Covid-19 indonesia

covid-19 indonesia

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Since April 28, Indonesia has recorded less than 500 daily cases nationwide despite an increase in public mobility. On Thursday night (May 5), health authorities in the archipelago confirmed 250 new cases. To date, the total number of Covid-19 infections in the country stood at 6.04 million with 156,340 deaths due to the viral disease.

Amid declining Covid-19 cases, the government has allowed the people to perform prayers at worship places without crowd limit. On Monday morning, tens of thousands of Muslims were seen standing outside the newly constructed Jakarta International Stadium for Eid prayers.

Some 85 million people reportedly traveled to their hometown in this year's Eid exodus. Exodus travellers have been advised by authorities to stay cautious and follow health protocols during the holiday period. Authorities continued to accelerate the national vaccination program with more than 199.34 million people having received their first doses of vaccines, while over 165.60 million the second doses. At least 40.94 million people have received booster shots. A booster shot has been included in the government's vaccine mandates for exodus travelers.

Home to more than 270 million people, Indonesia started mass Covid-19 vaccinations in January last year after the authorities approved the emergency use of the Chinese-made Sinovac vaccine. - Xinhua Workers make coffins to be used for victims of the coronavirus in Jakarta, Indonesia, Tuesday, July 27, 2021.

Indonesia has been showing sharp increases since late June. (AP Photo/Achmad Ibrahim) JAKARTA, Indonesia -- Thousands of foreigners have left Indonesia in recent weeks, airport records released Tuesday showed, apparently spurred by a brutal pandemic wave and a general shortage of vaccines, which have gone to high-priority groups first. Indonesia now has the most confirmed daily cases in Asia, as infections and deaths have surged over the past month and India’s massive outbreak has waned.

Infections peaked in mid-July, with the highest daily average reported at more than 50,000 new cases each day. Until mid-June, daily cases had been running at about 8,000. Since early this month, nearly 19,000 foreign nationals have left through Soekarno-Hatta International Airport in the capital, Jakarta.

The exodus increased significantly in the past three days alone, accounting for nearly half of all individual departures this month, said Sam Fernando, who heads the immigration authority at the airport. Japan's ambassador to Indonesia, Kenji Kanasugi, said the difficulty of getting vaccines for foreign nationals has prompted some Japanese citizens to get vaccinated in their home country.

“Amid a pandemic situation that is very difficult for all of us, some Japanese citizens in Indonesia will temporarily return to Japan,” Kanasugi said on Instagram earlier this month. Japanese and Chinese nationals made up the largest share of departures, with 2,962 and 2,219 individuals respectively, followed by 1,616 South Korean citizens.

Airport figures also showed departures by 1,425 Americans, as well as 842 French, 705 Russian, 700 British, 615 German and 546 Saudi Arabian citizens. Initially, only representatives of foreign countries and international nonprofit organizations were eligible for the government's free vaccine program. The program was expanded last month to include those aged 60 and older, as well as teachers and education staff.

Still, television reports showed foreigners complaining about the difficulties they've faced getting vaccinated. Wiku Adisasmito, a spokesman for the National COVID-19 Task Force, said Tuesday that limited vaccine supply remains a challenge. He expressed hope that 45 million more doses set to arrive in August covid-19 indonesia improve the situation. Indonesia, home to 270 million people, had secured at least 151.8 million vaccine doses by late July.

The vast majority of doses — 126.5 million — are from the Chinese pharmaceutical company Sinovac. Indonesia's confirmed daily death toll surpassed 2,000 for the first time covid-19 indonesia Tuesday, hitting 2,069. The Health Ministry reported 45,203 new confirmed cases as the health system struggles to cope, and even patients fortunate enough to get a hospital bed are not guaranteed oxygen.

Several countries have announced new bans or restrictions on travelers from Indonesia, including neighboring Singapore and the Philippines. Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, Taiwan and Hong Kong are among the nations and territories that have placed Indonesia on their travel ban list. Overall, Indonesia has reported more than 3.2 million cases and 86,835 fatalities. Those figures are widely believed to be a vast undercount due to low testing and poor tracing measures.
none Recoveries by province as of 8 May 2022 Disease COVID-19 Virus strain SARS-CoV-2 Location Indonesia First outbreak Covid-19 indonesia, Hubei, China Index case Kemang, Jakarta Arrival date 2 March 2020 (2 years, 2 months and 6 days) Confirmed cases 6,048,431 [1] Active cases 6,192 [1] Suspected cases ‡ 2,269 [1] Recovered 5,885,858 [1] • 199,310,483 [2] ( 73.76%) people with at least one dose • 165,635,365 [2] ( 61.3%) fully vaccinated people • 41,005,308 [2] ( 15.18%) people with the booster or the third dose Government website National: covid19 .go .id covid19 .bnpb .go .id covid19 .kemkes .go .id Local: see cases by province ‡ Suspected cases have not been confirmed by laboratory tests as being due to this strain, although some other strains may have been ruled out.

The COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 ( COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 ( SARS-CoV-2). It was confirmed to have spread to Indonesia on 2 March 2020, after covid-19 indonesia dance instructor and her mother tested positive for the virus. Both were infected from a Japanese national. [3] [4] By 9 April 2020, the pandemic had spread to all 34 provinces in covid-19 indonesia country.

Jakarta, West Java, and Central Java are the worst-hit provinces, together accounting almost half of the national total cases. On 13 July 2020, the recoveries exceeded active cases for the first time. [5] As of 8 May 2022, Indonesia has reported 6,048,431 cases, the second highest in Southeast Asia, behind Vietnam.

With 156,381 deaths, Indonesia ranks second in Asia and ninth in the world. [6] Review of data, however, indicated that the number of deaths may be much higher than what has been reported as those who died with acute COVID-19 symptoms but had not been confirmed or tested were not counted in the official death figure. [7] Indonesia has tested 63,442,342 people against its 270 million population so far, or around 234,794 people per million.

[8] The World Health Organization has urged the nation to perform more tests, especially on suspected patients. [9] Instead of implementing a nationwide lockdown, the government applied " large-scale covid-19 indonesia restrictions" ( Indonesian: Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar, abbreviated as PSBB), which was later modified into the " community activities restrictions enforcement" ( Indonesian: Pemberlakuan Pembatasan Kegiatan Masyarakat, abbreviated as PPKM).

[10] On 13 January 2021, President Joko Widodo was vaccinated at the presidential palace, officially kicking off Indonesia's vaccination program. [11] As of 8 May 2022 at 18:00 WIB (UTC+7), 199,310,483 people had received the first dose of the vaccine and 165,635,365 people had been fully vaccinated; 41,005,308 of covid-19 indonesia had been inoculated with the booster or the third dose.

[12] Contents • 1 Statistics • 2 Background • 3 Timeline • 4 Classifications • 4.1 Cases • 4.2 Location • 5 Cases • 5.1 Confirmed cases • 5.2 Suspected cases • 6 Responses • 6.1 Central government • 6.1.1 Early responses • 6.1.2 Vaccination covid-19 indonesia • 6.1.3 Stimulus policy • 6.2 Regional government • 6.2.1 Area of emergency • 6.2.2 Large-scale social restrictions • 6.2.3 Aceh • 6.2.4 Banten • 6.2.5 Central Java • 6.2.6 DKI Jakarta • 6.2.7 East Java covid-19 indonesia 6.2.8 North Sumatra • 6.2.9 Papua • 6.2.10 South Sumatra • 6.2.11 West Java • 6.2.12 West Kalimantan • 6.3 Others • 6.3.1 Universities • 6.3.2 Corporations • 6.3.3 Societal organizations • 7 Travel restrictions • 8 Criticism • 8.1 Government • 8.1.1 Lockdown policies • 8.2 Failure to detect the virus • 8.3 Tests and treatment • 8.4 Additional death rates excluded from official counts • 8.5 Evasion of travel restrictions • 8.6 Lack of safety in tobacco industries • 9 Impact • 9.1 Socioeconomic • 9.1.1 Census • 9.2 Economic • 9.3 Sports, tourism, and leisure • 10 Notable deaths • 11 Notes • 12 References • 13 External links Statistics Background On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness covid-19 indonesia a cluster of people in Wuhan, Hubei, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.

[13] [14] The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003, [15] [16] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll. [17] [15] Timeline Main articles: Timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia (2020), Timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia (2021), and Timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia (2022) From January until February 2020, Indonesia reported zero cases of COVID-19, despite being surrounded by infected countries such as Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, and Australia.

Flights from countries with high infection rate, including South Korea and Thailand, also continued to operate. Health experts and researchers at Harvard University in the United States expressed their concerns, saying that Indonesia is ill-prepared for an outbreak and there could be undetected COVID-19 cases. [18] On 2 March 2020, Indonesian president Joko Widodo announced the first cases in the country: a dance instructor and her mother in Depok, West Java.

[19] Both of them had held a dance class at a restaurant in Kemang, South Jakarta on 14 February, which was attended by more than a dozen people. One of whom was a Japanese, who was later tested positive for COVID-19 in Malaysia. [20] As Malaysia reported the case, the government of Indonesia began to trace anyone who have had close contact with the Japanese and the infected Indonesians.

[21] [22] The cluster was initially identified as the "Jakarta cluster" [23] or the "dance class cluster", [24] [25] owing to the location of the infection. Since then, confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Indonesia began to increase slowly.

By 8 March, a total of 6 people who had attended the dance class were infected by the COVID-19, including one case of repatriated Indonesian from the Diamond Princess. [26] Several COVID-19 cases in West Java and Jakarta were found to have a link with the cluster. [27] The positive cases first confirmed in March are not the first Indonesians to have been infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus. In January, an Indonesian maid in Singapore contracted the virus from her employer.

[28] The first confirmed death of COVID-19 in the country occurred on 11 March when a 53-year-old British citizen in Bali died. [29] However, a Telkom employee who died on 3 March was found positive on 14 March. [30] [31] Classifications Cases Since 14 July 2020, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia classifies people involved with COVID-19 into four levels: [32] • A suspect is a person showing symptoms of respiratory infections, and has stayed within 14 days in any country or any region in Indonesia with local transmission and/or has established contact within 14 days with a confirmed or probable case and/or requires treatment at the hospital and has no possible diagnosis of other diseases.

• A probable case is a person, alive or deceased, who shows or showed obvious signs of COVID-19 symptoms and awaiting results of his or her swab test.

• A covid-19 indonesia case is a person whose sample produced positive results based on swab or molecular rapid test. A confirmed case may be symptomatic or asymptomatic.

Due to lower accuracy and higher chance of false positives, a positive rapid or antibody test is not counted into the official number of cases. • A close contact is a person who established contact with a probable or confirmed case between 2 days before and 14 days after symptoms show up, or the date of testing for asymptomatic cases.

The close contact must quarantine for 14 days. Reclassification into suspect may be done should if the person show symptoms. Other classifications include: • A recovered case is recorded after a confirmed case is discharged from isolation. For an asymptomatic case, it is 10 days after a sample testing; for a symptomatic case, it is after a swab test or 10 days after onset of symptoms, and at least 3 days after no fever or respiratory difficulties.

• Death is recorded after someone who had been confirmed COVID-19 positive died. People who were classified into probable case's deaths are not counted in the official tally. Location According to the Ministry of Domestic Covid-19 indonesia, a regency or municipality may be classified into three levels depending on the severity of COVID-19 cases within the region, according to these parameters: [33] • The number of positive cases within 14 days • The number of suspected cases within 14 days • The number of deaths buried according to COVID-19 protocol within 14 days • Threat of disease contagions to healthcare workers Each has a score of 15 points for increasing trends, 20 for stationary trends, and 25 for decreasing trends.

The three covid-19 indonesia were assigned to a specific region: • Red Zone if the total score reaches below 80 points. Large-scale social restrictions may be enforced. • Yellow Zone if the total score reaches 80 to 95 points. • Green Zone if the total score reaches 100 points (all 4 parameters show a decreasing trend). Cases Confirmed cases Main article: Statistics of the COVID-19 covid-19 indonesia in Indonesia § Cases by province and region Jakarta became the first province that confirmed COVID-19 cases, while Gorontalo was the last to do so.

On 6 July 2020, Jambi became the last province to report a death, 53 days after the penultimate province East Nusa Tenggara did. West Java and Banten had ever reported 16,251 cases and 22,667 recoveries in a day respectively; both are the highest by a single province.

Central Java hold the record for death numbers with 679. All six provinces in Java have the highest number of cases compared to other provinces, making it the worst-affected region in the country. Suspected cases Several travellers who had visited or transited through Bali later tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 shortly after their return to China, [34] Japan, [35] New Zealand, [36] and Singapore.

[37] An additional 50 to 70 people were put under surveillance after coming into contact with the first two confirmed COVID-19 patients. This number includes those who had visited Mitra Keluarga Hospital in Depok, the hospital the two confirmed patients were previously admitted to before being transferred to North Jakarta. [38] [39] A 37-year-old man who died in a hospital in Semarang suspected of having COVID-19 reportedly tested negative, and was instead afflicted by swine flu, probably picked up from recent travels to Spain.

[40] In West Sumatra, two people who returned from abroad died at Padang's Dr. M. Djamil Central General Hospital. On 13 March, a woman who was being treated as a suspect of COVID-19 after returning from Umrah died. [41] On 16 March, a 47-year-old man from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia landed at Minangkabau International Airport, showing symptoms of COVID-19. [42] [43] [44] He was subsequently hospitalized at Padang's hospital and died on the same day.

[45] Responses Central government Treatment Facilities List [46] Indonesia banned all flights from and to mainland China starting from 5 February 2020. The government also stopped giving free visa and visa on arrival for Chinese nationals. Those who live or have stayed in mainland China in the previous 14 days were barred from entering or transiting through Indonesia. Indonesians were discouraged from travelling to China. [47] Starting on 8 March, travel restrictions expanded to include Daegu and Gyeongsangbuk-do in South Korea, Lombardy, Veneto covid-19 indonesia Emilia-Romagna regions of Italy, and Tehran and Qom in Iran.

Visitors covid-19 indonesia travel history within these countries but outside the aforementioned regions have to provide a valid health certificate during check-in for all transportation into Indonesia. [48] Despite the restriction on travellers from Covid-19 indonesia Korea, Indonesia was still allowing flights from the country.

[49] The Ministry of Health ordered the installation of thermal scanners for at least 135 airport gates and port docks, [50] [51] and announced that provisioning over 100 hospitals with isolation rooms (to WHO-recommended standards) would begin. [52] Starting on 4 March, Jakarta MRT also began scanning the temperature of passengers entering the stations and denying access to those with symptoms of high fever.

[53] Other public places such as mall and school also began to scan people at all their entrances. [ citation needed] After the first victim died, the Indonesian government admitted that they had difficulties in detecting incoming imported cases on airports, doing contact tracing and also location history for each case.

[54] The Indonesian government announced on 4 March that it planned to turn a site on Galang Island, previously used as a refugee camp for Vietnamese asylum seekers into a 1,000-bed medical facility specially equipped to handle the COVID-19 pandemic covid-19 indonesia other infectious diseases. [55] On 13 March, the covid-19 indonesia designated 132 treatment facilities across Indonesia. [46] On 18 March 227 additional hospitals (109 military hospitals, 53 police Hospitals and 65 state-owned enterprises hospitals) were provisioned to cover more patients across the country.

[56] The government also established the COVID-19 Response Acceleration Task Force. [57] Doni Monardo has been appointed to lead this team. [58] On the same day, Minister of Home Affairs Tito Karnavian urged all of Indonesia's regional leaders to suspend all non-essential travel to foreign country.

[59] On 15 March, President Widodo called on all Indonesians to practice what epidemiologists call social distancing to slow the spread of COVID-19 in the country. [60] Indonesian tax authorities announced that they would move back the tax reporting deadline to 30 April covid-19 indonesia.

[61] On 16 March, the Ministry of State-Owned Enterprises instructed its employees aged 50 and over to work from home. [62] President Jokowi also clarified that the decision to implement lockdown on cities or regencies covid-19 indonesia only to be made after consultation with the central government. [63] As schools covid-19 indonesia closing in some regions, Minister of Education Nadiem Makarim announced the readiness covid-19 indonesia the Ministry of Education to assist schools in online learning by providing free teaching platforms.

[64] Minister of Covid-19 indonesia Sri Mulyani also announced a shifting of infrastructure budget of 1 trillion IDR into healthcare and pandemic prevention. [65] Health workers collect mucosal swab sample a COVID-19 test in Padang, West Sumatra.

On 17 March, COVID-19 health protocols have been released to public. [66] [67] Ministry of Foreign Affairs also expanded the travel restrictions to temporary abolish visa free entry to Indonesia for one month and deny transit or arrival for visitors who have been in Iran, Italy, Vatican City, Spain, France, Germany, Switzerland, and United Kingdom within the past 14 days.

[68] On 18 March, the government launched COVID-19.go.id site, an official source of accurate information on controlling the spread of COVID-19 in Indonesia. [69] [70] On the same day, The Ministry of Finance also announced that Kemayoran Athletes Village, a former athlete's housing for the 2018 Asian Games would be converted to house COVID-19 patients who show only mild symptoms after consultation from doctors.

[71] covid-19 indonesia [73] The conversion was covid-19 indonesia completed on 23 March. [74] On 19 March, Bank of Indonesia decided to slash the bank rate to 4.5%, in addition to 6 other fiscal policies, in the attempt to shore up the economy amidst the COVID-19 crisis. [75] On the same day, the chief of the Indonesian National Police Idham Azis published a notice for all policeman to enforce social distancing by dispersing assemblies at public places.

[76] On 27 March, the government was mulling over a plan to ban 2020 Idul Fitri mudik (exodus) to prevent city dwellers from spreading the coronavirus to towns and villages across the archipelago. [77] On 30 March, President Widodo refused to impose lockdown on Jakarta.

Bus routes connecting Jakarta and other cities and provinces will remain open following the cancellation of a plan to temporarily suspend operations of Greater Jakarta-based intercity and interprovincial (AKAP) buses. [78] [79] On 31 March, Indonesia announced IDR 405 trillion COVID-19 budget, anticipates a 5% deficit in a historic move. The government was to allocate IDR 75 trillion for healthcare spending, IDR 110 trillion for social protection, and IDR 70.1 trillion for tax incentives and credit for enterprises.

The largest chunk, IDR 150 trillion, was to be set aside for economic recovery programs including credit restructuring and financing for small and medium businesses. [80] On 13 April, President Jokowi declared COVID-19 as a national disaster after it infected 4,557 individuals and caused 399 deaths in Indonesia. Prof. Mahfud MD as Coordinating Ministry for Political, Legal, and Security Affairs said covid-19 indonesia national disaster could not be used as a justification for claiming force majeure and thereby evading obligations under contracts.

[81] On 21 April, President Jokowi announced his decision to ban the Idul Fitri mudik (exodus) starting from 24 April to curb the spread of COVID-19 ahead of Ramadan.

[82] To help with this effort, travel by intercity bus travel was banned until 31 May, commercial and charter flights until 1 June, sea transportation until 8 June, and long-distance passenger trains until 15 June. [83] [84] In late April, President Jokowi asked the United States for medical equipment, including ventilators via phone call to President Donald Trump, to which President Trump, on 24 April, responded he would provide and also reiterated the intent to strengthen economic cooperation between the two.

[85] [86] Vaccination efforts Main article: COVID-19 vaccination in Indonesia COVID-19 vaccination in Indonesia was started on 13 January 2021, when President Joko Widodo was vaccinated at the presidential palace. Stimulus policy To reduce the impact of COVID-19 pandemic to the national economy, the government released a IDR 10.3 trillion stimulus policy to the tourism sector, in the form of ticket price discounts and covid-19 indonesia tax deductions.

The IDR 10.3 trillion budget is given to provide discounted airplane ticket prices for 10 tourist destinations, such as Batam, Denpasar, Yogyakarta, Labuan Bajo, Lombok, Malang, Manado, Lake Toba ( Silangit Airport), Tanjung Pandan, and Tanjungpinang, which applies from March to May 2020.

Ticket prices for low-cost airlines are discounted by 50%, medium-service by 48%, covid-19 indonesia full-service by 45%.

[87] Specifically for this ticket price discount, the stimulus fund comes from the IDR 444.39 billion state budget (APBN) for a discounted value of 30% and 25% of passengers per flight. [88] Additionally, there were additional IDR 100 billion ticket discounts paid by Angkasa Pura I and Angkasa Pura II and IDR 260 billion PT Pertamina (Persero) paid through jet fuel price discounts, so the total ticket price stimulus was IDR 960 billion, so that the ticket price could be discounted by 50%.

[89] The stimulus in the form of restaurant taxes was borne by the central government was also provided to the tune of IDR 3.3 trillion. Thus, there was no restaurant tax in the ten tourist destinations above, but as compensation, the local government were to be given a grant from the central government.

[88] Regional government Area of emergency • Jakarta: 20 March covid-19 indonesia 19 April [90] [91] • Depok: 18 March – 29 May [90] • Yogyakarta: 20 March – 29 May [90] • Bogor: 15 March – 29 Covid-19 indonesia [90] • East Java: 14 March – 29 May [90] • Banten: 15 March – 29 May [90] • East Kalimantan: 18 March – 29 May [90] • West Kalimantan: 10 March – 29 May [90] • West Java: 19 March – 29 May [90] • Papua: 17 March – 17 April [92] • Aceh: 20 March – 29 May [93] • North Sumatra: 31 March – 29 May [94] • South Kalimantan: 22 March – 29 May [95] Large-scale social restrictions Further information: Indonesia large-scale social restrictions Specific regions can apply for a request for large-scale social restrictions (PSBB/LSSR) covid-19 indonesia the Ministry of Health alongside proof of endemic and mitigation steps.

[96] Should it be approved, a date will be set by the local government and will run for at least two weeks. [ citation needed] Under the current restrictions, all public transportation options must operate with reduced hours and capacity. Non-essential businesses and stores are required to be closed. Restaurants and food stalls are open for takeaway and delivery only; markets and essential business can may open with social distancing. Depending on the area, private transportation requires a limitation of passengers and a mask obligation will also be in effect.

[97] [98] covid-19 indonesia [100] Aceh On 12 March, Aceh acting governor Nova Iriansyah advised Acehnese to stay away from vices and activities that are incompatible with religious and Islamic sharia values. [101] On 15 March, due to the rapid rise of the number of coronavirus infections in the country, the province of Aceh decided to close schools until further notice.

[102] On 16 March, the city of Sabang started to implement travel restrictions to forbid foreign visitors from traveling to their city. [103] On 20 March, Nova Iriansyah declared a "province-scale" state of emergency in Aceh for 71 days, lasting until 29 May. [93] Banten A closed cinema during COVID-19 pandemic in South Tangerang, Banten. On 15 March, Governor of Banten Wahidin Halim declares "extraordinary event" and decides to close all schools for 2 weeks.

[104] Central Java On 13 March, the city of Solo in Central Java decided to close all primary schools (SD) and junior high school's (SMP) for next 2 weeks, after three positive cases are found in the city.

[105] The mayor of Solo F. X. Hadi Rudyatmo has also declared that the area is under "extraordinary event". [106] On the same day, the Regency of Sragen decided to close all schools from kindergarten to junior high school throughout the regency for at least a week, while closure of senior high school in the regency would be decided by the provincial government.

[107] On 14 March, Central Java governor Ganjar Pranowo decided to close all kindergarten to junior high schools in the province.

High schools would remain open during the examination season. [108] The city of Salatiga followed the same decision on 15 March. The city government would also provide a covid-19 indonesia of IDR 3 billion for medical support. [109] On 25 March, the governor announced that schools under control of the provincial government will postpone their opening until 13 April. [110] On 26 March, the city of Solo, [111] Semarang, [112] Salatiga, [113] and Sukoharjo Regency [112] announced that kindergarten, primary, and junior high school's opening will be postponed until 13 April.

On 27 March, despite statements from President Jokowi that lockdowns are the authority of the central government, mayor of Tegal Dedy Yon Supriyono announced that Tegal would be on lockdown. He ordered that 49 road access to the city to be barricaded with movable concrete barriers, and visitors from outside will be thoroughly checked and have to undergo a 14-day quarantine period.

[114] On the other hand, the Governor of Central Java Ganjar Pranowo insisted that the blockade will only happen at some part of the city of Tegal, not on the whole city. [115] DKI Jakarta On 2 March, in response covid-19 indonesia the confirmed cases, DKI Jakarta governor Anies Baswedan halted the issuance of permits for large gatherings. [116] These including concerts by Foals, Babymetal, Head in the Clouds, and Dream Theater. [117] [118] On 13 March, after 69 positive COVID-19 cases, several tourist destinations in Jakarta including Ancol Dreamland, multiple government-managed museums, Ragunan Zoo and Monas were closed for 2 weeks.

[119] [120] [121] The Islamic organization Muhammadiyah formed a "command center" allocating 20 hospitals in the country to handle the outbreak, with the center being led by emergency medicine specialist Corona Rintawan. [122] On 14 March, Jakarta governor Anies Baswedan decided to suspend all school activities and examinations for two weeks in response to prevent further spread of the virus in the capital city of Jakarta.

[123] On 15 March, Jakarta provincial government prepared 500 to 1,000 beds for Patient Under Investigation (PUI) that will be placed on designated COVID-19 treatment facilities. [124] On 16 March, MRT Jakarta, LRT and TransJakarta started to reduce number of trips, corridors and timetables (06.00 – 18.00), however, this policy was retracted due to long queue in many bus stops and train stations in morning.

[125] [126] [127] Odd-even policy will be halted during outbreak. [128] On 20 March, Anies Baswedan declared a state of emergency in Jakarta for the next 14 days, lasting until 2 April. [129] On 28 March, Jakarta provincial government extends the state of emergency until 19 April. [91] On 2 April, Anies Baswedan allocated IDR 3 trillion to fight the COVID-19 pandemic, and the budget will be used to fund the city's fight against covid-19 indonesia virus up until May this year, by gradually allocating IDR 1.3 trillion and an additional IDR 2 trillion [130] Jakarta's application for curfew was approved by the Ministry of Health on 7 April and is set to take effect from Friday, 10 April for at least two weeks.

[131] On 21 April, the local government prepared 136 schools as isolation areas for COVID-19 and the policy is currently still a proposal waiting for approval from the Education Office. [132] On covid-19 indonesia September, Anies decided to reimpose large-scale social restrictions starting from 14 September due to the high spike of COVID-19 cases in the province.

[133] East Java Location of confirmed and suspected COVID-19 cases in East Java (4 May 2020). On 15 March, the city of Malang announced that they will close all schools for two weeks. The closure will begin on 16 March. [134] On the same day, the Governor of East Java Khofifah Indar Parawansa ordered the closure of all schools throughout the province. Educational institutions were advised to cancel any kind of student exchange until an indefinite time.

However national examination in the province would covid-19 indonesia be covid-19 indonesia. [135] On 16 March, the mayor of Malang Sutiaji decided to close all access to the city (lockdown), starting on 18 March. As of 16 March, there is no positive COVID-19 in Malang or the province of East Java. [136] He would later clarify that the lockdown only applies to the government of Malang, not the general populace. [137] On 20 March, Khofifah declared a state of emergency for East Java.

[138] North Sumatra On 31 March, the provincial government of North Sumatra declared a state of emergency until 29 May 2020. [139] A shopping center in Medan, as restrictions were implemented. Papua On 24 March, the provincial government of Papua decided to close any in and out access to Papua except for logistics and medical workers starting from 26 March for 14 days.

[140] Indonesian Minister of Home Affairs Tito Karnavian disagreed with the decision, saying that the central government's advice to the regional governments is not to close transportation, but to ban mass gatherings. [141] South Sumatra On 30 March, Jakabaring Athletes Village, a former athlete's housing for the 2018 Asian Games in Palembang, was appointed by the Governor of South Sumatera Herman Deru to be the house of PUM's treatment ( ODP Center).

He named it as "COVID-19 Healthy House" ( Rumah Sehat COVID-19). [142] West Java On 14 March, the city of Depok and Bogor decided to close all schools from kindergarten to senior high school until 28 March 2020.

[143] [144] This decision was also followed by the city of Bandung, in which the city opted to close schools for the next two weeks and advised schools to hold online teachings. [145] On 15 March, West Java COVID-19 distribution map was released to public. [146] The Regency of Bogor implement "semi-lockdown" on tourist area Puncak for foreign visitors, to prevent them from entering the area.

[147] Jalak Harupat, Pakansari and Patriot Chandrabragha stadiums are being prepared for COVID-19 Mass Rapid Test. [148] Applications for large-scale social distancing for Depok city, Bogor city & regency, and Bekasi city & regency, all of which belong to the Jakarta metropolitan area, were approved on 11 April and will covid-19 indonesia in effect on 15 April for at least two weeks. [149] West Kalimantan On 15 March, the governor decided to impose quarantine for all students covid-19 indonesia kindergarten to senior high school level in the province until a date which is yet to be decided.

During the quarantine period, students must stay at their homes for studying. An exception is given for final year senior/vocational high school students on their respective national final examinations date. [150] Others Universities In response of the outbreak, multiple universities opted to cancel classes and instead would teach students online.

[ citation needed] On 16 March, at least 17 universities across Indonesia confirmed that conventional face-to-face lectures would be cancelled and would be replaced by online classes. Graduations and gatherings were cancelled and students and lecturers who had gone abroad from countries with confirmed coronavirus cases with any reasons should self-isolate at home. As of 14 March, numerous universities have closed their classes, such as Universitas Indonesia (UI), [151] Universitas Gajah Mada (UGM), Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB), Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya, Universitas Gunadharma, Universitas Multimedia Nusantara (UMN), Sekolah Tinggi Akuntansi Negara (STAN), Kalbis Institut, Binus University, Universitas Atmajaya, London School Public Relations (LSPR), Universitas Yarsi, Universitas Pelita Covid-19 indonesia (UPH), Telkom University, Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta (UAJY), [152] Universitas Hasanuddin (UNHAS), [153] Universitas Tarumanegara (UNTAR), Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB), [154] and Universitas Al-Azhar Indonesia (UAI).

[155] [156] University of Brawijaya (UB), a university in Malang, creates a disinfection chamber as an effort to contain the coronavirus. [157] Corporations On 14 March, Tokopedia and Gojek have begun trial for work at home operations. [158] [159] On 15 March, Unilever Indonesia announced work-from-home policy for their office covid-19 indonesia, this policy will be started on 16 March until further notice.

[160] On 16 March, Telkomsel, Bank Mandiri, Indonesian Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre and Bank Indonesia announced work-from-home and split-team policy, these policies will be started on 17 March until further notice. [161] [162] [163] On 28 March, Indonesia AirAsia (QZ) suspended all domestic and international flights to overcome the spread of the pandemic. All domestic flights suspended between 1 and 21 April 2020 while international flights between 1 April and 17 May 2020.

[164] Mayapada Group founder, Dato Sri Tahir donated IDR 52 billion in form of personal protective equipment, covid-19 indonesia drugs, disinfectant, operational vehicles and also accommodation. covid-19 indonesia On 31 March, Grab donated US$10 million to reduce COVID-19 impact in Indonesia. [166] Societal organizations On 16 March, Covid-19 indonesia Council of Ulama (MUI) and Muhammadiyah urged to substitute Friday prayer with Zuhr prayer and not to attend any religious activities within heavily virus-plagued areas.

[167] [168] On 31 March, Muhammadiyah advised Muslims to not perform tarawih in Ramadan and Idul Fitri prayers. [169] Travel restrictions Indonesia had denied transit and entry for all foreign visitors since covid-19 indonesia April 2020. [170] [171] Indonesians who returned from China, South Korea, Italy, Iran, United Kingdom, Vatican City, France, Spain, Germany, and Switzerland were subject to additional health screening and a 14-day stay-at-home notice or quarantine depending on appearing symptoms.

[172] Garuda Indonesia, Citilink, Lion Air, Batik Air, and Sriwijaya Air cancelled several flights and grounded their aircraft. Meanwhile, Indonesia AirAsia cancelled all covid-19 indonesia. International airlines have either temporarily suspended covid-19 indonesia or continue operating with reduced frequency.

Other airlines such as China Airlines and Etihad Airways chose to continue their services as usual. [173] [174] From 24 April until 8 June, the government suspended all passenger to travel outside areas with at least one confirmed case, regions that had imposed large-scale social restrictions (PSBB), and those that had been declared COVID-19 red zones. The ban applied to all types of public and private transportation by air, sea, land, and railway, except for vehicles carrying leaders of state institutions, police and military vehicles, ambulances, fire trucks, hearses and vehicles transporting logistical supplies, staple goods and medicines.

[84] Due to its number spike, a total of 59 countries banned non-essential travel to and from Indonesia, among them included Malaysia, Hungary, United Arab Emirates, South Africa, and the US as declared by the CDC. [175] [176] The Indonesian government persuaded other countries to bring Indonesians to their country, but the countries questioned on whether Indonesia is able to manage the outbreak and thus keep them safe.

The Minister of Foreign Affairs Retno Marsudi telecommunicated with other countries to discuss it; some countries then decided to only unban very essential travel with travellers already conducted two polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests, in consideration of Indonesia's disrupted economy.

[177] Indonesia imposed a 14-day lockdown from 1 until 14 January 2021 after a new variant of coronavirus was detected in December 2020 and had spread to some countries. Foreigners worldwide were banned to enter the country's territories. [178] This was later extended until 22 February. [179] On 26 March, the national government announced its decision to ban mudik during Eid al-Fitr from 6 to 17 May to curb the spread of COVID-19. [180] They also tightened the travelling terms and requirements starting from 22 April to 24 May.

[181] On 5 July, the government renewed the travelling terms and requirements during the emergency community activities covid-19 indonesia enforcement. Travellers who wanted to visit Indonesia would have to perform a PCR test at least 72 hours before their departure and show their vaccination certificate. They would be tested again when they arrive in Indonesia, followed mandatory quarantine for eight days, and for those who wanted to travel domestically would have to be vaccinated with the Gotong Royong vaccine.

[182] Criticism Government President Jokowi was criticized in March 2020 by the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, [183] human rights groups, [184] and also by political parties such as Golkar and PKS [185] [186] for lack of transparency regarding information on COVID-19. Widodo insisted on not sharing travel history details of the patients that tested positive with coronavirus in an attempt to reduce panic and uneasiness in the general public.

[187] The public had asked the government to release official national map of COVID-19 confirmed cases' location, as unofficial independent maps may provide incorrect data.

[188] The government was also criticized after pledging to set aside IDR 72 billion ($5m) to pay for social media influencers to attract tourists to Indonesia. [189] Some critics of the government were arrested for allegedly spreading false information about the COVID-19 pandemic. [190] Lockdown policies President Jokowi came in the course of March under increased pressure to impose a partial lockdown on virus-plagued areas, with scientists saying the country is racing against time to curb the spread of COVID-19 before Eid al-Fitr and that a community quarantine could be the only solution to do exactly that.

[191] On 16 March, Jokowi said lockdown policies are the authority of the central government, and warned the local government to not impose lockdown without the consent of the central authority. [192] On 27 March, dozens of Indonesian medical professors called for "local covid-19 indonesia, saying that the government's policy of physical distancing is not "effective". The government is drafting a regulation (PP) to stipulate the procedures and requirements for imposing regional quarantines.

[193] [194] Failure to detect the virus Health experts were concerned early on that the country was failing to identify the transmission of the virus. [195] Marc Lipsitch, professor of epidemiology at the Harvard T.

H. Chan School of Public Health, "analysed air traffic out of the Chinese city at the centre of the outbreak in China and suggested in a report .

that Indonesia might have missed cases" of COVID-19. [196] Western diplomats [197] [198] as well covid-19 indonesia local [195] [199] and international [200] [201] news outlets postulated that the lack of cases within Indonesia result from inadequate testing and under reporting, as covid-19 indonesia to sheer luck and divine intervention.

[202] [203] On 22 March, a research paper suggested that the official number of infections may only reflect 2% of the real COVID-19 infections in Indonesia. [204] [205] According to The Jakarta Post on 5 April covid-19 indonesia, the central government has only conducted a daily average of 240 PCR tests since 2 March. [206] Tests and treatment Reports surfaced about patients in Greater Jakarta having to wait for a long time to get tests or treatment for possible cases of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as referral hospitals face the increasing strain.

[207] Additional death rates excluded from official counts According to a report from Reuters, as of 28 April 2020, there were covid-19 indonesia 2,200 patients who had died with coronavirus symptoms, but not included into the official death toll of 693. This suggests that Indonesia has a higher death rate than the official counts.

[208] An analysis by Financial Times showed that there were 1,400 more deaths in Jakarta compared to the historical average number of deaths in March and April. This excess deaths figure is 15 times the official figure of 90 COVID-19 deaths in this same period. [209] Evasion of travel restrictions "Ramadan exodus" contributed to the spread of the virus in Indonesia, [210] despite government regulations on social distancing and despite a lockdown slated to run until June.

[211] Also, despite the travel restrictions which suspended all passengers to travel outside areas with at least one confirmed case, many Indonesians disregarded it and have attempted to evade the travel restrictions to return to hometown during Eid al-Fitr season.

This caused scientists to raise concern that this evasion would lead to the diseases which can spread easily from Jakarta and nearby satellite cities, where it is the epicenter of the pandemic, to other regions of Indonesia with weak medical facilities which were arguably unable to handle large numbers of outbreak. [212] There were also a few attempts to evade the travel restrictions which were discovered by the police department, such as one of the cargo trucks which was stopped, in which an intermodal container was hiding a car with passengers inside, to be transported from Java to Sumatra.

An additional four cargo trucks were also detained when the driver attempting to bring 20 passengers from Jakarta inside the containers which were covered with tarpaulin.

[212] Lack of safety in tobacco industries Despite the temporary closure of HM Sampoerna due to two workers dying from COVID-19, with additional 63 covid-19 indonesia tested positive, Covid-19 indonesia Riono, the epidemiologist from University of Indonesia reported that other cigarette factories in East and West Java will continue to operate without practicing social distancing and workers never wearing face masks. This sparks concern that the cigarette factories could create new clusters for the COVID-19 pandemic considering that this industry usually has large workforce.

[212] Impact A roadside stand selling face masks at Pesanggrahan, South Jakarta. Socioeconomic In the first weeks of the pandemic, surgical face masks in Indonesia soared in price by over six times the original retail value from around IDR 30,000 to IDR 185,000 (some sources said it exceeded IDR 300,000) per box in some outlets after the announcement that two citizens had tested positive for coronavirus.

[213] Panic buying was reported since mid-February before the first cases were confirmed. [214] There were also shortages of thermometers, antiseptics and hand sanitizers. President Jokowi condemned the hoarding of face masks and hand sanitizers [215] and police started to crack down on suspected hoarders.

[216] Census Indonesia prepared to extend the online time for self-enumeration, and cancel all field data collection. They relied on administrative data and had requested additional UNFPA technical support for using administrative data for census. [217] Economic Following the worldwide trend of stock price drops, the IDX Composite weakened even before the first confirmation of the disease in Indonesia. [218] In response to expected economic slowdown due to the loss of Chinese economic activity, Bank Indonesia cut its interest rates by 25 basis points to 4.75% on 20 February.

[219] On 12 March, as the WHO declared pandemic, IDX Composite tumbled 4.2% to 4,937 when Thursday's session was opened, a level unseen in almost four years. [220] On 13 March, equity trading halted for the first time since 2008 over pandemic.

[221] On 17 March, Rupiah weakened to IDR 15,000 per dollar, touching a level unseen since October 2018. [222] [223] JKSE Composite Index 14 days after covid-19 indonesia case (2 March 2020) On 19 March, IDX Composite halted because of the sharp downturn of more than 5%.

This is the fourth trading halt that IDX Composite experienced during the coronavirus crisis. Indonesia Financial Service Authority or OJK have mandated a suspension of trading if IDX Composite fell down more than 15%. [224] Numbers of shopping malls started to voluntarily close due to declining foot traffic; only pharmacies, groceries and Covid-19 indonesia still operate with limited hours.

[225] Indonesian Finance Minister predicted that Indonesian economic growth Q2 can drop to 0.% or even minus 2.6%, but in Q3 can recover to 1.5 to 2.8%. [226] Indonesia's economic growth in the first quarter of 2020 stood at 2.97%, but it is the weakest economic growth recorded since 2001.

[227] The second-quarter contraction was recorded to be 5.32%, exceeding both government and economists' predictions. Covid-19 indonesia many economists, such as Brian Tan at Barclays, Radhika Rao at DBS and Helmi Arman at Citi still expect the economy to contract in 2020.

[228] It was estimated in August that as many as 3.7 million Indonesians may have lost their jobs. The contraction was the steepest economic drop Indonesia has experienced since the Asian financial crisis. [229] Brian Tan, Barclays Investment Bank's regional economist, noted that private consumption, government consumption and fixed investment all fell in Q2 as social distancing measures under Indonesia's large-scale social restriction measures, or Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar (PSBB), have stifled economic activity.

This led to a collapse in imports, which outpaced the decline in exports, he said in a report. [ citation needed] Barclays thus slashed its 2020 GDP forecast further to a 1.3% contraction, down from 1% contraction, Mr Tan said, which is below the central bank's earlier GDP growth forecast range of 0.9 to 1.9%.

[ citation needed] Sports, tourism, and covid-19 indonesia A quiet beach in Padang due to government calls of implementing social covid-19 indonesia. Indonesian tourism has been severely affected. In March, overall tourist numbers fell by 64%, and Chinese tourists by 97%. [230] Bali, where tourism accounts for 60% of GRP, had witnessed its foreign tourist arrivals fell by 93.2% in April. [231] Hotels were taking on a meager occupancy rate, with some hotels experiencing 5% and even 0% occupancy rate due to overspecialization on Chinese visitors, increasing travel restrictions from source countries, and an overall fear of the virus.

[232] There was, however, an increase in interest for domestic tourism, [233] and Chinese tourists which had already been on the island generally opted to extend their stay. [234] All beaches in Bali were temporarily closed for the public. [235] The 2020 edition of the National Sports Week (PON) in Papua, which was initially slated for Covid-19 indonesia, has been postponed until next year. [236] [237] Jakarta ePrix race of the 2019–20 Formula E season would also be postponed due to coronavirus concerns, [238] then later cancelled covid-19 indonesia the rescheduling calendar involving Berlin ePrix for the season-ending triple header.

The city's Capital Investment and One-Stop Service (PM-PTSP) announced it plans to postpone any public events with mass-gatherings from March to April following the news of an increasing number of COVID-19 cases to 27. [239] Numerous music events such as by Rich Brian, [240] Hammersonic Festival, covid-19 indonesia Dream Theater, [242] Babymetal, Slipknot, ONE OK ROCK, [243] and electronic dance music festival "We Are Connected" [244] have been suspended in the country.

Several local films, such as Tersanjung The Movie, Generasi 90-an: Melankolia, and KKN di Desa Penari have been delayed, also because of the pandemic; the latter has been postponed for the second time due to the Omicron variant. [245] [246] [247] [248] The 2020 Indonesia International Motor Show was postponed due to the pandemic, then later cancelled.

[249] [250] The 2020 edition of both the Indonesia Open and Indonesia Masters Super 100 were cancelled due to the pandemic. [251] [252] Starting on covid-19 indonesia December 2020, Bali required its domestic visitors who would travel by air during the Christmas and New Year holiday to perform a PCR test, or an antigen test if they are entering by land or sea.

[253] Due to the sudden regulation, 133,000 would-be visitors asked for plane ticket refund, with losses estimated at around 317 billion IDR. [254] The 2021 FIFA U-20 World Cup, which would have been hosted in Indonesia on 20 May-12 June 2021, was cancelled by FIFA on 24 December. Despite the cancellation, Indonesia was awarded the right to host the subsequent FIFA U-20 World Cup instead. [255] Notable deaths • Abdul Gafur, ex Minister of Youth and Sports [256] • Adang Sudrajat, member of the People's Representative Council [257] • Adi Darma, ex mayor of Bontang [258] • Alex Hesegem, ex vice governor of Papua [259] • Ali Jaber, preacher [a] [260] • Ali Taher, member of the People's Representative Council [261] • Amris, vice mayor of Dumai [262] • Anicetus Bongsu Antonius Sinaga, bishop [263] • Aptripel Tumimomor, regent of North Morowali [264] • Aria Baron, guitarist [265] • Arief Harsono, businessman [266] • Aswin Efendi Siregar, ex vice regent of South Tapanuli [267] • Bahrum Daido, ex vice regent of Luwu [268] covid-19 indonesia Bambang Suryadi, member of the People's Representative Council [269] • Bens Leo, journalist [270] • Burhan Abdurahman, ex mayor of Ternate [271] • Clara Eunike, member of Shojo Complex [272] • Dadang Hawari, psychiatrist [273] • Dadang Wigiarto, regent of Situbondo [274] • Dani Anwar, member of Regional Representative Council [275] • Dorce Gamalama, singer, actress, and comedian [276] • Dudu Duswara, justice of the Supreme Court [277] • Edward Antony, vice regent of Way Kanan [278] • Edy Oglek, comedian [279] • Eka Supria Atmaja, regent of Bekasi [280] • Eliaser Yentji Sunur, regent of Lembata [281] • Enny Sri Hartati, economist [266] • Farida Pasha, actress [282] • Ferdy Nico Yohannes Piay, Indonesia's vice ambassador for India [283] • Frans Volva, esports comentator [284] • Frederik Batti Sorring, ex regent of North Toraja [285] • Fuad Alkhar, actor and comedian [286] • Gatot Sudjito, member of the People's Representative Council [287] • Gusli Topan Sabara, vice regent of Konawe [288] • Gusur Adhikarya, writer [266] • Harmoko, ex Minister of Information [289] • Hasyim Afandi, ex regent of Temanggung [290] • Ibnu Saleh, inactive regent of Central Bangka [291] • Imam Suroso, member of the People's Representative Council [292] • Jalaludin Rakhmat, member of the People's Representative Council [293] • Jane Shalimar, actress [266] • Jimmy Demianus Ijie, member of the People's Representative Council [294] • John Siffy Mirin, member of the People's Representative Council [295] • Juliadi, mayor-elect of Binjai [296] • Junaedi Salat, actor covid-19 indonesia • Koes Hendratmo, singer [298] • Kuryana Azis, regent of Ogan Komering Ulu [299] • Lukman Niode, swimming athlete [300] • Mahyuddin N.

S., ex governor of South Sumatra [301] • Malkan Amin, candidate for regent of Barru [302] • Manteb Soedharsono, puppeteer [303] • Masriadi Martunus, ex regent of Tanah Datar [304] • Masud Yunus, mayor of Mojokerto [305] • Mochammad Soufis Subri, vice mayor of Probolinggo [306] • Mohamad Assegaf, lawyer covid-19 indonesia • Muhammad Amin, ex vice governor of West Nusa Covid-19 indonesia [307] • Muharram, regent of Berau [308] • Muladi, ex Minister of Justice [309] • Muslihan Diding Sutrisno, ex regent of North Bengkulu [310] • Muspandi, member of Regional People's Representative Council [311] • Naek L.

Tobing, physician, sexologist, and writer [312] • Nadjmi Adhani, mayor of Banjarbaru [313] • Nasrul Abit, ex vice governor of West Sumatra [314] • Neneng Anjarwati, singer [315] • Nur Achmad Syaifuddin, acting regent of Sidoarjo [316] • Nur Supriyanto, member of Regional People's Representative Council [317] • Pollycarpus Budihari Priyanto, murderer of Munir Said Thalib [318] • Rachmawati Sukarnoputri, politician and daughter of Sukarno [319] • Raditya Oloan Panggabean, pastor and influencer [a] [320] • Raja'e, vice regent of Pamekasan [a] [321] • Rina Gunawan, actress [322] • Ronggur Sihombing, film director [323] • Rossalis Rusman Adenan, Indonesia's ambassador for Sudan [324] • Saefullah, regional secretary of Jakarta [325] • Sugiharto, ex Minister of State Owned Enterprises [326] • Soepriyatno, member of the People's Representative Council [327] • Soraya Abdullah, actress [328] • Steven Nugraha, singer and vocalist of Steven & Coconut Treez [329] • Subiakto Tjakrawerdaya, ex Minister of Cooperatives and Small Business [330] • Sudjati, regent of Bulungan [331] • Syahrul, mayor of Tanjungpinang [332] • Syamsuddin Mahmud, ex governor of Aceh [333] • Tasiman, ex regent of Pati [334] • Tengku Zulkarnain, cleric [335] • Thohari Aziz, vice mayor of Balikpapan [336] • Thoriq Husler, regent-elect of East Luwu [337] • Umbu Landu Paranggi, poet [338] • Wikan Satriati, writer [339] • Yasin Payapo, regent of West Seram [340] • Yopie Latul, singer [341] Notes • ^ a b c d e f "Peta Sebaran" (in Indonesian).

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covid-19 indonesia

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covid-19 indonesia

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covid-19 indonesia

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covid-19 indonesia

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covid-19 indonesia

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"Mantan Wakil Gubernur NTB Muhammad Amin Meninggal Dunia Terpapar Covid-19". SindoNews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 6 August 2021.

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Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 9 August 2021. • ^ "Positif COVID-19, penyanyi Yopie Latul meninggal dunia". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 9 September 2020 covid-19 indonesia. Retrieved 9 September 2020. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. • Latest Updates on the Coronavirus cases in Indonesia – Ministry of Health of Indonesia • CoronaTracker – Statistics on the coronavirus cases in Indonesia • Coronavirus COVID-19 Global Cases • historical data by Johns Hopkins University • Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations • Coronavirus Tech Handbook • COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund covid-19 indonesia Covid Watch • EcoHealth Alliance • International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses • Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation • MusiCares COVID-19 Relief Fund • Pasteur Institute • in Cambodia • UN COVID-19 Supply Chain Task Force (WHO) • United Nations • resolutions • World Health Organization By location • Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (African Union) • Ghana Infectious Disease Centre (Ghana) • Department of Health (Hong Kong) • Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (South Korea) • National Institute for Communicable Diseases (South Africa) • Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (Taiwan) Pandemic institutes • National COVID-19 Commission Advisory Board (Australia) • COVID-19 Immunity Task Force (Canada) • Covid-19 indonesia Supply Council (Canada) • PREPARE (European Union) • National Expert Group covid-19 indonesia Vaccine Administration for COVID-19 (India) • COVID-19 Response Acceleration Task Force (Indonesia) • National Public Health Emergency Team (Ireland) • Novel Coronavirus Expert Meeting (Japan) • Crisis Preparedness and Response Centre (Malaysia) • Defeat COVID-19 Ad Hoc Committee (Philippines) • Inter-Agency Task Force for the Management of Emerging Infectious Diseases (Philippines) • Central Epidemic Command Center (Taiwan) • Coronavirus Scientific Advisory Board (Turkey) • COVID-19 Genomics UK Consortium (United Kingdom) • Imperial College COVID-19 Response Team (United Kingdom) • Joint Biosecurity Centre (United Kingdom) • Vaccine Taskforce (United Kingdom) • COVID-19 Advisory Board (United States) • Great American Economic Revival Industry Groups (United States) • White House Coronavirus Task Force (United States) • White House COVID-19 Response Team (United States) • GACH (Uruguay) Relieve funds • Awang Bulgiba Awang Mahmud • Roberto Burioni • Chen Wei • Kizzmekia Corbett • Andrea Crisanti • Peter Daszak • Christian Drosten • Neil Ferguson • Dale Fisher • George F.

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Coordinator of Expert Team and Spokesperson for the COVID-19 Handling Task Force Covid-19 indonesia. Wiku Adisasmito said that the adjustment to the control mechanism for international travel is urgently needed. "The COVID-19 policy must also be adaptive with the dynamics of the virus, including the dynamics of its variants that occur globally," Covid-19 indonesia said.

1. International Travel Here are the new international travel regulations according to the Circular Letter of the COVID-19 Task Force Number 17 of 2022 concerning Health Protocol for International Travel during the COVID-19 Pandemic, which has been signed and came into effect since 6 April 2022: 1 - All International travelers, both Covid-19 indonesia citizens and foreign nationals can enter Indonesia through the entry points assigned, which are: a.

Airports i. Soekarno Hatta International Airport, Banten; ii. Juanda International Airport, East Java; iii. Ngurah Rai International Airport, Bali; iv. Hang Nadim International Airport, Riau Islands; v. Raja Haji Fisabilillah International Airport, Riau Islands; vi. Sam Ratulangi International Airport, North Sulawesi; vii. Zainuddin Abdul Madjid International Airport, West Nusa Tenggara; viii. Kualanamu International Airport, North Sumatra; ix.

Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport, South Sulawesi; and x. Yogyakarta International Airport in Yogyakarta. b. Harbors i. Tanjung Benoa, Bali; ii.

covid-19 indonesia

Batam, Riau Islands; iii. Tanjung Pinang, Riau Islands; iv. Bintan, Riau Islands; v. Nunukan, North Kalimantan; vi. Tanjung Balai Karimun, Riau Islands; and vii. Dumai, Riau. viii. Tarempa, Riau Islands c. Cross Border State i. Aruk, West Kalimantan; ii. Entikong, West Kalimantan; and iii. Motaain, East Nusa Tenggara. 2 - International travelers are permitted to enter Indonesia by continuing to take part in the strict health protocol implemented covid-19 indonesia the government.

3 - Covid-19 indonesia nationals can enter Indonesia with the following criterias: a) In accordance with the covid-19 indonesia regulations issued by the Ministry of Law and Human Rights b) According to the agreement schemes (bilateral), such as travel corridor arrangement (TCA); and/or c) Granted special considerations/permissions in writing from the Ministry/Institution.

4 - Requirements to enter Indonesia through the specified entry points are as follows : a) Comply with the provisions of the health protocol set by the government; b) International travelers must download PeduliLindungi app, install, and fill in the requirements before departure; c) Show cards or certificates (physical and digital) of having received a complete dose of COVID-19 vaccine consisting of two doses and/or a booster (third) vaccine which are administered 14 days before departure at the earliest as a requirement to enter Indonesia with the following conditions: i.

Indonesian citizens must show proof (physical and digital) of having received a complete dose of COVID-19 vaccine consisting of two doses and/or a booster (third) vaccine as a requirement to enter Indonesia, and in the event that the Indonesian citizens have not received vaccine abroad, they will be vaccinated in the quarantine place in Indonesia after a second RT-PCR examination with negative results; Kindly note that the Indonesian government accepts all kinds of COVID-19 vaccine administered to international travelers; ii.

In the event of foreign nationals have not received vaccine abroad, they will be vaccinated in the quarantine place upon arrival in Indonesia after a second RT-PCR examination with negative results, with the following conditions: a.

Foreign nationals are 6-17 years old; b. Diplomatic residence permit and official residence permits holders; and/or c. Limited residence card holder (KITAS) and permanent residence card holder (KITAP) iii. Foreign nationals who are already in Indonesia and will travel, both domestically and internationally, are required to vaccinate through program schemes or mutual cooperation according to the laws and regulation; iv.

Proof (physical and digital) of having received a complete dose of COVID-19 vaccine as a requirement for entering Indonesia must be written in English other than the language of the country/region of origin of arrival. d) The obligation to show proof (physical and digital) of COVID-19 vaccination certificates as requirements for entering Indonesia are excluded to: i.

Diplomatic visa holders and work visas related to official visit/state officials at the ministerial level or above and foreign nationals who entered Indonesia with the Travel Corridor Arrangement scheme, according to the principle of reciprocity while implementing a strict health protocol; and ii.

Foreign nationals who have not yet received COVID-19 vaccination and intends to travel domestically and continue with the intention of following international flights out of the Republic of Indonesia are allowed not to show COVID-19 vaccination proof as long as they are not exiting the airport area during transit waiting for international flights with requirements as follows: 1. They have been permitted by the local Port Health Office to carry out domestic covid-19 indonesia with the intention of continuing their flight out of Indonesia; and 2.

Presenting flight ticket schedules outside Indonesia for direct transit from the city of departure to the international airport in the Republic of Indonesia with the final destination to the destination country. iii. Foreign nationals under 18 years old; and covid-19 indonesia. International travelers with special health conditions or comorbid diseases that cause travelers cannot receive vaccines, with the requirements of presenting a doctor's certificate from the State Departure Hospital which states that the concerned person has not been and/or cannot receive Covid-19 indonesia vaccination.

e) Show the negative results through the RT-PCR test in the country/region of origin with sample taken within a maximum of 2 x 24 hours before departure and attached during the health examination upon arrival According to Addendum of Circular Letter of the COVID-19 Task Force Number 17 of 2022 concerning Health Protocol for International Travel during the COVID-19 Pandemic, as of 19 April 2022, foreign nationals who come from Singapore and have settled in the country for at least 14 days and enter through Riau Islands entry points, as well as having received the second or third dose of vaccine, the following requirements apply: i.

Show a negative result of the rapid antigen test for which the sample is taken within a maximum period of 1 x 24 hours before departure; or ii. Show a negative RT-PCR results which samples were taken within 2 x 24 hours before departure and attached during medical examination. f) In the event of international travelers is planning to conduct a centralized quarantine by self-financing, they must show booking confirmation from the accommodation providers while in Indonesia; g) International travelers who have been confirmed COVID-19 positive maximum 30 days before departure and have been declared inactive in transmitting COVID-19 are excluded from the obligation to show a COVID-19 vaccination card/certificate and negative pre-departure RT-PCR results.

However, international travelers covid-19 indonesia required to attach a doctor's certificate or COVID-19 recovery certificate from the Government Hospital of the country of departure or the Ministry of Health in the country of departure stating that the person concerned is no longer actively transmitting COVID-19. h) International travelers with the status of foreign citizen must attach proof of health insurance ownership which includes financing of COVID-19 handling and medical evacuation towards a referral hospital with a minimum coverage value according to the organizers, managers, or local government; i) Upon arrival at the entry points, international travelers must undergo a COVID-19 symptom check, including a body temperature check, with the following conditions: i.

If there is a symptom of COVID-19 or body temperature above 37.5 degrees Celsius: must undergo RT-PCR examination upon arrival with payment borne by the government for Indonesian citizen and by self-financing for foreign nationals ii. If there is no symptom of COVID-19 and body temperature is below 37.5 degrees Celsius: no need to undergo RT-PCR examination upon arrival and continue their travel with these requirements below : 1) For international travelers who have not yet received vaccination or have received the 1st dose of COVID-19 vaccine at least 14 (fourteen) days before departure must undergo 5 x 24 hours quarantine with mandatory RT-PCR test on day 4; 2) For international travelers who have received the 2nd or 3rd dose of COVID-19 vaccine at least 14 (fourteen) days before departure are allowed to resume their travel; 3) For international travelers under 18 years of age and require special protection, the duration of quarantine follows the provisions imposed on their parents or caregivers/travel companions; 4) For international travelers with special health conditions or comorbid diseases that cause travelers cannot receive vaccines, with the requirements of presenting a doctor's certificate from the State Departure Hospital which states that the concerned person has not been and/or cannot receive COVID-19 vaccination.

j) After RT-PCR sampling upon arrival as mentioned in 4.i.i, the international travelers may continue with: i. Inspection of immigration documents and customs documents; ii. Baggage collection and baggage disinfection; iii. Pick up and drop off directly to the hotel, lodging accommodation, or place of residence; iv. Waiting for the results of the RT-PCR examination in hotel rooms, rooms at lodging accommodations, or places of residence; and v.

It is not allowed to leave the hotel room or accommodation room before the RT-PCR test results show a negative result. k) In the event that the results of the RT-PCR examination upon arrival at the entry point as mentioned in 4.i.i, show negative results, then it will be followed up with the following covid-19 indonesia i.

For international travelers who have not yet received vaccination or have received the 1st dose of COVID-19 vaccine at least 14 (fourteen) days before departure must undergo 5 x 24 hours quarantine with mandatory RT-PCR test on day 4; ii. For international travelers who have received the 2nd or 3rd dose of COVID-19 vaccine at least 14 (fourteen) days before departure are allowed to resume their travel; iii.

For international travelers under 18 years of age and require special protection, the duration of quarantine follows the provisions imposed on their parents or caregivers/travel companions; iv.

For international travelers with special health conditions or comorbid diseases that cause travelers cannot receive vaccines, with the requirements of presenting a doctor's certificate from the Covid-19 indonesia Departure Hospital which states that the concerned person has not been and/or cannot receive COVID-19 vaccination.

l) In the event that the results of RT-PCR re-examination upon arrival as referred to in letter k.ii and k.iv above show negative results, Indonesian citizens and foreign nationals are allowed to continue the journey and will be recommended to conduct an independent health monitoring for 14 days and must follow health protocol; m) In the event that the results of RT-PCR re-examination upon arrival as mentioned in 4.i.i show positive results, continue with the following provision: i.

If asymptomatic or experiencing mild symptoms, isolation or treatment is carried out in isolation hotels or centralized isolation facilities set by the government; or ii. If accompanied by moderate or severe symptoms, and/or with covid-19 indonesia comorbidities, isolation or treatment at a COVID-19 referral hospital is carried out; iii.

The cost of isolation/treatment for foreigners is borne independently, while for Indonesian citizens it is borne by the government. n) The quarantine obligation as referred to in letter 4.i.ii.1) is carried out with the following conditions: i.

Indonesian citizens, namely Indonesian Migrant Workers (PMI); students who have finished education; or civil servants who returned from the Foreign Service journey, in accordance with the Decree of the Chairperson of the COVID-19 Handling Task Force Number 14 of 2021 concerning Entry Points, Quarantine Places, and RT-PCR Obligations for Indonesian Citizens of International Travelers at costs borne by the government; and ii.

Indonesian citizens beyond the criteria covid-19 indonesia referred to in number i must undergo a self-funded quarantine in accommodation sites; and, iii. Foreign nationals, including foreign diplomats, outside the head of a foreign covid-19 indonesia and the family of foreign representatives must undergo a self-funded quarantine covid-19 indonesia accommodation sites.

o) For international travelers who have not yet received vaccination or have received the 1st dose of COVID-19 vaccine at least 14 (fourteen) days before departure must undergo 5 x 24 hours quarantine with mandatory RT-PCR test on day 4 p) In the event that the results of RT-PCR re-examination as mentioned in letter o show negative results, Indonesian citizens and foreign nationals are allowed to continue the journey and will be recommended to conduct an independent health monitoring for 14 days and must follow health protocol; q) In the event of RT-PCR tests as referred to in letter o show positive results: i.

Those who are asymptomatic or have mild symptoms, shall be isolated in a hotel or centralized isolation facility at the expense of being borne independently for foreign nationals and borne by the government for Indonesian citizens; and ii. Those who show moderate or severe symptoms, and/or with uncontrolled comorbidities, shall be isolated in a COVID-19 referral hospital at the expense of being borne independently for foreign nationals and borne by the government for Covid-19 indonesia citizens iii.

The cost of isolation/treatment for foreigners is borne independently, while for Indonesian citizens it is borne by the government. r) In the event that foreign nationals cannot finance their self-quarantine and/or hospital care, then sponsors, ministries / institutions / SOEs that provide consideration of entry permits for the foreigner can be held in question; s) RT-PCR examinations on 4.i.i and o, can be appealed for comparison test with written forms provided by the Port Health Office or the Ministry of Health and self financing from the international travelers who request it.

t) The comparison test on letter s, are conducted simultaneously by the Port Health Office at 2 different laboratories, for SGTF and RT-PCR comparison examinations, at these chosen places : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (Balitbangkes), Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Cipto Mangunkusumo (RSCM), Rumah Sakit Pusat Angkatan Darat Gatot Soebroto (RSPAD), Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara Raden Said Sukanto (RS.

Polri) atau laboratorium pemerintah lainnya (Balai Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan, Laboratorium Kesehatan Daerah, or other official government appointed laboratories; u) Port Health Office at International Airports and Seaports facilitate international travelers who needs emergency medical services upon their arrival in Indonesia according to the law and regulations applied; 5 - Quarantine accommodations are obligated to have recommendations from the COVID-19 Task Force and meet the CHSE protocols and criterias.

6 - Exceptions to the obligation of quarantine can be given to Indonesian citizens with emergency status, such as having life-threatening medical conditions, having a medical condition that requires specific attention, or grief towards the death of family members. 7 - Granting of dispensation on quarantine time reduction in times of emergency as referred to in number 13 must be submitted at least 3 days before the arrival in Indonesia to National COVID-19 Handling Task Force and can be given in selective ways, individually, and with limited quota based on the agreement of the coordination result between National COVID-19 Handling Task Force, Coordinating Ministry of Maritime and Investment, and the Ministry of Health.

8 - Health protocols must meet these requirements: a. Wearing 3 ply of fabric mask or medical grade mask, covering nose, mouth and chin; b. Replacing the mask regularly within every 4 hours, and dispose the waste in the proper place; c.

Washing hands regularly with water and soap or hand sanitizers; d. Maintaining social distance for a minimum of 1,5 meters and avoiding crowds. 2. Visa Exemption Arrangement facility and Visa on Arrival for Indonesia Furthermore, Based on the Circular Letter of the Directorate General of Immigration No. IMI-0549.GR.01.01 of 2022 concerning the Ease of Immigration to Support Sustainable Tourism during the COVID-19 Pandemic, the Indonesian government has decided to exercise the Visa Exemption Arrangement facility and Visa On Arrival (VOA) for tourism purposes effective from 6 April 2022.

Here are the list of ports of entry for VOA holders and Visa Exemption Arrangement Facility holders: • Immigration Checkpoints on Airports • Soekarno Hatta International Airport in DKI Jakarta, • Ngurah Rai International Airport in Bali, • Kualanamu International Airport in North Sumatra, • Juanda International Airport in East Java, • Hasanuddin International Airport in South Sulawesi, • Sam Ratulangi International Airport in North Sulawesi, dan • Yogyakarta International Airport in Yogyakarta, • Immigration Checkpoints on Seaports • Nongsa Bahari Terminal in the Riau Islands, • Batam Center in the Riau Islands, • Sekupang in the Riau Islands, • Citra Tri Tunas in the Riau Islands, • Marina Teluk Senimba in the Riau Islands, • Bandar Bentan Telani Lagoi in the Riau Islands, • Bandar Seri Udana Lobam in the Riau Islands, and • Sri Bintan Pura in the Riau Islands, • Immigration Checkpoints on Cross-Border Posts • Entikong covid-19 indonesia West Kalimantan, • Aruk in West Kalimantan, • Mota'in in East Nusa Tenggara, and • Tunon Taka in North Kalimantan; Below are the list of countries and special entities for Visa Exemption Arrangement facility in alphabetical order: • Brunei Darussalam, • Cambodia, • Laos, • Malaysia, • Myanmar, • Philippines, • Singapore, • Thailand, and • Vietnam.

Below are the list of countries and special entities for VOA, in alphabetical order: • Argentina • Australia • Belgium • Brazil • Brunei Darussalam • Cambodia • Canada • China • Denmark • Finland • France • Germany • Hungary • India • Italy • Japan • Laos • Malaysia • Mexico • Myanmar • Netherland • New Zealand • Norway • Philippines • Poland • Qatar • Saudi Arabia • Seychelles • Singapore • South Africa • South Korea • Spain • Sweden • Swiss • Taiwan • Thailand covid-19 indonesia Timor Leste • Tunisia • Türkiye • United Arab Emirates • United Kingdom • United States of America • Vietnam The regulations and details for VOA are listed as follows: 1.

International travelers must present all requirements for the VOA at the immigration counter, namely: a. A nationality passport which includes: i. Diplomatic Passport, ii. Service Passport, or iii. General Passport; With validity period of at least 6 (six) months; b. A return ticket or a connecting ticket to continue traveling to another country; c.

Proof of non-tax revenue payment in case of applying for a VOA for tourism purpose; and d. Proof of insurance ownership based on the requirement under the provisions from the COVID-19 Task Force. 2. Visa Exemption Arrangement for Tourism and VOA for tourism can be used by foreign nationals to carry out tourism activities or government duties in international activities of a state or government nature; 3.

In the event that the foreign national as referred to in number 3 will carry out government duties in international activities of a state or government nature, in addition to meeting the requirements as referred to in number 2 must also attach an invitation letter to attend a conference/trial/meeting issued by the related Ministry/Agency of the Republic of Indonesia; 4.

VOA for Tourism can also be granted to foreign nationals holding Diplomatic Passports or Service Passports who are not citizens of the State, Government of a Special Administrative Region of a State, and Certain Entities Subject to a VOA for Tourism in the event that there is no Representative of the Republic of Indonesia in the country/place of residence or emergency/urgent activities, by examining the following requirements: a.

Diplomatic Passport or Service Passport with a validity period of at least 6 (six) months, b. A return ticket or a one-way ticket to continue the journey to another country; c. Request letter from the Ministry/Agency/Agency of the Republic of Indonesia; d. Letter of approval from the Director General of Immigration; e. Proof of non-tax revenue payment for VOA for tourism; f. Proof of insurance ownership based on the requirement under the provisions from the COVID-19 Task Force; and g.

Invitation letter to attend conferences/trials/meetings issued by Ministries/Institutions/Agencies of the Republic of Indonesia, in terms of the intention of visiting foreigners for government duties in international activities of a state or government nature; 5. The approval letter from the Director General of Immigration as referred to in number 4 letter d is submitted by the chairs of the Ministry/Institution/Agency of the Republic of Indonesia to the Director General of Immigration u.p.

Director of Immigration Traffic by attaching: a. A request letter from the Ministry/Agency/Agency of the Republic of Indonesia containing data on foreign covid-19 indonesia and the reasons for the submission, b. Diplomatic Passport or Service Passport with a validity period of at least 6 (six) months, and c. A return ticket or a one-way ticket to continue the journey to another country; 6.

Foreign nationals holding Visa Exemption Arrangement for Tourism and VOA for tourism cannot apply for a New Stay Permit through a Visa application; 7.

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Foreign nationals holding Visa Exemption Arrangement for Tourism and VOA for tourism can leave the territory of Indonesia through all Immigration Checkpoints; 8. The applicable rate covid-19 indonesia a VOA for tourism is the rate for a Visa on Arrival as referred to in the Attachment to Government Regulation Number 28 of 2019 which is IDR 500,000,-; 9.

Perform data reconciliation between non-tax revenue payments, use of Visit Visa stickers on VOA for tourism with immigration crossings on a daily, weekly, and monthly basis; 3. E-Visa Passport holders outside the above listed categories in poin 2, can also enter Indonesia through entry points mentioned in point 1 by applying for e-visa prior to departure.

These new regulations are expected to minimize further risk of COVID-19 transmission in Indonesia, especially the new SARS-COV-2 B.1.1.529 variant. Lastly, it is also expected for all international travelers to practice healthy habits such as washing hands frequently, wearing a mask in public places, and implementing social distancing. Kindly note that this regulation changes dynamically in covid-19 indonesia to adapt to certain circumstances.

Be sure to follow us on Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, TikTok and Youtube to get an immediate update on the regulation in the future. *Disclaimer : This article was updated on April 20, 2022. Due to the dynamic nature of travel regulations, please stay updated and confirm your itinerary with your chosen travel providers. This is the official website of the Ministry of Tourism, Republic of Indonesia.

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