to strong regenerative brakes.

You get more payload than a midsize truck and comparable towing to full size trucks. Then there's the clever storage tunnel which is just [CLAPPING] bravo. The R1T is expensive at around $70,000, and not all that efficient. It has an estimated range of 314 miles and, while our testing backed that up, the R1T used a lot of energy to do it.

But there is currently nothing like this on the market, at least not until the Ford Lightning shows up and the Tesla Cybertruck shows up in-- [CRICKETS]. The R1T is versatile and it opens the door to a future with trucks that emit nothing.

Now, wouldn't that be something? No matter what kind of electric vehicle you're on the hunt for, you can probably find at least one on this list that fits your needs. And sit tight because, in just the next few weeks, we'll have a closer look at the Hyundai Ioniq 5, the Lucid Air luxury EV, and many more, as we only expect EVs to come in more sizes and styles and options.

Thanks so much for watching. Don't forget to hit Like, if you like the video, and leave a comment to let us know which of these EVs is your pick. Finally, for all your car shopping needs, remember to visit edmunds.com. Best Electric Cars Right Now - Ranking the Tesla Model Y, Porsche Taycan, Rivian R1T — More Electric cars, or EVs, are all the rage these days.

And with more and more automakers debuting new electric cars seemingly each week, it's safe to say that the electric revolution is beginning. But which EV is best? In this video, Ryan ZumMallen from Edmunds runs down our list of the very best electric vehicles and what makes each one great.

From electric SUVs, like the VW ID.4 and the Ford Mustang Mach E to electric sedans like Mercedes EQS to the Rivian R1T electric truck. There's also a few Tesla models throughout this list. This is our video for the Best Electric Cars Right Now. Read more Read less Edmunds Tested Range Edmunds begins with a full battery charge and drives the vehicle on a mix of city and highway roads (approximately 60% city, 40% highway) until the battery is almost entirely empty.

(We target 10 miles of remaining range for safety.) The miles traveled and the indicated remaining range are added together for the Edmunds Tested Range figure.

Total MSRP $96,190 EPA Battery & Range EPA KWh/100 mi. This value tells you how much energy in kilowatt-hours a vehicle would use to travel 100 miles. Unlike mpg, however, where a larger number is better (for example, a vehicle that gets 30 mpg is better than one that gets 20 mpg), a smaller number is better in kWh/100 miles because you are using less battery energy per mile.: 28 Time To Charge Battery (At 240V) This can be tough to pin down, but we assume for simplicity that the 240V power source will enable the vehicle's onboard charger to operate at full capacity, and that the battery is fully depleted and will be recharged to 100%.

Given those assumptions, the value provided is simply the battery's capacity divided by the onboard charger's power rating. For example, a battery rated at 100 kWh will need 12.5 hours to recharge fully using an 8.0-kW charger.: 15.0 hr.

EPA Electricity Range This value is the estimated number of miles that a vehicle can travel in combined city and highway driving (using a mix of 55% highway and 45% city driving) before needing to be recharged, according to the EPA's testing methodology.: 405 mi.

EPA Combined MPGe A combined total of 45% city MPGe + 55% highway MPGe: 120 MPGe Seating 5 seats Drivetrain Type: all wheel drive Transmission: 1-speed direct drive Basic Warranty 4 yr./ 50000 mi. Dimensions Length: 197.7 in. / Tesla model s 56.3 in. Overall Width with Mirrors: 86.2 in. Overall Width without Mirrors: 78.2 in.

Curb Weight: 4561 lbs. Cargo Capacity, All Seats In Place: 28.1 cu.ft. Safety Our experts’ favorite Model S safety features: Autopilot Uses four cameras and a dozen sensors to monitor and improve safety and provide semi-automated operation in various driving situations. Automatic Emergency Braking Determines if a front collision is imminent and tesla model s initiate braking to prevent or mitigate a crash if you take no action.

Lane Departure Warning Warns you tesla model s an unintended lane change or drifting from the lane. Optional automated steering can steer the car back into the lane. NHTSA Overall Rating The National Highway Transportation Safety Administration offers independent analysis. Frontal Barrier Crash Rating Rating Overall Not Rated Driver Not Rated Passenger Not Rated Side Crash Rating Rating Overall Not Rated Side Barrier Rating Rating Overall Not Rated Driver Not Rated Passenger Not Rated Combined Side Barrier & Pole Ratings Rating Front Seat Not Rated Back Seat Not Rated Rollover Rating Rollover 5 / 5 Dynamic Test Result No Tip Risk Of Rollover 5.7% The Porsche Taycan is Porsche's first EV, and it is aimed squarely at the Model S.

Both sedans are fast and luxurious, but the Taycan is literally the Porsche of EVs. It's fantastic to drive and better built than the Tesla. The Model S wins out on EPA-estimated range, but according to our test data, the real-world range difference between the two isn't as significant. Compare Tesla Model S & Porsche Taycan features Tesla model s Model S vs.

Tesla Model 3 In a way, the Model S' biggest competitor is actually its little sibling. Both cars offer the Tesla experience, and the Model 3 Long Range has 358 miles of EPA-estimated range. The Model 3 is also significantly cheaper and should serve the needs of most buyers as well as the Model S would. The only exception would be if you really need to go Plaid. The only exception would be if you really need to go Plaid.

Read Edmunds' long-term road test of the Model 3. Compare Tesla Model S & Tesla Model 3 features Tesla Model Tesla model s vs. Polestar 2 The Polestar 2 offers compact SUV-like practicality, low-slung sedan-like looks and a touch of Swedish luxury. If sustainability is important to you, the Polestar has you covered, as much of its interior is made from recycled and renewable materials.

Where the Polestar falls down is when it comes to range. It offers a maximum of 270 miles from a single charge, way less than the Tesla, but it is much less expensive than any Model S. Compare Tesla Model S & Polestar 2 features If you don't take into account the low-production and short-lived Roadster, the Model S is Tesla's longest-running model as well as the automaker's flagship vehicle. It shattered the mold of what an EV could be, and it continues to be the preeminent luxury EV sedan on sale today.

For 2021, Tesla gave the Model S a thorough refresh inside and out, so we're not expecting much to change on that front. Tesla originally claimed that it would make a Plaid+ version with a 520-mile range as well as 1,100 horsepower but has since walked that back. Apparently, the regular Plaid version is all you need. The Edmunds experts tested the tesla model s Model S both on the road and at the track, giving it a 8.1 out of 10.

What about cargo capacity? When you're thinking about carrying stuff in your new car, keep in mind that the Model S has 28.1 cubic feet of trunk space. And then there's safety and reliability.

Edmunds has all the latest NHTSA and IIHS crash-test scores, plus industry-leading expert and consumer reviews to help you understand what it's like to own and maintain a Tesla Model S. Learn more What's new in the 2022 Tesla Model S? To determine whether the Tesla Model S is reliable, read Edmunds' authentic consumer reviews, which come from real owners and reveal what it's like to live with the Model S. Look for specific complaints that keep popping up in the reviews, and be sure to compare the Model S's average consumer rating to that of competing vehicles.

Learn more Is the 2022 Tesla Model S a good car? There's a lot to consider if you're wondering whether the 2022 Tesla Model S is a good car. Edmunds' expert testing team reviewed the 2022 Model S and gave it a 8.1 out of 10. Safety scores, fuel economy, cargo capacity and feature availability should all be factors in determining whether the 2022 Model S is a good car for you. Learn more How much should I pay for a 2022 Tesla Model S?

The least-expensive 2022 Tesla Model S is the 2022 Tesla Model S 4dr Sedan AWD (electric DD). Including destination charge, tesla model s arrives with a Manufacturer's Suggested Retail Price (MSRP) of about $94,990. Other versions include: • 4dr Sedan AWD (electric DD) which starts at $94,990 • Plaid 4dr Sedan AWD (electric DD) which starts at $129,990 Learn more What are the different models of Tesla Model S?

More about the 2022 Tesla Model S 2022 Tesla Model S Overview The 2022 Tesla Model S is offered in the following submodels: Model S Sedan. Available styles include 4dr Sedan AWD (electric DD), and Plaid 4dr Sedan AWD (electric DD).

The 2022 Tesla Model S comes with all wheel drive. Available transmissions include: 1-speed direct drive. What do people think of the 2022 Tesla Model S? Consumer ratings and reviews are also available for the 2022 Tesla Model S and all its trim types. Edmunds consumer reviews allow users to sift through aggregated consumer reviews to understand what other drivers are saying about any vehicle in our database.

Detailed rating breakdowns (including performance, comfort, value, interior, exterior design, build quality, and reliability) are available as well to provide shoppers with a comprehensive understanding of why customers like the 2022 Model S. Pros • Electric range is impressive • Wicked quick acceleration across the board • Liftback design affords abundant cargo space • Access to Tesla's extensive Supercharger network Cons • Lack of a traditional steering wheel and turn stalks hampers usability • Interior isn't as refined as cabins in similarly priced sedans • No Apple CarPlay or Android Auto smartphone integration • Limited array of paint colors or other ways to customize from the factory Edmunds Expert Reviews Edmunds experts have compiled a robust series of ratings and reviews for the 2022 Tesla Model S and all model years in our database.

Our rich content includes expert reviews and recommendations for the 2022 Model S featuring deep dives into trim levels and features, performance, mpg, safety, interior, and driving. Edmunds also offers expert ratings, road test and performance data, long-term road tests, first-drive reviews, video reviews and more. Our Review Process This review was written by a member of Edmunds' editorial team of expert car reviewers.

Our team drives every car you can buy. We put the vehicles through rigorous testing, evaluating how they drive and comparing them in detail to their competitors.

We're also regular people like you, so we pay attention to all the different ways people use their cars every day. We want to know if there's enough room for our families and our weekend gear and whether or not our favorite drink fits in the cupholder. Our editors want to help you make the best decision on a car that fits your life. What's a good price for a New 2022 Tesla Model S? 2022 Tesla Model S 4dr Sedan AWD (electric DD) 2022 Tesla Model S Plaid 4dr Sedan AWD (electric DD) Which 2022 Tesla Model SS are available in my area?

Shop Edmunds' car, SUV, and truck listings of over 6 million vehicles to find a cheap new, used, or certified pre-owned (CPO) 2022 Tesla Model S for sale near. Simply research the type of car you're interested in and then select a car from our massive database to find cheap vehicles for sale near you. Once you have identified a used vehicle you're interested in, check the AutoCheck vehicle history reports, read dealer reviews, and find out what other owners paid for the 2022 Tesla Model S.

Can't find a new 2022 Tesla Model Ss you want in your area? Consider a broader search. Find a new Tesla for sale. Why trust Edmunds? Edmunds has deep data on over 6 million new, used, and certified tesla model s vehicles, including rich, trim-level features and specs information like: MSRP, average price paid, warranty information (basic, drivetrain, and maintenance), features (upholstery, bluetooth, navigation, heated seating, cooled seating, cruise control, parking assistance, keyless ignition, satellite radio, folding rears seats ,run flat tires, wheel type, tire size, wheel tire, sunroof, etc.), vehicle specifications (engine cylinder count, drivetrain, engine power, engine torque, engine displacement, transmission), fuel economy (city, tesla model s, combined, fuel capacity, range), vehicle dimensions (length, width, seating capacity, cargo space), car safety, true cost to own.

Edmunds also provides tools to allow shopper to compare vehicles to similar models of their choosing by warranty, interior features, exterior features, specifications, fuel economy, vehicle dimensions, consumer rating, edmunds rating, and color. What is the MPG of a 2022 Tesla Model S? 2022 Tesla Model S 4dr Sedan AWD (electric DD), 1-speed direct drive, electric 124 city MPG/115 highway MPG 2022 Tesla Model S Plaid 4dr Sedan AWD (electric DD), 1-speed direct drive, electric 119 city MPG/112 highway MPG Wheelbase 116.5 in.

Length 197.7 in. Width N/A Height 56.3 in. Curb Weight 4561 lbs. Should I lease or buy a 2022 Tesla Model S? Is it better to lease or buy a car?

Ask most people and they'll probably tell you that car buying is the way to go. And from a financial perspective, it's true, provided you're willing to make higher monthly payments, pay off the loan in full and keep the car for a few years. Leasing, on the other hand, can be a less expensive option on a month-to-month basis. It's also good if you're someone who likes to drive a new car every three years or so. Check out Tesla lease specials Shop used vehicles in your area • Used Mitsubishi Eclipse 1999 • Used Nissan Murano 2004 • Used Cadillac STS 2006 For Sale • Used Nissan Z 2012 • Used Land Rover Discovery Sport • Used Porsche 911 2013 For Sale • Used Acura TSX 2012 • Used Chevrolet Suburban 2014 • Used Mercedes-Benz GLS-Class 2007 • Used Toyota Camry Solara 2002 Popular new car reviews and ratings • 2022 Encore • 2022 Honda Passport tesla model s 2023 Honda Passport News • 2022 Alfa Romeo Giulia • 2021 6 • BMW X6 2022 • Audi A3 2022 • 2022 Rio • 2022 Insight • 2022 Ford F-250 Super Duty Vehicle rankings by type • Best SUVs • Best Electric Cars • Best Hybrids • Best Sedans • Best Crossovers • Best Trucks • Best Hatchbacks • Best Minivans Other models to consider • 2022 Tesla Model 3 • 2022 Model Y • 2022 Tesla Model X • Tesla Model X 2021 • Tesla Model Y 2021 • Tesla Model 3 2021 • Tesla Model S 2021 • 2021 Model Y • 2022 Tesla Model 3 • 2021 Model 3 Research Similar Vehicles • 2022 Mercedes-Benz AMG GT • 2022 Corolla • 2022 Chevrolet Malibu • Kia Forte 2022 • 2022 INFINITI Q50 • 2022 Cadillac CT5 • 2022 BMW 7 Series • 2022 Versa • 2022 Nissan Sentra • Alfa Romeo Giulia 2021 Hot new vehicles • 2021 Kia Telluride • 2022 Ford Bronco • 2021 Mustang Mach-E • 2021 Karma GS-6 • 2023 Vinfast VF-9 More photos • 2022 Tesla Model S Pictures Automotive News • Toyota News Articles, Reviews, and Insights • Lincoln News Articles, Reviews, and Insights • Truck News Articles, Reviews, and Insights • Acura News Articles, Reviews, and Insights • Chrysler News Articles, Reviews, and Insights • EV News Articles, Reviews, and Insights • Tesla News Articles, Reviews, and Insights • Lexus News Articles, Reviews, and Insights • Subaru News Articles, Reviews, and Insights • Nissan News Articles, Reviews, and Insights Tesla model s • Used Honda Element Los Banos Ca • Audi TT 2012 Pictures Interior • Used 2014 Lincoln Navigator Frisco TX • Chevrolet Colorado 2004 Features Tesla model s • Jaguar XJ 1992 Sedan Features Specs Other models • Used Mini Cooper-Paceman in Everett, WA • Used Honda Crosstour in Fitchburg, MA • Used Chevrolet Black-Diamond-Avalanche in New Egypt, NJ • Used Jeep Liberty in Downers Grove, IL • Used Honda HR-V in Alexander City, AL • Used Volkswagen Golf-R in Delaware, OH • Used Kia Spectra in Willowbrook, IL • Used Ford C-Max-Energi in Dawsonville, GA • Used Chevrolet Blazer in Anniston, AL • Used Nissan Leaf in Pacifica, CA • Used Saab 9-3 in Harleysville, PA • Used Chevrolet Corvette-Stingray in Moncks Corner, SC • Used Mazda Tribute in Hyattsville, MD • Used Hyundai Kona in East Peoria, IL • Used Saturn Sky in Lincoln Park, MI • Used Jaguar XK in Falls Church, VA • Used Toyota Yaris-Hatchback in Danvers, MA • Used Ferrari 812-Superfast in Lockport, IL • Used Audi TTS in Lynbrook, NY • Used Infiniti QX30 in Elizabethtown, PA • Used Mitsubishi Mirage-G4 in Endicott, NY • Used Nissan Nv-Cargo in Owatonna, MN • Used Ram Dakota in Smyrna, GA • Used Lamborghini Huracan in Edmonds, WA • Used Infiniti QX30 in Algonquin, IL • Used Volvo XC60 in Draper, UT • Used Audi RS-7 in Boerne, TX • Used BMW X5-Edrive in Cerritos, CA • Used Hummer H3 in New Baltimore, MI • Used BMW X3-M in Ridgewood, NY

Tesla Model S Plaid review - what will it do 0-60mph?




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