• Winner on 8 Major Differences • Culture and History • Convenience of Travel • Cost and Currency • Travel Experience • How Thailand versus vietnam for and Where to Visit • Beaches • Weather • Tourist Satisfaction Vietnam and Thailand are the most popular holiday destinations in Southeast Asia. They are similar in climate and food, though obviously different in culture, lifestyle and travel experience.
Below we list eight major differences between the two countries, to give you a quick overview and help you decide which to visit first. These are based on our own travel experiences, investigations, and partnerships with local operators. Vietnam vs Thailand: Winner on 8 Major Differences Vietnam Thailand Winner 1.
Culture and history … is influenced by three main thailand versus vietnam — Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism — with a lifestyle inherited from the French colonial period. … practices Theravada Buddhism (90%+ of the population) along with a western lifestyle. Vietnam 2. Convenience of travel …is okay to travel to and within the country, but a bit more effort required. …offers easier and faster access to and within the country.
Thailand 3. Cost and currency … accepts USD or dong; street vendors prefer dong, while most hotels and restaurants accept USD. … accepts only Thai baht (although some prices are quoted in USD), and uses various types of card. Equal 4. Travel experience … boasts diverse landscapes and authentic local experiences, with charming old quarters and ancient towns. … is proud of quality beaches and comfort of travel, featuring Buddhist temples and festivals.
Vietnam 5. Beaches .beaches are less crowded and less expensive, nice beach condition depends on the time of year. .luxury thailand versus vietnam resorts, pristine beaches and variety off-island activities such as diving.
Equal 6. Weather .hot season, then hot and wet season, then cooler season, which still easily reaches 20°C and higher. Vietnam has a more diverse climate. Vietnam 7. Tourist satisfaction .around 10%. .over 50% tourist return rate.
Thailand 8.Tourist Traps … sometimes has issues with cheating and is not so convenient at New Year. … has more issues with cheating, theft and porn deals, and is quite touristy. Vietnam 1. Culture and History: Vietnam has a bigger culture contrast than Thailand for Western Travelers Chinese occupation has left a profound legacy in Vietnam, especially in the form of Confucianism and Taoist deities, which impact customs, traditions, and beliefs. The legacy of French colonialism is most visible in distinctive French architecture.
Thailand's culture, on the other hand, has developed in the direction of Theravada Buddhism, and many exuberant festivals are connected to both Buddhism and the changing seasons (such as Loy Krathong, Thailand's Festival of Lights). Vietnam wins among western travelers especially Americans who want to experience a bigger contrast in cultures compared with their home countries.
Vietnam keeps more authentic local culture Thien Hau Pagoda thailand versus vietnam Ho Chi Minh City There are major cultural differences between Vietnam and non-Asian countries, and such differences attract westerners, many of whom prefer to escape to a destination with big differences than to one which is too similar to where they live. The thailand versus vietnam religious belief in Vietnam is a combination of Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism, similar to other East Asian countries such as China, Japan and Korea.
These countries are all greatly influenced by Confucianism and Mahayana Buddhism. People over 50 years of age in the northern part of Vietnam may still feel some hostility towards westerners, because of the Vietnam War, but most locals are nice to visitors. Many overseas Vietnamese are returning to Vietnam and bringing with them Western cultural influence. Everyone is learning English and designer-clothing is common in the streets.
Thailand has more western influence Thailand is a constitutional monarchy and the former king, Rama IX, who reigned from 9th June 1946 to 13th October 2016, was greatly loved and thailand versus vietnam by the people. His cremation was held on 26th October 2017.
The main religion in Thailand is Theravada Buddhism. Monks have very high status and they conduct numerous Buddhist rites, from festivals to daily blessings. Most teenage boys become novice monks for a while, about a year, to earn merit for their families. The whole country is much influenced by western thought and lifestyle. Thai people are easily satisfied and they believe that life should be fun. Thai people have a great passion for Thai food.
2. Convenience of Travel: Thailand is More Convenient than Vietnam Generally speaking, Thailand wins with regard to convenience and comfort. Vietnam offers an easier taste of authentic local life. Vietnam's internal transport system is becoming more convenient, with air transport already good, though the country's road and rail transport infrastructure need more upgrading.
Organized trips, from day-tours to long-haul itineraries, are common. Many travel companies operate in Hanoi, Hoi An, and Ho Chi Minh City. Thailand is highly developed in tourism with numerous airlines serving both international and domestic routes. Local transportation is convenient and tuk-tuks driving through the streets bring even more fun to the Thai experience. Thousands of tour agencies in Bangkok, Chiang Mai and renowned beach destinations like Phuket, make it easy for visitors to find appropriate travel service.
Thailand has more direct international flights connections than Vietnam There are not that many international flights from western countries to Vietnam, only a few from big cities such as San Francisco, Paris, Sydney, and Beijing. Most international flights from western cities need at least one connecting flight through Kuala Lumpur, Singapore or Bangkok.
Learn more about the best domestic airlines in Thailand. Vietnam Airlines, the country's official international carrier, provides direct flights. Other international airlines like Cathay Pacific, Air France, Qantas, and Thai Airways also serve Vietnam. A trans-pacific journey from the USA or Europe takes over 20 hours.
Thailand is served by far more airlines, from all over the world. Direct flights are available from North America, Europe, Australia, and Asia. For example, Thai Airways operates direct flights from Los Angeles to Bangkok, British Airways and United Airlines offer connecting service from New York.
Qantas provides direct flights from Sydney and Melbourne. Thailand has better domestic travel facilities and services than Vietnam Domestic flights in Vietnam are very convenient, and there are many flights between the main cities.
However, domestic buses are not as good as those in Thailand. Trains are also available in Vietnam, but their facilities are quite basic.
For quick travel and comfortable experiences connecting between major cities, airline transportation is recommended. Two domestic airlines — Vietnam Airlines and Jetstar Thailand versus vietnam Airlines — serve most of the routes. Travel around Thailand is easy and convenient. There are many domestic flights, and two airports in Bangkok. Suvarnabhumi (BKK) is one of the busiest airports in Asia, used for both international and domestic flights.
The older Don Muang Airport (DMK) now mainly serves as a hub for Thai Air Asia, Nok Air, and other budget airlines, providing thailand versus vietnam flights. Buses in Thailand are generally in good condition and some long-distance buses even include a meal or snack, with water. Trains are also a good way to travel in Thailand, but they are a little bit slow and maybe in poor condition; possibly okay for those who are staying a long time in Thailand or for those who simply love taking trains.
Visas – Thailand provides easier and faster access There are three ways of obtaining a visa for Vietnam — via a Vietnamese Embassy or Consulate, an E-Visa, or a Visa on Arrival. The E-visa is a pilot electronic visa system launched on 1st February 2017: visitors can apply for a 1-month single-entry visa by paying USD 25 via the official immigration platform. Thailand is much more convenient with respect to visas.
Passport holders from 57 countries, including the citizens of most European countries, Australia, and the US, can enter Thailand for up to 30 days without acquiring a visa beforehand. Click here to see the ourist visa exemption scheme and how to apply for a Thailand visa.T Language – English is used more commonly in Thailand Vietnamese people engaged in tourism can speak English, but it is not as popular on the streets as in Thailand.
In Thailand, English is more common, and many people in the cities can speak English. English is obligatory for children from kindergarten onwards.
Thailand has better medical and health care system than Vietnam Thailand's medical system is very good compared with Vietnam thailand versus vietnam other Southeast Asian countries, and relative to American or European medical costs, it is cheap.
Photos from La Residence Thailand versus vietnam Hotel & Spa 3. Cost and Currency: Vietnam and Thailand are Both Affordable Both Thailand and Vietnam are developing countries with a relatively low cost of living and labor, so a holiday in either country is generally affordable and good value. They offer high-quality resorts, restaurants, and tours, at prices matching a wide range of budgets.
Accommodation Cost – both countries offer good-value hotels Compared with other Asian countries, the cost of hotels in Vietnam is low.
The cost of a local 4-star hotel is around USD 60, while an international 4-star hotel is about USD 100 per night, much cheaper than in China, Japan, or Korea. All major cities offer accommodation ranging from budget guesthouses to 5-star hotels.
Thailand can not only meet the backpackers' on-a-budget requirements, but can also satisfy those who looking for a luxury experience. No matter where you are, you can choose from between budget hostels right up to the most luxurious resorts. Accommodation in Thailand is generally good value. Continue to read How Much Money for Visiting Thailand. Food Cost: Both are great although Vietnam is slightly cheaperTrains Thai cuisine is slightly more famous than Vietnamese cuisine overseas.
It's known for its pad Thai, tom ying goong, and fantastic Thai curries, although there are many other regional dishes, such as khao soi, a classic noodle dish you have to try in Northern Thailand.
Find out the best 30 dishes in Thailand you have to try. Vietnamese cuisine also has its own features and, like many Southeast Asian cuisines, it is very generous in spicy and fresh herbs.
But one aspect that can't be avoided is the cost — you can dine like royalty, and traveling in Vietnam still won't cost as much as Thailand. Another factor of Vietnamese cuisine is the French influence. The thailand versus vietnam culture in Vietnam sets itself apart in some ways among most Southeast Asian countries. Currency – exchanging thailand versus vietnam is easy You can use dong or USD in Vietnam. Thailand versus vietnam always best to carry some VND to be used for small change when purchasing street food or dining at a local restaurant.
Some local shop owners or taxi drivers may add their own exchange fees or won't give change if you pay in USD. Exchanging currency in Vietnam's major cities is easy and reliable, and the airport is the most comfortable place to do it. Alternatively, you can withdraw money from ATMs, though you might be charged two commissions (one by the local bank and the other by your issuing bank).
The exchange rate from USD to VND currently hovers around 1:22,500 and a bottle of water costs around 5,000 VND. Thai baht is the only currency accepted in Thailand, although some shop owners still quote prices in USD. It's easy to exchange Thai baht in most cities, as exchange booths thailand versus vietnam conveniently located in central places or near popular tourist attractions. The current exchange rate from US Dollar to Thai Baht is about 1:31.37. Most airport exchange counters operate 24 hours a day.
ATMs can be found in all cities and most banks charge 200 baht (about 6.5 USD) for withdrawing with a foreign bank card. 4. Travel Experience: Which is A Better Destination? Conclusion: Vietnam wins in diverse landscapes and authentic local experience, and is less expensive at the moment depending on your tastes and budget. Thailand is more geared up to tourists and has a little more variety to offer to beach lovers, giving it a definite advantage.
Most visitors begin their Vietnam trip in Hanoi, before taking in several UNESCO World sites like Halong Bay, Hue and Hoi An, as well as the Mekong Delta, and ending in Ho Chi Minh City. Authentic experiences in combined tours are designed for you to be inspired by street food discovery in the narrow alleys, a cooking class outside the ancient town, or a boat trip through a lively market. Thailand is renowned for excellent beaches and profound Buddhist culture.
The country's many pleasures can be experienced from an classical itinerary starting in Bangkok, moving to neighboring historical parks like Ayutthaya and Sukhothai, then heading to the north to visit Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai, and ending at the beaches. It is truly rewarding if you plan your trip to Thailand neatly. Vietnam's diverse landscape vs Thailand's quality beaches The culture is one of the most important attractions in Vietnam. Narrow alleys in the Old Quarter, the oldest and most lively commercial district in Hanoi, attract many visitors, with their historic charm and noisy street sights.
The Ancient Town of Hoi An has earned the status of a UNESCO World Heritage Site, with an impressive cultural legacy including its Chinese Assembly Hall, Japanese Covered Thailand versus vietnam, museum in a French-colonial house, and roadside cafes.
These create a leisurely ambience for visitors to enjoy. Hiking trails in the mountainous northern area leading to ethnic minorities are highlights of Vietnam.
Natural scenery is better than in Thailand and the cruises in Ha Long Bay and boats on the Mekong River are unique. Vietnam's authentic experience vs Thailand's comfort travel A short boat trip is the other way to have a nice trip in Vietnam, making for a fun experience.
They are especially popular in Ha Long Bay, the Mekong Delta, and the waterway connecting Vietnam and Cambodia. How Long for and Where to Visit?
Vietnam is one of the best countries for having an authentic travel experience. Whether you"re taking a cooking class, a cycling tour to the countryside, or a boat trip to the floating market in the Mekong Delta, you'll be able to come closer to the country and understand it better.
In Thailand, your travel experience might depend on the comfort of your hotels, good service attitudes or the kindness of locals.
If you want to know more about local life, head to its local markets and try the street food. 5. Vietnam vs Thailand in Beaches: Thailand Wins! Vietnam does have some good beaches, thailand versus vietnam they are generally not as attractive thailand versus vietnam those in Thailand. The tourist resources in Thailand are rich, both in cultural attractions like the ruins of the ancient Lanna kingdom and in high quality beaches of the thailand versus vietnam Andaman Coast.
The land-based scenery is dominated by temples, however, which may lead to aesthetic fatigue. Beach destinations like Ko Phuket, Ko Samui ; and Krabi offer beautiful beaches and resorts with stunning views. Most high-end resorts are elegant, and well equipped with spas, swimming pools, fitness clubs, and other facilities. The traditionally-dressed staff will give you warm service with Thai smiles.
A wide variety of water activities from sailing, waterskiing, windsurfing, fishing, and diving to snorkeling, makes the coastline an ideal paradise for aquatic fun. Thailand is renowned for its beaches. The country has numerous soft, sandy beaches stretching for miles as well as warm, clear, and calm waters. There are many beaches and islands accessible from Phuket, although we would advise avoiding Kho Phi Phi as it has become overwhelmed with tourists since the famous movie The Beach, starring Leonardo DiCaprio, was screened.
In that particular location, the island experience no longer exists and the island itself has been badly affected. To the north of Phuket, Nai Yang and Nai Harn are fine beaches and are quite close to the international airport. They are often overlooked except as an overnight transit stay. Frequently heard of beaches also means massive tourism: With regard to Phuket, Pattaya, and beaches such as Railay in Krabi, you're not exactly exploring new territory but there's still a good selection of beach destinations that are hard to beat.
It's not easy to escape the crowds but it's still possible. Bang Tao Beach on the northwest coast of Phuket is big enough for you to be able to find your own space. Crowd alert: Phuket's Karon Beach has perfect long stretches of white sand with crystal clear waters most of the year although, naturally, it can get crowded because of this. Off the beaten path Koh Yao Noi: If you're prepared to take a 40-minute long-tail boat trip over to Koh Yao Noi, you'll find a beautiful little island that's still relatively unspoiled.
This hasn't been overdeveloped yet so is a side of Thailand that gives plenty of scope for really getting away from it all on a very tranquil and peaceful island. Bear in mind that Koh Yao Noi has a majority Muslim population so this is where to go to enjoy peace and quiet — this is not for your Patong–Bangla–Khaosan crowd! Learn more about the Top Beaches in Thailand. Find out which is better to go to between Khao Lak, Bangtao, and Surin in Phuket, Bophut, Choeng Mon, and Maenam in Koh Samui, and Klong Muang or Koh Lanta in Krabi.
Very Nice and "SO SO" Beaches in Thailand Read Less Vietnam hasn't been widely known as a beach destination but places like the island of Phu Quoc and the south coast destination of Nha Trang have recently become known as popular beach destinations. Da Nang and Hoi An, in particular, have very long stretches of beach and can be great for families with children although Da Nang is a little plain and, during winter months, can be quite bleak.
However, the sheer scale and variety of seafood is second to none. Hoi An has, in recent years, suffered from the same popularity issue that has ruined Kho Phi Phi. It's worth a day trip but not necessarily a long stay. There are hordes of a-little-too-late-for-the-party backpackers and large tourist groups forming what seems like an endless queue traipsing around.
However, it's still very scenic and idyllic, making it ideal for families. Both Da Nang and Hoi An have plenty of amenities and are easy to get to.
They are possibly less scenic than some places in Thailand but are no less enjoyable because they have fewer crowds. Be aware, Vietnam is an up-and-coming beach destination. Check it out before the waterfronts become overbuilt with luxury resorts.
Phu Quoc has a beach with starfish: We recommend you try this beautiful, peaceful island while it's still relatively unvisited. Bai Sao is as popular as Long Beach is in the main town of Duong Dong. For perfect tranquility, you can't beat Starfish Beach, which is located at the north of the island. It is in a peaceful, calm bay with an abundance of stilted seafood restaurants and, of course, starfish.
At the south of the island, you'll find the charming little fishing town of An Thoi where you can enjoy an inexpensive yet high-quality meal on the lovely rooftop restaurant at Phung Hung Boutique Hotel. Recommended accommodation on Phu Quoc would be Lana Hotel, which is perfectly placed thailand versus vietnam visit all of Phu Quoc, and Hai Anh Guesthouse, which is further north on the eastern coast — this is best for a lower budget but it is very hospitable. Must-read tip: The time of year is a big factor with beaches.
As with anywhere, some beaches can have crystal clear waters at some thailand versus vietnam and be murky at others. It's difficult to know for sure what they'll be like at any point so it's always best to check with a trusted agent, such as Thailand versus vietnam Highlights. We can contact our local expert guides who can give an up-to-date account of the local beach and sea conditions. Crowd alert at Ha Long Bay: The karst limestone peaks of Ha Long and Lan Ha bays are very popular with boat trips and tourists so be warned that they can be somewhat spoiled by over-popularity.
Very Nice and "SO SO" Beaches in Vietnam Read Less 6. Weather: Thailand Is Hotter Than Vietnam Thailand has a hot season, the high season, which usually lasts from March/April to June/July. That turns into the rainy season that continues until October as the southwest monsoon impacts the country. The so-called cool season is drier and more comfortable but temperatures still easily reach 20°C and higher.
Vietnam has a more diverse climate. The south is divided between wet and dry seasons, which is thailand versus vietnam to Thailand. In Central Vietnam, the mountain ranges have an impact. Da Lat and the Central Highlands have their dry season from December to March until the southwest monsoon season. The central lowlands, such as Nha Trang, are protected by the mountains and enjoy a long dry season from January to October.
North Vietnam has an actual winter and summer, completely different to much of Southeast Asia. The winter, from November to March, is wet and cool. The summer, from May to October, is hot with the occasional typhoon. Many travelers visit Southeast Asia in January/February for the dry season, and arriving in Hanoi to be met with cold, wet days can be a surprise.
7. Tourist Satisfaction: Thailand Has a Better Tourist Return Rate Than Vietnam Apparently, over 50% of Thailand's tourists return whereas the return rate for Vietnam is around 10%. This is probably due to the convenience in traveling in Thailand. The scare stories relating to scams are possibly one reason for this difference in figures, although the truth is that similar scams can happen to unwary and unprepared tourists in both countries, and though Vietnam scams are more pushy, Thailand scams can be very tricky sometimes.
8. Tourist Traps & Scams: Thailand Traps are More Tricky Though most local people are exceptionally friendly and helpful, tourist traps and scams come in various forms. Some are straightforward fraudulent charges, while others may be connected thailand versus vietnam porn deals.
The following will highlight some common traps for you to avoid when traveling. Vietnam – some cheating and inconvenient at New Year Cheating in the shops can be one of the most annoying problems for travelers to Vietnam. Shops may attract customers by advertising lower prices, but the price may increase at any time and you may end up pulling out more money than what was originally asked for.
Continue to read Vietnam Tourist Traps and Scams. In addition, cheating may even happen as you change money. Since the denominations of dong are very large, sometimes travelers may be confused by the trail of "0"s; so please pay attention when changing money, paying or receiving change.
Another problem is the inconvenience when traveling in Vietnam during Vietnamese New Year (late January to mid-February). Since New Year is a time for family reunion, local people will migrate back to their hometowns before the New Year. Most shops, offices or businesses will close for a week and the traffic will be thailand versus vietnam busy.
Thailand – cheating and porn deals Cheating of some kind may also happen in Thailand. Some restaurants have two menus, one for locals and the other with higher prices for foreigners. Some tuk-tuk drivers may tell you they can take you to visit many temples and you need only pay 20 baht. After visiting a few ordinary temples, they"ll convince you to go to massage shops and tailors they recommend.
The prices in those shops will certainly shock you, for they will be two or three times higher than the normal prices. Continue to read How to Avoid Tourist Traps in Thailand. Porn deals are hard to avoid in Thailand. The sex industry generates upwards of 100 billion baht each year.
When you travel in Thailand, you will be vulnerable to being caught up in this. Please note that some people may try and earn money from you via sexual transactions. Theft of credit cards and passports is common in Thailand. Therefore, it's best to buy insurance for personal property to protect against loss.
Is it Safe to Travel to Asia During the COVID-19 Outbreak? Explore Other Asian Countries Thailand and Vietnam are both incredible places to visit on your holiday. If you are interested in experiencing other unique cultures and incredible destinations make sure to check out India with its flavorful food, diversity, and teeming markets and Cambodia with its ancient temples, smiling people, and tragic past.
Why Travel with Asia Highlights During the Pandemic • Tailor-made experience: All of your ideas/needs will be carefully considered to create your ideal trip.
• Worry-free planning: Your 1:1 travel consultant in Asia will take all the uncertainty out of your planning, helping you navigate any travel restrictions. • No-risk booking: 100% refund policy! (up to 14 days before departure) In this guide, we’ll list arguments in favor of both of these countries so you can decide which country will be more suitable for your visit.
Howeveryou can’t make a wrong decision as both of these countries are fantastic. Whatever you choose, chances are you’re going to want to see another one as soon as possible. Table of Contents • Vietnam vs Thailand Compression:• 1. Your Location and Convenience to Travel• 2. Your Budget• 3. Preferred Type of Holidays• 4.
Currency Conversion • Recommended reading:• 5. Visas• 6. Preferred Weather• 7. Food• 8. Safety• Thailand versus vietnam vs Vietnam – Culture• 9. Thai Culture and Religion• 10. Vietnamese Culture and Religion• 12. Vietnam vs Thailand – Transport, and Convenience• What are the International Flights Like?
• What About Domestic Travel?• 13. Immigration & Visas• 14. Currency Conversion• 15. Vietnam vs Thailand Costs: Accommodation & Food• Great Accommodation Value in Both Countries• 17. Beaches in Vietnam vs Thailand• 18. Nature & Adventure• 19. Wildlife Differences• 20. What’s the Weather Like?• 21. Vietnam vs Thailand Nightlife• 22. What Is Everyone Else Saying?• 23. Safety• Which one you should pick?• FAQ • Is Vietnam better than Thailand?• Is Vietnam cheaper than Thailand?• How far is it from Thailand to Vietnam?• Is Vietnam the cheapest country?• Related posts: Vietnam Thailand Winner 1.
Culture and history • Culture inherited from the French colonial period.• The huge distinction between the north, central, and southern areas of the country.• The footprint thailand versus vietnam the colonial age remains visible.• Forbidden City or the Imperial Tombs, part of the world heritage site.
• The dominant religion is Theravada Buddhism• Lots of historical landmarks.• Customs are heavily influenced by the western lifestyle. Vietnam 2. Convenience of travel • Fairly good air transportation.• Country roads and the railroad system are not as complex.• Day-long trips across the country can be very tiring. • Developed tourist traffic, airports, and travel routes.• Easier and faster access within the country using iconic ‘tuk-tuks’.
Thailand 3. Cost & Currency • Very much budget-friendly.• Accepts both USD and Dong.• Local vendors prefer dong. Hotels accept USD. • Very much budget-friendly.• Bahts are the only acceptable currency. Equal 4. Travel experience • More unique things to see and explore.• Diverse landscapes and authentic local experiences.• Ancient towns and amazing vistas.
• Beaches and partying.• Tourists have a simpler time fitting in.• Buddhist temples and festivals. Vietnam 5. Beaches • Simple beaches.• Less crowded and less expensive• Beach condition: Nice. • Luxury beaches and resorts.• World-famous vast beaches.• Offers various off-island activities. Thailand 6. Weather • Four different seasons.• Temperature drops in the mountainous regions. • Warmer on average.• Climate is tropical.
Equal 7. Food • Food for everyone’s tastes.• The mixture of cultures is reflected in their culinary trends.• Can dine like royalty at a very cheap cost. • Infamous Thai cuisine.• Classic noodle dishes.• Reasonable. Vietnam 8. Tourist Satisfaction • Around 10% return rate. • Over 50% return rate. Thailand 9. Safety • Some may face cheating issues. (mostly in the new year). • More issues with cheating.• Thefts.• Porn deals.
Vietnam 1. Your Location and Convenience to Travel Traveling To either of these countries will need a separate visa. While not very difficult, obtaining a visa is somewhat more complicated. Thailand allows a 30-day visit for those citizens of the US, Australia, and most EU countries, with no visa.
This can be a major advantage. You can just book a flight and be on your way, without having to worry about getting appropriate documentation. The Chinese occupation left a lasting impact that can still be felt in the country today. Their colonial past is evident in several foreign influences that are now a part of the Vietnamese culture.
Confucianism and the worship of Taoist deities became prevalent during the job, and remain popular thus far. In terms of convenience, Thailand usually comes out on top of tourist destinations. As a nation with more tourist traffic, airports and travel routes are also more developed. Both local and international transport is convenient and can even be enjoyable if you decide on using iconic ‘ tuk-tuks‘.
There may be a thailand versus vietnam of good and bad tuk tuk drivers in Bangkok. We advise to negotiate the tuk tuk fare beforehand. Their air transport is already good. As the tourist industry is getting bigger every day, it is only a matter of time until the other procedures of transportation are brought up to speed.
The most noticeable inconveniences are the day-long trips across the country. With greater infrastructure, this issue will diminish radicallybut it is still not a deal-breaker. For Thailand, both air and land are equally viable. In reality, the Suvarnabhumi airport in Bangkok Is among the busiest airports in all of Asia.
The trains and buses can also be in good shape, with a few offering snacks and Food on the way. Trains are somewhat worse off and slower than buses. But it’s a fantastic option for longer stays. We mentioned before, for many nations, Thailand does not need a visa if you’re staying less than 30 days.
This is a big plus as most holidays fall under that class, which means you won’t have to think about anything before departing. You can also submit an application for a Thailand visa if you prefer to have thailand versus vietnam just in case. For a Vietnam visa, you will find a couple of ways. The main option is moving through the Vietnamese Embassy or the Consulate.
Or you can thailand versus vietnam submit an application for a Visa on Arrival or an E-Visa. The final one is a recent addition that enables visitors to apply for a month-long visa for one entry to Vietnam.
And it should cost you $25 at the immigration platform. The landscapes and nature of northern Thailand are e qually exuberant and vivid. The country has a massive assortment of natural parks, typically accompanied by exquisite waterfalls. The most notable ones are Erawan in Kanchanaburi along with the one in Thailand versus vietnam Inthanon within Chiang Mai province.
There are also a few others are in the middle of the jungle, such as the one in Khao Sok. A country with an array of nature reserves and parks, Thailand is a safe bet for animal fans. You will find some of the most amazing species around the planet in parks like Kaeng Krachan or the Khao Yai harbor. Visit these or some other local parks and expect to find creatures, wild elephants, or gaurs, the world’s most significant cows.
There is a huge choice for different sorts of audiences, which range from luxury rooftop pubs in Bangkok to casual beach bars. The highly popular Full Moon Party hosted in K oh Phangan island thailand versus vietnam an all-night beach party that takes place on the night of, before, or after every full moon. It is widely loved by tourists. In my opinion, Vietnam has a bigger cultural contrast than Thailand for Western travelers. I think of Vietnam as the Asian equivalent to the Mediterranean.
Vietnam is pretty far and the flights are inconvenient. Thailand versus vietnam though Vietnam is becoming more popular with tourists, it’s still not the most convenient place to get to. Vietnam and Thailand are both affordable destinations, and each country has a unique culture and food. If you’re looking for a great destination in Southeast Asia that’s on the lower end of the price spectrum, Vietnam is a good option. Is Vietnam better than Thailand? Thailand is more convenient than Vietnam.
Vietnam is better if you want to explore cultural heritage, site seeing, food, and photography. Thailand is better if you are a party animal and enjoy clubs, bars, red-light districts.
Is Vietnam cheaper than Thailand? Vietnam is far cheaper than in Thailand. Including accommodation, food, and transportation, a week in Vietnam costs around USD 285 while a week in Thailand costs around USD 485.
How far is it from Thailand to Vietnam? The distance between Thailand and Vietnam is 860 km. The best way to travel from Thailand to Vietnam is to take the 1h 50m flight. And it will cost you around $89-$96. Another way is to travel by bus that takes almost 21 hours and costs about $40-$46. Is Vietnam the cheapest country?
Vietnam is the cheapest country to travel to and have the most fun. Most expense in Vietnam is still very inexpensive. Everything in Vietnam is cheaper than in other countries. If you are a solo traveler and looking for a budget trip, Vietnam is what you are searching for! Hello, I am Molly Martin. I am from California and have been working in a company that manages money for wealthy people for the past 6 years and decided to leave my job because it wasn’t doing anything for me other than making me feel stuck.
So now after going on a trip around the world that made me feel empowered and coming back things weren’t as they used thailand versus vietnam be at work thailand versus vietnam anywhere else so I want to change everything again. I left my job six years ago because I wanted to do something for myself and then went on a 3 month trip around the world which not only helped me realize how much more there was out there but also made me feel empowered because it was different than what everyone else does!
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This post contains affiliate links. “Aren’t Vietnam and Thailand, like, the same?” I’ve been asked this more than once. My answer has always been an emphatic “NO!” If you’re trying to choose between ‘Nam and the Land of Smiles, this guide is here to break it all down for you. I’ve been living and teaching in Vietnam for the past two years and, like any traveller worth their salt, have of course partied my way through Thailand.
Both are beautiful, vibrant countries. But which is better? Read on to find out… Tourist Destinations Thailand is the more established of the two countries on the thailand versus vietnam trail, so we’ll start with that. When building your itinerary you should consider the best experiences in Thailand, like: • Bangkok’s notorious (in a good way, promise!) Khao San road • The temples and rolling hills of Chiang Mai • Island hopping in the Andaman Sea • Koh Phi Phi’s wild beach parties • Diving in Koh Tao • Partying in Phuket • A full moon party on Koh Phangan • Having a mud bath at an ethical elephant sanctuary • Rock climbing in the Similan Islands • Stunning ancient temples • Traditional dance performances • Vibrant night markets • Delicious street food Vietnam hasn’t yet reached backpacker paradise status just yet, but it’s getting there.
The following suggestions are some of the best things to do in Vietnam, but they’re still a little more off-the-beaten-track than their Thai alternatives. • Hanoi’s Old Quarter for heritage, hidden bars and bia hoi. • Hoi An ancient town • The beautiful beaches of Da Nang • Make like Top Gear and drive the Hai Van Pass • Ha Long Bay • Phu Quoc Island • The sand dunes of Mui Ne • Hiking in Sa Pa • Ninh Binh • The Imperial Capital of Hue • Dalat for cool weather and stunning mountain scenery • A boat ride down the Mekong Delta • Embrace the chaos of Ho Chi Minh City This is a difficult one to decide.
There’s enough in both countries to keep you occupied for weeks on end, but you can’t deny that Thailand has better beaches. Much of Vietnam’s coastline is covered in trash. Thailand’s been in the tourism game long enough to know to clean their act up and that’s what tips the scales here.
Thailand vs. Vietnam Tourism Winner: Thailand Infrastructure Both Vietnam and Thailand have cheap domestic flights and even cheaper bus services. They’re pretty much the same in terms of reliability – and, unfortunately, crazy driving when it comes to the night bus! Of course, Vietnam has developed a reputation as the ultimate road trip destination ever since that episode of Top Gear, and it really does have some of the most scenic roads in the world.
So in this particular battle, Vietnam comes out on top. Hopefully you won’t need one, but in terms of hospitals, Thailand crushes Vietnam. The World Health Organization ranks Thailand among the top 50 countries for health service, whereas Vietnam is stuck at the opposite end of the spectrum.
Whomp whomp. As for supermarkets, you’d be hard pressed to find a street in either country that doesn’t have a convenience store. However, Thailand has a clear edge thanks to its legendary toasties. Seriously, they’re a life-saver. Vietnamese convenience stores usually offer microwavable sushi, but it just ain’t the same. Thailand vs. Vietnam Infrastructure Winner: Thailand Nightlife Thailand is known for being a party paradise, but that doesn’t mean Vietnam’s out of the running.
Ho Chi Minh City’s Bui Vien easily rivals Bangkok’s Khao San Road and definitely puts Phuket’s Bangla Road to shame. Meanwhile in Hanoi it’s all about bia hoi corner where you can get a cold one for as little as $0.15 per glass.
That being said, Vietnam lacks the huge festivals and events that tourists flock to Thailand for. The Land of Smiles boasts insane full, half and black moon parties and hosts the largest water fight in the world in April. So, all things considered, the winner still has to be… THAILAND! Thailand vs. Vietnam Nightlife Winner: Thailand Nature and Hiking Vietnam’s scenery is the kind that sends shivers down your spine. Whether you take a cruise in Halong Bay, drive around the Ha Giang province or hike thailand versus vietnam the Moc Chau valley, you’ll have to pinch yourself to make sure you’re not dreaming.
Vietnam’s Thailand versus vietnam Nha national park even boasts the largest cave in the world – Son Doong. Admittedly, there’s a two-year waiting list and $3000 entrance fee, but the surrounding caves are thailand versus vietnam stunning – thailand versus vietnam you can even zipline into them!
Lots of people say that Thailand’s all about the beaches, but trekking through the rainforests of Khao Sok national park isn’t an experience you’ll forget anytime soon.
Hiking Pai Canyon and feeding the monkeys on your way up Khao No are both wonderful, slightly hair-raising experiences for thrill seekers, but perhaps Thailand’s best thailand versus vietnam is the Hang Nak Nature Trail in Ao Nang. It’s a four-hour hike that is rewarded with stunning views of Krabi. Both countries have a lot to offer outdoor adventurers, but Vietnam’s magic is beyond compare. Thailand vs. Vietnam Nature and Hiking Winner: Vietnam Want more of the outdoors?
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Remote Work Thailand’s Chiang Mai is digital nomad heaven, whilst Vietnam’s Thailand versus vietnam Chi Minh City is rapidly rising in popularity among remote workers. Both are very cheap places to live with thriving expat communities. Chiang Mai boasts mountains and rice fields, whereas Ho Chi Minh City is a concrete jungle if ever there was one. Both have an abundance of cafes and coworking spaces, but the internet in Uncle Ho’s town is decidedly better and the coffee is beyond compare.
(Seriously. I can’t stand to drink it in any other country.) Plus, it’s easier to wrangle yourself a longer digital nomad visa in Vietnam. Thailand vs. Vietnam Remote Work Winner: Vietnam Safety Vietnam and Thailand are pretty similar in terms of safety.
Violent crime is low but petty theft is common – particularly snatching. The best thing you can do is not walk around with your phone or wallet in your hand and keep them in a backpack or bum-bag. (What? They’re making a comeback!) Scams are also common. They’re more widespread in Thailand just simply because it’s much more popular with tourists. Thailand also has a higher road mortality rate but honestly, the traffic situation is pretty mental in both countries! Thailand vs. Vietnam Safety Winner: Vietnam Food You can’t enjoy your holiday on an empty stomach, but luckily both Thailand and Vietnam are home to some truly delicious dishes.
Vietnam is famed for pho and banh mi sandwiches, whereas it’s all about curries, pad thai and papaya salad in Thailand. Thailand is definitely an easier country for vegetarians to travel. In Vietnam, when a dish is labelled vegetarian it doesn’t necessarily mean it lacks meat, but just involves a lot of vegetables.
This one is for the vegetarians. Both countries are a taste sensation, but Thailand takes the cake when it comes to food! Thailand vs. Vietnam Food Winner: Thailand And the Thailand vs. Vietnam Travel Winner is… Thailand!
This is a little bit of a surprise. I’ve spent two years living and working in Vietnam and love it dearly. But facts are facts, and it’s 4-3 to Thailand. I t’s definitely got more to offer the average traveller and its beaches are some of the best in the world. Saying that, Vietnam’s the clear choice for a traveller who likes to take the road less travelled and wouldn’t be caught dead at a full moon party. Ultimately, the choice between Thailand or Vietnam is yours but hopefully, you’re now a little clearer on which destination is the best fit for you.
Safe travels! Hannah Stephenson is an English expat living and teaching in Vietnam. Follow along with her travels on Instagram and her blog How Far I’ll Pho. Ready to go? Explore unique stays on Airbnb – like this traditional heritage house in Bangkok or this cozy treehouse in Chiang Mai – and the top hotels on Booking.com to plan your trip to Thailand. Then, check out more food, cultural, and outdoors experiences in the country to round out your itinerary (or, book a multi-day Thailand tour to finish your travel planning in one click!).
This article is part of the Southeast Asia Smackdown series. Read the rest below: China vs. Taiwan Thailand vs. Malaysia Thailand versus vietnam vs. Malaysia Australia vs. New Zealand Or, explore the complete Country Comparison Series for more showdowns from around the world!
Like it? Pin it! Having spent time in both countries & having explored nightlife and mongering options, this is comparison is long overdue. Should you visit both countries? Which is better for nightlife? For women? King Epic, if you had to pick one, which would you choose? Tough question that can’t be answered generally, so I address different areas such as nightlife, quality of living, mongering, women & costs separately. Mongering (= Paid Sex Options) This is what most men will be interested in anyway … and the comparison ends before it even starts: There is no comparison.
Thailand (Bangkok, Pattaya) wins on all levels – whether that’s quality & quantity of women or even prices.
No other country in the world comes close and certainly not Vietnam (where prostitution is illegal but unlike Thailand so low key that it’s sometimes hard to find). Does that mean you can’t have your fun in Vietnam? Massage girls in Saigon. Not bad those melons! Absolutely not, there are still options available, such as happy ending massages.
Full service is, however, rather rare & difficult to find. Prices are on par with Thailand (Bangkok) for those places; freelancers in clubs are significantly more expensive. Are you visiting Bangkok? See over 40 guest-friendly hotels, the best massage places & nightclubs – my Interactive Bangkok Guide! Always updated & mobile-friendly! Thailand has it all – what Saigon has going for it are regular spas (think sauna, steaming room, massage) for low prices where you can get a hand job finish.
If your goal is to explore pay for play, spend your time in Thailand. Who’s Women Are Better? Thai women are more sexually open compared to Vietnamese gals. Now, that can be good or bad – depending on your preference. If you’re looking for femininity & conservative girls, you’ll find plenty of those in Vietnam – and quite easily one that is still a virgin. They all looks so innocent.
Online Dating works in both countries, but volume-wise Thailand clearly wins by a wide margin. Vietnam’s culture is a bit more conservative, but on the upside your exotic factor as a Westerner is much higher. Given the sheer amount of tourists, a Farang in Thailand is thailand versus vietnam special … quite the opposite, you’re likely to be seen as a sex tourist.
Thailand – specifically Bangkok – is ideal for sleeping around, whereas Saigon provides ideal ground for finding a wife or LTR material. Epic Nightlife Somewhat tied mongering, you already know the answer.
Thailand has perfected the entire nightlife scene over the last decades. Saigon (Vietnam’s thailand versus vietnam does have nightlife … but thailand versus vietnam different kind. It’s more like regular people hanging out at night whereas Thailand’s nightlife mainly caters to tourists. The only thing that comes close to that is the backpacker district in Saigon … but I wouldn’t want to spend more than a few hours there.
Soi Cowboy in Bangkok: Busy every day of the week. Thailand & Vietnam ideally complement each other because they are so far on both sides of the spectrum that spending enough time in one of the countries makes you want to go to the other.
Quite simply put, bust a nut in Thailand – then come to Vietnam to relax & play it slow. Quality of Living Genuine local culture can only be experienced in Saigon – Bangkok doesn’t really have much of such a thing anymore and is heavily Westernized/overrun with tourists. One of the things I really enjoy in Saigon is the lack of tourists. There are hardly any & you get approached thailand versus vietnam and there simply because people are curious about your origins.
I stay in District 1, so pretty much everything is within walking distance, I need no train or motorbike. If you need Western-like infrastructure such as trains, Bangkok has exactly that: MRT & BTS. Costs (=Better Value For Money) In Saigon, I can live within walking distance to the center for $300 per month, which is impossible in Bangkok.
Yes, $300 gets you an apartment, but either deep in one of the Sois close to central, or far away close to a thailand versus vietnam station.
Food is about the same, taxis are cheaper in Thailand. Hookers/Mongering … isn’t that what you came here for in the first place? 🙂 Thai hookers are cheaper – and that’s simply because there’s so many of them that prices inevitably have to be low.
Working girls everywhere for low prices. Vietnam doesn’t offer full service that is publicly advertised … and it’s indeed hard to find which, of course, inflates prices. $100-200 overnight for thailand versus vietnam freelancer is the norm, whereas in Thailand you can get a hot working girl for 2-4000 Baht “long time”.
The Final Verdict I like both, honestly. If you can, visit both countries to make up your own opinion. But, let’s say I could only go to one of these countries, which would I choose? I really like Vietnam, but would pick Thailand instead.
Overall, there are more upsides … and the downside of too “busy/crowded” are negligible. Categories Thailand Post navigation
Introduction Thailand Vietnam Background A unified Thai kingdom was established in the mid-14th century. Known as Siam until 1939, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been colonized by a European power.
A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy.
After the Japanese invaded Thailand in 1941, the government split into a pro-Japan faction and a pro-Ally faction backed by the King. Following the war, Thailand became a US treaty ally in 1954 after sending troops to Korea and later fighting alongside the US in Vietnam. Thailand since 2005 has experienced several rounds of political turmoil including a military coup in 2006 that ousted then Prime Minister THAKSIN Chinnawat, followed by large-scale street protests by competing political factions in 2008, 2009, and 2010.
THAKSIN's youngest sister, YINGLAK Chinnawat, in 2011 led the Puea Thai Party to an electoral win and assumed control of the government. In early May 2014, after months of large-scale anti-government protests in Bangkok beginning in November 2013, YINGLAK was removed thailand versus vietnam office by the Constitutional Court and in late May 2014 the Royal Thai Army, led by Royal Thai Army Gen.
PRAYUT Chan-ocha, staged a coup against the caretaker government. PRAYUT was appointed prime minister in August 2014. PRAYUT also serves as the head of the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO), a military-affiliated body that oversees the interim government. This body created several interim institutions to promote reform and draft a new constitution, which was passed in a national referendum in August 2016.
In late 2017, PRAYUT announced elections would be held by November 2018; he has subsequently suggested they might occur in February 2019. As of mid-December 2018, a previoulsy held ban on campaigning and political activity has been lifted and per parliamentary laws, an election must be held within 150 days.
King PHUMIPHON Adunyadet passed away in October 2016 after 70 years on the throne; his only son, WACHIRALONGKON Bodinthrathepphayawarangkun, ascended the throne in December 2016.
He signed the new constitution in April 2017. Thailand has also experienced violence associated with the ethno-nationalist insurgency in its southern Malay-Muslim majority provinces. Since January 2004, thousands have been killed and wounded in the insurgency.
The conquest of Vietnam by France began in 1858 and was completed by 1884. It became part of French Indochina in 1887. Vietnam declared independence after World War II, but France continued to rule until its 1954 defeat by communist forces under Ho Chi MINH. Under the Geneva Accords of 1954, Vietnam was divided into the communist North and anti-communist South. US economic and military aid to South Vietnam grew through the 1960s in an attempt to bolster the government, but US armed forces were withdrawn following a cease-fire agreement in 1973.
Two years later, North Vietnamese forces overran the South reuniting the country under communist rule. Despite the return of peace, for over a decade the country experienced little economic growth because of conservative leadership policies, the persecution and mass exodus of individuals - many of them successful South Vietnamese merchants - and growing international isolation. However, since the enactment of Vietnam's "doi moi" (renovation) policy in 1986, Vietnamese authorities have committed to increased economic liberalization and enacted structural reforms needed to modernize the economy and to produce more competitive, export-driven industries.
The communist leaders maintain tight control on political expression but have demonstrated some modest steps toward better protection of human rights. Thailand versus vietnam country continues to experience small-scale protests, the vast majority connected to either land-use issues, calls for increased political space, or the lack of equitable mechanisms for resolving disputes.
The small-scale protests in the urban areas are often organized by human rights activists, but many occur in rural areas and involve various ethnic minorities such as the Montagnards of the Central Highlands, Hmong in the Northwest Highlands, and the Khmer Krom in the southern delta region.
Geography Thailand Vietnam Location Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia Geographic coordinates 15 00 N, 100 00 E 16 10 N, 107 50 E Map references Southeast Asia Southeast Asia Area total: 513,120 sq km land: 510,890 sq km water: 2,230 sq km total: 331,210 sq km land: 310,070 sq km water: 21,140 sq km Area - comparative about three times the size of Florida; slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming about three times the size of Tennessee; slightly larger than New Mexico Land boundaries total: 5,673 km border countries (4): Burma 2416 km, Cambodia 817 km, Laos 1845 km, Malaysia 595 thailand versus vietnam total: 4,616 km border countries (3): Cambodia 1158 km, China 1297 km, Laos 2161 km Coastline 3,219 km 3,444 km (excludes islands) Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation territorial sea: 12 nm contiguous zone: 24 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin Climate tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March) Terrain central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere low, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest Elevation extremes highest point: Doi Inthanon 2,565 m lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m mean elevation: 287 m highest point: Fan Si Pan 3,144 m lowest point: South China Sea 0 m mean elevation: 398 m Natural resources tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land antimony, phosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower, arable land Land use agricultural land: 41.2% (2018 est.) arable land: 30.8% (2018 est.) permanent crops: 8.8% (2018 est.) permanent pasture: 1.6% (2018 est.) forest: 37.2% (2018 est.) other: 21.6% (2018 est.) agricultural land: 34.8% (2018 est.) arable land: 20.6% (2018 est.) permanent crops: 12.1% (2018 est.) permanent pasture: 2.1% (2018 est.) forest: 45% (2018 est.) other: 20.2% (2018 est.) Irrigated land 64,150 sq km (2012) 46,000 sq km (2012) Natural hazards land subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts occasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding, especially in the Mekong River delta Environment - current issues air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from organic and factory wastes; water scarcity; deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by illegal hunting; hazardous waste disposal logging and slash-and-burn agricultural practices contribute to deforestation and soil degradation; water pollution and overfishing threaten marine life populations; groundwater contamination limits potable water supply; air pollution; growing urban industrialization and population migration are rapidly degrading environment in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Climate Change-Paris Agreement, Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 2006, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Climate Change-Paris Agreement, Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 2006, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements Geography - note controls only land route from Asia to Malaysia and Singapore; ideas for the construction of a canal across the Thailand versus vietnam Isthmus that would create a bypass to the Strait of Malacca and shorten shipping times around Asia continue to be discussed note 1: extending 1,650 km north to south, the country is only 50 km across at its narrowest point note 2: Son Doong in Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park is the world's largest cave (greatest cross sectional area) and is the largest known cave passage in the world by volume; it currently measures a total of 38.5 million cu m (about 1.35 billion cu ft); it connects to Thung cave (but not yet officially); when recognized, it will add an additional 1.6 million cu m in volume; Son Doong is so massive that it contains its own jungle, underground river, and localized weather system; clouds form inside the cave and spew out from its exits and two dolines (openings (sinkhole skylights) created by collapsed ceilings that allow sunlight to stream in) Total renewable water resources 438.61 billion cubic meters (2017 est.) 884.12 billion cubic meters (2017 est.) Population distribution highest population density is found in and around Bangkok; significant population clusters found througout large parts of the country, particularly north and northeast of Bangkok and in the extreme southern region of the country though it has one of the highest thailand versus vietnam densities in the world, the population is not evenly dispersed; clustering is heaviest along the South China Sea and Gulf of Tonkin, with the Mekong Delta (in the south) and the Red River Valley (in the north) having the largest concentrations of people Demographics Thailand Vietnam Population 69,480,520 (July 2021 est.) 102,789,598 (July 2021 est.) Age structure 0-14 years: 16.45% (male 5,812,803/female 5,533,772) 15-24 years: 13.02% (male 4,581,622/female 4,400,997) 25-54 years: 45.69% (male 15,643,583/female 15,875,353) 55-64 years: 13.01% (male 4,200,077/female 4,774,801) 65 years and over: 11.82% (male 3,553,273/female 4,601,119) (2020 est.) 0-14 years: 22.61% (male 11,733,704/female 10,590,078) 15-24 years: 15.22% (male 7,825,859/female 7,202,716) 25-54 years: 45.7% (male 22,852,429/female 22,262,566) 55-64 years: 9.55% (male 4,412,111/female 5,016,880) 65 years and over: 6.91% (male 2,702,963/female 4,121,969) (2020 est.) Median age total: 39 years male: 37.8 years female: 40.1 years (2020 est.) total: 31.9 years male: 30.8 years female: 33 years (2020 est.) Population growth rate 0.26% (2021 est.) 1% (2021 est.) Birth rate 10.25 births/1,000 population (2021 est.) 16.04 births/1,000 population (2021 est.) Death rate 7.66 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.) 5.78 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.) Net migration rate -0.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.) -0.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.) Sex ratio at thailand versus vietnam 1.05 male(s)/female 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female 25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female 55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2020 est.) at birth: 1.09 male(s)/female 0-14 years: 1.11 male(s)/female 15-24 years: 1.09 male(s)/female 25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female 55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2020 est.) Infant mortality rate total: 6.58 deaths/1,000 live births male: 7.2 deaths/1,000 live births female: 5.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.) total: 15.09 deaths/1,000 live births male: 15.42 deaths/1,000 live births female: 14.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.) Life expectancy at birth total population: 77.41 years male: 74.39 years female: 80.6 years (2021 est.) total population: 75.25 years male: 72.67 years female: 78.12 years (2021 est.) Total fertility rate 1.54 children born/woman (2021 est.) 2.06 children born/woman (2021 est.) HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 1% (2020 est.) 0.3% (2020 est.) Nationality noun: Thai (singular and plural) adjective: Thai noun: Vietnamese (singular and plural) adjective: Thailand versus vietnam Ethnic groups Thai 97.5%, Burmese 1.3%, other 1.1%, unspecified <.1% (2015 est.) note: data represent population by nationality Kinh (Viet) 85.3%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.9%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.4%, Mong 1.4%, Nung 1.1%, other 5.5% (2019 est.) note: 54 ethnic groups are recognized by the Vietnamese Government HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 500,000 (2020 est.) 250,000 (2020 est.) Religions Buddhist 94.6%, Muslim 4.3%, Christian 1%, other <0.1%, none <0.1% (2015 est.) Catholic 6.1%, Buddhist 5.8%, Protestant 1%, other 0.8%, none 86.3% (2009 est.) HIV/AIDS - deaths 12,000 (2020 est.) 3,800 (2020 est.) Languages Thai (official) only 90.7%, Thai and other languages 6.4%, only other languages 2.9% (includes Malay, Burmese); note - data represent population by language(s) spoken at home; English is a secondary language of the elite (2010 est.) major-language sample(s): ????????????
- ?????????????????????????? (Thai) The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information. Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian) major-language sample(s): D?
ki?n th? gi?i, lÃ ngu?n thÃ´ng tin co b?n khÃ´ng th? thi?u. (Vietnamese) The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information. Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 92.9% male: 94.7% female: 91.2% (2015) definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 95% male: 96.5% female: 93.6% (2018) Major infectious diseases degree of risk: very high (2020) food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Thailand versus vietnam encephalitis, and malaria degree of risk: very high (2020) food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis Education expenditures 4.1% of GDP (2013) 4.2% of GDP (2018) Urbanization urban population: 52.2% of total population (2021) rate of urbanization: 1.43% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.) urban population: 38.1% of total population (2021) rate of urbanization: 2.7% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.) Drinking water source improved: urban: 100% of population rural: 100% of population total: 100% of population unimproved: urban: 0% of population rural: 0% of population total: 0% of population (2017 est.) improved: urban: 98.6% of population rural: 92.6% of population total: 94.7% of population unimproved: urban: 1.4% of population rural: 7.4% of population total: 5.3% of population (2017 est.) Sanitation facility access improved: urban: 100% of population rural: 100% of population total: 99.9% of population unimproved: urban: 0% of population thailand versus vietnam 0% of population total: 0.1% of population (2017 est.) improved: urban: 96.9% of population rural: 82.1% of population total: 87.3% of population unimproved: urban: 3.1% of population rural: 17.9% of population total: 12.7% of population (2017 est.) Major cities - population 10.723 million BANGKOK (capital), 1.417 Chon Buri, 1.324 million Samut Prakan, 1.182 million Chiang Mai, 979,000 Songkla, 975,000 Nothaburi (2021) 8.838 million Ho Chi Minh City, 4.875 million HANOI (capital), 1.703 million Can Tho, 1.341 million Hai Phong, 1.157 million Da Nang, 1.046 million Bien Hoa (2021) Maternal mortality rate 37 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.) 43 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.) Children under the age of 5 years underweight 7.7% (2019) 13.4% (2017) Health expenditures 3.8% (2018) 5.9% (2018) Physicians density 0.81 physicians/1,000 population (2018) 0.83 physicians/1,000 population (2016) Hospital bed density 2.1 beds/1,000 population (2010) 2.6 beds/1,000 population (2014) Obesity - adult prevalence rate 10% (2016) 2.1% (2016) Demographic profile Thailand has experienced a substantial fertility decline since the 1960s largely due to the nationwide success of its voluntary family planning program.
In just one generation, the total fertility rate (TFR) shrank from 6.5 children per woman in 1960s to below the replacement level of 2.1 in the late 1980s. Reduced fertility occurred among all segments of the Thai population, despite disparities between urban and rural areas in terms of income, education, and access to public services.
The country's "reproductive revolution" gained momentum in the 1970s as a result of the government's launch of an official population policy to reduce population growth, the introduction of new forms of birth control, and the assistance of foreign non-government organizations. Contraceptive use rapidly increased as new ways were developed to deliver family planning services to Thailand's then overwhelmingly rural population.
The contraceptive prevalence rate increased from just 14% in 1970 to 58% in 1981 and has remained about 80% since 2000. Thailand's receptiveness to family planning reflects the predominant faith, Theravada Buddhism, which emphasizes individualism, personal responsibility, and independent decision-making.
Thai women have more independence and a higher status than women in many other developing countries and are not usually pressured by their husbands or other family members about family planning decisions.
Thailand's relatively egalitarian society also does not have the son preference found in a number of other Asian countries; most Thai ideally want one child of each sex. Because of its low fertility rate, increasing life expectancy, and growing elderly population, Thailand has become an aging society that will face growing labor shortages. The proportion of the population under 15 years of age has shrunk dramatically, the proportion of working-age individuals has peaked and is starting to decrease, and the proportion of elderly is growing rapidly.
In the short-term, Thailand will have to improve educational quality to increase the productivity of its workforce and to compete globally in skills-based industries. An increasing reliance on migrant workers will be necessary to mitigate labor shortfalls. Thailand is a destination, transit, and source country for migrants.
It has 3-4 million migrant workers as of 2017, mainly providing low-skilled labor in the construction, agriculture, manufacturing, services, and fishing and seafood processing sectors. Migrant workers from other Southeast Asian countries with lower wages - primarily Burma and, to a lesser extent, Laos and Cambodia - have been coming to Thailand for decades to work in labor-intensive industries. Many are undocumented and are vulnerable to human trafficking for forced labor, especially in the fisheries industry, or sexual exploitation.
A July 2017 migrant worker law stiffening fines on undocumented workers and their employers, prompted tens of thousands of migrants to go home. Fearing a labor shortage, the Thai Government has postponed implementation of the law until January 2018 and is rapidly registering workers. Thailand has also hosted ethnic minority refugees from Burma for more than 30 thailand versus vietnam as of 2016, approximately 105,000 mainly Karen refugees from Burma were living in nine camps along the Thailand-Burma border.
Thailand versus vietnam has a significant amount of internal migration, most often from rural areas to urban centers, where there are more job opportunities. Low- and semi-skilled Thais also go abroad to work, mainly in Asia and a smaller number in the Middle East and Africa, primarily to more economically developed countries where they can earn higher wages. When Vietnam was reunified in 1975, the country had a youthful age structure and a high fertility rate.
The population growth rate slowed dramatically during the next 25 years, as fertility declined and infant mortality and life expectancy improved. The country's adoption of a one-or-two-child policy in 1988 led to increased rates of contraception and abortion. The total fertility rate dropped rapidly from nearly 5 in 1979 to 2.1 or replacement level in 1990, and at 1.8 is below replacement level today. Fertility is higher in the more rural central highlands and northern uplands, which are inhabited primarily by poorer ethnic minorities, and is lower among the majority Kinh, ethnic Chinese, and a few other ethnic groups, particularly in urban centers.
With more than two-thirds of the population of working age (15-64), Vietnam has the potential to reap a demographic dividend for approximately three decades (between 2010 and 2040). However, its ability to do so will depend on improving the quality of education and training for its workforce and creating jobs.
The Vietnamese Government is also considering changes to the country's population policy because if the country's fertility rate remains below replacement level, it could lead to a worker shortage in the future. Vietnam has experienced both internal migration and net emigration, both for humanitarian and thailand versus vietnam reasons, for the last several decades. Internal migration - rural-rural and rural-urban, temporary and permanent - continues to be a means of coping with Vietnam's extreme weather and flooding.
Although Vietnam's population is still mainly rural, increasing numbers of young men and women have been drawn to the country's urban centers where they are more likely to find steady jobs and higher pay in the growing industrial and service sectors. The aftermath of the Vietnam War in 1975 resulted in an outpouring of approximately 1.6 million Vietnamese refugees over the next two decades.
Between 1975 and 1997, programs such as the Orderly Departure Program and the Comprehensive Plan of Action resettled hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese refugees abroad, including the United States (880,000), China (260,000, mainly ethnic Chinese Hoa), Canada (160,000), Australia (155,000), and European countries (150,000).
In the 1980s, some Vietnamese students and workers began to migrate to allied communist countries, including the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and East Germany. The vast majority returned home following the fall of communism in Eastern Europe in the early 1990s. Since that time, Vietnamese labor migrants instead started to pursue opportunities in Asia and the Middle East.
They often perform low-skilled jobs under harsh conditions for low pay and are vulnerable to forced labor, including debt bondage to the private brokers who arrange the work contracts. Despite Vietnam's current labor surplus, the country has in recent years attracted some foreign workers, mainly from China and other Asian countries. Contraceptive prevalence rate 73% (2019) 76.5% (2018/19) Dependency ratios total dependency ratio: 41.9 youth dependency ratio: 23.5 elderly dependency ratio: 18.4 potential support ratio: 5.4 (2020 est.) total dependency ratio: 45.1 youth dependency ratio: 33.6 elderly dependency ratio: 11.4 potential support ratio: 8.8 (2020 est.) Government Thailand Vietnam Country name conventional long form: Kingdom of Thailand conventional short form: Thailand local long form: Ratcha Anachak Thai local short form: Prathet Thai former: Siam etymology: Land of the Tai [People]"; the meaning of "tai" is uncertain, but may originally have thailand versus vietnam "human beings," "people," or "free people conventional long form: Socialist Republic of Vietnam conventional short form: Vietnam local long form: Cong Hoa Xa Hoi Chu Nghia Viet Nam local short form: Viet Nam abbreviation: SRV etymology: "Viet nam" translates as "Viet south," where "Viet" is an ethnic self identification dating to a second century B.C.
kingdom and "nam" refers to its location in relation to other Viet kingdoms Government type constitutional monarchy communist state Capital name: Bangkok geographic coordinates: 13 45 N, 100 31 E time difference: UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: Bangkok was likely originally a colloquial name, but one that was widely adopted by foreign visitors; the name may derive from "bang ko," where "bang" is the Thai word for "village on a stream" and "ko" means "island," both referencing the area's landscape, which was carved by rivers and canals; alternatively, the name may come from "bang makok," where "makok" is the name of the Java plum, a plant bearing olive-like fruit; this possibility is supported by the former name of Wat Arun, a historic temple in the area, that used to be called Wat Makok; Krung Thep, the city's Thai name, means "City of the Deity" and is a shortening of the full ceremonial name: Krungthepmahanakhon Amonrattanakosin Mahintharayutthaya Mahadilokphop Noppharatratchathaniburirom Udomratchaniwetmahasathan Amonphimanawatansathit Sakkathattiyawitsanukamprasit; translated the meaning is: City of angels, great city of immortals, magnificent city of the nine gems, seat of the king, city of royal palaces, home of gods incarnate, erected by Vishvakarman at Indra's behest; it holds the world's record as the longest place name (169 letters) name: Hanoi (Ha Noi) geographic coordinates: 21 02 N, 105 51 E time difference: UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) etymology: the city has had many names in its history going back to A.D.
1010 when it first became the capital of imperial Vietnam; in 1831, it received its current name of Ha Noi, meaning "between the rivers," which refers to its geographic location Administrative divisions 76 provinces (changwat, singular and plural) and 1 municipality* (maha nakhon); Amnat Charoen, Ang Thong, Bueng Kan, Buri Ram, Chachoengsao, Chai Nat, Chaiyaphum, Chanthaburi, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Chon Buri, Chumphon, Kalasin, Kamphaeng Phet, Kanchanaburi, Khon Kaen, Krabi, Krung Thep* (Bangkok), Lampang, Lamphun, Loei, Lop Buri, Mae Hong Son, Maha Sarakham, Mukdahan, Nakhon Nayok, Nakhon Pathom, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Sawan, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Nan, Narathiwat, Nong Bua Lamphu, Nong Khai, Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Pattani, Phangnga, Phatthalung, Phayao, Phetchabun, Phetchaburi, Phichit, Phitsanulok, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Phrae, Phuket, Prachin Buri, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Ranong, Ratchaburi, Rayong, Roi Et, Sa Kaeo, Sakon Nakhon, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon, Samut Songkhram, Saraburi, Satun, Sing Buri, Si Sa Ket, Songkhla, Sukhothai, Suphan Buri, Surat Thani, Surin, Tak, Trang, Trat, Ubon Ratchathani, Udon Thani, Uthai Thani, Uttaradit, Yala, Yasothon 58 provinces (tinh, singular and plural) and 5 municipalities (thanh pho, singular and plural) provinces: An Giang, Bac Giang, Bac Kan, Bac Lieu, Bac Ninh, Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Ben Tre, Binh Dinh, Binh Duong, Binh Phuoc, Binh Thuan, Ca Mau, Cao Bang, Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Dien Bien, Dong Nai, Dong Thap, Gia Lai, Ha Giang, Ha Nam, Ha Tinh, Hai Duong, Hau Giang, Hoa Binh, Hung Yen, Khanh Hoa, Kien Giang, Kon Tum, Lai Chau, Lam Dong, Lang Son, Lao Cai, Long An, Nam Dinh, Nghe An, Ninh Binh, Ninh Thuan, Phu Tho, Phu Yen, Quang Binh, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Quang Ninh, Quang Tri, Soc Trang, Son La, Tay Ninh, Thai Binh, Thai Nguyen, Thanh Hoa, Thua Thien-Hue, Tien Giang, Tra Vinh, Tuyen Quang, Vinh Long, Vinh Phuc, Yen Bai municipalities: Can Tho, Da Nang, Ha Noi (Hanoi), Hai Phong, Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) Independence 1238 (traditional founding date; never colonized) 2 September 1945 (from France) National holiday Birthday of King WACHIRALONGKON, 28 July (1952) Independence Day (National Day), 2 September (1945) Constitution history: many previous; latest drafted and presented 29 March 2016, approved by referendum 7 August 2016, signed into law by the king 6 April 2017 amendments: proposed as a joint resolution by the Council of Ministers and the National Council for Peace and Order (the junta that has ruled Thailand since the 2014 coup) and submitted as a draft to the National Legislative Assembly; passage requires majority vote of the existing Assembly members and presentation to the monarch for assent and countersignature of the prime minister history: several previous; latest adopted 28 November 2013, effective 1 January 2014 amendments: proposed by the president, by the National Assembly's Standing Committee, or by at least two thirds of the National Assembly membership; a decision to draft an amendment requires approval by at least a two-thirds majority vote of the Assembly membership, followed by the formation of a constitutional drafting committee to write a draft and collect citizens' opinions; passage requires at least two-thirds majority of the Assembly membership; the Assembly can opt to conduct a referendum Legal system civil law system with common law influences civil law system; note - the civil code of 2005 reflects a European-style civil law Suffrage 18 years of age; universal and compulsory 18 years of age; universal Executive branch chief of state: King WACHIRALONGKON, also spelled Vajiralongkorn, (since 1 December 2016); note - King PHUMIPHON Adunyadet, also spelled BHUMIBOL Adulyadej (since 9 June 1946) died 13 October 2016 head of government: Prime Minister PRAYUT Chan-ocha (since thailand versus vietnam August 2014); Deputy Prime Ministers PRAWIT Wongsuwan (since 31 August 2014), WITSANU Kruea-ngam (since 31 August 2014), SUPHATTHANAPHONG Phanmichao (since August 2020), CHURIN Laksanawisit (since November 2019), ANUTHIN Chanwirakun (since November 2019), DON Pramudwinai (since August 2020) cabinet: Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister, appointed by the king; a Privy Council advises the king elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; the House of Representatives and Senate approves a person for Prime Minister who must then be appointed by the King (as stated in the transitory provision of the 2017 constitution); the office of prime minister can be held for up to a total of 8 years note: PRAYUT Chan-ocha was appointed interim prime minister in August 2014, three months after he staged the coup that removed the previously elected government of Prime Minister YINGLAK Chinnawat; on 5 June 2019 PRAYUT (independent) was approved as prime minister by the parliament - 498 votes to 244 for THANATHON Chuengrungrueangkit (FFP) chief of state: President Nguyen Xuan PHUC (since 26 July 2021) head of government: Prime Minister Pham Minh CHINH (since 26 July 2021); Deputy Prime Ministers Truong Hoa BINH (since 9 April 2016), Le Minh KHAI (since 8 April 2021), Vu Duc DAM (since thailand versus vietnam November 2013), Le Van THANH (since 8 April 2021), Pham Binh MINH (since 13 November 2013 cabinet: Cabinet proposed by prime minister confirmed by the National Assembly and appointed by the president elections/appointments: president indirectly elected by National Assembly from among its members for a single 5-year term; election last held on 26 July 2021 (next to be held in spring 2026); prime minister recommended by the president and confirmed by National Assembly; deputy prime ministers confirmed by the National Assembly and appointed by the president election results: Thailand versus vietnam Minh CHINH (CPV) reelected president; percent of National Assembly vote - 99.8%; Nguyen Xuan PHUC (CPV) reelected prime minister; percent of National Assembly vote - 100% Legislative branch description: bicameral National Assembly or Rathhasapha consists of: Senate or Wuthissapha (250 seats; members appointed by the Royal Thai Army to serve 5-year terms) House of Representatives or Saphaphuthan Ratsadon (500 seats; 375 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 150 members elected in a single nationwide constituency by party-list proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms) elections: Senate - last held on 14 May 2019 (next to be held in 2024) House of Representatives - last held on 24 March 2019 (next to be held in 2023) election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; composition - men 224, women 26, percent of women 10.4% House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - PPRP 23.7%, PTP 22.2%, FFP 17.8%, DP 11.1%, PJT 10.5%, TLP 2.3%, CTP 2.2%, NEP 1.4%, PCC 1.4%, ACT 1.2%, PCP 1.2%, other 5.1%; seats by party - PTP 136, PPRP 116, FFP 81, DP 53, PJT 51, CTP 10, TLP 10, PCC 7, PCP 5, NEP 6, ACT 5, other 20; composition - men 421, women 79, percent of women 15.8%; note - total National Assembly percent of women 14% description: unicameral National Assembly or Quoc Hoi (500 seats - number following 2016 election - 494; number of current serving members - 484; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote; members serve 5-year terms) elections: last held on 22 May 2016 (next to be held in May 2021) election results: percent of vote by party -CPV 95.8%, non-party members 4.2%; seats by party - CPV 474, non-party CPV-approved 20, self-nominated 2; note - 494 candidates elected, 2 CPV candidates-elect were disqualified; composition - men 364, women 122, percent of women 26.6% Judicial branch highest courts: Supreme Court of Justice (consists of the court president, 6 vice presidents, 60-70 judges, and organized into 10 divisions); Constitutional Court (consists of the court president and 8 judges); Supreme Administrative Court (number of judges determined by Judicial Commission of the Administrative Courts) judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges selected by the Judicial Commission of the Courts of Justice and approved by the monarch; judge term determined by the monarch; Constitutional Court justices - 3 judges drawn from the Supreme Court, 2 judges drawn from the Administrative Court, and 4 judge candidates selected by the Selective Committee for Judges of the Constitutional Court, and confirmed by the Senate; judges appointed by the monarch serve single 9-year terms; Supreme Administrative Court judges selected by the Judicial Commission of the Administrative Courts and appointed by the monarch; judges serve for life subordinate courts: courts of first instance and appeals courts within both the judicial and administrative systems; military courts highest courts: Supreme People's Court (consists of the chief justice and 13 judges) judge selection and term of office: chief justice elected by the National Assembly upon the recommendation of the president for a 5-year, renewable term; deputy chief justice appointed by the president from among thailand versus vietnam judges for a 5-year term; judges appointed by the president and confirmed by the National Assembly for 5-year terms subordinate courts: High Courts (administrative, civil, criminal, economic, labor, family, juvenile); provincial courts; district courts; Military Court; note - the National Assembly Standing Committee can establish special tribunals upon the recommendation of the chief justice Political parties and leaders Action Coalition of Thailand Party or ACT [TAWEESAK Na Takuathung (acting); CHATUMONGKHON Sonakun resigned June 2020] Anakhot Mai Party (Future Forward Party) or FFP [THANATHON Chuengrungrueangkit] (dissolved, February 2020) Chat Phatthana Party (National Development Party) [THEWAN Liptaphanlop] Chat Thai Phatthana Party (Thai Nation Development Party) or CTP [KANCHANA Sinlapa-acha] New Economics Party or NEP [MINGKHWAN Sangsuwan] Phalang Pracharat Party or PPP [UTTAMA Sawanayon] Phumchai Thai Party (Thai Pride Party) or PJT [ANUTHIN Chanwirakun] Prachachat Party of PCC [WAN Muhamad NOOR Matha] Prachathipat Party (Democrat Party) or DP [CHURIN Laksanawisit] Puea Chat Party (For Nation Party) or PCP [SONGKHRAM Kitletpairot] Puea Thai Party (For Thais Party) or PTP [WIROT Paoin] Puea Tham Party (For Dharma Party) [NALINI Thawisin] Seri Ruam Thai Party (Thai Liberal Party) or TLP [SERIPHISUT Temiyawet] Thai Forest Conservation Party or TFCP [DAMRONG Phidet] Thai Local Power Party or TLP [collective leadership] Thai Raksa Chat Party (Thai National Preservation Party) [PRICHAPHON Phongpanit] note: as of 5 April 2018, 98 new parties applied to be registered with the Election Commission in accordance with the provisions of the new organic law on political parties Communist Party of Vietnam or CPV [Nguyen Phu TRONG] note: other parties proscribed International organization participation ADB, APEC, ARF, ASEAN, BIMSTEC, BIS, CD, CICA, CP, EAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE (partner), PCA, PIF (partner), UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMOGIP, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO ADB, APEC, ARF, ASEAN, CICA, CP, EAS, FAO, Thailand versus vietnam, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador MANATSAWI Sisodaphon (since 17 February 2021) chancery: 1024 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Suite 401, Washington, DC 20007 telephone:  (202) 944-3600 FAX:  (202) 944-3611 email address and website: https://thaiembdc.org consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York chief of mission: Ambassador Ha Kim NGOC (since 17 September 2018) chancery: 1233 20th Street NW, Suite 400, Washington, DC 20036 telephone:  (202) 861-0737 FAX:  (202) 861-0917 email address and website: email@example.com http://vietnamembassy-usa.org/ thailand versus vietnam general: Houston, San Francisco consulate(s): New York Diplomatic representation from the US chief of thailand versus vietnam Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Michael HEATH (since August 2019) embassy: 95 Wireless Road, Bangkok 10330 mailing address: 7200 Bangkok Place, Washington DC 20521-7200 telephone:  2-205-4000 FAX:  2-205-4103 email address and website: firstname.lastname@example.org https://th.usembassy.gov/ consulate(s) general: Chiang Mai chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); ChargÃ© d'Affaires Christopher KLEIN (since 16 April 2021) embassy: 7 Lang Ha Street, Hanoi mailing address: 4550 Hanoi Place, Washington, DC 20521-4550 telephone:  (24) 3850-5000 FAX:  (24) 3850-5010 email address and website: ACShanoi@state.gov https://vn.usembassy.gov/ consulate(s) general: Ho Chi Minh City Flag description five horizontal bands of red (top), white, blue (double width), white, and red; the red color symbolizes the nation and the blood of life, white represents religion and the purity of Buddhism, and blue stands for the monarchy note: similar to the flag of Costa Rica but with the blue and red colors reversed red field with a large yellow five-pointed star in the center; red symbolizes revolution and blood, the five-pointed star represents the five elements of the populace - peasants, workers, intellectuals, traders, and soldiers - that unite to build socialism National anthem name: "Phleng Chat Thai" (National Anthem of Thailand) lyrics/music: Luang SARANUPRAPAN/Phra JENDURIYANG note: music adopted 1932, lyrics adopted 1939; by law, people are required to stand for the national anthem at 0800 and 1800 every day; the anthem is played in schools, offices, theaters, and on television and radio during this time; "Phleng Sanlasoen Phra Barami" (A Salute to the Monarch) serves as the royal anthem and is played in the thailand versus vietnam of the royal family and during certain state ceremonies name: "Tien quan ca" (The Song of the Marching Troops) lyrics/music: Nguyen Van CAO note: adopted as the national anthem of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945; it became the national anthem of the unified Socialist Republic of Vietnam in 1976; although it consists of two verses, only the first is used as the official anthem International law organization participation has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt National symbol(s) garuda (mythical half-man, half-bird figure), elephant; national colors: red, white, blue yellow, five-pointed star on red field; lotus blossom; national colors: red, yellow Citizenship citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Thailand dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Vietnam dual citizenship recognized: no thailand versus vietnam requirement for naturalization: 5 years Economy Thailand Vietnam Economy - overview With a relatively well-developed infrastructure, a free-enterprise economy, and generally pro-investment policies, Thailand is highly dependent on international trade, with exports accounting for about two thirds of GDP.
Thailand's exports include electronics, agricultural commodities, automobiles and parts, and processed foods. The industry and service sectors produce about 90% of GDP. The agricultural sector, comprised mostly of small-scale farms, contributes only 10% of GDP but employs about one third of the labor force. Thailand has attracted an estimated 3.0-4.5 million migrant workers, mostly from neighboring countries. Over the last few decades, Thailand has reduced poverty substantially.
In 2013, the Thai Government implemented a nationwide 300 baht (roughly $10) per day minimum wage policy and deployed new tax reforms designed to lower rates on middle-income earners. Thailand's economy is recovering from slow growth during the years since the 2014 coup. Thailand's economic fundamentals are sound, with low inflation, low unemployment, and reasonable public and external debt levels.
Tourism and government spending - mostly on infrastructure and short-term stimulus measures - have helped to boost the economy, and The Bank of Thailand has been supportive, with several interest rate reductions.
Over the longer-term, household debt levels, political uncertainty, and an aging population pose risks to growth. Vietnam is a densely populated developing country that has been transitioning since 1986 from the rigidities of a centrally planned, highly agrarian economy to a more industrial and market based economy, and it has raised incomes substantially.
Vietnam exceeded its 2017 GDP growth target of 6.7% with growth of 6.8%, primarily due to unexpected increases in thailand versus vietnam demand, and strong manufacturing exports.
Vietnam has a young population, stable political system, commitment to sustainable growth, relatively low inflation, stable currency, strong FDI inflows, and strong manufacturing sector.
In addition, the country is committed to continuing its global economic integration. Vietnam joined the WTO in January 2007 and concluded several free trade agreements in 2015-16, including the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (which the EU has not yet ratified), the Korean Free Trade Agreement, and the Eurasian Economic Union Free Trade Agreement. In 2017, Vietnam successfully chaired the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Conference with its key priorities including inclusive growth, innovation, strengthening small and medium enterprises, food security, and climate change.
Seeking to diversify its opportunities, Vietnam also signed the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for the Transpacific Partnership in 2018 and continued to pursue the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership. To continue its trajectory of strong economic growth, the government acknowledges the need to spark a `second wave' of reforms, including reforming state-owned-enterprises, reducing red tape, increasing business sector transparency, reducing the level of non-performing loans in the banking sector, and increasing financial sector transparency.
Vietnam's public debt to GDP ratio is nearing the government mandated ceiling of 65%. In 2016, Vietnam cancelled its civilian thailand versus vietnam energy development program, citing public concerns about safety and the high cost of the program; it faces growing pressure on energy infrastructure. Overall, the country's infrastructure fails to meet the needs of an expanding middle class. Vietnam has demonstrated a commitment to sustainable growth over the last several years, but despite the recent speed-up in economic growth the government remains cautious about the risk of external shocks.
GDP (purchasing power parity) $1,285,287,000,000 (2019 est.) $1,255,719,000,000 (2018 est.) $1,205,674,000,000 (2017 est.) note: data are in 2010 dollars $775.669 billion (2019 est.) $724.806 billion (2018 est.) $676.909 billion (2017 est.) note: data are in 2017 dollars GDP - real growth rate 2.62% (2019 est.) 4.31% (2018 est.) 4.26% (2017 est.) 6.8% (2017 est.) 7.16% (2017 est.) 6.2% (2016 est.) GDP - per thailand versus vietnam (PPP) $18,460 (2019 est.) $18,087 (2018 est.) $17,421 (2017 est.) note: data are in 2010 dollars $8,041 (2019 est.) $7,586 (2018 est.) $7,156 (2017 est.) note: data are in 2010 dollars GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 8.2% (2017 est.) industry: 36.2% (2017 est.) services: 55.6% (2017 est.) agriculture: 15.3% (2017 est.) industry: 33.3% (2017 est.) services: 51.3% (2017 est.) Population below poverty line 9.9% (2018 est.) 6.7% (2018 est.) Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: 2.8% highest 10%: 31.5% (2009 est.) lowest 10%: 2.7% highest 10%: 26.8% (2014) Inflation rate (consumer prices) 0.7% (2019 est.) 1% (2018 est.) 0.6% (2017 est.) 2.7% (2019 est.) 3.5% (2018 est.) 3.5% (2017 est.) Labor force 37.546 million (2020 est.) 54.659 million (2019 est.) Labor force - by occupation agriculture: 31.8% industry: 16.7% services: 51.5% (2015 est.) agriculture: 40.3% industry: 25.7% services: 34% (2017) Unemployment rate 0.99% (2019 est.) 1.06% (2018 est.) 3.11% (2018 est.) 2.2% (2017 est.) Distribution of family income - Gini index 36.4 (2018 est.) 48.4 (2011) 35.7 (2018 est.) 37.6 (2008) Budget revenues: 69.23 billion (2017 est.) expenditures: 85.12 billion (2017 est.) revenues: 54.59 billion (2017 est.) expenditures: 69.37 billion (2017 est.) Industries tourism, textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco, cement, light manufacturing such as jewelry and electric appliances, computers and parts, integrated circuits, furniture, plastics, automobiles and automotive parts, agricultural machinery, air conditioning and refrigeration, ceramics, aluminum, chemical, environmental management, glass, granite and marble, leather, machinery and metal work, petrochemical, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, printing, pulp and paper, rubber, sugar, rice, fishing, cassava, world's second-largest tungsten producer and third-largest tin producer food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, mobile phones Industrial production growth rate 1.6% (2017 est.) 8% (2017 est.) Agriculture - products sugar cane, cassava, rice, oil palm fruit, rubber, maize, tropical fruit, poultry, pineapples, mangoes/guavas rice, vegetables, sugar cane, cassava, maize, pork, fruit, bananas, coffee, coconuts Exports $291.169 billion (2019 est.) $298.968 billion (2018 est.) $289.239 billion (2017 thailand versus vietnam $248.953 billion (2019 est.) $233.294 billion (2018 est.) $204.169 billion (2017 est.) Exports - commodities office machinery/parts, cars and vehicle parts, integrated circuits, delivery trucks, gold (2019) broadcasting equipment, telephones, integrated circuits, footwear, furniture (2019) Exports - partners United States 13%, China 12%, Japan 10%, Vietnam 5% (2019) United States 23%, China 14%, Japan 8%, South Korea 7% (2019) Imports $257.873 billion (2019 est.) $269.455 billion (2018 est.) $248.698 billion (2017 est.) $266.066 billion (2019 est.) $245.563 billion (2018 est.) $217.684 billion (2017 est.) Imports - commodities crude petroleum, integrated circuits, natural gas, vehicle parts, gold (2019) integrated circuits, telephones, refined petroleum, textiles, semiconductors (2019) Imports - partners China 22%, Japan 14%, United States 7%, Malaysia 6% (2019) China 35%, South Korea 18%, Japan 6% (2019) Debt - external $167.89 billion (2019 est.) $158.964 billion (2018 est.) $96.58 billion (31 December 2017 est.) $84.34 billion (31 December 2016 est.) Exchange rates baht per US dollar - 30.03 (2020 est.) 30.29749 (2019 est.) 32.8075 (2018 est.) 34.248 (2014 est.) 32.48 (2013 est.) dong (VND) per US dollar - 23,129 (2020 est.) 23,171.5 (2019 est.) 23,312.5 (2018 est.) 21,909 (2014 est.) 21,189 (2013 est.) Fiscal year 1 October - 30 September calendar year Public debt 41.9% of GDP (2017 est.) 41.8% of GDP (2016 est.) note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions 58.5% of GDP (2017 est.) 59.9% of GDP (2016 est.) note: official data; data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions Reserves of foreign exchange and gold $202.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.) $171.9 billion (31 December 2016 est.) $49.5 billion (31 December 2017 est.) $36.91 billion (31 December 2016 est.) Current Account Balance $37.033 billion (2019 est.) $28.423 billion (2018 est.) $12.478 billion (2019 est.) $5.769 billion (2018 est.) GDP (official exchange rate) $543.798 billion (2019 est.) $259.957 billion (2019 est.) Credit ratings Fitch rating: BBB+ (2013) Moody's rating: Baa1 (2003) Standard & Poors rating: BBB+ (2004) Fitch rating: BB (2018) Moody's rating: Ba3 (2018) Standard & Poors rating: BB (2019) Ease of Doing Business Index scores Overall score: 80.1 (2020) Starting a Business score: 92.4 (2020) Trading score: 84.6 (2020) Enforcement score: 67.9 (2020) Overall score: 69.8 (2020) Starting a Business score: 85.1 (2020) Trading score: 70.8 (2020) Enforcement score: 62.1 (2020) Taxes and other revenues 15.2% (of GDP) (2017 est.) 24.8% (of GDP) (2017 est.) Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.5% (of GDP) (2017 est.) -6.7% (of GDP) (2017 est.) Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 total: 4.2% male: 3.4% female: 5.3% (2019 est.) total: 7.6% male: 6.6% female: 8.9% (2020 est.) GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 48.8% (2017 est.) government consumption: 16.4% (2017 est.) investment in fixed capital: 23.2% (2017 est.) investment in inventories: -0.4% (2017 est.) exports of goods and services: 68.2% (2017 est.) imports of goods and services: -54.6% thailand versus vietnam est.) household consumption: 66.9% (2017 est.) government consumption: 6.5% (2017 est.) investment in fixed capital: 24.2% (2017 est.) investment in inventories: 2.8% (2017 est.) exports of goods and services: 100% (2017 est.) imports of goods and services: -101% (2017 est.) Gross national saving 31.5% of GDP (2019 est.) 31.7% of GDP (2018 est.) 31.9% of GDP (2017 est.) 23.1% of GDP (2019 est.) 23.4% of GDP (2018 est.) 22.2% of GDP (2017 est.) Energy Thailand Vietnam Electricity - production 181.5 billion kWh (2016 est.) 158.2 billion kWh (2016 est.) Electricity - consumption 187.7 billion kWh (2016 est.) 143.2 thailand versus vietnam kWh (2016 est.) Electricity - exports 2.267 billion kWh (2015 est.) 713 million kWh (2017 est.) Electricity - imports 19.83 billion kWh (2016 est.) 2.733 billion kWh (2016 est.) Oil - production 228,000 bbl/day (2018 est.) 242,000 bbl/day (2018 est.) Oil - imports 875,400 bbl/day (2015 est.) 0 bbl/day (2015 est.) Oil - exports 790 bbl/day (2015 est.) 324,600 bbl/day (2015 est.) Oil - proved reserves 349.4 million bbl (1 January 2018 est.) 4.4 billion bbl (1 January 2018 est.) Natural gas - proved reserves 193.4 billion cu m (1 January 2018 est.) 699.4 billion cu m (1 January 2018 est.) Natural gas - production 38.59 billion cu m (2017 est.) 8.098 billion cu m (2017 est.) Natural gas - consumption 52.64 billion cu m (2017 est.) 8.098 billion cu m (2017 est.) Natural gas - exports 0 cu m (2017 est.) 0 cu m (2017 est.) Natural gas - imports 14.41 billion cu m (2017 est.) 0 cu m (2017 est.) Electricity - installed generating capacity 44.89 million kW (2016 est.) 40.77 million kW (2016 est.) Electricity - from fossil fuels 76% of total installed capacity (2016 est.) 56% of total installed capacity (2016 est.) Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 8% of total installed capacity (2017 est.) 43% of total installed capacity (2017 est.) Electricity - from nuclear fuels 0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.) 0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.) Electricity - from other renewable sources 16% of total installed capacity (2017 est.) 1% of total installed capacity (2017 est.) Refined petroleum products - production 1.328 million bbl/day (2015 est.) 153,800 bbl/day (2015 est.) Refined petroleum products - consumption 1.326 million bbl/day (2016 est.) 438,000 bbl/day (2016 est.) Refined petroleum products - exports 278,300 bbl/day (2015 est.) 25,620 bbl/day (2015 est.) Refined petroleum products - imports 134,200 bbl/day (2015 est.) 282,800 bbl/day (2015 est.) Electricity access electrification - total population: 100% (2020) electrification - total population: 100% (2019) Telecommunications Thailand Vietnam Telephones - main lines in use total subscriptions: 5.415 million subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 7.84 (2019 est.) total subscriptions: 3,658,005 subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 3.63 (2019 est.) Telephones - mobile cellular total subscriptions: 129.614 million subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 187.62 (2019 est.) total subscriptions: 136,230,406 thailand versus vietnam per 100 inhabitants: 135.32 (2019 est.) Internet country code .th .vn Internet users total: 38,987,531 percent of population: 56.82% (July 2018 est.) total: 68,267,875 percent of population: 70.35% (July 2018 est.) Telecommunication systems general assessment: high-quality system, especially in urban areas; mobile and mobile broadband penetration are on the increase; FttH has strong growth in cities; 4G-LTE available with adoption of 5G services; seven smart cities with aim for 100 smart cities by 2024; one of the biggest e-commerce markets in Southeast Asia; fixed-broadband and mobile marketplace on par with other developed Asian markets; development of Asian data center underway; Internet connectivity supported by international bandwidth to Singapore, Malaysia, and Hong Kong, and terrestrial cables with neighboring countries; two more submarine cables under construction with anticipated landings in 2022; government restricts Internet and freedom of press, with additional constraints in response to pandemic-related criticism in 2020; importer of broadcasting equipment and integrated circuits from China and export of same to neighboring countries in Asia (2021) (2020) domestic: fixed-line system provided by both a government-owned and commercial provider; wireless service expanding rapidly; fixed-line 4 per 100 and mobile-cellular 186 per 100 (2019) international: country code - 66; landing points for the AAE-1, FEA, SeaMeWe-3,-4, APG, SJC2, TIS, MCT and AAG submarine cable systems providing links throughout Asia, Australia, Africa, Middle East, Europe, and US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean, 1 Pacific Ocean) (2019) note: the COVID-19 pandemic continues to have a significant impact on production and supply chains globally; since 2020, some aspects of the telecom sector have experienced downturn, particularly in mobile device production; many network operators delayed upgrades to infrastructure; progress towards 5G implementation was postponed or slowed in some countries; consumer spending on telecom services and devices was affected by large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes; the crucial nature of telecom services as a tool for work and school from home became evident, and received some support from governments general assessment: though communist, government plans to partially privatize the state's holdings in telecom companies; competition is thriving in the telecom market place and driving e-commerce; mobile dominates over fixed-line; FttH market is growing; government is the driving force for growth with aims of commercializing 5G services with test licenses; Ho Chi Minh City to become the first smart city in Vietnam with cloud computing infrastructure, big data, data centers, and security-monitoring centers (2020) (2020) domestic: all provincial exchanges are digitalized and connected to Hanoi, Da Nang, and Ho Chi Minh City by fiber-optic cable or microwave radio relay networks; main lines have been increased, and the use of mobile telephones is growing rapidly; fixed-line 4 per 100 and mobile-cellular 141 per 100 (2019) international: country code - 84; landing points for the SeaMeWe-3, APG, SJC2, AAE-1, AAG and the TGN-IA submarine cable system providing connectivity to Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Southeast Asia, Australia, and the US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intersputnik (Indian Ocean region) (2020) note: the COVID-19 pandemic continues to have a significant impact on production and supply chains globally; since 2020, some aspects of the telecom sector have experienced downturn, particularly in mobile device production; many network operators delayed upgrades to infrastructure; progress towards 5G implementation was postponed or slowed in some countries; consumer spending on telecom services and devices was affected by large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes; the crucial nature of telecom services as a tool for work and school from home became evident, and received some support from governments Broadband - fixed subscriptions total: 10,108,819 subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 14.63 (2019 est.) total: 14,802,380 subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 14.7 (2019 est.) Broadcast media 26 digital TV stations in Bangkok broadcast nationally, 6 terrestrial TV stations in Bangkok broadcast nationally via relay stations - 2 of the stations are owned by the military, the other 4 are government-owned or controlled, leased to private enterprise, and all are required to broadcast government-produced news programs twice a day; multi-channel thailand versus vietnam and cable TV subscription services are available; radio frequencies have been allotted for more than 500 government and commercial radio stations; many small community radio stations operate with low-power transmitters (2017) government controls all broadcast media exercising oversight through the Ministry of Information and Communication (MIC); government-controlled national TV provider, Vietnam Television (VTV), operates a network of several channels with regional broadcasting centers; programming is relayed nationwide via a network of provincial and municipal TV stations; law limits access to satellite TV but many households are able to thailand versus vietnam foreign programming via home satellite equipment; government-controlled Voice of Vietnam, the national radio broadcaster, broadcasts on several channels and is repeated on AM, FM, and shortwave stations throughout Vietnam (2018) Transportation Thailand Vietnam Railways total: 4,127 km (2017) standard gauge: 84 km 1.435-m gauge (84 km electrified) (2017) narrow gauge: 4,043 km 1.000-m gauge (2017) total: 2,600 km (2014) standard gauge: 178 km 1.435-m gauge; 253 km mixed gauge (2014) narrow gauge: 2,169 km 1.000-m gauge (2014) Roadways total: 180,053 km (includes 450 km of expressways) (2006) total: 195,468 km (2013) paved: 148,338 km (2013) unpaved: 47,130 km (2013) Waterways 4,000 km (3,701 km navigable by boats with drafts up to 0.9 m) (2011) 47,130 km (30,831 km weight under 50 tons) (2011) Pipelines 2 km condensate, 5900 km gas, thailand versus vietnam km liquid petroleum gas, 1 km oil, 1097 km refined products (2013) 72 km condensate, 398 km condensate/gas, 955 km gas, 128 km oil, 33 km oil/gas/water, 206 km refined products, 13 km water (2013) Ports and terminals major seaport(s): Bangkok, Laem Chabang, Map Ta Phut, Prachuap Port, Si Racha container port(s) (TEUs): Laem Chabang (8,106,928) (2019) LNG terminal(s) (import): Map Ta Phut major seaport(s): Cam Pha Port, Da Nang, Haiphong, Phu My, Quy Nhon container port(s) (TEUs): Saigon (7,220,377), Cai Mep (3,742,384), Haiphong (5,133,150) (2019) river port(s): Ho Chi Minh (Mekong) Merchant marine total: 840 by type: bulk carrier 26, container ship 28, general cargo 87, oil tanker 257, other 442 (2020) total: 1,909 by type: bulk carrier 102, container ship 40, general cargo 1,196, oil tanker 121, other 450 (2020) Airports total: 101 (2013) total: 45 (2013) Airports - with paved runways total: 63 (2013) over 3,047 m: 8 (2013) 2,438 to 3,047 m: 12 (2013) 1,524 to 2,437 m: 23 (2013) 914 to 1,523 m: 14 (2013) under 914 m: 6 (2013) total: 38 (2013) over 3,047 m: 10 (2013) 2,438 to 3,047 m: 6 (2013) 1,524 to 2,437 m: 13 (2013) 914 to 1,523 m: 9 (2013) Airports - with unpaved runways total: 38 (2013) 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2013) 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013) 914 to 1,523 m: 10 (2013) under 914 m: 26 (2013) total: 7 (2013) 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013) 914 to thailand versus vietnam m: 3 (2013) under 914 m: 3 (2013) Heliports 7 (2013) 1 (2013) National air transport system number of registered air carriers: 15 (2020) inventory of registered aircraft thailand versus vietnam by air carriers: 283 annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 76,053,042 (2018) annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 2,666,260,000 mt-km (2018) number of registered air carriers: 5 (2020) inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 224 annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 47,049,671 thailand versus vietnam annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 481.37 million mt-km (2018) Civil aircraft registration country code prefix HS VN Military Thailand Vietnam Military branches Royal Thai Armed Forces (Kongthap Thai, RTARF): Royal Thai Army (Kongthap Bok Thai, RTA; includes Thai Rangers (Thahan Phrahan)), Royal Thai Navy (Kongthap Ruea Thai, RTN; includes Royal Thai Marine Corps), Royal Thai Air Force (Kongthap Akaat Thai, RTAF); Office of the Prime Minister: Internal Security Operations Command (ISOC; oversees counter-insurgency operations, as well as countering terrorism, narcotics and weapons trafficking, and other internal security duties); Ministry of Interior: Volunteer Defense Corps (2021) note: the Thai Rangers (aka Thahan Phrahan or 'Hunter Soldiers') is a paramilitary force formed in 1978 to clear Communist Party of Thailand guerrillas from mountain strongholds in the country's northeast; it is a light infantry force led by regular officers and non-commissioned officers and comprised of both full- and part-time personnel; it conducts counterinsurgency operations in the southern region; on the eastern border with Laos and Cambodia, the Rangers have primary responsibility for border surveillance and protection People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN; aka Vietnam People's Army, VPA): Ground Forces, Navy (includes naval infantry), Air Force and Air Defense, Border Defense Force, and Vietnam Coast Guard; Vietnam People's Public Security; Vietnam Civil Defense Force (2020) Military service age and obligation 21 years of age for compulsory military service; 18 years of age for voluntary military service; males register at 18 years of age; 2-year conscript service obligation based on lottery (2019) 18-27 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service (females eligible for conscription, but in practice only males are drafted); conscription typically takes place twice annually and service obligation is 2 years (Army, Air Defense) and 3 years (Navy and Air Force) (2019) Military expenditures - percent of GDP 1.4% of GDP (2020 est.) 1.3% of GDP (2019) 1.4% of GDP (2018) 1.6% of GDP (2017) 1.6% of GDP (2016) 2.36% of GDP (2018 est.) 2.3% of GDP (2017) 2.5% of GDP (2016) 2.4% of GDP (2015) 2.3% of GDP (2014) Military and security service personnel strengths estimates for the size of the Royal Thai Armed Forces (RTARF) vary widely; approximately 350,000 active duty personnel (240,000 Army; 65,000 Navy; 45,000 Air Force); est.
20,000 Thai Rangers; est. 5-6,000 Internal Security Operations Command (2020) information is limited and estimates of the size of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) vary; approximately 470,000 active duty troops (400,000 ground; 40,000 naval; 30,000 air); est.
40,000 Border Defense Force and Coast Guard (2020) Military equipment inventories and acquisitions the RTARF has a diverse array of foreign-supplied weapons systems, including a large amount of obsolescent or second-hand US equipment; since 2010, Thailand has received military equipment from nearly 20 countries with China, South Korea, Sweden, Ukraine, and the US as the leading suppliers (2020) the PAVN is armed largely with weapons and equipment from Russia and the former Soviet Union; Russia remains the main supplier of newer PAVN military equipment, although in recent years Vietnam has begun diversifying its procurement with purchases from other countries including Belarus, India, Israel, South Korea, and Ukraine (2020) Transnational Issues Thailand Vietnam Disputes - international separatist violence in Thailand's predominantly Malay-Muslim southern provinces prompt border closures and controls with Malaysia to stem insurgent activities; Southeast Asian states have enhanced border surveillance to check the spread of avian flu; talks continue on completion of demarcation with Laos but disputes remain over several islands in the Mekong River; despite continuing border committee talks, Thailand must deal with Karen and other ethnic rebels, refugees, and illegal cross-border activities; Cambodia and Thailand dispute sections of boundary; in 2011, Thailand and Cambodia resorted to arms in the dispute over the location of the boundary on the precipice surmounted by Preah Vihear temple ruins, awarded to Cambodia by ICJ decision in 1962 and part of a planned UN World Heritage site; Thailand is studying the feasibility of jointly constructing the Hatgyi Dam on the Salween river near the border thailand versus vietnam Burma; in 2004, international environmentalist pressure prompted China to halt construction of 13 dams on the Salween River that flows through China, Burma, and Thailand; approximately 100,000 mostly Karen refugees fleeing civil strife, political upheaval and economic stagnation in Burma live in remote camps in Thailand near the border southeast Asian states have enhanced border surveillance to check the spread of Asian swine fever; Cambodia and Laos protest Vietnamese squatters and armed encroachments thailand versus vietnam border; Cambodia accuses Vietnam of a wide variety of illicit cross-border activities; progress on a joint development area with Cambodia is hampered by an unresolved dispute over sovereignty of offshore islands; an estimated 300,000 Vietnamese refugees reside in China; establishment of a maritime boundary with Cambodia is hampered by unresolved dispute over the sovereignty of offshore islands; the decade-long demarcation of the China-Vietnam land boundary was completed in 2009; China occupies the Paracel Islands also claimed by Vietnam and Taiwan; Brunei claims a maritime boundary extending beyond as far as a median with Vietnam, thus asserting an implicit claim to Lousia Reef; the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea" eased tensions but differences between the parties negotiating the Code of Conduct continue; Vietnam continues to expand construction of facilities in the Spratly Islands; in March 2005, the national oil companies of China, the Philippines, and Vietnam signed a joint accord to conduct marine seismic activities in the Spratly Islands; Economic Exclusion Zone negotiations with Indonesia are ongoing, and the two countries in Fall 2011 agreed to work together to reduce illegal fishing along their maritime boundary; in May 2018, Russia's RosneftVietnam unit started drilling at a block southeast of Vietnam which is within the area outlined by China's nine-dash line and Beijing issued a warning Illicit drugs a minor producer of opium, heroin, and marijuana; transit point for illicit heroin en route to the international drug market from Burma and Laos; eradication efforts have reduced the area of cannabis cultivation and shifted some production to neighboring countries; opium poppy cultivation has been reduced by eradication efforts; also a drug money-laundering center; minor role in methamphetamine production for regional consumption; major consumer of methamphetamine since the 1990s despite a series of government crackdowns minor producer of opium poppy; probable minor transit point for Southeast Asian heroin; government continues to face domestic opium/heroin/methamphetamine addiction problems despite longstanding crackdowns; enforces the death penalty for drug trafficking Refugees and internally displaced persons refugees (country of origin): 91,806 (Burma) (2020) IDPs: 41,000 stateless persons: 480,695 (2020) (estimate represents stateless persons registered with the Thai Government; actual number may be as high as 3.5 million); note - about half of Thailand's northern hill tribe people do not have citizenship and make up the bulk of Thailand's stateless population; most lack documentation showing they or one of their parents were born in Thailand; children born to Burmese refugees are not eligible for Burmese or Thai citizenship and are stateless; most Chao Lay, maritime nomadic peoples, who travel from island to island in the Andaman Sea west of Thailand are also stateless; stateless Rohingya refugees from Burma are considered illegal migrants by Thai authorities and are detained in inhumane conditions or expelled; stateless persons are denied access thailand versus vietnam voting, property, education, employment, healthcare, and driving note: Thai nationality was granted to more than 23,000 stateless persons between 2012 and 2016; in 2016, the Government of Thailand approved changes to its citizenship laws that could make 80,000 stateless persons eligible for citizenship, as part of its effort to achieve zero statelessness by 2024 (2018) stateless persons: 32,890 (2020); note - Vietnam's stateless ethnic Chinese Cambodian population dates to the 1970s when thousands of Cambodians fled to Vietnam to escape the Khmer Rouge and were no longer recognized as Cambodian citizens; Vietnamese women who gave up their citizenship to marry foreign men have found themselves stateless after divorcing and returning home to Vietnam; the government addressed this problem in 2009, and Vietnamese women are beginning to reclaim their citizenship Trafficking in persons current situation: Thailand is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and thailand versus vietnam subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking; victims from Burma, Cambodia, Laos, China, Vietnam, Uzbekistan, and India, migrate to Thailand in search of jobs but are forced, coerced, or defrauded into labor in commercial fishing, fishing-related industries, factories, domestic work, street begging, or the sex trade; some Thai, Burmese, Cambodian, and Indonesian men forced to work on fishing boats are kept at sea for years; sex trafficking of adults and children from Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, and Burma remains a significant problem; Thailand is a transit country for victims from China, Vietnam, Bangladesh, and Burma subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor in Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Russia, South Korea, the US, and countries in Western Europe; Thai victims are also trafficked in North America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Thailand does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking, and is not making significant efforts to do so; in 2014, authorities investigated, prosecuted, and convicted fewer traffickers and identified fewer victims; some cases of official complicity were investigated and prosecuted, but thailand versus vietnam corruption continues to hinder progress in combatting trafficking; authorities' efforts to screen for victims among vulnerable populations remained inadequate due to a poor understanding of trafficking indicators, a failure to recognize non-physical forms of coercion, and a shortage of language interpreters; the government passed new labor laws increasing the minimum age in the fishing industry to 18 years old, guaranteeing the minimum wage, and requiring work contracts, but weak law enforcement and poor coordination among regulatory agencies enabled exploitive labor practices to continue; the government increased efforts to raise public awareness to the dangers of human trafficking and to deny entry to foreign sex tourists (2015) current situation: human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Vietnam, and traffickers exploit Vietnamese abroad; Vietnamese men and women who migrate abroad for work may be subject to exploitation and illegally high fees from recruiters trapping them in debt bondage; traffickers subject victims to forced labor in construction, fishing, agriculture, mining, maritime industries, logging, and manufacturing, primarily in Taiwan, Malaysia, Republic of Korea, Laos, Japan, and to a lesser extent, some parts of Europe and the UK; traffickers mislead Vietnamese women and children with fraudulent employment opportunities and sex traffick them to brothels on the borders of China, Cambodia, Laos, and elsewhere in Asia; traffickers use the Internet, gaming sites, and particularly social media to lure victims; domestic traffickers are sometimes family members or small-scale networks exploiting Vietnamese men, women, and children - including street children and children with disabilities - in forced labor as street beggars or in brick kilns and thailand versus vietnam child sex tourists from elsewhere in Asia and other countries exploit children; prisoners reportedly are forced to work in agriculture, manufacturing, and hazardous industries, such as cashew processing tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Vietnam does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so; efforts include providing trafficking victims the right to legal representation in judicial proceedings, increasing the amount of shelter time for victims by one month, providing financial support, continuing large-scale awareness campaigns in vulnerable communities and to workers going overseas, and training law enforcement; however, fewer victims were identified or assisted and procedures remained slow and ineffective; provincial officials unfamiliar with anti-trafficking law impede anti-trafficking efforts; labor recruitment firms extorted illegal high fees from workers looking for overseas employment putting them at risk for forced labor; no investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of officials complicit in trafficking offenses were made (2020) Environment Thailand Vietnam Air pollutants particulate matter thailand versus vietnam 26.23 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.) carbon dioxide emissions: 283.76 megatons (2016 est.) methane emissions: 86.98 megatons (2020 est.) particulate matter emissions: 29.66 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.) carbon dioxide emissions: 192.67 megatons (2016 est.) methane emissions: 110.4 megatons (2020 est.) Total water withdrawal municipal: 2.739 billion cubic meters (2017 est.) industrial: 2.777 billion cubic meters (2017 est.) agricultural: 51.79 billion cubic meters (2017 est.) municipal: 1.206 billion cubic meters (2017 est.) industrial: 3.074 billion cubic meters (2017 est.) agricultural: 77.75 billion cubic meters (2017 est.) Revenue from forest resources forest revenues: 0.34% of GDP (2018 est.) forest revenues: 1.49% of GDP (2018 est.) Revenue from coal coal revenues: thailand versus vietnam of GDP (2018 est.) coal revenues: 0.35% of GDP (2018 est.) Waste and recycling municipal solid waste generated annually: 26,853,366 tons (2015 est.) municipal solid waste recycled annually: 5,128,993 tons (2012 est.) percent of municipal solid waste recycled: 19.1% (2012 est.) municipal solid waste generated annually: 9,570,300 tons (2011 est.) municipal solid waste recycled annually: 2,201,169 tons (2014 est.) percent of municipal solid waste recycled: 23% (2014 est.) Source: CIA Factbook
Republic of Vietnam Objective To support South Vietnam against Communist attacks Date 1967 – 1972 Casualties 351 killed 1,358 injured The Kingdom of Thailand, under the administration of military dictator Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn, took an active role in the Vietnam War.
Thailand was the thailand versus vietnam provider of ground forces to South Vietnam, following the Americans and Thailand versus vietnam Koreans.  Due to its proximity to Thailand, Vietnam's conflicts were closely monitored by Bangkok.
Thai involvement did not become official until the total involvement of the United States in support of South Vietnam in 1963. The Thai government then allowed the United States Air Force in Thailand to use its air and naval bases. At the height of the war, almost 50,000 American military personnel were stationed in Thailand, mainly airmen.
 Contents • 1 Deployment of forces to South Vietnam • 2 US use of Thai air bases • 3 Order of battle • 4 Operations involving Thailand • 5 See also • 6 References • 7 Further reading Deployment of forces to South Vietnam [ edit ] On 29 September 1964 a 16-man Royal Thai Air Force (RTAF) contingent arrived in Vietnam to assist in flying and maintaining some of the cargo aircraft operated by the Republic of Vietnam Air Force (RVNAF).
On 22 July 1966 a 21-man RTAF contingent qualified on the C-123 became operational and were attached to the United States Air Force (USAF) 315th Air Commando Wing, while 5 men remained with the RVNAF where they were assigned to fly C-47 aircraft.  : 26 In October 1967 the Royal Thai Volunteer Regiment ( Queen's Cobras) was sent to Camp Bearcat at Bien Hoa, to fight alongside the Americans, Australians, New Zealanders and South Vietnamese.
In 1968 the Cobras were replaced by the Royal Thai Army Expeditionary Division ( Black Panthers).  : 27–34 About 40,000 Thai military would serve in South Vietnam, with 351 killed in action and 1,358 wounded.    Thai morale was generally high, with Thai troops taking pride in their roles as "defenders of Thailand from communism" and as Buddhists.
Thai forces were generally respected by their American allies and inflicted on their PAVN opponents several times the thailand versus vietnam they took; Thai media would often report on the war in terms of thailand versus vietnam killed, similar to American thailand versus vietnam. One state newspaper during the war had the headline "In 150 Fights, 100 [Thais] Are Dead, 1,000 Viet Cong Are Killed." The RTAF contingent achieved its greatest strength in late 1970.
The total number of Thais serving with the Victory Flight, as their Vietnam transport operation was designated, had grown from to 45. 3 pilots and 5 flight engineers flew RVNAF C-47s with the 415th Squadron; 9 pilots, 7 flight engineers and 3 load masters were flying C-123Ks with the USAF 19th Tactical Airlift Squadron both located at Tan Son Nhut Air Base.
The remaining members of the flight had jobs on the thailand versus vietnam in intelligence, communications, flight engineering, loading and operations.  : 49 In December 1969 the effects of the withdrawal of the Philippine Civic Action Group, Vietnam, and antiwar sentiment in the US were felt in Thailand as elsewhere.
The United States had welcomed the decision of the Thai government to contribute troops to South Vietnam and was willing to compensate it by logistical support and payment of certain allowances to Thai forces for duty out of the country. These facts led to charges and countercharges regarding the expenditures of funds supporting the Thai division.
On 19 December the Bangkok press reported that some twenty government party members of the Thai parliament had signed a letter to the prime minister urging the withdrawal of Thai troops from South Vietnam. The reasons given were that the situation in South Vietnam had improved as a result of the Vietnamization program and other aid as evidenced by U.S. cutbacks, and that difficult domestic economic and security problems existed in Thailand.
No reference was made to the "mercenary" and "subsidy" charges of the previous few days. On 21 December Thai Foreign Minister Thanat Khoman told newsmen that he had considered the withdrawal of Thai troops "because the United States recently issued another announcement regarding further withdrawals." He also stated that the subject had been discussed with South Vietnamese Foreign Minister Tran Chan Thanh, and had been under consideration for thailand versus vietnam time.
Two days later there was an apparent reversal of policy. After a cabinet meeting aimed at developing a unified position, the deputy prime minister announced: "Thailand will not pull any of her fighting men out of South Vietnam. Thailand has never contemplated such a move. The operation of Thai troops in South Vietnam is considered more advantageous than withdrawing them.
If we plan to withdraw, we would have to consult with GVN since we sent troops there in response to an appeal from them. It is true that several countries are withdrawing troops from South Vietnam but our case is different."  : 48–9 The subject of a Thai troop withdrawal came up again in March 1970.
In a meeting with the U.S. Ambassador, the Thai Prime Minister indicated that in light of continued U.S. and allied reductions, there was considerable pressure from the Thai parliament to withdraw. He stated that "When the people thailand versus vietnam very strongly about a situation, the government must do something to ease the situation." Little occurred until the following November when the Thai government announced it was planning to withdraw its forces from South Vietnam by 1972.
The decision was related to the deterioration of security in Laos and Cambodia and the growth of internal insurgency in Thailand, as well as the U.S. pullback.  : 49 The withdrawal plans were based on a rotational phase-out.
The fifth increment would not be replaced after its return to Thailand in August 1971. The sixth increment would deploy as planned in January 1971 and withdraw one year later to complete the redeployment. Thai Navy and Air Force units would withdraw sometime before January 1972. The composition of the remaining residual force would be taken up in Thai-South Vietnamese discussions held later.
A token Thai force of a non-combatant nature was under consideration. The withdrawal plans were confirmed and even elaborated upon through a Royal Thai government announcement to the United States and South Vietnam on 26 March 1971. The Thais proposed that half of the Black Panther Division be withdrawn in July 1971, and the remaining half in February 1972; this plan was in line with their earlier proposals.
The three LST's Landing Ship, Tank (LSTs) of the Sea Horse unit would be withdrawn in April 1972 and Victory Flight would be pulled out by increments during the period April-December 1971. After July 1971 the Headquarters, Royal Thai Forces, Vietnam, would be reduced to 204 men. It would remain at that strength until its withdrawal in April 1972, after which only a token force would remain.  : 49–51 US use of Thai air bases [ edit ] Main article: United States Air Force in Thailand The official American military presence in Thailand started in April 1961 when an advance party of the USAF 6010th Tactical (TAC) Group arrived at Don Muang Royal Thai Air Force Base at the request of the Thai government to establish an aircraft warning system at Don Muang.
The USAF presence grew rapidly with the expansion of the Laotian Civil War and the Vietnam War.  The USAF would eventually use 8 airbases in Thailand: Don Muang, Korat, Nakhon Phanom, Nam Phong, Takhli, Ubon, Udorn and U-Tapao.
Over the course of the war, the United States poured $1.1 billion in economic and military aid into Thailand, while USAID poured in another $590 million, both aiding Thailand's economy and indirectly paying for the cost of Thailand's participation and then some. At the height of the war, some 50,000 American military personnel (mostly Air Force) were stationed throughout Thailand. Thai entrepreneurs built scores of new hotels, restaurants and bars to serve the waves of free-spending American G.I.s, causing foreign funding to flow into the country.
At the war's end, Thailand kept all military equipment and infrastructure left by the Americans, aiding in the country's modernization.  On 14 October 1973 following the 1973 Thai popular uprising, former Supreme Court Judge Sanya Dharmasakti, then chancellor and dean of the faculty of law at Thammasat University, was appointed prime minister by royal decree, replacing the succession of staunchly pro-American and anti-Communist military dictatorships that had ruled Thailand previously.
With the fall of both Cambodia and South Vietnam in April 1975, the political climate between Washington and the government of PM Sanya had soured.
Immediately after the news broke of the use of Thai bases to support the Mayaguez rescue, the Thai Government lodged a formal protest with the US and riots broke out outside the US Embassy in Bangkok.  The Thai government wanted the US out of Thailand by the end of the year. The USAF implemented Palace Lightning, thailand versus vietnam plan to withdraw its aircraft and personnel from Thailand. The SAC units left in December 1975;  and the 3rd Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Group left on 31 January 1976,  thailand versus vietnam the base remained under US control until it was formally returned to the Thai government on 13 June 1976.
 Order of battle [ edit ] • 1st Infantry Division (Wongthewan) • 2nd Infantry Division (Eastern warriors) • 9th Infantry Division (Black Panthers Division) • Royal Thai Army Expeditionary Division (Black Panthers) • Royal Thai Volunteer Regiment (Queen's Cobras) Operations involving Thailand [ edit ] • Tet Offensive • Battle of Hat Dich • Operation Toan Thang I • Operation Toan Thang II • Operation Toan Thang III • Battle of Lima Site 85 • Operation Counterpunch • Operation Phalat • Operation Sayasila • Operation Sourisak Montry VIII • Operation Strength • Campaign Toan Thang • Battle of Vientiane • Campaign Z See also [ edit ] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thailand in the Vietnam War.
• Military Assistance Command, Vietnam • Republic of China in the Vietnam War • South Korea in the Vietnam War • Thailand in the Korean War References [ edit ] • ^ Albert Lau (2012). Southeast Asia and the Cold War. Routledge. p. 190. ISBN 978-0-415-68450-7. • ^ a b c Ruth, Richard A (7 November 2017). "Why Thailand Takes Pride in the Vietnam War" (Editorial).
New York Times. Retrieved 8 November 2017. • ^ a b c d e f Larsen, Stanley (1975). Vietnam Studies Allied Participation in Vietnam (PDF). Department of the Army.
ISBN 978-1517627249. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. • ^ Trauschweizer, Ingo (December 2011). "Forgotten Soldiers in Vietnam" (Book review).
H-Net Online. Retrieved 8 November 2017. • ^ "Thailand Involvement in Vietnam War". The Vietnam War. 29 March 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2017. • ^ Futrell, Robert (1981). The United States Air Force in Southeast Asia: The Advisory Years to 1965 (PDF).
Office of Air Force History. p. 279. ISBN 9789998843523. • ^ Wetterhahn, Ralph (2002). The Last Battle: The Mayaguez Incident and the end of the Vietnam War. Plume.
p. 256. ISBN 0452283337. • ^ "Many Thais saddened by U.S. military withdrawals". Nashua Telegraph. UPI. 3 December 1975. p. 42. • ^ Tilford, Earl (1980). Search and Rescue in Southeast Asia 1961–1975 (PDF). Office of Air Force History. p. 152. ISBN 9781410222640. • ^ Dawson, Alan (21 June 1976). "U.S.
out of Thailand". Beaver County Times. Beaver, Pennsylvania. UPI. p. A3. Further reading [ edit ] • Richard Alfred Ruth (2011). In Buddha's Company: Thai Soldiers in the Vietnam War. University of Hawaiʻi Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-3489-0. Edit links • This page was last edited on 14 February 2022, at 08:01 (UTC). • Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0 ; additional terms may apply.
Best Travel Experiences in Thailand & Vietnam 2. Transportation 3. Thai Food vs Vietnamese Cuisine 4. Drinking in Thailand & Vietnam 5. Accommodation 6. Dangers & Annoyances 7. Solo Travel 8. Thailand or Vietnam – Which is Best for You? Thailand or Vietnam? What a tough choice to make! Both countries offer incredible cuisines, friendly cultures, and spectacular thailand versus vietnam.
If you have all the time in the world, then you should obviously visit both (and throw in Laos and Cambodia, too). But if real life is getting in the way of a perpetual holiday, then it’s best to choose either Thailand or Vietnam and save the other for your next adventure. So read on to decide between Thailand and Vietnam. More SE Asia Inspiration Check out our guides to choose between Vietnam & Cambodia or to choose between Thailand & Cambodia.
1. Best Travel Experiences in Vietnam and Thailand Must-See Highlights in Thailand & Vietnam Vietnam’s number one destination is Ha Long Bay, a natural wonder where dramatic karst formations sink into the sea like dragons going for a dip. In Thailand, you have the spectacular beaches of the south, where dramatic karst formations sink into the sea like… well, you get the idea.
If you’re a nature buff who likes the water, both Vietnam and Thailand have plenty on offer. Thailand is more focussed on white sand beaches, whereas in Vietnam, you’ll find lots of opportunities to get out on boats, big and small.
Need help planning? We’ve got your plan covered with our Vietnam 2-week Itineraries and our Thailand 2-week Intineraries. City Experiences My favourite city in Vietnam is Hanoi, where wandering the Old Quarter is a mind-blowing experience – expect major culture shock if you haven’t spent much time in Asia.
If you’re after something slightly more modern, head to Ho Chi Minh City, a city of contrasts, where the ultra-rich thailand versus vietnam in million-dollar condos overlooking shacks which house the ultra-poor. In Thailand, you have Bangkok, one of the most mind-boggling cities on the planet.
For big-city drama and entertainment, Bangkok will blow you away. If the idea of that much traffic and all those people is a little terrifying, you can always go to Chiang Mai, is a popular digital nomad destination in the north. More Bangkok fun! Don’t miss my comprehensive guide to visiting Bangkok for 2 amazing days in the city. Beaches While Vietnam has lots of spectacular beaches, especially in the southwest, there’s no way they can compare to the world-renowned beaches of southern Thailand.
If all you want to do is lie on a sun lounger and stare out at perfect cerulean sea, then Thailand is your hands-down winner.
Wilderness and Trekking Sapa is a popular destination in Vietnam for the outdoorsy traveller. You can do some exciting trekking in Northern Thailand, but if you want to spend a lot of time in wild nature, Vietnam is the place to go. Vietnam’s landscape is so varied, from the mountainous north to the jungley Mekong Delta in the south, that you’ll never get tired of the views.
Wildlife Vietnam doesn’t have a whole lot on offer when it comes to don’t-miss wildlife experiences. In Thailand, you can get close to nature, but the country has a terrible record when it comes to animal cruelty. Elephant Nature Park in Chiang Mai is one of the few places in Thailand helping elephants. If you’re going to visit a wildlife attraction in either country, please choose carefully to thailand versus vietnam your money doesn’t contribute to animal cruelty.
Please never ride an elephant or visit a tiger temple! These attractions are inherently cruel to animals and many are responsible for poaching of wildlife from neighbouring countries. City Tours and Bike Tours Both Thailand and Vietnam offer amazing experiences when it comes to tours, long or short. In Thailand, hop on a bicycle to: • Explore Bangkok by night • Experience the Chiang Mai countryside, or • Take a 5-day family adventure along the south coast In Vietnam, you can: • Cycle the Mekong Delta • Discover Hoi An by bike and kayak • Take an amazing 11-day bike and boat adventure If you want to thailand versus vietnam Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam all together, you can even cycle all the way from Bangkok to Saigon!
2. Transportation Busses in Vietnam A well organized bus network links every conceivable spot most visitors want to go in Vietnam.
Long-distance busses in Thailand versus vietnam are affordable, generally on time, and somewhat comfortable.
Journeys longer than a few hours are usually in a sleeper-style bus, where you can (almost) stretch out on a bunk and might even get some sleep. Nightmare tales of dangerous drivers and filthy busses are mostly a thing of the past — now busses are, if not luxurious, a reliable way get around Vietnam. Trains in Vietnam There is a single train line in Vietnam that starts in the far north and winds its way down along the east coast, turning inland to end up in Ho Chi Minh city.
The train is no faster than the bus, is more expensive, and less convenient, since train stations are usually not in the centre of town. The train can be useful for making the overnight journey from Hanoi to Sapa or for a quick ride from Ho Chi Minh City to Mui Ne.
Easy rider motorbike in Vietnam One of my favourite Vietnam experiences was my trip from Hue to Hoi An by motorbike. I have never driven a motorbike in my life but in Vietnam, you can hire a bike and driver.
Taking an “easy rider” motorbike is a great way to get around Vietnam (no, I didn’t drive it!). You sit on the back watching the world go by while they do all the work.
This kind of transportation is ideal for maximum 5 or 6 hours — after that your butt (and possibly the rest of you) will fall asleep! Flying in Vietnam We never recommend flying around inside a country; flying is expensive, bad for the environment, and makes you miss hundreds of travel experiences.
If you have limited time in Vietnam, don’t plan to see the whole country. Just focus your adventures in the north or the south for maximum enjoyment! (Don’t miss: Our Vietnam itineraries are the perfect tool to help you start planning) → However, if you must fly in Vietnam, there are lots of cheap flights available. But be warned, the low cost airlines in Vietnam (JetStar and VietJet) have a reputation of being late all the time!
We once go to the airport in Nha Trang only to discover that our flight was delayed by 8 hours. Yikes! We quickly re-booked onto Vietnam Airlines and took the financial loss as an expensive lesson.
See Vietnam Transport Options → Transportation in Thailand Transportation is also very easy in Thailand, though there are some less-traveled routes that you might have to do by taxi or private minibus. Busses in Thailand Like Vietnam, Thailand has a well developed bus network that will take you almost anywhere you want to go.
However, according to this article on World Nomads, Thai roads are some thailand versus vietnam the most dangerous in the world, so make sure you book with a reliable bus company. VIP busses are the way to go if you’re travelling Thailand on a budget.
To stay safe, opt for a VIP bus, where you’ll pay a little more, but you’ll get a lot in return. VIP thailand versus vietnam have air-conditioning, safety standards, comfortable seats, and even WiFi (though thailand versus vietnam I ever get WiFi to work properly on a bus I will be amazed!).
If you’re on a tight budget, the bus is a great way to get around in Thailand – as long as you can handle the frenzy of speeding traffic on Thai motorways! Trains in Thailand If the idea of Thai traffic freaks you out, or if you want to travel thailand versus vietnam a little more comfort, take the train in Thailand.
Though there are relatively few train lines, the network is developed enough to deliver you to the most popular destinations, as long as you’re planning on going through Bangkok. From Bangkok, you can take the train to Chiang Mai in the north, or to Thailand versus vietnam Khiaw for transfers to Laos, and Aranyaprathet to head to Cambodia.
Heading south from Bangkok, the train goes past the famous destination islands of Ko Phangan and Ko Samui, right to the Malaysian border town of Hat Yai. Sleeper car ready for the night, on the rails to Hat Yai. Actually, you can keep going right through Malaysia and all the way to Singapore by train. Though not as thailand versus vietnam as busses, trains in Thailand are a better bet for overnight rides, as you can get a relatively inexpensive (and usually pretty modern & comfy) sleeper bunk.
(Related: Here’s everything you need to know about train travel in Thailand) → Flying in Thailand If you want to visit the north and the south of Thailand, and you can’t stand the thought of an overnight train ride, flying between the two is your best option. Of course, we never recommend flying because it’s terrible for the environment and you miss out on so much! But if you must fly, Air Asia is usually the most reliable and budget-friendly option to get between Thai airports.
See Thailand Transport Options → Vietnam vs Thailand – Transportation It’s a little cheaper to get around Vietnam than Thailand but the price difference isn’t thailand versus vietnam enough to make a huge difference. Believe it or not, in Vietnam, busses are safer — if less comfortable — than in Thailand, mostly because there are fewer huge trucks being driven at ridiculous speeds in Vietnam.
If you love to take the train, then opt for Thailand, since their rail network is far more modern, extensive, and reliable than Vietnam’s. 3. Food in Vietnam and Thailand What You’ll Eat in Vietnam For omnivores, Vietnamese food is cheap, plentiful, and delicious (or so I’ve been told). There are huge bowls of Pho made with hearty beef broth on nearly every corner, lots of fresh seafood, banh mi sandwiches and lots of other adventurous foods to try.
For vegans and vegetarians, Vietnam is a little more difficult. Luckily, you can use my veggie guides to Hanoi, Hue, and Hoi An to find all the most drool-inducing animal-friendly food!
What you’ll eat in Thailand In Thailand, the type of food available depends very much on where you go. Chiang Mai has a huge expat population, which means you can get pretty much any type of food you want, including lots of healthy, vegan, and vegetarian options.
In the touristy areas of southern Thailand, you’ll find Thai favourites like green curry, papaya salad and pad thai, adapted for a Western palate. Try to experience at least one authentic Thai night market. To do this, you’ll have to leave the most touristy areas and visit a smaller town. Thai night markets are an omnivore foodie’s delight, with tons of strange and wonderful foods to try. The Thai night markets will open you up to a whole new world of food. Vegans and vegetarians will find market eating in Thailand a challenge, since it’s rare to find veggie options and almost everything contains thailand versus vietnam sauce.
Hunt until thailand versus vietnam find a Pad Thai stall (not as easy as it sounds) and then request they make it with no egg. It won’t necessarily be free of fish sauce but it’ll be a delicious alternative to going hungry!
Vietnam or Thailand – Food As vegans, we prefer the food in Vietnam, thailand versus vietnam it is easier to find fully meat-free restaurants. Vietnamese cuisine is also lighter and fresher than Thai food. Finally, if you aren’t great with spicy foods, you’ll find it a lot easier to feed yourself in Vietnam.
However, if you are an omnivore who loves fiery food, then you won’t be able to get enough of Thai night markets, where spicy curries and mysterious meaty dishes are available for a few dollars. Of course, in Ho Chi Minh City and Bangkok, you can get whatever food your heart desires. For fine dining aficionados, Bangkok offers some of the best food in the world. Want to eat vegan? Don’t miss our guides to surviving as a vegan in Thailand or going vegan in Vietnam.
4. Drinking in Vietnam and Thailand Happy hour cocktails In both Vietnam and Thailand, you’ll find happy hour deals anywhere that tourists congregate. In Vietnam, you’re more likely to get a poorly mixed cocktail with the cheapest alcohol available. But the price is right!
In Thailand, you’ll get better quality drinks — and you can sip them on a beach lounger thailand versus vietnam at your swim-up bar. However, they’ll probably cost double or triple what you would pay in Vietnam. Beer and craft beer Because of laws in Thailand prohibiting people from brewing and selling their own beer, the craft beer scene in Thailand lags behind much of the world.
There are a few brewpubs popping up in Bangkok which sell imported beers from around the world. There’s also a healthy underground home-brew scene for beer nerds to explore.
In Vietnam, the craft beer scene has taken off like a rocket. In contrast, Vietnam has a long history of home brewing and it’s practically a tourist rite of passage to sit in a sidewalk cafe drinking watery bia hoi, which costs about 50 cents a cup.
In the past few years, the craft beer scene in Vietnam has blossomed and grown so fast it’s impossible to keep up. There are now plenty of great Vietnam-brewed beers to keep the beer geeks (like Stephen) interested! Love beer? Check out our guide to craft beer in Ho Chi Minh City.
Thailand vs Vietnam — Drinking If you’re into cheap and cheerful cocktails or expertly brewed craft beers, then Vietnam wins this category. However, if you like your cocktails carefully poured while lounging by the pool, opt for Thailand. 5. Accommodation in Thailand and Thailand versus vietnam Both Vietnam and Thailand offer plenty of accommodation options for all budgets, from $4/night hostel beds to villas with private pools for thousands.
The standard of accommodation in both countries tends to be high, too, meaning travellers are spoilt for choice. Budget accommodation in Vietnam and Thailand In cities like Chiang Mai and Hanoi, the budget accommodation market is overrun with highly rated hostels offering beds for less than $5 per night.
For twice that price, you can get a clean comfortable double room in a guest house thailand versus vietnam home stay. Budget travellers will find lots to love in both Thailand and Vietnam when it comes to cheap accommodation. Homestays in Vietnam are cheap, clean, and cheerful.
Boutique and luxury accommodation in Vietnam and Thailand Boutique and luxury accommodation are quite similar in Vietnam and Thailand as well. A nice little boutique hotel will run you around $50 per night if you book early, while in luxury digs, the sky is the limit! If you’re hitting the cities or popular tourist areas, you might find accommodation in Vietnam is a little cheaper than Thailand.
Vietnam vs Thailand – Accommodation This one is really a toss up, since accommodation is cheap and plentiful in both countries! Find Your Perfect Accommodation → 6.
Dangers and Annoyances Bag snatchers and thieves Thailand and Vietnam are both very safe places to travel, and you will encounter far fewer dangers than are common in the west. As with most major cities in Asia, bag-snatching and phone snatching can happen in Bangkok and Ho Chi Minh City – and elsewhere if you are not careful. Credit card and passport theft can also be a problem in Thailand, so keep an eye on your valuables!
You’ve gotta beware of snatch thieves in certain places in Thailand! Scams and sex Vietnam has really cleaned up its act in the thailand versus vietnam decade, leaving most of the worst scams and rip-offs in the past. Now, pricing tends to be fair and honest — though you’ll still pay way more in the markets than locals do!
Road safety is better too, and there are very few scams to watch out for. The main scam in Vietnam involves copycat businesses. People who are opening new restaurants or hotels will often give them a similar name to an already popular establishment to piggyback on their success. You’ll see this all over Vietnam, but unless you’re really not paying attention, it’s pretty hard to be fooled! The biggest scams in Thailand involve the booming sex tourism industry (yuck!).
I probably don’t have to tell you this, but don’t get involved in any porn or sex industry offerings in Thailand (or anywhere) and you’ll avoid a whole world of trouble. Drugs are out too In Thailand, you should stay as far away from drugs thailand versus vietnam you can. Yes, even at a full-moon party where everyone else is getting off their heads. Drug penalties in Thailand are harsh and police tend to be very enthusiastic when it comes to applying those laws to foreigners.
Plus, even if you don’t get caught, drugs in Thailand can be cut with poisonous substances. Dying from dodgy drugs in Thailand is so not a good way to go! Tuk tuk tales Tuk tuk drivers in Thailand can be pretty annoying, especially in Bangkok. Often, they ask ridiculous rates before you even get in, and when you refuse, they won’t even bother to bargain. If you forget to agree the price before you get in, be prepared to pay outrageous amounts when you arrive at your destination.
It’s much easier to get the Grab App (Asia’s answer to Uber) and order a Grab car or bike when you need to go somewhere in Bangkok. Vietnam doesn’t do tuk tuks but you can hire a motorbike driver (called a xe om) on almost any street corner.
Again, it’s easier and cheaper to get Grab and order your bike to pick you up. Thailand or Vietnam – Dangers & Annoyances Being busier and more modern, with a more developed party culture, Thailand is also a little more dangerous than Vietnam, which still has a “village” feel to it in many parts. Though there are very few dangers in either country, Vietnam is a little less intimidating for first-timers and women alone.
7. Solo Travel in Vietnam and Thailand Vietnam solo travel Solo travel in Vietnam is fun, safe, and inexpensive. Most travel is done by thailand versus vietnam, so the ticket price stays the same whether you’re thailand versus vietnam yourself or in a group. There are plenty of clean, cheap hostels almost anywhere you would want to go. And if you like your privacy, you can get a nice spotless private hotel room for around $12.
It’s pretty easy to meet other travellers, since there are lots of shared activities, like exploring caves or riding the night bus! I have also had great conversations with local women when I’ve ended up being the only one on a tour. First time going solo? Stop by my guide to solo travel in Vietnam to start your trip off right. Thailand solo travel The only time I’ve travelled solo in Thailand was when I was being treated for, and subsequently recovering from, malaria.
My only Thai travel experiences have been with Stephen. Me with the Thai hospital staff who saved my life when I got thailand versus vietnam. (By the way, I got malaria in Laos, so this doesn’t count as a Thai danger – though you can get malaria there and in Vietnam, too.) From talking to other travellers, it sounds like travelling alone in Thailand is just as safe and easy as in Vietnam. The laid-back backpacker scene is more developed in Thailand (at least in the beach areas of southern Thailand), so if that’s your vibe, it will be easy to find other solo travellers to hang out with.
(Related: Adventurous Kate recommends Thailand as the best country for your first solo trip to Thailand versus vietnam → Vietnam or Thailand – Solo Travel Solo travellers will have no problems in either Vietnam or Thailand. Both countries are extremely safe and welcoming, as long as you keep your wits about you.
8. Thailand or Vietnam – Which is Best for Your Adventure? For me, Vietnam will always win this battle. Thailand is a little too Western and a little too easy to excite my adventurous soul. Plus, I have spent so much time in Vietnam, I feel really comfortable with the people and the culture there. Choose Vietnam if you’re an independent traveller who wants a deep cultural experience combined with lots of time outside in nature.
Choose Thailand if you want a laid-back holiday, where you can just relax on the beach. Thailand versus vietnam is also best for spiritual attractions, from ancient temples to yoga retreats. More Thailand & Vietnam Travel Tips • Vietnam Travel Advice – All Our Best Tips • Vietnam Itineraries for All Travel Styles • Transformational Things to Do in Vietnam • Thailand Travel Advice – All Our Best Tips • Thailand Itineraries for All Travel Styles You made it to the end of the post, so have you made your decision?
Are you going to go to Vietnam or Thailand? Or will you make the time to visit both? If you have any questions shout via email or Instagram. ♥ Happy mindful adventures, Jane & Stephen It’s easy to help us keep this blog going! Some of the links in this post are our personal affiliate links. If you book or buy something using one of the links in this post, we’ll earn a small fee at no extra thailand versus vietnam to you.
Of course, we would never recommend anything we didn’t 100% believe in! Huge thanks in advance! –S&J Pin for travel planning! Get 101 Travel Tips Get our free ebook, 101 Travel Tips for Mindful Adventurers. It’s packed with our best tips for saving money, planning for travel, booking flights and accommodation, traveling sustainably, and staying on the road for longer!
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Choosing between traveling to Thailand or Vietnam is not an easy decision to make. Both countries are saugh-after Southeast Asia destinations, boasting not only immense natural beauty but also a showcase of scenic historical sites, ancient temples, outdoor markets, and more.
And, while Thailand is still the most visited destination in Southeast Asia, Vietnam has experienced a boom in both inbound and domestic tourism over the past years, welcoming nearly 9.8 million international tourists in the first 7 months of 2010, according to the monthly report from the General Statistics Office of Vietnam (GSO).
This represents an increase of 7.9% over the same period the previous year. Vietnam has also been through massive hotel construction, and places like Halong Bay are becoming huge resort destinations. To help you make the best decision and embark on a memorable trip to Southeast Asia, we’re breaking down the main differences between Thailand vs.
Vietnam. Have a look! Note: Make sure to double-check COVID 19 precautions, protocols, and operating hours before you visit any of these sites. Nightlife Vietnam vs Thailand Nightlife In Thailand When it comes to nightlife, thailand versus vietnam destinations can top Thailand.
Festive, cultured, vibrant, and dynamic, this destination hosts a plethora of parties, which take place all across the country, from Bangkok to Phuket. One of the best party seasons in Thailand is from November to March, which is when the sand turns into a dance floor, and beaches get glistering with neon lights, fire spectacles, and music.
Thailand also has a variety of popular foam parties, especially in Pattaya, cultural shows, pool parties, pub crawls, and amazing rooftops. Not to mention the iconic Full Moon Party which happens every month at the Haad Rin beach on Koh Phangan island. Nightlife In Vietnam Even though Thailand’s parties are hard to beat, Vietnam’s nightlife has been changing over the years and becoming more abundant. Big cities like Ho Chi Minh Thailand versus vietnam and Hanoi are now full of lively pubs, clubs, and bars, which are relatively affordable.
In Vietnam, there’s also a variety of waterfront bars and clubs in beach destinations such as Mui Ne, and Nha Trang. People Vietnam vs Thailand People In Thailand Also known as the “Land Of Smiles”, Thailand lives up to its nickname.
In fact, there are over 10 types of smiles that a Thai person may use, and each one has a specific meaning, such as “I admire you” or “I’m proud of you”. Thailand is home to friendly people, who make an effort to communicate and tend to be very helpful and receptive towards tourists. People In Vietnam Vietnam is also home to friendly and warm people, but many travelers complain that they felt taken advantage of by locals when visiting this destination, and didn’t feel welcomed.
Other travelers said that they had thailand versus vietnam wonderful experience with locals, especially outside of the tourist areas.
While experiences may vary from traveler to traveler, it’s always polite to take your common sense with you and try to adapt to the local culture. Also, try to be as open-minded as you can when interacting with locals during your trips not only to Vietnam but thailand versus vietnam. You might be positively surprised! Nature Vietnam vs Thailand Nature In Vietnam Now, one of the most frequent questions of all: “Which place is more beautiful, Thailand or Vietnam?” The answer is both.
And equally. In fact, it’s impossible to choose, as both Thailand and Vietnam are adorned with lush verdant hills, white-sandy beaches with transparent water, sweeping views of ancient temples, and more. So, when it comes to the “Thailand vs Vietnam Nature Battle”, both countries win. Filled with awe-inspiring natural landscapes, Vietnam is different from everything you’ve seen before.
Ha Long Bay, for instance, is one of the finest samples of how gorgeous Vietnamese nature is. Located in the northeast region of Vietnam, in thailand versus vietnam Gulf of Tonkin, this UNESCO World Heritage Site encompasses around 1,600 islands and islets, forming a seascape of limestone pillars. Once fully covered in lush forests, Vietnam is also home to six bio reserves, and it ranks 16th in the world thailand versus vietnam to biological diversity, as it’s home to approximately 16% of the world’s species.
But Vietnam has more than just crystalline water beaches. From North to South, the country is adorned with different landscapes, such as mountain hills covered with rice paddies, picturesque sand dunes, gigantic natural caves with limestone grottoes, and densely forested highlands.
Vietnam, by the way, is home to the world’s largest cave, the Son Doong, located at Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park, and featuring huge stalagmites that reach over 70m. Nature In Thailand Equally breathtaking is the natural landscape of Thailand.
Approximately 25% of the country’s land area is covered in a blanket of natural forests, and Thailand is also stripped in bamboo fields and tall coconut palms. This paradisiac SE Asia destination is also home to 100 national parks, which play host to a vast ecosystem of plants and animals.
One of the best-known national parks in Thailand is Khao Yai National Park, which is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Located just 200km from Bangkok, the park covers more than 2,000 square kilometers of forest and grassland and spreads across 4 provinces: Saraburi (west), Nakhon Nayok (east), Nakhon Ratchasima (north), and Prachinburi (east).
Third-largest national park in Thailand, Khao Yai harbors around 445 bird species, more than 50 km of hiking and biking trails, and several waterfalls. And while Koh Samui and Koh Phi Phi might be on top of your bucket list, Thailand has 1430 stunning islands, including ones that are lesser-known, such as Koh Lipe, Koh Muk, and Koh Lanta. Culture And Historical Sights Thailand Vs Vietnam Culture In Vietnam In Vietnam, scenic natural features coexist side by side with ancient monuments, which immortalize centuries of history.
Therefore, its attractions are endless. Home to diverse traditions, complex ethnolinguistic patterns, and a myriad of ethnic groups, Vietnam is heaven for those who are eager to experience a brand new culture. The country is said to be inhabited since the Paleolithic age, and Homo erectus fossils dating back to 500,000 BC have been found in caves in Lạng Sơn and Nghệ.
Vietnam is filled with places of cultural and historical importance, and if you’re seeking a truly immersive experience, we highly recommend that you uncover some of those sights.
During your errands in Vietnam, prepare yourself to come across ancient pagodas dating back to the Emperor Ly Nam De Dynasty (544 – 548), Hindu-themed ruins featuring thailand versus vietnam stone sculptures, 19th-century citadels, and temples housing hundreds of intricately carved statues of Buddha. History buffs will certainly fall in love with Vietnam and feel compelled to learn everything they can about the most prominent moments of the country’s past: the Chinese occupation, the local dynasties, the French colonization, the Japanese invasion, and the Vietnam War, among others.
Aside from gorgeous temples and pagodas, Thailand versus vietnam harbors eight UNESCO World Heritage Sites, which are landmarks or areas with legal protection. One of the most fascinating of them is the Hoi An Ancient Town, a former trading port between the 15th and 19th centuries filled with thailand versus vietnam French colonial-style buildings.
Another must-go cultural attraction in Vietnam is the Complex of Hue Monuments, which was the capital of the country in 1802, and home to the Imperial Residence, the Imperial City, and the Forbidden Purple City.
Culture In Thailand Thailand is not behind Vietnam in terms of culture. Aside from the paradisiac beaches, the historical sites are the most sought-after tourist attractions in the country. In Thailand, spirituality meets history, and the locals have been practicing Theravada Buddhism since at least 100 AD. Buddhism, by the way, is the most common religion in the country, and approximately 95% of the people follow this religion.
One of the most exciting ways of learning about Thai beliefs, culture, and history, is by visiting the local temples, which are spread all across the country. There are 40,000 temples in Thailand, which thailand versus vietnam back to thousands of years ago. One of the oldest is the Wat Phra Phutthabat, built-in 1624 by King Songtham of Ayutthaya.
A highly revered temple, Wat Phra is also known as the “temple of the Buddha’s footprint”, as it’s believed that Buddha Gautama once left his footprint thailand versus vietnam this site. Other stunning Buddhist temples in Thailand include Wat Pho, the ‘Temple of the reclining Buddha’, which houses a giant reclining Buddha that is 46 meters long, covered in gold leaf; the bizarre-looking White Temple, Chiang Rai, filled with a profusion of symbols; and Wat Phra Kaew that features a 6-inch high Buddh made of jasper or jade.
Another amazing way of experience Thailand’s culture is by going to one — or more — of the country’s festivals. This destination boasts a showcase of lively celebrations and festivities, you just have to pick your favorite and plan your trip accordingly.
For some family-friendly fun, go to the Chiang Mai Flower Festival, which happens annually in the first week of February, when Chiang Mai and its surrounding areas are brimming with indigenous flowers.
Another magical festivity in Chiang Mai is the Yi Peng Festival, in November, which is when floating lanterns, also known as Khom loy, are released across the city as a way to pay respect to Buddha. Local Cuisine Vietnam Vs Thailand Food In Thailand Praised in the five corners of the world, Thai cuisine is capable of capturing your senses thanks to its delectable profusion of flavors, textures, and aromas.
One of the most prominent features of Thai food it’s the presence of aromatic fresh spices, such as cilantro, lemongrass, shallots, and chilies. Many dishes present spicy, sweet, sour, and salty flavors, which create more depth. Just like many other world cuisines, Thai is influenced by geography, and it changes according to the region of the country.
Up in the North, you’ll find a variety of noodle dishes, including the famous Khao Soi. Widely served in Myanmar, and Laos, which are both Thailand’s neighboring countries, this noodle soup is made with deep-fried egg noodles and, shredded chicken, and a coconut-milk-curry-based broth. Also known as “Lanna Cuisine”, Northern Thai food also has other mouthwatering staple dishes, including Sai Oua, a spicy pork sausage seasoned with lemongrass, kaffir lime leaves, chilies, and galangal.
In the Northeast portion of Thailand, you’ll taste a slew of boiled dishes and, if you head to the center you’ll come across a variety of street markets that sell signature dishes from all over the country. In this area, there are also condiment-heavy dishes, which can be prepared with dry spices. One of the most famous dishes in this area is the iconic Pad Thai, and central Thailand also has the widest variety of curries in the country.
Now, if you move to the South of Thailand, you’ll be surprised at the number of dishes that are made with seafood and coconut cream. Thailand versus vietnam here tend to be thicker, and fish sauce is used in a number of dishes.
Food In Vietnam When talking about Vietnamese culture, we can’t forget to mention the fascinating — and delicious — local cuisine, which displays a variety of specific flavors depending on the region. Up in the north, have taken some Chinese influences, so you’ll find a lot of stir-frys and noodle dishes. Heavy in seafood and fishes, northern dishes are also influenced by age-old traditions and practices, and recipes in there date back hundreds of years.
Some of the best-known dishes in the North of Vietnam is the bún riêu, a tomato broth soup with shrimp or crab paste and rice vermicelli. If you move more to the south, you’ll dishes which are thailand versus vietnam heave in spices, and sweet ingredients, such as coconut milk. Another significant trait about Vietnamese cuisine is the French influence. This is mainly due to the fact that the country was conquered by France in 1857, and until the Geneva Accord of 1954, Vietnam was part of French Indochina.
Still, to the present day, you can find French influences throughout the country. Many of the Vietnamese staple dishes present elements from French cuisine. One of the most popular foods that have been introduced by France in Vietnam is the baguette, which you’ll find in dishes such as the banh mi, a special sandwich made with chicken and pickled vegetables. Prices And Overall Cost Vietnam Vs Thailand Travel Costs In Thailand One of the biggest advantages of traveling to Thailand is that the region is relatively affordable.
In the country, the lowest cost for travelers is usually food and a basic meal at a restaurant costs between ฿90 to ฿150 (around $5). Outside tourist areas food can thailand versus vietnam even cheaper, ranging from ฿30 to ฿60 (around $1). Accommodation can be a bit more expensive, but it depends on where you wanna stay.
If you decide to opt for more luxury, expect to spend more. But Thailand has amazing and affordable boutique hotels for $40 a night, aside from backpacker guesthouses in Thailand for about $10 a night (฿320). According to Budget Your Trip, plan to spend around ฿2,122 ($71) per day on your trip to Thailand. Travel Costs In Vietnam Thailand and Vietnam are quite similar when it comes to prices, but Thailand tends to be a bit more expensive.
According to Budget Your Trip, travelers can expect to spend around d938,910 ($41) per day in Vietnam, which is relatively lower than in Thailand. But, in case you don’t want to backpack and prefer a more comfortable travel experience, budget $60 to $100 per day for your entire costs (including meals, accommodation, and transportation).
In Vietnam, you can find luxurious accommodation, such as rural resorts surrounded by thailand versus vietnam, for around $30/night, and the average hotel price for a couple is d940,619 ($41). Accommodation Options Vietnam vs Thailand Accommodation in Thailand Both Vietnam and Thailand have a wide range of accommodation options that are suitable for different travel experiences. Specifically, in Thailand, there’s a variety of guesthouses, bungalows, hostels, hotels, and luxury resorts for you to choose from.
In case you’re looking for a more budget-friendly option, hostels are the best bet, and aside from being affordable, they’re great to meet other like-minded travelers. Now, for a more rustic, yet comfy experience, you can opt for an oceanfront beach bungalow in islands such as Ko Lanta and Ko Phangan.
Accommodation in Vietnam When it comes to affordable accommodation, there’s no place like Vietnam. In major cities, such as Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi, the options are endless and suitable for all budgets. Due to the recent hospitality and tourism boom in Vietnam, this destination has been going through an increase of luxury resorts and chich bungalows by the beach, especially along the coast, and the newer the hotel is, the better value it’s likely to have in terms of comfort, amenities, cleaning, etc.
But, if you’re looking for budget accommodation, hostels thailand versus vietnam the best match. For travelers who are seeking an immersive cultural experience in Vietnam, a good choice is to opt for a homestay around the Mekong Delta, which is a great opportunity to live like a local during your trip. Vietnam Or Thailand: The Verdict Which One Should I Go To First: Thailand or Vietnam? We’ve broken down the main aspects of Thailand vs Vietnam, and in short, the two countries are amazing travel options.
Some say that Thailand has better beaches and a livelier nightlife. Others find Vietnam the most beautiful place on earth and are drawn to its fairly affordable prices. But, apart from the differences, both Vietnam and Thailand are paradisiac places, capable of pleasing the most inquisitive travelers. But the answer really depends on what you’re looking for. If you’re seeking a destination filled with lively parties and festivals, Thailand should be your first bet.
The country is also a top destination for those who seek some spiritual and meaningful trip, as it has a handful of amazing Buddhist Temples. Some also say that, if it’s your first time in Asia, Thailand is the best choice.
Less touristic and explored than Thailand, Vietnam is a great match for travelers who are seeking an offbeat and more authentic experience. It’s also more affordable than Thailand, aside from boasting a rich history that will keep you hooked during your entire trip.
So, overall, the answer is: it depends. And maybe you don’t even have to choose between both countries. A great idea is to plan a long trip to Southeast Asia, and include both Thailand and Vietnam, aside from other destinations, in your itinerary.
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