Revenant meaning

revenant meaning

Their fears, however, are revenant meaning with they hear the pacing of stiffened footsteps and a familiar voice calling out in the night. It is hunting those who have done it wrong during its lifetime and no mortal man will be able to stand against this evil spirit revenant meaning the hours of the night.

Only when the day breaks again will they be able to go to the grave revenant meaning the unfortunate soul and destroy the corpse so that it cannot return from the land of the dead. Until then however, the town will be at the mercy of this vile revenant.

What is a Revenant? A revenant is a creature that caused much fear in the hearts of the living. It was said that when a wicked person died, their restless spirits were sometimes able to reanimate their corpse from beyond the grave in order to carry out their malevolent intent.

Though it was common knowledge that a revenant had to have been wicked or engaged in dark practices when they were living, no one was certain what caused certain wicked people to reclaim their bodies after death while others seemed content to ‘rest in peace.’ Because of this, revenants were greatly feared.

It was sometimes thought that the souls that created revenants were associated with a different type of evil than the average wrongdoer.

Types of Revanents Perhaps something that made revenants unique was that there could be different variations of revenants that came back to haunt the living.

All that was required to create a revenant was a restless and vengeful spirit that had lived a wicked life when it walked among the living. Because these requirements were fairly loose, this opened the categories of revenants significantly. It was believed that other evil beings could come back as revenants as well. Perhaps most notable are the accounts of supposed werewolves that came back to haunt the living because they had not been properly killed. These revenant werewolves were said to roam battlefields and drink the blood of dead soldiers.

With the addition of other mythical beings like werewolves and witches being able to come back as a revenant, it is understandable that these creatures posed such a threat to developing societies.

Though it revenant meaning agreed that the majority of revenants seem to be possessed by a need to come back and continue the wicked agenda they carried out during their days among the living, there are some accounts of revenants who seemed to be motivated by their violent and often tragic deaths.

revenant meaning

Typically, revenants who were not violent or wicked during their lifetime but experienced a tragic or gruesome death were known to come back in order to harass living relatives. It is noted, however, that some of these creatures had a much more sinister agenda. Some revenants who were not wicked in their lifetime are said to come back with the sole purpose revenant meaning exacting revenge on their murderer. Although there seem to be many notable subcategories of revenants, the word for which the creature is named doesn’t suggest a limitation for who or what could be considered a revenant.

revenant meaning

The word ‘revenant’ is said to be derived from the Latin word ‘revenans’ which is said to mean ‘returning.’ This word was used to describe the manner in which the monster manifested itself – as a reanimated corpse instead of a ghost or demonic entity.

It is, however, important to note that there seem to be variations of revenants that allow for ghostly categorizing. Revenants who appear in ghostly form are said to take the appearance of their corpse in most cases, though there are revenant ghosts who can be identified because they appear soon after a corpse has been buried and are uncommonly clean as well as surprisingly overdressed.

Other than taking a ghostly form, these revenants tend to follow the same rules as others who have come back from the land of the dead. Common Practices of Revenants Revenants are most commonly motivated by revenge and a restless spirit that feels its work in the land of the living has been left unfinished.

Because of this, they will come back – either to haunt their living relatives, kill living people it holds a grudge against, or spread pestilence and disease. It is thought that their spirits are so dissatisfied that they are able to reanimate their bodies and dig their way out of the graves they were interred inside. According to most legends, the revenant only holds power during the hours of the night.

During the daylight hours, the creature is forced to retreat to its grave and sleep in a state of suspension that appeared similar to death, but was not thought to actually be death.

Although there are revenant meaning of tales that tell of revenants who came back to life to hunt and haunt specific people, the majority of revenant stories consist of the creature seeking to spread death and disease among surviving members of their village.

Because of this, it is often hypothesized that tales of the revenant came into being when people happened across a dead body that was in a revenant meaning of decomposition that was unfamiliar to the living at that point in time. Physical Appearance The appearance of the revenant is often gruesome and difficult to behold. The disgusting creature is thought to have reanimated its body and dug its way out from its own grave in order to terrorize certain people it holds a grudge against or entire villages.

The revenant is most commonly associated with death and disease because of its ghastly appearance. It is said that the revenant almost always appears in a body that has begun to decay, but has not decomposed to the point that it can’t be recognized by those who knew it in life.

Although plenty of witnesses claimed to have seen a revenant in their revenant meaning, it was often said that a revenant could be detected long before it came into view because of its foul smell. This creature was said to smell of decomposition so revenant meaning that it could be identified from many yards.

In addition to having a terrible odor, the revenant is said to have rotting teeth and sunken eyes that are thought to glow red. The fingernails of a revenant meaning are described as being bloody and jagged from the tremendous effort it took to dig themselves out of their graves. Its clothes are usually in a similar state of decay and destruction as they are often torn in the process of the corpse escaping from its coffin. The body of the revenant is a fearful sight to behold.

It is often said to be missing significant chunks of flesh that often reveal its bones and internal organs. If the revenant did have skin, it was often reported to hang from the lifeless limbs of revenant meaning creature in shreds. Those who were unfortunate enough to have seen revenants in person also reported these creatures as having many maggots and worms inside their open wounds.

These maggots and worms were also said to be found in other openings in the body such as the eyes and mouth. The bodies of these creatures are always said to be swollen with the blood of the victims they’ve murdered, though their reason for drinking blood is unknown.

As far as witnesses have been able to observe, a revenant does not need blood or any other sustenance to survive. It is most commonly hypothesized that the drinking of blood is an act of pure violence, which helps to separate revenants from vampires in that they are revenant meaning dependent on blood to continue their existence.

Why Does a Revenant Come Back from revenant meaning Dead? Though it is thought that revenants may come back from the dead for a variety of reasons, it is safe to conclude that a revenant is always motivated by business that they perceive to be unfinished. Leaving their lives without completing a purpose causes their souls to become restless and is often thought to cause them to repossess their once living corpse and walk among the living again.

In the majority of revenant cases, it is said that the resurrected individual had a wicked spirit when revenant meaning walked among the living and were too restless to simply lay in peace for the rest of eternity. Instead, their spirits are driven to reanimate their bodies and terrorize the living that they left behind when the passed into the afterlife.

revenant meaning

Other revenants seem to have resurrected because of the nature of their death. This is especially common for people who died brutal deaths or were murdered. These types of revenants are known to harass their living relatives. In some cases, these revenants return from the dead in order to exact their revenge revenant meaning their murderers.

Sometimes this is done through bringing sickness and disease to the guilty households, while in other cases the revenant seeks to kill specific people that were somehow involved in its demise.

Getting Rid of Revenants Because revenants are seen as disturbed spirits that are driven to reanimate their corpses, the only way to put a revenant to rest is to dig up its grave during the safety of the daylight revenant meaning. While there have been attempts to bring down a revenant during the night hours when they walk among the living, this is considered to be dangerous and extremely difficult.

It was common practice to attempt to put the revenant to rest by digging up its grave during daylight hours and decapitating the corpse. The heart must then be staked or removed and then destroyed.

After this, the corpse was either burned or sprinkled with holy water before being reinterred. This was thought to help with keeping the revenant from rising again. The head was often disposed of separately. Sometimes it was also burned and the ashes were either buried on consecrated ground or scattered to the four winds.

Other times, the head was thrown into a river or lake. It was thought that the many revenant meaning of the evil sinner would weigh down the head enough to prevent the revenant from rising again. Revenants and Hallows Eve Hallows Eve was seen as a way to get rid of many evil spirits and revenants were no exception.

These creatures were commonly included in the yearly celebration because it was thought that issues with the deadly beings revenant meaning be avoided if they were properly celebrated and guided into the afterlife. It was thought to be a celebration that was mutually beneficial because the living would be able to go on without fear of the dreadful creatures and the dead would be guided into an afterlife that was presumed to be much more pleasant than continuing to roam the Earth.

During Hallows Eve, people would pray for the dead and recently departed to help guide them into the afterlife. They would also pray for those trapped in purgatory in the hopes that their prayers would help their dead relatives ascend into eternal paradise. Although Hallows Eve was seen as a time when the world could be rid of evil creatures like the revenant, precautions were still taken to ensure the safety revenant meaning all those who participated.

This often included leaving small food and drink sacrifices for those who had recently died and protecting oneself by dressing as the opposite gender or as a certain kind of revenant. This was thought to prevent spirits from taking out their wrath on the living by confusing them with different garb and making them more docile with earthly luxuries to ease their suffering.

Stories of Revenants William Of Newburgh William of Newburgh is known to have recorded a significant number of supposed revenants as a warning to future generations and perhaps as an instructional guide on how to deal with the gruesome creatures. He is known to have recorded many stories, but two in particular stand out from the rest. The first story tells of an evil man who fled from his sins and eventually settled down and was married.

The revenant meaning bliss did not last long, however, as he soon became jealous of his wife and suspected she was having an affair with a lover. He is said to have hidden in the rafters of his home and spied on his wife.

He saw her engaging in sexual acts with a young man from their village and, in his rage, fell from the rafters and was gravely wounded. Several days later, he died from his wounds and was given a Christian burial. Despite being laid to rest, the man came back as a revenant and began to terrorize the villagers. He wandered the night and ambushed whatever unfortunate souls revenant meaning could find, killing as many as he could.

All of his victims were male – perhaps because of his rage when he discovered his wife’s affair. This caused the villagers to dig up his grave an exhume the body. When this was done, his corpse was found to be swollen in size, and when the corpse was punctured it was found to spew forth blood. It was believed this was because the corpse of the man had drank the blood of the villagers that had been murdered.

They decapitated the corpses’ head, destroyed its heart, and set the body on fire. This was thought to have rid the village of the revenant. Another story recorded by William of Newburgh suggests that not all revenants had such malicious purpose. This story tells of a woman whose husband revenant meaning recently died. To her shock and terror, he revived from his grave and paid a visit to her bedchamber, nearly crushing her with his weight in the process.

He continued to visit her for three nights before extending his nightly visits to other relatives and neighbors. According to the story, the revenant became so problematic that a bishop was called to solve the problem. It was decided that the man’s tomb should be reopened and a letter should be placed on his chest. The tomb was then re-interred and sealed. Whatever had been done seemed to fix the problem and the man was able to rest in peace. Abbot of Burton In the year 1090, two peasants ran away and were buried in the town cemetery.

Abbot of Burton recorded the story and reported that the very next day, the corpses of the peasants could be seen walking through village, carrying the coffins they had been buried in.

They seemed to be able to shift from the shape of a man to that of an animal and knocked on the walls of houses in the village, telling others to join them. Soon after this happened, the villagers became sick and started dying. Revenant meaning was soon determined, however, that the two peasants had become revenants. Their bodies were exhumed and decapitated, and their hearts were destroyed. As soon as these practices had been employed, the sickness in the village stopped. Walter Map A famous chronicler named Walter Map was known to have written a tale that spoke of an evil man who was able to revive himself from the dead and come back to haunt the streets of Hereford.

He was reported to call out the names of individuals that would supposedly die within the next three days. A bishop was called to solve the problem and he declared the vile man to be a revenant. He told the townspeople to dig up the body and cut off the head, then sprinkle the body with holy water.

This was thought to purify the body and allow it to rest in the afterlife. No problems were reported after these steps were followed. Possible Inspiration for Revenants Vampires Many who examine the stories of the revenants are quick to point to vampire lore. While it is true that both vampires and revenants are known to drink the blood of their victims, it appears they do so for two very different reasons. According to vampire mythology, it is necessary for the creature to drink blood in order to survive.

Without blood, the creature would become severely malnourished and may even die. According to revenant lore, the creatures do not need blood to survive (or any other sort of sustenance) and appear to drink the blood of their victims as an act of pure violence and hatred.

Because of these differences, it is unlikely that the revenants were intended to resemble an alternative type of vampire, though there are many who argue that the drinking of a victim’s blood could have been borrowed from vampire lore. Werewolves Werewolves were known to be produced by those who charmed wolves or had contact with the devil and were given a wolf skin to roam with in the night.

These creatures were greatly feared and whenever a werewolf was suspected in a community they were often executed quickly along with their closest friends and family. Because werewolves were thought to have magical powers, it was considered especially difficult to ensure that the creatures stayed dead after they were executed. Because of this, it was quite revenant meaning to hear of stories where werewolves rose from their graves and came back to haunt the living.

These stories often started with the brutal slaughter of those responsible for the werewolves death, though this was not always the case. For some reason or another, werewolf revenants were thought to be especially fond of haunting battlefields and other areas that had been or were about to be devastated by war.

They were said to lie in wait for soldiers to sustain revenant meaning so they could drink the blood of dead and dying soldiers before having to return to their gravesites in the morning.

Zombies There are many similarities between zombies and revenants – perhaps the most similarities out of all the other types of undead. However, revenants are not zombies and are given their own distinct category. The most important difference between a revenant and a zombie is that a revenant chooses to reanimate its corpse whereas a zombie is typically brought back from the dead by anothers powers.

Similarly, while a zombie is typically at the disposal of the person or power that brought it back into existence, a revenant has its own agenda and is in control of its own actions. Draugr A draugr (sometimes spelled ‘draugar’) is an undead creature that appears in Norse mythology. These types of revenant meaning often guard some sort of treasure that was buried with them and are said to have supernatural strength.

Perhaps most interesting about this version of the revenant is that the there are supposedly sea draugr and land draugr. Incubus In a dissertation called Daemonologie, King James of Britain writes that incubi sometimes use tactics similar to that of a revenant when trying to have sexual relations with women.

Supposedly, these creatures are revenant meaning to possess and reanimate a dead body in order to have sex with a woman. Explanation of the Myth There are many different speculations as for what could have caused the widespread fear for revenants, though the most common and perhaps logical is that bodies which were not buried deep enough were sometimes unearthed and made known to civilians.

It is thought that the advanced decomposition would have been ghastly and monstrous to these people who didn’t understand that this was the natural process of decomposition. The idea for a body to swell up with blood as a natural part of the decaying process would have seemed alien to these people. It is well known that corpses who were not buried properly pose risk of spreading disease to a community, so this would explain the major theme of death and disease being spread by revenants.

Cataplexy Cataplexy is a condition that affects nearly revenant meaning percent of people who suffer from narcolepsy. The disease is characterized by sudden muscle weakness that could manifest itself as the loosening of muscles in the face or, in more serious cases, entire muscle paralysis and the collapse of the entire body.

During this period, the individual maintains full consciousness, but is unable to move or communicate. It is thought that sufferers of this condition could be the cause of the revenant folklore.

If a person with cataplexy was buried mistakenly, they would likely dig themselves out of their graves frantically.

People of that time period would not have the knowledge that this medical condition wasn’t harmful and would have likely continued to think of the person as being deceased. This explanation would have made for a much more sorrowful explanation, as the fear that these sufferers of cataplexy invoked caused their fellow citizens to take extreme (and often gruesome) measures to ensure they stayed buried below ground.

Sorry, but call all undead as zombie is correct, the meaning of that word is walking dead, and only the slaves used in Haiti called zombie only the mindless slave.

Other tribes from Africa used that word for a lot of undead creatures, who were classified as ghosts and vampires by european folklorists. technically are intelligent/vengeful zombies. If you’re a Leonardo DiCaprio fan, you’ve likely seen the 2015 American epic survival drama film called The Revenant — but do you know what the word revenant means? In this article, we’ll provide you with all of the information you need to know about the term revenant, including its definition, origin, synonyms, antonyms, and more.

If you’ve ever wondered what revenant means or how to properly use it in a sentence — keep reading. What Is the Definition of Revenant? The word revenant can be used in the English language as a noun or an adjective, with slight variations within each definition. We have scoured the likes of Cambridge English Dictionary and other trusted sources to help get to the bottom of every definition. Below you will find a list of the varying definitions and example uses of revenant: • Adjective — Used in reference to “coming back,” like a revenant ghost • Noun — Defined as someone who has seemingly returned from the dead • Adjective — Used to reference a certain type of a revenant, like a revenant groan or a revenant shriek • Noun — Any thing or person that has returned after an absence (usually following a prolonged period) Revenant is most commonly defined as someone who has returned, although even then, it is revenant meaning the most commonly used word and should always be used with proper context so as to not confuse your readers or peers.

What Are Example Sentences Using Revenant Since we have taken the time to learn all the varying definitions of revenant, a good way to memorize all this new information is by practicing to use the word in a sentence. Below you will find a few examples of the proper usage of the word revenant meaning.

After reviewing our examples, quiz yourself to see how many sentences you can come up with on your own! I have this crazy fear that folklore will come true and revenants will rise from their graves to terrorize all of humanity.” For Halloween this year, I’m going to dress up as a revenant. When the fog disappeared, so did the revenants. Have you ever seen the movie called The Revenant featuring Leonardo DiCaprio? Whether you call them revenants or ghosts, spirits still give me the heebie-jeebies.

You may not believe in supernatural beings, but I wholeheartedly believe in revenants.” That is no random house; that is revenant meaning den of revenant ghosts. The psychic told me that I would be visited by a revenant tomorrow night.

What Are Synonyms for Revenant? Now that you’re becoming better acquainted with the word revenant, let’s take a look at some synonyms and antonyms. Below you will find a list of synonyms provided by Power Thesaurus: • Evil spirit • Ghost • Conjuring trick • Apparition • Trompe l’oeil • Wraith • Familiar spirit • Phantasm • Undead • Bump in the night • Specter • Spook • Shade • Visitant • Zombie • Spirit • Bogey What Are Antonyms for Revenant?

Below you will find a list of antonyms provided by Power Thesaurus: • Physical body • Angel • God • Chance of a lifetime • Being • Human • Corporeal being • Individual • Blank • Voidness • Corporeality • Reality • Truth • Nothingness revenant meaning Gap • Person • Mortal • Character What Is the Etymology of Revenant?

Etymology refers to the study of how a word’s meaning has changed throughout history, as well as the study of revenant meaning origin. For some, studying the origin or etymology of a word can help them better grasp its current definition.

The word revenant, defined as “one who returns,” had its first noted use in the 19th century. Revenant derived from the Old French revenant (or the feminine revenante), the present participle of revenir, which literally means to revenant meaning. Translations of Revenant Around the Globe Only coming to be in the 19th century, some credit the 2015 film “The Revenant” for its now internationally widespread use.

The word revenant is now used in various languages around the world. Below you will find a list of translations of revenant from various languages provided by • Polish — upiór, zombie • Turkish — revenant • Czech — zmrtvýchvstalý • German — wiedergänger, wiedergängerin • Finnish — kuolleista noussut • Japanese — 亡霊 • Portuguese — revenant • Russian — привидение, человек, призрак, зомби • Danish — genganger • Latin — nuntius Recap The word revenant can be used as an adjective or a noun and refers to any one person or thing that comes back after an extended period of time.

If your bird goes missing for weeks, only to fly back into your house one morning, you could describe your beloved pet as a revenant.

In other words, anyone who comes back after being gone for a long period can typically be described as revenant. The term revenant can also be used when referencing spirits or ghosts. Sources: • Revenant synonyms – 119 Words and Phrases for Revenant - Power Thesaurus • What does revenant mean? - • REVENANT - definition - Cambridge English Dictionary Kevin Miller is a growth marketer with an extensive background in Search Engine Optimization, paid acquisition and email marketing.

He is also an online editor and writer based out of Los Angeles, CA. He studied at Georgetown University, worked at Google and became infatuated with English Grammar and for years has been diving into the language, demystifying the do's and don'ts for all who share the same passion!

He can be found online here.
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Link to this page: With Carey Mulligan (right) in The Great Gatsby With Kate Winslet (right) in Titanic PS1.763bn Film Year of release PS1.5bn 1 Titanic (1997) 2 Inception (2010) 3 The Revenant (2015) 4 Django Unchained (2012) 5 The Wolf of Wall Street (2013) 6 Catch Me if You Can (2002) 7 The Great Gatsby (2013) 8 Shutter Island (2010) 9 The Departed (2006) 10 The Aviator (2004) PS1bn PS0.5bn 0 12 3456 78910 = production cost = global box office Worldwide box office of stars in leading roles 1 Samuel L.

Screencap from The Revenant's Official Trailer showing DiCaprio, February 8, 2018 -- Photo courtesy of 20th Century Fox's Youtube channel CAIRO -- 8 February 2018: The 2015 adventure/drama film 'The Revenant', starring Leonardo DiCaprio, will screen at Room Art Space & Cafe on February 11, 2018, as part of their 'Film Coffee Night'. • ▲ • Revealed theology • revealer • revealing • revealingly • revealment • revegetate • revehent • reveille • revel • Revelate • revelation • Revelation of Saint John the Divine • revelationist • revelative • revelator • revelatory • reveler • Revellent • reveller • Revelment • Revelous • revelrous • Revelrout • Revel-rout • revelry • revenant • revendicate • revendication • revenge • revenge porn • Revengeable • Revengeance • revengeful • revengefully • Revengeless • revengement • revenger • revenging • revengive • revenual • revenue • revenue bond • revenue cutter • revenue enhancement • revenue sharing • revenue stamp • revenue tariff • revenuer • reverb • reverberance • reverberant • ▼ • ▲ • revellers • revelling • revelling • revelling • revelling • Revelment • Revelment • Revelment • Revelous • revelries • revelries • revelries • revelrous • revelrous • revelrous • Revelrout • revelry • revelry • revelry • revels • revels • revels • revels • Revels, Hiram Rhodes • Revelstoke • Revelstoke Airport Revelstoke • Revelstoke Community Forest Corporation • Revelstoke Mountain Resort • Revelstoke School Band Association • Revelstoke Youth Soccer Association • revenant • revenants • Revendicate • Revendication • Revendication • revenge • revenge • revenge • revenge (oneself) (up)on (someone or something) • revenge herself on • revenge herself upon • revenge himself on • revenge himself upon • revenge is a dish best eaten cold • revenge is a dish best eaten cold • revenge is a dish best eaten cold • Revenge is a dish best eaten cold.

• Revenge is a dish best served cold • Revenge is a dish best served cold • Revenge is a dish best served cold • Revenge is a dish best served cold • Revenge is a dish best served cold. • Revenge is sweet • revenge myself on • revenge myself upon • Revenge of the Fallen • Revenge of the Jedi • Revenge of the Mummy • Revenge of the Mutant Camels • Revenge of the Nail • Revenge of the Nerds • ▼ • • Terms of Use • Privacy policy • Feedback • Advertise with Us Copyright © 2003-2022 Farlex, Inc Disclaimer All content on revenant meaning website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is revenant meaning informational purposes only.

This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. One revenant meaning my all-time favorite movies is the multiple-Oscar-winning revenant meaning movie, The Revenant (meaning one who returns, especially from the dead ). It is one of the most realistic, gritty, and magnificently beautiful depictions of life in the early frontier.

Viewing the movie, you can see, hear, smell, even feel the reality of that harsh but exciting existence. I also love the movie because it is based on a true story—one of the most amazing frontier stories ever told—of frontiersman Hugh Glass and his epic survival in the wilderness after being mauled nearly to death by a grizzly, then left for dead by his companions.

Glass was born to immigrant Irish parents in Pennsylvania and at an early age took off to seek adventure. In 1822 he joined General William Ashley’s corps of 100 men to ascend to the Missouri River as part of a fur-trading venture. Many of the men of the corps would later become famous frontiersmen, including James Beckwourth, Thomas Fitzpatrick, and Jim Revenant meaning, in addition to Hugh Glass.

In the first year of the expedition, Glass was shot in the leg by attacking Arikara. Frontiersmen were successful in trading with many tribes and cultivated cordial relationships, but the Arikara remained distrustful of and hostile to the early whites. The next year the corps set out to explore the Yellowstone River when Glass, scouting revenant meaning game for the expedition near Grand River (in today’s Perkins County, South Dakota) when he surprised a she-bear with two cubs.

She charged, picked him up and shook him several times, pinned revenant meaning to the ground, clawed him and took his flesh in her jaws, ripping his back and chest open, leaving the ribs exposed. He was left mortally mauled. The corps carried Glass on a litter for two days, but slowed the pace. Two volunteers, Thomas Fitzpatrick and Jim Bridger, offered to stay with him until he died. They later claimed that they began digging his grave, when Arikara attacked.

They grabbed all the arms and equipment, including Glass’s rifle and knife, and left him for dead, completely defenseless. Later, when they caught up with the corps, Fitzgerald and Bridger reported to the general that Glass had died. But the story does not end there. Glass regained consciousness. He had lost a great deal of blood, his leg was broken, his back mutilated and his chest ripped open. He was 200 miles from the nearest settlement, Fort Kiowa.

Glass set the bone on his own leg and bound his wounds with grass and a mud poultice. Cloaked in a bear hide revenant meaning had been left on him as a shroudhe began crawling toward Fort Kiowa.

revenant meaning

He allowed the maggots to thrive in revenant meaning wounds, eating the rotting flesh to prevent gangrene. The 2015 movie, The Revenant, directed by Alejandro G. Iñárritu and starring Leonardo DiCaprio as Hugh Glass, retells the survival story with gritty realism and gory detail against a backdrop of the West’s magnificent grandeur. The movie received 12 nominations and won Best Director, Best Actor, and Best Cinematography.

The film was shot in twelve locations in three countries: Canada, the United States, and Argentina. Filming was done under notoriously harsh conditions. In the movie, along Glass’s journey, he is attacked by Arikara and escapes on an Appaloosa horse he had absconded with and, in a wild chase, his horse leaps over a cliff with a waterfall to its death. The waterfall scene was filmed at the Kootenai Falls near Libby, Montana.

In order to keep from freezing to death, DiCaprio as Glass slits open his horse’s underbelly, pulls out all the innards and crawls into the carcass. He later found Fitzgerald at Fort Atkinson, Nebraska, as a soldier. There, Glass was told by an Army captain he would be hung for killing an Army soldier. Fitzgerald was forced revenant meaning return Glass’s gun and compensate him with $300, an immense amount of money for the day. Glass, however, told Fitzgerald that if he ever left the Army, he'd kill him.

Glass revenant meaning on to work for General Ashley for ten more years, until he was attacked by his old enemies, The Arikara, and killed in 1833 on the Yellowstone River. Today, a powerful monument—an iron sculpture depicting Glass fighting the grizzly—stands near the site of his mauling.

But his legacy lives on, a paean to the miraculous grit and fortitude of the early frontiersmen who paved the way for western expansion in the American frontier.
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What is a revenant?

For much of 2016, revenant was among our top lookups, doubtless because it was prominently featured in the title of a movie ( The Revenant meaning released in 2015. Outside of contemporary cinema, revenant is encountered rarely, and it appears likely that many users who were unfamiliar with the word wished to learn more about its meaning and perhaps where it came from.

Denoting “one that returns after death or a long revenant meaning revenant is a borrowing from French that was originally formed from the present participle of the verb revenir ("to return"). It literally means “one coming back,” either from another place or from the dead. Recent Examples on the Web Shirking death, Mara returns as an undead revenant, a Strigoi.

— Jamie Lang, Variety, 17 Sep. revenant meaning Candyman’s curse, eventually taking on the revenant’s lingering wound and characteristic aura of swarming bees, harbingers of vengeance.

— Armond White, National Review, 1 Sep. 2021 Whether the subject is abuse or apartheid, an individual or a nation, Rose maintains that what’s hastily buried will rise up like a revenant. — Christine Smallwood, The New York Review of Books, 6 July 2021 Yet nothing seems to work, and as the requests rampage, the fatal day returns to the song like a revenant, one more time.

— Sean Wilentz, The New York Review of Books, 19 June 2021 Petrie repeatedly refers to Elefantin as an apparition, a revenant, an illusion. — Washington Post, 16 Apr. 2021 On the political level, the second part of the Biden plan—becoming president—has made him a revenant. — Fintan O’toole, The New York Review of Books, 7 Jan. 2020 Gyllenhaal makes him a haunting, hollow-eyed revenant—he is changed in at least one respect, having learned all too well the fearsome power of fire.

— Joe Morgenstern, WSJ, 18 Oct. 2018 The Earp homestead is built on a bedrock of ammonite, which acts as a powerful revenant repellant. — Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, 2 Oct. 2018 See More These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'revenant.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback. • Browse the Dictionary: • a • b • c • d • e • f • g • h • i • j • k • l • m • n • o • p • q • r • s • t • u • v • w • x • y • z • 0-9 • Home • Help • About Us • Shop • Advertising Info • Dictionary API • Contact Us • Join MWU • Videos • Word of the Year • Vocabulary Resources • Law Dictionary • Medical Dictionary • Privacy Policy • Terms of Use • Browse the Thesaurus • Browse the Medical Dictionary • Browse the Legal Dictionary © 2022 Merriam-Webster, IncorporatedGrouping Legendary creature Sub grouping Undead Region The Americas, Europe, Asia, West Indies, Africa [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] In folklore, a revenant is an animated corpse that is believed to have been revived from death to haunt the living.

[6] [7] The word revenant is derived from the Old French word, revenant meaning, the "returning" (see also the related French verb revenir, meaning "to come back").

Revenants are part of the legend of various cultures, including Old Irish Celtic and Norse mythology, [8] and stories of supposed revenant visitations were documented by English historians in the Middle Ages. [9] Contents • 1 Comparison to other folkloristic and mythological undead • 2 Selected stories • 2.1 William of Newburgh • 2.2 Abbot of Burton • 2.3 Walter Map • 3 See also • revenant meaning Notes • 5 References • 6 Further reading • 7 External links Comparison to other folkloristic and mythological undead [ edit ] The term "revenant" has been used interchangeably with "ghost" by folklorists.

[10] While some maintain that vampires derive from Eastern European folklore and revenants derive from Western European folklore, many assert that revenant is a generic term for the undead. [11] Augustin Calmet conducted extensive research on the topic in his work titled Traité sur les apparitions des esprits et sur les vampires ou les revenans de Hongrie, de Moravie, &c. (1751) in which he relates the rumors of men at the time: [12] Calmet compares the ideas of the Greek and Egyptian ancients and notes an old belief that magic could not only cause death but also evoke the souls of the deceased as well.

Calmet ascribed revenants to sorcerers who sucked the blood of victims and compares instances of revenants mentioned in the twelfth century in England and Denmark as similar to those of Hungary, but "in no history do we read anything so usual or so pronounced, as what is related to us of the vampires of Poland, Hungary, and Moravia." [10] [13] A possible precursor of the revenant legend appears in Norse mythology, called the draugr or aptrgangr (literally "again-walker", meaning one who walks after death).

Stories involving the draugr often involve confrontations with the creature. The draugr resists intruders to its burial mound and is often immune to conventional weapons, which renders the destruction of its body a dangerous affair to be undertaken by individual heroes.

[9] In the folklore and ghost stories of Eastern Scandinavia, Finnish "dead-child beings" are described as revenants animated by revenant meaning spirits that could be laid to rest by performing baptism or other religious rites. [14] References to revenant-like beings in Caribbean lore are often referred to as "The soucouyant" or "soucriant" in Dominica, Trinidadian and Guadeloupean folklore, also known as Ole-Higue or Loup-garou elsewhere in the Caribbean.

[9] Selected stories [ edit ] William of Newburgh [ edit ] Belief in souls returning from the dead was common in the 12th century, and Historia by William of Newburgh (1136–1198) briefly recounts stories he heard about revenants, as do works by his contemporary, Walter Map.

[15] William wrote that stories of supposed revenants were a "warning to posterity" and so common that, "were I to write down all the instances of this kind which I have ascertained to have befallen in our times, the undertaking would be beyond measure laborious and troublesome." [16] According to William, "It would not be easy to believe that the corpses of the dead should sally (I know not by what agency) from their graves, and should wander about to the terror or destruction of the living, and again return to the tomb, which of its own accord spontaneously opened to receive them, did not frequent examples, occurring in our own times, suffice to establish this fact, to the truth of which there is abundant testimony." [16] One story involves a man of "evil conduct" absconding from justice, who fled from York and made the ill-fated choice to get married.

Becoming jealous of his wife, he hid in the rafters of his bedroom and caught her in an act of infidelity with a local young man, but then accidentally fell to the floor mortally wounding himself, and died a few days later. As Newburgh describes: A Christian burial, indeed, he received, though unworthy of it; but it did not much benefit him: for issuing, by the handiwork of Satan, from his grave at night-time, and pursued by a pack of dogs with horrible barkings, he wandered through the courts and around the houses while all men made fast revenant meaning doors, and did not dare to go abroad on any errand whatever from the beginning of the night until the sunrise, for fear of meeting and being beaten black and blue by this vagrant monster.

A number of the townspeople were killed by the monster and so: Thereupon snatching up a spade of but indifferent sharpness of edge, and hastening to the cemetery, they began to dig; and whilst they were thinking that they would have to dig to a greater depth, they suddenly, before much of the earth had been removed, laid bare the corpse, swollen to an enormous revenant meaning, with its countenance beyond measure turgid and suffused with blood; while the revenant meaning in which it had been wrapped appeared nearly torn to pieces.

The young men, however, spurred on by wrath, feared not, and inflicted a wound upon the senseless carcass, out of which incontinently flowed such a stream of blood, that it might have been taken for a leech filled with the blood of many persons. Then, dragging it beyond the village, they speedily constructed a funeral pile; and upon one of them saying that the pestilential body would not burn unless its heart were torn out, the other laid open its side by repeated blows of the blunted spade, and, thrusting in his hand, dragged out the accursed heart.

This being torn piecemeal, and the body now consigned to the flames. In another story Newburgh tells of a woman whose husband recently died. The husband revives from the dead and comes to visit her at night in her bedchamber and he ".not only terrified her on awaking, but nearly crushed her by the insupportable weight of his body." This happens for three nights, and the revenant then repeats these nocturnal visits with other nearby family and neighbours and ".thus become a like serious nuisance," eventually extending his walks in the broad daylight around the village.

Eventually the problem was solved by the bishop of Lincoln who wrote a letter of absolution, upon which the man's tomb was opened wherein it was seen his body was still there, the letter was placed on his chest, and the tomb sealed. [17] Abbot of Burton [ edit ] The English Abbot of Burton tells the story of two runaway peasants from about 1090 who died suddenly of unknown causes and were buried, but: the very same day in which they were interred revenant meaning appeared at evening, while the sun was still up, carrying on their shoulders the wooden coffins in which they had been buried.

The whole following night they walked through the paths and fields of the village, now in the shape of men carrying wooden coffins on their shoulders, now in the likeness of bears or dogs or other animals. They spoke to the other peasants, banging on the walls of their houses and shouting "Move quickly, move! Get going! Come!" The villagers became sick and started dying, but eventually the bodies of the revenants were exhumed, their heads cut off, and their hearts removed, which ended the spread of the sickness.

[18] Walter Map [ edit ] The chronicler Walter Map, a Welshman writing during the 12th century, tells of a "wicked man" in Hereford who revived from the dead and wandered the streets of his village at night calling out the names of those who would die of sickness within three days. The response by bishop Gilbert Foliot was "Dig up the body and cut off the head with a spade, sprinkle it with holy water and re-inter it". [19] See also [ edit ] • ^ Calmet, Augustin (30 December 2015).

Treatise on the Apparitions of Spirits and on Vampires or Revenants: of Hungary, Moravia, et al. The Complete Volumes I & Revenant meaning. 2016. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-5331-4568-0. • ^ "Deutsches Wörterbuch von Jacob Grimm und Wilhelm Grimm. 16 Bde. (in 32 Teilbänden). Leipzig: S. Hirzel 1854–1960" (in German). Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 2006-06-13. • ^ "Vampire". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary.

revenant meaning

Archived from the original on 2006-06-14. Retrieved 2006-06-13. • ^ "Trésor de la Langue Française informatisé" (in French). Archived from the original on 2012-05-26. Retrieved 2006-06-13. • ^ Dauzat, Albert (1938). Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue française (in French).

Paris: Librairie Larousse. OCLC 904687. • ^ Carl Lindahl; John McNamara; John Lindow (2000). Medieval Folklore: A Guide to Myths, Legends, Tales, Beliefs, and Customs. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-514771-1. • ^ England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings, see Chapter 11, Section 6 "Death and the Dead". • ^ Dealing With The Dead: Mortality and Community in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.

BRILL. 5 February 2018. pp. 24–. ISBN 978-90-04-35833-1. • ^ a b c June Michele Pulliam; Anthony J. Fonseca (26 September 2016). Ghosts in Popular Culture and Legend. ABC-CLIO. pp. 272–. ISBN 978-1-4408-3491-2. • ^ a b Heide Crawford (30 August 2016). The Origins of the Literary Vampire. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 14–. ISBN 978-1-4422-6675-9. • ^ Clifton D. Bryant; Dennis L.

Peck (15 July 2009). Encyclopedia of Death & Human Experience: 1. SAGE. pp. 1002–. ISBN 978-1-4129-5178-4. • ^ Calmet, Augustin (1751). Treatise on the Apparitions of Spirits and on Vampires revenant meaning Revenants: of Hungary, Moravia, et al.

The Complete Revenant meaning I & II. Translated by Rev Henry Christmas & Brett Warren. 2015. pp. 303–304.

revenant meaning

ISBN 1-5331-4568-7. • ^ Calmet, Augustin (1751). Treatise on the Apparitions of Spirits and on Vampires or Revenants: of Hungary, Moravia, et al.

The Complete Volumes I & II. Translated by Rev Henry Christmas & Brett Warren. 2015. p.

revenant meaning

305. ISBN 1-5331-4568-7. • ^ Anne O'Connor (2005). The Blessed and the Damned: Sinful Women and Unbaptised Children in Irish Folklore.

revenant meaning

Peter Lang. pp. 99–. ISBN 978-3-03910-541-0. • ^ David Keyworth (1 January 2007). Troublesome Corpses: Vampires & Revenants, from Antiquity to the Present. Desert Island Books. ISBN 978-1-905328-30-7. • ^ a b Historia rerum Anglicarum, Book 5, Ch. 24. • ^ Historia rerum Anglicarum, Book 5, Ch.

22. • ^ England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings, pg. 613. • ^ De nugis curialium, Book 2, Ch. 27. References [ edit ] revenant meaning Calmet, Augustine (1751). Treatise on the Apparitions of Spirits and on Vampires or Revenants: of Hungary, Moravia, et al. The Complete Volumes I & II. Translated by Rev Henry Christmas & Brett R Warren.

2015. pp. 303–305. ISBN 1-5331-4568-7. • Bartlett, Robert (2000). England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings 1075-1225.

Oxford. ISBN 0-19-925101-0. • Caciola, Nancy (1996). "Wraiths, Revenants and Ritual in Medieval Culture". Past & Present. 152 (152): 3–45. doi: 10.1093/past/152.1.3.

revenant meaning

JSTOR 651055. • Townsend, Dorian Aleksandra, From Upyr' to Vampire: The Slavic Vampire Myth in Russian Literature, Ph.D. Dissertation, School of German and Russian Studies, Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences, University of New South Wales, May 2011. • Walter Map, De nugis curialium. • William of Newburgh, Historia rerum Anglicarum (History of English Affairs), full text online.

Further reading [ edit ] • Caciola, Nancy Mandeville. "Revenants, Resurrection, and Burnt Sacrifice." In Afterlives: The Return of the Dead in the Middle Ages, 113–56. Cornell University Press, 2016. External links [ edit ] • The dictionary definition of revenant at Wiktionary Edit links • This page was last edited on 23 April 2022, at 13:30 (UTC). • Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0 ; additional terms may apply. By using this site, revenant meaning agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit revenant meaning.

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What is the meaning of the word REVENANT?