Students often find it easy to understand the basic definition of a Verb. However, exams like Bank and Insurance Exams like IBPS PO, CLERK SO, SSC, CDS, RRB and Defence Examsrequire a deeper understanding of the verb. A candidate must understand the different types of English verbs and how to use them effectively in a sentence. This understanding is important in understanding the Tenses. When it comes to General English papers, a candidate can easily solve Error Spotting and Filler tests as many questions are based on use of Verb and Types of Verb.
So, here is a complete guide. By the end of this, you can solve any question related to Verbs. Table of Contents • Irregular verb 1 2 3 are Verbs? • Types of English Verbs • Main Verb: • Points to Remember While Using the Main Verb: • Auxiliary Verb • Common Rules for using Modals • English Verbs FAQs What are Verbs?
A verb is an action word or group of words. It is used to indicate the action done by the subject or doer or actor mentioned within a sentence.
A verb can also showcase ‘possession’ or ‘being’. Examples of English Verbs: • I am going to the library. • She was excited about the film.
• She works well. • They maintain themselves. • Let’s drop by at grand ma’s place! • He is returning home after a long time.
For details on the Para Jumbles, refer to the linked article. Types of English Verbs There are different types of verbs in generative grammar. A sentence can contain a single verb or a combination of auxiliary and main verb. Main Verb: The main verb is the action done by or on the subject of the verb. Action words irregular verb 1 2 3 easy to identify. You need to ask the question ‘ What is the subject doing? ‘ Example: • Richa is playing badminton. Ask the question ‘What is Richa doing?’ the answer is “playing”- Verb.
There are three types of the Main Verb: • Transitive Verb & Intransitive Verb • Regular Verb & Irregular Verb • Finite Verb & Non-Finite Verb Do check out Noun here.
Let’s go through each of them one by one. Transitive Verb & Intransitive Verb Transitive Verb: This kind of the main verb requires an object on which the action takes place. Here the object is not the verb but the action is. Intransitive Verb: This kind is the opposite of the Transitive Verb. It doesn’t have an object of the action. Example: • I am painting. In this sentence, there is an action being done but there irregular verb 1 2 3 no mention of the object on which the action is being done.
Hence, here the Verb painting is intransitive in nature. • I am painting the car. Unlike the above statement, this sentence has a definite object on which the action takes place. Hence, here the Verb painting is transitive in nature. To get details on Types, Rules & Cases of Sentence Correction, candidates can visit the linked article. How to Identify a Transitive Verb?
A transitive verb is one that only makes sense if it exerts its action on an object. The effect of the transitive verbs can be directly seen on the object. For eg: Kick, throw, pat, give. How to Identify an Intransitive Verb? An intransitive verb does not allow a direct object. This is a distinction from a transitive verb, which takes one or more objects.
The verb property is called transitivity. Intransitive verbs are often identified as those that can’t be followed by who or what. For eg: Arrive, Smile, Cry, Die, Happen, Occur, Grow, Develop.
Regular Verb & Irregular Verb Regular Verb: Regular verbs are those whose conjugation follows the typical pattern, or one of the typical patterns, of the language to which it belongs. They form their inflected parts by adding the typical endings -s, -ing and -ed to give forms such as plays, entering, and liked. For eg: verbs such as play, enter, and like are regular Irregular Verbs: Irregular verbs are the ones in which the past tense is not formed by adding the usual ‘-ed’ ending.
Examples of irregular verbs are sing (sang), feel (felt), and go (went). Check Objective Question with Answer for Verbs here. Example: • I was singing a song yesterday. Here the verb singing has a regular -ing form.
• I went to a party yesterday. Here the verb went has an irregular form. To get details on Idioms and Phrases, candidates can visit the linked article. How to Identify a Regular Verb?
A regular verb will have a form that can be applied to other verbs in present, past, perfect and continuous tense. Present Past Perfect Continuous go went gone going bite bit bitten biting Finite Verb & Non-Finite Verb Finite Verb: A finite verb irregular verb 1 2 3 limited by the actor or a number.
It is limited or bounded.
It changes its form according to the tense. The structural form of finite V3 form: Example: • Ram has written a letter. • She gave a written statement before the judge. Non-Finite Verb: An infinite verb is unlimited and unbounded. It is opposite to a finite verb. Example: • I suspect it was him. Here, “suspect” is limited. It is limited by person and tense.
• I want to achieve success. Here, “achieve” is independent of person and tense.
Learn all about Adverbs here. How to Identify a Finite Verb? Rule #1 A finite verb is controlled by the no. of subjects if the subject is singular, the verb will be singular. If the subject is plural, the verb will be plural. Example: • The girl runs slowly. (Subject is singular) • The girls run slowly. (Subject is plural) Rule #2 A finite verb is controlled by the person. Example: • I visit my grandparents at least once a month. (I – First Person) • She visits her grandparents at least once a month.
(She – Third Person) Rule #3 A finite verb is controlled by the tense. It can be in the irregular verb 1 2 3, present or future tense. Example: • Mary studies Spanish.
(Present Tense) • Mary will study Spanish. (Future Tense) For details on the Types and Rules of Tenses, refer to the linked article. How to Identify a Non-Finite Verb? Types of Non-Finite Verb The Non-Finite or Infinite Verb is divided into the following types.
Infinitives: Infinitives are the root verbs. They can be a ‘to infinitive’ like to eat or ‘bare infinitive’ like shall. Participles: • Present Participle: -ing form • Past Participle: completed action. • Perfect Participle: having + V4 Gerund: The gerunds are participle verbs working as a noun. They are just as same as a present participle in its form but it is used with a different cause.
To get detailed knowledge and examples on Prefixes and Suffixes, candidates can visit the linked article. Rule #1: Bare infinitive with (infinitive without ‘to’) some modals We, cannot use ‘to+V1’ form with modals. Modals are written without ‘to’. Example: • They can do the job. (Case of Bare infinitive) • He shall come today. (Case of Bare infinitive) Exception: Full infinitive (infinitive with ‘to’) is used with these two modals We use ‘to+V1’ with these two modals.
• Ought to • Have to Example: • You ought to obey the rules. • You have to study hard. Rule #2: To is the only preposition that takes the base form of the verb. However, there are some phrases with to being at the end of them, which require the gerund form of the verbs.
Example: • My kids volunteered to make cup cakes for the bake sale. • Clara’s eagerness to volunteering is a surprise at her age. Rule #3: To be, being, having, getting, etc. are generally followed by the past participle form of the verbs and other adjectives. Example: • Being sick, he took a day off from work.
• The kid felt happy, having eaten a burger. Rule #4: Usage of used to/ accustomed to/ addicted to/ habituated to: used to/ accustomed to/ addicted to/ habituated to + V4 Example: • She is addicted to using social media till late night • My brother is accustomed to going for a walk everyday. Rule #5: With these words to + V1 is always used Try, refuse, proceed, plan, neglect, hesitate, begin, manage, learn, forget, etc.
Example: • The kid hesitates to speak in front of the entire school • My mother refused me to talk to her. Rule #6: Gerund form is always used after possessive pronouns like (my, mine, his, her, your, our, etc. Irregular verb 1 2 3 • Father is very upset about my failing in the entrance.
Here’s all you need to know about Gerund, Infinitive and Participle Points to Remember While Using the Main Verb: • The base form of the verb is also used in the irregular verb 1 2 3 that use the subjunctive mood.
Some certain verbs + the conjunction that requires the next clause to use the subjunctive mood and the clause uses the base form of the verb in it. advise, demand, prefer, require, ask, insist, propose, stipulate, command, recommend, suggest, decree, order, request, urge, move Subject + the verbs of the above list (any tense) + THAT + subject + base verb Example: • The manager requires that we complete our project timely.
• The board commanded that he should stop making excuses for the losses. • The verbs are compulsorily followed by the subjects. They must agree with the subjects according to their number and person. Singular Subject = Singular Verb Plural Subject = Plural Verb Example: • A boy plays Football.
• The boys play Football. Learn about Types of Conjunction Explained with Examples Here. Auxiliary Verb What is an Auxiliary Verb? An auxiliary verb (abbreviated aux) is a verb that adds functional or grammatical meaning to the clause in which it appears, so as to express tense, aspect, modality, voice, emphasis, etc.
Auxiliary verbs usually accompany the main verb. The main verb provides the main semantic content of the clause. Example: I have finished my lunch. Here, the main verb is “ finished”, and the auxiliary “have” helps to express the perfect aspect.
Some sentences contain a chain of two or more auxiliary verbs. What is a Modal Auxiliary Verb? Modals or Modal Verbs or Modal Auxiliary are used to show the mood or attitude of the subject. They are the verbs that are used to indicate modality. Such as likelihood, ability, permission, request, capacity, suggestions, order, obligation, or advice. Modal verbs always irregular verb 1 2 3 the base (infinitive) form of another verb having semantic content.
Modals are the type of auxiliary expressing the subject’s mood. They give information about the function of the main verb. In English, the modal verbs commonly used are can, could, may, might, must, will, would, shall, should, ought to, had better, “have to” and sometimes need or dare. Modal Verb Must Shall Will Can May Modal + ed – Should Would Could Might Full negative forms Must not – Shall not Should not Will not Would not Cannot Could not May not Might not Short Negative forms Mustn’t – Shan’t Shouldn’t Won’t Wouldn’t Can’t Couldn’t – Mightn’t Different Kinds of Modals and their Usage: Modals Usage Can, Could, May Permission Can, Could, be able to past ability, power and capacity, remote possibility, formal request May, Might, Can, Could Possibility Should show assistance or polite suggestion, give advice, Would Request Ought to, Must, have to, had to, have got to, will have to Necessity, Compulsion Ought not to, Must not, Prohibition Dare challenge or courage Need to requirements Used to past habits, habitual action Common Rules for using Modals Rule #1: Forming questions with Modals We form questions by inverting the modal verb and the subject.
We do not use auxiliaries to do so. Example: • Should I go to bed now? • Must we do the work in excel? Rule #2: Forming negatives by adding ‘NOT’ We form negative sentences by adding ‘NOT’. We do not add auxiliaries.
Example: • Must we not do the work in excel? • Should I not go to bed now? • You must not be jealous of other’s progress. • I cannot leave the place before being informed. Rule #3: Interrogatives with Modals Modals can be used in tag/ interrogative sentences. Example: • You are not supposed to leave the place, are you? • You can drive the car, can’t you?
Rule #4: Modals and Tenses Modals do not exist in all tenses. They are only in Simple tenses. Example: • The train might be at the station (Past tense) • The train might arrive late (Future tense) Rule #5: Forms of Modals There are perfect forms and continuous forms of Modals.
The perfect form: (Modal + have + V3) The continuous form: (Modals + be + ing) Example: • You could have done better. • You will be appearing for the examination soon. Want to know about Phrasal Verbs? Learn here. Common Mistake while using Modals We cannot place one modal after the other. The sequence will be grammatically wrong.
Example: • She must can do it. —WRONG • She must do it. —CORRECT • She can do it.—CORRECT Points to Remember While Using Modals • Modals never change their form. We cannot add ‘s’, ‘ed’, ‘ing’ after them. • Modals are always followed by the bare infinitive without to. Hope this article helped you to understand Verbs and it’s types completely.
Do try our Testbook App to get more practice to clear all your doubts. It’s absolutely free! For details on the Synonyms & Antonyms, refer to the linked article. English Verbs FAQs More from testbook.com English Conditional Sentences: Types and Usage with Practice Problems and Examples English Idioms and Phrases: Check Their Meaning and Learn How to Use Them With Solved Examples English Reading Comprehension: Tips to Irregular verb 1 2 3 in Less Time!
Filler Words in English: Types of Fillers, Tips to Solve and Practice Examples Doppler Effect: Definition, Formula, Examples, Uses, FAQs The verbs partir, sortir, and dormir are irregular in the present tense, that is, they are not conjugated like regular -ir verbs.
Listen carefully to the pronunciation of these verbs, noting especially the pronunciation of the consonant sound in the plural forms. Can you hear the difference between the singular and the plural forms in the third person? part ir 'to leave' je par s nous part ons tu par s vous part ez il/elle/on par t ils/elles part ent past participle : part i sort ir 'to exit, go out' je sor s nous sort ons tu sor s vous sort ez il/elle/on sor t ils/elles sort ent past participle : sort i dorm ir 'to sleep' je dor s nous dorm ons tu dor s vous dorm ez il/elle/on dor t ils/elles dorm ent past participle : dorm i Bette: Tammy, tu pars ce week-end?
Bette: Tammy, are you leaving this weekend? Tammy: Oui, je pars pour la Irregular verb 1 2 3 avec Tex. Nous allons rendre visite à Paw-Paw. Samedi soir nous sortons danser et manger de la cuisine cadienne. Tammy: Yes, I'm going to Louisianna with Tex. We're going to visit Paw-Paw. We're going out Saturday night to dance and eat some Cajun food. Bette: Et Irregular verb 1 2 3, il sort avec vous? Bette: And does Paw-Paw go out with you?
Tammy: Non, il préfère rester à la maison pour dormir. Tammy: No, he prefers to stay at home and sleep. Give the correct form of the verb indicated in parentheses. 1. Paw-Paw ne ______ pas parce qu'il aime rester à la maison. (sortir) 2. Nous ______ beaucoup le week-end.
(dormir) 3. Bette et Tammy aiment ______ avec leurs amis. (sortir) 4. Corey ne ______ pas beaucoup parce qu'il préfère regarder la télé. (dormir) 5.
Joe-Bob, est-ce que tu ______ ce week-end? (partir) 6. Rita et les enfants, vous ______ ce soir? (sortir) 7. Josh et Tex ______ pour le film à sept heures. (partir) 8. Tammy: Je ______ beaucoup après un examen.
(dormir) 9. Tammy et Tex: Nous ______ pour les cours à 10 heures. (partir) 10. Fiona, pourquoi est-ce que tu ne ______ pas avec nous? (sortir) 11. Edouard ______ pour son travail à cinq heures. (partir) 12. Joe-Bob et Corey ne ______ pas souvent de Jester.
(sortir) Listen to the following sentences and decide if they refer to Tammy (singular) or Tammy and Bette (plural). 1. Tammy Tammy et Bette 2. Tammy Tammy et Bette 3. Tammy Tammy et Bette 4. Tammy Tammy et Bette 5. Tammy Tammy et Bette 6. Tammy Tammy et Bette 7. Tammy Tammy et Bette 8.
Tammy Tammy et Bette 9. Tammy Tammy et Bette 10. Tammy Tammy et Bette 11. Tammy Tammy et Bette 12. Tammy Tammy et Bette
For specially constructed "irregular verbs" that satirize uncharitably towards others, see Emotive conjugation. A regular verb is any verb whose conjugation follows the typical pattern, or one of the typical patterns, of the language to which it belongs. A verb whose conjugation follows a different pattern is called an irregular verb.
This is one instance of the distinction between regular and irregular inflection, which can also apply to other word classes, such as nouns and adjectives. In English, for example, verbs such as play, enter, and like are regular since they form their inflected parts by adding the typical endings -s, -ing and -ed to give forms such as plays, entering, and liked. On the other hand, verbs such as drink, hit and have are irregular since some of their parts are not made according to the typical pattern: drank and drunk (not "drinked"); hit (as past tense and past participle, not "hitted") and has and had (not "haves" and "haved").
The classification of verbs as regular or irregular is to some extent a subjective matter. If some conjugational paradigm in a language is followed by a limited number of verbs, or it requires the specification of more than one irregular verb 1 2 3 part (as with the German strong verbs), views may differ as to whether the verbs in question should be considered irregular.
Most inflectional irregularities arise as a result of series of fairly uniform historical changes so forms that appear to be irregular from a synchronic (contemporary) point of view may be seen as following more regular patterns when the verbs are analyzed from a diachronic ( historical linguistic) viewpoint. Contents • 1 Development • 2 Types of pattern • 2.1 Irregularity in spelling only • 3 Linguistic study • 4 By language • 4.1 English • 4.1.1 Common irregular verbs • 4.2 Other languages • 4.3 Constructed languages • 5 References Development [ edit ] When a language develops some type of inflection, such as verb conjugation, it normally produces irregular verb 1 2 3 typical (regular) patterns by which words in the given class come to make their inflected forms.
The language may develop a number of different regular patterns, either as a result of conditional sound changes which cause differentiation within a single pattern, or through patterns with different derivations coming to be used for the same purpose. An example of the latter is provided by the strong and weak verbs of the Germanic languages; the strong verbs inherited their method of making past forms (vowel ablaut) from Proto-Indo-European, while for the weak verbs a different method (addition of dental suffixes) developed.
Irregularities in verb conjugation (and other inflectional irregularities) may arise in various ways. Sometimes the result of multiple conditional and selective historical sound changes is to leave certain words following a practically unpredictable pattern.
This has happened with the strong verbs (and some groups of weak verbs) in English; patterns such as sing–sang–sung and stand–stood–stood, although they derive from what were more or less regular patterns in older languages, are now peculiar to a single verb or small group of verbs in each case, and are viewed as irregular. Irregularities irregular verb 1 2 3 also arise from suppletion – forms of one verb may be taken over and used as forms of another.
This has happened in the case of the English word went, which was originally the past tense of wend, but has come to be used instead as the past tense of go. The verb be also has a number of suppletive forms ( be, is, was, etc., with various different origins) – this is common for copular verbs in Indo-European languages.
The regularity and irregularity of verbs is affected by changes taking place by way of analogy – there is often a tendency for verbs to switch to a different, usually more regular, pattern under the influence of other verbs. This is less likely when the existing forms are very familiar through common use – hence among the most common verbs in a language (like be, have, go, etc.) there is often a greater incidence of irregularity.
(Analogy can occasionally work the other way, too – some irregular English verb forms such as shown, caught and spat have arisen through the influence of existing strong or irregular verbs.) Types of pattern [ edit ] The most straightforward type of regular verb conjugation pattern involves a single class of verbs, a single principal part (the root or one particular conjugated form), and a set of exact rules which produce, from that principal part, each of the remaining forms in the verb's paradigm.
This is generally considered to be the situation with regular English verbs – from the one principal part, namely the plain form of a regular verb (the bare infinitive, such as play, happen, skim, interchange, etc.), all the other inflected forms (which in English are not numerous; they consist of the third person singular present tense, the past tense and past participle, and the present participle/gerund form) can be derived by way of consistent rules.
These rules involve the addition of inflectional endings ( -s, -[e]d, -ing), together with certain morphophonological rules about how those endings are pronounced, and certain rules of spelling (such as the doubling of certain consonants). Verbs which in any way deviate from these rules (there are around 200 such verbs in the language) are classed as irregular. A language may have more than one regular conjugation pattern.
French verbs, for example, follow different patterns depending on whether their infinitive ends in -er, -ir or -re (complicated slightly by certain rules of spelling). A verb which does not follow the expected pattern based on the form of its infinitive is considered irregular. In some languages, however, verbs may be considered regular even if the specification of one of their forms is not sufficient to predict all of the rest; they have more than one principal part.
In Latin, for example, verbs are considered to have four principal parts (see Latin conjugation for details). Specification of all of these four forms for a given verb is sufficient to predict all of the other forms of that verb – except in a few cases, when the verb is irregular. To some extent it may be a matter of convention or irregular verb 1 2 3 preference to state whether a verb is regular or irregular. In English, for example, if a verb is allowed to have three principal parts specified (the bare infinitive, past tense and past participle), then the number of irregular verbs will be drastically reduced (this is not the conventional approach, however).
The situation is similar with the strong verbs in German (these may or may not be described as irregular). In French, what are traditionally called the "regular -re verbs" (those that conjugate like vendre) are not in fact particularly numerous, and may alternatively be considered to be just another group of irregular verb 1 2 3 behaving irregular verbs.
The most unambiguously irregular verbs are often very commonly used verbs such as the copular verb be in English and its equivalents in other languages, which frequently have a variety of suppletive forms and thus follow an exceptionally unpredictable pattern of conjugation.
Irregularity in spelling only [ edit ] It is possible for a verb to be regular in pronunciation, but irregular in spelling.
Examples of this are the English verbs lay and pay. In terms of pronunciation, these make their past forms in the regular way, by adding the /d/ sound. However their spelling deviates from the regular pattern: they are not spelt (spelled) "layed" and "payed" (although the latter form is used in some e.g.
nautical contexts as "the sailor payed out the anchor chain"), but laid and paid. This contrasts with fully regular verbs such as sway and stay, which have the regularly spelt past forms swayed and stayed.
The English present participle is never irregular in pronunciation, with the exception that singeing irregularly retains the e to distinguish it from singing. Linguistic study [ edit ] In linguistic analysis, the concept of regular and irregular verbs (and other types of regular and irregular inflection) commonly irregular verb 1 2 3 in psycholinguistics, and in particular in work related to language acquisition.
In studies of first language acquisition (where the aim is to establish how the human brain processes its native language), one debate among 20th-century linguists revolved around whether small children learn all verb forms as separate pieces of vocabulary or whether they deduce forms by the application of rules.  Since a child can hear a regular verb for the first time and immediately reuse it correctly in a different conjugated form which he or she has never heard, it is clear that the brain does work with rules; but irregular verbs must be processed differently.
A common error for small children is to conjugate irregular verbs as though they were regular, which is taken as evidence that we learn and process our native language partly by the application of rules, rather than, as some earlier scholarship had postulated, solely by learning the forms.
Irregular verb 1 2 3 fact, children often use the most common irregular verbs correctly in their earliest utterances but then switch to incorrect regular forms for a time when they begin to operate systematically. That allows a fairly precise analysis of the phases of this aspect of first language acquisition.
Regular and irregular verbs are also of significance in second language acquisition, and in particular in language teaching and formal learning, where rules such as verb paradigms are defined, and exceptions (such as irregular verbs) need to be listed and learned explicitly.
The importance of irregular verbs is enhanced by the fact that they often include the most commonly used verbs in the language (including verbs such as be and have in English, their equivalents être and avoir in French, sein and haben in German, etc.). In historical linguistics the concept of irregular verbs is not so commonly referenced.
Since most irregularities can be explained by processes of historical language development, these irregular verb 1 2 3 are only irregular when viewed synchronically; they often appear regular when seen in their historical context. In the study of Germanic verbs, for example, historical linguists generally distinguish between strong and weak verbs, rather than irregular and regular (although occasional irregularities still arise even in this approach).
When languages are being compared informally, one of the few quantitative statistics which are sometimes cited is the number of irregular verbs. These counts are not particularly accurate for a wide variety of reasons, and academic linguists are reluctant to cite them. But it does seem that some languages have a greater tolerance for paradigm irregularity than others. By language [ edit ] English [ edit ] With the exception of the highly irregular verb be, an English verb can have up to five forms: its plain form (or bare infinitive), a third irregular verb 1 2 3 singular present tense, a past tense (or preterite), a past participle, and the -ing form that serves as irregular verb 1 2 3 a present participle and gerund.
The rules for the formation of the inflected parts of regular verbs are given in detail in the article on English verbs. In summary they are as follows: • The third person singular present tense is formed by adding the ending -s (or -es after certain letters) to the plain form. When the plain form ends with the letter -y following a consonant, this becomes -ies. The ending is pronounced /s/ after a voiceless consonant sound (as in hops, halts, packs, bluffs, laughs), or /z/ after a voiced consonant or vowel sound (as in robs, lends, begs, sings, thaws, flies, sighs), but /ɪz/ after a sibilant ( passes, pushes, marches).
• The past tense and past participle are identical; they are formed with the ending -ed, which as in the previous case has three different pronunciations ( /t/, /d/, /ɪd/). Certain spelling rules apply, including the doubling of consonants before the ending in forms like conned and preferred. There is some variation in the application of these spelling rules with some rarer verbs, and particularly with verbs ending -c ( panic–panicked, zinc–zinc(k)ed, arc–arced, etc.), meaning that these forms are not fully predictable, but such verbs are not normally listed among the irregular ones.
(The verbs lay and pay, however, are commonly listed as irregular, despite being regular in terms of pronunciation – their past forms have the anomalous spellings laid and paid.) • The present participle/gerund is formed by adding -ing, again with the application of certain spelling rules similar to those that apply with -ed.
The irregular verbs of English are described and listed in the article English irregular verbs (for a more extensive list, see List of English irregular verbs). In the case of these: • The third person singular present tense is formed regularly, except in the case of the modal verbs ( can, shall, etc.) which do not add -s, the verb be (which has three present indicative forms: am, is and are), and the three verbs have, do and say, which produce the forms has, does (pronounced with a short vowel, /dʌz/), and says (pronounced with a short vowel, /sɛz/).
 • The past tense and past participle forms are the forms most commonly made in irregular fashion. About 200 verbs in normal use have irregularities in one or other (or usually both) of these forms.
They may derive from Germanic strong verbs, as with sing–sang–sung or rise–rose–risen, or from weak verbs which have come to deviate from the standard pattern in some way ( teach–taught–taught, keep–kept–kept, build–built–built, etc.). (The past participle often ends in "n", " d" or "ed".) The past and past participle forms change in spelling sometimes.
• The present participle/gerund is formed regularly, in -ing (except for those defective verbs, such as the modals, which lack such a form). Common irregular verbs [ edit ] Some examples of common irregular verbs in English, other than modals, are:  • arise • be • come • do • eat • fall • get • give • go • have • hear • know • lend • make • run • say • see • take • think • wear • drink • put • cut • catch • drive Other languages [ edit ] For regular and irregular verbs in other languages, irregular verb 1 2 3 the articles on the grammars of those languages.
Particular articles include, for example: • Dutch conjugation • French verbs and French conjugation • German verbs and German conjugation • Ancient Greek verbs (for verbs in Modern Greek, see Modern Greek grammar) • Irish conjugation • Italian conjugation • Japanese verb conjugation and Japanese irregular verbs • Latin conjugation • Portuguese conjugation • Spanish verbs, Spanish conjugation and Spanish irregular verbs Some grammatical information relating to specific verbs in various languages can also be found in Wiktionary.
Constructed languages [ edit ] Most natural languages, to different extents, have a number of irregular verbs. Artificial auxiliary languages usually have a single regular pattern for all verbs (as well as other parts of speech) as a matter of design, because inflectional irregularities are considered to increase the difficulty of learning and using a language.
Other constructed languages, however, need not show such regularity, especially if they are designed to look similar to natural ones. The auxiliary language Interlingua has some irregular verbs, principally esser "to be", which has an irregular present tense form es "is" (instead of expected esse), an optional plural son "are", an optional irregular past tense era "was/were" (alongside regular esseva), and a unique subjunctive form sia (which can also function as an imperative).
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Irregular Verbs 2 Past Simple Exercise 2 Here's another exercise about the past simple of irregular verbs. It's to practise the second 25 of my list of 50 common verbs. Review the list of 50 irregular verbs on this page or download the list in PDF here.
Finally, click here to download the exercise in PDF with answers.
Downloadable worksheets: A pirate´s life (2 pages) Level: intermediate Age: 11-17 Downloads: 270 QUIZ FOR IRREGULAR VERBS - PAST PARTICIPLE) Level: intermediate Age: 9-17 Downloads: 272 Simple past tense quiz *Irregular verbs,positive,negat ive and interrogative form of the verbs and time expressions* Level: intermediate Age: 12-17 Downloads: 152 Irregular verbs quiz or test Level: intermediate Age: 12-100 Downloads: 109 Octopus Escapes from Aquarium Level: intermediate Age: 8-100 Downloads: 89 The Prehistory Quiz Level: elementary Age: 8-17 Downloads: 92 • Last month we on a trip to Jerusalem.
( go) • I a good movie last night. ( see) • We a tasty vegetables salad yesterday. ( make) • He to catch the bus but irregular verb 1 2 3 missed it!
( run) • Anna me a funny joke last night.
( tell) • I ”goodbye” and out. ( say/go) • My parents home very late last Friday. ( come) • I my homework and then I all the books into my book. ( do/put) • Our teacher birthday last week. ( have) • Maria a beautiful jacket two hours ago. ( buy) • I the new song at the party yesterday.
( hear) • My friends a wonderful present for my birthday. ( give) • She very surprised when she that man there. ( be/see) 14. The pupils an adventure book last lesson. • Mother sick, so she stayed in bed. ( feel) • I ten hours last night. ( sleep) • Diana her pet dog to school yesterday. ( bring) • I you were my best friend ( think) • The old man near the window and looked outside. ( stand) • I to my old brother last night. He is in France now. ( speak) • The pupil the math lesson.
( understand) • He a letter to his friend in England. ( write) • Yesterday, our dad us to the biggest zoo. ( take) • My glass. Please give me another one. ( break) • The baby the new newspaper. ( tear) • They the ball and I it quickly. ( throw/catch) • Last year he a new house. ( build) 14. The girls on the bench in the backyard. • We class at 8 o’clock this morning. ( begin) • The apartment a lot of money. ( cost) • Teacher that movie for us.
( choose) • I a ballet dancer in 1997.
( become) • The old woman her bag in the supermarket. ( forget) • He the chocolate cake. ( cut) • The bus driver that little girl to school today. ( bring) • My dad the house early in the morning yesterday. ( leave) • Last year I my pet snake in a glass cage.
( keep) • We how to write a thank you note last Tuesday. ( learn) • The girl from the chair and started to cry loudly. ( fall) • I Bob my rollerblades last week. ( lend) • She her new pens some time ago .They expensive. ( lose/be) 14. The boys very tired.When learning English you need to know the meaning of certain words first, and then sort the words irregular verb 1 2 3 according to grammatical rules.
Verbs in a regular structure can be transformed with a simple rule, whereas in irregular verbs, this situation is slightly different. It may be a good start to make some memorization and learn how to use the verbs in the right places. Here are Verb Forms v1 v2 v3 pdf In English there are regular verbs as well as irregular verbs.
In Simple Past Tense and Past Participle forms, most of the verbs have -d, -ed and -ied suffixes, while some verbs do not follow this rule. These verbs which do not follow this rule and whose past tenses are completely different from the others are called irregular verbs.
Irregular verbs are used in the form of verb 2 and verb 3, Past Participle, depending on the situation and time of use. Now let’s take a look at the situations and how to use these verbs together. Here are Verb Forms v1 v2 v3 v4 v5 pdf; V1Base Form V2Past Simple V3Past Participle abide abode abode arise arose arisen awake awoke awoken be was/were been bear bore born beat beat beaten beget begot begotten begin began begun bend bent bent breed bred bred bring brought brought broadcast broadcast broadcast build built built burn burnt burnt burst burst burst buy bought Bought do did done draw drew drawn dream dreamt dreamt drink drank drunk drive drove driven dwell dwelt dwelt eat ate eaten fall fell fallen feed fed fed feel felt felt fight fought fought find found found flee fled fled fly flew flown forbid forbad(e) forbidden forecast forecast forecast forget forgot forgotten forsake forsook forsaken freeze froze frozen V1Base Form V2Past Simple Irregular verb 1 2 3 Participle grind ground ground grow grew grown hang hung hung have had had hear heard heard hide hid hidden hit hit hit hold held held hurt hurt hurt keep kept kept kneel knelt knelt know knew known lay laid laid lead led led lean leant leant steal stole stolen stick stuck stuck sting stung stung stink stank stunk strike struck struck string strung strung strive strove striven swear swore sworn sweep swept swept swim swam swum swing swung swung teach taught taught tear tore torn tell told told think thought thought throw threw thrown thrust thrust thrust tread trod trodden wake woke woken wear wore worn Categories • Abbreviations (15) • Active & Passive Voice (9) • Adjectives (62) • Adverbs (26) • Animals (31) • Another Words (88) • Articles (2) • Business English (1) • Classroom English (3) • Collective Nouns (65) • Collocations (38) • Comparative & Superlative Adjectives (3) • Compound Nouns (5) • Compound Sentences (4) • Conditionals (9) • Confused Words (4) • Conjunctions (62) • Connectors (23) • Contractions (4) • Determiners (5) • English For Kids (2) • English Phrases (9) • Example Sentences (229) • General (50) • Gerunds (5) • Grammar (229) • Grammar Cards (9) • Grammatical Errors (5) • Handwriting Notes (1) • Homonyms (9) • Idioms (29) • IELTS (2) • Imperatives (4) • Infinitives (3) • Interjections (1) • Job Interview (1) • Learning English Tips (4) • Linking Words (6) • Modals (33) • Nouns (31) • Opposite Words (885) • Phrasal Verbs (31) • Phrases (44) • Prefixes (7) • Prepositions (38) • Pronouns (10) • Proverbs (3) • Punctuation Marks (2) • Quantifiers (4) • Question Words (4) • Quotes (1) • Relative Clauses (5) • Reported Speech (3) • Shapes (2) • Sight Words (1) • Silent Letters (2) • Slangs & Contractions (4) • Speaking (105) • Stories (4) • Suffixes (9) • Symbols and Irregular verb 1 2 3 (9) • Synonyms (177) • Telling The Time (2) • Tenses (68) • TOEFL (2) • Transition Words (14) • Verbs (1,465) • Vocabulary (337) • Ways to Say (90) • Writing (10)