Dona clara

dona clara

Number of employees +230,000 Divisions Coca-Cola FEMSA FEMSA Comercio FEMSA Negocios Estrategicos Heineken (14.8%) Fomento Económico Mexicano, S.A.B. de C.V., doing business as FEMSA, is a Mexican multinational beverage and retail company headquartered in Monterrey, Mexico. It operates the largest independent Coca-Cola bottling group in the world and the largest convenience store chain in Mexico.

It is also the second largest shareholder of Heineken N.V. FEMSA reported revenues of US$26.9 billion for 2019, making it the fifth largest company of Mexico. [2] It has operations in Latin America mainly through bottling plants, convenience stores, drugstores, fuel stations, and third-party logistic services, and in the United States, where it participates in the jan-san distribution industry.

It is well known in Mexico for its convenience store chain Oxxo, it previously owned Cuauhtémoc Moctezuma Brewery (exchanged in 2010 for a 20% stake in Heineken N.V.), and for being the owner of the C.F.

Monterrey, a Mexican First-Division football team. FEMSA has been listed on the Mexican Stock Exchange since 1978 and on the NYSE through ADRs since 1998. It is a constituent of the IPC, the main benchmark index of the Mexican Stock Exchange, and of the S&P Latin America 40, which includes leading, blue chip companies from Latin America. Contents • 1 History • 2 Divisions • 2.1 FEMSA Comercio • 2.1.1 Proximity division • 2.1.2 Health division • 2.1.3 Fuel division • 2.2 Coca-Cola FEMSA • 2.3 FEMSA Negocios Estratégicos • 2.3.1 Solistica • 2.3.2 Imbera • 2.3.3 Plásticos Técnicos Mexicanos (PTM) • 3 See also • 4 References History [ edit ] Cuauhtémoc brewery was established in 1890.

[3] In 1985, Cuauhtémoc merged with Moctezuma to form Cervecería Cuauhtémoc Moctezuma. [3] FEMSA was established from Grupo Visa in 1988. [4] In 1993, Coca-Cola purchased a 30 percent stake in FEMSA, creating the Coca-Cola FEMSA division. [5] In January 2006, FEMSA Cerveza acquired Kaiser Cervejarias from Molson Coors Brewing Co. [6] On December 19, 2006, Coca-Cola FEMSA announced its attempt to buy out Mexican juice producer Jugos del Valle.

It was acquired in 2007. On December 20, 2007, Cascade Investments LLC, whose main partner is Bill Gates, announced it would invest $390 million in FEMSA.

The Reuters news agency stated that after this investment, "Gates owns a 1.2 percent stake in Femsa’s Series B shares, a 5 percent stake in Series D-B shares, and a 5 percent stake in Series D-L shares." This investment caused the Bill and Melinda Gates' foundation to become the institutional holder possessing the most shares of FEMSA.

[7] On January 11, 2010, the Dutch brewing dona clara Heineken International purchased FEMSA Cerveza ( Cervecería Cuauhtémoc Moctezuma), the beer operations of FEMSA, in a stock swap that left FEMSA a 20% owner in the Heineken. [8] In 2011, Coca-Cola FEMSA acquired regional Mexican Coke bottler Grupo Cimsa for 11 billion MXN (US$838 million). [9] In July 2012, Coca-Cola FEMSA announced that it had purchased Lácteos Santa Clara, one of the largest dairy bottlers in Mexico.

[10] In August 2015, FEMSA, through its subsidiary FEMSA Comercio entered the drugstore business in South America by acquiring a majority interest in Socofar, a leading South American drugstore operator based in Santiago, Chile. [11] In March 2017, FEMSA's Imbera division announced their shift to hydrocarbons in manufacturing their Coke beverage coolers.

[12] The company enacted the manufacturing shift in order to meet higher efficiency standards. In October 2017, FEMSA Logistica rebranded to Solistica. [13] In early 2019, FEMSA, through its subsidiary FEMSA Comercio, acquired Ecuadorean company Corporacion GPF. [14] In September 2019, FEMSA signed a deal to acquired a minority stake in Jetro Restaurant Depot. [15] In November 2019, FEMSA Logistics subsidiary Solistica completed their acquisition of Brazilian company AGV.

[16] Also in November 2019, FEMSA Comercio closed the acquisition of a 50 percent stake in Raizen Conveniencias. [17] In March 2020, FEMSA acquired a majority stake in WAXIE Sanitary Supply and North American Corporation, to form a new platform within the Jan-San, Packaging and Specialized distribution industry in the United States. [18] Divisions [ edit ] FEMSA Comercio [ edit ] Proximity division [ edit ] FEMSA Comercio operates OXXO, the leading convenience store chain in Mexico and a growing portfolio of other small-format retail chains in Latin America.

[19] OXXO, a subsidiary of FEMSA, was established in 1978. [19] In 2010, OXXO, a subsidiary of FEMSA Comercio, partnered with Heineken Mexico. OXXO's ten-year agreement with Heineken Mexico was renegotiated in early 2019. [20] In 2013 the FEMSA group acquired an 80% holding in the Mexican arm of restaurant chain Gorditas Doña Tota for US$120 million, their interest being limited to operations within Mexico.

[21] Operations within the United States remain in the hands of the original business owners. [22] The company operates as a subsidiary of Femsa Comercio S.A. de C.V. [23] As of 2017 the company dona clara more than 200 restaurants in 60 Mexican cities and towns. [24] [25] Gorditas Doña Tota started in 1952 when Carlota Murillo of Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas began selling gorditas on the street, from a cart on the sidewalk. [24] Health division [ edit ] In November 2012, FEMSA announced it had purchased dona clara 75 percent controlling stake in convenience store Farmacias Yza.

[26] In May 2013, FEMSA announced the acquisition of another convenience store, Farmacias FM Moderna. [27] In September 2015, FEMSA Comercio acquired a controlling stake in SOCOFAR. [28] In December 2015, FEMSA, through FEMSA Comercio, acquired SOCOFAR, a Chilean drugstore company operating the Cruz Verde drugstore network in Chile and Colombia. SOCOFAR was founded in the 1980s and is the largest drugstore chain in Chile, a strong presence in Colombia.

[29] In September 2018, FEMSA, through FEMSA Comercio, announced the acquisition of Ecuadorian drugstore chains Fybeca and SanaSana. [30] In May 2019, FEMSA Comercio completed its acquisition of Fybeca.

[31] FEMSA Comercio announced in December 2019 dona clara to acquire the remaining 40 percent minority stake of SOCOFAR. [32] FEMSA acquired dona clara remaining stake in SOCOFAR in January 2020.

[33] Fuel division [ edit ] OXXO Gas is an affiliate of OXXO, and as of 2020 operates approximately 550 stations dona clara 17 Mexican states. [34] Coca-Cola FEMSA [ edit ] FEMSA owns 47.9% of the world's largest bottler of Coca-Cola by volume, Coca-Cola FEMSA, S.A. de C.V. ( NYSE: KOF), which operates in ten countries covering the metropolitan area of Mexico City, southeast Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Philippines. Coca-Cola FEMSA is the anchor bottler of Coca-Cola and its related soft drink products in much of Latin America.

The company is an important part of the Coca-Cola System. During 2019, the company produced and sold 11.1% of Coca-Cola’s volume worldwide. This makes it the largest Coca-Cola bottler in the world.

[35] The company is owned 47.9% by FEMSA, 28.1% by The Coca-Cola Company and the remaining interest trades on the New York Stock Exchange and the Mexico City Stock Exchange. [36] The company is headquartered in Monterrey.

The dona clara is the bottler of Coca-Cola in half of Mexico (including Mexico City, Oaxaca, Dona clara, Guanajuato, Querétaro, Veracruz, Puebla and Michoacan) the Buenos Aires region of Argentina, São Paulo and other areas of Brazil, greater Guatemala City, Guatemala, most of Colombia, and all of Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama, Venezuela and the Philippines (until 2018). The company also distributes beer and bottled water in some of its territories. On 29 June 2011, was announced that FEMSA will merge to the bottling division of Grupo Tampico, agreeing to pay 9.3 billion pesos (790 million dollars) in stock for the Coke bottling operations of Grupo Tampico.

[37] In September 2011, Coca-Cola FEMSA acquired Dona clara Cimsa, a Coke bottler in Morelos, Mexico, Guerrero and Michoacan. [9] FEMSA Negocios Estratégicos [ edit ] FEMSA Negocios Estratégicos (formerly known as FEMSA Insumos Estratégicos) provides logistics, point-of-sale refrigeration solutions [ buzzword] and plastics solutions [ clarification needed] to FEMSA's business units and third-party clients. It is subsequently divided into: Solistica [ edit ] Solistica is a third-party logistics provider for a number of industries, including pharmaceuticals, automotive, technology, and consumer goods.

Solistica manages primary distribution for Coca-Cola FEMSA and Heineken and secondary distribution for FEMSA Comercio’s Proximity Division. [38] Imbera [ edit ] Imbera manufactures equipment for the soft drink, beer and food service industries, including coolers, food processing, storage and weighing equipment. [38] Imbera has manufacturing plants in Mexico, Colombia, and Brazil. [39] Plásticos Técnicos Mexicanos (PTM) [ edit ] PTM provides solutions [ buzzword] and develops "plastic transformation projects" tailored to FEMSA Enterprises and third-party clients in terms of materials handling, automobiles, and food/beverages.

Their capacity includes the different plastic manufacturing processes: blowing, injecting, heat forming, and extrusion. [40] See also [ edit ] • ^ "John Anthony Santa María Otazua Chief Executive Officer".

dona clara

Bloomberg. • ^ "Top 10 del Ranking 2014". CNN Expansión. Archived from the original on 2014-06-27. Retrieved 2014-06-26. • ^ a b "The History of Cinco de Mayo and Mexican Beer". Home Brew Academy. Retrieved 21 January 2021. • ^ John T. Hyatt (27 April 2016). Mexican Business Dona clara Essays on Tradition, Ethics, Entrepreneurship and Commerce and the State. McFarland. ISBN 9781476623139. Retrieved 21 January 2021. • ^ Tim Golden. "Coke Plans to Buy 30% Stake In Mexican Soft Drink Unit". The New York Times.

Retrieved 21 January 2021. • ^ Molson Coors Archived 2007-10-11 at the Wayback Machine Press release • ^ "Bill Gates buys stake in Mexican brewer Femsa". Reuters. 2007-12-21. Retrieved 2019-09-30. • ^ "Heineken agrees Mexican beer deal". BBC News. January 11, 2010. Retrieved May 2, 2010. • ^ a b Guthrie, Amy. "Mexico's Coca-Cola Femsa to buy bottler Cimsa". MarketWatch.

Retrieved 2015-04-12. • ^ "Vía Jugos del Valle, FEMSA toma control del productor de lácteos Santa Clara 2012/07/04 - Excélsior" (in Spanish). Excelsior.com.mx. Retrieved 2017-12-13. • ^ "FEMSA Comercio To Buy Majority Stake In Chile's Grupo Socofar For $998 Mln". RTT Dona clara. 14 August 2015. • ^ Garry, Michael (20 March 2017). "Imbera migrates Coke coolers to HCs". Hydrocarbons 21. • ^ Silva Mendez, Miguel Ángel (20 October 2017). "Es Solistica, nuevo nombre de FEMSA Logística". Automores-Rev.

• ^ "Mexico's Femsa to enter Ecuadorean drug store business".

dona clara

Reuters. 24 September 2018. • ^ "FEMSA completes investment in US cash and carry leader Jetro Restaurant Depot".

Intrado. 8 November 2019. • ^ "FEMSA's (FMX) Unit Acquires AGV, Expands Footprint in Brazil". Yahoo! Finance. 30 December 2019. • ^ "FEMSA Comercio announces the Closing of joint venture agreement with Raízen". Intrado. 1 November 2019. • ^ "FEMSA Acquires North American and WAXIE".

Cleary Gottlieb. 10 March 2020. • ^ a b "Oxxo stores are everywhere and they continue to multiply". Mexico News Daily. • ^ "OXXO and HEINEKEN Mexico extend their commercial relationship". Intrado. • ^ Redacción. "Femsa, adquiere el 80% de "Doña Tota" ". • ^ "FEMSA adquiere por 120 mdd a Gorditas Doña Tota". • ^ "Company Overview of Gorditas Dona Tota S.A. de C.V." bloomberg.com. Bloomberg. Retrieved 4 December 2017.

• ^ a b "Este mapa te muestra el origen de las 32 marcas más populares de México" [This map shows you the origin of the 32 most popular brands in Mexico]. Vangardia.mx. 12 September 2017. Retrieved 1 December 2017. La receta de gorditas de esta mujer se puede encontrar ahora en más de 60 ciudades y 200 restaurantes. [This woman's recipe for gorditas can now be found in more than 60 cities and 200 restaurants.] • ^ "Corporate website".

donatota.com. Gorditas Dona Tota. Retrieved 4 December 2017. • ^ "Femsa adquiere participación de farmacias YZA". Economist. • ^ Rich Smith. "FEMSA Buys Another Drugstore Chain". • ^ "FEMSA (FMX) Buys Big John, Enhances Operations in Chile". Zacks Equity Research. • ^ "Mexico's Femsa to buy Chile pharmacy chain Cruz Verde for $1 bln". Reuters. • ^ "Mexico's FEMSA buys Ecuadorian drugstore operator".

S&P Global. • ^ "FEMSA closes purchase of Fybeca in Ecuador". LexLatin. • ^ "FEMSA's (FMX) Unit Acquires AGV, Expands Footprint in Brazil". Yahoo! Finance. • ^ "FEMSA Buys a 40% Socofar Stake, Boosts Drugstore Operations". Dona clara Finance. • ^ "Mexico's Femsa Announces Major Expansion Of OXXO-Branded Gas Stations".

Forbes. • ^ "Coca-Cola FEMSA: The World's Largest Coca-Cola Bottler At A Discount To Fair Value". Seeking Alpha. Retrieved 2021-06-28. • ^ "FEMSA - Corporate Structure". Retrieved 2016-03-30. • ^ Elinor Comlay (29 June 2011). "Mexico's Coca-Cola FEMSA open to more deals". Reuters.com. Retrieved 30 June 2011. • ^ a b "2020 Annual Report". FEMSA Annual Report.

• ^ "Imbera Cooling". Retrieved 2016-03-30. • ^ "PTM". Retrieved 2016-03-30. • AmBev • América Móvil • B3 • Bradesco • Banco de Chile • Banco do Brasil • Banco Santander-Chile • Bancolombia • Banorte • BRF • CCR • Cemex • Cencosud • Credicorp • Ecopetrol • Empresas CMPC • Empresas Copec • Enel Américas • Falabella • FEMSA • Fibra Uno • Gerdau • Grupo México • Interconexión Eléctrica [ es] • Itaú Unibanco • Itaúsa • Localiza • Lojas Renner • Magazine Luiza • Dona clara & Co • PagSeguro • Petrobras • Rede D'Or São Luiz • SQM • Southern Copper • StoneCo [ pt] • Televisa • Vale • Wal-Mart de Mexico • WEG Hidden categories: • Webarchive template wayback links • CS1 Spanish-language sources (es) • Articles with short description • Short description is different from Wikidata • Wikipedia articles containing buzzwords from December 2021 • Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2018 • Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2022 • All articles containing potentially dated statements • AC with 0 elements • AC using state parameter: expanded Edit links • This page was last edited on dona clara May 2022, at 07:20 (UTC).

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Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., dona clara non-profit organization. • Privacy policy • About Wikipedia • Disclaimers • Contact Wikipedia • Mobile view • Developers • Statistics • Cookie statement • • • Share this article on Facebook • Share this article on Twitter • Share this article on Email • Show additional share options • Share this article on Print • Share this article on Comment • Share this article on Whatsapp • Share this article on Linkedin • Share this article on Reddit • Share this article on Pinit • Share this article on Tumblr • Share this article on Facebook • Share this article on Twitter • Share this article on Email • Show additional share options • Share this dona clara on Print • Share this article on Comment • Share this article on Whatsapp • Share this article on Linkedin • Share this article on Reddit • Share this article on Pinit • Share this article on Tumblr As the cast of Encanto surprised audiences with a Megan Thee Stallion-featuring performance of the megahit song “We Don’t Talk About Bruno,” another first was underway at the Academy Awards: TikTok made it to the Oscars.

As castmembers like Stephanie Beatriz, Diane Guerrero, Adassa and Mauro Castillo were joined by Becky G and Luis Fonsi for a new rendition of the song, a swirling projected globe in the background of the performance featured a total of 88 TikTok videos, according to a TikTok spokesperson, about Encanto and its earworm song. The projected videos marked the first time TikTok videos have ever appeared at the Oscars during a night when two Twitter-voted films were also recognized during the ceremony.

Earlier in the evening, two TikTok creators — Emily Uribe ( @emilyuuribe) and Juju Green ( @straw_hat_goofy) — also joined the Oscars red carpet to interview talent as part of a partnership between the social platform and the Academy. But the direct nod to TikTok during the “We Don’t Talk About Bruno” performance helped recognize how the social platform propelled the song to viral status.

To date, “Bruno” has been used in more than 1 million TikTok videos and Lin-Manuel Miranda has even thanked TikTok users for the Encanto soundtrack’s massive commercial success. “From your truly surreal and incredible ‘We Don’t Talk About Bruno’ dances to the heartfelt stories set to ‘Dos Oruguitas,’ it’s amazing what you have done and the way you guys have taken these songs and been inspired by them and made amazing artwork of your own,” Miranda said in a video shared the week before the Oscars.

“I’m truly grateful.” Subscriber Support • Get the Magazine • Customer Service • Back Issues dona clara E-edition Access The Hollywood Reporter • About Us • Advertise • Careers • Contact Us • Accessibility Legal • Terms of Use • Privacy Policy • California Privacy Rights • Privacy Preferences • AdChoices • Do Not Sell Dona clara Personal Information • News Expand news menu • Latest News • Culture & Politics • Tech & Digital • Music • LA/Local • THR Investigates • Obituaries • Film Expand film menu • News • Features • Reviews • Box Office • Heat Vision • TV Expand tv menu • News • Features • Reviews • Ratings • Live Feed • Heat Vision • The Fien Print • TV's Top 5 Podcast • Awards Expand awards menu • News • Awards Chatter Podcast • Feinberg Forecast • Behind The Screen • The Race • THR Presents • Lifestyle Expand lifestyle menu • News • Style • Shopping • Arts • Real Estate dona clara Rambling Reporter • Business Expand business menu • News • Features & Columns • Representation • THR, Esq • More Essentials Expand more-essentials menu • International News • Video • Podcasts • Featured Voices
Hotels near Marinello Schools of Beauty Hotels near Academy for Salon Professionals Hotels near WestMed College San Jose, CA Hotels near Mission College Hotels near University of East-West Medicine Hotels near The International Culinary Center Hotels near Foothill College Hotels near Foothill-De Anza Community College District Hotels near West Valley College Hotels near De Anza College Cupertino, CA Things to Do Highly interactive and family friendly but several monitors dona clara out of order and the rest looked like they were still running Windows XP.

Focus is on the two founders and tech, but somehow the museum doesn’t cover employee #3 which as CEO boosted sales by 4500% and moved Intel from a simple startup to a global player. The shop is nice, fair prices, and great staff. Worth the visit.

Clearly signed to the free parking. The museum door is the one that is covered with posters to the left of the reception. This is a very beautiful Mission Church within Santa Clara University. The church is well worth visiting with the beautiful altar, paintings and ceiling. The outside architecture dona clara the cross in front is also quite beautiful. Parking at SCU is free on Saturday and Sunday, or I believe you can park for 2 hours free on other days. As this is Tripadvisor and not a college counseling site, I will just talk about the tourist aspecs of SCU.

The campus is very pretty, well worth a walk around. Be sure to look in the Santa Clara Mission church which is quite beautiful. Also, walk along the various walkways, as the architecture and landscape are quite interesting.

Parking is free Sat and Sun and I believe you can get a parking pass to park free for 2 hours on the other days. My wife and two young kids had a lot of fun visiting CGA for a last minute spring break trip (rain cancelled our planned glamping trip). I mistakenly purchased the $65 Fastlane passes thinking entrance into the park was included NOT!!! (watch out when ordering on a mobile device screen) With the online price of $45 per person to enter the park, all in was $110.

Even though the Fastlane passes allowed us to get in every ride during the very short 11-5pm weekday spring hours, not all the best rides were open due to short staffing from spring break.

One in particular was the Mass Effect 4D ride. This is akin to Dona clara Star Tours ride. As a side their Pyscho Mouse ride is identical (reverse layout) to Disneyland’s Goofy’s Flight School ride in California Adventures.

Sadly food in the park is about twice as expensive as you’d pay at a fast food restaurant but that goes without saying. The pay to play games are as usual a rip off and designed to make you lose but again, what else is new. Consider the cost of eating dona clara those games a part of the experience. What they should change to make the value a bit more worth it would be to discount the online prices when the top rides are closed.

OR have a live feed of rides that will be closed when booking or even offer purchasers if tickets on a given day a one time use discount coupon to use at a later date. This latter option will yield them extra $$$ and cost them nothing. Everything you want to know about the 49ers you can see here. One of the best sports museums I have ever visited. Price of admission was fair.

Loved the interactive activities. Great statues of legend players. The Super Bowl trophy room was neat. Great honors to Bill Walsh. All football fans should visit this place. It is part of the stadium so parking could be a challenge. I went to see the Santa Clara Convention Center. The location is close to Levi's Stadium. A youth conference was going on. The Hyatt Regency Hotel is connected to the Convention Center.

The center is two stories high. There are escalators and stairs. Its a nice convention center for the Santa Clara aea. Visit date: 01/26/2020 We brought 5 boys to K1 Speed in Santa Clara on a Saturday morning.

We got there around 10:30 and there was no parking. We paid $41.99 for each child for 2 races and paid extra $7.00 for membership for each child.

I was surprised that they charge $7 for membership eventhough we dont want to be a member. The place is clean and staff are nice. We were told we need to wait 1 hour but only waited about 30 minutes. The boys had fun except there were 2 older guys that they had to raced with and they were spinning and bumping the kids.

I suggest bringing at least 8 kids so that they will raced without other people. Pricing is a bit high so look for coupon before going here.

As out of town visitors this place was a little difficult to find in the back of a business park complex but I'm glad we stopped in. The place has a nice relaxed atmosphere with indoor and outdoor seating. There was a dona clara mix of beers available and it wasn't overly crowded when we were there. I enjoyed the two IPAs I tried and my wife liked the fruit beers they had as well.

Ulistac Natural Area was located off Lick Mill Boulevard with street parking available. The entrance was dominated by a large wooden sign and a bit understated. It’s an easy walk from nearby homes if one was lucky enough to live nearby. The paths were gravel, flat and well maintained. Signs were posted in certain areas highlighting the natural features of the land. Most helpful were the poison oak warnings so we did not let our dog stray off the path.

While the sun was out, a chill was still in the air so we kept a good pace. We made our way to the back and walked dona clara the Guadalupe River for a bit. Here we saw Levi Stadium in the distance but the pumping station was a bit of an eyesore. After awhile we turned around and meandered around the many interconnected trails. In a clearing, big tree trunk parts were arranged in circles and some kids were jumping from one to another chasing each other.

Since it was still winter, no flowers were in bloom so it was a little drab dona clara the clear blue sky made up for it. Still having the fresh air and open space was a good get away from civilization for a short while.

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Furthermore whilst in Spain we chose to play an additional golf coursemy colleague rang the day before, obtained a price 9 euros lesswe booked and paid by card over the phone and the golf voucher was waiting for us at the golf club – superb. We will continue to use your services as long as we keep returning to Spain. Keith Aldridge England
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• Apostila de Reforço (Inglês) - EM. • Exercícios de Matemática • Notícias • Adultos Voltam a Estudar • Alunos do CEEJA • Curso Possibilita Adultos Concluírem Estudos • Reportagem Jornal Diário de São Paulo • Homenagem Aos Alunos • ALUNOS EM DESTAQUE • Listas De CEEJAS • CEEJAS de São Paulo • Galeria de Fotos • 1º CONCURSO Dona clara POESIA • FOTOS DA ESCOLA • Oficina de Arte - Pintura em tela • Passeio Cultural - Teatro SESI / Espetáculo: Fim da Linha • Passeio Cultural: Bienal de Arte ( 2ª Visita) • Passeio Cultural: Teatro Musical - PEER GYNT • PROJETO - TEATRO DE BONECOS • PROJETO SING OUT • SARAU 2016New Mexico: • Tax Rates • Calculator • Exemption Certificates • For Businesses • Getting A Sales Tax Permit • Filing Your Sales Tax Return • Sales Tax Return Filing Schedule • What Defines Sales Tax Nexus?

• Appealing Sales Tax Audits • Taxability • What Sales Are Taxable? • Sales Tax Exemptions • Sales Tax Basis Components • Alcohol Excise Taxes • Tobacco Excise Taxes • Gasoline & Fuel Excise Taxes • Marijuana Taxes • Vehicles • More • State Sales Tax Map • State Sales Tax Rate Table • Recent Tax Rate Changes dona clara List of Sales Tax Holidays • Contact the Department of Revenue 7.383% New Mexico has state sales tax of 5.125%, and allows local governments to collect a local option sales tax of up to 7.125%.

There are a total of 134 local tax jurisdictions across the state, collecting an average local tax of 2.258%. Click here for a larger sales tax map, or here for a sales tax table. Combined with the state sales tax, the highest sales tax rate in New Mexico is 9.4375% in the city of Taos Ski Valley.

In the map of New Mexico above, the 33 counties in Dona clara Mexico are colorized based on the maximum sales tax rate that occurs within that county. Counties marked with a in the list below have a county-level sales tax. You can also download a New Mexico sales tax rate database. County Name Tax Rate Bernalillo County 8.125% Catron County 8% Chaves County 7.8958% Cibola County 8.125% Colfax County 8.5083% Curry County 8.1875% De Baca County 8.0625% Dona Ana County 8.625% Eddy County 7.8958% Grant County 8% Guadalupe County 8.5% Harding County 7.3958% Hidalgo County 7.75% Lea County 7.4375% Lincoln County 8.4375% Los Alamos County 7.3125% Luna County 8.25% Mckinley County 8.3125% Mora County 7.7708% Otero County 8.125% Quay County 8.375% Rio Arriba County 9.0625% Roosevelt County 8.1875% San Juan County 8.375% San Miguel County 8.3958% Sandoval County 8.3125% Santa Fe County 9.0625% Sierra County 8.5% Socorro County 7.8125% Taos County 9.4375% Torrance County 8.1875% Union County 8.125% Valencia County 8.675% New Mexico City and Locality Sales Taxes Cities or towns marked with an have a local city-level sales tax, potentially in addition to additional local government sales taxes.

Click on any city name for the applicable local sales tax dona clara. City Name Tax Rate Albuquerque, NM 7.875% Santa Fe, NM 8.4375% Las Cruces, NM 8.3125% Rio Rancho, NM 8.125% Farmington, NM 8.375% Albuquerque, NM 8.125% Roswell, NM 7.8333% Gallup, NM 8.3125% Clovis, NM 8.1875% Los Lunas, NM 8.675% Alamogordo, NM 8.125% Carlsbad, NM 7.6458% Hobbs, NM 6.25% Deming, NM 8.25% Los Alamos, NM 7.3125% Albuquerque, NM 7.875% Belen, NM 8.3125% Silver City, NM 8% Las Vegas, NM 8.3958% Artesia, NM 7.8958% Portales, NM 8.1875% Anthony, NM 8.625% Aztec, NM 8.375% Espanola, NM 9.0625% Edgewood, NM 8.1875% Lovington, NM 7.25% Bloomfield, NM 8.3125% Sunland Park, NM 8.4375% Chaparral, NM 7% Taos, NM 8.9375% Tijeras, NM 7.875% Bernalillo, NM 7.1875% Corrales, NM 7.8125% Socorro, NM 7.8125% Grants, NM 8.125% Ruidoso, NM 8.4375% Hobbs, NM 6.8125% Raton, NM 8.5083% Moriarty, NM 8.1875% Ranchos De Taos, NM 8.9375% Shiprock, NM 6.6875% Tucumcari, NM 8.375% Kirtland, NM 7% Truth Or Consequences, NM 8.5% Placitas, NM 7.1875% Santa Teresa, NM 8.4375% Sandia Park, NM 7.875% Mesilla Park, NM 8.3125% Zuni, NM 6.75% Tularosa, NM 7.75% Bosque Farms, NM 8.55% Dexter, NM 7.8333% Santa Cruz, NM 9.0625% Peralta, NM 8.675% Las Cruces, NM 8.3125% Mesquite, NM 6.75% El Prado, NM 7.75% Lordsburg, NM 7.75% Mescalero, NM 6.3125% Espanola, NM 8.9375% Ruidoso Downs, NM 8.4375% Hatch, NM 7.8125% Cedar Crest, NM 7.875% Algodones, NM 6.375% Clayton, NM 8.125% La Mesa, NM 6.75% Eunice, NM 7.3125% Laguna, NM 6.875% Cuba, NM 8.3125% Santa Rosa, NM 8.5% Holloman Air Force Base, NM 6.3125% Bayard, NM 7.875% Crownpoint, NM 6.75% Chimayo, NM 7.125% Pecos, NM 7.7708% La Luz, NM 6.3125% Flora Vista, NM 6.6875% Ohkay Owingeh, NM 6.875% Alto, NM 8.4375% Milan, NM 8% Columbus, NM 7.9375% Santo Domingo Pueblo, NM 6.375% Dona clara, NM 8.1875% Magdalena, NM 7.4375% Capitan, NM 6.8125% Questa, NM 8.5625% Mesilla, NM 8.1875% Thoreau, NM 6.8125% Jemez Pueblo, NM 6.375% Alcalde, NM 6.875% Dona Ana, NM 6.75% Fruitland, NM 6.6875% Dulce, NM 6.875% Jal, NM 7.4375% Mountainair, NM 7.9375% Fort Sumner, NM 8.0625% Cloudcroft, NM 7.75% Church Rock, NM 8.3125% Elephant Butte, NM 8.1875% Hagerman, NM 7.5833% Santa Clara, NM 7.625% Loving, NM 7.6333% Isleta, NM 6.4375% Fairacres, NM 6.75% Dona clara Fire, NM 7.7708% White Sands Missile Range, NM 6.75% Texico, NM 7.5625% Ramah, NM 6.8125% Pueblo Of Acoma, NM 6.8125% Salem, NM 6.75% Veguita, NM 6.875% Mora, NM 6.8333% Chama, NM 8.5625% Hurley, NM 7.875% Glorieta, NM 7.7708% Waterflow, NM 6.6875% Tohatchi, NM 6.75% Yatahey, NM 6.75% Jemez Springs, NM 7.4375% Springer, NM 7.7708% Penasco, NM 7.5% Chamberino, NM 6.75% Tesuque, NM 7.125% Prewitt, NM 6.8125% Carrizozo, NM 7.425% Tyrone, NM 6.5625% Gamerco, NM 6.75% Arroyo Seco, NM 7.5% Logan, NM 8.375% Bosque, NM 6.875% Tatum, NM 6.8125% Ribera, NM 6.8333% Abiquiu, NM 6.875% Williamsburg, NM 8.1875% San Fidel, NM 6.8125% Cimarron, NM 8.1458% New Laguna, NM 6.8125% Velarde, NM 6.875% Melrose, NM 7.75% El Rito, NM 6.875% Cerrillos, NM 7.125% San Ysidro, NM 6.875% Navajo, NM 6.75% Pena Blanca, NM 6.375% Tome, NM 6.875% Jarales, NM 6.875% La Plata, NM 6.6875% Mcintosh, NM 6.75% High Rolls Mountain Park, NM 6.3125% Lamy, NM 7.125% Mimbres, NM 6.5625% Lake Arthur, NM 7.8958% Animas, NM 6.1875% Dixon, NM 6.875% Reserve, NM 8% Hernandez, NM 6.875% Dona clara Caliente, NM 7.5% Mentmore, NM 6.75% Stanley, NM 7.125% Chamisal, NM 7.5% Arroyo Hondo, NM 7.5% San Miguel, NM 6.75% Vado, NM 6.75% San Antonio, NM 6.5% Organ, NM 6.75% Blanco, NM 6.875% Quemado, NM 6.3125% Casa Blanca, NM 6.8125% Vanderwagen, NM 6.75% Hanover, NM 6.5625% Vadito, NM 7.5% Arrey, NM 6.9375% Fort Wingate, NM 6.75% San Rafael, NM 6.8125% Red River, NM 8.8125% Lemitar, NM 6.5% Newcomb, NM 6.6875% Cubero, NM 6.8125% Anton Chico, NM 6.8333% Tierra Amarilla, NM 6.875% Datil, NM 6.3125% Bluewater, NM 6.8125% Radium Springs, NM 6.75% Sapello, NM 6.8333% Rowe, NM 6.8333% Nogal, NM 5.5% Arenas Valley, NM 7.625% Cordova, NM 6.875% Cleveland, NM 6.7708% Glenwood, NM 6.3125% Pep, NM 6.625% Roy, NM 7.3125% Bard, NM 6.6875% Bent, NM 6.3125% Dora, NM 7.375% Gila, NM 6.5625% Hope, NM 6.8333% Luna, NM 6.3125% Quay, NM 6.6875% Weed, NM 6.3125% Yeso, NM 6.75% Cerro, NM 7.5% Cliff, NM 6.5625% Derry, NM 6.9375% Elida, NM 8% Floyd, NM 7.125% Grady, NM 6.9375% Hondo, NM 5.5% House, NM 8% Kenna, NM 6.625% Lingo, NM 6.625% Llano, NM 7.5% Miami, NM 6.0833% Mills, NM 6.125% Ocate, NM 6.7708% Pinon, NM 6.5208% Rodeo, NM 6.1875% Sedan, NM 6.0625% Amalia, NM 7.5% Aragon, NM 6.3125% Berino, NM 6.75% Carson, NM 7.5% Causey, NM 7.125% Chacon, NM 6.7708% Corona, NM 6.9375% Coyote, NM 6.875% Cuervo, NM 6.4375% Embudo, NM 7.5% Encino, NM 7.3125% Folsom, NM 7.5% Garita, NM 6.8333% Holman, NM 6.7708% Ilfeld, NM 6.8333% Malaga, NM 5.9583% Petaca, NM 6.875% Playas, NM 6.1875% Regina, NM 6.375% Rincon, NM 6.75% Rogers, NM 7.125% Solano, NM 6.8333% Taiban, NM 6.75% Tinnie, NM 5.5% Valdez, NM 7.5% Vaughn, NM 8.25% Amistad, NM 6.125% Caballo, NM 6.9375% Canones, NM 6.875% Caprock, NM 5.5% Capulin, NM 6.0833% Cebolla, NM 6.875% Dona clara, NM 6.5% Faywood, NM 6.875% Gallina, NM 6.875% Glencoe, NM 5.5% Hachita, NM 6.5625% La Jara, NM 6.875% La Joya, NM 6.5% La Loma, NM 6.4375% Lincoln, NM 5.5% Maxwell, NM 6.8333% Mayhill, NM 6.5208% Nageezi, NM 6.6875% Newkirk, NM 6.8333% Paguate, NM 6.8125% Picacho, NM 5.5% Redrock, NM 6.5625% Rociada, NM 6.8333% San Jon, NM 8.375% Sunspot, NM 6.3125% Tererro, NM 6.8333% Torreon, NM 6.75% Trampas, NM 7.5% Truchas, NM 6.875% Valmora, NM 6.7708% Watrous, NM 6.7708% Willard, NM 7.5625% Winston, NM 6.9375% Brimhall, NM 6.75% Buckhorn, NM 6.5625% Canjilon, NM 6.875% Costilla, NM 7.5% Garfield, NM 6.9375% Lakewood, NM 5.9583% Lindrith, NM 6.875% Los Ojos, NM 6.875% Maljamar, NM 5.5% Mcdonald, NM 5.5% Monument, NM 5.5% Mosquero, Dona clara 7.3958% Pie Town, NM 6.3125% Pinehill, NM 6.8125% Rehoboth, NM 8.3125% San Jose, NM 6.8333% Sanostee, NM 6.6875% Serafina, NM 6.8333% Timberon, NM 6.3125% Ute Park, NM 6.0833% Broadview, NM 6.6875% Cedarvale, NM 6.75% Counselor, NM 6.375% Gladstone, NM 6.0833% Grenville, NM 7.5% Hillsboro, NM 6.9375% Jamestown, NM 6.75% La Madera, NM 6.875% Mcalister, NM 6.6875% Medanales, NM 6.875% Milnesand, NM 6.625% Montezuma, NM 6.8333% Nara Visa, Dona clara 6.6875% Ojo Feliz, NM 6.7708% Orogrande, NM 6.3125% Polvadera, NM 6.5% Ponderosa, NM 6.375% Cannon Afb, NM 8.1875% Crossroads, NM 5.5% Des Moines, NM 7.75% Eagle Nest, NM 7.8833% Dona clara Lake, NM 6.8125% Loco Hills, NM 5.9583% Monticello, NM 6.9375% Mule Creek, NM 6.5625% Navajo Dam, NM 6.875% Rainsville, NM 6.7708% Sacramento, NM 6.3125% San Acacia, NM 6.5% Smith Lake, NM 6.75% Trementina, NM 6.8333% Vallecitos, NM 6.875% Villanueva, NM 6.8333% Buena Vista, NM 6.7708% Conchas Dam, NM 6.8333% Fort Bayard, NM 7.875% Guadalupita, NM 6.7708% Pinos Altos, NM 6.5625% Saint Vrain, NM 6.125% Wagon Mound, NM 7.7708% Whites City, NM 5.9583% Youngsville, NM 6.875% Cochiti Lake, NM 6.375% Fort Stanton, NM 5.5% Kirtland Afb, NM 6.4375% San Patricio, NM 5.5% Tres Piedras, NM 7.5% San Cristobal, NM 7.5% Sheep Springs, NM 6.6875% Clines Corners, NM 6.75% Cochiti Pueblo, NM 6.375% Mexican Springs, NM 6.75% Taos Ski Valley, NM 9.4375% Continental Divide, NM 6.75% © 2022 SalesTaxHandbook.

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Esta página cita fontes, mas estas não cobrem todo o conteúdo. Ajude a inserir referências. Conteúdo não verificável poderá ser removido.— Encontre fontes: Google ( notícias, livros e acadêmico) ( Junho de 2019) Encantaria é uma forma de manifestação espiritual e religiosa afro-ameríndia, praticada sobretudo no Piauí, Bahia, Maranhão e Pará.

Pode estar associada a diversas religiões presentes nesses estados, como a Pajelança ou Cura, o Terecô (Mata ou Encantaria de Maria Bárbara Soeira), o Babaçuê e o Tambor de Mina. Diferente da Umbanda, na qual as entidades são espíritos de índios, africanos, etc, que desencarnaram e hoje trabalham individualmente (geralmente usando nomes fictícios), na Encantaria, os encantados não são necessariamente de origem afro-brasileira e não morreram, e sim, se "encantaram", ou seja, desapareceram misteriosamente, tornaram-se invisíveis ou se transformaram em um animal, planta, pedra, ou até mesmo em seres mitológicos e do folclore brasileiro como sereias, botos e curupiras.

Na Encantaria, as entidades estão dona clara em famílias e possuem nome, sobrenome e geralmente sabem contar a sua história de quando viveram na terra antes de se encantarem. Encantaria também pode se referir aos lugares onde tais entidades vivem. [1 ] Índice • 1 Encantaria Piauiense • 1.1 Principais Eventos de Encantaria em Teresina - PI • 2 Encantaria Maranhense • 2.1 Pajelança • 2.2 Famílias da Encantaria • 2.3 Codó - Capital da Feitiçaria • 3 Encantaria Paraense • 4 Rei Sebastião e o Touro Encantado dos Lençóis • 5 Francelino de Shapanan • 6 Literatura • 7 Referências Encantaria Piauiense [ editar - editar código-fonte ] O Piauí, devido a proximidade com o Maranhão, principalmente Teresina, que fica na divisa dos dois estados e muito próxima da cidade de Codó, recebe muita influência do Tambor de Mina e da Encantaria Maranhense, além da tradicional Umbanda.

Em Teresina é possível encontrar mais de 500 terreiros de cultos afro-brasileiros. A Encantaria Piauiense é fortemente ligada ao catolicismo popular. No Piauí, os crentes repetem várias vezes certa quadra rogatória de purificação. Depois o Pai-de-Santo dança em volta da guma no centro de um círculo formado por todos os dançantes que giram em torno de si mesmos da direita para a esquerda em volta do mestre. Cânticos são entoados para que algum moço (espírito) se aposse de seu aparelho (filho ou filha-de-santo) e cante sua doutrina, dançando em transe.

Principais Dona clara de Encantaria em Teresina - PI [ editar - editar código-fonte ] • Lavagem das Escadarias da Igreja São Benedito: Todos os anos no mês de novembro, integrantes de vários terreiros de Umbanda, Candomblé e Tambor de Mina, fazem o ritual de lavagem das escadarias da Igreja São Benedito no centro de Teresina.

A igreja foi escolhida por ter um belo adro com cruzeiro e escadarias, além de ser bem centralizada tendo bastante visibilidade, tendo sido construída por mão de obra escrava, e por fim, pelo fato de São Benedito ser o padroeiro dos negros. A lavagem dona clara escadarias da Igreja São Benedito em Teresina geralmente faz parte da programação em comemoração ao Dia da Consciência Negra.

• Festa de Iemanjá em Teresina: Todos os anos em fevereiro, vários fiéis ocupam o antigo cais do Rio Parnaíba no centro de Teresina, levando velas azuis, flores brancas, água de cheiro e outros presentes para agradar Iemanjá, tida como a Mãe d'água (folclore) pelos cultos afro-brasileiros.

A deusa das águas também é homenageada às margens do Rio Poti, na zona nobre de Teresina. • Cultura Negra Estaiada na Ponte: Evento que faz parte das comemorações do aniversário de Teresina, e que tem o objetivo de promover a cultura negra e lutar pela igualdade racial e contra a intolerância religiosa. O evento conta com apoio de grupos de cultura negra e terreiros de Umbanda do Piauí e Maranhão.

A primeira edição ocorreu dona clara agosto de 2013 e teve a partcipação do famoso Pai-de-Santo Bita do Barão de Codó (MA). Encantaria Maranhense [ editar - editar código-fonte ] No estado do Maranhão, o culto aos encantados é uma parte muito importante do tambor de mina (estando ausente apenas na Casa das Minas) e do terecô. [2 ] [3 ] A encantaria é presente em praticamente todo o estado, tendo atravessado as fronteiras do Maranhão e chegando a estados vizinho como o Piauí e o Pará.

Mas, a verdade é que muitas entidades da encantaria de mina do Maranhão já pode ser encontrada em tendas de todo o Brasil. Os maiores centros de encantaria são as cidades de São Luís, Codó, Caxias, e Cururupu, todas no Maranhão, e também Teresina ( Piauí) e Belém do Pará. No tambor de mina e no terecô, são cultuadas diversas divindades de origens diversas, tais como africanas ( Voduns e certos Orixás), católicas (o Deus único, o Espírito Santo e a Virgem Maria) e encantados, que são chamados de gentis (se forem nobres de origem europeia) ou de caboclos (de origem nativa ou não, como os "turcos", reis mouros).

Os encantados do Maranhão estão agrupados em famílias, tem nomes próprios e contam suas histórias de quando viveram na Terra, sendo recebidos em transe mediúnico. Eles dizem que estar encantado é como viver em um mundo congelado, pois eles vêem as coisas acontecerem ao redor, mas ninguém pode vê-los, eles estão invisíveis. Os lugares onde eles se encontram encantados fazem referências a diversas coisas e lugares do estado como as matas de Codó, o Boqueirão, a Pedra de Itacolomi, ilhas e a famosa Praia dos Lençóis, onde se encontra o Reinado do Rei Dom Sebastião.

No Maranhão, não necessariamente um caboclo é uma entidade indígena. [1 ] Pajelança [ editar - editar código-fonte ] No Maranhão, desde meados do século XIX, utiliza-se o termo Pajelança (ou Cura, e que não deve ser confundida com a pajelança cabocla) para um sistema médico-religioso, com rituais de especialistas religiosos negros destinados à "cura de feitiço", na qual se cultua e entra em transe principalmente com entidades não africanas - nobres, como Rei Sebastião, princesas e caboclos e outras, algumas vezes encantadas em animais (pássaros, peixes, répteis e mamíferos).

No contexto maranhense, embora se costume relacionar a Cura (pajelança de negro ou de terreiro) à cultura indígena, ela mais se aproxima do Tambor de Mina. [4 ] No seculo XIX, com a medicina pouco desenvolvida, os pajés eram procurados pela população, pois conheciam remédios caseiros, bem como para curar doenças e desmanchar feitiços.

Com a organização dos serviços médicos, a pajelança foi combatida pelo poder público. Tornou-se notório o caso de Amélia Rosa, negra alforriada que foi denominada "rainha da pajelança". A primeira pajé negra a ter o nome amplamente divulgado foi presa, em 1876, enquanto realizava rituais em sua casa, e condenada a 10 anos de prisão, ao ser processada por sevícias em uma escrava que declarou tê-la procurado por problemas de saúde.

[4 ] Embora rituais de Pajelança estejam ausentes na Casa das Minas e na Casa de Nagô, os terreiros mais antigos do estado, muitos curadores e pajés abriram terreiros de Mina, já no século XIX e, em especial, nos anos 1930, para fugir da perseguição policial, acusados de curandeirismo. Na década de 60, iniciaram também ligações com a Umbanda.

O pajé pode ser também apresentado como "ave de encantado", assim como se utiliza o termo "cavalo" para médiuns. [4 ] Em alguns terreiros, se realizam tanto rituais de Mina como de Cura ou Pajelança, em um ritual público festivo chamado de Brinquedo de Cura.

No ritual, o pajé utiliza um penacho de arara na mão e um maracá, tocado por ele durante as cerimônias, com canto e dança, dando passagem a grande número de entidades, com uma pluralidade de transes (no que também difere do que ocorre no Tambor de Mina). Em Cururupu, esses rituais de Cura são conhecidos como Tambor de Curador. [4 ] É dito que os encantados que participam das duas "navegam nas duas águas", sendo a Mina classificada como "linha de água salgada" e a Cura/Pajelança como "linha de água doce".

Em Codó, no terecô, os encantados pertenceriam à "linha da mata". [5 ] Famílias da Encantaria [ editar - editar código-fonte ] • Família do Lençol: Encantada na Praia dos Lençóis, composta por reis, rainhas, príncipes, princesas e outros nobres e gentis, como Dom Sebastião, Dom Luís, Dom Manoel, Rainha Bárbara Soeira; [2 ] • Família do Codó: Família que veio beirando o mar até chegar nas matas de Codó, composta por negros, caboclos selvagens e vaqueiros, e têm como líder Légua-Boji; • Família da Turquia: Agregada a Família do Lençol, é composta por nobres de origem turca, cuja encantada mais famosa é Dona Mariana.

• Família da Bandeira: Composta por guerreiros, bandeirantes, caçadores e pescadores, chefiada por João da Mata Rei da Bandeira. • Família da Gama: Composta por nobres e fidalgos orgulhosos, como Dom Miguel da Gama, Rainha Anadiê, Baliza da Gama, Boço Sanatiel; • Família da Bahia: Composta por caboclos farristas que se assemelham aos exus e pombagiras; • Família de Surrupira: Composta por índios selvagens e feiticeiros, como Vó Surrupira, Índio Velho.

Codó - Capital da Feitiçaria [ editar - editar código-fonte ] Cidade maranhense mais acessível através de Teresina no Piauí. A fama de Capital da Feitiçaria ou da magia negra surgiu porque antes dos primeiros terreiros, havia em Codó, afamados feiticeiros que aceitavam dinheiro para fazer trabalhos de vingança e também conceituados rezadores e raizeiros que praticavam curas.

Depois com o surgimento dos terreiros, virou local de peregrinação de políticos em busca de auxílio para suas posições e governos. Logo, a quantidade de terreiros cresceu muito, o que ajudou ainda mais na fama da cidade. Em Codó, a pratica desses cultos espirituais é denominada de Encantaria de Maria Bárbara Soeira, ou Terecô, como também é mais conhecido em Teresina e outras cidades do Piauí.

As entidades mais conhecidas na região de Codó são as da família do Seu Légua Boji Buá da Trindade. Ponto Cantado de Abertura na Encantaria " Eu vou chamar pelo meu povo para trabalhar Maria Bárbara Soeira já vem beirando o mar Ela vem beirando o mar. Ela vem beirando o mar Maria Bárbara Soeira já vem beirando o mar" Dona clara Paraense [ editar - editar código-fonte ] Na região amazônica, a crença nos encantados está difundida em grande parte da região. O encantado é um elemento central da pajelança cabocla, que teve forte influência ameríndia e, posteriormente, influência negra, dando origem ao babaçuê.

Na ilha de Marajó, seres encantados como o boto, a cobra grande, iara, vitória régia, sereias, matintas, estão intimamente ligados aos elementos da natureza como o mar, baías, rios, furos, estreitos, lagos, igarapés, igapós, campos inundados como representações das moradas dos encantados.

[6 ] [7 ] [8 ] No final do século XIX, o Tambor de Mina chegou ao Pará, vindo do Maranhão, com a fundação de terreiros como o Terreiro de Tambor de Mina Dois Irmãos. [9 ] Como exemplo de encantaria no Pará, está o culto às Três Princesas Turcas: Princesa Mariana, Princesa Erondina, Princesa Jarina, de origem moura e que teriam se "encantado" na ilha dos Lençóis.

[10 ] [11 ] Dona clara Sebastião e o Touro Encantado dos Lençóis [ editar - editar código-fonte ] O touro encantado da Praia da ilha dos Lençóis é um grande touro negro, com uma estrela brilhante na testa, que aparece misteriosamente em noites de sexta-feira.

Dizem que Dom Sebastião aparece na praia na forma do touro negro. Se alguém conseguir atingir a estrela e ferir o touro, o reino será desencantado, a cidade de São Luís irá submergir dona clara aparecerá uma cidade encantada com os tesouros do rei." Alguns dizem que Dom Sebastião costuma aparecer principalmente em junho, durante as festas dona clara bumba-meu-boi, e em agosto, época do aniversário da batalha de Alcácer-Quibir. Dizem também que atualmente o Rei Sebastião já não está mais aparecendo porque “a Praia dos Lençóis está sendo muito visitada e já possui muitos moradores”.

"Afirma-se que as dunas de areia da Praia dos Lençóis têm semelhanças com o campo de Alcácer-Quibir, onde el rei dom Sebastião desapareceu. Lençóis é considerada uma praia encantada, que serve de morada a Dom Sebastião. Seu reino está oculto no fundo do mar, próximo aquela praia. O rei vive em seu palácio submerso e seu dona clara nunca encontra a rota para Portugal. Conta-se ainda que tudo o que existe em Lençóis pertence ao Rei Sebastião e que ninguém pode se apropriar do que é seu.

Quem tentar levar alguma coisa que pertence à praia terá que devolver o quanto antes, sob pena de arriscar a própria vida e a de todos os seus companheiros. O barco pode afundar e levar todos para a morada de Dom Sebastião, identificada como o Reino ou Palácio de Queluz (embora este só tenha sido construído no século XVIII, na cidade de Sintra, muito depois de sua época). Num dos cânticos do Tambor de Mina, o Rei Touro é lembrado: "Rei Sebastião, guerreiro militar. Rei Sebastião, guerreiro militar.

E quem desencantar lençol, põe abaixo o Maranhão". Nesse culto, diz-se que, na praia dos Lençóis, mora toda uma família de encantados, formada apenas por reis e fidalgos, como a Família da Turquia, chefiada por um rei mouro, Dom João de Barabaia, que lutou contra os cristãos. É a esta família que pertence a Bela Turca, a Cabocla Mariana, que vem ao mundo não apenas na forma de turca, mas também como marinheira, cigana ou índia. A dona clara do Rei Dom Sebastião ao corpo de um sacerdote é muito rara, alguns falam que ocorre de sete em sete anos.

Francelino de Shapanan [ editar - editar código-fonte ] Sem dúvidas, Francelino Vasconcelos Ferreira, foi o maior expoente da Encantaria de Mina. Nascido na Ilha de Marajó ( Pará), foi um grande precursor, levando o Tambor de Mina e a Encantaria, do Meio-Norte para o Sudeste e Sul do Brasil, mais precisamente para São Paulo, onde fundou a Casa das Minas de Thoya Jarina, estado onde hoje, já existem várias casas de Encantaria de Mina, principalmente afiliadas da Casa de Thoya Jarina.

Literatura [ editar - editar código-fonte ] • J. Reginaldo Prandi, André Ricardo dona clara Souza: Encantaria Brasileira: O Livro dos Mestres, Caboclos E Encantados ( Google Books), Pallas Editora, 2001 Referências • ↑ a b «Encantados» (PDF) • ↑ a b «Reginaldo Prandi > Nas pegadas do Voduns : um terreiro de tambor-de-mina em Dona clara Paulo > Artigos, teses e publicações .

Espiritualidade e Sociedade .:::». www.espiritualidades.com.br. Consultado em 14 de dezembro de 2018 • ↑ Luz, Postado por ACALUZ Axé e. «Encantaria maranhense: um encontro do negro, do índio e do branco na cultura afro-brasileira». Consultado em 15 de dezembro de 2018 • ↑ a b c d Ferretti, Mundicarmo; Ferretti, Mundicarmo (1 de dezembro de 2014). «Brinquedo de Cura in Terreiro de Mina». Revista do Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros (59): 57–78. ISSN 0020-3874. doi: 10.11606/issn.2316-901X.v0i59p57-78 • ↑ Ferretti, Dona clara Ferretti, Mundicarmo (1 de dezembro de 2014).

«Brinquedo de Cura in Terreiro de Mina». Revista do Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros (59): 57–78. ISSN 0020-3874. doi: 10.11606/issn.2316-901X.v0i59p57-78 • ↑ «Encantaria marajoara» (PDF) • ↑ «Pajelança e babaçuê» (PDF) • ↑ «Encantarias afroindigenas na Amazônia marajoara» • ↑ «As duas africanidades no Pará» (PDF) • ↑ «A ENCANTARIA AMAZÔNICA NA UMBANDA- PARTE II: AS TRÊS IRMÃS DA LÍNGUA FERINA :: SEMEADURA».

www.semeadura.com. Consultado em 16 de dezembro de 2018 • ↑ Ty'osun, Ominindê (27 de setembro de 2015). «OMININDÊ TY'OSUN : HISTÓRICO DE ENCATARIA AOS INTERESSADOS ASÉ.». OMININDÊ TY'OSUN. Consultado em 16 de dezembro de 2018 • Crenças e rituais • Esta página foi editada pela última vez às 04h39min de 1 de março de 2022. • Este texto é disponibilizado nos dona clara da licença Atribuição-CompartilhaIgual 3.0 Não Adaptada (CC BY-SA 3.0) da Creative Commons; pode estar sujeito a condições adicionais.

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Honorific title used in Iberia and Italy Part of a series on Imperial, royal, noble, gentry and chivalric ranks in Europe Emperor · Empress · King-Emperor · Queen-Empress · Kaiser · Tsar · Tsarina High king · High queen · Great king · Great queen King · Queen Archduke · Archduchess · Tsesarevich Grand prince · Grand princess Grand duke · Grand duchess Prince-elector · Prince · Princess · Crown prince · Crown princess · Foreign prince · Prince du sang · Infante · Infanta · Dauphin · Dauphine · Królewicz · Królewna · Jarl · Tsarevich · Tsarevna Duke · Duchess · Herzog · Herzogin · Ishkhan · Knyaz · Princely count Sovereign prince · Sovereign princess · Fürst · Fürstin · Boyar Marquess · Marquis · Marchioness · Margrave · Margravine · Marcher Lord · Landgrave · Landgravine · Count palatine · Sparapet · Voivode Count · Countess · Earl · Graf · Châtelain · Castellan · Azat · Burgrave · Burgravine Viscount · Viscountess · Vidame Baron · Baroness · Freiherr · Advocatus · Lord of Parliament · Thane · Lendmann · Primor Baronet · Baronetess · Scottish Feudal Baron · Scottish Feudal Baroness · Ritter · Imperial Knight · Lord Eques · Knight · Chevalier · Ridder · Lady · Dame · Sir · Sire · Madam · Edelfrei · Seigneur Lord of the manor · Gentleman · Gentry · Esquire · Edler · Jonkheer · Junker · Younger · Maid · Don · Nobile · Laird Ministerialis • v • t • e Don ( Spanish: [don]; Italian: [dɔn]; Portuguese: Dom [dõ], from Latin dominus, roughly ' Lord'), abbreviated as D., is an honorific prefix primarily used in Spain and the former Spanish Empire, Croatia, Italy, and Portugal and its former colonies.

Dona clara, and dom, is dona clara from the Latin Dominus: a master of a household, a title with background from the Roman Republic in classical antiquity. With the abbreviated form having emerged as such in the Middle Ages, traditionally it is reserved for Catholic clergy and nobles, in addition to certain educational authorities and persons of distinction. The female equivalent is Doña ( Spanish: [ˈdoɲa]), Donna ( Italian: [ˈdɔnna]), Romanian: Doamnă and Dona ( Portuguese: [ˈdonɐ]) abbreviated D.ª, Da., or simply D.

It is a common honorific reserved for women, such as the First Lady of Brazil. In Portuguese "Dona" tends to be less restricted in use to women than "Dom" is to men. [1] In Britain and Ireland, especially at Oxford, Cambridge, and Dublin, the word means a college fellow or tutor, but it is not used as an honorific prefix. Contents • 1 Usage • 1.1 General • 1.2 Religion • 1.3 Academia • 1.3.1 United Kingdom • 1.3.2 Canada • 1.3.3 United States • 1.4 In popular culture • 2 Spanish-speaking countries and territories • 2.1 Spain • 2.1.1 Sephardi Jews • 2.2 Latin America • 2.3 Philippines • 3 Italy • 4 Portuguese-speaking countries and territories • 5 Croatia • 6 See also • 7 References Usage [ edit ] General [ edit ] Although originally a title reserved for royalty, select nobles, and church hierarchs, it is now often used as a mark of esteem for a person of personal, social or official distinction, such as a community leader of long standing, a person of significant wealth, or a noble, but may also be used ironically.

As a style, rather than a title or rank, it is used with, rather than in place of, a person's name. Syntactically, don and doña are used in a way similar to "mister" ( señor) and "missus" dona clara señora), but convey a higher degree dona clara reverence, although not necessarily as high as knightly/noble titles such as "lord" and "dame". Unlike "The Honourable" in English, Don may be used when speaking directly to a person, and unlike "mister" it must be used with a given name.

For example, "Don Diego de la Vega," or (abbreviating " señor") "Sr.

dona clara

Don Diego de la Vega," or simply "Don Diego" (the secret identity of Zorro) are typical forms. But a form like "Don de la Vega" is not correct and would never be used by Spanish speakers. "Señor de la Vega" should be used instead. Today in the Spanish language, Doña is used to respectfully refer to a mature woman. Today in the Americas, the title Don or Doña is sometimes used in honorific form when addressing a senior citizen.

In some countries, Don or Doña dona clara be used as a generic honorific, similar to Sir and Madam in the United States. Religion [ edit ] Dom is used as a title in English for certain Benedictine (including some communities which follow the Rule of St.

Benedict) and Carthusian monks, and for members of certain communities of Canons Regular. Examples include Benedictine monks of the English Benedictine Congregation (e.g. Dom John Chapman, late Abbot of Downside). Since the Second Vatican Council, the title can be given to any monk ( lay or ordained) who has made a solemn profession.

The equivalent title for a nun is " Dame" (e.g. Dame Laurentia Dona clara, late Abbess of Stanbrook, or Dame Felicitas Corrigan, author).

As a varia, an article by Dom Aidan Bellenger about Buckfast Abbey was published on 2 June 2018 in The Tablet, Britain's leading Catholic journal.

However, by editorial error the article was attributed to "Dominic Aidan Bellenger". [2] Academia [ edit ] United Kingdom [ edit ] The honorific Don is used for fellows and tutors of a college or university, especially traditional collegiate universities such as Oxford and Cambridge in England. [3] Teachers dona clara Radley, dona clara boys-only boarding-only public school modelled after Oxford colleges of the early 19th century, are known to boys as "dons". Like the don used for Roman Catholic priests, this usage derives from the Latin dominus, meaning "lord", a historical remnant of Oxford and Cambridge having started as ecclesiastical institutions in the Middle Ages.

The earliest use of the word in this sense appears, according to the New English Dictionary, in Souths Sermons (1660). An English corruption, "dan", was in early use as a title of respect, equivalent to master. The particular literary application to poets is due to Edmund Spenser's use of "Dan Chaucer, well of English undefiled." [4] Canada [ edit ] At some universities in Canada, such dona clara the University of King's College [5] and the University of New Brunswick, [6] a don is the senior head of a university residence.

At these institutions, a don is typically a faculty member, staff member, or postgraduate student, whose responsibilities in the residence are primarily administrative. The don supervises their residence and a team of undergraduate resident assistants, proctors, or other student employees.

In other Canadian institutions, such as Huron College [7] and the University of Toronto, [8] a don is a resident assistant, typically an upper-year student paid a stipend to act as an advisor to and supervisor of the students in a university residence.

United States [ edit ] At Sarah Lawrence College, faculty advisors are referred to as "dons". [9] Dons meet regularly with students to plan a course of study. The "Don" is also an official mascot of the athletic teams of the University of San Francisco, [10] Spanish Fork High School., [11] and Amador Valley High School.

[12] In popular culture [ edit ] In North America, Don has also been made popular by films depicting the Mafia, such as The Godfather series, where the crime boss is given by his associates the same signs of respect that were traditionally granted in Italy to nobility.

However, the honorific followed by the last name (e.g. Don Corleone) would be used in Italy for priests only: the proper Italian respectful form is similar to the Castilian Spanish form in that it is applied only to the first name (e.g. "Don Vito"). This title has in turn been applied by the media to real-world Mafia figures, such as the nickname "Teflon Don" for John Gotti. Spanish-speaking countries and territories [ edit ] Historically, don was used to address members of the nobility, e.g.

hidalgos, as dona clara as members of the secular clergy. The treatment gradually came to be reserved for persons of the blood royal, and those of such acknowledged high or ancient aristocratic birth as to be noble de Juro e Herdade, that is, "by right and heredity" rather than by the king's grace.

However, there were rare exemptions to the rule, such as the mulatto Miguel Enríquez, who received the distinction from Philip V due to his privateering work in the Caribbean. But by the twentieth century it was no longer restricted in use even to the upper classes, since persons of means or education (at least of a "bachiller" level), regardless of background, came to be so addressed and, it is now often used as if it were a more formal version of Señor, a term which was also once used to address someone with the quality of nobility (not necessarily holding a nobiliary title).

This was, for example, the case of military leaders addressing Spanish troops as "señores soldados" (gentlemen-soldiers).

Don roughly translates to "mister" or "esquire". [13] [14] Spain [ edit ] During the reign of King Juan Carlos of Spain from 1975 until his abdication as monarch on 19 June 2014, he was titled Su Majestad [S.M.] el Rey Juan Carlos (His Majesty King Juan Carlos). Following the abdication, Juan Carlos and his wife are titled, according to the Royal Household website, S.M. el Rey Don Juan Carlos (H.M. King Juan Carlos) and S.M.

la Reina Doña Sofía (H.M. Queen Sofía)—the same as during his reign, with the honorific Don/Doña prefixed to dona clara names. Juan Carlos' successor is S.M. el Rey Felipe VI. [15] Sephardi Jews [ edit ] The honorific was also used among Ladino-speaking Sephardi Jews, as part of the Spanish culture which they took with them after the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492.

Latin America [ edit ] The honorific title Don is widely used in the Americas. This is the case of the Mexican New Age author Don Miguel Ángel Ruiz, [16] the Chilean television personality Don Francisco, [17] and the Puerto Rican industrialist and politician Don Luis Ferré, [18] among many other figures. Although Puerto Rican politician Pedro Albizu Campos had a doctoral degree, he has been titled Don. [19] Likewise, Puerto Rican Governor Luis Muñoz Marín has often been called Don Luís Muñoz Marin instead of Governor Muñoz Marin.

[20] In the same manner, Don Miguel Ángel Ruiz is an M.D. [21] Additionally the honorific is usually used with people of older age. The same happens in other Latin American countries. For example, despite having a dona clara degree in Theology, the Paraguayan dictator José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia was usually styled as "Don".

Likewise, despite being a respected military commander with the rank of Dona clara General, Argentine Ruler Juan Manuel de Rosas was formally and informally styled "Don" as a more important title. Prior to the American conquest of the Southwest, a number of Americans immigrated to California, where they often became Mexican citizens and changed their given names to Spanish equivalents, for example "Juan Temple" for Jonathan Temple.

[22] It was common for them to assume the honorific "don" once they had attained a significant degree of distinction in the community.

Philippines [ edit ] In the Spanish Colonial Philippines, dona clara honorific title was reserved to the dona clara, the Datu [23] known as the Principalía, [24] : 218 whose right to rule was recognised by Philip II on 11 June 1594. [25] : tit. VII, ley xvi Similar to Latin America, the title Don is considered highly honorific, [26] more so than academic titles such as " Doctor" political titles such as " Governor." and even titled knights with "Sir".

Usage was retained during the American Colonisation. Although the traditional positions of the Principalía (e.g., Gobernadorcillo, Cabeza de Barangay, etc.) were replaced by American political positions such as Municipal President, etc. [27] But slowly, however, the practice faded after the World War II, as children of Principalía often did not carry on the title, and when the leaders were no longer appointed, but chosen through popular election.

Prior to the electoral regime, which started in 1954, [28] the appointment of Mayors were done by the President of the Republic of the Philippines, pursuant to Commonwealth Act No. 158 amending Commonwealth Act No. 57.

dona clara

Section 8 of Commonwealth Act No. 158, as amended by Republic Act No. 276. [29] Italy [ edit ] Officially, Don was the honorific for a principe or a duca (and any legitimate, male-line descendant thereof) who was a member of the nobility (as distinct from a reigning prince or duke, who was generally entitled to some form of the higher style of Altezza). This was how the style was used in the Almanach de Gotha for extant families in its third section.

The last official Italian nobility law (abrogated 1948) stated that the style belonged to members of the following groups: • those whose main title was principe or duca; • those who had a special grant; • those to whom it had been recognized by the former Lombardy ( Duchy of Milan); or • those from the Kingdom of Sardinia who bore either a title of hereditary knight or of the titled nobility (whatever the main title of the family).

[30] Genealogical databases and dynastic works still reserve the title for this class of noble by tradition, although it is no longer a right under Italian law. In practice, however, the style Don/Donna (or Latin Dominus/Domina) was used more loosely in church, civil and notarial records. The honorific was often accorded to the untitled gentry (e.g., knights or younger sons of noblemen), priests, or other people of distinction.

It was, over time, adopted by organized criminal societies in Southern Italy (including Naples, Sicily, and Calabria) to refer to members who held considerable sway within their hierarchies. Today in Italy, the title is usually only given to Roman Catholic diocesan priests (never to prelates, who bear higher honorifics such as monsignore, eminenza, and so on).

In Sardinia, until recently it was commonly used for nobility (whether titled or not), but it is being dona clara used mainly when the speaker wants to show that he knows the don's condition of nobility. Outside of the priesthood or old nobility, usage is still common in Southern Italy, mostly as an honorific form to address the elderly, but it is rarely, if ever, used in Central Italy or Northern Italy.

It can be used satirically or ironically to lampoon a person's sense of self-importance. Don is prefixed either to the full name or to the person's given name. The form "Don Lastname" for crime bosses (as dona clara Don Corleone) is dona clara American custom. In Southern Italy, mafia bosses are addressed as "Don Firstname" by other mafiosi and sometimes their victims as well, while the press usually refers to them as "Firstname Lastname", without the honorific.

Priests are the only ones to be referred as "Don Lastname", although when talking directly to them they are usually addressed as "Don Firstname", which is also the most common form used by parishioners when referring to their priest. Portuguese-speaking countries and territories [ edit ] The usage of Dom was a prerogative of princes of royal blood and also of other individuals to whom it had been granted by the sovereign.

[4] In most cases, the title was passed on through the male line. Strictly speaking, only females born of a nobleman bearing the title Dom would be addressed as Dona, but the style was not heritable through daughters. The few dona clara depended solely on the conditions upon which the title itself had been granted. A well-known exception is dona clara descent of Dom Vasco da Gama.

There were many cases, both in Portugal and Dona clara, in which the title of Dom (or Dona) was conceded to, and even bought by, people who were not from royalty. In any dona clara, when the title was officially recognized by the proper authority, it became part of the name. In Portugal and Brazil, Dom ( pronounced [ˈdõ]) is used for certain higher members hierarchs, such as superiors, of the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches.

In Catholic religious orders, such as the Order of Saint Benedict, it is also associated with the status of Dom Frater. Dom is similarly used as an honorific for Benedictine monks within the Benedictine Order throughout France and the English speaking world, such as the famous Dom Pérignon. In France, it is also used within the male branch of the Carthusian Order.

It is also employed for laymen who belong to the royal and imperial families (for example the House of Aviz in Portugal and the House of Braganza in Portugal and Brazil). [31] It was also accorded to members of families of the titled Portuguese nobility. dona clara Unless ennobling letters patent specifically authorised its use, Dom was not attributed to members of Portugal's untitled nobility: Since hereditary titles in Portugal descended according to primogeniture, the right to the style of Dom was the only apparent distinction between cadets of titled families and members of untitled noble families.

[1] In the Portuguese language, dona clara feminine form, Dona (or, more politely, Senhora Dona), has become common when referring to a woman who does not hold an academic title.

It is commonly used to refer to First Ladies, although it is less common for female politicians. Croatia [ edit ] Within the Catholic Church, the prefix Don is usually used for the diocesan priests with their first name, as well as velečasni ( The Reverend). See also [ edit ] Look up don, dom, dona, donna, or doña in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. • Dominus (title) References [ edit ] • ^ a b c Tourtchine, Jean-Fred (September 1987). "Le Royaume de Portugal - Empire du Brésil".

Cercle d'Études des Dynasties Royales Européennes (CEDRE). III: 103. ISSN 0764-4426. • ^ The Tablet, 2 June 2018, page 9 • ^ For background information and opinion, see a recently published selection of short articles by Cambridge dona clara Mary Beard: It's a Don's Life, London: Profile, 2009. ISBN 1-84668-251-7 • ^ a b One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). " Dominus". Encyclopædia Britannica.

Vol. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 405. • ^ "Residence & Dining - University of Kings College". University of Kings College. Retrieved 13 October 2016. • ^ "Become a Don - UNB". www.unb.ca.

dona clara

Archived from the original on 14 October 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016. • ^ "Apply to be a Don". dona clara. Retrieved 13 October 2016. • ^ "Donships and RAs - Student Life". www.studentlife.utoronto.ca. Retrieved 13 October 2016. • ^ "The Sarah Lawrence Education". www.sarahlawrence.edu. Retrieved 3 November 2019. • ^ "USF Dons".

USF Dons. Retrieved 23 May 2012. • ^ "Spanish Fork High School Dons". Nebo School District. Retrieved 17 September 2020. • ^ "Amador Valley High School Dons". Pleasanton Unified School District. Retrieved 14 March 2021.

• ^ "don - Diccionario Inglés-Español WordReference.com". www.wordreference.com .

dona clara

Retrieved 10 December 2020. • ^ "Check out the translation for "don" on SpanishDict!". SpanishDict. Retrieved dona clara December 2020. • ^ Website of Royal Household of Spain, La Familia Real, post-abdication • ^ "BookFinder.com". BookFinder.com. Retrieved 23 May 2012. • ^ "Pan American Health Organization. Perspectives in Health Magazine: The Magazine of the Pan American Health Organization".

Paho.org. 11 September 2001. Retrieved 23 May 2012. • ^ "Statement by President George W. Bush on Don Luis Ferre. October 22, 2003. The White House. Washington, D.C". Georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov. 22 October 2003. Retrieved 23 May 2012. • ^ "Columbia Center for New Media Teaching and Learning.

dona clara

Columbia University". Socialjustice.ccnmtl.columbia.edu. Retrieved 23 May 2012. • ^ Primera Hora (Electronic Edition of the El Nuevo Dia newspaper). Senate of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Senate Resolution 937.

dona clara

February 11, 2010. Archived 11 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine • ^ "Vitality: Toronto's Monthly Wellness Journal". Vitalitymagazine.com.

Archived from the original on 24 July 2010 dona clara. Retrieved 23 May 2012. • ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 September 2010.

Retrieved 6 September 2010. {{ cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link) • ^ For more information about the social system of the Indigenous Philippine society before the Spanish colonization confer Barangay in Enciclopedia Universal Ilustrada Europea-Americana, Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, S.

A., 1991, Vol. VII, p.624. • ^ BLAIR, Emma Helen & ROBERTSON, James Alexander, eds. (1906). The Philippine Islands, 1493–1898. Vol. 40 of 55 (1690–1691). Historical introduction and additional notes by Edward Gaylord BOURNE. Cleveland, Ohio: Arthur H. Clark Company. ISBN 978-0559361821. OCLC 769945730.

dona clara

Explorations by early navigators, descriptions of the islands and their peoples, their dona clara and records of the catholic missions, as related in contemporaneous books and manuscripts, showing the political, economic, commercial and religious conditions of those islands from their earliest relations with European nations to the close of the nineteenth century.

• ^ de León Pinelo, Antonio Rodríguez & de Solórzano Pereira, Juan, eds. (1680). Recopilación de Leyes de los Reynos de las Indias (pdf) dona clara Spanish). Vol. Libro Sexto. Títulos: i De los Indios. ii De la libertad de los Indios. iii De las Reducciones, y Pueblos de Indios. iv De las caxas de censos, y bienes de Comunidad, y su administracion.

v De los tributos, y tassas de los Indios. vi De los Protectores de Indios. vii De los Caciques. viii De los repastimientos, encomiendas, y pensiones de Indios, y calidades de los titulos. ix De los Dona clara de Indios. x De el buen tratamiento de los Indios. xi De la sucession de encomiendas, entretenimientos, y ayudas de costa. xii Del servicio personal. xiii Del servicio en chacras, viñas, olivares, obrajes, ingenios, perlas, tambos, requas, carreterias, casas, ganados, y bogas.

xiv Del servicio en coca, y añir. xv Del servicio en minas. xvi De los Indios de Chile. xvii De los Indios de Tucuman, Paraguay, y Rio de la Plata. xviii De los Sangleyes. xix De las confirmaciones de encomiendas, pensiones, rentas, y situaciones.

• ^ The use of the honorific addresses "Don" and "Doña" was strictly limited to what many documents during the colonial period would refer to as "vecinas y vecinos distinguidos". An example of a document of the Spanish colonial government mentioning the "vecinos distinguidos" is the 1911 Report written by R.

P. Fray Agapito Lope, O.S.A. (parish priest of Banate, Iloilo in 1893) on the state of the Parish of St. John the Baptist in this town in the Philippines. The second page identifies the "vecinos distinguidos" of the Banate during the last years of the Spanish rule. The original document is in the custody of the Monastery of the Augustinian Province of the Most Holy Name of Jesus of the Philippines in Valladolid, Spain. Cf. Fray Agapito Lope 1911 Manuscript, p. 1. Also cf. Fray Agapito Lope 1911 Manuscript, p.

2. In these documents, Spanish Friars would place "D" (Don) before the name of a Filipino notable, and "Da" (Dona) before the name of a filipina notable.

• ^ When the Americans appointed local officials at the onset of their rule, like the Spaniards they also acknowledged the ruling class. In the list of the municipal leaders, American documents placed the traditional Spanish title of these local notables - the title of "Don". Cf. Annual report of the Philippine Commission / Bureau of Insular Affairs, War Department to the President of the United States, Washington D.C.: 1901, Vol.

I, p. 130. [1] • ^ Cf. Jennifer Franco, Heyday of Casique Democracy (1954-1972) in Elections and Democratization in the Philippines, 2001: New York, Routledge, Chapter 3. • ^ Sample of an actual document, dated 25 July 1953, attesting that Mayors used to be appointed. • ^ (in Italian) Ordinamento dello stato nobiliare italiano ( Statute of Italian nobility condition) approved by Royal Decree 651 dated 7 June 1943: art. 39. When opening the link, click on Statuto e Elenco Nobiliare Sardo on the left and then on the Ordinamento itself (second link).

• ^ Angus Stevenson, ed. (2007). Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. Vol. 1, A–M (Sixth ed.). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. p. 737. ISBN 978-0-19-920687-2. • Holiness • Imperial and Royal Majesty (HI&RM) • Imperial and Most Faithful Majesty • Imperial Majesty (HIM) • Apostolic Majesty (HAM) • Apostolic King • Catholic Monarchs • Catholic Dona clara (HCM) • Most Christian Majesty (HMCM) • Most Faithful Majesty (HFM) • Orthodox Majesty (HOM) • Britannic Majesty dona clara • Most Excellent Majesty • Most Gracious Majesty • Royal Majesty (HRM) • Majesty (HM) • Grace (HG) • Royal Highness (HRH) • Monseigneur (Msgr) • Exalted Highness (HEH) • Highness (HH) • Most Eminent Highness (HMEH) • Serene Highness (HSH) • Illustrious Highness (HIll.H) • Excellency (HE) • Most Excellent • Most Illustrious • Hochgeboren • Hochwohlgeboren • Wohlgeboren • Much Honoured (The Much Hon.) • Milord (Millourt) Antiquity Hidden categories: • Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference • Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica • Webarchive template wayback links • CS1 maint: archived copy as title • CS1: long volume value dona clara CS1 Spanish-language sources (es) • Articles with Italian-language sources (it) • Articles with short description • Short description is different from Wikidata • Use dmy dates from April 2019 • Articles containing Portuguese-language text • Articles containing Latin-language text • Articles containing Romanian-language text • العربية dona clara Български • Brezhoneg • Català • Čeština • Dansk • Deutsch • Español • Esperanto • فارسی • Français • Frysk • Bahasa Indonesia • Italiano • עברית • Nederlands • 日本語 • Norsk bokmål • Polski • Português • Русский • Sicilianu • Simple English • Slovenščina • Suomi • Svenska • Татарча/tatarça • Українська • 粵語 Edit links • This page was last edited on 7 May 2022, at 18:58 (UTC).

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