Name a part of the body

name a part of the body



name a part of the body



DR LAENNEC • WHO WAS SHERLOCK HOLMES BOOKS AUTHOR • WHO INVENTED BASKETBALL? • MEDICAL NAMES FOR ALL MAJOR BODY PARTS ​ Doctors use medical names for body parts to be precise. For example, if I say to a medical colleague, "there's a transverse fracture at the right 2nd distal interphalangeal joint" that is a lot more specific than for me to say "yeah she broke her finger doc".

Medical names look awkward and tie your tongue in knots the first time they roll out of your mouth - sorry, buccal cavity - because they come mostly from another language. Latin.

The following is my big list of commonly used body part names and their medical term equivalents. ​ Body Part = Medical Name Head = Cranium Forehead = Frontalis Eyeball = Globe Eye Socket = Orbit Eye Whites = Cornea Eye Color = Iris Eye Hole = Pupil Ears = Pinna Ear Canal = External Meatus Ear Drum = Tympanic Membrane Nose bridge = Nasal bones Nostrils = Nares Cheeks = Malar region Cheek Bone = Zygomatic arch Lips = Labia Tongue name a part of the body Lingulus Mouth = Oral or Buccal Cavity Gums = Gingiva Upper Jaw = Maxilla Lower Jaw = Mandible Chin = Mentis Teeth = Dentition Voice Box = Larynx Adam's Apple = Thyroid Cartilage Pit of Throat = Manubrial Notch Swallow Pipe = Esophagus Collar Bones = Clavicles Shoulder Blade = Scapula Chest Bone = Sternum Ribs = Costal Rib Joints = Costochondral joints Pit of Stomach = Epigastrium Navel = Umbilicus Loins = Flank Bladder Area = Suprapubic Bird, Twat, Puss- Cun- Beaver = Vagina Womb = Uterus Bird, Junk, Weiner, Dic- = Penis Foreskin = Prepuce Balls, Nuts = Testicles Bum, Butt, As- = Glutes or buttocks Neck Spine = Cervical or C-spine Mid Back Spine Thoracic or T-spine Lower Back Spine = Lumbar or L-spine Spine Bones = Vertebrae Tailbone = Coccyx Shoulder = Deltoid Armpit = Axilla Upper Arm Bone = Humerus Elbow = Olecranon Elbow crease = Antecubital fossa Funny Bone = Ulnar Nerve Forearm Outer Bone = Radius Forearm Inner Bone = Ulna Wrist = Metacarpals Hand = Carpals Fingers = Phalanges Hips = Pelvis Upper Leg Muscles = Quadriceps Upper Leg Bone = Femur Knee Cap = Patella Behind Knee = Popliteal fossa Shin Bone = Tibia Ankle = Malleolus Heel = Calcaneus Foot Arch = Metatarsals Toes = Phalanges Great Toe = Hallux Trunk = Torso Breasts = Mammaries Nipple = Areola Brain = Cerebrum Heart = Myocardium Lungs = Pulmonary system Liver = Hepatic system Kidneys = Renal system Digestive Tract = Alimentary Canal Skin = Integumentary System Baldness patch = Alopecia ​ Some body part names are used as impolite "bad" words.

name a part of the body





name a part of the body

DR LAENNEC • WHO WAS SHERLOCK HOLMES BOOKS AUTHOR • WHO INVENTED BASKETBALL? • The human body collectively is the most complex machine known to man, Like any machine, the human body is made of different body parts situated in some particular way with the goal of performing some function.

This list of human body parts includes common anatomical divisions and the body parts that compose those divisions. “The human body is strange and flawed and unpredictable. The human body has many secrets, and it does not divulge them to anyone, except those who have learned to wait.” — Paul Auster The study of the macroscopic morphology and function of the human body is called gross anatomy. In general, the human body can be divided into 3 main anatomical areas: head, torso, and limbs.

In addition to the physical external parts, the human body can also be divided by organ system and the parts that compose those systems.

The main organ systems of the human body are the respiratory system, the vascular system, the skeletal system, and the digestive system. Human Body By Anatomical Region Head The human head consists of a fleshy outer portion covering a bony substructure called the skull.

The primary purpose of the head is to contain and support the brain and primary sensory organs such as the mouth, eyes, ears, and nose. The head is probably one of the more delicate parts of the human body, as the vascular and musculature structures of the head consist of a number of small interconnected parts that need to be situated very particularly to function properly. The parts of the human head include: • Skull • Cranium (holds the brain) • Mandibles (lower jaw) • Maxilla (upper jaw) • Nasal bone • Zygomatic bone (eye sockets) • Face • Eyes • Nose • Ears • Mouth • Tongue • Teeth • Cheeks • Chin • Neck • Trachea • Esophagus • Cervical vertebrae Torso Credit: MedicalGraphics (CC BY-ND 4.0) The torso or “trunk” is the largest section of the human body and composes the bulk of the human body.

The main function of the torso is to provide shape and structure to the human body and to house its vital internal organs such as the heart, lungs, stomach, intestines, liver, and kidneys. The torso also contains the majority of blood vessels that provide oxygen to the name a part of the body body. Name a part of the body parts of the human torso include: • Shoulders • Chest • Pectoralis (upper chest) • Ribcage • Lungs • Heart • Upper Abdomen • Abdominal muscles • Stomach • Kidneys • Liver • Lower Abdomen • Small Intestines • Large Intestines • Colon • Rectum • Posterior • Spine • Gluteus maximus (buttocks) Limbs The next important division of the human boy is its 4 limbs.

The limbs are attached to the torso and their primary purpose is to interact with the environment via locomotion with the legs and manipulating objects with the arms. Humans are unique among tetrapods (organisms with 4 limbs) in that 2 are specialized for locomotion (legs/feet) and 2 are specialized for manipulating objects (arms/hands).

Except for some parts of the face, the limbs, the hands in feet, in particular, contain the most nerve endings are so are specialized to sense touch. The main limbs of the human body are: • Arms • Brachium (upper arm) • Humerus • Biceps • Triceps • Elbow • Forearm • Ulna • Radius • Hand • Carpals • Metacarpals • Legs • Thigh • Quadriceps • Hamstring • Knee • Crus (lower leg) • Shin • Tibia • Fibia • Ankle • Foot • Tarsals • Metatarsals Human Body Parts By Organ System In addition to dividing the human body by anatomical region, one can also categorize the parts of the human body by organ system.

In a nutshell, an organ system is a collective group of organs that work together to perform some specific function. The major organ systems of the human body are the respiratory system, vascular system, skeletal system, and the digestive system. Respiratory System The main function of the respiratory system is to facilitate the intake and removal of gaseous materials from the body. The respiratory system is the main mechanism by which the body replenishes its oxygen supplies and removes waste products from cellular respiration such as carbon dioxide.

The main body parts of the human respiratory system are: • Trachea • Bronchioles • Lungs • Alveoli • Diaphragm Through the coordinated functioning of these parts, the body is able to inhale air, extract oxygen from the air, remove carbon dioxide from the blood and expel gaseous waste. Vascular System The purpose of the vascular system (circulatory system) is to facilitate the transfer of oxygen saturated blood to the various extremities of the body and move de-oxygenated blood from those extremities to the lungs for reoxygenation.

The vascular system also serves to circulate heat to the body. The vascular system is the single largest system in the body by length. If you took every blood vessel in the human body and laid them end to end, the resulting chain would stretch for 60,000 miles.

The main parts of the human vascular system are: • Heart • Blood Vessels • Arteries • Veins • Capillaries • Blood The exact boundaries of the vascular system are somewhat fuzzy, as virtually every other organ system incorporates some aspect of the vascular system in their functioning. The lymph system uses the vascular system to remove pathogens from the body, and the kidneys and liver serve to remove toxins from the blood.

Skeletal System The skeletal system serves primarily to give the body physical structure and support its other parts. Human babies are initially born with 270 separate bones. Over time some of these bones will fuse together putting the grand total of bones in the adult skeletal system name a part of the body 206. The largest bone in the body is the femur (thigh bone) and the smallest bone is the stirrup, one of the 3 ossicles in the human name a part of the body ear.

name a part of the body

Some of the main parts of the skeletal system are: • Skull • Vertebrae (spine) • Scapula (shoulder blades) • Ribs • Humerus • Ulna • Radius • Pelvis • Carpals/Metacarpals (hand bones) • Femur • Patella (kneecap) • Tibia (front of the shin) • Fibia • Tarsals/Metatarsals (foot bones) Digestive System The digestive system serves primarily to process and absorb nutrients from food.

Most of the digestive muscles are contained in the torso and are composed of smooth muscle. Interestingly enough, the process of digestion actually begins before you even put any food in your mouth; it starts with salivary glands producing saliva in response to the sight and smell of food.

The main parts of the human digestive system are: • Mouth • Esophagus • Stomach • Small Intestines • Large Intestine • Rectum There are more organ systems in the body like the nervous system, endocrine system, urinary system, and the integumentary system (skin/nails/hair). Each of these organ systems can be decomposed into parts and all these organ systems work together to produce the proper functioning of the human body.
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Care • Support Center • BYJU'S Answer • BYJU'S Tuition Center • Scholarship Human Body About Human Body If we were to “break apart” the human body at the microscopic level, then the cell would constitute its most basic unit.

The average adult has somewhere between 30 – 40 trillion cells, and an estimated 242 billion new cells are produced every day.

When a select group of cells with similar functions come together, it forms a tissue. Tissues cumulate into organs, group of organs form organ systems and eventually, a complete organism. Cells -> Tissues -> Organs -> Organ Name a part of the body -> Organism • Human Anatomy • Human Physiology • Circulatory System • Digestive System • Reproductive System • Respiratory System • Nervous System • Key Points About the Human Body Human Anatomy Skeleton The human body exhibits a variety of movements from walking and running to crawling, jumping and climbing.

The framework that enables us to do all these activities is the skeleton. Humans have as much as 300 bones at birth. However, the bones start to fuse with age. At adulthood, the total number of bones is reduced to 206. Human Anatomy is the scientific study of form and shapes of human beings The skeleton also protects several vital organs such as the heart, lungs and the liver.

Bones are attached to other bones through ligaments, a fibrous connective tissue. Joints are the points at which two or more bones meet. They enable a range of movements like rotation, abduction, adduction, protraction, retraction and more. Based on flexibility and mobility, joints can be further classified into movable joints and immovable joints. Movable joints are flexible while immovable joints (also called fixed joints) are non-flexible since the bones are fused.

Muscles Muscles are specialised tissues which assist the bones in locomotion. Muscles are attached to the bones through tendons. Movement of limbs happens due to the contraction and relaxation of the corresponding muscles present in that region.

Joints help in the flexibility of bones, but a bone cannot be bent or stretched until a muscle acts on it. In other words, the muscles attached to that bone pulls it to the direction of movement. Furthermore, most movement involves muscles that work as a pair. For example, when we bend our arm, muscles in that region contract, become shorter and stiffer and pull the bones to the direction of movement. For relaxation (stretching), muscles in the opposite direction have to pull the bones towards it.

Also Read: What is Liver List of Human Body Parts • Human body parts comprise a head, neck and four limbs that are connected to a torso. • Giving the body its shape is the skeleton, which is composed of cartilage and bone. • Human body internal parts such as the lungs, heart, and brain, are enclosed within the skeletal system and are housed within the different internal body cavities.

• The spinal cord connects the brain with the rest of the body. Human Body Structure There are different cavities in the human body that house various organ systems. • The cranial cavity is the space within the skull, it protects the brain and other parts of the central nervous system.

• The lungs are protected in the pleural cavity. • The abdominal cavity houses the intestines, liver and spleen. Humans have evolved separately from other animals, but since we share a distant common ancestor, we mostly have a body plan that is similar to other organisms, with just the muscles and bones in different proportions. For example, we might assume giraffes have more vertebrae in its neck than humans. No, despite being incredibly tall, giraffes have the same number of vertebrae, i.e.

they also have seven vertebrae in their neck. One of the most prominent characteristic features is the ability to use name a part of the body hands, especially for tasks that require dexterity, such as writing, opening a bottle of water, opening a doorknob, etc.

This is the result of humans having ancestors that began walking on their hind limbs rather than using all four limbs. Most of name a part of the body anatomical insight was gained through the dissection of corpses (cadavers), and for a long time, it was the only way we could gain anatomical knowledge about the human body.

It was a rather grotesque affair, but it made up the bulk of medical literature for centuries. These days, technological innovation has made it possible to explore human anatomy at a microscopic level. Even to this day, scientists are newly discovering organs that were previously overlooked or have been mistakenly identified as other existing tissues.

In 2018, scientists had discovered a new, body-wide organ called the Interstitium that exists right under the skin. Human Physiology It is referred to the physical, mechanical, and biochemical function of humans. This connects health, medicine, and science in a way that studies how the human body acquaints itself to physical activity, stress, and diseases. The person who is trained to study human physiology is called a physiologist. Claude Bernard is referred to as the father of Physiology for his exemplary research.

Read More: Physiology Human Body Parts and their Functions The list of human body parts vary as the standard definition of an organ is still up for debate. However, there are an estimated 79 organs identified to date.

name a part of the body

We also possess organs that have “lost” their function throughout our evolution. Such organs are called vestigial organs. Some of these organs work together and form systems that are specialised to perform a specific function or a set of functions.

Collectively, these are known as organ systems. And out of these 79 organs, five are crucial for survival, and any damage to these five organs might result in termination of life. These five crucial human body parts are the brain, heart, liver, lungs and kidneys. Read on to explore more about these body parts and their functions in detail: Diagram showing pulmonary ( blue) and systemic circulation ( red) Besides these two, there is a third type of circulation called Coronary circulation.

Because blood is the body’s connective tissue, it helps to transport essential nutrients and minerals to the cells and waste byproducts away from it. Hence, it is also known as the body’s “transport system.” Anatomically, the human heart is similar to other vertebrate hearts in the animal kingdom and hence, is a homologous organ. Also Read: Double Circulation A diagram of the human digestive system detailing various components The digestive system breaks down food and assimilates name a part of the body into the body, which the body then uses for growth and cell repair.

name a part of the body

The major components of the digestive system are: • Mouth • Teeth • Tongue • Oesophagus • Stomach • Liver • Pancreas • Gastrointestinal tract • Small and large intestines • Rectum The process of digestion starts with mastication (chewing food). Then, the saliva mixes with food and forms a bolus, a small rounded mass that can be easily swallowed. Once swallowed, the food travels down the oesophagus and into the stomach.

The stomach secretes strong acids and powerful enzymes that break the food down into a paste. It then moves into the small intestine where the food is broken down even more because of the bile secreted by the liver and powerful, digestive enzymes from the pancreas. This is the stage at which nutrients are absorbed from the food. The leftover materials (stool) then move on to the large intestine where it transforms from liquid to solid, as water is removed.

Finally, it gets pushed into the rectum, ready to be eliminated from the body.

name a part of the body

Explore: The Structure and Function of the Alimentary Canal Reproductive System The human reproductive system is also known as the genital system that comprises internal and external organs that help in reproduction. It varies for both males and females. Hormones, fluids, and pheromones are all connective accessories for the reproductive organs to function. Female Reproductive System The female reproductive system consists of the following: • Ovaries: Produces ovum – female egg as well as the hormone estrogen.

• Uterine tubes: Oviducts or fallopian tubes are the other names given for uterus tubes. Also known as the womb, the uterus is a pear-shaped organ where the fetus grows. The cervix is the route to the vagina and gateway for sperm to enter.

Vagina acts as the route for a penis to enter during intercourse and the exit of the fetus during delivery. Male Reproductive System The male reproductive system consists of testicles, which act as a storehouse for sperms.

These oval-shaped organs, are encased in a pouch that is called scrotum. Next to the testis is the vas deferens that are the accessory ducts for the male sexual system. When sperm is formed, it is mixed with fluids that are produced by seminal glands, prostate gland, and Cowper’s gland.

The primary purpose of Cowper gland is to hike the semen volume name a part of the body lubrication during coitus. More to Explore: Reproductive System Respiratory System The respiratory process involves the intake of oxygen, and the exhale of carbon dioxide from the body. This system is also known as the ventilatory system, gas exchange system or respiratory apparatus. Vertebrates like human beings possess lungs for respiration.

The process of respiration starts with the cycle of inhalation and exhalation. Inhalation results in the oxygen entering into the body and exhalation results in carbon dioxide exiting from the body.

Anatomically, the respiratory system comprises the following organs: • Trachea • Bronchi • Bronchioles • Lungs • Diaphragm A diagram of the human respiratory system highlighting the gas exchange process By diffusion, molecules of carbon dioxide and oxygen are exchanged passively among the blood cells and external environment. This swap is done through alveoli (which are the air sacs) in the lungs.

name a part of the body

More About: Respiratory System Distribution of Nerves in humans (top) and the Neuron (bottom) The central nervous system contains the brain and the spinal cord, while the peripheral nervous system includes nerves and ganglia that are present outside the brain and spinal cord.

Through the axons, every part of the body gets name a part of the body. Central Nervous System consists of: • Forebrain: It comprises the cerebrum, hypothalamus, and thalamus. The largest part of the brain is the cerebrum. Thinking, perceiving, controlling motor function, receiving and processing information and understanding language are the main functions done by this section of the brain.

Also, sexual development and emotion functions are attached to the fore-brain. • Midbrain: It is situated between the hypothalamus and thalamus.

The brain stem is associated with the midbrain. Auditory and visual responses are controlled by the mid-brain. • Hindbrain: The medulla, pons, and cerebellum are together, tied in the hind-brain. Name a part of the body of different parts of the brain’s surface that helps to accommodate neurons and connect them to the spinal column are done by the Hind brain. Peripheral Nervous System consists of: • Somatic nervous system: The system’s primary purpose is to transmit the motor and sensory impulses from CNS and back.

It is linked to all the sensory organs, limbs and skeletal system. Imagine a scenario where you are riding a bicycle, and suddenly, you spot an obstacle (say a dog) on the road. Your ability to immediately swerve out of the obstacle’s path and avoid the crash is the result of the somatic nervous system taking action. • Autonomic Nervous System: This system works without the person’s effort.

The system helps to relay impulse from the central nervous system to smooth muscles and involuntary organs such as your heart, lungs etc. Also, it prepares the body against any violent attacks or abnormal conditions such as high body temperature during a fever or high rate of breathing and blood pressure after a strenuous exercise. Further Reading: Nervous System Key Points About the Human Body Every human being, tissues, human body parts and the organ systems are made up of cells- the fundamental unit of life.

Anatomy is the science of understanding the structure and the parts of living organisms. Physiology, on the other hand, deals with the internal mechanisms and the processes that work towards sustaining life. These can include biochemical and physical interactions between various factors and components in our body.

With the progress of evolution, organisms began to exhibit advanced characteristics and features that enabled them to be more efficient and thrive in their respective environment. The human structure can be described as bipedal, with hair covering the body, presence of mammary glands and a set of extremely well-developed sense organs.

With respect to human body anatomy, we have a specialized circulatory system that enables the efficient transport of materials and nutrients within the body. The presence of a well-developed digestive system helps to extract essential nutrients and minerals required by the body.

A well developed respiratory system ensures the efficient gas exchange and the nervous system enables coordination and interaction within the body and also the external environment, thereby ensuring survival. The different systems of our body include- cardiovascular system, endocrine system, digestive system, respiratory system, excretory system, lymphatic system, nervous system, muscular system, and skeletal system. For more information about human body, human body parts, or any other related topic, please visit BYJU’S Biology.

FREE TEXTBOOK SOLUTIONS • NCERT Solutions • NCERT Exemplar • NCERT Solutions for Class 6 • NCERT Solutions for Class 7 • NCERT Solutions for Class 8 • NCERT Solutions for Class 9 • NCERT Solutions for Class 10 • NCERT Solutions for Class 11 • NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English • NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English • NCERT Solutions for Class 12 • RD Sharma Solutions • RD Sharma Class 10 Solutions • RS Aggarwal Solutions • ICSE Selina Solutions Are you searching for a list of human body parts?

Then, you have clicked on the right page. This article presents a list of human organs and provides the related information too. Scroll down and take a look at the list and some interesting facts about the human body. We are familiar with the exterior body parts like ear, eye, nose, hands, and legs but we might not be knowing about all the internal human organs. Before reading the body parts list, take a look at different human body systems so that it will be easier to understand how the body functions as a self-sustaining single unit.

Major Human Body Systems • Circulatory System: Pumps and channels blood to and from the body and lungs, plays an important role in the transportation of nutrients, gases, hormones and wastes through the body. It consists of heart, blood and blood vessels.

• Digestive System: Digests and processes the ingested food. It is involved in the breakdown and absorption of nutrients and it promotes growth and maintenance. It consists of salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, intestines, rectum, and anus.

• Endocannabinoid System: Consists of neuromodulatory lipids and receptors which help in a variety of physiological processes including appetite, pain-sensation, mood, motor learning, synaptic plasticity, and memory. • Endocrine System: Communicates within the body using hormones made by endocrine glands name a part of the body the name a part of the body, pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal glands.

Hormones control the physiological processes in the body and psychological behavior of the person. • Integumentary System: Consists of skin, hair, and nails. • Immune System: Fights off diseases, consists of leukocytes, tonsils, adenoids, thymus, and spleen.

• Lymphatic System: Transfers lymph between tissues and the bloodstream, consists of the lymph and lymph nodes and vessels that transport it. • Musculoskeletal System: Helps move the body with muscles and tendons. Movement of the muscles promotes movement of fluids, food or blood (for example, in the stomach, intestines, and heart). It consists of both skeletal and smooth muscles.

• Nervous System: Gathering, processing and transferring information to and from the body with the brain, spinal cord, and the nerves. • Reproductive System: Female reproductive system consists of ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glands, and the male reproductive system consists of testes, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, and penis.

• Respiratory System: Breathing system that helps absorb oxygen from the air and expel carbon dioxide from the body. It consists of the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, and diaphragm. • Skeletal System: Gives shape to the body and holds the body. It protects the delicate organs. It consists of bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons. • Urinary System: Maintains fluid balance, electrolyte balance and administers excretion of urine.

It helps get rid of the cellular wastes, toxins, excess water or nutrients from the circulatory system. It consists of kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. • Vestibular System: It helps maintain the balance of the body and the sense of spatial orientation. Human Body Let us now divide the body into different regions; so that it will be easier to make a body parts list.

Regional Parts • Head and Neck: The upper region of the body includes everything above the neck, for instance, hair, scalp, eyes, ears, nose, mouth, tongue, teeth, etc.

• Upper Limb: This region includes the shoulder, arm, hand, wrist, forearm, elbow and fingers. • Thorax: This is the region of the chest from the thoracic inlet to the thoracic diaphragm. • Middle Region: This includes human abdomen to the pelvic brim or to the pelvic inlet.

• Back Region: The region includes the spine and its components, the vertebrae, sacrum, coccyx, and intervertebral discs. • Pelvic Region: This region includes the pelvis which consists of everything from the pelvic inlet to the pelvic diaphragm.

The perineum is the region that consists of the sex organs and the anus. • Lower Limb Region: This includes everything below the inguinal ligament, including the hip, the thigh, the knee, the leg, the ankle and the foot. Internal Parts For the sake of convenience, you may divide body organs into ‘Organs on the left side of the body’ and ‘Organs on the right side of the human body’. Here is a list of the main internal organs of the human body. • Adrenals • Appendix • Bladder • Brain • Esophagus • Eyes • Gallbladder • Heart • Intestines • Kidney • Liver • Lung • Ovaries • Pancreas • Parathyroids • Pituitary • Prostate • Spleen • Stomach • Testicles • Thymus • Thyroid • Uterus • Veins It is just impossible to mention all the organs, here.

Almost every organ is made up of various parts which can also be named separately as organs. For example, the brain consists of Amygdala, Brainstem, Cerebellum, Cerebral cortex, Limbic system, Medulla, Midbrain, and Pons.

There are specific names name a part of the body the nerves, muscles, bones, tendons etc. which are present at the given specific locations. For instance, Achilles tendon, Bachmann’s bundle, Ducts of Bellini, Darwin’s tubercle, etc. External Parts • Head • Forehead • Jaw • Cheek • Chin • Eye • Ear • Nose • Mouth • Teeth • Tongue • Throat • Neck • Adam’s apple • Shoulders • Arm • Elbow • Wrist • Hand • Fingers • Thumb • Spine • Chest • Thorax • Breast • Abdomen • Groin • Hip • Buttocks • Navel • Penis • Scrotum • Clitoris • Vulva • Leg • Thigh • Knee • Calf • Heel • Ankle • Foot • Toes Anatomical charts and models of bodily systems help study human physiology.

The human body, a scientific marvel has always been an interesting topic for various researches related to body mechanisms like aging, fighting diseases, the effect of stress on health, etc. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website.

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Table of Contents • Body Parts • Human Body Parts Name • Human Body Parts with Details Body Parts The human body is a structural part of the human being. It is composed of various types name a part of the body cells that together form tissue and a group of tissues combine to make an organ and certain organs combine functions to make a system on which a human body performs functions.

The list of the human body parts varies accordingly by the reference of different systems. The study of the different parts of the body or living organisms in science is called anatomy science. Around, there are 79 organs in a human body, out of all five parts are crucial parts for the survival of human beings, damage of these organs are termed as a result in termination of life.

These five parts are the brain, heart, liver, lungs, and kidneys.

name a part of the body

Name a part of the body human structure can also be described as the essential part, covered with hairs, the presence of the mammary glands, and the senses organs are well developed.

The body consists of many body cavities and separated areas that are placed in the different organ systems. The external changes to the body like height, shape, weight and other proportions may vary individually by sex and age.

Human Body Parts Name • Head • Forehead • Hair • Ear • Eye • Nose • Cheek • Neck • Mouth • Chin • Shoulder • Chest • Umbilicus • Arm • Back • Elbow • Abdomen • Hip • Buttocks • Hand • Wrist • Thumb • Finger • Hand • Knee • Calf • Leg • Foot • Heel • Toes • Penis • Vagina • Anus • Breast Human Body Parts with Details Head The head is a part of the human body and also the topmost portion of it. It includes some other parts like ears, nose, eyes, cheeks, chin, brain, mouth, tongue, each of these is a sensory functional part.

The head is a bilateral symmetric part of the body, irrespective of its size it. Forehead The forehead is a portion of the head that is surrounded by three characteristics, two of the skull and one of the scalp. The topside of the forehead is surrounded by name a part of the body, and the bottom portion is marked by the supraorbital ridge, the bone feature of the skull above the eyes.

Hair The hair which attaches to the entire skin of the body is called the hair follicle. The hair bulb forms the base of the hair follicle, which is nourished by the blood vessels present in the body. Hair growth depends on the hormones of the body and the growth of life, age. Ear The ear is a hearing organ of the body that has three different parts – the outer name a part of the body consists of the pinna and the ear canal, the middle ear consists of the tympanic cavity and three ossicles, and the inner ear has the bony labyrinth.

The ears of the vertebrates are placed on either the symmetrical side of the head. Eye The human eye is an organ that reacts to the light and the visions which are allowed by the cells. Eyes contain the retina, pupil, and other cells which are used to visualize an image when we look at something. The human eye can be differentiated about the 10 million colors which are possibly capable of detecting a single photon.

Nose The nose of the human body is placed in front of the face. The nostrils present in the nose are the first organ of the respiratory system. The nose is an important organ for the olfactory system. The shape and the size of the nose depend on the cartilages, including the septum that is separated by the nostrils and the nasal cavity is divided into two.

Cheek The cheeks are present in the face below the eyes and between the nose and both the left and right ear. The region is surrounded is called the buccal nerve and is present between the inside of the cheek and the teeth and gums, also called the vestibule. Neck The neck is a part of the body with the torso present below the head, and it provides the head to do the movement. Structurally, the human neck has anatomically grouped into four compartments- vertebral, visceral, and two vascular compartments.

Within these compartments, the duct or glands passed from the head to the abdominal portion of the body through the thorax part. Mouth The human mouth is the first portion of the alimentary canal which is connected to the esophagus and is located above the chin and below the nose. The coverings of the mouth are called the lips. Chin The human chin refers to the forward pointed part of the anterior mandible 2below the lower lip.

Some obese people may appear to have a double chin due to tho the multi-layered skins on the face. Shoulder The human shoulder is made up of three bones named, the cervical, the scapula, and the humerus. Also, the muscles surrounding these bones are ligaments and tendons.

The shoulder joint is also known as the glenohumeral joint, which is the major joint of the shoulder. Chest The thorax is another name for the chest, which is a part of the anatomy of the human and also various other animals. The thorax is located between the neck and the abdomen.

It includes the thoracic cavity and the thalamus gland—also various muscles and internal structures. Umbilicus The umbilicus is used to separate the abdomen into quadrants. It is a prominent scar on the abdomen, and the position is relatively constant among humans. Arm In humans, the arms are the upper limbs present between the glenohumeral joint and the elbow joint. Arms can be divided into two, the upper arm extends from the shoulder and the elbow, and the lower arm is also called the forearm extends from the elbow to the hand.

This is symmetrical to either side of the body attached with the shoulder joints. Back The human back, also called the dorsum, is the largest posterior area of the human body risu=ing from the top of the buttocks and to the back of the neck.

Back in the surface portion just opposite to the chest. The breadth of the back is created by the shoulders at the top and the pelvis at the bottom. The vertebral column passes through the back and creates a central air of recession. Elbow The elbow is a visible joint between the upper arm and the name a part of the body forearm. It includes prominent marks such as the elbow pit, epicondyles, the elbow joint, and the olecranon.

The elbow joint is a synovial hinge joint between the humerus and the radius and ulna in the forearm, which tends to move the lower arm in 180 degrees. Abdomen The abdomen is the part of the human body between the thorax and pelvis, and also in other vertebrates. The abdomen is the front part of the abdominal segment of the trunk. The occupied area by the abdomen is called the abdominal cavity.

Most of the organs are present in this section of the human body. Hip Hip refers to either an anatomical joint or a region, in the vertebral anatomy. This region is located at the lateral and anterior to the gluteal region, inferior to the iliac crest to the femur, or thigh bone. In adults, three of the bones of the pelvis have fused into the hip bone.

Buttocks The buttocks are two rounded portions or the fleshy part of the exterior anatomy of most mammals, located to the posterior of the pelvic region. In the human body, the buttocks are located between the lower back and the perineum. While seated, the buttocks take all the load of the body and take that weight off the body. Hand The hand is a prehensile, multi-fingered palm located below the forearm or forelimb of primates such as human beings, chimpanzees, monkeys, and lemurs.

Wrist In human anatomy, the wrist is variously defined as the carpus or carpal bones. It is a combination of eight carpal bones in a proximal skeletal segment. The anatomical region is surrounded by the carpus including the forearm and the proximal part of the metacarpus and the five metacarpal bones of the fingers.

Thumb The thumb is said to be the first digit of the hand. When a person is standing in the medical anatomic position, the thumb is called the outermost digit. It consists of only two phalangeal bones. Finger The finger is a limb of the human body and a type of digit. It is an organ of manipulation and sensation in hand. Generally, humans have five fingers; the bones that are present in the fingers are called phalanges. Fingers are named as the thumb, the index finger, the middle finger, the ring finger, and the little finger.

Knee The knee is a joint between the femur bone and the tibia bone connected to the patella bone, also called the kneecap. The knee is responsible for keeping connected these two bones and due to this patella bone which is a triangular-shaped bone, the leg only bent backward.

Calf The calf is the back portion of the lower leg. In the human anatomy, muscles within the calf correspond to the posterior compartment of the leg. The two largest muscles within this compartment are called the calf muscle. The smaller muscles are attached to the knee, ankle, and toes. Leg The leg, in general words, is the entire limb of the human body, including name a part of the body toes, foot, thigh and calf, even the hip or gluteal region. It is used for standing, and to do all kinds of locomotion like dancing, running, etc.

the female legs generally have greater hip anteversion and tibiofemoral angles, but in males, the femur and tibial lengths are shorter.

Foot The foot is an anatomical structure found in many vertebrates. It is the terminal portion of a limb that bears weight and allows locomotion. It includes five segments of the metatarsal bone, including claws or nails. Heel The heel is the bulge at the back end of the foot. It is based on the projection of one bone, calcaneus, or heel bone.

It presents behind the junction of the bones of the lower leg. Toes The toe is said to be the digits of the foot. It refers to a part of the human foot, with five toes present on each human toes, each toe consists of three phalanx bones, called the proximal, the middle, and the distal bone, except for the big toe. It only contains two phalanx bones, the proximal and the distal bone. Also Read: • Dry Fruits Name • 3d Shapes • Five Fingers Name • Spices Name • Carnivorous Animals
: face This charming synonym of face packs a punch: The real Truth is, any one would guess him to have been a seven Years Apprentice to the Prince of Darkness; for name a part of the body is never without a pair of Tormentors in his Hand, and the Devil in his Mouth, and his Phiz so everlastingly reaking with Sweat and Greafe, as if he was come just piping hot from Old Nick's Kitchin.

Edward Ward apparently did not think so highly of sea cooks.

name a part of the body

The above is taken from the "A Sea-Cook" chapter of his 1744 The Wooden World Dissected name a part of the body the Character of a Ship of War. The book is a collection of " characters"—that is, short literary sketches of particular social types. Phiz had, according to the currently available evidence, been around for about 60 years at the time of Ward's book.

It's a playful shortening and alteration of the word physiognomy, which refers to facial features. It sees little use now, but appears in the works of Nathaniel Hawthorne, George Eliot, Herman Melville, and Lucy Maud Montgomery, among others.

: heel Kibe most often refers to "ulcerated chilblains [that is, cracked and swollen sores caused by exposure to cold] especially on the heel," but it can also mean simply "heel." When Shakespeare's Hamlet complains to Horatio that "the age is grown so picked that the toe / of the peasant comes so near the heel of the courtier he galls / his kibe" he is making a statement about how commoners are of late becoming wisecrackers who annoy their social superiors, specifically by (figuratively) chafing the sore and swollen heels of said superiors with their toes.

The word comes from Middle English, but little beyond that is known about its history. : the region of the eyebrows : eyebrow In Latin supercilium means "eyebrow" or "ridge" or "pride." In English it carries that first meaning as well, and also hints at the second in meanings referring to Greek and Roman architectural elements and to the lintel of a door. The "pride" meaning of supercilium is evidenced in English in the related adjective supercilious, meaning "coolly and patronizingly haughty"—and in the raised eyebrows of the supercilious themselves.

The plural of supercilium is supercilia: The supercilia, or eye-brows, are the two hairy arches situated at the lower part of the forehead, between the top of the nose and temples, in the same direction with the bony arches which form the superior edges of the orbits.

Their colour is different in different persons, and often in the same person different from that of the hair on the head: the hairs of which they consist are strong and pretty stiff, and they lie obliquely, their roots being turned to the nose, and their points to the temples. — Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1771 : throat, windpipe I found Masters Welsh and Hume already on the steps o' the Bilboe; and Master Hume was actually clearing his thrapple; and screwin' up his mooth, and his cheek muscles to the screaming pitch.

— William Craig Brownlee, The Whigs of Scotland, 1833 Thrapple comes from Scottish, from the synonymous dialectal word thropple. That word is believed to come from the Middle English throppill, though the Oxford English Dictionary reports that thropple may in fact be a contraction of throat-boll, a word for " Adam's apple." We're fine with the resulting degree of uncertainty on the etymological front.

The important thing is that people know the word is available for use and apply it when they name a part of the body the need. : a lozenge-shaped space at the back of the knee joint Ultrasound scanning techniques were used to examine the popliteal space in 102 knees.

name a part of the body

— J.R. Carpenter et al., abstract in Mayo Clinic Proceedings, August 1976 Popliteal alone means "of or relating to the back part of the leg behind the knee joint," and that little lozenge-shaped space back there also goes by the catchy moniker of popliteal fossa. ( Fossa is a handy word for an anatomical pit, groove, or depression.) : the largely cartilaginous projecting portion of the external ear Normally, the outer ear, known as the pinna, collects sound waves and directs them into the ear canal, which carries the sound waves to the eardrum.

— Jerome Groopman, The New Yorker, 9 & 16 Feb. 2009 The greater portion of the human ear goes unseen by most of us most of the time, but of the parts that name a part of the body seen only one of them has a common name.

We all know the earlobe, of course, but the pinna is everything else we see. The word, which has plural forms of either pinnae or pinnas, can also refer to another projecting body party, such as a feather, wing, or fin— pinna is Latin for "feather" or "wing"—or to a leaflet or primary division of a pinnate leaf or frond. The word auricle is also used to refer to the pinna of the ear, but is more commonly used to refer to a part of the heart.

: the innermost digit (such as the big toe) of a hind or lower limb The fossil hallux is stout, has proportions … that are within the human range and, as in humans, displays less axial torsion than that of apes. — Randall L. Susman et al., Science, 3 Sept.

1982 Stubbing one's big toe is never pleasant, but perhaps thinking of it as a hallux next time you do will ameliorate the pain a bit.

name a part of the body

The English word is identical to its Latin ancestor, and has a very Latin-y plural as well: halluces. Halluces are referred to as such whether they be on humans or other mammals or on birds. If it's got an innermost digit on a hind or lower limb, it's got a hallux. : the hollow beneath the junction of the arm and the shoulder : armpit In his buttonhole is an immense dahlia. He twirls in reversed directions a clouded cane, then wedges it tight in his oxter.

He places a hand lightly on his breastbone, bows, and fondles his flower and buttons. — James Joyce, Ulysses, 1922 Oxter is a term found in several English dialects and not much in medical texts. It has an Old English pedigree: when you tucked something into your armpit back in the days of Old English you called it your ōxta.

: the vertical groove on the median line of the upper lip There’s an indentation just above the mouth and below the nose with a name of its own. Physiologists call it the philtrum…. Some parents tell their kids that this indentation, so prominent in newborns, was made by an angel's finger.

The story goes like this: We are born knowing everything, but then an angel comes down and touches us, right there above the lip, to make us forget what we know. It takes us all our lives to re-learn what we were born knowing. — Barbara Beckwith,, 19 Sept. 2014 Philtrum comes from the Greek philtron, meaning "love potion" or "charm," as well as simply "dimple in the upper lip." : the human nose especially when prominent Whereas, he who is famous through his nose, it is impossible to overlook.

He is a celebrity without toiling for a name. Snugly ensconced behind his proboscis, he revels in its shadow, receiving tributes of attention wherever he goes.

— Herman Melville, Mardi: and A Voyage Thither, 1849 Nose is hardly an elegant word; proboscis is a dignified synonym to be applied as desired. In addition to referring to the human nose (especially when prominent) it also refers to the trunk of an elephant or to any similarly long and flexible snout.

It can also refer to the sucking organ of the butterfly, or to other various elongated or extensible tubular processes of the oral region of an invertebrate. So remember that the next time you need to describe one of those. The word's provenance is Greek. • Browse the Dictionary: • a • b • c • d • e • f • g • h • i • j • k • l • m • n • o • p • q • r • s • t • u • v • w • x • y • z • 0-9 • Home • Help • About Us • Shop • Advertising Info • Dictionary API • Contact Us • Join MWU • Videos • Word of the Year • Vocabulary Resources • Law Dictionary • Medical Dictionary • Privacy Policy • Terms of Use • Browse the Thesaurus • Browse the Medical Dictionary • Browse name a part of the body Legal Dictionary © 2022 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated

Body Parts Name with Picture and Hindi Meaning !! ENGLISH VOCABULARY !!