Sinta nuriyah

sinta nuriyah

According to Sinta, hijab and jilbab are two different terms. "Hijab was a restraint of hard materials such as wood, whereas jilbab was a thin fabric to cover the head," said Sinta on Deddy Corbuzier Youtube channel on Wednesday, January 15, 2020.

She claimed that every Muslim woman is not obliged to wear jilbab because that's what the Quran says. "That's not really an obligation [for Muslim women to wear headscarf] if we understand the verse in the Quran correctly," said Sinta.

Sinta said she's been conducting a contextual comprehension of the verses of the Quran, instead of doing it textually. She admitted that most Muslims are mistakenly conceiving the verses of the Quran since sinta nuriyah has been translated by those who have personal concerns.

"Local cultures and mindsets can influence us on how we understand the verses [of Qurán]," said Sinta. Her daughter, Inayah Wahid, also agreed with her mother. According to Inayah, interpreters should acquire specific requirements to interpret the verses of the Quran. "They should not do it recklessly," said Inayah. Both of them were aware that some people may disagree with their opinion and netizens sinta nuriyah be upset sinta nuriyah it.

But for Sinta and Inayah, it is totally fine to have different opinions. During a 2015 suhur—the meal that precedes the dawn-to-dusk fast during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan—at a Catholic church in Central Java that was attended by Hindu, Buddhist, Confucian and Christian members of the community, Sinta Nuriyah likened Indonesia’s religious diversity to a garden of flowers: “There are roses, jasmines, orchids and Sita-Ashok.

All of those flowers are beautiful. No one can force the roses to become jasmines or the orchids to become Sita-Ashok.” In recent years, hard-line Islamic groups have made it increasingly difficult to tend to that garden. But Ms. Nuriyah, the widow of former Indonesian President Abdurrahman Wahid, is undeterred.

The self-identified Muslim feminist has degrees in both Shari‘a law and women’s studies; she understands how politicized religion is particularly cruel to women and minorities. She has counseled transgender women, supported a Christian former governor of Jakarta who was convicted of blasphemy and more—choosing to support the vulnerable rather than settle into a risk-free life as a former President’s widow.

Muslim women are too often spoken for and about in endless arguments by men over our headscarves, or the lack thereof. Ms. Nuriyah is reminder that our narrative is much more complex and, frankly, more interesting. Eltahawy is an Egyptian-American journalist and the author of Headscarves and Hymens: Why the Middle East Needs a Sexual Revolution
Aktivitas Sinta Nuriyah Wahid tak bisa dipisahkan dengan suaminya Abdurrahman Wahid alias Gus Dur.

Aktivitasnya terlihat sejak mendampingi Gus Dur sebagai aktivis, pemikir, ketua PBNU, hingga menjadi Presiden RI ke-4. Meskipun Gus Dur telah meninggal, Sinta tetap konsisten seperti suaminya yang selalu menyuarakan Hak Asasi Manusia, pemberdayaan perempuan, dan kebebasan beragama.

Perempuan kelahiran Jombang, 8 Maret 1948 ini menikah denganm Abdurrahman Wahid pada tanggal 11 September 1971 dan dikaruniai 4 anak; Alissa Qotrunnada Munawaroh (Lissa), Zannuba Arifah Chafsoh (Yenny), Anita Hayatunnufus (Nita), Inayah Wulandari (Ina).

Sinta dibesarkan dalam lingkungan pesantren. Bahkan pendidikan dasar hingga menengah tak jauh dari lingkungan agama.

sinta nuriyah

Puncaknya, ia mengikuti pendidikan pesantren mualimat khusus perempuan. Memasuki usia sinta nuriyah. Dia dijodohkan dengan anak kiai besar Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) Abdurrahman Wahid alias Gus Dur. Kisah cinta Sinta dengan Abdurrahman Wahid ini menarik. Gus Dur merupakan gurunya ketika belajar di Muallimat. Mereka dijodohkan oleh Kiai Fatah, pamannya Abdurrahman Wahid. Gus Dur segera mengiyakan tawaran itu. Namun, Sinta belum bersedia lantaran trauma dengan salah seorang guru yang pernah meminangnya ketika dia masih berusia 13 tahun.

Celakanya, nama guru itu juga Abdurrahman. Namun, akhirnya Sinta mulai simpati kepada Gus Dur setelah saling berhubungan melalui surat, melalui surat-surat itulah Sinta bisa mengetahui kepribadian Gus Dur yang lembut dan tajam pikirannya. Setelah sekian lama bertukar surat, Gus Dur pun melamarnya, namun Sinta masih bimbang, tapi lama-lama kelamaan akhirnya dia memutuskan menerima Gus Sinta nuriyah sebagai teman hidupnya.

Pada pertengahan 1966, Gus Dur meminangnya, dan keduanya lalu bertunangan. Dua tahun kemudian, September 1968, Gus Dur akhirnya menikahi Sinta. Tapi pernikahan keduanya bisa dibilang unik. Sebab Gus Dur berada jauh di Kairo, Mesir, sekitar 12.000 kilo meter dari Jombang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia, tempat Sinta Nuriyah berada.

Karena Gus Dur tidak bisa datang saat pernikahan, akhirnya dia diwakili kakeknya, Kiai Bisri Syansuri yang berusia 81 tahun dan membuat heboh tamu undangan. Keduanya sepakat bakal menikah lagi setelah sama-sama lulus kuliah. Dan benar saja, sepulang dari Mesir, yang pertama dilakukan sinta nuriyah Gus Dur adalah nikah lagi dengan gadis yang dicintainya Sinta Nuriyah.

Semasa muda Sinta pernah berprofesi sebagai wartawan di Majalah Zaman antara tahun 1980-1985 dan berhenti karenaa majalahnya ditutup. Lalu berpindah membantu Syu'ban Asa di majalah TEMPO. Ia aktif sebagai aktivis yang memperjuangkan hak-hak perempuan dan bergabung dalam beberapa organisasi, yaitu menjadi anggota Kongres wanita Indonesia (Kowani) dan anggota Komite Nasional Kedudukan wanita Indonesia (National Commission on the Status of Women).

Aktivitas Sinta tak jauh berbeda dengan suaminya yang lebih super sibuk lagi dalam hal berorganisasi. Sinta selalu mendampingi suaminya dengan setia.

sinta nuriyah

Tak hanya menjaga fisik, tapi juga ikut membantu dan memahami pemikiran-pemikiran Gus Dur yang acap kali dibilang "kontroversial". Mulai mendampingi Gus Dur sebagai aktivis, pemikir, ketua PBNU, hingga menjadi Presiden RI ke-4. Sinta tetap konsisten seperti suaminya yang selalu menyuarakan Hak Asasi Manusia, pemberdayaan perempuan, dan kebebasan.

Bersama organisasi-organisasi perempuan, seperti ditulis di situs yayasannya, Sinta mendirikan Yayasan Puan Amal Hayati yang memiliki arti "Pesantren Untuk Pemberdayaan Perempuan" pada 3 Juli 2000, namun baru beroperasi pada tahun 2001, sinta nuriyah menghindari menghindari kemungkinan timbulnya persepsi buruk di masyarakat, sebab tidak mau dikatakan memanfaatkan kedudukan Ibu Negara untuk mendirikan yayasan.

Sinta tak hanya bersuara untuk orang lain, tapi dia juga tetap mengembangkan dirinya dengan kuliah hingga S2. Ia berhasil menyelesaikan jenjang S2 pada Program Studi Kajian Wanita Sinta nuriyah Indonesia pada 1999. Pada saat semester 4 sempat mengalami kecelakaan lalu lintas yang menyebabkannya harus banyak beraktivitas di atas kursi roda, namun tak menyulutkan semangatnya untuk menyelesaikan pendidikannya.

Bahkan setelah suaminya wafat, Sinta nuriyah tetap seperti sinta nuriyah dulu. Dia tak pernah lelah menyuarakan kebebasan beragama dan membela hak-hak konstitusional kelompok minoritas. Sinta diapresiasi sebagai srikandi pemberdayaan perempuan. KELUARGA Nama Suami : Abdurrahman Wahid Anak : Alissa Qotrunnada Munawaroh (Lissa) Zannuba Arifah Chafsoh (Yenny) Anita Hayatunnufus (Nita) Inayah Wulandari (Ina) PENDIDIKAN SD, Jombang SMP, Jombang Mualimat, Sinta nuriyah Program S-2 Studi Kajian Wanita, Universitas Indonesia, Depok KARIER Wartawan di Majalah Zaman, 1980-1985 Pendiri dan Pimpinan Yayasan PUAN Amal Hayati, 2000 Anggota Kongres wanita Indonesia (Kowani) Anggota Komite Nasional Kedudukan Wanita Indonesia (National Commission on sinta nuriyah Status of Women).

Ibu Negara, 1999-2001 "Saya mulai mengajak mereka untuk melagukan Indonesia raya, agar mereka tumbuh semangat kebangsaan mereka, tumbuh kecintaan mereka kepada bangsa dan negara. Saya sampaikan itu tak keluar dari ajaran agama, karena hubbul wathon minal Iman, cinta tanah air itu sebagian dari iman, " jelas Sinta dalam wawancara BBC Indonesia, Sri Lestari, di Jakarta, pertengahan Juni 2017.

Juga ada kasus penodaan agama oleh Mantan Gubernur Jakarta, Basuki Tjahaya Purnama atau Ahok yang kemudian mendorong kelompok Gerakan Nasional Pengawal Fatwa MUI menggelar rangkaian demonstrasi yang menuntut Ahok dihukum, bersamaan dengan masa Pilkada Jakarta. Ahok kemudian dihukum dua tahun penjara. "Akhirnya sesudah pidato, saya tanyakan bapak ibu sekalian siapa yang tidak pernah makan di restorannya orang Cina, tidak ada semuanya pernah, siapa yang tidak pernah membeli kue buatan Cina, engga ada, lha itu apa bedanya makan di sini dan di sana itu, ya sudah kalau tidak ada bedanya mengapa di pertanyakan, dipersoalkan jika tak ada bedanya," jelas Sinta.
• Biografi Ulama • Indeks Biografi Ulama • Daftar Biografi Bahasa Inggris • Indeks Sanad • Indeks Nasab • Profil Pesantren • Indeks Daftar Profil Pesantren • Daftar Lembaga Pendidikan Lainnya • Perguruan Tinggi • Sekolah Islam sinta nuriyah Panti Asuhan • Laporan Donasi Tanpa Kutip • Lokasi Ziarah • Indeks Lokasi Ziarah • Kitab • Artikel Lain • Indeks Tuntunan Ibadah Lengkap • Motivasi • Konsultasi • Techno Disruption • Santri Goes To Papua • Fitur Lain • Membership • Register Member • Login • Register Lembaga • Login Lembaga • Healing • Konsultasi Keluarga • Assessment Kepribadian • Konsultasi Siap Nikah • Alat Rencana Nikah • Info Laduni.ID • Kebijakan Privasi • Tentang Kami • FAQ • Peraturan Umum • Info Umum Donasi Tanpa Kutip • Pengelola • Alamat Pengelola LADUNI.ID • Biografi Ulama • Indeks Biografi Ulama • Daftar Biografi Bahasa Inggris • Indeks Sanad • Indeks Nasab • Profil Pesantren • Indeks Daftar Profil Pesantren • Daftar Lembaga Pendidikan Lainnya • Perguruan Tinggi • Sekolah Islam • Panti Asuhan • Laporan Donasi Tanpa Kutip • Lokasi Ziarah • Indeks Lokasi Ziarah • Kitab • Artikel Lain • Indeks Tuntunan Ibadah Lengkap • Motivasi • Konsultasi • Techno Disruption • Santri Goes To Papua • Fitur Lain • Membership • Register Member • Login • Sinta nuriyah Lembaga • Login Lembaga • Healing • Konsultasi Keluarga • Assessment Kepribadian • Konsultasi Siap Nikah • Alat Rencana Nikah • Info Laduni.ID • Kebijakan Privasi • Tentang Sinta nuriyah • FAQ • Peraturan Umum • Info Umum Donasi Tanpa Kutip • Pengelola • Alamat Pengelola • Video • Audio • Pesantren • Ziarah • Santri Unggul • Profesional Shaleh • Zakat • Kitab & Buku • Al Qur'an Daftar Isi 1 Riwayat Hidup dan Keluarga 1.1 Lahir 1.2 Riwayat Keluarga 2 Sanad Ilmu dan Pendidikan Beliau 2.1 Masa Menuntut Ilmu 2.2 Guru-Guru Beliau 3 Penerus Beliau 3.1 Anak-anak Beliau 4 Karya, dan Karier 4.1 Karya-karya Beliau 4.2 Karier Beliau 5 Penghargaan 6 Referensi 1 Riwayat Hidup dan Keluarga 1.1 Lahir Dr.

Dra. Hj. Sinta Nuriyah Wahid., M.Hum lahir pada 08 Maret 1948, di Kabupaten Jombang. Ibu Shinta Nuriyah Wahid putri dari H. Abdullah Syukur, pedagang daging terkenal ini dilahirkan di Jombang Jawa Timur pada tanggal 8 Maret 1948, beliau adalah istri dari mantan Presiden Indonesia ke empat yaitu K.H. Abdurrahman Wahid (Gus Dur) yang menjabat dari tahun 1999 hingga tahun 2001.

Menikah pada tanggal 11 september 1971 dengan usia 13 tahun, selama pernikahannya ibu Shinta Nuriyah Wahid dikaruniai empat orang anak yaitu Alissa Qotrunnada Munawaroh (lissa), Zannuba Arifah Chafsoh (Yenny), Anita Hayatunnufus (Nita), Inayah Wulandari (Ina). Dr. Dra. Hj. Sinta Nuriyah Wahid., M.Hum dibesarkan dalam lingkungan pesantren. Bahkan pendidikan dasar hingga menengah tak jauh dari lingkungan agama.

sinta nuriyah

Puncaknya, ia mengikuti pendidikan pesantren mualimat khusus perempuan. 1.2 Riwayat Keluarga Memasuki usia remaja, beliau dijodohkan dengan anak kiai besar NU Abdurrahman Wahid alias Gus Dur. Kisah cinta Hj.

Sinta Nuriyah Wahid dengan Abdurrahman Wahid ini menarik. Gus Dur merupakan gurunya ketika sinta nuriyah di Muallimat. Mereka dijodohkan oleh Kiai Fatah, pamannya Abdurrahman Wahid. Gus Dur segera mengiyakan tawaran itu.

Namun, Hj. Sinta Nuriyah Wahid belum bersedia lantaran trauma dengan salah seorang guru yang pernah meminangnya ketika dia masih berusia 13 tahun. Celakanya, nama guru itu juga Abdurrahman. Namun, akhirnya Sinta mulai simpati kepada Gus Dur setelah saling berhubungan melalui surat, melalui surat-surat itulah beliau bisa mengetahui kepribadian Gus Dur yang lembut dan tajam pikirannya. Setelah sekian lama bertukar surat, Gus Dur pun melamarnya, namun Hj.

Sinta Nuriyah Wahid masih bimbang, tapi lama-lama kelamaan akhirnya beliau memutuskan menerima Gus Dur sebagai teman hidupnya. Pada pertengahan 1966, Gus Dur meminangnya, dan keduanya lalu bertunangan.

Dua tahun kemudian, September 1968, Gus Dur akhirnya menikahi Hj. Sinta Nuriyah Wahid. Tapi pernikahan keduanya bisa dibilang unik. Sebab Gus Dur berada jauh di Kairo, Sinta nuriyah, sekitar 12.000 kilo meter dari Jombang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia, tempat Hj. Sinta Nuriyah Wahid berada.

sinta nuriyah

Karena Gus Dur tidak bisa sinta nuriyah saat pernikahan, akhirnya dia diwakili kakeknya, Kiai Bisri Syansuri yang berusia 81 tahun dan membuat heboh tamu undangan. Keduanya sepakat bakal menikah lagi setelah sama-sama lulus kuliah.

Dan benar saja, sepulang dari Mesir, yang pertama dilakukan oleh Gus Dur adalah nikah lagi dengan gadis yang dicintainya Hj. Sinta Nuriyah Wahid. Pernikahan beliau dikaruniai 4 anak: • Alissa Qotrunnada Munawaroh (Lissa) • Zannuba Arifah Chafsoh (Yenny) • Anita Hayatunnufus (Nita) • Inayah Wulandari (Ina) 2 Sanad Ilmu dan Pendidikan Beliau 2.1 Masa Menuntut Ilmu Pendidikan yang beliau tempuh yaitu: • MI (SD) Jombang tahun 1958.

sinta nuriyah

• MM (Madrasah Mualimat) Baharul Ulum, Jombang, Tambak Beras, Jawa Timur tahun 1964. • MA (Madrasah Aliyah) Mual’limin Mamba’ul Ma’arif Denanyar Jombang, Jawa Timur tahun 1967.

• Strata Satu (SI) Fakultas Syariah IAIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta tahun 1971. • Strata Dua (S2) Program Kajian Wanita Program Pascasarjana Universitas Indonesia Jakarta. 1975 2.2 Guru-Guru Beliau • KH. Abdul Wahab Chasbullah • KH. Bisri Syansuri • KH. Achmad Athoillah 3 Penerus Beliau 3.1 Anak-anak Beliau • Alissa Qotrunnada Munawaroh (Lissa) • Zannuba Arifah Chafsoh (Yenny) • Anita Hayatunnufus (Nita) • Inayah Wulandari (Ina) 4 Karya, dan Karier 4.1 Karya-karya Beliau • Perempuan dan Pluralisme, (LkiS: 2019) • Pesantren Tradisi dan Kebudayaan, (LkiS: 2019) • Romantika Kehidupan: Kumpulan Kasus Kekerasan Terhadap Perempuan, (Yayasan Puan Amal Hayati: 2009) • Forum Kajian Kitab Kuning (FK3): Kembang Setaman Perkawinan “Analisis Kritis Kitab ‘Uqud Al Lujjayn”, (Penerbit Buku Kompas: sinta nuriyah • Forum Kajian Kitab Kuning (FK3): Wajah Baru Relasi Suami-Istri “Telaah Kitab ‘Uqud Al Lujjayn”, sinta nuriyah Yogyakarta: 2001) 4.2 Karier Beliau Hj.

Sinta Nuriyah Wahid karier berbagai bidang dari beliau menjadi pengajar hingga menjadi jurnalis aktif di komisi wanita hingga menjadi Ibu negara, berikut karier beliau: • Tenaga pengajar di Pesantren Mambaul Ma’arif, Denanyar,Jombang • Tenaga pengajar di Universitas Hasyim Asy’ari, Tebuireng, Jombang sinta nuriyah Tenaga Pengajar di Universitas Darul Ulum, Rejoso, Jombang • Jurnalis Majalah Keluarga Zaman tahun 1980-1985 • Wartawan Majalah Matra • Dewan Penasehat Komnas HAM • Ketua Pelapor Khusus Kebebasan Beragama Komnas Perempuan • Anggota Kongres Wanita Indonesia (KOWANI) • Komisi Nasional Kedudukan Wanita Indonesia • Pendiri Yayasan Puan Amal Hayati yang bergerak dalam bidang advokasi dan konseling terhadap perempuan dan anak korban kekerasan • Pendiri Yayasan al-Munawaroh (bergerak pada pemberian bantuan dana/ beasiswa kepada anak sekolah, keluarga sinta nuriyah mampu, para penyandang cacat, dan korban bencana), tahun 1996 • Ibu Negara, 1999-2001 • A'wan PBNU 5 Penghargaan Banyak penghargaan yang beliau peroleh terutama di kegiatan perlindungan wanita berikut penghargaan-penghargaan beliau: • Penghargaan dari The Purnomo Yusgiantoro Center dalam PYC Award 2019 berupa Apreciation: In Recognition of Your Mutual Cooperation with PYC (2019) • Piagam penghargaan dari Kongres Wanita Indonesia (Kowani) sebagai Ibu Bangsa (2018) • Masuk daftar 100 orang tokoh paling berpengaruh di Dunia versi Majalah Time, dalam kategori tokoh pejuang perempuan dan kaum minoritas (2018) • Memperoleh penghargaan Internasional, sebagai 11 Perempuan Paling Berpengaruh versi Harian New York Times (2017) • Piagam Penghargaan dari Unit Kerja Presiden Pembinaan Ideologi Pancasila (UKP-Pancasila) sebagai Tokoh Penggiat Sosial (2017) • Piagam Penghargaan dari Menteri Sosial RI sebagai Pelopor Gerakan Aksesibilitas Umum Nasional (GAUN) untuk Penyandang Disabilitas (2015) • Lifetime Achievment Award dari Media Rakyat Merdeka Online sebagai Pejuang Perempuan dan Kaum Minoritas (2013) • Penghargaan dari Kakorlantas Polri sebagai Pelopor Keselamatan Lalu Lintas (2013) • Soka Women's College Comendation of Friendship dari Soka Women's College UniversitasSoka sebagai Pejuang Perempuan (2012) • Bintang Jasa Adipradana dari Negara Republik Indonesia sebagai Pendamping PresidenAbdurrahman Wahid dan Pejuang Kemanusiaan (2011) 6 Referensi https://pecihitam.org/profil-nyai-hj-sinta-nuriyah-wahid-sang-tokoh-perempuan-nu/ • Nasional • Internasional • Aswaja • Politik • Ekonomi • Sosial Budaya • Artikel • Tokoh • Sejarah • Cerita Hikmah • Canda • Sosial Budaya • Motivasi • Edukasi • Tekno & Disruption • Sinta nuriyah Nusantara • - Konsultasi Keluarga • - Konsultasi Siap Nikah Umur 25 Tahun - • - Santri Goes to Papua • Kontak © 2022 - Laduni.id

Shinta Nuriyah, the wife of former president Abdurrahman Wahid, says that since the time of Muhammad Islam has always taught that monogamy is ideal. In the Quran it is said that man cannot be fair, so it’s clear that the verses in question show that Islam teaches monogamy not polygamy.

(Dalam Al-Quran sinta nuriyah manusia tidak akan mungkin bisa berbuat adil, jadi jelas melalui ayat-ayat tersebut menunjukkan bahwa Islam itu mengajarkan monogami bukan poligami.) She also told the tale of the Fourth Caliph Ali bin Abi Talib, Muhammad’s son-in-law, who was supposed to have asked his father-in-law for permission to take another wife. Muhammad however said no, three times and in public. If Muhammad said it in public then it was something that had become a general rule, she said.

Sinta nuriyah Nuriyah A lot hinged on the meaning of the word “fair”, she said. In the Quran there were two words for it, qasata and adala. The former referred to material matters and the latter to immaterial matters such as love, affection, etc. Adala was the word used in the verses on polygamy, she claimed, saying that being fair in matters of the heart was impossible, and the Quran said as much.

Shinta also said that polygamy just created problems such as domestic violence, and unhappiness generally, and she hoped that society would become united in eradicating it. antara 46 Comments on “Shinta Nuriyah” December 26, 2006 at 2:43 pm She also told the tale of the Fourth Caliph Ali bin Abi Talib, Muhammad’s son-in-law, who was supposed to have asked his father-in-law for permission to take another wife.

Muhammad however said no, three times and in public. If Muhammad said it in public then it was something that had become a general rule, she said. This is a corrupted tale because this lady didn’t quote what the reason behind prophet objections about the second marriage plan of His son in law.

The prophet said that he didn’t forbid the something God already permitted (polygami) but he didn’t want his beloved daughter in one house with daughter the enemy of God (Abu Jahal). It is clear that’s anti polygami argument was using un-complete tale or corrupted hadist.

Would you please ask her which Qur’an version to justify her husband conduct with few ladies sometimes a go. • December 26, 2006 at 9:43 pm 1ndra, Don’t forget that polygamy is also conditional on the inability to be fair to the orphans of that war! Al Quran is quite clear on this. Marriage in the time of The Prophet was not just as we know it now, it was a social contract to provide care and protection, not just for reproduction and certainly not just for sex.

The Prophet was a fine example of this. His first marriage, at the age of 25, to Khadija, aged 40, was his only marriage until her death some 25 years later, if he had wanted to take a second wife for sexual purposes he could have done so at any time during that 25 years, He would have had his pick of the most beautiful young women in Arabia, if he had so wished.

It was only after the death of Khadija when he was in his 50’s that he took other wives, these were troubled times and many widows and orphans were in need of support and protection. Some of these “wives” were already in their old age, and only lived for a few years after the marriages, reinforcing the fact that it was not sex that drove The Prophet to marry them.

It is without doubt that some of the marriages in his later life were for reasons of political stability and for uniting the various tribes of the area, which was the reason that Allah gave special permission for The Prophet to marry more than 4 wives, sinta nuriyah was for the stability and strength of the Ummah.

sinta nuriyah

If only our present day polygamists had such noble intentions! • December 27, 2006 at 10:07 am In Rasulullah days, poligamy other than protecting the orphans of war is being used for peaceful act, as you know there’re wars and hates and by marriage the wars and hates are diminished, who dare to attack their new family, they sinta nuriyah know better about Islam in that peaceful life. • December 28, 2006 at 1:46 am “He would have had his pick of the most beautiful young women in Arabia, if he had so wished.” You must be god to know that?

Or may be you were already born on these dark times and lived with him? All you say is nothing but assumptions. At aleast 99% of actual and past polygamists are and were just doing so for sexual purpose. Well why not? As long as you live in a pratiarcal country that should not be a big issue.

• December 28, 2006 at 12:31 pm Aide de camp said: You must be god to know that? Or may be you were already born sinta nuriyah these dark times and lived with him? All you say is nothing but assumptions.

At aleast 99% of actual and past polygamists are and were just doing so for sexual purpose. Well why not? As long as you live in a pratiarcal country that should not be a big issue. Why would I need to be God to make such a statement, The Prophet was kind and compassionate even against his enemies, he was not a poor man, he was powerfull, he wielded great influence, both in religious matters and worldly matters, why would he not have had many possible suitors from amongst the young beautiful sinta nuriyah of Arabia, This has nothing to do with being God, it is a matter of commonsense.

Women search for a mate for many reasons, many of those listed above in actual fact. Just look at our own country, do you see any powerfull men who have to try hard to find young attractive female companions? I partly agree with you on your last statement that a large percentage of polygamous marriages were for mens lust, but then they are not following Gods rules are they? Not a big big issue?, well maybe it isn’t for somepeople with twisted morals but maybe you had better ask the first wives how they feel?

As to living in a patriarchal country, if we are following Gods commands, men and women sinta nuriyah equals, there should be no bias towards either sex in any matter Gods natural law is shown in the balance of males to females, from the ages of 16 sinta nuriyah 65 there is a natural ratio of 1 to 1.

If you can’t see the natural balance in that then I feel sorry for you. • January 1, 2007 at 10:46 am Hi MK, My point is …. If marriage is a mandatory, then if one says “up to 4 wives” then I am worried other will say “up to 4 husbands”. Or people will say “Oh no… some have taken more wives/husbands, not enough for us, let marry the same sex”.

I agree with you about “natural balance” but that is not the only reason to have only one wife/husband. sgn • January 1, 2007 at 1:24 pm Hi sgn, I wasn’t suggesting that it was a reason, just a sign that the numbers of men and women are matched for marriage!

My feeling is that if you have made a sinta nuriyah reasoned choice in a marriage partner, and work to make that marriage a success, why should you need another?

There is nothing more wonderful than a successful relationship between a man and a woman, sharing life’s journey together, making joint decisions, raising children, making love, sharing joy and laughter, and supporting each other during times of sadness and sorrow. • January 2, 2007 at 12:49 pm Julita, Please don’t think that I am in any way condoning Polygamy, I am not, I am totally against the concept. But what you are forgetting is that social welfare as we understand it did not exist in ancient times.

The narrow concept which we have in modern times of the definition of the word marriage is not applicable to those times. We have to read these scriptural accounts of life with a wider understanding of the concept of marriage, that of a social contract between people, it was not always a matter of conjugal rights, it was sometimes done to protect and provide for, the protection of the social contract of marriage afforded the widows and orphans the status of the tribe.

The examples given in Al Quran were very specific to the time that they were given, just after the battle of Uhud when there had been terrible losses of the male members of society. The verses in Al Quran are very specific in that the allowance for taking a widowed woman into this type of contract were for protecting her and her orphaned children.

The concept was quite honourable when looked apon from this point of view. It is just a shame that modern men are using those noble principles for the satisfaction of their lusts. • January 2, 2007 at 2:39 pm Well, if God makes several Eves, then Adam would live without rib bones…:D But, we want to know, is women vs men percentage equal?

If 5 billion people with 2.5 billion men and 2.5 billion women then its equal. As we know, men rather die often than women, by war, conflict, accident and much else. If the conditions above apply and for example sinta nuriyah 2 billion men and 3 billion women, then there’re 1 billion women unmarried…live a life by herself. I’m not supporting poligamy but not insult it, I have no capability to judge God.

For me, it’s hard to share heart with other sinta nuriyah when one heart and love is enough. • January 2, 2007 at 3:08 pm 1ndra said: But, we want to know, is women vs men percentage equal? From: Indexmundi 0-14 years: 28.8% (male sinta nuriyah 34,749,582) 15-64 years: 65.8% (male 80,796,794/female 80,754,238) 65 years and over: 5.4% (male 5,737,473/female 7,418,733) (2006 est.) Sex Ratio’s at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female total population: 1 male(s)/female (2006 est.) • January 2, 2007 at 11:51 pm 1ndra, imagine, there are also lesbians.

And they don’t need any man.

sinta nuriyah

What do you want to say? If there are more men living in this sh*t intolerant planet than women, then this is one of the justification to do the polygyny? Are you really bothering the fate of those ladies which don’t have the luck to snatch a man or do you just need an argument for polygyny? Hassan, Julita, don’t use 21st century values and logic to understand about something that had happened some centuries ago.

We live in the 21st century, Hassan. And we only sinta nuriyah the current values and logic, why shouldn’t we use them? So, we have to accept things invented and written some centuries ago without thinking and complaining? And those regulation have their validity in this current different (to those in which these sinta nuriyah are made) era?

Everybody, who says that, is insulting God. Because God, never mind which name we gave Him, give us brain to think the way we learned and we have learned and learn to think according to the current situation and its problems. • January 2, 2007 at 11:56 pm I do not read the Qur’an and will not make detailed comments about it, mine are just questions since it has become a hot discussion in Indonesia and Malayisa?

Mohammed Khafi says: The verses in Al Quran are very specific in that the allowance for taking a widowed woman into this type of contract were for protecting her and her orphaned children.

The concept was quite honourable when looked apon from this point of view. At sinta nuriyah present time, does it has to be a marriage contract?

To me the honour way would be, how about financing the young woman/man for education as a father or uncle would. And let them find partners their age. Right, I am not talking about (old) widows here, it is up to them. It is just a shame that modern men are using those noble principles for the satisfaction of their lusts. Perhaps it needs some reviewing, past situation and the present.

Yes, for many reasons which those faithfull, dedicated wives and mothers can feel (mind you, this kind of unique feeling cannot be found in men).

So it is really amazing to hear women demonstrating sinta nuriyah polygamy. • January 3, 2007 at 6:32 am Hassan said Anyway, shinta nuriyah and her husband seemed like birds of a feather, they sang the same old songs. so what?

sinta nuriyah

Good on them that they are still with each other. She is a very great lady in terms of staying with him although he has physical disabilities. How many people out there, man or woman, would stay with their disabled partners?

not many, cos it’s not easy. They love each other, and it’s sweet as we rarely see that these days. • January 3, 2007 at 10:33 am Julita: Indra, don’t you think you are underestimating God the Almighty? Or are you kidding, that is allright. It’s just kidding, see my 😀 God is all above us, there’s no way to underestimating God. 😉 Tomaculum: Are you really bothering the fate of those ladies which don’t have the luck to snatch a man or do you just need an argument for polygyny?

Please know that I don’t support poligamy and not insult sinta nuriyah either. But in some case, yes, it’s poor for them in their old days they are alone. I hope in the future, there’re better one to one relationship. • January 3, 2007 at 1:05 pm Ihaknt Says: She is a very great lady in terms of staying with him although he has physical disabilities. I just would like to inform you that she also has physical disabilities caused by car iccident very longtime ago, anyway, she is stilll considered “great lady” because she sang your favorite songs.

hi hi hi • January 3, 2007 at 11:42 pm Great Indra, that’s what I thought. Perhaps (just kidding) would have cleared it up immediately. It is good to laugh. Perhaps you have heard this. One day there was a dialog, “Why God did not make wives according to their husbands’ wishes”.

The answer was:” Because Adam was in a deep sleep when God made Eve.” • January 4, 2007 at 10:13 am Tomaculum: I copy pasted some of my statement on the other thread and added some others to answer your questions here. “We live in the 21st century, Hassan.

And we only know the current values and logic, why shouldn’t we use them?” Now, can you determine what is “current value and logic”? “Current values and logic” is a relative term, it is different in iran, the united states and in the amazons, for example.

And we are talking about sinta nuriyah same era here. It is relative depending on geography the the people themselves. No one can dominate what “current values and logic” meant, and force it on other people and other cultures.

Values and logics evolves all the time, what we deemed ‘correct’ in our time will not necessarily be ‘correct’ 50 years from now. Judging the wisdom and values of days gone by with our sinta nuriyah values and logic” (a relative term in itself) is then sometimes unwise and arrogant.

I know we are living in this current era sinta nuriyah it’s current western and non western values and logic. But some people (including Muslims) have their own values and logic. Theirs might come from some scriptures several centuries ago, but can we say it is “wrong” and the modern one is “correct”?

If the two contradicts, can we say the newest one must be the best for them? So, we have to accept things invented and written some centuries ago without thinking and complaining? When it comes to the words of God and the ways of His religion, off course we should comply to it with thinking, but without complaining. Who are we to sinta nuriyah I think it is the people who should comply to God’s ever-lasting regulations, not God’s regulations which should comply and changed to suit the change of lifestyle of the people (who didn’t follow God’s regulations and the lifestyle he wanted us to live by on the first place).

And those regulation have their validity in this current different (to those in which these regulations are made) era? Those regulations were made by the All Knowing and All Wise God, His knowledge spans time and space.

If we questions the validity of His regulations, wouldn’t we be also questioning His wisdom and knowledge in creating such regulations? God, of all Being, must know about the concept of time and the changes of human cultures. When He created regulations for His creations it would be valid until the end of time. Why would He bother creating regulations and religions on the first place if He knew those things would be invalid in the future?

Everybody, who says that, is insulting God. Wouldn’t abandoning His regulations which He had set for us also be an act of insult to God? I’m not saying we shouldn’t use our brain, we should use our brain to comply to His regulations, not use it to change and redefine His words as we see fit.

If humans are belligerent and lived in ways that is against God’s regulations, and a shift sinta nuriyah human cultures and values happened, should God regulations be changed every time such shifts occurs?

•Sinta Nuriyah tahun 2016 Ibu Negara Indonesia ke-4 Masa jabatan 20 Oktober 1999 – 23 Juli 2001 Presiden Abdurrahman Wahid Pendahulu Hasri Ainun Habibie Sinta nuriyah Taufiq Kiemas (sebagai Bapak Negara) Informasi pribadi Lahir 8 Maret 1948 (umur 74) Jombang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia Kebangsaan Indonesia Suami/istri Abdurrahman Wahid Hubungan Wahid Hasyim (mertua) Salahuddin Wahid (adik ipar) Anak Alissa Qotrunnada Zannuba Ariffah Chafsoh Anita Hayatunnufus Inayah Wulandari Tanda tangan Dr.

(H.C) Dra. Hj. Sinta Nuriyah Wahid, M.Hum (lahir 8 Maret 1948) adalah istri dari Presiden Indonesia keempat Abdurrahman Wahid. Ia menjadi Ibu Negara Indonesia keempat dari tahun 1999 hingga tahun 2001. [1] [2] Sinta lahir di Kabupaten Jombang pada tahun 1948 sebagai putri sulung dari 18 bersaudara.

[3] Ia disekolahkan di pesantren. Pada usia 13 tahun, ia jatuh cinta dengan Wahid, gurunya di pesantren. Karena bapaknya, seorang penulis kaligrafi profesional, enggan menyetujui pernikahan mereka, Wahid pergi menuntut ilmu di luar negeri. Ketika Wahid melamar untuk kedua kalinya dari Baghdad, Sinta menerima dan menikahinya tiga tahun sebelum Wahid pulang ke Indonesia. Kakek Wahid menjadi pengganti mempelai pria dalam upacara pernikahan mereka.

[3] Setelah Wahid pulang tahun 1971, Sinta lulus S1 di bidang hukum syariah. Ia membantu menghidupi keempat anaknya dengan membuat dan menjual permen.

[3] Pada tahun 1992, Sinta menjadi korban kecelakaan mobil yang melumpuhkan separuh tubuhnya. Ia menjalani terapi fisik selama satu tahun agar dapat menggerakkan lengannya.

Ia kemudian melanjutkan S2 di bidang kajian perempuan di Universitas Indonesia. Staf universitas membawa Sinta ke lantai empat gedung universitas menggunakan tandu. [3] Sejak suaminya dimakzulkan, Sinta menjadi aktivis pendukung Islam moderat. Ia memulai tradisi buka puasa lintas agama pada bulan Ramadan. [4] Ia memuji keberanian Gubernur DKI Jakarta, Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, dan menyebut bahwa poligami selama ini tidak adil.

[3] Banser mengamankan setiap kegiatan-kegiatannya karena ia sering mendapat ancaman dari beberapa orang. [3] Daftar isi • 1 Pekerjaan • 2 Pendidikan • 3 Pengalaman, aktivitas, dan organisasi • 4 Karya • 5 Karier dan perjuangan • 6 Penghargaan • 7 Referensi Pekerjaan [ sunting - sunting sumber ] • Ibu Negara RI ke 4 • Ketua Yayasan Puan Amal Hayati Pendidikan [ sunting - sunting sumber ] • Sekolah Rakyat (SR) Jombang • MM (Madrasah Muallimat) Bahrul Ulum, Tambak Beras, Jombang • Strata Satu (S1) Sinta nuriyah Syariah IAIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta • Strata Dua (S2) Program Kajian Wanita Program Pascasarjana Universitas Indonesia Jakarta Pengalaman, aktivitas, dan organisasi [ sunting - sunting sumber ] • Tenaga pengajar di Pesantren Mambaul Ma’arif, Denanyar,Jombang • Tenaga pengajar di Universitas Hasyim Asy’ari, Tebuireng, Jombang • Tenaga Pengajar di Universitas Darul Ulum, Rejoso, Jombang • Jurnalis Majalah Keluarga Zaman tahun 1980-1985 • Wartawan Majalah Matra • Dewan Penasehat Komnas HAM • Ketua Pelapor Khusus Kebebasan Beragama Komnas Perempuan • Anggota Kongres Wanita Indonesia (KOWANI) • Komisi Nasional Kedudukan Wanita Indonesia • Pendiri Yayasan Puan Amal Hayati yang bergerak dalam bidang advokasi dan konseling terhadap perempuan dan anak korban kekerasan • Pendiri Yayasan al-Munawaroh (bergerak pada pemberian bantuan dana/ beasiswa kepada anak sekolah, keluarga tidak mampu, para penyandang cacat, dan korban bencana), tahun 1996 Karya [ sunting - sunting sumber ] • Perempuan dan Pluralisme, (LkiS: 2019) • Pesantren Tradisi dan Kebudayaan, (LkiS: 2019) • Romantika Kehidupan: Kumpulan Kasus Kekerasan Terhadap Perempuan, (Yayasan Puan Amal Hayati: 2009) • Forum Kajian Kitab Kuning (FK3): Kembang Setaman Perkawinan “Analisis Kritis Kitab ‘Uqud Al Lujjayn”, (Penerbit Buku Kompas: 2005) • Forum Kajian Kitab Kuning (FK3): Wajah Baru Relasi Suami-Istri “Telaah Kitab ‘Uqud Al Lujjayn”, (LKiS Yogyakarta: sinta nuriyah Karier dan perjuangan [ sunting - sunting sumber ] Shinta Nuriyah Abdurrahman Wahid memang telah memiliki pemikiran yang kritis dan perhatian sangat besar terhadap kondisi perempuan di Indonesia sejak remaja.

Sejak awal ia telah melihat betapa peran dan kedudukan perempuan masih banyak yang direndahkan, utamanya di komunitas masyarakat Islam. Shinta Nuriyah melihat adanya penafsiran yang masih bias gender terhadap kondisi perempuan dalam ajaran Agama Islam. Kondisi ini mengakibatkan adanya anggapan di sebagian masyarakat bahwa kedudukan perempuan tidak setara dengan laki-laki.

Padahal menurutnya, perempuan adalah sinta nuriyah sentral dalam kehidupan umat manusia, karena mengemban tugas suci, melahirkan, dan mendidik anak manusia. Hal ini yang mendorong Shinta Nuriyah pada tahun 2001 sinta nuriyah Yayasan Puan Amal Hayati, dengan tujuan agar bisa lebih efektif dalam berjuang membela hak dan membebaskan kaum perempuan dari belenggu ketertindasan dan keterbelakangan.

Kata ‘Puan’ itu sendiri adalah kepanjangan dari Pesantren untuk Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Anak. Meski Shinta Nuriyah berangkat dan memperoleh pendidikan dari Pesantren Tambak Beras, sebagai pesantren yang dihormati dan sangat berpengaruh di Jombang, namun oleh kedua orangtuanya ia dididik untuk berani berpikir terbuka dan kritis. Suatu kondisi yang jarang ditemui di lingkungan pesantren tradisional saat itu.

Karena itu, selain advokasi dan konseling, salah satu kegiatan utama Yayasan Puan Amal Hayati adalah mengkaji dan mendiskusikan Kitab Kuning, khususnya yang berkaitan dengan hak dan kewajiban perempuan dalam Islam. Kitab Kuning adalah sebutan untuk kumpulan tulisan pemikiran para ulama terkemuka atas Al Quran dan Hadits yang menjadi rujukan utama di berbagai sinta nuriyah dalam mempelajari agama Islam. Shinta Nuriyah merasa perlu mengkaji masalah ini dengan mendalam dan menyeluruh, karena ia memiliki keyakinan kuat bahwa Islam mengajarkan persamaan kedudukan antara laki-laki dan perempuan.

Islam sangat menghargai dan sangat menghormati perempuan karena Islam menempatkan seluruh umatnya setara di hadapan Tuhan Yang Maha Esa. Keyakinan akan kesetaraan bagi sinta nuriyah ini pula yang mendorong tekad Shinta Nuriyah untuk selalu berada di depan dalam membela kaum yang tertindas atau marginal, tanpa memandang latar belakang suku, agama, ras atau bahkan golongan orang-orang yang dianggap memiliki perilaku menyimpang dari kelaziman kehidupan sosialnya sekalipun.

Shinta Nuriyah yang telah menuntaskan program Pasca Sarjana Studi Kajian Wanita dari Universitas Indonesia ini, ingin mengedukasi masyarakat bahwa Islam tidak menempatkan kedudukan perempuan dibawah laki-laki, seperti yang selama ini dipersepsikan oleh sebagian masyarakat sinta nuriyah. Shinta Nuriyah, yang dahulu juga berperan sebagai partner utama diskusi suaminya tentang sinta nuriyah hal, Almarhum Gus Dur; meyakini bahwa masalah persamaan gender adalah masalah serius sinta nuriyah perlu mendapat perhatian besar dari kita semua.

Hal ini mengingat bahwa perempuan adalah seorang ibu yang menjadi muara/oase dari perjalanan panjang peradaban umat manusia. Menurut ibu dari empat orang anak yang berfikiran progresif ini; perempuan jelas memiliki peran yang tak tergantikan dan sangat terhormat dalam masyarakat, sehingga sudah selayaknya perempuan memiliki kedudukan, hak dan kewajiban yang tidak berbeda dengan laki-laki.

Penghargaan [ sunting - sunting sumber ] • Penghargaan dari The Purnomo Yusgiantoro Center dalam PYC Award 2019 berupa Apreciation: In Recognition of Your Mutual Cooperation with PYC (2019) • Piagam penghargaan dari Kongres Wanita Indonesia (Kowani) sebagai Ibu Bangsa (2018) • Masuk daftar 100 orang tokoh paling berpengaruh di Dunia versi Majalah Time, dalam kategori tokoh pejuang perempuan dan kaum minoritas (2018) • Memperoleh penghargaan Internasional, sebagai 11 Perempuan Paling Sinta nuriyah versi Harian Sinta nuriyah York Times (2017) • Piagam Penghargaan dari Unit Kerja Presiden Pembinaan Ideologi Pancasila (UKP-Pancasila) sebagai Tokoh Penggiat Sosial (2017) • Piagam Penghargaan dari Menteri Sosial RI sebagai Pelopor Gerakan Aksesibilitas Umum Nasional (GAUN) untuk Penyandang Disabilitas (2015) • Lifetime Achievement Award dari Media Rakyat Merdeka Online sebagai Pejuang Perempuan dan Kaum Minoritas (2013) • Penghargaan dari Kakorlantas Polri sebagai Pelopor Keselamatan Lalu Lintas (2013) • Soka Women's College Comendation of Friendship dari Soka Women's College Universitas Soka sebagai Pejuang Perempuan (2012) • Bintang Jasa Adipradana dari Negara Republik Indonesia sebagai Pendamping Presiden Abdurrahman Wahid dan Pejuang Kemanusiaan (2011) Referensi [ sunting - sunting sumber ] • ^ Kepustakaan Presiden-Presiden Republik Indonesia: Sinta Nuriyah sinta nuriyah pranala nonaktif permanen] • ^ Robinson, Kathryn May (2009).

Gender, Islam, and democracy in Indonesia. Taylor & Francis. hlm. 76. ISBN 978-0-415-41583-5. • ^ a b c d e f Emont, Jon (8 April 2017). "A Former First Lady Presses On for a Tolerant, Feminist Islam".

The New York Times. hlm. A6. Diakses tanggal 14 April 2017. • ^ "Ex-first lady holds 'sahur' with marginalized people for RI unity". The Jakarta Post. 29 June 2015. Jabatan politik Didahului oleh: Hasri Ainun Habibie Ibu Negara Indonesia 1999–2001 Diteruskan oleh: Taufiq Kiemas • Halaman ini terakhir diubah pada 20 Desember 2021, pukul 04.30. • Teks tersedia di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa; ketentuan tambahan mungkin berlaku. Lihat Ketentuan Penggunaan untuk lebih jelasnya.

• Kebijakan privasi • Tentang Wikipedia • Penyangkalan • Tampilan seluler • Pengembang • Statistik • Pernyataan kuki • •
Sinta Nuriyah Wahid (also Sinta Wahid; 8 March 1948) is the widow of former Indonesian President Abdurrahman Wahid.

She was First Lady of Indonesia from 1999 to 2001. [1] Early life [ edit ] Sinta was born in the Jombang Regency in 1948, the eldest daughter of 18 children. [2] She attended an Islamic boarding school, where, at age 13, she fell in love with Wahid, who was a teacher there.

After her father, a professional calligrapher, refused to approve the marriage, Wahid, whose father was the leader of Nahdlatul Ulama, went abroad to study. When Wahid proposed again from Baghdad, Sinta accepted, marrying him three years before he returned to Indonesia in a ceremony where Wahid's grandfather stood in as a proxy.

[2] After Wahid returned in 1971, Sinta finished a degree in Sharia law. She helped support their four children by making and selling candies. [2] In 1992, Sinta was in a car accident that left her paralyzed from the waist down. It took a year of physical therapy before she was able to move her arms.

She then finished her women's studies graduate degree at the University of Indonesia by having university staff carry her on a stretcher up to the building's fourth floor. [2] Since her husband's impeachment, Sinta had been an outspoken defender of moderate Islam.

She has pursued a tradition of holding inter-faith meals during Ramadan. [3] She has praised the bravery of Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama and has criticized polygamy as unfair. [2] After she was threatened by extremists, the Banser militia mobilized to protect her events. [2] She was included in TIME 100 list as one of The Most Influential People in 2018.

[4] References [ edit ] • ^ Robinson, Kathryn May (2009). Gender, Islam, and democracy in Indonesia. Taylor & Francis. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-415-41583-5. • ^ a b c d e f Emont, Jon (8 April 2017).

"A Former First Lady Presses On for a Tolerant, Feminist Islam". The New York Times. p. A6. Retrieved 14 April 2017. • sinta nuriyah "Ex-first lady holds 'sahur' with marginalized people for RI unity". The Jakarta Post. 29 June 2015. • ^ "Sinta Nuriyah is on the 2018 TIME 100 list". TIME. 1 April 2018. Political offices Preceded by Edit links • This page was last edited on 31 May 2021, at 12:18 (UTC).

• Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0 ; additional terms may apply.

sinta nuriyah

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. • Privacy policy • About Wikipedia • Disclaimers • Contact Wikipedia • Mobile view • Developers • Statistics • Cookie statement • •




2022 www.videocon.com