A sikuri, played in hocket, with multiple instruments sharing the melody. Computer-generated file. Siku ( Quechua: antara, Aymara: siku, also "sicu," "sicus," "zampolla" or Spanish zampoña) is a traditional Andean panpipe.  This instrument is the main instrument used in a musical genre known as sikuri. It is traditionally found all across the Andes but is more typically associated with music from the Kollasuyo, or Aymara siku regions around Lake Titicaca.
 Historically because of the complicated mountain geography of the region, and due to other factors, in some regions each community would develop its own type of siku, with its own special tuning, shape and size. Additionally each community developed its own style of playing. Today the siku has been standardized to fit in with modern western forms of music and has been transported from its traditional roots.
Contents • 1 History of the siku • 2 Design • 3 Varieties • 4 Scale and tuning • 5 Siku also • 6 Sources History of the siku [ edit ] The siku ( panpipe) is originally from the Aymaras of Perú and Bolivia, where siku woman would play her siku as she came down from the mountains. Since the largest siku has every note (A-G), and was too big for the woman, they often got two sikus (usually smaller ones) that would be played together with someone else, so they could play them continuously after each other and thus the scales could fully be played.
Once the women partnered, they then became musically bonded with each other, as part of their religion, and neither could play siku pipes with any other for the rest of their life.
[ citation needed] Women would also assemble into groups as they came down the mountains, each group would play different tunes, and siku they got together, they siku blend all the melodies together to create one complete melody. The woman also played the siku to attract wild goat that they would then harvest. [ clarification needed] Design [ edit ] Sikus are typically made from bamboo shoots, but have also been made from condor siku, bone, and many other materials.
Additionally, different types of bamboo are employed to change the quality of the sound. Songo, or siku bamboo, gives a louder, more resonant sound than regular deep-walled bamboo, but siku less common due to siku fragility.
The antara are traditionally made from a type of cane known as chuki or chajlla ( Arundo donax) that grows in the ceja de la selva, literally "the eyebrow of the forest". The pipes are held together by one or two strips of cane (ties) to form a trapezoidal plane (like a raft).
Antaras are of different sizes and they produce diverse sounds. Siku is split across two rows of pipes. One must alternate rows with every note in order to play a complete siku. Traditionally, two musicians were required to play the siku, each one taking one row of the instrument.
One part of the instrument is called ira, another arka. It is considered that spiritually ira corresponds to male principle and arka to female. When many siku divide in two parts, first playing ira and second playing arka, this gives Andean music a distinctive stereophonic sound. Hear example. Now it is more common to see one musician playing both rows of the instrument together, but rustic ensembles retain traditional playing.
Varieties [ edit ] The most widespread variety of siku, siku ch'alla, contains 13 pipes (6 in ira and 7 in arka), but less common varieties siku have more and fewer pipes. Some of them employ extra open-ended reeds attached to the front of the instrument to change the sound quality. The tabla siku has all of the pipes cut to the same length, so the instrument is rectangular in shape but has stoppers inside the tubes to adjust the actual siku length of the chambers.
Scale and tuning [ edit ] The siku uses a diatonic scale. Siku ch'alla is tuned in E minor / G major, arca: D-F #-A-C-E-G-B and siku #-A. There are a contemporary varieties of siku with chromatic scale having 3 rows, with pitch distribution similar to chromatic button accordion.
See also [ edit ] siku Andean music • Sicus (disambiguation) Sources [ edit ] Hidden categories: • Articles containing Quechua-language text • Articles containing Aymara-language text • All articles with unsourced statements • Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012 • Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2012 • Articles with LCCN identifiers • Articles with NDL identifiers • Articles with MusicBrainz instrument identifiers Edit links • This page was last edited on 24 Siku 2021, at 07:19 (UTC).
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The SIKU app makes it easy to share ice knowledge by including photos, video, and tagging Inuktut sea ice terminology. The contents of your posts contribute to the SIKU Ice Map and other ice safety initiatives in your community.
View the latest Ice Watch posts on SIKU. Join the 2022 Ice Watch Challenge and make ice observation posts with the SIKU siku and you could win a skidoo from Contant!
The SIKU app makes it easy to share ice knowledge by including photos, video, and tagging Inuktut sea ice terminology. The contents of your posts contribute siku the SIKU Ice Map and other ice safety initiatives in your community.
View the latest Ice Watch posts on SIKU. Grand Prizes At the end of the challenge in June, four grand prize winners will be selected based on their excellent contributions to Indigenous Knowledge of ice. • 🥇 1st Grand Prize - 2022 600A Sport Siku Touring Siku, sponsored by Contant! • 🥈 2nd Grand Prize - $500 Northern gift card • 🥉 3rd Grand Prize - $250 Northern gift card • 🎉 Bonus Grand Prize - Handmade Harpoon • Download the SIKU app for iPhone or Android • Create siku account - it’s free!
• Make an Ice Post while on the land • Take an ice photo or video • Tag an ice type – include a description if no tag is available • Tag your Inuit community in Canada • Create and upload your ice post between March 17th and June 30th, 2022 Posts must be created on the land at the location of the ice observation, which is automatically recorded by the app.
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How can I make a really good post? • Share Inuit Knowledge about ice conditions • Include ice terms in your local dialect • Help share knowledge between generations such as by making posts with elders or other ice experts • Share ice safety information • Get lots of comments and likes on SIKU • Take interesting photos of ice • Provide detailed information such as documenting changes in ice over time • Tell a good story in the ice comments text box such as linking current conditions to your knowledge about past ice conditions Frequently Asked Questions Q.
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A. Learn how to download the SIKU app, create an account and make an ice post. Q. How do I know if I won?
A. A SIKU administrator will comment on your post on SIKU to declare you siku winner.
Q. What if there is no ice tag for the type of ice I saw? A. No problem. If there’s no tag, you can write the term in your siku (with a short description) in the "Ice Notes" text box.
Q. When will winners siku announced? A. Weekly winners will be announced each Wednesday. This will cover posts made the previous week (Monday, 12:00 am EST - Sunday, 11:59 PM EST). All posts made Sunday night after midnight will be included in the next week's draw. Q. Can I enter if I’m not from an Inuit community? A. All applicants must live in an Inuit community in Canada Q. What if I have a cool photo of ice from earlier this year or last year? A. Ice posts should be created on the ice in the place and at the time where you observed the ice.
Because of this, pictures and ice information from before siku competition period is not siku.
However, video interviews with elders discussing ice conditions including those earlier in the year are eligible. Q. Who selects the 10 finalists? A. The jury is composed of ice experts including Inuit partners from the Arctic Eider Society and SmartICE with expertise and knowledge of ice safety and ice conditions. Q. I need more help, who do I talk to? A. Please contact us if you have additional questions or to claim your prize.
Q. Can you tell me more about SIKU? A. SIKU is a social media technology platform and mobile app developed by and for Inuit. It includes weather, tides, satellite imagery, ice safety services like SmartICE, and maps with GPS and traditional place names - all in one place. Inuit can share and comment on observations about dangerous conditions, hunting stories, trip tracks, Inuit knowledge and local Inuktut dialects.
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Terms and conditions • Be careful and never put yourself in danger in order to create a post for the Ice Watch competition. Do not approach dangerous areas. • Use SIKU ice services at your own risk. We cannot guarantee the accuracy of information shared by other users or from 3rd party services.
Do not use siku post data and other SIKU ice services as a primary way to assess ice safety; they work best when combined with your own experience and knowledge of the ice, and that of experts in your community.
• By entering the Ice Watch Competition, you agree to make your SIKU Ice Posts publicly visible and to contribute ice data to products and siku, such as the SIKU Ice Map, for the benefit of Indigenous communities. • Winning posts may be shared to promote the Ice Watch in the press and social media, such as on Facebook and Instagram. • Participants may be subject to additional terms and conditions and winners will be determined at the sole discretion of the Arctic Eider Society.
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