John boyd dunlop

john boyd dunlop

John Boyd Dunlop john boyd dunlop out his own invention—a bicycle with pneumatic tyres. Shortly after the Berlin conference, an event happened in Ulster that changed the international rubber market in ways no one foresaw and, quite literally, led to the reinvention of the wheel.

In October 1887 a Scottish-born resident of Belfast, John Boyd Dunlop, with a small veterinary practice in Gloucester Street, took heed of his nine-year-old son’s complaint about how the hard cobbled streets made tricycling uncomfortable.

Dunlop then set to work fastening an air-filled rubber tube to a disk of wood with a strip of linen. In February 1888 he tested a tricycle with all its wheels made in this way, and from there a new frame was constructed. After a successful demonstration before a group of Belfast businessmen, application for a patent for the rubber tyre was lodged and granted in December 1888. The following May, a bicycle fitted with the wheels won a race and impressed one of the competitors, Harvey du Cros, so much that he sought out Dunlop and set up a company with him in Dublin, called the Pneumatic Tyre and Booth’s Cycle Agency.

John Boyd Dunlop’s invention of the pneumatic rubber tyre inaugurated a new age of transport and a massive demand for latex by manufacturers of cars and bicycles. Vast areas of the tropics were now opened up in the name of ‘civilisation’.

In the countries bordering the Amazon—Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia and Ecuador—thousands migrated upriver into the forested interiors in the hope of hacking out fortunes. The conflicts that ensued john boyd dunlop largely unrecorded and beyond the radar of history. The story of rubber remembered in the West is largely sanitised of the desperate level of human suffering and the devastating environmental impact. Instead it is recorded in terms of statistics, fluctuating market prices and economic booms and busts.

Where stories are john boyd dunlop they speak of immeasurable fortunes controlled by ruthless individuals. The prosperity and decadence of jungle-girt Manaos is symbolised by its opera house and legends about rubber barons who sent their shirts to be laundered in Paris. Personal Histories is an initiative by History Ireland, which aims to capture the individual histories of Irish people both in Ireland and around the world.

It is hoped to build an extensive database reflecting Irish lives, giving them a chance to be heard, remembered and to add their voice to the historical record.

john boyd dunlop

Click Here to go to the Personal Histories page • Here are some facts about John Boyd Dunlop. • John Boyd Dunlop was a Scottish vet and inventor. He is best known for his work in developing the first pneumatic or inflatable tyre, a device still used today.

• Dunlop was born in Scotland in 1840, and moved to Ireland at age 27. He established a large veterinary practice, which had become one of Ireland’s largest by the mid-1880s.

john boyd dunlop

• He found that solid wood, rubber or iron wheels made cycling difficult on the bumpy and rough roads. He experimented by using an inflatable rubber tyre on his son’s tricycle.

john boyd dunlop

• In 1889, cyclist Willie Hume tested Dunlop’s tyres by taking part in several races in the UK. He was the first member of the public to buy a bicycle with pneumatic tyres. • Another Scot, Robert Thomson, also developed a pneumatic tyre about 40 years before Dunlop.

Thomson had patented his invention in France in 1846 and in the US in 1847. • Dunlop was told that the tyre had been invented by someone else, but still set up his own company. It was known as the Pneumatic Tyre and Booth’s Cycle Agency. • In 1896 the company was john boyd dunlop to another UK company and was renamed Dunlop Rubber. The company went on to make different types of car tyres, as well as aeroplane tyres and golf balls.

• John Boyd Dunlop never became rich from his invention. After selling his part of the company, he retired to Dublin where he bought part of a drapery company. • John Boyd Dunlop died unexpectedly in 1921. • In 2005 Dunlop was admitted into the Automotive Hall of Fame, and john boyd dunlop Irish bank issued a 10 pound note with his picture on it. • Dunlop’s first pneumatic tyre can be seen in the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh. The museum also displays a bust of Dunlop, as well as several historic cars.

john boyd dunlop

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John John boyd dunlop Dunlop Birthdate: February 05, 1840 Birthplace: Dreghorn, Ayr, Scotland Death: October 24, 1921 (81) Dublin, Ireland Immediate Family: Son of John Dunlop and Agnes John boyd dunlop Husband of Margaret Stevenson Father of John Boyd Dunlop and Jane Willis Dunlop Brother of Jean Dunlop; Agnes Dunlop; Hugh Dunlop; James Dunlop and Margaret Dunlop Managed by: Eugene Thomas Last Updated: January 16, 2016 Born into a farming family in Dreghorn in Ayrshire, John Boyd Dunlop was a veterinary surgeon by profession, having qualified at Edinburgh Veterinary College (now part of Edinburgh University ) when he was only 19.

He worked as a vet in Edinburgh for nearly ten years before moving to Belfast. He built up a large practise in Ireland but found the rough roads and the iron, wood or solid rubber wheels an uncomfortable way to travel.

He experimented with his son's tricycle and in 1887 he came up with a design based on an inflated rubber tube and patented it the following year. This was not the first time someone had tried this - another Scot, Robert William Thomson had patented the idea in 1845 (though Dunlop was unaware of this). He established what would become the Dunlop Rubber Company but had john boyd dunlop fight and win a legal battle with Thomson. John Dunlop did not benefit much financially from his invention - he sold the patent and company name early on.

Despite Thomson's earlier work, Dunlop is credited with the invention of the modern rubber tyre. Dunlop retired to Dublin and died there in 1921. Source: Dublin, Ireland Resting place Deans Grange Cemetery Nationality Scottish Citizenship British Known for Development of the pneumatic tyre Co-founder of the original Dunlop Rubber John Boyd Dunlop (5 February 1840 – 23 October 1921) was a Scottish-born inventor and veterinary surgeon who spent most of his career in Ireland.

Familiar with making rubber devices, he invented the first practical pneumatic tyres for his child's tricycle and developed them for use in cycle racing. He sold his rights to the pneumatic tyres to a company he formed with the president of the Irish Cyclists' Association, Harvey Du Cros, for a small cash sum and a small shareholding in their pneumatic tyre business.

Dunlop withdrew in 1896. The company that bore his name, Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Company, was not incorporated until later using the name well known to the public, but it was Du Cros's creation. Contents • 1 Veterinary practice • 2 Pneumatic tyres • 3 Death and legacy • 4 References • 5 External links Veterinary practice [ edit ] He was born on a farm in Dreghorn, North Ayrshire, and studied to be a veterinary surgeon at the Dick Vet, University of Edinburgh, moving to Downpatrick, Ireland in 1867.

Quite early in his life he was told he had been a premature john boyd dunlop, two months before his mother had expected. He convinced himself his health was delicate and throughout his life acted accordingly, but he had no serious illness until he contracted a chill in October 1921 aged 81 and died unexpectedly.

Sir Arthur Du Cros described him as a diffident and gentle-mannered man but confident in his abilities. [1] He married Margaret Stevenson in 1871 and they had a daughter and a son.

john boyd dunlop

He established Downe Veterinary Clinic in Downpatrick with his brother James Dunlop before moving to a practice in 38–42 May Street, Belfast where, john boyd dunlop the mid 1880s, his was one of the largest practices in Ireland.

Dunlop developed pneumatic tyres for his son's tricycle and soon had them made commercially in Scotland. A cyclist using his tyres began to win all races and drew the attention of Harvey Du Cros.

Dunlop sold his rights into a new business with Du Cros for some cash and a small shareholding. With Du Cros he overcame many difficulties experienced by their business, including the loss of his patent rights. In 1892 he retired from his veterinary practice and moved to Dublin soon after Harvey Du Cros with john boyd dunlop assistance successfully refloated Booth Bros of Dublin as the Pneumatic Tyre and Booth's Cycle Agency.

The pneumatic tyre revolutionised the bicycle industry, which had boomed after the 1885 introduction of J K Starley's safety bicycle. [2] J B Dunlop sold out in 1895 and took no further interest in the tyre or rubber business. His remaining business interest was a local drapery. Pneumatic tyres [ edit ] Dunlop on a bicycle c. 1915 In October 1887, John Boyd Dunlop developed the first practical pneumatic or inflatable tyre for his son's tricycle and, using his knowledge and experience with rubber, in the yard of his home in Belfast fitted it to a wooden disc 96 centimetres across.

[3] The tyre was an inflated tube of sheet rubber. He then took his wheel and a metal wheel from his son's tricycle and rolled both across the yard together. The metal wheel stopped rolling but the pneumatic continued until it hit a gatepost and rebounded. Dunlop then put pneumatics on both rear wheels of the tricycle. That too rolled better, and Dunlop moved on to larger tyres for a bicycle "with even more startling results." [3] He tested that in Cherryvale sports ground, South Belfast, and a patent was granted on 7 December 1888.

Unknown to Dunlop another Scot, Robert William Thomson from Stonehaven, had patented a pneumatic tyre in 1847. Willie Hume demonstrated the supremacy of Dunlop's tyres in 1889, winning the tyre's first-ever races in Ireland and then England. [4] [5] The captain of the Belfast Cruisers Cycling Club, he became the first member of the public to purchase a bicycle fitted with pneumatic tyres, so Dunlop suggested he should use them in a race.

On 18 May 1889 Hume won all four cycling events at the Queen's College Sports in Belfast, and a short while later in Liverpool, won all but one of the cycling events. [5] Among the losers were sons of the president of the Irish Cyclists' Association, Harvey Du Cros. Seeing an opportunity, Du Cros built a personal association with J B Dunlop, and together they set up a company which acquired his rights to his patent.

Two years after he was granted the patent, Dunlop was officially informed that it was invalid as Scottish inventor Robert William Thomson (1822–1873), had patented the idea in France in 1846 and in the US in 1847. (see Tyres.) To capitalise on pneumatic tyres for bicycles, Dunlop and Du Cros resuscitated a Dublin-listed company and renamed it Pneumatic Tyre and Booth's Cycle Agency. Dunlop retired in 1895. In 1896 Du Cros sold their whole bicycle tyre business to British financier Terah Hooley for £3 million.

Hooley arranged some new window-dressing, titled board members, etc., and re-sold the company to the public for £5 million. Du Cros remained head of the business until his death. Early in the 20th century it was renamed Dunlop Rubber. Though he did not participate after 1895, Dunlop's pneumatic tyre did arrive at a crucial time in the development of road transport.

His commercial production of cycle tyres began in late 1890 in Belfast, but the production of car tyres did not begin until 1900, well after his retirement. J B Dunlop did not make any great fortune by his invention.

Death and legacy [ edit ] The Dunlop logo is widely recognised around the world John Boyd Dunlop died at his home in Dublin's Ballsbridge in 1921 and is buried in Deans Grange Cemetery. Although the Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Company no longer exists as a corporate entity, the Dunlop name lives on john boyd dunlop a number of Dunlop-branded john boyd dunlop, including automotive, aerospatial, industrial and sporting products around the world.

The Dunlop brand commonly appears as a corporate sponsor of international sporting events such as motor racing and tennis matches. [6] From the 1980s, Dunlop was commemorated in Northern Ireland when his image featured on the £10 banknote issued by the Northern Bank as part of its Inventor Series.

[7] The notes have been re-issued several times, and the banknotes bearing Dunlop's likeness (now issued by the Danske Bank) john boyd dunlop still in circulation today.

[8] [9] In 2005, Dunlop was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame. [10] An avenue john boyd dunlop the city of Campinas, in southeast Brazil, is also named after him; that is because a Dunlop tyre factory was established there in 1953.

References [ edit ] • ^ Sir Arthur Du Cros, Bt, Wheels of Fortune, a salute to pioneers, Chapman & Hall, London 1938 • ^ B. W. Best, Dunlop, John Boyd (1840–1921), rev. Trevor I. Williams, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 • ^ a b The Bicycle, UK, 21 July 1943, p3 • ^ The Golden Book of Cycling – William Hume, 1938. Archive maintained by 'The Pedal Club'.

john boyd dunlop

Archived 3 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine • ^ a b Dunlop, What sets Dunlop apart, History, 1889 • ^ Wood, Zoe (27 December 2016). "Sports Direct sells Dunlop for $137m". The Guardian. Archived john boyd dunlop the original on 4 April 2018. Retrieved 4 April 2018.

• ^ "Pam West British Notes - 1988Torrens john boyd dunlop SPECIMEN - 1988 - B - 7 digits - John boyd dunlop B Dunlop obverse. Satellite dish, computer system reverse. NR113". Archived from the original on 4 April 2018. Retrieved 4 April 2018.

• ^ "Northern Bank 10 Pounds, 2004". Ron Wise's Banknoteworld. Archived from the original on 31 October 2008. Retrieved 17 October 2008. • ^ Schmidt, Tracy, ed. (2017). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money, Modern Issues, 1961-Present. F+W Media. pp. 794–5. ISBN 9781440247958. Retrieved 4 April 2018. • ^ "John Dunlop". Automotive Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 4 April 2018. Retrieved 4 April 2018. External links [ edit ] John boyd dunlop Commons has media related to John Boyd Dunlop.

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john boyd dunlop

He developed the first practical pneumatics tire first used for a tricycle, later modified for an automobile. The Dunlop Tire Company bears his name. Inventor. He developed the first practical pneumatics tire first used for a tricycle, later modified for an automobile. The Dunlop Tire Company bears his name. Read More Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for John Boyd Dunlop (5 Feb 1840–23 Oct 1921), Find a Grave Memorial ID 14739352, citing Deansgrange Cemetery, Deans Grange, County Dublin, Ireland ; Maintained by Find a Grave.

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His tire provided the foundation for the Dunlop Tire Company and served as the genesis for the modern tire industry. Dunlop was born in Aryshire, Scotland, where he practiced as a veterinary surgeon. In 1887, he began working john boyd dunlop a way to make his son's tricycle ride more comfortable.

His practical ingenuity led john boyd dunlop to cut up an old garden hose, make it into a tube, pump it up with air, and fit it to the rear wheels of the tricycle. After numerous tests and patent litigation, Dunlop patented his pneumatic tire in Great Britain in 1888 and secured a United States patent in 1890. Irish industrialist W. H. Du Cros became interested in Dunlop's invention and organized a company with Dunlop, the Dunlop Rubber Company.

The Dunlop tire became the standard for bicycles. In 1890, with the emergence of the first automobile, Dunlop tires began evolving into a thicker tread tire used for automobiles.

Michelin, Dunlop's competitor, used Dunlop's premises to create the first automobile tire.

john boyd dunlop

After the growing popularity of the automobile at the beginning of the twentieth century, the demand for more durable rubber compounds grew exponentially. PrintJohn Boyd Dunlop Biography - The First Commercial Pneumatic Rubber Tire Bicycles that we drive today would not be anywhere close to be the same without the ingenuity and inventiveness of the British inventor John Boyd Dunlop who managed to introduce to the world first commercial pneumatic rubber tire.

This invention enabled first bicycles, and then cars, to achieve markedly improved level of comfort for their passengers while traveling across terrains of all types. Managing to take advantage from his invention, John Boyd Dunlop established “Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Company”, a tire and various rubber goods manufacturing company that remained in the top echelon of manufacturers john boyd dunlop almost 100 years before it was sold to in 1980s.

John Boyd Dunlop was born on February 5th 1840, in Dreghorn, North Ayrshire, Scotland. He studied to become veterinary surgeon, managing to finish Royal School of Veterinary Studies at the University of Edinburg and practice this job for over 10 years both at home and in the city of Downpatrick, Ireland, where he established “Downe Veterinary Clinic” together with his brother James.

After a period of time, he moved to a work in a private practice in Belfast. In 1887, John Boyd Dunlop made his most important discovery.

John boyd dunlop looking for a way to make the tricycle of his sun run better on surface of his backyard, he produced first practical and commercially viable example of inflatable tire. He fitted it to a wooden disc that was 97cm wide, using sheet rubber as a main component. He then took metal wheel of the tricycle and put thin layer of inflated rubber on its outer edge. Results were stunning. Both tricycle and later on his bicycle showed remarkable improvement in ability to drive on any type of terrain, with much smoother feeling of driving and reduced loss of speed due to lowered resistance between ground and the wheel.

Dunlop sadly was not successful in securing patent for his discovery in late 1888 because Scottish inventor Robert William Thomson patented inflatable tire back in 1847 (he never managed to make commercially viable model).

1889 was a year when the world loudly heard about Dunlop’s inventive tire. His friend Willie Hume took advantage from this tire and won almost all notable bicycle john boyd dunlop that year, which popularized Dunlop’s pneumatic tires greatly.

Just one year later, Dunlop’s own company began commercial manufacture of pneumatic tires and other rubber goods, just in time to fuel incredible expansion of the road transport network that started being built during that time all over Europe and the world.

John Boyd Dunlop died on October 23 1921 in Dublin at the age of 81. He is today remembered as crucial inventor who made riding bicycles and driving cars viable on all types of surfaces. His face is present on the £10 note that is used in Northern Ireland.
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See all related content → John Boyd Dunlop, (born Feb. 5, 1840, Dreghorn, Ayrshire, Scot.—died Oct. 23, 1921, Dublin), inventor who developed the pneumatic rubber tire.

In 1867 he settled in Belfast as a veterinary surgeon. In 1887 he constructed there a pneumatic tire for his son’s tricycle. Patented the following year, the tire went into commercial production in 1890, with Dunlop holding 1,500 shares of the Belfast manufacturing company that developed into the Dunlop Company.

It was later discovered that the principle of the pneumatic tire had already been patented in 1846. The company held various accessory patents, however, that enabled it to establish its position.

Though invented john boyd dunlop an improvement on the bicycle, the pneumatic tire arrived on the scene just in time john boyd dunlop contribute to the success of the automobile. This article was most recently revised and updated by Chelsey Parrott-Sheffer.

Science Presents John Boyd Dunlop