Smoke indonesia

smoke indonesia

none Smoking is a huge problem not just in Indonesia but all over the world. There have been researches and studies going on to combat tobacco and reduce its frequency among the masses. Most smoke indonesia the developed and first world countries have strong regulations against smoking. But that's unfortunately not the case with smoking in Indonesia.

However, sadly smoke indonesia, Indonesia is a significant exception to smoke indonesia. The largest island country in the world is home to thousands of chain-smokers. Bizarre incidents related to tobacco addiction are nothing new to this country.

In this article, let us study the present scenario of Indonesia concerning smoking and discuss issues which could help both tourists and residents tackle the problem. Information Regarding Smoking in Indonesia Source 1. General Scenario in Indonesia: Worldwide cigarette smoking has been going down significantly, but for one reason or the other, its graph still slopes upwards in Indonesia.

The country of nearly 18000 islands is one of the topmost producers and consumers of tobacco. As of 2018, 76% of the Indonesian male population has been a victim to the vices of smoking. As an aftermath of the smoking culture, tobacco claims over 30,000 Indonesian lives each year. 2. Children as Victims: If you have already been worrying about Indonesians, here is something which is even more shocking.

It smoke indonesia been reported that over 30% of the Indonesian children have smoked a cigarette even before turning 10.

3. ‘The Smoking Baby’: An even more disturbing piece of news broke out in 2010 when an Indonesian 2-year-old boy named Aldi Rizal was reported to have smoked around 40 cigarettes daily. The story had created smoke indonesia lot of chaos nationwide forcing immediate actions. Luckily the boy is safe now from the brutal addiction and has gained the fame of the world’s youngest reformed smoker. Source 4. Rule of The Major Tobacco Companies: Quite a few tobacco companies have an excellent grip over the Indonesian economy.

Some of them include Gudang Garam, Sampoerna, Djarum, Bentoel Group and Nojorono International. As per the WHO (World Health Organization), Indonesia has ranked third in the world for the total number of smokers. 5. Kretek Cigarettes: 88% of Indonesian smokers are said to use clove-flavoured kreteks. Containing a high concentration of tar and nicotine, these flavoured cigarettes are more appealing to the youth which results in heavy smoking in Indonesia.

Kretek is very popular among the masses due to its cheap nature, ability to burn slowly and self-extinguishable capability.

Kretek was once very popular among the lower classes of the society.

smoke indonesia

However, off late, it became viral among the middle-income strata to the extent that it is viewed upon as a stereotypical local trait. Causes to the Problem Source There are a few direct reasons as to why smoking in Indonesia has become such a daily habit for the locals: smoke indonesia.

Economic Value: Cigarettes are ridiculously cheap in Indonesia. A pack of cigarettes cost around 17,000 IDR, equivalent to US$1.20. This makes cigarettes readily available and easily obtainable even by the poor people of the country.

Every other shop and even global chains like the 7-11 sells cigarettes at an abnormally low price compared to the other countries. 2. Wicked Advertisements: As of 2017, tobacco companies of Indonesia spent approximately USD 474 million on television advertisements.

Unlike smoke indonesia countries, their target customers include both adults and children. The cigarette producers have been intentionally aiming children as their future market through advertisements and sponsorships on activities in which teenagers are involved the most.

3. Absence of restrictions imposed: It is not illegal to smoke cigarettes in private offices, restaurants or bars. As if this wasn't bad enough, it is perfectly legal for a child of any age to buy and smoke cigarettes in Indonesia. Luckily for the Indonesians, the government, now alarmed by the impending danger, is contemplating introducing regulations that would ban the advertisements of cigarettes, smoking in private and selling cigarettes to children.

Exceptions to Laws for Smoking in Indonesia Source Not adhering to the general tendency of smoking in the rest of the country, a few pockets have strict rules against smoke indonesia.

Following the introduction of the strict anti-smoking laws in Australia and the West, the Island of Gods ( Bali), has adopted a set of beneficial anti-smoking regulations. 1. Public places where it is banned: The public places specifically include places of education, workplaces, and places of worship, recreation areas or areas frequented by children.

Smoking in hospitals, maternity homes and other medical facility centres is also prohibited. Public transport services, shopping malls, markets, restaurants and airports also come under this list. 2. Where can you smoke: Travellers visiting Bali can smoke only in the designated smoke lounges. Tourists visiting Bali for the first time should keep an eye on the no-smoking signage installed in the smoke-free zones.

To be on the safe side, it is even better to enquire the local public before smoking. However, the Bali airport does not have a single such lounge.

So it is advisable to have a puff or two before heading towards the airport. Penalty for Smoking in Indonesia Source Although smoking is still not banned in Indonesia, there are few exceptions where one may get fined for smoking. As per a newly developed law, anyone caught smoking in the public places of Bali could end up paying 50,000 Rp(USD 5) and 3 months in jail.

Newly developed Smoking Control Laws Source According to steps taken by the government in the recent past to combat the problem of smoking in Indonesia, here are a few rules which have come into action: 1. Smoke-Free Places: Smoking has been made illegal on public transport and in the following public places: a. Healthcare facilities b. Educational centres c. Areas of Worship d. Children’s playgrounds The realisation of smoke-free places and restricted smoke places have been made possible by the laws passed by some local governments.

2. E-cigarettes: Lately, certain restrictions have been imposed on e-cigarettes. Some sub-national jurisdictions have enacted laws where smoking is prohibited and e-cigarette advertising, promotion and sponsorship. Your Role As A Responsible Tourist Source Indonesia has been fighting to come out of the vicious circle of smoking by now.

The locals are profoundly affected and are always under the threat of smoke indonesia affected by a smoke-related disease. As a responsible tourist, here are a few sets of rules one should consider following for the betterment of the Indonesians.

1. Do Smoke indonesia Encourage Underage Kids to Smoke: Child smoking is a severe problem in Indonesia. The official legal age for tobacco smoke indonesia 18 years but to no avail. The government authorities find it very hard to monitor these children. So it is advisable to restrict yourself from indulging in smoking activities in front of a minor.

Allow yourself to step forward and take necessary actions in the instance of a child smoking.

smoke indonesia

2. No Smoking In Public Places: Restrict yourself from smoking in public smoke indonesia like hospitals, schools, places of worship, malls, etc. Anybody caught smoking in the hospital premises are warned and charged severely. Likewise, other public places are also gradually developing anti-smoking laws. 3.

Smoking In Special Smoking Areas: To prevent non-smokers from the ill effects of smoking, smokers are advised to smoke within a particular smoking area surrounded by glass and closed off from other regions. In the recent past, several such smoking areas have been made in Indonesia due to the public demand for smoking-free zones.

smoke indonesia

4. No Smoking before a pregnant woman: Pregnant women are severely affected when exposed to the harmful smoke from cigarettes. In pursuit of becoming passive smokers, both the infant and the mother’s health is severely compromised. Hence, as another anti-smoking rule in Indonesia, people are fined for such an activity.

5. Smoking while Driving: Being chain-smokers, Indonesians used to smoke even while driving. This had led to numerous accidents, some of which turned out to be fatal. Hence, nowadays, there have been strict laws against this, and it is best to refrain from smoking while driving. Smoke indonesia anti-smoking rules should be enough to bring down the incidence of smoking in Indonesia in the long run.

smoke indonesia

Nevertheless, if you are a smoker and plan to visit Indonesia, it is best to keep in mind the alarming situation of the country and act responsibly as a tourist. Keep anti-smoking laws in mind to avoid substantial penalties. Also, grab ample opportunities to help the nation fight this problem.
Smoking is said to bring pleasure to those who smoke cigarettes.

It’s a habit that is hard to kill even though there are many risks and diseases in Indonesia link to it. There are people all over the world who smoke cigarettes. Every country has their own set of rules for smokers to follow through. Indonesia is no exception to those rules. The country has some regulations that smokers must obey. Most of the rules are set to ensure the convenience for those who smoke and for those who don’t.

Below are 13 Smoking Rules in Indonesia that everyone who are living inside the country have to follow. Read more: • Things to Avoid in Indonesia • Rules for Tourists in Indonesia 1.

Must smoke indonesia 18 Years Old In Indonesia, the legal age for smoking is 18 years old. However, there are so many underage kids that are already smoking before they hit that age. Authorities find it difficult to monitor those kids who are smoking illegally. But still, according to Indonesian law, only people who are 18 years old or older can have the right to smoke.

2. No Encouraging Underage Kids to Smoke Anyone is prohibited to encourage underage kids to smoke. In fact, to avoid more Indonesian children smoking, there are no advertisement for it during the prime time on TV.

The ads for cigarette don’t explicitly show the smoke indonesia itself. 3. No Smoking in Hospital Nobody is allowed to smoke on hospital smoke indonesia. Anybody caught smoking within the area could get the warned or charged seriously. The hospital is meant to be a place where people can heal.

smoke indonesia

Moreover, the smoke from the cigarette could affect people with asthma. Also, the cigarette particles in the smoke can stick to the tools in the hospital that have to be sanitary. This regulation also applies to the smoking rules in Bali. 4. No Smoking in School Smoking in school is not allowed. Students caught smoking could get serious punishment from the school.

Adults are also not allowed to smoke around the area. It could set as a bad example for impressionable children. The act may encourage others to smoke illegally too. 5. No Smoking in Places for Worship There is also a rule whereby smoking is prohibited in places for worship. They smoke indonesia mosques, churches or smoke indonesia. The smoke from the cigarette may irritate those who are trying to pray.

Other than that, it is also disrespectful to blow smokes in a place where people are trying to have peace and connection with their creators. 6. Smoke Within a Special Smoking Area Smokers in Indonesia are advised to smoke within a special smoking area. This area is usually smoke indonesia the form of an isolated room. The room is surrounded by glass and closed off from other areas. So, the smoke from the cigarettes cannot get out and affect other people.

There are now many smoking areas in Indonesia due to the public demand asking for smoking free zones. 7. No Smoking in Malls Indonesians are not allowed to smoke inside malls. Malls are usually closed buildings with air conditioners running. When someone smokes inside the mall, the smoke from the cigarette could be difficult to get rid of.

smoke indonesia

Most importantly, it could raise the chance of starting a fire inside the building where many people are walking around shopping. Also read: • Unique Laws in Indonesia • Social Etiquette in Indonesia 8. No Selling Cigarette to Underage Kids Supermarkets or smoke indonesia markets are not allowed to sell cigarette to underage kids.

Some will require a show for ID to make sure that the person they smoke indonesia selling to is of legal age. This smoking rule also applies to the small corner stores in the neighbourhood although they tend to be more lenient. 9. Pregnant Women are Not Allowed to Smoke Pregnant women in Indonesia are not advised to smoke a cigarette during their pregnancy. Cigarettes contain harmful components that could dangerously affect their unborn babies. Moreover, cigarette may also affect the health of the mother which puts the unborn babies at more risks.

Read more: • Tobacco in Indonesia • Cultural Activities in Jakarta 10. No Smoking Around Children Area Smokers are not allowed to light up their cigarettes around children area. This includes playgrounds, kindergartens or events where there are many children around. When someone smokes around the children, they are exposed to the harmful components from the cigarette.

Moreover, they become passive smokers at such a young age. 11. Don’t Dump Cigarette Ash While Riding Vehicles Some Indonesians like to smoke while smoke indonesia their vehicles such as their cars or motorcycles.

However, they are not advised to dump their cigarette ash while riding inside a personal or public transportation in Indonesia. The cigarette ash may harm the person riding behind them. The ash might burn the skin or a piece of clothing on the person behind. 12. Put Out Cigarette before Throwing it Away Smokers in Indonesia must put out their cigarettes first before throwing it away. Cigarettes that are still light up with fire might increase the chance of starting a fire.

Moreover, the cigarette that is still not put out can harm other people that happen to encounter the cigarette. 13. No Smoking around Pregnant Women Another smoking rule in Indonesia is the prohibition to smoke around pregnant women. Pregnant women are not happy when they are exposed to the smoke indonesia smoke from cigarettes. They do not want to become passive smokers and end up harming their babies.

A smoker is advised to look over his or her surrounding before smoking. When there is a smoke indonesia woman, it is better to find a smoking are or move away from the woman as far as possible.

Also read: • Healthy Lifestyle in Indonesia • Most Expensive Cofee in Indonesia These smoking rules in Indonesia are reasonable enough to ensure safety for everyone. Indonesia want to try as much as possible to reduce exposure of cigarettes within the public area. When it comes to children, pregnant women and others who are sensitive to cigarette smokes, the smokers must know that they better smoke in a special smoking area to avoid making them passive smokers.

Prevalence of smoking is the percentage of men and women ages 15 and over who currently smoke any tobacco product on a daily or non-daily basis. It excludes smokeless tobacco use. The rates are age-standardized.

• Indonesia smoking rate for 2018 was 37.90%, a 0.2% decline from 2016. • Indonesia smoking rate for 2016 was 38.10%, a 0.2% decline from 2014. • Indonesia smoking rate for 2014 was 38.30%, a 0.2% decline from 2012.

• Indonesia smoking rate for 2012 was 38.50%, a 0.3% decline from 2010. Similar Country Ranking Country Name Smoking Rate (Ages 15+) Kiribati 52.00% Myanmar 45.50% Bangladesh 39.10% Timor-Leste 38.20% Solomon Islands 37.90% Indonesia 37.90% Lao PDR 37.80% Lesotho 29.70% Georgia 29.70% Kyrgyz Republic 27.90% Mongolia 27.60% India 27.00% Tunisia 26.00% Ukraine 25.50% Moldova 25.30% Philippines smoke indonesia Vanuatu 24.10% Sri Lanka 22.90% Smoke indonesia 21.80% Egypt 21.40% Pakistan 20.00% Congo, Rep.

16.10% Zambia 14.70% Morocco 14.70% El Salvador 12.70% Uzbekistan 12.30% Kenya 11.80% Eswatini 10.70% Cameroon 9.30% Sao Tome and Principe 5.40% Nigeria 4.80% Ghana 3.70% We Need Your Support! Backlinks from other websites and blogs are the lifeblood of our site and are our primary source of new traffic. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page.

We have provided a few examples smoke indonesia that you can copy and paste to your site: Link Preview HTML Code (Click to Copy) Indonesia Smoking Rate 2007-2022 Macrotrends Source Your image export is now complete. Please check your download folder.

We Need Your Support! Backlinks from other websites and blogs are the lifeblood of our site and are our primary source of new traffic. If you use our datasets on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Link Preview HTML Code (Click to Copy) Indonesia Smoking Rate 2007-2022 Macrotrends Source Your data export is now complete.

Please check your download folder.
Indonesia has the highest smoking rates in the world: while 56% of men smoked in 2000, 76% of men did in 2015.

Far fewer women smoke (4% and falling). This trend has occurred both among adult men and very young boys, sparking such sensational coverage as the “smoking 2-year-old” in 2010 ( who has since quit with counseling). How has this happened? In the Western world, the rise and fall of cigarette smoking seems a uniquely twentieth century phenomenon. As Allan Brant writes, the development of medical epidemiology proving that smoking causes cancer and the class action lawsuit allowing smokers to fight the power of big tobacco has helped dismantle our smoking culture.

The number of active adult smokers in the United States has fallen from a peak of 45% in the 1950s to around 15% today. E-cigarettes and vaping seemed like a popular trend earlier in the decade, but new surveys show teen use is dropping in this category of smoking, too. Cigarette smoking in public is relatively rare today in big cities. It was almost surprising when the news broke recently that the U.S. Department of Justice finally settled a twenty-year legal battle on the wording of court-ordered anti-smoking ads cigarette companies must run for the coming year.

It’s an important part of the effort to further reduce the illness and death they still wreak on hundreds of thousands of Americans. Tobacco companies have invested heavily in governmental lobbying, touting the cigarette industry as an important part smoke indonesia the Indonesian economy.

However, the tobacco industry has been able to stay afloat and even to sharply increase profits in recent years. An important part of its new strategy has been focusing on markets with far weaker anti-smoking regulations and with cultures that valorize smoking. As a result, even though the overall proportion of active adult smokers in the world has fallen between 2000 and 2015 from 27% to 20% and from 44% to 35% among men, male smoking has increased sharply in certain countries.

Indonesia is the most extreme case. Richard Hunt et. al. argue this phenomenon is the direct result of the decision to open the Indonesian cigarette industry to foreign investors in the late 1990s economic liberalization following the Suharto regime. A unique aspect of smoking culture in Indonesia is the near-absolute popularity of “kreteks” or cigarettes that are about one-third minced cloves by weight.

Among other chemicals, burning cloves produce eugenol, a local anesthetic that makes tobacco smoke less harsh and easier to consume in quantity—and is toxic in its own right. Having marketed plain “white” cigarettes in Indonesia with middling success, multinational tobacco companies Philip Morris International (PMI) and British American Tobacco (BAT) both purchased established kretek manufacturers Sampoerna and Bentoel in 2009.

The authors demonstrate that BAT has been aware of the harmful effects of eugenol since at least the 1960s, in studies designed to set tolerable maximums for particular markets. With a foothold on the kretek mainstream, the companies have invested heavily in governmental lobbying, touting the cigarette industry as an important part of the Indonesian economy, and have updated and streamlined local marketing techniques.

smoke indonesia

This includes launching kretek brands like Marlboro Mix 9 targeting youth, and promoting existing brands like A Mild, which makes spurious health claims. Effective lobbying has permitted PMI and BAT to use a full range of marketing media appealing to the tastes of the middle and upper classes, including the sponsorship of cultural and entertainment events.

Despite the common knowledge of the health risks of smoking, a message tying masculinity to smoking has led to a massive increase in smoking among these classes. Where smoking was once identified more with the working class, it has now become a universally accepted habit for Indonesian men.

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Anti-tobacco protest in Jakarta Smoking in Indonesia is common, as there are approximately 57 million smokers in Indonesia.

[1] Of Indonesian people, 63% of men and 5% of women reported being smokers, a total of 34% of the population. [2] 88% of Indonesia smokers use clove-flavoured kreteks. [2] Kretek manufacturers directly employ over 180,000 people in Indonesia and an additional 10 million indirectly. [3] Indonesia is the fifth largest tobacco market in the world, and in 2008 over 165 billion cigarettes were sold in the country.

[2] Major tobacco companies dominating the market in Indonesia according to the year of smoke indonesia include: • HM Sampoerna ( Philip Morris International, 1913), in smoke indonesia first place.

• Bentoel International Investama ( British American Tobacco, 1930), in the second place. • Nojorono Tobacco International (1932), in the third place. • Djarum (1951), in the fourth place. • Gudang Garam (1958), in the fifth place. • Wismilak Inti Makmur (1962), in the sixth place.

• Tri Sakti Purwosari Makmur (1974), in the seventh place. • Indonesian Tobacco (1980), being the eighth and the last place. [4] The WHO has ranked Indonesia third in the world for total number of smokers.

[5] Child labour in the Kretek industry of the Dutch East Indies era. Kretek is credited as an invention by Nitisemito of Kudus, an industrial town in Central Java. They emerged in the late 19th century in Java. The practice was to roll, by hand, a compound of tobacco, cloves and cocoa in a dry corn husk wrap, which gives a honeyed flavour.

It was Nitisemito who introduced cigarette papers in place of corn husk; following this simple innovation, a Kretek manufacturing factory was opened in Sumatra. The first brand of cigarette produced in this factory, "Bal Tiga" (three balls), became very popular, and as result, the economy of Kudus prospered. [6] The inventor popularized his brand of cigarettes through a concerted media campaign, even establishing his own radio station for the purpose.

[ citation needed] He touted his habit of smoking kretek as the cure for his asthma. Intense competition (25 manufactures are now reported in the city and its suburbs) combined with poor management resulted in his eventual financial failure, when he died in 1953. [6] Another brand is Gudang Garam, founded by Chinese Indonesian businessman Surya Wonowidjojo.

[7] It has the distinction of being the largest single employer in Indonesia. [8] Kretek is very popular in rural areas as this type of cigarette is cheap. Kretek is known to burn slowly, and also self-extinguish. [9] Evidence seems to suggest oral lesions may be less common than with other cigarette types. Due to this effect, cigarette smoking has largely replaced betel chewing.

[10] The term "Kretek" is onomatopoeic, referring to the crackling sound that is produced when such cigarettes are burnt and inhaled. [6] Kretek cigarettes contain high concentration of tar and nicotine, approximately four times that of the strongest Marlboros. [11] Some countries (such as the United States) have banned marketing flavoured cigarettes (including kreteks), as these are often seen as more appealing to the youth.

[12] The other harmful effect mentioned is from the clove oil used in making Kretek. The clove oil or eugenol is harmful to the lungs. The Indonesian Health Department reported in 2000 that 200,000 people are affected by cancer every year but eugenols exact relation to smoking has not been evaluated.

Due to the popularity of Kretek, 5% of the national revenue is from this source, next only to the revenue from smoke indonesia. Indonesia also records the highest growth of cigarette industry in the world, accounting for 4% of the world consumption.

[6] While cigarette smoking is declining throughout the world, in Indonesia, the industry continues to thrive. Indonesia has one smoke indonesia the highest smoking rates in the world and is currently one of the biggest producers of tobacco worldwide, [13] with Malaysia and the United States being two of their important markets.

[14] There are hundreds of tobacco companies in the country, with Gudang Garam, Djarum, Sampoerna, Bentoel and Wismilak dominating the Indonesian market share. [11] Kretek was initially a habit of the lower classes of society. However, it has now become very popular among the "middle class and intelligentsia, to the extent that it has become very de rigueur and a mark of Indonesian-ness." [8] Harmful effects and regulations [ edit ] Tobacco smoking in Indonesia is said to claim 300,000 lives every year.

[15] Even though Indonesia has required "no smoking" signs in health care units, educational institutions and in public transportation system, there is no ban on smoking in government and private offices, restaurants and bars. Tax exemptions in Indonesia provide an incentive to the manufacturers to advertise the sale of cigarettes as compared to other countries in the region, in spite of the World Bank suggesting higher tax rates.

As a result, tobacco manufacturers almost run cigarette advertisements for free. All these factors, plus its low cost, have contributed to the extensive proliferation of cigarette smoking in Indonesia among people of all ages. [2] So much so, that even a two-year-old child picked up the habit of smoking two packs of cigarettes a day in his fishing village, where every one smokes. It was reported that the child's grandfather initiated his son into this habit at the age of 18 months.

smoke indonesia

However, press reports indicate that the child has been placed in rehabilitation by keeping him in a different environment under the care of a psychologist, and as a result the child has given up smoking.

[16] The government of Indonesia is now contemplating introducing regulations that would ban the advertising of cigarettes, smoking in public places and selling cigarettes to children. [5] Main issues [ edit ] Cigarette advertisements [ edit ] Main article: Cigarette advertising in Indonesia Unlike the rest of the world, cigarette advertising are still allowed in Indonesia, [17] and as of 2021, Indonesia is the only country in the world to allow cigarette advertising.

[18] However, it is prohibited to show cigarettes and advertising must include smoking warning messages. In Indonesia itself, such advertisements known under the name iklan rokok in Indonesian. In 2003, smoke indonesia advertising and promotions in Indonesia was valued at $250 million. [19] In addition to television and outdoor advertisements, sporting events sponsored by cigarette brands or companies also occur.

[20] Child smoking [ edit ] According to an official spokesman of a special commission set up to protect children's rights (KPAI) and evolve regulations to prevent children getting addicted to smoking, "The future of 80 million Indonesian children is at stake as the cigarette producers were intentionally aiming children as their future market through massive TV advertisements smoke indonesia sponsorships on activities in which teenagers involved the most." [5] More than 30% of Indonesian children reportedly smoke a cigarette before the age of 10.

smoke indonesia

{INSERTKEYS} [21] In 2010, a two-year-old boy from Sumatra, Ardi Rizal, made global headlines for having a 40-a-day cigarette habit. [21] [22] In 2003, cigarette advertising and promotion in Indonesia was valued at $250 million.

[23] It is thus one of the most distinctive tobacco manufacturing hubs in the world. Smoking Kretek is said to be "an ingrained part of Indonesian culture". An all pervading scent of kretek smoke is distinctly discerned in Indonesia. [14] Gallery [ edit ] • Smoking in Indonesia • • ^ "Tobacco Economics in Indonesia" (PDF).

International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 10, 2017 . Retrieved March 8, 2012. • ^ a b c d "Indonesia". Tobacco Free Center. Archived from the original on June 11, 2010 . Retrieved September 3, 2010. • ^ Hanusz, Mark Smoke; A Century of Kretek pp. 140-143 • ^ "Country Report: Tobacco in Indonesia". Euro Monitor. August 2011. • ^ a b c "Indonesia struggling to deter children from smoking". People’s Daily Online.

2010-08-30 . Retrieved 2010-09-06. • ^ a b c d Backshall, Stephen (2003). The Rough Guide to Indonesia. Rough Guides. p. 266. ISBN 1-85828-991-2 . Retrieved 2010-09-06. • ^ Leo Suryadinata. Prominent Indonesian Chinese: Biographical Sketches. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1995. • ^ a b Eliot, Joshua; Liz Capaldi; Jane Bickersteth (2001). Indonesia handbook, Volume 3.

Footprint Travel Guides. p. 244. ISBN 1-900949-51-2 . Retrieved 2010-09-06. • ^ Gupta, Praksh C. (1992). Control of tobacco-related cancers and other diseases: proceedings of an international symposium, January 15–19, 1990, TIFR, Bombay. {/INSERTKEYS}

smoke indonesia

Prakash C. Gupta. p. 16. ISBN 0-19-562961-2. Retrieved 2010-09-06. • ^ Macleod, Mudo J.; Evelyn Sakakida Rawski (1998). European intruders and changes in behaviour and customs in Africa, America, and Asia before 1800: Snippet View.

Ashgate. ISBN 0-86078-522-X. Retrieved 2010-09-06. • ^ a b Reynolds, Catherine (1 March 1999). "The fourth largest market in the world". Tobacco Control. 8 (1): 89–91.

doi: 10.1136/tc.8.1.89. ISSN 0964-4563. PMC 1763937. PMID 10465825. • ^ Delnevo, Cristine D.; Hrywna, Mary (1 December 2015). "Clove cigar sales following the US flavoured cigarette ban". Tobacco Control. 24 (e4): e246–e250. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051415. ISSN 0964-4563. PMID 24652459. S2CID 207035108. • ^ Danubrata, Eveline; Beo Da Costa, Agustinus (30 March 2017).

"Exclusive: Indonesia eyes decree on tobacco after bill runs into opposition". Reuters. Retrieved 19 May 2018. • ^ a b The Report: Indonesia 2009. Oxford Business Group.

2009. p. 123. ISBN 978-1-907065-05-7. Retrieved 2010-09-06. • ^ Endah Hapsari (May 30, 2012). " 'Pembunuh Sadis' Ini Menewaskan 300 Ribu Orang Tiap Tahun" (in Indonesian).

Republika Online. Retrieved 2013-08-10. • ^ "Indonesia's smoking toddler kicks the habit". The Associated Press. September 3, 2010. Archived from the original on 2010-09-06. Retrieved 2010-09-06 – via Yahoo! News. • ^ "Indonesia". Tobacco Control Laws. Smoke indonesia December 25, 2020.

• ^ Vania Rossa; Dini Afrianti Efendi (November 10, 2021). "Jelang HKN 2021, Indonesia Jadi Satu-Satunya Negara di Dunia yang Izinkan Iklan Rokok". (in Indonesian). Retrieved November 12, 2021. • ^ Tony Sitathan (July 11, 2003). "Indonesia: Smoke, Smoke, Smoke that Cigarette". Asian Times. Archived from the original on August 2, 2003. Retrieved September 3, 2010. {{ cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL ( link) • ^ Gloria Setyvani Putri (September 9, 2019).

"Menurut WHO, Djarum Memang Tidak Boleh Sponsori Event Olahraga". (in Indonesian). Retrieved December 25, 2020. • ^ a b "Toddler Who Smoked 40 a Day Kicks Habit". Yahoo! News. Archived from the original on September 5, 2010.

Retrieved September 3, 2010. • ^ Jewel Topsfield, Indonesia's 'smoking baby' kicked his habit but the battle against tobacco rages on Sydney Morning Herald, June 17, 2017 • ^ "Indonesia: Smoke, smoke, smoke that cigarette". Asian Times. July 11, 2003. Archived from the original on August 2, 2003. Retrieved September 3, 2010. {{ cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL ( link) External links [ edit ] • Tobaccoland, a Vice documentary on the total lack of tobacco regulations in Indonesia.

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As he blows rings high above his head, 14-year-old Faisan explains why he has just bought his third cigarette of the day. "When I have a problem to solve – and I have so many problems at school – I have a smoke," he says.

"It relaxes me and makes me forget." In most other countries, the fact Faisan is an underage and regular smoker would be startling. But in Indonesia, he is but one of thousands across the archipelago – a nation of islands where nearly 70% of men aged 20 and over smoke, and where the average starting age has fallen from 19 a decade ago to just seven today, activists say. There is no minimum age limit on smoking or buying cigarettes in Smoke indonesia, which explains why videos smoke indonesia smoking Indonesian toddlers exist on YouTube – such as that of two-year-old Sumatran Ardi Rizal, who regularly smoked 40 cigarettes a day before undergoing treatment.

Last week, another child – this one, eight-year-old Ilham on the island of Java – made local headlines for smoking two packs a day and flying into a rage if he couldn't have his fix. "He spends his whole day smoking and playing," his father told local news agency Antara, adding that Ilham, who started smoking aged four, would "smash glass windows or whatever's around" if he wasn't allowed to smoke.

Although half of Indonesia's population survives on less than £1.20 a day, cigarettes are the second-largest household expenditure after food, according to official statistics. "Smoking is a rite of passage here," explains office clerk Andre Kuntaro, 23. "If you don't smoke, it's like you're not Indonesian." According to the National Commission for Children's Protection, nearly 2% of Indonesian children start smoking at the age of four.

The World Health Organisation says the practice has risen 600% in the past 40 years in this nation of 240 million, where, despite increased taxes on tobacco, a standard pack of 20 costs only around 75p, with many street stalls selling single sticks for as little as 1,000 rupiah (about seven pence). Anti-smoking activists smoke indonesia long pointed to Indonesia's feeble industry regulations, as well as its failure to ratify the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, as proof that the government is doing too smoke indonesia to tackle a massive problem.

smoke indonesia the umpteenth time, the Indonesian government is reminded by these child smokers that smoking addiction in Indonesia has already reached full alert, is real and smoke indonesia further handling," said Arist Merdeka Sirait of the National Commission for Children's Protection.

The commission aims to sue all cigarette manufacturers that market their products in Indonesia and has called for a ban on all tobacco advertisements, as well as for producers to provide health facilities to treat nicotine addiction. Smoking is a way of life Dr Boy Luwia, who heads a free health clinic for low-income groups in Tangerang, 15 miles west of the capital, Jakarta, says that smoking is "a smoke indonesia of life in Indonesia" and that most patients never consider quitting "until they get so sick they have to".

"For young smokers, quitting is very, very difficult. Unfortunately, for those of any age who want to stop, I can't recommend them standard therapies like the patch or nicotine gum, because they can't afford them. So I just suggest they try something else, another activity." Indonesian doctors know their "suggestions" are nearly meaningless without government help, but they argue there is little else they can do. So many Indonesians, too poor – and too addicted – to quit their habit, continue to smoke despite knowing they are harming themselves.

smoke indonesia

"I really want to stop smoking – I try to every day – but it's impossible, I need it," says Jakarta-based student Teddy Iswarita, 25, who took his first puff at 12 and has smoked a pack a day ever since.

"My doctor told me to imagine something positive instead, like candy, every time I want a cigarette, but that didn't work. All my friends smoke, my family smokes, the whole city smokes.

I figure I'll be smoking until I die, and maybe that's why I will die." According to the WHO, smoking claims around 425,000 Indonesian lives a year and is responsible for nearly a quarter of all annual deaths. Though the practice is banned in an ever-increasing number of public areas, including healthcare facilities, public transport, schools and universities, everywhere else – from restaurants to indoor offices – it is permitted.

Cigarette adverts – many of them showing fit, happy, middle-class Indonesians – are plastered everywhere: on billboards, along roads, in magazines, in newspapers and on TV. Television adverts often depict teens in absurdly inspirational circumstances, climbing mountains, smoke indonesia on adversaries, and living their dreams in a world where courage, adventure, freedom, independence, romance and excitement rule.

Many of the bigger brands' adverts have found a viral home on YouTube, where videos such as those from Sampoerna's "Go Ahead" campaign – clearly targeted at Indonesia's upmarket, internationally aware youth with its Britpop music backdrop – show a glossy production of teens haunted by their black-clad alter egos until they are brave enough to carve out their own destiny.

School sports event Sampoerna is the country's largest cigarette maker and is owned by Philip Morris. In other adverts by popular brands Gudang Garam and LA Lights, messages reading "Others are acting, but I'm the real thing" and "Real freedom comes from following your heart" flash at the end. Many such brands are major sponsors of youth-oriented nights out such as music concerts and cultural events, and sometimes sponsor school smoke indonesia events.

"Things are better now than they were several years ago, but when we talk about tobacco, we're talking about big companies and the government," says Dr Dita of the independent Indonesian Cancer Fund, smoke indonesia to the fact the tobacco industry currently employs thousands across Indonesia and is estimated to generate $7bn (£4.4bn) in revenue for the Indonesian government every year.

The wealthiest man in Indonesia, Robert Budi Hartono, is a tobacco billionaire and owner of Djarum, the world's third-largest producer of clove cigarettes. It is perhaps telling that smoking is primarily a man's activity. The number of women smoking in Indonesia is extremely low – at just 5% of the female population compared with 20% in the UK. While some women themselves argue that it is "dirty and ugly", social stigma also surrounds their taking up the practice, with many men citing it as "too unhealthy, dangerous and bad".

"I wouldn't want my girlfriend to ever smoke," says 14-year-old Faisan. "Women have babies and if they smoke then that's bad for the baby.

So they should never start."

Smoke Effect Keren