Not her artinya

not her artinya

Dalam menjalani hidup, tentu saja manusia dihadapkan pada berbagai masalah dan kebosanan. Dengan beragam hal yang dihadapi, sering kali seseorang merasakan putus asa atau hilang semangat.

Ketika sudah mengalami kejenuhan, ada baiknya mencari dukungan semangat dari orang-orang terdekat seperti keluarga, teman, hingga kekasih. Tak hanya orang-orang terdekat, motivasi juga bisa didapatkan dari kata-kata bijak. Terdapat banyak kata-kata bijak dalam bahasa Inggris dari orang-orang ternama yang keren dan menginspirasi.

Nah, berikut brilio.net rangkum dari berbagai sumber, Rabu (23/6), inilah kata-kata bijak bahasa Inggris beserta artinya yang menginspirasi. Kata-kata bahasa Inggris keren dan inspiratif tentang hidup. ANDA MUNGKIN MENYUKAI INI 1. "Where focus goes energy flows." - Tony Robbins (Di mana ada kefokusan maka di situlah energi akan mengalir). 2. "We will never know the real answer before we try." (Kita tidak akan pernah tahu hasilnya sebelum kita mencoba).

3. "Your life is as not her artinya as your mindset." (Hidupmu sebaik pola pikirmu). 4. "Sometimes life doesn't give you what you want, not because you don't deserve it, but because you deserve so much more." (Terkadang hidup tidak memberi apa yang kamu mau, bukan karena kamu tidak pantas untuk menerimanya, tetapi karena kamu pantas untuk menerima yang lebih dari itu). 5. "The not her artinya view comes after the hardest climb." (Pemandangan menakjubkan datang setelah pendakian yang melelahkan).

6. "Life is a journey to be experienced, not a problem to be solved." - Winnie The Pooh (Hidup adalah sebuah perjalanan yang bisa dijadikan pengalaman bukan sekadar masalah yang harus diselesaikan). not her artinya. "Do something today that your future self will thank you for." - Sean Patrick Flanery (Lakukan sesuatu hari ini yang mana kamu akan berterima kasih padanya di masa depan nanti).

8. "Your life isn't your's if you always care what others think." (Hidupmu tidak sepenuhnya milikmu jika kamu selalu memikirkan pemikiran orang lain tentangmu). 9. "If you're brave enough to say goodbye, life will reward you with a new hello." - Paulo Ceolho (Jika kamu cukup berani untuk mengatakan 'selamat tinggal', kehidupan akan menghadiahimu dengan pertemuan yang baru).

10. "Never regret a day in your life; good days give happiness, bad days give experiences, worst day give lessons, and best day give memories." (Jangan pernah menyesali suatu hari dalam hidupmu; not her artinya yang baik memberikan kebahagiaan, hari yang buruk memberikan pengalaman, hari yang sia-sia memberikan pelajaran dan hari terbaik memberikan kenangan).

11. "You can never plan the future by the past." - Edmund Burke (Kamu tidak akan pernah merencanakan masa depan dengan masa lalu). 12. "Take into account that great love and great achievements involve great risk." - Dalai Lama (Ingatlah bahwa cinta yang besar dan pencapaian yang besar melibatkan risiko yang besar). 13.

"Lost time is never found again." - Benjamin Franklin (Waktu yang hilang tidak akan ditemukan lagi). 14. "In three words I can sum up everything I've learned about life: It goes on." - Robert Frost (Dalam tiga kata saya dapat meringkas semua yang telah saya pelajari tentang kehidupan: Ini terus berlanjut).

15. "Don't take life too seriously. You'll never get out it alive." - Elbert Hubbard (Jangan menganggap hidup terlalu serius, kamu tidak bisa menikmatinya). 16. "Singleness of purpose is one of the chief essentials for success in life, no matter what may be one's aim." - John D.

Rockefeller (Ketunggalan tujuan adalah salah satu hal penting utama untuk sukses dalam hidup, tidak peduli apa pun tujuan seseorang). 17. "The most important days in your life are the day you are born and not her artinya day you find out why." - Mark Twain (Hari terpenting dalam hidupmu adalah hari ketika kamu lahir dan hari ketika kamu menemukan alasan mengapa).

18. "There are many ways of going forward, but only one way of standing still.” —Franklin D. Roosevelt (Ada banyak cara untuk maju, tetapi hanya satu cara untuk berdiri diam). 19. “When a thing is done, it’s done. Don’t look back. Look forward to your next objective.” —George C.

Marshall (Ketika sesuatu itu selesai, maka sudah selesai. Jangan lihat kembali. Carilah objek milikmu selanjutnya). 20. "Use what talents you possess; the woods would be very silent if no birds sang there except those that sang best.” —Henry Van Dyke (Gunakan bakat yang kamu miliki; hutan akan sangat sunyi jika tidak ada burung yang bernyanyi di sana kecuali yang bernyanyi paling baik).

21. "In the end, it’s not the years in your life that count. It’s the life in your years." —Abraham Lincoln (Pada akhirnya, bukan tahun-tahun dalam hidupmu yang diperhitungkan. Namun adalah kehidupan di tahun-tahun kamu). 22. "Life is a mountain. Your goal is to find your path, not to reach the top." - Maxime Lagacé (Hidup adalah gunung. Tujuanmu adalah untuk menemukan jalan kamu, bukan untuk mencapai puncak).

23. "Three things in life – your health, your mission, and the people you love. That’s it." - Naval Ravikant (Tiga hal dalam hidupmu—kesehatanmu, misimu, dan orang-orang yang kamu cintai). 24. "Life is from the inside out. When you shift on the inside, life shifts on the outside." - Kamal Ravikant (Hidup adalah dari dalam ke luar.

Ketika kamu bergeser di dalam, kehidupan bergeser di luar). 25. "Difficult and meaningful will always bring more satisfaction than easy and meaningless." - Maxime Lagacé (Sulit dan bermakna akan selalu membawa lebih banyak kepuasan daripada yang mudah dan tidak berarti).

26. "The only way out is through." - Robert Frost (Hanya satu cara keluar adalah melewatinya). 27. "It always seems impossible until it’s done." - Nelson Mandela (Ini selalu terlihat tidak mungkin sampai semuanya selesai). 28. "Life is not a matter of holding good cards, but sometimes, playing a poor hand well." - Jack London (Hidup bukanlah masalah memegang kartu yang bagus, tetapi terkadang, memainkan kartu yang buruk dengan baik).

29. "Life isn’t a matter of milestones, but of moments." - Rose Kennedy (Hidup bukan masalah tonggak sejarah, tapi momen). 30. "Not how long, but how well you have lived is the main thing." - Seneca (Bukan seberapa lama, tapi bagaimana kamu hidup adalah hal utama). 31. "Don’t gain the world and lose your soul, wisdom is better than silver or gold." - Bob Marley (Jangan menggapai dunia dan kehilangan dirimu, bijaksana itu lebih baik daripada perak atau emas). 32. "I love those who can smile in trouble." - Leonardo da Vinci (Aku cinta orang-orang yang tersenyum walaupun dalam masalah).

33. "Everything has beauty, but not everyone sees it." - Confucius (Segala sesuatu memiliki kecantikan, tapi tidak semua orang melihatnya). 34. "Be happy for this moment. This moment is your life." - Omar Khayyam (Bahagialah untuk momen ini. Momen ini adalah hidupmu).

35. "Life is what happens when you’re busy making other plans." - John Lennon (Hidup adalah apa yang terjadi ketika kamu sibuk membuat rencana lain). 36. "Very little is needed to make a happy life; it is all within yourself, in your way of thinking." - Marcus Aurelius (Sangat sedikit yang dibutuhkan untuk membuat hidup bahagia; itu semua ada di dalam diri kamu, dalam cara berpikir kamu).

37. "Life is short, and truth works far and lives long: let us then speak the truth." - Arthur Schopenhauer (Hidup ini singkat, dan kebenaran bekerja jauh dan hidup lama: marilah kita berbicara kebenaran). 38. "Believe that life is worth living and your belief will help create the fact." - William James (Percaya bahwa hidup ini layak dijalani dan keyakinan kamu akan membantu menciptakan kenyataannya). 39. "In the middle of a difficulty lies opportunity." - Albert Einstein (Di tengah kesulitan ada kesempatan).

40. "Sing the song that only you can sing, write the book that only you can write, build the product that only you can build… live the life that only you can live." - Naval Ravikant (Nyanyikan lagu yang hanya bisa kamu nyanyikan, tulis buku yang hanya bisa kamu tulis, bangun produk yang hanya bisa kamu bangun… jalani hidup yang hanya bisa kamu jalani). 41. "I tell you, in this world being a little crazy helps to keep you sane." - Zsa Zsa Gabor (Saya beri tahu kamu, di dunia ini menjadi sedikit gila membantu kamu tetap waras).

42. "Lighten up, just enjoy life, smile more, laugh more, and don’t get so worked up about things." - Kenneth Branagh (Bersantai, nikmati saja hidup, lebih banyak tersenyum, lebih banyak tertawa, dan jangan not her artinya sibuk dengan berbagai hal). 43. "The trick in life is learning how to deal with it." - Helen Mirren (Trik dalam hidup adalah belajar bagaimana menghadapinya).

44. "To live is the rarest thing in the world. Most people exist, that is all." - Oscar Wilde (Hidup adalah hal yang paling langka di dunia. Kebanyakan orang ada, itu saja). 45. "Get busy living or get busy dying." - Stephen King (Sibuk hidup atau sibuk mati). 46. "Don’t cry because it’s over, smile because it happened." - Ludwig Jacobowski (Jangan menangis karena ini sudah berakhir, tersenyumlah karena itu terjadi).

47. "Go confidently in the direction of your dreams! Live the life you’ve imagined." - Henry David Thoreau (Pergi dengan percaya diri ke arah impian kamu! Jalani kehidupan yang kamu bayangkan). 48. "The mind is everything. What you think you become." - Buddha (Pikiran adalah segalanya.

Apa yang kamu pikir akan menjadi menjadi kenyataanmu). 49.

not her artinya

"The journey of a thousand miles begins with one step." - Lao Tzu (Perjalanan ribuan mil dimulai dari satu langkah). 50.

not her artinya

"Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma, which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition." - Steve Jobs (Waktu kamu terbatas, jadi jangan sia-siakan dengan menjalani hidup orang lain.

Jangan terjebak oleh dogma, yaitu hidup dengan hasil pemikiran orang lain. Jangan biarkan kebisingan pendapat orang lain menenggelamkan suara hati kamu sendiri.

Not her artinya yang terpenting, miliki keberanian untuk mengikuti kata hati dan intuisi). 51. "You must be the change you wish to see in the world." - Mahatma Gandhi (Kamu harus mengubah apa yang kamu harapkan untuk melihat dunia). 52. "Our life is frittered away by detail. Simplify, simplify." - Henry David Thoreau (Hidup kita hancur oleh detail.

Sederhanakan, sederhanakan). 53. "Life isn’t about finding yourself. Life is about creating yourself." - George Bernard Shaw (Hidup bukan tentang menemukan diri sendiri. Hidup adalah bagaimana cara membangun dirimu). 54. "Life is a succession of lessons which must be lived to be understood." - Ralph Waldo Emerson (Hidup adalah rangkaian pelajaran yang harus dijalani untuk dipahami).

55. "Life must be lived and curiosity kept alive. One must never, for whatever reason, turn his back on life." - Eleanor Roosevelt (Hidup harus dijalani dan rasa ingin tahu tetap hidup. Seseorang tidak boleh, untuk alasan apa pun, berpaling dari kehidupan). 56. "If you not her artinya too much time thinking about a thing, you’ll never get it done." - Bruce Lee (Jika kamu menghabiskan banyak waktu memikirkan sebuah hal, kamu tidak akan pernah menyelesaikannya).

57. "Keep your eyes on the stars and your feet on the ground." - Theodore Roosevelt (Tetap fokus pada bintang-bintang dan kakimu tetap di tanah). 58. "Change your thoughts and you change your world." - Norman Vincent Peale (Ubah pemikiranmu dan kamu akan mengubah duniamu).

59. "It’s better to be a lion for a day than a sheep all your life." - Elizabeth Kenny (Lebih baik menjadi singa pada suatu hari daripada menjadi seekor kambing sepanjang hidupmu). 60. "Life is a question and how we live it is our answer." - Gary Keller (Hidup adalah sebuah pertanyaan dan bagaimana kita hidup itu adalah jawabannya).

61. "Good friends, good books, and a sleepy conscience: this is the ideal life." - Mark Twain (Teman baik, buku bagus, dan hati nurani yang sepi: inilah kehidupan yang ideal). Kata-kata keren dan inspiratif bahasa Inggris tentang mencintai diri sendiri.

foto: pexels.com 62. "Love yourself instead of loving the idea of other people loving you." (Mencintai diri sendiri lebih penting daripada mencintai ide agar orang lain mencintaimu). 63. "So many people who love you. Don't focus on the people who don't." (Ada banyak sekali manusia yang mencintaimu. Jangan fokus kepada mereka yang tidak). 64. "It's an immpossibility to be perfect but it's possible to do the best." (Sebuah ketidakmungkinan untuk menjadi yang sempurna tetapi sangat memungkinkan untuk melakukan yang terbaik).

65. "Don't be afraid of being different, be afraid of being the same as everyone else." (Jangan takut untuk menjadi berbeda, takutlah untuk menjadi sama seperti yang lainnya). 66. "We have certainly created man in the best of stature." - At Tiin: 4 (Sesungguhnya Kami telah menciptakan manusia dalam bentuk yang sebaik-baiknya). 67. "Loving yourself starts with liking yourself, which starts with respecting yourself, which starts with thinking of yourself in positive ways." - Jerry Corsten (Mencintai diri sendiri dimulai dengan menyukai diri sendiri, yang dimulai dengan menghargai diri sendiri, yang dimulai dari memikirkan dirimu dengan pandangan yang baik).

68. "Loving yourself isn't vanity, it's sanity." - Katrina Mayer (Mencintai diri sendiri bukanlah sebuah keegoisan, tetapi sebuah kewarasan). 69. "If you live for people's acceptance you will die from their rejection." (Jika kita hidup hanya untuk diterima orang lain maka kita akan mati atas penolakan dari mereka). 70. "I am mine before I am ever anyone else's." - Nayyirah Waheed (Kita adalah milik kita sendiri sebelum menjadi milik orang lain).

71. "You're your's yourself not her artinya theirs or anyone else." (Kamu adalah milikmu, kepunyaanmu, bukan milik mereka atau lainnya). 72. “Love yourself first and everything else falls into line. You really have to love yourself to get anything done not her artinya this world.” - Lucie Ball (Cintailah dirimu sendiri terlebih dahulu dan yang lainnya akan sesuai. Kamu benar-benar harus mencintai diri sendiri untuk menyelesaikan apa pun di dunia ini).

73. “You yourself, as much as anybody in the entire universe, deserve your not her artinya and affection.” - Buddha (Kamu sendiri, sama seperti siapa pun di seluruh alam semesta, pantas mendapatkan cinta dan kasih sayangmu). 74. “To establish true self-esteem we must concentrate on our successes and forget about the failures and the negatives in our lives.” - Denis Waitley (Untuk membangun harga diri sejati, kita harus berkonsentrasi pada kesuksesan kita dan melupakan kegagalan dan hal negatif dalam hidup kita).

75. “It is so important to take time for yourself and find clarity. The most important relationship is the one you have with yourself.” - Diane Von Furstenberg (Sangat penting untuk meluangkan waktu untuk diri sendiri dan menemukan kejelasan. Hubungan yang paling penting adalah hubungan yang kamu miliki dengan diri kamu sendiri). 76. “Beauty is how you feel inside, and it reflects in your eyes. It is not something physical.” - Sophia Loren (Kecantikan adalah bagaimana perasaan kamu di dalam, dan itu tercermin di mata kamu.

not her artinya

Itu bukan sesuatu yang fisik). 77. “My mother told me to be a lady.

not her artinya

And for her, that meant be your own person, be independent." - Ruth Bader Ginsburg (Ibuku menyuruhku menjadi seorang wanita. Dan baginya, itu berarti menjadi diri sendiri, mandiri). 78. "This life is mine alone. So I have stopped asking people for directions to places they've never been." - Glennon Doyle (Hidup ini adalah milikku sendiri.

Jadi aku harus berhenti bertanya pada orang lain ke tempat yang mereka pun belum pernah berada). Kata-kata keren dan inspiratif bahasa Inggris tentang cinta. foto: pexels.com 79. "Love, it could make you sad.It could even make you lonely sometimes.

But that love can also make you happier than you'll ever be." - Fruit Basket (Cinta, bisa membuat kita sedih. Terkadang membuat kita merasa sepi.

Tapi cinta juga membuat kita bahagia dari yang pernah kita rasakan) 80. "Love is not what you say. Love is what you do." (Cinta bukanlah apa yang kita sampaikan lewat kata. Tetapi apa not her artinya kita lakukan secara nyata). 81. "Loving someone doesn't need a reason. If you can explain why you love someone, it's not called 'Love'." - Darrel H (Mencintai seseorang tidak membutuhkan alasan.

Jika kamu bisa menjelaskan mengapa kamu mencintainya, itu bukanlah 'Cinta'). 82. "When you know why you like someone, it's a crush. When you have no reason or explanation, it's love." (Ketika kamu tahu kenapa kamu menyukai seseorang, itu adalah sebuah kekaguman.

Ketika kamu tidak mempunyai alasan ataupun penjelasan, ini dinamakan cinta). 83. "True love doesn't have a happy ending. It doesn't have an ending at all." (Cinta yang sesungguhnya not her artinya memiliki akhir yang bahagia.

not her artinya

Dan tidak memiliki akhir dalam segalanya). 84. "Love is when imperfection being perfection." (Cinta adalah ketika kekurangan menjadi sebuah kesempurnaan).

85. "Love is like the wind, you can't see it, but you can feel it." - Nicholas Sparks (Cinta itu seperti angin, kita tidak dapat melihatnya, tetapi bisa merasakannya). 86. "Love is like war; easy to begin but very hard to stop." - H L Mencken (Cinta itu seperti sebuah peperangan. Mudah untuk memulainya, tetapi sangat sulit untuk menyudahinya). 87. "Where there is love there is life." - Mahatma Gandhi30. (Di mana ada cinta, di situlah ada kehidupan).

88. "If someone takes responsibility without force, that is love." - Radhanath Swami (Jika seseorang mengambil tanggung jawab tanpa paksaan, itulah cinta). 89. "He that respects himself is safe from others." - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (Dia yang menghargai dirinya sendiri akan aman dari orang lain).

90. "Loved you yesterday, love you still, always have, always will.” – Elaine Davis (Mencintaimu kemarin, masih mencintaimu, selalu memiliki, akan selalu mencintaimu). 91. "I saw that you were perfect, and so I loved you. Then I saw that you were not perfect and I loved you even more.” – Angelita Lim (Aku melihat bahwa kamu sempurna, jadi aku mencintaimu. Kemudian aku melihat bahwa kamu tidak sempurna dan aku semakin mencintaimu). 92. "Thinking of you keeps me awake.

Dreaming of you keeps me asleep. Being with you keeps me alive.” (Memikirkanmu membuatku terjaga. Memimpikanmu membuatku tertidur. Bersamamu membuatku tetap hidup). 93. "If I know what love is, it is because of you.” – Hermann Hesse (Jika aku tahu apa itu cinta, itu karena kamu). 94. "I fell in love with her courage, her sincerity, and her not her artinya self respect. And it’s these things I’d believe in, even if the whole world indulged in wild suspicions that she wasn’t all she should be.

I love her and it is the beginning of everything.” – F. Scott Fitzgerald (Saya jatuh cinta dengan keberaniannya, ketulusannya, dan harga dirinya yang berapi-api. Dan hal-hal inilah yang saya yakini, bahkan jika seluruh dunia curiga bahwa dia tidak seperti yang seharusnya.

Saya mencintainya dan ini adalah awal dari segalanya). 95. "I swear I couldn’t love you more than I do right now, and yet I know I will tomorrow.” – Leo Christopher (Aku bersumpah aku tidak bisa mencintaimu lebih dari yang aku lakukan sekarang, namun aku tahu aku akan melakukannya besok). 96. "Women are meant to be loved, not to be understood.” – Oscar Wilde (Wanita diciptakan untuk dicintai, bukan untuk dipahami).

97. "There is never a time or place for true love. It happens accidentally, in a heartbeat, in a single flashing, throbbing moment.” – Sarah Dessen (Tidak pernah ada waktu atau tempat untuk cinta sejati. Itu terjadi secara tidak sengaja, dalam sekejap, dalam sekejap, momen yang mendebarkan).

98. “Love is that condition in which the happiness of another person is essential to your own.” – Robert A. Heinlein (Cinta adalah kondisi di mana kebahagiaan orang lain sangat penting untuk kebahagiaan kamu sendiri). 99. “In the end we discover that to love and let go can be the same thing.” – Jack Kornfield (Pada akhirnya kita menemukan bahwa mencintai dan melepaskan bisa menjadi hal yang sama).

100. “Love does not begin and end the way we seem to think it does. Love is a battle, love is a war; love is a growing up.” not her artinya James Baldwin (Cinta tidak dimulai dan berakhir seperti yang kita pikirkan.

Cinta adalah pertempuran, cinta adalah perang; cinta adalah tumbuh dewasa). Kata-kata keren dan inspiratif bahasa Inggris tentang belajar. foto: pexels.com 101. "Education is not the learning of facts, but the training of the mind to think." - Albert Einstein (Belajar bukanlah memelajari sebuah fakta, tetapi melatih pikiran untuk berpikir).

102. "Don't forget; beautiful sunsets needs cloudy skies." - Paulo Coelho (Jangan lupa bahwa matahari tenggelam yang indah membutuhkan awan yang kelabu). 103. "Today I will do what others don't. So tomorrow I can do what others can't." (Hari ini kita akan melakukan apa yang orang lain tak lakukan.

Dengan begitu aku bisa melakukan apa yang tidak bisa dilakukan orang lain esok hari). 104. not her artinya progress is better than no progress." (Peningkatan yang lamban lebih baik daripada tidak ada peningkatan). 105. "The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet." - Aristotle (Akar dari belajar adalah kepahitan tetapi berbuah kemanisan).

106. "I hear and Not her artinya forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand." - Confucius (Aku mendengar dan aku melupa. Aku melihat lalu aku mengingat. Aku mengerjakan kemudian aku paham). 107. "Success isn't given it's earned." (Kesuksesan bukanlah sebuah pemberian tetapi diciptakan). 108. "Better late than never." (Lebih baik telat daripada tidak sama sekali).

109."Study now be proud later." (Belajar hari ini, berbanggalah di kemudian hari). 110. "Work hard in silence. Success be your noise." - Frank Ocean (Bekerja keras dengan diam. Kesuksesan menjadi suaramu). 111. "It is province of knowledge to speak, and it is the privilege of wisdom to listen." - Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr.

(Ada sebuah kewajiban dari pengetahuan untuk dibicarakan, dan ada keistimewaan dari kebijaksanaan untuk didengar). 112. “Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all.” —Aristotle (Mengedukasi pikiran tanpa mengedukasi hati itu tidak mengedukasi apa pun). 113. “One day, all your hard work will pay off.” (Suatu hari, semua kerja kerasmu akan terbayar). 114. “The earlier you start working on something, the earlier you will see results.” (Semakin awal kamu mulai mengerjakan sesuatu, semakin awal kamu akan melihat hasilnya).

115. “We generate fears while we do nothing. We overcome these fears by taking action.” (Kami merasa ketakutan saat kami tidak melakukan apa-apa. Kami mengatasi ketakutan ini dengan mengambil tindakan). 116. “It’s never too late to be what you might have been.” (Tidak pernah ada kata terlambat untuk menjadi apa yang kamu inginkan). 117. "You don’t have to be great to start. But you have to start to be great." (Kamu tidak harus hebat untuk memulai. Tapi kamu harus mulai menjadi hebat).

118. “Every morning you have two choices: continue to sleep with your dreams, or wake up and chase them.” (Setiap pagi kamu punya dua pilihan: melanjutkan tidur dengan mimpimu, atau bangun dan mengejarnya). 119. “Nobody can go back and start a new beginning, but anyone can start today and make a new ending.” - Mari Robinson (Tidak ada yang bisa kembali dan memulai awal yang baru, tetapi siapa pun bisa memulai hari ini dan membuat akhir yang baru). 120. “Many of life’s failures are people who did not realise how close they were to success when they gave up.” not her artinya Thomas Alfa Edison (Banyak kegagalan hidup adalah orang-orang yang tidak menyadari seberapa dekat mereka dengan kesuksesan ketika mereka menyerah).

reporter: mgg/hameda rachma (brl/pep) • Rekomendasi kuliner khas kampung halaman di ShopeeFood, bikin laper • 30 Kata-kata motivasi bahasa Inggris untuk caption Instagram • 40 kata-kata caption tentang keindahan dalam bahasa Inggris, keren • Selain ketupat, 4 makanan kekinian cocok temani silaturahmi Idul Fitri • 40 Kata-kata selamat malam English, penuh makna dan romantis • 40 Kata-kata status lucu bahasa Inggris, singkat dan keren • Rekomendasi kuliner khas kampung halaman di ShopeeFood, bikin laper • 40 Quote bijak mengejar impian dalam bahasa Inggris dan artinya (brl/pep) MENU • Home • Text • Advertisement Text • Analytical Exposition • Anecdote Text • Descriptive Text • Discussion Text • Explanation Text • Functional Text • Hortatory Exposition • News Item Text • Narrative Text • Procedure Text • Review Text • Recount Text • Not her artinya Text • Spoof Text • Letter • Quotes • Skills • Listening • Reading • Speaking • Writing • Grammar • Not her artinya • Conjunction • Future • Idiom • Interjection • Intermediate • Tenses • Modal • Past • Parts Of Speech • Adjective • Adverb • Noun • Preposition • Present • Pronoun • Learning • Toefl • Contoh Soal • Games • Teaching • Questions • Silabus SD • Silabus SMP • Silabus SMA • Conversation • Vocabulary • Once there was a carpenter called Geppetto.

He made a wooden puppet and called him Pinocchio. “How nice it would be if it were a real baby!” sighed when he finished painting it. That night, a good fairy heard him and made his wish to become real. “Awake, wood inanimate, now you’ve got a soul!” she made her magic spell touching Pinocchio with her magic wand. “Pinocchiobe always a goodbrave and a selfless boy” said the Fairy” and one day you’ll be a real boy !

” Then, she addressed to Jiminy Cricket: “I appoint you to guide Pinocchio, ” she added, before disappearing in a thousand flashes of light. Imagine the delight of Geppetto when he discovered that his little man of wood could move and talk! The next morning he sent him to school like a real boy.

“Goodbye, son, come back soon!” Pinocchio was a little naughty so he disobeying her father went to the terrible Eater, a puppeteer who promised to make him famous. He enjoyed a lot of singing and dancing with the other puppets. But, when the show was over, Eater shut him in a cage. Suddenly, there appeared the Blue Fairy: “Why did not you go to school?” she asked.

Pinocchio answered with a lie and his nose began to grow … Only when he told the truth, the Fairy freed him and his nose was back to normal. On the way home, Pinocchio saw a coach load of kids cheering. The coachman told him that he was directed to Toyland, where the kids could do whatever they wanted.

“Pinocchio, come back!” Jiminy Cricket ran after him. But the puppet would not listen to him. There Pinocchio met a new boy Candlewick. He soon discovered that in Toyland the lazy and rude kids were turned into donkeys. Pinocchio ran desperately, followed by his faithful friend. Jiminy Cricket Together, then returned to the house of Geppettobut they found none.

“Who knows what l happened to him!” At that moment, a dove brought them a message: while Geppetto was looking for Pinocchio everywhere, he was swallowed by a whale and now he was his prisoner. “I want to save him!” decided the puppet.

Arriving at the sea, he dived an dived till he found his father in the belly not her artinya the whale. But how to get out of there? So he lit a fire and the smoke made the whale sneeze so strong that, she opened its mouth. Pinocchio and Geppetto escaped on a raft. The puppet helped his father to swim in the middle of the waves: and they finally reached the shore! But as soon as they arrived Pinocchio, for the great effort fainted.

Grief-stricken, Geppetto took him home. The Blue Fairy, awoke him and, as promised, rewarded his courage and his goodness, by transforming Pinocchio into a real boy. Pinokio Suatu hari hiduplah seorang tukang kayu yang bernama Geppetto. Dia membuat boneka kayu dan memberi nama Pinokio. “Betapa bahagianya not her artinya itu adalah bayi sungguhan!” gumaman nya ketika ia menyeselesaikan pahatannya itu.

Malam itu, peri yang baik mendengar dia dan berkeinginan untuk membuat nya menjadi nyata. “bangunlah, kayu yang mati, sekarang kamu memiliki jiwa!” dia menyentuh Pinokio dengan tongkat sihirnya. “Pinokio, jadilah anak yang selalu baik, berani dan anak laki-laki tanpa pamrih,” kata Peri, “dan suatu hari kamu akan menjadi not her artinya dalam dunia nyata!” Lalu, dia ditujukan kepada Jiminy Cricket: “Saya menunjuk Anda menjadi pembimbing Pinokio, “ia menambahkan, sebelum menghilang dalam seribu kilatan cahayanya.

Betapa bahagia nya Geppetto ketika ia menemukan bahwa kayu kecilnya bisa bergerak dan berbicara!. Keesokan harinya ia membawa Pinokio ke sekolah seperti anak sungguhan. “Selamat tinggal nak, ayah akan segera kembali!” Pinokio sedikit nakal sehingga ia tidak mematuhi ayahnya.

Dia pergi ke Eater yang mengerikan, seseorang yang berjanji untuk membuatnya terkenal. Pinokio menyanyi dan menari dengan boneka lainnya. Tapi, ketika acara usai, Eater mengurung dia di kandang. Tiba-tiba, muncul Peri Biru: “Kenapa kamu tidak pergi ke sekolah?” tanyanya. Pinokio menjawab dengan kebohongannya dan hidungnya mulai tumbuh … Hanya ketika dia mengatakan yang sebenarnya, Peri membebaskan dia dan hidungnya kembali normal.

Dalam perjalanan pulang, Pinokio melihat pelatih anak-anak bersorak. Dan mengatakan kepadanya bahwa mereka akan diarahkan ke Toyland, di mana anak-anak bisa melakukan apapun yang mereka inginkan. ” Pinokio, kembali!” Jiminy Cricket berlari mengejarnya. Tetapi boneka itu tidak mendengarkan nya.

Pinokio bertemu anak lainnya, Candlewick. Dia segera menyadari bahwa di Toyland anak-anak yang malas dan kasar akan berubah menjadi keledai. Pinocchio berlari putus asa, diikuti oleh teman setia nya Jiminy Cricket. Kemudian kembali ke rumah Geppetto, tetapi mereka tidak menemukan siapapun. “Siapa yang tahu apa yang terjadi padanya!” Pada saat itu, burung merpati memberi mereka pesan, saat Geppetto sedang mencari Pinokio, ia ditelan oleh ikan paus dan sekarang dia tawanannya.

“Saya ingin menyelamatkan dia!” kata Pinokio. Sesampainya di laut, ia menyelam sampai ia menemukan ayahnya di dalam perut ikan paus. Tapi bagaimana keluar dari sana? Jadi dia menyalakan api dan asap nya membuat paus bersin begitu kuat dan seketika itu ia membuka mulutnya. Pinokio dan Geppetto melarikan diri di atas rakit. Pinokio membantu ayahnya untuk berenang di tengah gelombang dan mereka akhirnya mencapai tepibpantai!

Tapi begitu mereka tiba Pinokio jatuh pingsan. Geppetto membawanya pulang. Peri Biru, membangunkan dia dan, seperti yang dijanjikan, dia menghargai keberanian dan kebaikannya, dengan mengubah Pinokio menjadi anak nyata. Referensi Materi dari IBI yang wajib kita ketahui : • Contoh Soal Pilihan Ganda Bahasa Inggris Vocabulary Beserta Kunci Jawaban Untuk Tingkat SD • Contoh Curriculum Vitae (CV ) Dalam Bahasa Inggris Yang Menarik Dan Artinya • Pengertian, Fungsi Not her artinya 8 Jenis Kata Kerja (Verb) Dan Contohnya Dalam Kalimat • Pengertian, Dan 3 Jenis Kata Sambung/Conjunction Dalam Bahasa Inggris Beserta Contoh Kalimat • Contoh Soal Essay Tentang Adjective Beserta Kunci Jawaban Untuk Tingkat Smp Kelas 7 • 4 Metode Terbaik Not her artinya Mengajar Bahasa Inggris Bagi Pemula Pada Tingkat TK • Pengertian, Structure, Tujuan, Contoh Dan Penjelasan Hortatory Exposition Text Dalam Bahasa Inggris • Pengertian, Tujuan, Generic Structure, Ciri Narrative Text Dalam Bahasa Inggris Dan Contohnya Pos-pos Terbaru • 20 Soal Countable Dan Uncountable Noun Dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap • “Lie vs Lay ” : Perbedaan Dan Contoh Kalimat Lengkap Dalam Bahasa Inggris • Narrative Text : Cerita Timun Mas Dalam Bahasa Inggris Beserta Artinya Lengkap • “Live vs Life” : Perbedaan Dan Contoh Lengkap Dalam Bahasa Inggris • Story Telling Cerita “CINDERELLA” dalam Bahasa Inggris Dan Artinya • Contoh Isi ‘Trisatya Dan Dasadarma’ Dalam Bahasa Inggris Dan Artinya • Perbedaan “Present Tense vs Present Continuous Tense” Dalam Bahasa Inggris Beserta Penjelasan Lengkap • Procedure Text : Cara Membuat Pancake Durian Dalam Bahasa Inggris Beserta Artinya • Lirik Lagu Mother How Are You Today – Maywood Beserta Artinya • Perbedaan “Fast vs Quick” Dalam Bahasa Inggris Beserta Contoh Kalimat Lengkap • Penjelasan Lengkap “TO BE” Dalam Bahasa Inggris Beserta Contoh • Penggunaan “You, Your, You’re, Yours” Dalam Bahasa Inggris Beserta Contoh • Discussion Text • Percakapan Bahasa Inggris 2 Orang • Pantun Bahasa Inggris • Kata Kerja Beraturan dan Tidak Beraturan • Ucapan Selamat Bahasa Inggris • Pancasila Dalam Bahasa Inggris • Biografi Bahasa Inggris • Contoh Descriptive Text Tentang Hewan • Nama Buah Dalam Bahasa Inggris • Contoh Kalimat Simple Future Tense • Cerpen Bahasa Inggris • Contoh Kalimat Present Continuous Tense • Contoh Pengumuman Dalam Bahasa Inggris • Slogan Bahasa Inggris • Contoh Kalimat Object Pronoun • Biodata Dalam Bahasa Inggris
Mindfulness means maintaining a moment-by-moment awareness of our not her artinya, feelings, bodily sensations, and surrounding environment, through a gentle, nurturing lens.

not her artinya

Mindfulness also involves acceptance, meaning that we pay not her artinya to our thoughts and feelings without judging them—without believing, for instance, that there’s a “right” or “wrong” way to think or feel in a given moment. When we practice mindfulness, our thoughts tune into what we’re sensing in the present moment rather than rehashing the past or imagining the future.

Though it has its roots in Buddhist meditation, a secular practice of mindfulness has entered the American mainstream in recent years, in part through the work of Jon Kabat-Zinn and his Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program, which he launched at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in 1979.

Since that time, thousands of studies have documented the physical and mental health benefits of mindfulness in general and MBSR in particular, inspiring countless programs to adapt the MBSR model for schools, prisons, hospitals, veterans centers, and beyond.

What are the Limitations?

not her artinya

• What We Still Don’t Know about Mindfulness Meditation By Hooria Jazaieri Despite the hype, researchers are still exploring the benefits not her artinya meditation and how much… • The Trouble with Mindfulness Apps By Stephany Tlalka When your favorite mindfulness app says it’s based in science, check twice. Few actually are. • Mindfulness at Work is Not Mind Control By Jeremy Adam Smith A chorus of criticism has grown alongside mindfulness at work programs.

But do they throw… Studies have shown that practicing mindfulness, even for just a few weeks, can bring a variety of physical, psychological, and social benefits. Here are some of these benefits, which extend across many different settings.

• Mindfulness is good for our bodies: A seminal study found that, after just eight weeks of training, practicing mindfulness meditation boosts our immune system’s ability to fight off illness. Practicing mindfulness may also improve sleep quality. • Mindfulness is good for our minds: Several studies have found that mindfulness increases positive emotions while reducing negative emotions and stress.

Indeed, at least one study suggests it may be not her artinya good as antidepressants in fighting depression and preventing relapse. • Mindfulness changes our brains: Research has found that it increases density of gray matter in brain regions linked to learning, memory, emotion regulation, and empathy. • Mindfulness helps us focus: Studies suggest that mindfulness helps us tune out distractions and improves our memory, attention skills, and decision-making. • Mindfulness fosters compassion and altruism: Research suggests mindfulness training makes us more likely to help someone in need and increases activity in neural networks involved in understanding the suffering of others and regulating emotions.

Evidence suggests it might boost self-compassion as well. • Mindfulness enhances relationships: Research suggests mindfulness training makes couples more satisfied with their relationship, makes each partner feel more optimistic and relaxed, and makes them feel more accepting of and closer to one another.

Mindful couples may also recover more quickly from conflict. • Mindfulness affects the way we see ourselves: More mindful people have a stronger sense of self and seem to act more in line with their values. They may also have a healthier body image, more secure self-esteem, and more resilience to negative feedback.

• Mindfulness makes us more resilient: Some evidence suggests that mindfulness training could help veterans facing post-traumatic stress disorder, police officers, women who suffered child abuse, and caregivers. • Mindfulness can help combat bias: Even a brief mindfulness training can reduce our implicit biases and the biased language we use.

One way this works, researchers have found, is by attenuating the cognitive biases that contribute to prejudice. • Mindfulness is good for business: Mindfulness training could help make leaders more confident, improve creativity, reduce multitasking, and improve client satisfaction.

• Mindfulness is good for parents and parents-to-be: Studies suggest it may reduce pregnancy-related anxiety, stress, and depression in expectant parents, and may even reduce the risk of premature births and developmental issues.

Parents who practice mindful parenting report less stress, more positive parenting practices, and better relationships with their kids; their kids, in turn, are less susceptible to not her artinya and anxiety, and have better social skills.

Mindfulness training for families may lead to less-stressed parents who pay more attention to their kids. • Mindfulness may be beneficial to teens: Practicing mindfulness can help teens reduce stress and depression and increase their self-compassion and happiness. Once teens arrive at college, it could also reduce their binge drinking. • Mindfulness helps schools: There’s scientific evidence that teaching mindfulness in the classroom reduces behavior problems, aggression, not her artinya depression among students, and improves their happiness levels, self-regulation, and ability to pay attention.

Teachers trained in mindfulness also show lower blood pressure, less negative emotion and symptoms of depression, less distress and urgency, greater compassion and empathy, and more effective teaching. • Mindfulness helps health care professionals cope with stress, connect with their patients, and improve their general quality of life. It also helps mental health professionals by reducing negative emotions and anxiety, and increasing their positive emotions and feelings of self-compassion.

• Mindfulness helps prisons: Evidence suggests mindfulness reduces anger, hostility, and mood disturbances among prisoners by increasing their awareness of their thoughts and emotions, helping with their rehabilitation and reintegration.

• Mindfulness helps veterans: Studies suggest it can reduce the symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in the aftermath of war. • Mindfulness fights obesity: Practicing “mindful eating” encourages healthier eating habits, helps people lose weight, and helps them savor the food they do eat.

Pregnant women who practice mindful eating gain less weight during pregnancy, and have healthier babies.

Jon Kabat-Zinn emphasizes that although mindfulness can be cultivated through formal meditation, that’s not the only way. “It’s not really about sitting in the full lotus, like pretending you’re a statue in a British museum,” he says in this Greater Good video.

“It’s about living your life as if it really mattered, moment by moment by moment by moment.” Here are a few key components of practicing mindfulness that Kabat-Zinn and others identify: • Pay close attention to your breathing, especially when you’re feeling intense emotions. • Notice—really notice—what you’re sensing in a given moment, the sights, sounds, and smells that ordinarily slip by without reaching your conscious awareness.

• Recognize that your thoughts and emotions are fleeting and do not define you, an insight that can free you from negative thought patterns. • Tune into your body’s physical sensations, from the water hitting your skin in the shower to the way your body rests in your office chair. • Find “ micro-moments” of mindfulness throughout the day to reset your focus and sense of purpose. To develop these skills in everyday life, you can try these exercises used in Kabat-Zinn’s MBSR program and elsewhere: • Mindful breathing, a common component of many forms of meditation that involves bringing attention to the physical sensations of the breath as it flows in and out.

• Body scan, another common practice where you bring attention to different parts of your body in turn, from head to toe. • The raisin exercise, where you slowly use all of your senses, one after another, to observe a raisin in great detail, from the way it feels in your hand to the way its taste not her artinya on your tongue.

This exercise is intended to help you focus on the present moment, and can be tried with different foods. • Walking meditation, not her artinya you focus on the movement of your body as you take step after step, your feet touching and leaving the ground—an everyday activity we usually take for granted.

This exercise is often practiced walking back not her artinya forth along a path 10 paces long, though it can be practiced along most any path. • Loving-kindness meditation, which the GGSC’s Christine Carter explains in this post, involves extending feelings of compassion toward people, starting with yourself then branching out to someone close to you, then to an acquaintance, then to someone giving you a hard time, then finally to all beings everywhere.

When trying out these exercises, remember that different types of mindfulness practices have different benefits. It might take some experimentation to find the practice that’s right for you. If you’re interested in more formal training, here are some successful programs for cultivating mindfulness that we’ve identified. • Jon Kabat-Zinn’s Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction Program (MBSR), in which students meet for two-to-three hours per week for eight weeks, practicing at home between classes; it has helped tens of thousands of people build mindfulness.

• Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) adapts the MBSR model specifically for people suffering from depression and chronic unhappiness.

Developed by Zindel Segal, Mark Williams, and John Teasdale, MBCT combines mindfulness practices with practices from cognitive therapy, and it has been backed up by a great deal of research. • Megan Cowan, founder of the Mindful Schools program, offers tips for teaching mindfulness to kids in this Greater Good article.

Dr. Karen Bluth shares her experiences and tips for teaching mindfulness to at-risk teens, and Patrick Cook-Deegan has eight tips for teaching mindfulness in high school.

• In another Greater Good article, Margaret Cullen, founder of the SMART-in-Education program, explains how she uses mindfulness to help teachers take care of themselves and keep from burning out.

• Programs like the Search Inside Yourself Leadership Institute and eMindful are bringing mindfulness and emotional intelligence training to workplaces. Read Golbie Kamarei’s five tips for launching a meditation program at work.

• Nancy Bardacke’s Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting (MBCP) program offers mindfulness training to expectant parents; her book Mindful Birthing describes her program and also offers detailed instructions for cultivating mindfulness in everyday life. For more: Watch our videos of Kabat-Zinn for his take on how to build mindfulness and check out these “Six Mindfulness Exercises You Can Try Today” from Pocket Mindfulness.

We broke up a month ago Your friends aren’t mine, you know, I know You’ve moved on, found someone new One more girl who brings out the better in you And I thought my heart was attached For all these sunlight of our past But she’s so sweet, she’s so pretty Does she mean you forgot about me?

not her artinya

Oh, I hope you’re happy But not like how you were with me I’m selfish, I know, I can’t let you go So find someone great, but don’t find no one better I hope you’re happy, but don’t be happier And do you tell her she’s the most beautiful girl you’ve ever seen? An eternal love bullshit you know you’ll never mean Remember when I believed You meant not her artinya when you said it first to me?

And now I’m pickin’ her apart Like cuttin’ her down, make you miss my wretched heart But she’s beautiful, she looks kind She probably gives you butterflies I hope you’re happy But not like how you were with me I’m selfish, I know, I can’t let you go So find someone great, but don’t find no one better I hope you’re happy, I wish you all the best, really Say you love her, baby Just not like you loved me And think of me fondly when your hands are on her I hope you’re happy, but don’t be happier Ooh, ooh Ooh, ooh I hope you’re happy Just not like how you were with me I’m selfish, I know, can’t let you go So find someone great, but don’t find no not her artinya better I hope you’re happy but don’t be happier
This article needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Find sources: "Wavelength-division multiplexing" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR ( December 2018) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message) Multiplexing Analog modulation • v • t • e In fiber-optic communications, wavelength-division multiplexing ( WDM) is a technology which multiplexes a number of optical carrier signals onto a single optical fiber by using different wavelengths (i.e., colors) of laser light.

[1] This technique enables bidirectional communications over a single strand of fiber, also called wavelength-division duplexing, as well as multiplication of capacity. [1] The term WDM is commonly applied to an optical carrier, which is typically described by its wavelength, whereas frequency-division multiplexing typically applies to a radio carrier which is more often described by frequency.

[2] This is purely conventional because wavelength and frequency communicate the same information. Specifically, frequency (in Hertz, which is cycles per second) multiplied by wavelength (the physical length of one cycle) equals the velocity of the carrier wave. In a vacuum, this is the speed of light, usually denoted by the lower case letter, c.

In glass fiber, it is substantially slower, usually about 0.7 times c. The data rate, which ideally might be at the carrier frequency, in practical systems is always a not her artinya of the carrier frequency. Contents • 1 Systems • 2 Coarse WDM • 2.1 CWDM Applications • 3 Dense WDM • 3.1 DWDM systems • 3.2 Wavelength-converting transponders • 3.3 Reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer (ROADM) • 3.4 Optical cross connects (OXCs) • 4 Enhanced WDM • 5 Shortwave WDM • 6 Transceivers versus transponders • 7 Implementations • 8 See also • 9 References Systems [ edit ] WDM System in rack 19/21'' A Not her artinya system uses a multiplexer at the transmitter to join the several signals together and a demultiplexer at the receiver to split them apart.

[1] With the right type of fiber, it is possible to have a device that does both simultaneously and can function as an optical add-drop multiplexer.

The optical filtering devices used have conventionally been etalons (stable solid-state single-frequency Fabry–Pérot interferometers in the form of thin-film-coated optical glass). As there are three different WDM types, whereof one is called "WDM", the notation "xWDM" is normally used when discussing the technology as such. [3] The concept was first published in 1978, and by 1980 WDM systems were being realized in the laboratory. The first WDM systems combined only two signals.

Modern systems can handle 160 signals and can thus expand a basic 100 Gbit/s system over a single fiber pair to over 16 Tbit/s. A system of 320 channels is also present (12.5 GHz channel spacing, see below.) WDM systems are popular with telecommunications companies because they allow them to expand the capacity of the network without laying more fiber. By using WDM and optical amplifiers, they can accommodate several generations of technology development in their optical infrastructure without having to overhaul the backbone network.

The capacity of a given link can be expanded simply by upgrading the multiplexers and demultiplexers at each end. This is often done by the use of optical-to-electrical-to-optical (O/E/O) translation at the very edge of the transport network, thus permitting interoperation not her artinya existing equipment with optical interfaces.

[3] Most WDM systems operate on single-mode fiber optical cables which have a core diameter of 9 µm. Certain forms of WDM can also be used in multi-mode fiber cables (also known as premises cables) which have core diameters of 50 or 62.5 µm.

Early WDM systems were expensive and complicated to run. However, recent standardization and a better understanding of the dynamics of WDM systems have made WDM less expensive to deploy.

Optical receivers, in contrast to laser sources, tend to be wideband devices. Therefore, the demultiplexer must provide the wavelength selectivity of the receiver in the WDM system. WDM systems are divided into three different wavelength patterns: normal (WDM), coarse (CWDM) and dense (DWDM).

Normal WDM (sometimes called BWDM) uses the two normal wavelengths 1310 and 1550 nm on one fiber. Coarse WDM provides up to 16 channels across multiple transmission windows of silica fibers. Dense WDM (DWDM) uses the C-Band (1530 nm-1565 nm) transmission window but with denser channel spacing. Channel plans vary, but a typical DWDM system would use 40 channels at 100 GHz spacing or 80 channels with 50 Not her artinya spacing. Some technologies are capable of 12.5 GHz spacing (sometimes called ultra-dense WDM).

New amplification options ( Raman amplification) enable the extension of the usable wavelengths to the L-band (1565–1625 nm), more or less doubling these numbers. Coarse wavelength division multiplexing (CWDM), in contrast to DWDM, uses increased channel spacing to allow less-sophisticated and thus cheaper transceiver designs.

not her artinya

To provide 16 channels on a single fiber, CWDM uses the entire frequency band spanning the second and third transmission windows (1310/1550 nm respectively) including the critical frequencies where OH scattering may occur. OH-free silica fibers are recommended if the wavelengths between second and third transmission windows are to be used [ citation needed].

Avoiding this region, the channels 47, 49, 51, 53, 55, 57, 59, 61 remain and these are the most commonly used. With OS2 fibers the water peak problem is overcome, and all possible 18 channels can be used.

WDM, CWDM and DWDM are based on the same concept of using multiple wavelengths of light on a single fiber but differ in the spacing of the wavelengths, number of channels, and the ability to amplify the multiplexed signals in the optical space. EDFA provide an efficient wideband amplification for the C-band, Raman amplification adds a mechanism for amplification in the L-band.

For CWDM, wideband optical amplification is not available, limiting the optical spans to several tens of kilometres. Coarse WDM [ edit ] Series of SFP+ transceivers for 10 Gbit/s WDM communications Originally, the term coarse wavelength division multiplexing (CWDM) was fairly generic and described a number of different channel configurations.

In general, the choice of channel spacings and frequency in these configurations precluded the use of erbium doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs). Prior to the relatively recent ITU standardization of the term, one common definition for CWDM was two or more signals multiplexed onto a single fiber, with one signal in the 1550 nm band and the other in the 1310 nm band.

In 2002, the ITU standardized a channel spacing grid for CWDM (ITU-T G.694.2) using the wavelengths from 1270 nm through 1610 not her artinya with a channel spacing of 20 nm.

ITU G.694.2 was revised in 2003 to shift the channel centers by 1 nm so, strictly speaking, the center wavelengths are 1271 to 1611 nm.

[4] Many CWDM wavelengths below 1470 nm are considered unusable on older G.652 specification fibers, due to the increased attenuation in the 1270–1470 not her artinya bands.

Newer fibers which conform to the G.652.C and G.652.D [5] standards, such as Corning SMF-28e and Samsung Widepass, nearly eliminate the "water peak" attenuation peak at 1383 nm and allow for full operation of all 18 ITU CWDM channels in metropolitan networks. The main characteristic of the recent ITU CWDM standard is that the signals are not spaced appropriately for amplification by EDFAs. This limits the total CWDM optical span to somewhere near 60 km for a 2.5 Gbit/s signal, which is suitable for use in metropolitan applications.

The relaxed optical frequency stabilization requirements allow the associated costs of CWDM to approach those of non-WDM optical components. CWDM Applications [ edit ] CWDM is being used in cable television networks, where different wavelengths are used for the downstream and upstream signals. In these systems, the wavelengths used are often widely separated. For example, the downstream signal might be at 1310 nm while the upstream signal is at 1550 nm.

[ citation needed] Some GBIC and small form factor pluggable ( SFP) transceivers utilize standardized CWDM wavelengths. GBIC and SFP CWDM optics allow a legacy switch system to be "converted" to enable wavelength multiplexed transport over a fiber by selecting compatible transceiver wavelengths for use with an inexpensive passive optical multiplexing device.

[ citation needed] The 10GBASE-LX4 10 Gbit/s physical layer standard is an example of a CWDM system in which four wavelengths near 1310 nm, each carrying a 3.125 gigabit-per-second (Gbit/s) data stream, are used to carry 10 Gbit/s of aggregate data. not her artinya Passive CWDM is an implementation of CWDM that uses no electrical power. It separates the wavelengths using passive optical components such as bandpass filters and prisms. Many manufacturers are promoting passive CWDM to deploy fiber to the home.

[ citation needed] Dense WDM [ edit ] Dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) refers originally to optical signals multiplexed within the 1550 nm band so as to leverage the capabilities (and cost) of erbium doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs), which are effective for wavelengths between approximately 1525–1565 nm ( C band), or 1570–1610 nm ( L band). EDFAs were originally developed to replace SONET/SDH optical-electrical-optical (OEO) regenerators, which they have made practically obsolete.

EDFAs can amplify any optical signal in their operating range, regardless of the modulated bit rate. In terms of multi-wavelength signals, so long as the EDFA has enough pump not her artinya available to it, it can amplify as many optical signals as can be multiplexed into its amplification band (though signal densities are limited by choice of modulation format).

EDFAs therefore allow a single-channel optical link to be upgraded in bit rate by replacing only equipment at the ends of the link, while retaining the not her artinya EDFA or series of EDFAs through a long haul route. Furthermore, single-wavelength links using EDFAs can similarly be upgraded to WDM links at reasonable cost. The EDFA's cost is thus leveraged across as many channels as can be multiplexed into the 1550 nm band.

DWDM systems [ edit ] At this stage, a basic DWDM system contains several main components: WDM multiplexer for DWDM communications • A DWDM terminal multiplexer. The terminal multiplexer contains a wavelength-converting transponder for each data signal, an optical multiplexer and where necessary an optical amplifier (EDFA). Each wavelength-converting transponder receives an optical data signal from the client-layer, such as Synchronous optical networking [SONET /SDH] or another type of data signal, converts this signal into the electrical domain and re-transmits the signal at not her artinya specific wavelength using a 1,550 nm band laser.

These data signals are then combined into a multi-wavelength optical signal using an optical multiplexer, for transmission over a single fiber (e.g., SMF-28 fiber).

The terminal multiplexer may or may not also include a local transmit EDFA for power amplification of the multi-wavelength optical signal. In the mid-1990s DWDM systems contained 4 or 8 wavelength-converting transponders; by 2000 or so, not her artinya systems capable of carrying 128 signals were available. • An intermediate line repeater is placed approximately every 80–100 km to compensate for the loss of optical power as the signal travels along the fiber.

The 'multi-wavelength optical signal' is amplified by an EDFA, which usually consists of several amplifier stages. • An intermediate optical terminal, or optical add-drop multiplexer. This is a remote amplification site that amplifies the multi-wavelength signal that may have traversed up to 140 km or more before reaching the remote site. Optical diagnostics and telemetry are often extracted or inserted at such a site, to allow for localization of any fiber breaks or signal impairments.

In more sophisticated systems (which are no longer point-to-point), several signals out of the multi-wavelength optical signal may be removed and dropped locally. • A DWDM terminal demultiplexer. At the remote site, the terminal de-multiplexer not her artinya of an optical de-multiplexer and one or more wavelength-converting transponders separates the multi-wavelength optical signal back into individual data signals and outputs them on separate fibers for client-layer systems (such as SONET/SDH).

Originally, this de-multiplexing was performed entirely passively, except for some telemetry, as most SONET systems can receive 1,550 nm signals. However, in order to allow for transmission to remote client-layer systems (and to allow for digital domain signal integrity determination) such de-multiplexed signals are usually sent to O/E/O output transponders prior to being relayed to their client-layer systems.

Often, the functionality of output transponder has been integrated into that of input transponder, so that most commercial systems have transponders that support bi-directional interfaces on both their 1,550 nm (i.e., internal) side, and external (i.e., client-facing) side.

Transponders in some systems supporting 40 GHz nominal operation may also perform forward error correction (FEC) via digital wrapper technology, as described in the ITU-T G.709 standard. • Optical Supervisory Channel (OSC). This is data channel which uses an additional wavelength usually outside the EDFA amplification band (at 1,510 nm, 1,620 nm, 1,310 nm or another proprietary wavelength).

The OSC carries information about the multi-wavelength optical signal as well as remote conditions at the optical terminal or EDFA site. It is also normally used for remote software upgrades and user (i.e., network operator) Network Management information.

It is the multi-wavelength analogue to SONET's DCC (or supervisory channel). ITU standards suggest that the OSC should utilize an OC-3 signal structure, though some vendors have opted to use 100 megabit Ethernet or another signal format. Unlike the 1550 nm multi-wavelength signal containing client data, the OSC is always terminated at intermediate amplifier sites, where it receives local information before re-transmission. The introduction of the ITU-T G.694.1 [7] frequency grid in 2002 has made it easier to integrate WDM with older but more standard SONET/SDH systems.

WDM wavelengths are positioned in a grid having exactly 100 GHz (about 0.8 nm) spacing in optical frequency, with a reference frequency fixed at 193.10 THz (1,552.52 nm).

[8] The main grid is placed inside the optical fiber amplifier bandwidth, but can be extended to wider bandwidths. The first commercial deployment of DWDM was made by Ciena Corporation on the Sprint network in June 1996. [9] [10] [11] Today's DWDM systems use 50 GHz or even 25 GHz channel spacing for up to 160 channel operation. [12] DWDM systems have to maintain more stable wavelength or frequency than those needed for CWDM because of the closer spacing of the wavelengths.

Precision temperature control of laser transmitter is required in DWDM systems to prevent "drift" off a very narrow frequency window of the order of a few GHz. In addition, since DWDM provides not her artinya maximum capacity it tends to be used at a higher level in the communications hierarchy than Not her artinya, for example on the Internet backbone and is therefore associated with higher modulation rates, thus creating a smaller market for DWDM devices with very high performance.

These factors of smaller volume and higher performance result in DWDM systems typically being more expensive than CWDM. Recent innovations in DWDM transport systems include pluggable and software-tunable transceiver modules capable of operating on 40 or 80 channels.

This dramatically reduces the need for discrete spare pluggable modules, when a handful of pluggable devices can handle the full range of wavelengths. Wavelength-converting transponders [ edit ] This section's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia.

See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions. ( December 2018) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message) At this stage, some details concerning wavelength-converting transponders should be discussed, as this will clarify the role played by current DWDM technology as an additional optical transport layer.

It will also serve to outline the evolution of such systems over the last 10 or so years. As stated above, wavelength-converting transponders served originally to translate the transmit wavelength of a client-layer signal into one of the DWDM system's internal wavelengths in the 1,550 nm band (note that even external wavelengths in the 1,550 nm will most likely need to be translated, as they will almost certainly not have the required frequency stability tolerances nor will it have the optical power necessary for the system's EDFA).

In the mid-1990s, however, wavelength converting transponders rapidly took on the additional function of signal regeneration. Signal regeneration in transponders quickly evolved through 1R to 2R to 3R and into overhead-monitoring multi-bitrate 3R regenerators. These not her artinya are outlined below: 1R Retransmission. Basically, early transponders were "garbage in garbage out" in that their output was nearly an analogue "copy" of the received optical signal, with little signal cleanup occurring.

This limited the reach of early DWDM systems because the signal had to be handed off to a client-layer receiver (likely from a different vendor) before the signal deteriorated too far. Signal monitoring was basically confined to optical domain parameters such as received power. 2R Re-time and re-transmit. Transponders of this type were not very common and utilized a quasi-digital Schmitt-triggering method for signal clean-up.

Some rudimentary signal-quality monitoring was done by such transmitters that basically looked at analogue parameters. 3R Re-time, re-transmit, re-shape. 3R Transponders were fully digital and normally able to view SONET/SDH section layer overhead bytes such as A1 and A2 to determine signal quality health. Many systems will offer 2.5 Gbit/s transponders, not her artinya will normally mean the transponder is able to perform 3R regeneration on OC-3/12/48 signals, and possibly gigabit Ethernet, and reporting on signal health by monitoring SONET/SDH section layer overhead bytes.

Many transponders will be able to perform full multi-rate 3R in both directions. Some vendors offer 10 Gbit/s transponders, which will perform Section layer overhead monitoring to all rates up to and including OC-192. Muxponder The muxponder (from multiplexed transponder) has different names depending on vendor. It essentially performs some relatively simple time-division multiplexing of lower-rate signals into a higher-rate carrier within the system (a common example is the ability to accept 4 OC-48s and then output a single OC-192 in the 1,550 nm band).

More recent muxponder designs have absorbed more and more TDM functionality, in some cases obviating the need for traditional SONET/SDH transport equipment. Reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer (ROADM) [ edit ] Main article: Reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer As mentioned above, intermediate optical amplification sites in DWDM systems may allow for the dropping and adding of certain wavelength channels.

In most systems deployed as of August 2006 this is done infrequently, because adding or dropping wavelengths requires manually inserting or replacing wavelength-selective cards.

This is costly, and in some systems requires that all active traffic be removed from the DWDM system, because inserting or removing the wavelength-specific cards interrupts the multi-wavelength optical signal. With a ROADM, network operators can remotely reconfigure the multiplexer by sending soft commands.

The architecture of not her artinya ROADM is such that dropping or adding wavelengths does not interrupt the "pass-through" channels. Numerous technological approaches are utilized for various commercial ROADMs, the tradeoff being between cost, optical power, and flexibility. Optical cross connects (OXCs) [ edit ] This section needs expansion.

You can help by adding to it. ( June 2008) When the network topology is a mesh, where nodes are interconnected by fibers to form an arbitrary graph, an additional fiber interconnection device is needed to route the signals from an input port to the desired output port. These devices are called not her artinya crossconnectors (OXCs).

Various categories of OXCs include electronic ("opaque"), optical ("transparent"), and wavelength selective devices. Enhanced WDM [ edit ] Cisco's Enhanced WDM system combines 1 Gb Coarse Wave Division Multiplexing (CWDM) connections using SFPs and GBICs with 10 Gb Dense Wave Division Multiplexing (DWDM) connections not her artinya XENPAK, X2 or XFP DWDM modules.

These DWDM connections can either be passive or boosted to allow a longer range for the connection. In addition to this, CFP modules deliver 100 Gbit/s Ethernet suitable for high speed Internet backbone connections.

Shortwave WDM [ edit ] Shortwave WDM uses vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) transceivers with four wavelengths in the 846 to 953 nm range over single OM5 fiber, or 2-fiber connectivity for OM3/OM4 fiber. [6] Transceivers versus transponders [ edit ] Transceivers Since communication over a single wavelength is one-way ( simplex communication), and most practical communication systems require two-way ( duplex communication) communication, two wavelengths will be required if on the same fiber; if separate fibers are used in a so-called fiber pair, then the same wavelength is normally used and it is not WDM.

As a result, at each end both a transmitter and a receiver will be required. A combination of a transmitter and a receiver is called a transceiver; it converts an electrical signal to and from an optical signal. WDM transceivers made for single-strand operation require the opposing transmitters to use different wavelengths. WDM transceivers additionally require an optical splitter/combiner to couple the transmitter and receiver paths onto the one fiber strand.

• Coarse WDM (CWDM) Transceiver Wavelengths: 1271 nm, 1291 nm, 1311 nm, 1331 nm, 1351 nm, 1371 nm, 1391 nm, 1411 nm, 1431 nm, 1451 nm, 1471 nm, 1491 nm, 1511 nm, 1531 nm, 1551 nm, 1571 nm, 1591 nm, 1611 nm. • Dense WDM (DWDM) Transceivers: Channel 17 to Channel 61 according to ITU-T. Transponder In practice, the signal inputs and outputs will not be not her artinya but optical instead (typically at 1550 nm).

This means that in effect wavelength converters are needed instead, which is exactly what a transponder is. A transponder can be made up of two not her artinya placed after each other: the first transceiver converting the 1550 nm optical signal to/from an electrical signal, and the second transceiver converting the electrical signal to/from an optical signal at the required wavelength.

Transponders that don't use an intermediate electrical signal (all-optical transponders) are in development. See also not her artinya (optical communications) for different functional views on the meaning of optical transponders.

Implementations [ edit ] There are several simulation tools that can be used to design WDM systems. See also [ edit ] • Add-drop multiplexer – Manipulates DWDM channel conents • Arrayed waveguide grating – Optical multiplexer component • Code-division multiple access – Channel not her artinya method used by various radio communication technologies • Dark fiber – Unused optical fibre • Differential quadrature phase shift keying – Type of data encoding • Frequency-division multiplexing – Multiplexing dividing a communications medium into non-overlapping frequency bands, each carrying a separate signal • IPoDWDM – IP-only optical network • Multiwavelength optical networking – Proposed successor to SONET optical networks • Optical mesh network – Optical network using a mesh topology • Optical Transport Network • Orbital angular momentum multiplexing – Optical multiplexing technique • Photodiode – Converts light into current • Polarization mode dispersion – Form of modal dispersion • SELFOC Microlens – Optical technology • Small form-factor pluggable transceiver – Modular optical fiber communications interface • Spectrometer – Used to measure spectral components of light • Super-channel – Enhanced DWDM • Time-division multiplexing – Multiplexing technique for digital signals References [ edit ] • ^ a b c Not her artinya, Hong; Parks, Joseph.

W (2015). "Optofluidic wavelength division multiplexing for single-virus detection". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 112: 12933–12937. JSTOR 26465542. • ^ Yuan, Ye; Wang, Chao (2019). "Multipath Transmission of Marine Electromagnetic Data Based on Distributed Sensors".

Journal of Coastal Research. 97: 99–102. JSTOR 26853785. • ^ a b Li, Hongqin; Zhong, Zhicheng (2019). "Analysis and Simulation of Morphology Algorithm for Fiber Optic Hydrophone Array in Not her artinya Seismic Exploration".

Journal of Coastal Research. 94: 145–148. JSTOR 26853921. • ^ ITU-T G.694.2, "WDM applications: CWDM wavelength grid" ITU-T website Archived 2012-11-10 at the Wayback Machine • ^ ITU-T G.652, "Transmission media and optical systems characteristics – Optical fibre cables" ITU-T website Archived not her artinya at the Wayback Machine • ^ a b Hornes, Rudy.

L (2008). "The Suppression of Four-Wave Mixing by Random Dispersion". SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics. 69: 690–703. JSTOR 40233639. • ^ ITU-T G.694.1, "Spectral grids for WDM applications: DWDM frequency grid" ITU-T website Archived 2012-11-10 at the Wayback Machine • ^ DWDM ITU Table, 100Ghz spacing" telecomengineering.com Archived 2008-07-04 at the Wayback Machine • ^ Markoff, John.

“Fiber-Optic Technology Draws Record Stock Value.” The New York Times. March 3, 1997. • ^ Hecht, Jeff. “Boom, Bubble, Bust: The Fiber Optic Mania.” Optics and Photonics News. The Optical Society. Pg. 47. October 2016. • ^ “New Technology Allows 1,600% Capacity Boost on Sprint's Fiber-Optic Network; Ciena Corp.

System Installed; Greatly Increases Bandwidth" Sprint. June 12, 1996. https://www.thefreelibrary.com/NEW+TECHNOLOGY+ALLOWS+1,600+PERCENT+CAPACITY+BOOST+ON+SPRINT'S.-a018380396 • ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-27. Retrieved 2012-03-19. {{ cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title not her artinya link) • Siva Ram Murthy C.; Guruswamy M., "WDM Optical Networks, Concepts, Design, and Algorithms", Prentice Hall India, ISBN 81-203-2129-4.

• Tomlinson, W. J.; Lin, C., "Optical wavelength-division multiplexer for the 1–1.4-micron spectral region", Electronics Letters, vol. 14, May 25, 1978, p. 345–347. adsabs.harvard.edu • Ishio, H. Minowa, J. Nosu, K., "Review and status of wavelength-division-multiplexing technology and its application", Journal of Lightwave Technology, Volume: 2, Issue: 4, Aug 1984, p.

448–463 • Cheung, Nim K.; Nosu Kiyoshi; Winzer, Gerhard "Guest Editorial / Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing Techniques for High Capacity and Multiple Access Communication Systems", IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol. 8 No. 6, August 1990. • Arora, A.; Subramaniam, S. "Wavelength Conversion Placement in WDM Mesh Optical Networks". Photonic Network Communications, Volume 4, Number 2, May 2002.

• First discussion: O. E. Delange, "Wideband optical communication systems, Part 11-Frequency division multiplexing". hoc. IEEE, vol. 58, p. 1683, October 1970.

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