Arch linux

arch linux

About Arch Linux Arch Linux is an independently developed, x86-64 general purpose GNU/Linux distribution versatile enough to suit any role. Development focuses on simplicity, minimalism, and code elegance. Arch is installed as a minimal base system, configured by the user upon which their own ideal environment is assembled by installing only what is required or desired for their unique purposes. GUI configuration utilities are not officially provided, and most system configuration is performed from the shell by editing simple text files.

Arch strives to stay bleeding edge, and typically offers the latest stable versions of most software. Arch Linux uses its own Pacman package manager, which couples simple binary packages with an easy-to-use package build system. This allows users to easily manage and customize packages ranging from official Arch software to the user's own arch linux packages to packages from 3rd party sources. The repository system also allows users to easily build and maintain their own custom build scripts, packages, and repositories, encouraging community growth and contribution.

The minimal Arch base package set resides in the streamlined [core] repository. In addition, the official [extra], [community], and [testing] repositories provide several thousand high-quality packages to meet your software demands. Arch also offers the Arch Linux User Repository arch linux, which contains more than 49,000 build scripts, for compiling installable packages from source using the Arch Linux makepkg application.

Arch Linux uses a "rolling release" system which allows one-time installation and perpetual software upgrades. It is not generally necessary to reinstall or upgrade your Arch Linux system from one "version" to the next. By issuing one command, an Arch system is kept up-to-date and on the bleeding edge. Arch strives to keep its packages as close to the original upstream software as possible. Patches are applied only when necessary to ensure an application compiles and runs correctly with the other packages installed on an up-to-date Arch system.

To summarize: Arch Linux is a versatile, and simple distribution designed to fit the needs of the competent Linux® user. It is both powerful and easy to manage, making it an ideal distro for servers and workstations.

Arch linux it in any direction you like. If you share this vision of what a GNU/Linux distribution should be, then you are welcomed and encouraged to use it freely, get involved, and contribute to the community. Welcome to Arch! Copyright © 2002-2022 Judd Vinet, Aaron Griffin and Levente Polyák. The Arch Linux name and logo are recognized trademarks.

Some rights reserved. The registered trademark Linux® is used pursuant to a sublicense from LMI, the exclusive licensee of Linus Torvalds, owner of the mark on a world-wide basis.

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Shell Script• Compiling with g++• Tail command in Linux with examples• date command in Linux with examples• tr command in Unix/Linux with examples• Mutex lock for Linux Thread Synchronization• top command in Linux with Examples• wc command in Linux with examples• How to Hack WPA/WPA2 WiFi Using Kali Linux?• Piping in Unix or Linux• ps command in Linux with Examples• Head command in Linux with examples• Top Linux Distros to Consider in 2021• tee command in Linux with examples Arch Linux is an independent Linux distribution that adheres to the principles of simplicity, modernity, pragmatism, user centrality, and versatility.

It is a minimalist, lightweight, and bleeding edge distro targeting proficient GNU/Linux users over the idea of trying to be appealing to as many users as possible. Arch promotes the do-it-yourself (DIY) attitude among its users and thus provides you with the freedom to tweak your system according to your needs.

Advantages of Arch Linux: Arch is bleeding-edge: Arch Linux follows a rolling release model, this essentially means that you get all the new features and updates as soon as they roll out. There is no need for versions when updating and upgrading your system boils down to a simple command mentioned below.

pacman -Syu Arch is what you want it to be: Arch Linux offers absurd amounts of customizability to its users. A clean installation of Arch doesn’t even include a Desktop Environment or a Window Manager. The user builds their system from the ground up.

This approach also makes Arch extremely lightweight because there is no preinstalled bloat on the system, you the user have full freedom of what you want and when you want it.

The Arch linux User Repository (AUR): A unique feature that makes Arch stand out among other distros is the Arch User Repository (AUR).

It is a community-driven repository for Arch users. It contains package descriptions (PKGBUILDs) that allow you to compile a package from source with makepkg and then install it via pacman.

The Arch linux was created to organize and share new packages from the community and to help expedite popular packages’ inclusion into the community repository. AUR extends the software offerings of Arch’s official repository much further and beyond.

arch linux

The Holy Arch Wiki: Arch Linux is one of the, if not the most well documented Linux distros out there. The Arch wiki is the stuff of legends among the Linux enthusiasts. It is extremely well documented and massive. Its offerings extend beyond Arch Linux itself at times. If you run into some trouble with your system, the Arch Wiki probably has the solution already. It is a bridge: Package Manager (pacman), the package manager of Arch Linux is pretty unique in its own right.

It is flexible enough to support the installation of binary packages from the Arch repository, as well as binaries compiled from source via makepkg. This makes Arch a bridge between the distros which allow the installation of binary packages via their package management systems and the distros which trade ease of users to allow their users to compile binaries from source with variable configurations.

Improve your understanding of Linux: You won’t know how rewarding it is to get a clean installation of an Arch system unless you experience it yourself. The installation process is pretty complex since most of the things you will be doing won’t be GUI-assisted and you will be using CLI commands. Although this kind of complexity might sound scary to new users, it still has its own perks.

The installation teaches you a lot about how Linux actually works, which you won’t bother learning because modern-day GUI installers take care of that for you. You are introduced to concepts like display managers, chroot, configuring networks, and much more during the installation itself. Note: Arch Linux still has GUI installers for new Linux users who are not ready to do it the hard way but where is the fun?

Bonus: If you are into cybersecurity, you must have heard of Black Arch. The Black Arch repository contains a massive list of security tools for penetration testers and security arch linux.

The downside of installing Black Arch for some users might be its massive size as it comes with all the tools which include the ones you are never going to use. The good news is you can integrate the Black Arch repository in your Arch system and fetch tools you need on-demand from the repository. Other popular Linux distributions based on Arch: • Manjaro Linux• ArcoLinux• EndeavourOS• RebornOS Disadvantages of Arch Linux: It is an advanced distribution: Although, you might find Arch to be a very likely contender for your next distro hop, let me remind you that it is not at all a newbie-friendly distro.

It is not arch linux that an absolute Linux newbie tries out Arch. With the amount of customizability Arch offers in question, it is highly likely that a new user might potentially break their system trying to configure it in a totally wrong way. If you really want to try out Arch and you are not confident with your Linux skills, it is a much better idea to try out the arch linux in a virtual machine and then make the jump on a real system once you are confident enough.

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arch linux

The performance-boosting features of Arch make it an absolute delight for the end-users. If you are battling with Arch’s complex installation procedure, you can always delve deeper into how Arch-based distros work and then take it on from there.

Here are a few top choices of Linux distros for Arch lovers who want to make the most out of this flexible operating system. Arch-Based Linux Distros You Should Know About Arch Linux is a well-known operating system, used mostly by advanced Linux users, but it comes with its drawbacks.

Take the complicated installation procedure, for example. On the contrary, the absolute minimalism of Arch-based distros is what fascinates users.

From customization to installing applications of your choice, there is a lot arch linux explore on this wondrous, open-source distro. Let’s talk about some popular Arch-based distros that will change your Linux experience for life. 1. Manjaro Linux If installing Arch Linux seems like an unfathomable task, then you might want to reconsider your decision concerning Manjaro.

As Manjaro uses Calamares in a customized format, users find the operating system simple to set up. The OS is available in three versions, each with a different desktop environment: KDE Plasma, GNOME, and XFCE. However, the list of editions doesn't end here. The community has also released other versions ranging from the i3 window manager and bspwn to Budgie, awesome, and many others. Download: Manjaro Linux Arch linux What’s New in Manjaro 21.1.0 Pahvo? Everything You Need to Know On DistroWatch, EndeavourOS ranks number five, given its popularity among Arch enthusiasts.

The system is famous for its fast and stable configuration, as it offers minimalism and customizability on a platter. Users love this platform simply because of its vast array of desktop environments, ISO images, and window managers. The functionalities of this platform are very close to the original Arch Linux, wherein users can choose from eight different desktop environments with the least amount of bloatware. As a user, you should choose this platform for its simple design, playful icons, and cheerful elements.

The customer service team and developers of the OS are always available in case of any query. ArcoLinux is much more than just any other run-off-the-mill Arch-based distro. Users adore the minimalistic system design, as it does not include any WMs or DEs.

This distro comes in three different flavors: • ArcoLinux • ArcoLinuxB • ArcoLinuxD The operating system provides various tutorials that will help you gain more knowledge and educate yourself about Linux and its underlying elements. ArcoLinux supports almost every desktop arch linux, which attracts the majority of users. Download: ArcoLinux 4. Parabola GNU/Linux-Libre Parabola packages are preferred by users, especially if you are looking to replace any software in the Arch system.

The OS is built from the source and comes with the networking features disabled (by default). The Parabola community is always available to support you so that you can use the system with confidence and ease. Download: Parabola GNU/Linux-libre 5. BlackArch Let's say, BlackArch is the Arch equivalent of the Debian-based Kali Linux. This system is widely used by people who intend to use their machines for security researches and hacks. This Linux distro offers more than 200 security and pen-testing tools, which are a must-have for every hacker's toolkit.

In Arch linux, you receive support from the AUR package repository, while the features of pacman, the default package manager on Arch-based distros, attract users to this system. Users can install various tools in groups, which helps save a lot of time. You, as a user, can choose between installing BlackArch using the complete ISO or netinstall ISO, each of which is available in small-size images. Download: BlackArch 6.

RebornOS RebornOS gained popularity because of its series of 13 desktops and 30 optional features. Users can rollback packages on this system with Reborn updates, maintenance tools, and repositories. If you like creative graphics on the system, then this distro is an ideal choice for you. You, of course, do not need a command line to access the system, as you get reliable and stable graphical support.

Without a doubt, RebornOS makes it comfortable for new Linux users to use an Arch-based system without too many complications. It is, in fact, one of the most popular operating systems among Linux users.

Download: RebornOS 7. Chakra Linux Chakra is another user-friendly distribution, based on Arch Linux. It relies heavily on KDE and Qt software, with an intent to encourage users to adopt KDE/Qt for some of the other widget toolkits. Chakra is a community-developed OS that follows a half-rolling release model. The purpose of this half-rolling model is to let users enjoy different versions of the KDE Plasma desktop, along with other applications.

Download: Chakra 8. Anarchy Linux Like some of arch linux other distros on the list, Anarchy Linux is also an open-source distro, which draws its inspirations from Arch Linux. Anarchy Linux intends to pave the way for desktop computing and further provide you a platform to install a customized Arch-based OS. You have an option to either write the distro’s ISO image to a USB/CD or install it directly on a virtual machine. With Anarchy Linux, you get access to a full live system, which allows you to try the distro before installing it on your system directly.

The live system comes equipped with an XFCE desktop interface and a fully established software suite. Enjoy the comfort of accessing an Arch-based Linux distro in a series of languages, so that there is a little bit of something in every bit you install on your system. Download: Anarchy Linux Choosing the Right Arch-Based Linux Distro for Yourself All the operating systems included in the list account for some of the top Arch-based Linux distros for a reason.

The professional support available for Linux users enables smooth performance and a blissful experience. Whether you are a casual beginner or an arch linux Linux user, these distros have something to offer to everyone. You can enjoy reviewing each distro and choose the one which tickles your fancy or you can stick to Arch Linux and learn more about it. Wini is a Delhi based writer, having 2 years of writing experience. During her writing stints, she has been associated with digital marketing agencies and technical firms.

She has written content related to programming languages, cloud technology, AWS, Machine Learning, and much more. In her free time, she likes to paint, spend time with her family and travel to the mountains, whenever possible. More From Wini Bhalla NAME — manual pages from Arch Linux packages SYNOPSIS !archman KEYWORDS.

DESCRIPTION This website is a repository of all manual pages available in the Arch Linux packages. There are 68047 manual pages and 9065 symbolic links from 3508 packages, another 9144 packages do not contain any indexable manual pages. Traditionally, manual pages are organized into several sections.

Read the introduction pages for each section: intro(1), intro(2), intro(3), intro(4), intro(5), intro(6), intro(7), intro(8). Some packages provide their manuals in a subsection (e.g.

3ssl) and some use non-standard sections (e.g. 0 or n). USAGE There are several ways to find a specific manual page: • Use the search form to search for keywords in the names and descriptions of manual pages and packages. You can also the !archman DuckDuckGo bang to search Arch manual pages.

• Use the listing form to list all manual pages matching the specified filtering and sorting criteria. • Manually use the addressing scheme as explained below. The manual pages are addressable as /man///.

... Any part except is optional: • and can be used to disambiguate the page version found in multiple packages. If omitted, manual pages are looked up in package repositories in the following order: core, extra, community, multilib.

• If

is missing, you will be redirected to the first manual arch linux found in sections in the following order: 1, n, l, 8, 6, 3, 0, 2, 5, 7, 4, 9. • The default language is en. Note that en is also the fallback language for pages, which are not available in any other language. • The default format is html (other supported formats are txt and raw).

Note that symbolic links, such as bunzip2(1), are implemented as HTTP redirects with the 302 status code. Symbolic links are included in per-package listings, such as core/openssl. LAST UPDATES This is just a brief summary of arch linux last updates to the internal database. Time arch linux Duration Updated packages Updated man pages 2022-05-09 00:58:53 00:01:31 29 168 2022-05-08 00:50:17 00:02:08 193 540 2022-05-07 00:19:08 00:02:37 306 958 2022-05-06 00:48:45 00:02:23 202 2714 2022-05-05 00:16:44 00:02:28 1134 1149 NOTES This page is not an actual manual page.

It was just made to look like one. AUTHORS The project was initially created for the man template on the Arch wiki.

The code is developed in a GitLab repository. SEE ALSO There are other manual page websites using different sources and providing different features. See a list on the wiki. 2022-05-09 Arch Linux Powered by archmanweb, using mandoc for the conversion of manual pages. The website is available under the terms of the GPL-3.0 license, except for the contents of the manual pages, which have their own license specified in the corresponding Arch Linux package.
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arch linux

( May 2019) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message) Arch Linux Developer Levente Polyak is the lead arch linux.

[1] OS family Linux ( Unix-like) Working state Current Source model Open-source General availability March 11, 2002 Latest release Rolling release / installation medium 2022.04.05 [2] Repository • x86-64 • i686 (unofficial) [a] • ARM (unofficial) [b] Kernel type Monolithic ( Linux kernel) Userland GNU; BusyBox can be installed if the user desires Influenced by CRUX, BSD Default user interface Command-line interface ( Zsh as the default shell in Live CD or Live USB and Bash as the default shell after installation) License Free software ( GNU GPL and other licenses) [5] Official website archlinux .org Arch Linux ( / ɑːr tʃ/) [6] is an independently developed, x86-64 general-purpose Linux distribution that strives to provide the latest stable versions of most software by following a rolling-release model.

The default installation is a minimal base system, configured by the user to only add what is purposely required. Pacman, a package manager written specifically for Arch Linux, is used to install, remove and update software packages.

[7] Arch Linux uses a rolling release model, meaning there are no "major releases" of completely new versions of the system; a regular system update is all that is needed to obtain the latest Arch arch linux the arch linux images released every month by the Arch team are simply up-to-date snapshots of the main system components.

[8] Arch Linux has comprehensive documentation, consisting of a community-run wiki known as the ArchWiki. [9] [10] [11] Contents • 1 History • 1.1 Repository security • 2 Design and principles • 3 Installation • 3.1 Guided automated install script • 4 Package management • 4.1 Pacman • 4.2 Repositories • 4.3 Arch Build System (ABS) • 4.4 Arch User Repository (AUR) • 5 Derivatives • 6 Logo • 7 Reception • 8 See also • 9 Notes • 10 References • 11 External links History [ edit ] Inspired by CRUX, another minimalist distribution, Judd Vinet started the Arch Linux project in March 2002.

The name was chosen because Vinet liked the arch linux meaning of "the principal," as in "arch-enemy". [6] [12] Originally only for 32-bit x86 CPUs, the first x86_64 installation ISO was released in April 2006. [13] Vinet led Arch Linux until 1 October 2007, when he stepped down due to lack of time, transferring control of the project to Aaron Griffin.

[14] The migration to systemd as its init system started in August 2012, [15] and it became the default on new installations in October 2012.

[16] It replaced the SysV-style init system, used since the arch linux inception. [17] On 24 February 2020, Aaron Griffin announced that due to his limited involvement with the project, he would, after a voting period, transfer control of the project to Levente Polyak. [18] This change also led to a new 2-year term period being added to the Project Leader position.

[19] The end of i686 support was announced in Arch linux 2017, with the February 2017 ISO being the last one including i686 [20] and making the architecture unsupported in November 2017. [21] Since then, the community derivative Arch Linux 32 can be used for i686 hardware. In March 2021, Arch Linux developers were thinking of porting Arch Linux packages to x86_64-v3.

x86-64-v3 roughly correlates to Intel Haswell era of processors. [22] [23] In April 2021, Arch Linux installation images began including a guided installation script by default. [24] In late 2021, the Arch Linux developers released Pacman 6.0, which enabled parallel downloads. [25] In January 2022, the linux-firmware package began compressing firmware by default, which arch linux reduced the required disk space. [26] In February 2022, the Arch Linux developers began offering debug packages.

[27] Repository security [ edit ] Until Pacman version 4.0.0, [28] Arch Linux's package manager lacked support for signed packages. [29] Packages and metadata were not verified for authenticity by Pacman during the download-install process. Without package authentication checking, tampered-with or malicious repository mirrors could compromise the integrity of a system.

[30] Pacman 4 allowed verification of the package database and packages, but it was disabled by default. In November 2011, package signing became mandatory for new package builds, and as of the 21st of March 2012, every official package is signed. [31] In June 2012, package signing verification became official and is now enabled by default in the installation process.

[32] [33] Design and principles [ edit ] Arch is largely based on binary packages. Packages target x86-64 microprocessors to assist performance on modern hardware.

A ports/ ebuild-like system is also provided for automated source compilation, known arch linux the Arch Build System. [34] Arch Linux focuses on simplicity of design, meaning that the main focus involves creating an environment that is straightforward and relatively easy for the user to understand directly, rather than providing polished point-and-click style management tools — the package manager, for example, does not have an official graphical front-end.

This is largely achieved by encouraging the use of succinctly commented, clean configuration files that are arranged for quick access and editing. [35] This has earned it a reputation as a distribution for "advanced users" who are willing to use the command line.

[36] Relying on complex tools to manage and build your system is going to arch linux the end-users. [.] "If you try to hide the complexity of the system, you'll end up with a more complex system". Layers of abstraction that serve to hide internals are never a good thing. Instead, the internals should be designed in a way such that they NEED no hiding.

Screenshot of pacstrap during installation. The Arch Linux website supplies ISO images that can be run from CD or USB. After a user partitions and formats their drive, a simple command line script (pacstrap) is used to install the base system. [33] The installation of additional packages which are not part of the base system (for example, desktop environments), can be arch linux with either pacstrap, or Pacman after booting (or chrooting) into the new installation.

[38] [39] [7] Neofetch output of an Arch Linux Installation. An alternative to using CD or USB images for installation is to use the static version of the package manager Pacman, from within another Linux-based operating system.

[40] The user can mount their newly formatted drive partition, and use pacstrap (or Pacman with the appropriate command-line switch) to install base and additional packages with the mountpoint of the destination device as the root for its operations. This method is useful when installing Arch Linux onto USB flash drives, or onto a temporarily mounted device which belongs to another system.

[ citation needed] Regardless of the selected installation type, further actions need to be taken before the new system is ready for use, most notably by installing a bootloader and configuring the new system with a system name, network connection, language settings, and graphical user interface.

[41] Arch Linux does not schedule releases for specific dates but uses a " rolling release" system where new packages are provided throughout the day. Its package management allows users to easily keep systems updated. [42] Occasionally, manual interventions are required for certain updates, with instructions posted on the news section of the Arch Linux website.

[43] Guided automated install script [ edit ] An experimental guided installer named archinstall is included in all Arch ISO images released since 2021. It allows users to easily install and configure Arch Linux including drivers, disk partitioning, network configuration, accounts setup, and installation of desktop environments. [44] [45] [46] archinstall Package management [ edit ] Arch Linux's only supported binary platform is x86_64. The Arch package repositories and User Repository (AUR) contain 58,000 binary and source packages, which comes close to Debian's 68,000 packages; however, the two distributions' approaches to packaging differ, making direct comparisons difficult.

For example, six out of Arch's 58,000 packages comprise the software AbiWord, of which three in the user repository replace the canonical Abiword package with arch linux alternative build type or version (such as sourcing from the latest commit to Abiword's source control repository), whereas Debian installs a single version of Abiword across seven packages. [47] The Arch User Repository also contains a writerperfect package which installs several document format converters, while Debian provides each of the more than 20 converters in its own subpackage.

[48] Pacman [ edit ] Example of pacman usage To facilitate regular package changes, Pacman (a contraction of "package manager") was developed by Judd Vinet to provide Arch with its own package manager to track dependencies. [49] It is written in C. [50] All packages are managed using the Pacman package manager. Pacman handles package installation, upgrades, downgrades, arch linux and features automatic dependency resolution.

The packages for Arch Linux are obtained from the Arch Linux package tree and are compiled for the x86-64 architecture. It uses binary packages in the tar.zst [51] [52] [53] (for zstd compression), with .pkg placed before this to indicate that it is a Pacman package (giving .pkg.tar.zst).

[50] As well as Arch Linux, Pacman is also used for installing packages under MSYS2 (a fork of Cygwin) on Windows. [54] Repositories [ edit ] The following official binary repositories exist: [55] • core, which contains all the packages needed to set up a base system. Packages in this repository include kernel packages and shell languages. • extra, which holds packages not required for the base system, including desktop environments and programs.

• community, which contains packages built and voted on by the community; includes packages that have sufficient votes and have been adopted by a "trusted user". • multilib, a centralized repository for x86-64 users to more readily support 32-bit applications in a 64-bit environment.

Packages in this repository include Steam and Wine. Additionally, there are testing repositories which include binary package candidates for other repositories. Currently, the following testing repositories exist: • testing, with packages for core and extra. • community-testing, with packages for community.

• multilib-testing, with packages for multilib. The staging and community-staging repositories are used for some rebuilds to avoid broken packages in testing.

Arch linux developers recommend not using these repositories for any reason, stating that any system updating from them will "unquestionably break." [56] There are also two other repositories that include the newest version of certain desktop environments. • gnome-unstable, which contains packages of a new version of the software from GNOME before being released into testing.

• kde-unstable, which contains packages of a new version of KDE software before being released into testing. The unstable repository was dropped in July 2008 and most of the packages moved to other repositories. [57] In addition to the official repositories, there are a number of unofficial user repositories.

The most well-known unofficial repository is the Arch User Repository, or AUR, hosted on the Arch Linux site. The AUR does not host binary packages but instead a collection of build scripts known as PKGBUILDs.

PKGBUILD scripts are executed by the makepkg command, which downloads the necessary files from the software's repository and builds them using the Arch Arch linux System. The Arch Linux repositories arch linux both libre and nonfree software, and the default Arch Linux kernel contains nonfree proprietary blobs, hence the distribution is not endorsed by the GNU project. [58] The linux-libre kernel can be installed from the AUR or by enabling Parabola's arch linux.

Arch Build System (ABS) [ edit ] The Arch Build System (ABS) is a ports-like source packaging system that compiles source tarballs into binary packages, which are installed via Pacman.

[59] The Arch Build System provides a directory tree of shell scripts, called PKGBUILDs, that enable any and all official Arch packages to be customized and compiled. Rebuilding the entire system using modified compiler flags is also supported by the Arch Build System. The Arch Build System makepkg tool can be used to create custom pkg.tar.zst packages from third-party sources. The resulting packages are also installable and trackable via Pacman.

[60] [61] Arch User Repository (AUR) [ edit ] In addition to the repositories, the Arch User Repository (AUR) provides user-made PKGBUILD scripts for packages not included in the repositories. These PKGBUILD scripts simplify building from source by explicitly listing and checking for dependencies and configuring the install arch linux match the Arch architecture.

[62] Arch User Repository helper programs can further streamline the downloading of PKGBUILD scripts and associated building process. However, this comes at the cost of executing PKGBUILDs not validated by a trusted person; as a result, Arch developers have stated that the utilities for automatic finding, downloading and executing of PKGBUILDs will never be included in the official repositories.

[63] Users can create packages compatible with Pacman using the Arch Build System and custom PKGBUILD scripts. [64] This functionality has helped support the Arch User Repository, which consists of user contributed packages to supplement the official repositories. [65] The Arch User Repository provides the community with packages that are not included in the repositories.

Reasons include: • Licensing issues: software that cannot be redistributed, but is free to use, can be included in the Arch linux User Repository since all that is hosted by the Arch Linux website is a shell script that downloads the actual software from elsewhere.

Examples include proprietary freeware such as Google Earth and RealPlayer. • Modified official packages: the Arch User Repository also contains many arch linux on the official packaging as well as beta versions of software that is contained within the repositories as stable releases.

• Popularity of the software: rarely used programs have not been added to the official repositories (yet). • Betas or "nightly" versions of the software which are very new and thus unstable.

Examples include the "firefox-nightly" package, which gives new daily builds of the Firefox web browser. PKGBUILDs for any software can be contributed by ordinary users and any PKGBUILD that is not confined to the Arch User Repository for policy arch linux can be voted into the community arch linux.

Derivatives [ edit ] See also: List of Linux distributions § Arch-based There are several projects working on porting the Arch Linux ideas and tools to other kernels, including PacBSD (formerly ArchBSD) and Arch Hurd, [66] which are based on the FreeBSD and GNU Hurd kernels, respectively.

There is also the Arch Linux ARM project, which aims to port Arch Linux to ARM-based devices, including the Raspberry Pi, as well as the Arch Linux 32 project, which continued support for systems with 32-bit only CPUs after the mainline Arch Linux project dropped support for the architecture in November 2017. [67] [68] Various distributions are focused around providing an Arch base with an easier install process, such as EndeavourOS and Manjaro.

SteamOS 3.0, the version of SteamOS used in Steam Deck is based on Arch Linux. [69] arch linux [71] [72] Logo [ edit ] The current Arch Linux logo was designed by Thayer Williams [73] [74] in 2007 as part of a contest to replace the previous logo.

[75] Reception [ edit ] OSNews reviewed Arch Linux in 2002. arch linux OSNews also has 5 later reviews about Arch Linux. [77] [78] [79] [80] [81] wrote a review about Arch Linux in 2005. [82] also has 2 later reviews about Arch Linux. [83] [84] Tux Machines reviewed Arch Linux in 2007. [85] Chris Smart from DistroWatch Weekly wrote a review about Arch linux Linux in January 2009.

[86] DistroWatch Weekly reviewed Arch Linux again in September 2009 and in December 2015. [87] [88] Linux maintainer Greg Kroah-Hartman [89] has stated that arch linux uses Arch and that it "works really really well," he also praised the Arch Wiki, and that the distribution stays close to upstream development, as well as the feedback loop with the community.

[90] See also [ edit ] • ^ "Arch Linux - News: The Future of the Arch Linux Project Leader". Retrieved 22 November 2021. • ^ "Arch Linux - Releases". Archived from the original on 4 December 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2022. • ^ "Pacman Home Page". Retrieved 9 May 2020. • ^ "Arch Linux 32". Arch Linux 32. Retrieved 19 June 2021. • ^ • "Copyright". Pacman Home Page. Retrieved 30 July 2020. • arch linux. arch-install-scripts repository. • "About mkinitcpio".

Retrieved 30 July 2020. • ^ a b Aaron Griffin (24 Arch linux 2005). "Pronnounciation [ sic] of our beloved distribution's name". Archived from the original on 12 February 2012. Retrieved 19 October 2009.

• ^ a b "Pacman Home Page". Archived from the original arch linux 26 February 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2019. • ^ Ivan Jelic (10 March 2010). "Rolling with Arch Linux".

Archived from the original on 20 October 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. • ^ Smith, Jesse (21 December 2015). "Arch Linux - Feature Story". Archived from the original on 12 September 2018.

Retrieved 17 January 2016. • ^ Linton, Susan (17 July 2015). "Debian Project Lead: Snappy and Mir Bad Ideas". OStatic. Archived from the original on 4 February 2017. Retrieved arch linux February 2017. One of the first questions wondered if McGovern was jealous of anything from any other distro. To that he answered Arch's wiki calling it "an absolutely amazing resource" that he himself uses. • ^ "The Arch Way - Linux Journal". Archived from the original on 30 October 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019. • ^ "Interview with Judd Vinet". Archived from the original on 8 September 2017. Retrieved 30 October 2019. • ^ "Arch Linux - News: Official Arch64 install cd available". Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2019.

• ^ apeiro (Judd Vinet) (1 October 2007). "Arch Leadership". Arch Linux Forums. Archived from the original on 9 August 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2009. • ^ Gaudreault, Stéphane (14 August 2012). "Migration to systemd". arch-dev-public (Mailing list). Retrieved 24 September 2020. • ^ Bächler, Thomas (13 October 2012). "systemd is now the default on new installations" .

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Retrieved 24 September 2020. • ^ "Archlinux installer 0.1". • ^ "Arch Linux - News: The Future of the Arch Linux Project Leader". Retrieved 24 June 2020. • ^ "DeveloperWiki:Project Leader - ArchWiki".

Retrieved 24 June 2020. • ^ Bartłomiej Piotrowski (25 January 2017). "Phasing out i686 support". Arch Linux.

Archived from the original on 27 January 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2017. • ^ Bartłomiej Piotrowski (8 November 2017). "The end of i686 support". Arch Linux. Archived from the original on 8 November 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2017. • ^ "Arch Linux Developers Discuss Idea Of Providing An x86-64-v3 Port". Retrieved 21 November 2021. • ^ "Provide a x86_64_v3 microarchitecture level port (!2) · Merge requests · Arch Linux / rfcs". GitLab.

Retrieved 21 November 2021. • ^ "Arch Linux - News: Installation medium with installer". Retrieved 1 February 2022. arch linux ^ "Update NEWS for pacman-6.0.1 release (d5e2c0a5) · Commits · Pacman / Pacman". GitLab. Retrieved 3 March 2022. • ^ "Arch Linux - News: linux-firmware 20220119.0c6a7b3-2 requires kernel >=5.3 and package splitting".

Retrieved 1 February 2022. • ^ "Arch Linux - News: Debug packages and debuginfod". Retrieved 31 March 2022. • ^ "NEWS - pacman.git - The official pacman repository". Retrieved 12 May 2019. • ^ "FS#5331 : Signed packages". Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2019. • ^ "Attacks on Package Managers". 10 July 2008. Archived from the original on 5 September 2010. Retrieved 14 September 2010.

• ^ McRae, Allan (17 December 2011). "Pacman Package Signing – 4: Arch Linux". Archived from the original on 20 February 2012. Retrieved 29 February 2012. • ^ Gaetan Bisson (4 June 2012). "Having pacman verify packages". Arch Linux. Archived from the original on 6 June 2012. Retrieved 4 June 2012. • ^ a b Pierre Schmitz (22 July 2012). "Install media 2012.07.15 released". Arch Linux. Archived from the original on 12 December 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2012.

• ^ Campbell, Alex; Hacker, Tech; PT, PCWorld - (2 November 2016). "5 reasons to opt for a Linux rolling distro vs. a standard release". PCWorld. Retrieved 12 May 2019. • ^ "The Arch Way". ArchWiki. 9 October 2009. Arch linux from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2013. • ^ Williams, rew; April 2020, Brian Turner 16. "Best Linux distros of 2020: for beginners and advanced users". TechRadar. Archived from the original on 21 April 2020. Retrieved 17 April 2020. • ^ "FS#43302 - [pacman] provide workaround for removing --asroot from makepkg".

arch linux. Retrieved 4 July 2020. • ^ "pacman - ArchWiki". Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2019. • ^ "General recommendations - ArchWiki". Archived from the original on 21 September 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2019. • ^ "Install From Existing Linux". ArchWiki. 21 November 2009.

Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2009. • ^ "Installation guide - ArchWiki". Retrieved 13 September arch linux. • ^ "Arch Linux Review". 2007. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017. • ^ "News". Archived from the original on 15 August 2018.

Retrieved 15 August 2018. • ^ "archinstall - ArchWiki". Retrieved 12 April 2021. • ^ Nestor, Marius (11 April 2021).

"Latest Arch Linux ISO Release Comes with the ArchInstall CLI Guided Installer". 9to5Linux. Retrieved 23 February 2022. • ^ "Arch Linux Now Arch linux With Easier to Use Guided Installer". MUO. 6 April 2021. Retrieved 23 February 2022. • ^ "Debian -- Package Search Results -- abiword". Archived from the original on 7 July 2019.

Retrieved 12 May 2019. • ^ "Debian -- Package Search Results -- writerperfect". Archived from the original on 8 July arch linux. Retrieved 12 May 2019. • ^ Eugenia Loli (21 March 2005). "Arch Linux: Why It Rocks". OSNews. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011.

Retrieved 30 September 2011. • ^ a b "pacman". ArchWiki. 6 August 2017. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017. • ^ "Arch Linux Nears Roll-Out Of Zstd Compressed Packages For Faster Pacman Installs - Phoronix". Retrieved 31 Arch linux 2019. • ^ Broda, Robin (24 March 2019). "[arch-dev-public] RFC: (devtools) Changing default compression method to zstd". Archived from the original on 21 October 2019.

Retrieved 31 October 2019. • ^ "Arch Linux - News: Required update to recent libarchive". Archived from the original on 21 October 2019. Retrieved 31 October 2019. • ^ "Package Management - MSYS2". Retrieved 11 November 2020. • ^ "Official Repositories". ArchWiki. Archived from the original on 18 November 2012. Retrieved 23 November 2012. • ^ "Official repositories - ArchWiki". Retrieved 1 February 2022. • ^ "Arch Linux Newsletter 08-04-2008".

Arch Arch linux. 4 August 2008. Archived from the original on 3 June 2013. Retrieved 19 October 2009. • ^ "Explaining Why We Don't Endorse Other Systems". GNU Project. Archived from the original on 24 April 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011.

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• ^ "Arch Build System". ArchWiki. Archived from the original on 17 January 2013. Retrieved 19 October 2009. • ^ "Makepkg". ArchWiki. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2013. • ^ "Arch Linux - News: Now using Zstandard instead of xz for package compression". Retrieved 13 July 2020. • ^ "AUR (en) - Home". AUR. Archived from the original on 3 November 2016. Retrieved 5 February 2014. • ^ Robin Heggelund Hansen (25 March 2008).

"Arch Linux: Popular KISS distro – Interview – Part II". Archived from the original on 2 April 2009. Retrieved 19 October 2009. • ^ "Using the Arch Build System".

8 September 2011. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. • ^ Bo Milanovich (8 March 2011). "Arch Linux". Archived from the original on 21 February 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2011. • ^ "Arch Hurd". Arch Hurd. Archived from the original on 26 March 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2014. • ^ "Arch Linux ARM". Arch Linux ARM. Archived from the original on 28 March 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2014.

• ^ "Arch Linux 32". Arch Linux 32. Retrieved 22 October 2020. • ^ Duckett, Chris. "Steam Deck is an AMD-powered handheld PC from Valve that runs KDE on Arch Linux". ZDNet. Retrieved 18 July 2021. • ^ "Valve's handheld console 'The Steam Deck' is heard with an Arch Linux based OS". TechnoSports. 16 July 2021. Retrieved 18 July 2021. • ^ Prasad (15 July 2021). "Valve Steam Deck is a handheld gaming PC that runs SteamOS". GSMArena. Retrieved 19 July 2021. The Steam Deck runs on Valve's SteamOS 3.0.

This is primarily based on Arch Linux and uses the compatibility layer Proton to run games designed for Windows • ^ arch linux has formally announced the Steam Deck, a portable handheld console with SteamOS".

GamingOnLinux. Retrieved 16 July 2021. • ^ Willard, Travis (22 December 2007). arch linux Linux - News: Logo Contest Results (and Winner!)". Retrieved 4 October 2020. • ^ Williams, Thayer (2007). "Arch Linux logo submission". Retrieved 4 October 2020. • ^ Willard, Travis (24 October 2007). "Arch Linux - News: Arch Linux Logo Competition". Retrieved 4 October 2020. • ^ "Introduction to Arch Linux – OSnews". Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019. • ^ "Arch Linux: A Better Distribution – OSnews". Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019. • ^ "Arch Linux: An End To My Distro Shuffle? – OSnews".

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arch linux Archived from the original on 7 February 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019. • ^ "The grumpy editor's Arch Linux experience []". Archived from the original on 15 November arch linux. Retrieved 12 May 2019. • ^ Fallen Under the Spell of Arch Voodoo - Tux Machines Archived 20 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine 20 April 2007 • ^ "Arch Linux in review". Archived from the original on 20 June 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2019. • ^ "A distro odyssey, part arch linux - the Arch way". Archived from the original on 20 June 2018.

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Retrieved 17 September 2019. [Arch developers'] idea of a constantly rolling, forward-moving system is the way to go. It's neutral, it's community-based, it has everything I need. It works really really well [.] Their Wiki is amazing. The documentation -- it's like one of the best resources out there these days. If you look up any userspace program and how to configure it and use it. Actually, the systemd Arch Wiki pages are one of the most amazing resources out there.

[.] One of the main policies of Arch linux, or philosophies, is you stay as close to the upstream as possible. And as a developer, I want arch linux. They're really good in feedback to the community. Because I want that testing -- I want to make sure that things are fixed.

And if it is broken, I learn about it quickly and I fix it and push the stuff out. So that's actually a really good feedback loop. External links [ edit ] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arch Linux. • Official website • Arch Linux on GitHub • #archlinux connect on ( #archlinuxarm connect, #archlinux32 connect) • Official: Kubuntu • Lubuntu • Ubuntu Budgie • Ubuntu Kylin • Ubuntu MATE • Ubuntu Studio • Xubuntu • Derivatives: Asturix • Bodhi Linux • elementary OS • Emmabuntüs • KDE neon • Linux Lite • Linux Mint • LXLE Linux • Peppermint OS • Pinguy OS • Pop!

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Contents • Arch Linux Install Guide • Step 1: Download the Arch Linux ISO • Step 2: Create a Live USB or Burn Arch Linux ISO to a DVD • Step 3: Boot up Arch Linux • Step 4: Set the Keyboard Layout • Step 5: Check Your Internet Connection • Step 6: Enable Network Time Protocols (NTP) • Step 7: Partition the Disks • Step 8: Create Filesystem • Step 9: Mount the Filesystem • Step 10: Check the Mirror List for an Appropriate Mirror • Step 11: Install Arch Linux • Step 12: Arch linux Arch Linux • Generate the fstab File • Use Arch-Chroot and Enter the Mounted Disk as Root • Set the Time Zone • Set the Locale • Set the Hostname File • Set the Root Password • Step 13: Install Grub Bootloader • Step 14: Exit Arch-Chroot Environment and Reboot • Step 15: Login to Arch Linux Contents • Arch Arch linux Install Guide • Step 1: Download the Arch Linux ISO • Step 2: Create a Live USB or Burn Arch Linux ISO to a DVD • Step 3: Boot up Arch Linux • Step 4: Set the Keyboard Layout • Step 5: Check Your Internet Connection • Step 6: Enable Network Time Protocols (NTP) • Step 7: Partition the Disks • Step 8: Create Filesystem • Step 9: Mount the Filesystem • Step 10: Check the Mirror List for an Appropriate Mirror • Step 11: Install Arch Linux • Step 12: Configure Arch Linux • Generate the fstab File • Use Arch-Chroot and Enter the Mounted Disk as Root • Set the Time Zone • Set the Arch linux • Set the Hostname File • Set the Root Password • Step 13: Install Grub Bootloader • Step 14: Exit Arch-Chroot Environment and Reboot • Step 15: Login to Arch Linux Introduction Arch Linux is currently one of the most popular Linux distributions, thanks to its versatility and minimal system requirements.

Arch Linux features a rolling release and always arch linux with the latest Linux kernel and functionalities. This article is a step-by-step guide on how to install and configure Arch Linux on your computer. Note: The installation requires formatting your hard drive. Doing this removes all saved data. Make sure to back up relevant data before starting the installation process. Arch Linux Install Guide Install Arch Linux on your computer by following the steps outlined below.

Step 1: Download the Arch Linux ISO Download the ISO from the Arch Linux download page. There are two ways to do so: • via BitTorrent • as a direct download To download the ISO via torrent, choose between adding a magnet link to your BitTorrent app or downloading the torrent file.

Alternatively, scroll through the page until you find a mirror that’s closest to your current location. Step 2: Create a Live USB or Burn Arch Linux ISO to a DVD Once you have the Arch Linux ISO, you can create a live USB or burn it to a DVD. Create a Live USB of Arch Linux The simplest way to create a live USB of Arch Linux is arch linux use an app like Etcher GUI. This app is available on both Linux and Windows systems.

If you are using Linux, create a live USB with the following command: dd bs=4M if=/path/to/archlinux.iso of=/dev/sdx status=progress && sync Burn the Arch Linux ISO to a DVD You can also install Arch Linux from a DVD. Use a tool like Brasero or AnyBurn to burn the ISO you downloaded onto a blank DVD. Step 3: Boot up Arch Linux 1. With the Arch Linux ISO burned on a DVD or stored as a live USB, insert the installation media into your computer and restart.

2. Depending on your system, pressing F2, F10, or F12 lets you choose the device the system boots from. 3. With the boot settings open, select the preferred install media (live USB or DVD). The following screen shows up after Arch Linux boots: 4.

Select Boot Arch Linux (x86_64) and press Enter to start the setup process. Step 4: Set the Keyboard Layout During the Arch Linux installation, the default keymap is US. To list other available layouts, run: ls /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/**/*.map.gz To change the layout, use the appropriate layout file name with the loadkeys arch linux.

For example, run the following command to select a German keyboard layout: loadkeys de-latin1 Step 5: Check Your Internet Connection Check your Internet connection using the ping command: ping -c 3 If you want to install Arch Linux using a wireless Internet connection, consult the Arch Linux wiki’s wireless network arch linux section.

Step 6: Enable Network Time Protocols (NTP) Next, enable Network Time Protocols (NTP) and allow the system to update the time via the Internet: timedatectl set-ntp true To check the NTP service status, use: timedatectl status Step 7: Partition the Disks 1. Use the fdisk command to list all available disk drives: fdisk -l 2.

Find the name of the disk you want to partition.

arch linux

The name is displayed in the /dev/sdX format, where X is the drive letter. Note: When reviewing the list of available disk drives, ignore the ones ending in rom, loop, or airoot. 2. Partition the drive using the cfdisk command: cfdisk /dev/sdX Where X is the drive letter of the disk you want to partition.

3. Using the arrow keys, select dos as the label type, and press Enter. Step 8: Create Filesystem You need to format the new partitions to install Arch Linux. To do this, create a file system for each of the partitions. 1. Use the mkfs command to create an ext4 filesystem for the bootable partition: mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdX1 Where X is the drive letter of the disk the partition belongs to. Step 9: Mount the Filesystem Now, mount the filesystems you created by running the following commands: mount /dev/sdX1 /mnt swapon /dev/sdX2 Where: • mount – Mounts the filesystem on the bootable partition.

• swapon – Activates the swap space filesystem. • X – The drive letter of the disk the partition belongs to. Step 10: Check the Mirror List for an Appropriate Mirror The Arch Linux installation downloads the necessary files through a mirror. Downloading files from a mirror that’s far away from your location slows down the process, which eventually causes the installation to fail. To speed up the download, you need to set up the mirror list to make the fastest mirrors at the top.

1. Start by syncing the pacman repository: pacman -Syy 3. If necessary, create a backup of the mirror list: cp /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.bak 4. Use the reflector to update the mirror list: reflector -c "XX" -f 12 -l 10 -n 12 --save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist Where "XX" is the code of your country (for example, enter "US" if you are located in The United States).

Note: The mirror list is located in /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist. Step 11: Install Arch Linux Use the pacstrap script to install Arch Linux to the bootable partition: pacstrap /mnt base linux linux-firmware Depending on your download speed, the installation process might take some time. Step 12: Configure Arch Linux Once the Arch Linux installation is complete, you need to configure the settings.

Generate the fstab Arch linux The fstab file defines the order in which disk partitions, block devices, remote devices, and other data sources are mounted. Create a fstab file by running: genfstab -U /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab Use Arch-Chroot and Enter the Mounted Disk as Root Change the root to the newly installed Arch Linux system with the arch-chroot command: arch-chroot /mnt Set the Time Zone 1.

First, list all the available time zones: timedatectl list-timezones 2. Find your time zone and make a note of the name.

3. Run the command: timedatectl set-timezone Time/Zone Replace Time/Zone with the appropriate name. Set the Locale Setting up the locale determines the language, date, numbering, and currency format for your system. 1. The locale.gen file contains a list of all available locales.

Open it and find the name of your preferred locale: sudo nano /etc/locale.gen 2. Uncomment the name of your preferred locale and any other you would like to use. 3. Press Ctrl + X to exit and type Y to save the changes. 4. Generate a locale configuration file by typing: locale-gen echo [locale_name] > /etc/locale.conf Where [locale_name] is the name of your preferred locale. Note: You can also change the time zone and locale later while using your Arch Linux system.

Set the Hostname File 1. Create a hostname file and add your hostname to it arch linux running the following hostname command: echo [your_hostname] > /etc/hostname 2. Then, create a hosts file via touch command: touch /etc/hosts 3. Add the following content to the new hosts file: localhost ::1 localhost [your_hostname] 4.

To enable the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), type: systemctl enable dhcpcd Set the Root Password Set up a new root password with the passwd command: passwd Running this command prompts you to type and then retype your new password. Step 13: Install Grub Bootloader Next, install the GRUB bootloader. There are two ways to install GRUB, depending on whether you are using a non-UEFI or UEFI system. Install GRUB Bootloader on a Non-UEFI System 1.

Add the GRUB bootloader packages by using the pacman manager: pacman -S grub os-prober 2. Install the GRUB bootloader: grub-install /dev/sdX Where X is the letter of the drive you want to install GRUB on. 3. Create a Arch linux configuration file by using: grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg Install GRUB Bootloader on a UEFI System 1. Add the GRUB bootloader packages by using the pacman manager: pacman -S grub efibootmgr 2. Create a directory for the EFI partition: mkdir arch linux 3.

Mount your bootable partition to the directory you created: mount /dev/sdX1 /boot/efi Where X is the drive letter of the disk the partition belongs to. 4. Install GRUB by using: grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --bootloader-id=GRUB --efi-directory=/boot/efi 5.

Finally, create a GRUB configuration file: grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg Step 14: Exit Arch-Chroot Environment and Reboot 1. Exit the arch-chroot environment: exit 2. Then, reboot the system: sudo reboot Step 15: Login to Arch Linux Once the system reboots, GRUB loads and offers you the option of loading Arch Linux. Press Enter to load the system.

Use the password you set up to log in.• العربية • Български • Bosanski • Čeština • Dansk • Deutsch • Ελληνικά • Español • فارسی • Suomi • Français • עברית • Hrvatski • Magyar • Bahasa Indonesia • Italiano • 日本語 • 한국어 • Lietuvių • Nederlands • Polski • Português • Русский • Slovenčina • Српски / srpski • Svenska • ไทย • Türkçe • Українська • 中文(简体) • 中文(繁體) Arch Linux Overview of Arch Linux describing what to expect from an Arch Linux system.

Frequently asked questions Notable questions and facts about the distribution. Arch compared to other distributions Summarizes the similarities and differences between Arch and other distributions. Installation guide Guide through the process of installing Arch Linux.

General recommendations Annotated index of post-installation tutorials and other popular articles. List of applications Categorized presentation of common official and AUR packages. Our community Code of conduct Guidelines for the Arch arch linux. Getting involved Describes various ways Archers can contribute to the Arch community. International communities Collection of links to the Arch Linux communities around the world.

Arch IRC channels Get together with your fellow Archers for a good chat. Wiki interaction Help:Reading Find clarifications if you struggle to understand instructions in some articles. Help:Browsing How to search the wiki, find related articles and view the wiki offline. ArchWiki:Contributing The starting point for those willing to contribute to the wiki.

Help:Editing Tutorial on editing articles and introduction to wiki text syntax.
If you ask a group of developers what Linux is, most of them will probably say it's an open-source operating system. Those with more technical knowledge will probably call it a kernel. For me, though, Linux is not just an operating system or a kernel.

For me, it's freedom. The freedom of putting together an operating system according to my needs, and that's where Arch Linux comes in. According to their wiki, Arch Linux is an independently developed, x86-64 general-purpose GNU/Linux distribution that strives to provide the latest stable versions of most software by following a rolling-release model. The default installation is a minimal base system, configured by the user to only add what is purposely required.

In other words, Arch Linux is a distribution optimized for x86-64 architecture targeted at experienced Linux users. It lets you have full responsibility and control over your system. You'll get to choose what packages you want, the kernel (yes there are multiple), the boot-loader, the desktop environment, and so on. Have you ever heard someone say, Oh – by the way, I use Arch Linux!

This is because installing Arch Linux on a machine requires you to have proper knowledge of how different parts of a Linux distribution work. So running Arch Linux on your system is kind of a testament to your understanding of Linux. Speaking from experience, installing Arch Linux is not very different from installing something like Fedora or Ubuntu. It's just that you have to go through the individual steps manually instead of having an installer do the things for you. But once you've gone through the process, you'll start to understand how the other distributions work in general.

In this article, I'll walk you through the entire process of installing and arch linux Arch Linux on your machine. I'll also discuss some common tasks and troubleshooting tips near the end.

So come with me and I'll show you how deep the rabbit hole goes. Table of Contents • Some Assumptions I'm Making • How to Create a Bootable Arch Linux USB Drive • How to Prepare Your Computer for Installing Arch Linux • How To Install Arch Linux • How To Set the Console Keyboard Layout and Font • How To Verify the Boot Mode • How To Connect to the Internet • How To Update the System Clock • How To Partition the Disks • How To Format the Partitions • How To Mount the File Systems • How To Configure the Mirrors • How To Install Arch Linux Base System • How To Configure Arch Linux • How To Generate the Fstab File • How To Login to The Newly Installed System Using Arch-Chroot • How To Configure the Time Zone • How To Configure the Localization • How To Configure the Network • How To Set the Root Password • How To Create a Non-root User • How To Install Microcode • How To Install and Configure a Boot Loader • How To Install Xorg • How To Install Graphics Drivers • How To Install a Desktop Environment • How To Install GNOME • How To Install Plasma • How To Finalize The Installation • How To Switch Between Desktop Environments • How To Manage Packages Using Pacman • How To Install Packages Using Pacman • How To Remove Packages Using Pacman • How To Upgrade Packages Using Pacman • How To Search for Packages Using Pacman • How To Use AUR in Arch Linux • How To Install Packages Using a Arch linux • How To Install Packages Manually • How To Troubleshoot Common Problems • How To Use the Live Arch ISO as a Rescue Media • Further Reading • Conclusion Some Assumptions I’m Making Before I jump into the core of the tutorial, I want to clarify a few things.

To make arch linux entire article approachable, I'm making the following assumptions about you and your system: • You know about Arch Linux at a basic level • Arch Linux • Frequently asked questions • Arch compared to other distributions • Your computer is using UEFI and not BIOS • You have a USB drive large enough (4GB) to boot Linux from • You have some previous experience installing Linux (Ubuntu/Fedora) • You have enough space to install linux on your HDD or SSD That's pretty much it.

If you have all of the above, you're good to go. How to Create a Bootable Arch Linux USB Drive To download Arch Linux, head to and download the latest release (2022.01.01 as of this writing). The ISO should be around 870 arch linux in size. Once downloaded, you'll need to put it in your USB. You can use the Fedora Media Writer program to do that.

Download and install the application on your system. Now connect your USB drive and open the application: Click on "Custom image" and use the file browser to pick the downloaded Arch Linux ISO file. The application will now let you pick one of your connected USB drives. Be very careful in selecting the right one if you have multiple USB drives connected to your machine.

Now hit the "Write to Disk" button and wait until the process is finished. How to Prepare Your Computer for Installing Arch Linux In this step you'll have to make a few changes to your system, otherwise Arch Linux may arch linux to boot or run properly. The first change that you'll have to make is disabling secure boot in your UEFI configuration.

This feature helps prevent malware attacks during boot but it also prevents the Arch Linux installer from booting. Detailed instructions on how you can disable this vary depending arch linux your motherboard or laptop brand.

You'll have to search the internet yourself to find the right way this time. The second thing that arch linux should disable is only relevant if you're installing Arch Linux alongside Windows. There is a Windows feature called fast startup that reduces the boot time of your computer by partially hibernating it. This is generally a nice feature to have but it prevents any other operating system in a dual boot configuration from accessing the hard disk in the process.

To disable this feature, open the start menu and search for "Choose a power plan" as follows: Then on the next window, click on "Choose what the power buttons do" from the left sidebar: Then on the next window you'll see a list of "Shutdown settings" and the "Turn on fast startup (recommended)" option should be shown as read only there. Click the "Change settings that are currently unavailable" at the top and you should then be able to change the settings.

Untick the "Turn on fast startup (recommended)" option and press the "Save changes" button at the bottom. From now on the boot process may take a few moments extra but it's all worth it. In this article, I'll install Arch Linux as my default operating system.

So I'll allocate my entire disk space to it. If you're trying to install it alongside Windows, however, I have a dedicated article on the topic. And in that article, there is a section that discusses the partitioning process in great detail. How To Install Arch Linux Assuming that you have a bootable USB drive and your computer is configured properly, you'll have to boot from the USB drive. The process of booting from a USB drive differs from machine to machine. On my machine, hitting the F12 key during boot takes me to the list of bootable devices.

From there I can pick my bootable USB drive. You may already know the appropriate technique for your computer or you may have to research a bit. Once you've managed to land on the list of connected bootable devices, select your USB drive to boot from and the following menu should show up: Choose the first one from the list and wait until the Arch installer finishes booting up.

Once fully booted up, you'll see something like this: That's it. That's all you'll get. Unlike other operating systems that you maybe familiar with, the Arch installer doesn't have any graphical user interface to automate the installation.

It rather requires you to arch linux your time and effort and configure each part of the distribution piece by piece. It may sound daunting but, to be honest, if you understand what you're doing, installing Arch Linux is quite fun. How To Set the Console Keyboard Layout and Font As I've already said, the Arch installer doesn't have a graphical user interface so there's going to be a lot of typing.

Configuring your keyboard layout and a nice looking font can make the installation process a lot less frustrating. By default, the console assumes that you have a standard US keyboard layout. This should be fine for most people but just in case if you happen to have a different one, you can change to that. All the available keymaps are usually kept inside the /usr/share/kbd/keymaps directory in the form of map.gz files.

You can see the list of them by using the ls command: ls /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/**/*.map.gz This will list out all the available key maps: Now for example, if you have the Mac-US keyboard layout, locate the corresponding map.gz file from this list which is the one. You can use the loadkeys command to load the desired keymap. To set as default, execute the following command: loadkeys mac-us You can also change the console font if you don't like the default one.

Just like the keymaps, the console fonts are kept inside the /usr/share/kbd/consolefonts which you can list out using the ls command: ls /usr/share/kbd/consolefonts This will list out all the available fonts: You can now use the setfont command for setting one of these. For example, if you want to set the drdos8x16 as default, execute the following command: setfont drdos8x16 Both the loadkeys and setfont commands are part of the kbd package containing essential Linux keyboard tools.

They have great documentation so if you'd like to learn more, feel free to check it out. How To Verify the Boot Mode Now that you have your console configured, the next step is to make sure that you've booted in UEFI mode and not in BIOS mode. To be honest, this step seems unnecessary to me since it literally says x86_64 UEFI in the live boot menu. But let's do it for arch linux sake of the official Arch installation guide.

To verify the boot mode, execute the following command: ls /sys/firmware/efi/efivars If you're in UEFI mode then, it will list out a bunch of files on your screen: In case of a BIOS boot, the efi directory won't even arch linux inside the /sys/firmware directory. If you're in UEFI mode, (which you should arch linux if you've followed everything properly) continue to the next step. How To Connect to the Internet Unlike a lot of other live distributions, the Arch live environment doesn't come with all necessary packages built into it.

It contains a number of bare minimum packages that you can use to install the rest of the system. So, a working internet connection is a must.

If you're using a wired network then you should have a working internet connection from the get go. To test it out, ping any of the public addresses out there: I'm making these screenshots using VirtualBox, arch linux the internet connection works perfectly with the wired connection. But if you have a wireless connection, things can get a bit tricky. The live environment comes with the iwd or iNet wireless daemon package.

You can use this package to connect to a nearby wireless network. To begin with, execute the following command: iwctl This will start an interactive prompt as follows: Now execute the following command to see the list of available wireless devices: device list This will spit out a list of available wireless devices. By wireless devices I mean any wireless adapter connected to your computer. Let's assume wlan0 is the device name. To scan for nearby wireless networks using the found device, execute the following command: # station scan station wlan0 scan You may think that this command will print out a list of all the nearby networks, but that's not the case.

To see the list of networks, execute the following command: # station get-networks station wlan0 get-networks Now assuming the name of your home network is called Skynet, you can connect to it by executing the following command: # station connect station wlan0 connect Skynet The iwctl program will prompt you for the wi-fi password.

Put it in carefully and, once connected to the network, exit the program by writing exit and hitting enter. Try pinging a public address once again and make sure that the internet is working fine. How To Update the System Arch linux In Linux, NTP or Network Time Protocol is used for synchronizing computer system clocks over a network. You can use the timedatectl command to enable NTP on your Arch live environment: timedatectl set-ntp true This command will start outputting some output and after a few seconds.

If you do not see the command cursor show up again, try pressing Enter. I've faced this inconvenience a few times in arch linux past. How To Partition the Disks This is probably the most sensitive step of the entire installation process – because if you mess up your partitions, you lose your precious data.

So my advice would be to not immediately follow along with this section. Instead, read the whole section first and then follow along.

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To begin the partitioning process, you'll have to first know about the different disks connected to your computer. You can use fdisk which is a dialog-driven program for creation and manipulation of partition tables. fdisk -l This command will list the partition tables for all the available devices on your computer.

As you can see, there are two devices connected to my computer (virtual machine actually). Depending on the number of devices you have, this list can be longer so ignore any device ending with rom, loop, or airoot when reviewing the list. You can not use those devices for the installation.

So that leaves us with the /dev/sda device. Keep in mind that this can be completely different on your machine. For example, if you have an NVME drive, you may see /dev/nvme0n1 instead. Once you've decided which device to use, it's a good idea to check if there are any existing partitions inside that device. To do so, you can use the following variation of the same fdisk command: fdisk /dev/sda -l Remember to replace /dev/sda with what you have.

This command will list out all the partitions inside the given device. Although there are no partitions in this device, in a real life situation you may have previously created partitions. Those partitions will show up as /dev/sda1, /dev/sda2 or in the case of a NVME drive /dev/nvme0n1p1, /dev/nvme0n1p2 and so on. The fdisk program can do a lot more than just listing partitions. Consult the corresponding ArchWiki page to know about the tasks you can perform using this program.

There is another program cfdisk which is a curses- (programming library) based disk partition table manipulator for Linux.

It's similar in functionality with fdisk arch linux being curses-based means it has an interface which makes it easier to work with. Execute the following command to start cfdisk on your preferred device: cfdisk /dev/sda Remember to replace /dev/sda with what you have. If the device has a previously created partition table, then cfdisk will directly show the list of partitions. Otherwise you'll get to choose a partition table type to begin with: Choose gpt for your UEFI based system.

Next, you'll land on the list of partitions and free space on the device: You can move vertically along the list of devices using your up/down arrow keys and move horizontally along the different actions using the left/right arrow keys. To install Arch, or any other Linux distribution, you'll need three separate partitions. They are as follows: • EFI system partition – for storing files required by the UEFI firmware.

• ROOT – for installing the distribution itself. • SWAP – for serving as the overflow space for your RAM. Make sure the right partition/free space is highlighted in the list and select the [ New ] action.

Put the desired partition size. You can use M to denote megabytes, G for gigabytes, and T for terabytes. For an EFI system partition, you should allocate at least 500MB. Once you've put your desire size, press Enter to finalize. The updated list of partitions may look as follows: The EFI system partition is a special type of partition. It has to be in a specific type and format. To change the default type, keep the newly created partition highlighted arch linux select [ Type ] from the list of actions.

Arch linux this long arch linux of types, highlight EFI System and press Enter. The type of the partition in the list should update accordingly: Next is the root partition. Highlight the remaining free space and select [ New ] once again.

This time assign 10GB to this partition. The ideal size of the root partition depends on your necessities. Personally I allocate at least 100GB to the root partition of all my Linux installations.

You don't need to change the type of this partition. The default Linux filesystem will do. Create one last partition with the remaining space and change its type to Linux swap from the menu: The ideal size of a swap partition is a matter of debate. Personally I don't have swap partitions on my machines. The amount of physical RAM I have is more than enough. But if I ever feel the need for one later on, I use a swapfile instead. Anyways, the final state of your device should be as follows: If you're happy with the set-up, highlight [ Write arch linux from the action list and hit Enter.

The program will ask whether you want to persist these changes or not. You'll have to write yes and press enter if you agree. Once the partition table has been altered, select [ Quit ] to exit from the program. One thing that I would like to mention for those trying to install Arch Linux alongside Windows is, in that case, the EFI system partition should already exist in your device. So arch linux touch that. Just create arch linux other partitions and move on. How To Format the Partitions Now that you've created the necessary partitions, you'll have to format them accordingly.

You can use the mkfs and mkswap programs to do that. Before the formatting, take a final look at your partition list by executing the following command: fdisk /dev/sda -l This time you'll see the three newly created partitions with their details: Take note of the device names, like /dev/sda1, /dev/sda2, /dev/sda3 and so on.

The EFI system partition has to be in FAT32 format. Execute the following command to format a partition in FAT32 format: mkfs.fat -F32 /dev/sda1 The next one is the root partition.

It can be in a number of formats, but I prefer using EXT4 for all of my Linux filesystems. Use the following command to format the partition in EXT4: mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda2 This operation may take a few moments to finish depending on your partition size.

Finally, the swap partition. Use the following command to format that: mkswap /dev/sda3 With that, you've finished the process of preparing your partitions for the installation. How To Mount the File Systems Now that you've created arch linux formatted your partitions, you're ready mount them. You can use the mount command with appropriate mount points to mount any partition: # mount mount /dev/sda2 /mnt Arch linux hope you remember that the /dev/sda2 partition was created to be the root partition.

The arch linux mount point in Linux is for mounting a storage device temporarily. As we only need to mount the partition for installing Arch Linux on it, the /mnt mount point is perfect. In the case of a swap partition, you won't mount it like the other ones. You'll have to tell Linux to use this partition as swap explicitly.

To do so, execute the following command: swapon /dev/sda3 As you may have guessed, the swapon command tells the system to swap on this device. We'll work with the EFI system partition in a later section. For now, mounting these two partitions will suffice. How To Configure the Mirrors There is one last step before you can install Arch Linux on your machine, and that is configuring the mirrors. Mirrors are servers located at different pointes around the world for serving the nearby population.

The installer comes with Reflector, a Python script written for retrieving the latest mirror arch linux the Arch Linux Mirror Status page. To print out the latest mirror list, simply execute the following command: reflector If you have a slow internet connection, you may encounter an error message as follows: failed to rate http(s) download ( Download timed out after 5 second(s). This happens when the default timeout (5 seconds) is lower than the actual time it's taking to download the information.

You can remedy to this problem by using the --download-timeout option: reflector --download-timeout 60 Now reflector will wait for a whole minute before starting to scream. A long list of mirrors should show up on your screen: Going through the entire list to find nearby mirrors would be a pain.

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That's why reflector can do that for you. Reflector can generate a list of mirrors based on a plethora of given constraints. For example, I want a list of mirrors that were synchronized within the last 12 hours and that are located either arch linux India or Singapore (these two are closest to my location), and sort the mirrors by download speed. Arch linux out, reflector can do that: reflector --download-timeout 60 --country India,Singapore --age 12 --protocol https --sort rate The found servers will be listed like before: Printing out a mirror list like this is not enough.

You'll have to persist the list in the /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist location. Pacman, the default package manager for Arch Linux, uses this file to learn about the mirrors. Before overwriting the default mirror list, make a copy of it: cp /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.bak Now execute the reflector command with the --save option as follows: reflector --download-timeout 60 --country India,Singapore --age 12 --protocol https --sort rate --save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist This command will generate the mirror list and overwrite the default one.

Now you're ready to install the base Arch Linux system. How To Install Arch Linux Base System Before installing the base system, it's a good idea to update the package cache according to the new mirror list. To do so, execute the following command: pacman -Sy The pacman program to Arch Linux is what apt is to Ubuntu or dnf is to Fedora. The -S option means sync which is equivalent to install in apt or dnf package managers.

Once the update process is finished, you can use the pacstrap script to install the Arch Linux system. Execute the following command to start the installation process: pacstrap /mnt base base-devel linux linux-firmware sudo nano ntfs-3g networkmanager The pacstrap script can install packages to a specified new root directory. As you may remember, the root partition was mounted on the /mnt mount point, so that's what you'll use with this script.

Then you'll pass the package names you want to install: • base – Minimal package set to define a basic Arch Linux installation. • base-devel – Group of packages required for building software from source. • linux – The kernel itself. • linux-firmware – Drivers for common hardware. • sudo – You want to run commands as root right? • nano – A pico editor clone with some enhancements. • ntfs-3g – NTFS filesystem driver and utilities required for working with NTFS drives.

• networkmanager – Provides detection and configuration for systems to automatically connect to networks. I would like to clarify that this list of seven packages is not something mandatory. To have a functional Arch Linux installation, you just need the base, linux, and linux-firmware packages. But considering you'll need the other ones anyway, why not catch 'em all in one go. Depending on arch linux internet connection, the installation process may take a while. Sit back and relax until pacstrap does its thing.

Once it's done, you'll see something as follows: Congratulations, you've successfully installed Arch Linux on your computer. All that is left to do now is configuring the system. How To Configure Arch Linux Installing Arch Linux wasn't that hard right? In fact in my opinion, installing it is way more straightforward than configuring it.

There is a lot to do here. So let's get started. How To Generate the Fstab File According to the ArchWiki, The fstab file can be used to define how disk partitions, various other block devices, or remote file systems should be mounted into the file system.

In other distributions like Ubuntu or Fedora this gets generated automatically during the installation. On Arch however, you'll have to do it manually. To do so, execute the following command: genfstab -U /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab The genfstab program can detect all the current arch linux below a given mount point and print them in fstab-compatible format to standard output.

So genfstab -U /mnt will output all current mounts under the /mnt mount point. We can save that output to the /mnt/etc/fstab file using the >> operator. How To Login to The Newly Installed System Using Arch-Chroot Right now you're logged into the live environment and and not into your newly installed system.

To continue configuring your newly installed system, you'll have to first log into it. To do so, execute the following command: arch-chroot /mnt The arch-chroot bash script is part of the arch-install-scripts package and lets you change to the newly installed system's root user without any reboot.

How cool is that! How To Configure the Time Zone Once you've switched root, the first thing to configure is the time zone. To see a list of all the available zones, execute the following command: ls /usr/share/zoneinfo All the major zones should be in the arch linux.

I live in Dhaka, Bangladesh which resides inside the Asia zone. If I list out the content of Asia, I should see Dhaka there: To set Asia/Dhaka as my default time zone, I'll have to make a symbolic link of the file at the /etc/localtime location: ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Dhaka /etc/localtime The ln command is used for creating symbolic links. The -sf options indicate soft and force, respectively.

How To Configure the Localization Now you'll have to configure your languages. Arch Linux has an easy way to set that up as well.

First, you'll have to edit the etc/locale.gen file according to your localization. Open the file in the nano text editor: nano /etc/locale.gen You'll see a long list of languages: You'll have to uncomment the languages that you want to enable. I usually only need English and Bengali. So I'll locate the en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8, bn_BD UTF-8, and bn_IN UTF-8 languages. Save the file by pressing Ctrl + O and exit nano by pressing the Ctrl + X key combination.

Now you'll have to execute the following command: locale-gen The locale-gen command will read your /etc/locale.gen file and generate the locales accordingly. Now that you've enabled multiple languages, you'll have to tell Arch Linux which one to use by default. To do so, open the /etc/locale.conf file and add arch linux following line to it: LANG=en_US.UTF-8 That's all you gotta do to configure your locale. You can always go back to the /etc/locale.gen file and add or remove languages from it.

Just remember to run locale-gen whenever you do that. Apart from the locales, if you've made any changes to your console keymaps in the first step of installation, you may want to persist them now.

To do so, open the /etc/vconsole.conf file and add your preferred keymaps there. For example, if you changed the default keymaps to mac-us in the first step, then you may want to add the following line to the vconsole.conf file: KEYMAP=mac-us Now every time you use the virtual console, it'll have the correct keymap and you will not have to configure it every time.

How To Configure the Network Configuring a network manually in any Linux distribution can be tricky. That's why I advised you to install the networkmanager package during the system installation.

If you did as I said, you're good to go. Otherwise, use pacman to install the package now: pacman -S networkmanager Pacman is a package manager. You'll learn more about it later. Let's set the host name for your computer now. A host name is a unique name created to identify a machine on a network, written in the /etc/hostname file. Open the file with nano and write your host name in it. You can use anything to identify your machine.

Arch linux usually use my device brand or model as my hostname and as I'm on a legion laptop, I'll simply write the following: legion Local host name resolution is provided by nss-myhostname (an NSS module provided by systemd) without having to edit /etc/hosts file. It is enabled by default. But some software may still read the /etc/hosts file directly. Open the file in nano and add the following lines to it: localhost ::1 localhost legion Make sure to replace legion with your host name.

Now you may install the aforementioned package: pacman -S networkmanager Enable the NetworkManager service by executing the following command: systemctl enable NetworkManager Make sure to write NetworkManager and not networkmanager as the service name. If the command succeeds, network manager will start automatically on boot from now on and do its thing. How To Set the Root Password You may want to set a password for the root user because arch linux not?

To do so, execute the following command: passwd The passwd command lets you change the password for a user. By default it affects the current user's arch linux which is the root right now. It'll ask for a new password and confirmation password.

Input them carefully and make sure you don't forget the password. How To Create a Non-root User Using your Linux system as the root user for long is not a good idea. So creating a non-root user is important. To create a new user, execute the following command: useradd -m -G wheel farhan The useradd command lets you create a new user. Make sure to replace my name with the one you want to use.

Arch linux -m option indicates that you also want it to create the corresponding home directory. The -G option will add the new user to the wheel group which is the administration user group in Arch Linux. Now you can use the passwd command once again to set the password for the newly created user: passwd farhan The program will prompt you for a new password and a password confirmation. Again, don't forget to replace my name with the one you've used.

Finally, you'll have to enable sudo privilege for this new user. To do so, open the /etc/sudoers file using nano. Once open, locate the following line and uncomment it: # %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL This file essentially means that all users in the wheel group can use sudo by providing their password. Save the file by hitting Ctrl + O and exit nano by hitting Ctrl + X. Now the new user will be able to use sudo when necessary.

How To Install Microcode According to PCMag, A set of elementary instructions in a complex instruction set computer (CISC). The microcode resides in a separate high-speed memory and functions as a translation layer between the machine instructions and the circuit level of the computer.

Microcode enables the computer designer to create machine instructions without having to design electronic circuits. Processor manufacturers such as Intel and AMD often release stability and security updates to the processor. These updates are crucial for the system's stability. In Arch Linux, microcode updates are available through official packages that every user should install on their systems. # for amd processors pacman -S amd-ucode # for intel processors pacman -S intel-ucode Just installing these packages is not enough though.

You'll have to make sure that your bootloader is loading them. You'll learn about it in the next arch linux.

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How To Install and Configure a Boot Loader According to Wikipedia, A bootloader, also spelled as boot loader or called boot manager and bootstrap loader, is a computer program that is responsible for booting a computer.

The internals of bootloader is out of scope of this article so I'll just go on with the installation process. If you've used any other Linux distribution in the arch linux you may have encountered the GRUB menu. GRUB is one of the most popular bootloaders out there. Although there are a number of options available, I'll demonstrate the installation of GRUB because it is what most people will likely use. To install GRUB, you'll have to first install two packages.

pacman -S grub efibootmgr If you're installing alongside other operating systems, you'll also need the os-prober package: pacman arch linux os-prober This program will search for already installed operating systems on your system and will make them a part of the GRUB configuration file. Now, you'll have to mount the EFI system partition you created a few sections ago. To do so, you'll have to first create an efi directory: mkdir /boot/efi According to Wikipedia, In Linux, and other Unix-like operating systems, the arch linux directory holds files used in booting the operating system.

This directory is present in all Unix-like operating systems. The above mentioned command creates a directory called efi inside the /boot directory. After creating the directory, you'll have to mount your EFI system partition in that directory. mount /dev/sda1 /boot/efi I hope you remember that we formatted the /dev/sda1 device as the EFI system partition during the partitioning phase.

Make sure to use the correct one for your device. Now, we'll use the grub-install command to install GRUB in the newly mounted EFI system partition: grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --bootloader-id=grub You can more or less use this command verbatim.

You can change the --bootloader-id to something more expressive like arch or something else. If the installation finishes without any errors, you'll then have to generate the GRUB configuration file. If you're installing alongside other operating systems, you'll have to enable os-prober before generating the configuration file. To do so, open the /etc/default/grub file in nano text editor. Locate the following line and uncomment it: #GRUB_DISABLE_OS_PROBER=false This should be the last line in the aforementioned file so just scroll to the bottom and uncomment it.

Now execute the following command to generate the configuration file: grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg The grub-mkconfig command generates the GRUB configuration file and saves it to a given target location. In this case /boot/grub/grub.cfg is the target location. The command will also take into account the microcode you installed earlier and any other existing operating system on your machine.

Congratulations, you now have a working Arch Linux installation. At this point, you can exit the Arch-Chroot environment, unmount the partition, and reboot. But I would suggest you to stay a bit longer and set-up the graphical user interface as well. How To Install Xorg To run programs with graphical user interfaces on your system, you'll have to install an X Window System implementation. The most common one is Xorg. To install Xorg, execute the following command: pacman -S xorg-server Wait until the installation is done and then move on to installing the necessary graphics drivers.

How To Install Graphics Drivers Installing graphics drivers on Arch Linux arch linux very straightforward. You just install the packages required by your graphics processing unit and call it a day.

# for nvidia graphics processing unit pacman -S nvidia nvidia-utils # for amd discreet and integrated graphics processing unit pacman -S xf86-video-amdgpu # for intel integrated graphics processing unit pacman -S xf86-video-intel If you need further assistance, feel free to check the ArchWiki page.

How To Install a Desktop Environment Now that you've installed Xorg and the necessary graphics drivers, you're ready to install a desktop environment like GNOME, Plasma, or XFCE. Arch Linux supports a long list of desktop environments but I've only tried out GNOME and Plasma. I'll demonstrate how you can install either of these two. How To Install GNOME To install GNOME, you'll have to install the gnome package. To do so, execute the following command: pacman -S gnome During the installation, you'll be offered multiple choices for pipwire-session-manager and emoji-font packages.

Accept the defaults by hitting Arch linux in both prompts. The installation may take some time to finish.

The gnome package comes with GDM or Gnome Display Manager. You can enable the service by executing the following command: systemctl enable gdm That's all you need to do to get GNOME up and running on your Arch arch linux.

How To Install Plasma The KDE Plasma installation is not that different from GNOME. You'll need to install Plasma related packages instead of GNOME. pacman -S plasma plasma-wayland-session If you have an NVIDIA graphics card, then avoid installing the plasma-wayland-session and use plain old X11. I own two devices with NVIDIA GPUs and both of them have shown instability when using Wayland.

During the installation, you'll get multiple choices for ttf-font, pipwire-session-manager, and phonon-qt5-backend packages. Make sure to pick noto-fonts as your ttf-font and accept the defaults for the other two.

Like gdm in GNOME, Plasma comes with sddm as the default display manager. Execute the following command to enable the service: systemctl enable sddm And that's all you need to do to get Plasma up and running on your Arch Linux system. How To Finalize The Installation Now that you've installed Arch Linux arch linux gone through all necessary configuration steps, you can reboot to your newly installed system. To do so, first come out of the Arch-Chroot environment: exit Next, unmount the root partition to make sure there are no pending operations: umount -R /mnt Now reboot the machine: reboot Wait until you see the GRUB menu.

Choose Arch Linux from the list and wait until the system finishes booting up. Log in with your user credentials and voilà! Your shiny new Arch Linux system is ready to do wonders. How To Switch Between Desktop Environments Unlike other distributions arch linux tightly with their default desktop environment, Arch is flexible. You can switch to another desktop environment arch linux you feel like it. To do so, first logout of your current session. As you can see, I'm currently using Plasma.

Now switch to TTY2 press Ctrl + Alt + F2 key combination. You'll see a console login prompt: Login with the root credentials and disable the sddm display manager.

arch linux

systemctl disable sddm Then uninstall the Plasma related packages you installed earlier: sudo pacman -Rns plasma plasma-wayland-session Once the packages have been uninstalled, install the packages needed for GNOME: pacman -S gnome Then perform the installation according to the section you read earlier. After the gnome package has been installed, enable the gdm display manager: systemctl enable gdm Restart the computer.

reboot Wait until the Arch Linux system finishes booting. Lo and behold, the gorgeous Gnome Display Manager. Login with your credentials. You can switch between the desktop environments as much as you want to, but I would suggest on settling down with one of them.

Also, I wouldn't recommend having multiples of them installed at the same time. How To Manage Packages Using Pacman You've already installed a number of packages arch linux pacman. It's equivalent to package managers like apt in Ubuntu and dnf in Fedora.

In this section, I'll introduce you to some of the common pacman commands that you may need on a daily basis. How To Install Packages Using Pacman To install a package using pacman, you can use the following command syntax: # sudo pacman -S sudo pacman -S rust You can install multiple packages as follows: # sudo pacman -S sudo pacman -S rust golang You can also specify the arch linux you want to install the package arch linux like this: # sudo pacman -S / sudo pacman -S extra/rust In this command, the -S option means synchronize which is equivalent to install in the case of apt or dnf package managers.

How To Remove Packages Using Pacman To remove a package using pacman you can use the following syntax: # sudo pacman -R sudo pacman -R rust This will remove the package but will leave the dependencies. You can remove the package with dependencies if they're not required by any other package by executing the following command: # sudo pacman -Rs sudo pacman -Rs rust Pacman often saves important configuration files when removing certain arch linux.

You can override this behavior by using the following syntax: # sudo pacman -Rn sudo pacman -Rn rust I usually arch linux sudo pacman -Rns whenever I want to uninstall something. One last thing that I want to show is how to remove orphan packages. In Ubuntu the sudo apt autoremove command uninstalls any unnecessary package. The equivalent command in Arch is: sudo pacman -Qdtq - pacman -Rs - This will cleanup any leftover package from previously installed packages.

How To Upgrade Packages Using Pacman To upgrade all the packages in your system, you can use the following syntax: sudo pacman -Syu In this command, the S option synchronizes the packages, y refreshes the local package cache, and u updates the arch linux.

This is like the ultimate upgrade command and I run it at least once everyday. How To Search for Packages Using Pacman To search for a package in the database, you can use the following syntax: # sudo pacman -Ss sudo pacman -Ss rust This will print out all the packages found in the database with that search term and will also indicate if any of those are already installed. If you would like to check if a package is already installed or not, you can use the following command: # sudo pacman -Qs sudo pacman -Qs rust This is useful when you want to uninstall a package but do not know its exact name.

How To Use AUR in Arch Linux According to It's FOSS, Arch linux stands for Arch User Repository. It is a community-driven repository for Arch-based Linux distributions users. It contains package descriptions named PKGBUILDs that allow you to compile a package from source with makepkg and then install it via pacman (package manager in Arch Linux). AUR is one of the most attractive features of Arch Linux. It's due to AUR that Arch Linux has a package count almost equal to Debian.

You've already used pacman to install various packages. Sadly, you can not use that to install packages from AUR. You'll have to install one of the AUR helpers instead. Arch Linux doesn't support any of these helpers and advises you to learn how to build packages manually.

I'll explain both techniques here. If you understand how a helper works, you'll be able to do it manually as well. How To Install Packages Using a Helper Among the available and currently maintained AUR helpers, I like the yay or yet another yogurt package.

It's written in Go and is quite solid. You can not install yay like other packages. You'll have to get the source code and compile the program. You'll need git and the base-devel package to do so. Assuming you've already installed base-devel during Arch Linux installation: pacman -S git Clone the yay repository from GitHub and cd into it: git clone && cd yay To build and install yay from source, execute the following command: makepkg -si The makepkg script arch linux the build process of packages.

The -si options stand for sync dependencies and install. The first option will install required dependencies (Golang in this case) and the later option will install the built package. After the build process finishes, makepkg will ask for installation confirmation and your password. Input your password carefully and let the installation finish. Check if yay has been installed properly or not: yay --version # yay v11.1.0 - libalpm v13.0.1 Now let's install something using yay. One of the common packages you may want to install is the visual-studio-code-bin package.

To do so, execute the following command: yay -S visual-studio-code-bin Unlike pacman, you shouldn't run yay with sudo. Yay will look for the given package and will ask whether you would like to see the diff or not: All the repositories over at AUR comes with a PKGBUILD file which contains the instructions for building this package. Yay has this nice feature where it shows you what has changed in the PKGBUILD file since the last time.

For now, I'll pick N for none and hit enter. Yay will now look for the dependencies and ask for your password to install them. Confirm the installation and provide your password. Yay will then install the arch linux and start building the package. Once built, yay will install the package and prompt for your password where necessary. After the installation finishes, search for Visual Studio Code in the application launcher: Congratulations on installing your first package from AUR.

Yay commands are almost identical to pacman, so if you can do something with pacman, you should be able to do that with yay as well. In fact, yay can also install packages from official Arch Linux repositories like pacman. But I would suggest you to use yay only for installing packages from AUR when necessary and pacman for everything else.

How To Install Packages Manually Like I said in the previous section, the ArchWiki suggests avoiding any AUR helper and installing packages from AUR manually.

I'll now show you how to do it. Make sure you have git and base-devel packages installed. If not, use pacman to install them. For the demonstration, let's install Spotify this time. First visit the AUR page for the spotify package - and copy the "Git Clone URL" from there.

The page even lists all the dependencies you'll need. Clone the repository to your machine: Every AUR repository comes with a PKGBUILD file containing the instructions for building the package. Whenever you're installing a package from AUR, it's a great idea to checkout the PKGBUILD file using something like the cat command: Make sure there's nothing harmful in the file.

Once you're satisfied, use makepkg to install any dependencies, build the package, and install it. Ideally there shouldn't be any issues but sometimes, things can take an unexpected turn. Arch linux these cases, go back to the corresponding AUR page and check the user comments. Like in this case, I found the following pinned comment: Turns out the package requires you to add the Spotify for Linux gpg key to the user kyechain.

This command downloads the gpg key using curl and pipes it as the input of the gpg --import command: Try executing makepkg arch linux once again and everything should work fine this time: See, told ya! Manually installing packages often involves such troubleshooting but help is almost always around the comment corner.

Let's enjoy some music now. How To Troubleshoot Common Problems Look, I've been using Arch as my primary on all my devices for some years now but I still run into issues. Fortunately there are some great places to look for help when you're stuck: • ArchWiki • Arch Linux Forum • r/archlinux For the most part, the wiki should have the information you're looking for.

In fact, if you're on a laptop and having difficulty getting something to work, there is arch linux entire wiki category dedicated to different laptops.

So look around the wiki. If the wiki fails to solve your problem, then ask other fellow users at the forum as well as the subreddit. But whenever you're doing that, make sure to do your research first and include as much description as you can in the post. It's really annoying if other users have to keep asking you for more information and it'll also lower the chance that you'll get an answer. How To Use the Live Arch ISO as a Rescue Media Whatever people may say, Arch Linux is very stable as long as you know what you're doing.

If you go arch linux installing every funky package you come across in the AUR or keep switching different kernels without knowing what they're for, your system may fail to boot. In those cases, you can use your live USB drive as a rescue media. To do so, reconnect the bootable USB to your computer and boot into the live environment. Once there, configure the time, keymaps, and fonts if you want to. Then use fdisk to list out all your partitions and locate the one holding your Arch Linux installation.

In my case it's arch linux /dev/sda2 partition. Mount the partition like you did before: mount /dev/sda2 /mnt Now use Arch-Chroot to log in as the root user. arch-chroot /mnt Now uninstall the bad package you installed or go back to a kernel version that used to work in the past and so on. Once done, exit the Arch-Chroot environment, unmount the partition, and reboot: exit umount -R /mnt reboot If the computer boots fine then congratulations. Otherwise try the wiki, forum, or the subreddit.

If nothing works, you may have to do a fresh install. Further Reading If you've come this far then you've done a lot of reading already – but that's not all. This entire handbook was written by combining information from the wiki, forum, and subreddit.

I'm listing out some wiki pages that I think you should read. • Installation guide • Network configuration • General recommendation • Desktop environment • pacman • Arch Build System • makepkg • List of applications Couldn't think of any more at the moment but I'll keep this list updated. Conclusion I would like to thank you from the bottom of my heart for the time you've spent on reading this article. I hope you've enjoyed your time and have learned a arch linux about not only Arch but Linux in general Apart from this one, I've arch linux full-length handbooks on other complicated topics available for free on freeCodeCamp.

These handbooks are part of my mission to simplify hard to understand technologies for everyone. Each of these handbooks arch linux a lot of time arch linux effort to write. If you've enjoyed my writing and want to keep me motivated, consider leaving starts on GitHub and endorse me for relevant skills on LinkedIn. I'm always open to suggestions and discussions on Twitter or LinkedIn.

Hit me with direct messages. In the end, consider sharing the resources with others, because In open source, we feel strongly that to really do something well, you have to get a lot of people involved.

— Linus Torvalds Till the next one, stay safe and keep learning. freeCodeCamp is a donor-supported tax-exempt 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization (United States Federal Tax Identification Number: 82-0779546) Our mission: to help people learn to code for free.

We accomplish this by creating thousands of videos, articles, and interactive coding lessons - all freely available to the public. We also have thousands of freeCodeCamp study groups around the world. Donations to freeCodeCamp go toward our education initiatives, and help pay for servers, services, and staff. You can make a tax-deductible donation here.
Releases This is a list of ISO releases made by the Arch Linux release engineering team.

These are typically done on a monthly cadence, containing arch linux latest kernel and base packages from the package repositories. Click the version of each release to read any additional notes or details about each release. Torrents and magnet URIs are available to download the releases. Releases listed as not available may still be seeded by peers, but are no longer registered via the official Arch Linux torrent tracker. We always recommend running the latest available release. Release Date Version Kernel Version Available?

Download Size 2022-05-01 2022.05.01 5.17.5 Yes 826.3 MB 2022-04-05 2022.04.05 5.17.1 Yes 824.3 MB 2022-04-01 2022.04.01 5.17.1 No 824.3 MB 2022-03-01 2022.03.01 5.16.11 Yes 807.3 MB 2022-02-01 2022.02.01 5.16.4 No 812.3 MB 2022-01-01 2022.01.01 5.15.12 No 864.3 MB 2021-12-01 2021.12.01 5.15.5 No 850.3 MB 2021-11-01 2021.11.01 5.14.15 No 846.3 MB 2021-10-01 2021.10.01 5.14.8 No 846.3 MB 2021-09-01 2021.09.01 5.13.13 No 832.3 MB 2021-08-01 2021.08.01 5.13.6 No 831.3 MB 2021-07-01 2021.07.01 5.12.13 No 779.3 MB 2021-06-01 2021.06.01 5.12.8 No 774.3 Arch linux 2021-05-01 2021.05.01 5.11.16 No 755.3 MB 2021-04-01 2021.04.01 5.11.11 No 750.3 MB 2021-03-01 2021.03.01 5.11.2 No 734.3 MB 2021-02-01 2021.02.01 5.10.11 No 695.3 MB arch linux 2021.01.01 5.10.3 No 690.3 MB 2020-12-01 2020.12.01 5.9.11 No 682.3 MB 2020-11-01 2020.11.01 5.9.2 No 731.3 MB 2020-10-01 2020.10.01 5.8.12 No 681.0 MB 2020-09-01 2020.09.01 5.8.5 No 679.0 MB 2020-08-01 2020.08.01 5.7.11 No 671.0 MB 2020-07-01 2020.07.01 5.7.6 No 647.0 MB 2020-06-01 2020.06.01 5.6.15 No 662.0 MB 2020-05-01 2020.05.01 5.6.8 No 652.0 MB 2020-04-01 2020.04.01 5.5.13 No 649.0 MB 2020-03-01 2020.03.01 5.5.6 No 651.0 MB 2020-02-01 2020.02.01 5.4.15 No 646.0 MB 2020-01-01 2020.01.01 5.4.6 No 656.0 MB 2019-12-01 2019.12.01 5.3.13 No 639.0 MB 2019-11-01 2019.11.01 5.3.8 No 635.0 MB 2019-10-01 2019.10.01 5.3.1 No 627.0 MB 2019-09-01 2019.09.01 5.2.11 No 623.0 MB 2019-08-01 2019.08.01 5.2.5 No 622.0 MB 2019-07-01 2019.07.01 5.1.15 No 615.0 MB 2019-06-01 2019.06.01 5.1.5 No 614.0 MB 2019-05-02 2019.05.02 5.0.10 No 609.0 MB 2019-05-01 2019.05.01 5.0.10 No 608.0 MB 2019-04-01 2019.04.01 5.0.5 No 604.0 MB 2019-03-01 2019.03.01 4.20.13 No 602.0 MB 2019-02-01 2019.02.01 4.20.6 No 600.0 MB 2019-01-01 2019.01.01 4.20.0 No 602.0 MB 2018-12-01 2018.12.01 4.19.4 No 588.0 MB 2018-11-01 2018.11.01 4.18.16 No 586.0 MB 2018-10-01 2018.10.01 4.18.9 No 577.0 MB 2018-09-01 2018.09.01 4.18.5 No 571.0 MB 2018-08-01 2018.08.01 4.17.11 No 573.0 MB 2018-07-01 2018.07.01 4.17.3 No 574.0 MB 2018-06-01 2018.06.01 4.16.12 No 571.0 MB 2018-05-01 2018.05.01 4.16.5 No 560.0 MB 2018-04-01 2018.04.01 4.15.14 No 556.0 MB 2018-03-01 2018.03.01 4.15.6 No 551.0 MB 2018-02-01 2018.02.01 4.14.15 No 539.0 MB 2018-01-01 2018.01.01 4.14.9 No 522.0 MB 2017-12-01 arch linux 4.13.12 No 516.0 MB 2017-11-01 2017.11.01 4.13.9 No 523.0 MB 2017-10-01 2017.10.01 4.13.3 No 523.0 MB 2017-09-01 2017.09.01 4.12.8 No 518.0 MB 2017-08-01 2017.08.01 4.12.3 No 516.0 MB 2017-07-01 2017.07.01 4.11.7 No 510.0 MB 2017-06-01 2017.06.01 4.11.3 No 488.0 MB 2017-05-01 2017.05.01 4.10.13 No 481.0 MB arch linux 2017.04.01 4.10.6 No 478.0 MB 2017-03-01 2017.03.01 4.9.11 No 476.0 MB 2017-02-01 2017.02.01 4.9.6 No 870.0 MB 2017-01-01 2017.01.01 4.8.13 Arch linux 867.0 MB 2016-12-01 2016.12.01 4.8.11 No 799.0 MB 2016-11-01 2016.11.01 4.8.6 No 797.0 MB 2016-10-01 2016.10.01 4.7.5 No 792.0 MB 2016-09-03 2016.09.03 4.7.2 No 756.0 MB 2016-08-01 2016.08.01 4.6.4 No 742.0 MB 2016-07-01 2016.07.01 4.6.3 No 749.0 MB 2016-06-01 2016.06.01 4.5.4 No 744.0 MB 2016-05-01 2016.05.01 4.5.1 No 734.0 MB 2016-04-01 2016.04.01 4.4.5 No 724.0 MB 2016-03-01 2016.03.01 4.4.1 Arch linux 709.0 MB 2016-02-01 2016.02.01 4.3.3 No 701.0 MB 2016-01-01 2016.01.01 4.3.3 No 686.0 MB 2015-12-01 2015.12.01 4.2.5 No 663.0 MB 2015-11-01 2015.11.01 4.2.5 No 659.0 MB 2015-10-02 2015.10.01 4.2.2 No 658.0 MB 2015-09-01 2015.09.01 4.1.6 No 658.0 MB 2015-08-01 2015.08.01 4.1.3 No 657.0 MB 2015-07-01 2015.07.01 4.0.7 No 646.0 MB 2015-06-01 2015.06.01 4.0.4 No 637.0 MB 2015-05-01 2015.05.01 4.0.1 No 626.0 MB 2015-04-01 2015.04.01 3.19.2 No 599.0 MB 2015-03-01 2015.03.01 3.18.6 No 595.0 MB 2015-02-01 2015.02.01 3.18.4 No 588.0 MB 2015-01-01 2015.01.01 3.17.6 No 587.0 MB 2014-12-01 2014.12.01 3.17.4 No 578.0 MB 2014-11-01 2014.11.01 3.17.1 No 577.0 Arch linux 2014-10-01 2014.10.01 3.16.3 No 572.0 MB 2014-09-03 2014.09.03 3.16.1 No 574.0 MB 2014-08-01 2014.08.01 3.15.7 No 559.0 MB 2014-07-03 2014.07.03 3.15.3 No 558.0 MB 2014-06-01 2014.06.01 3.14.4 No 547.0 MB 2014-05-01 2014.05.01 3.14.1 No 539.0 MB 2014-04-01 2014.04.01 3.13.7 No 534.0 MB 2014-03-01 2014.03.01 3.13.5 No 527.0 MB 2014-02-01 2014.02.01 3.12.9 No 539.0 MB 2014-01-05 2014.01.05 3.12.6 No 528.0 MB 2013-12-01 2013.12.01 3.12.1 No 522.0 MB 2013-11-01 2013.11.01 3.11.6 No 516.0 MB 2013-10-01 2013.10.01 3.11.2 No 529.0 MB 2013-09-01 2013.09.01 3.10.10 No 525.0 MB 2013-08-01 2013.08.01 3.10.3 No 526.0 MB 2013-07-01 2013.07.01 3.9.8 No 522.0 MB 2013-06-01 2013.06.01 3.9.4 No 523.0 MB 2013-05-01 2013.05.01 3.8.10 No 509.0 MB arch linux 2013.04.01 3.8.4 No 506.0 MB 2013-03-01 2013.03.01 3.7.9 No 501.0 MB 2013-02-01 2013.02.01 3.7.5 No 498.0 MB 2013-01-04 2013.01.04 3.6.11 No 492.0 MB 2012-12-01 2012.12.01 3.6.8 No 429.0 MB 2012-11-01 2012.11.01 3.6.4 No 417.0 MB 2012-10-06 2012.10.06 3.5.5 No 415.0 MB 2012-09-07 2012.09.07 3.5.3 No 392.0 MB 2012-08-04 2012.08.04 3.4.7 No 384.0 MB 2012-07-15 2012.07.15 3.4.4 No 370.0 MB 2011-08-19 2011.08.19 3.0.3 No 673.0 MB 2010-05-16 2010.05 arch linux No 659.0 MB 2009-08-17 2009.08 No 2009-02-16 2009.02 2.6.28 No 2008-06-24 2008.06 No 2007-10-07 2007.08-2 No 2007-09-10 2007.08.1 No 2007-08-05 2007.08 No 2007-05-28 2007.05-Linuxtag2007 No 2007-05-17 2007.05 No 2007-03-28 0.8 No 2006-05-18 0.7.2 No 2006-01-05 0.7.1 2.6.15 No 2005-01-24 0.7 2.6.10 No 2004-03-01 0.6 2.6.3 No 2003-07-21 0.5 2.4.21 No 2002-12-18 0.4 2.4.20 No 2002-08-07 0.3 2.4.19 No 2002-04-17 0.2 2.4.18 No 2002-03-12 0.1 2.4.18 No Copyright © 2002-2022 Judd Vinet, Aaron Griffin and Levente Polyák.

The Arch Linux name and logo are recognized trademarks. Some rights reserved. The registered trademark Linux® is used pursuant to a sublicense from LMI, the exclusive licensee of Linus Torvalds, owner of the mark on a world-wide basis.

Arch Linux - универсальный гайд по установке (+ dualboot). Как установить Arch Linux.