Uni emirat arab

uni emirat arab

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Head Of Government: Prime Minister: Sheikh Mohammed ibn Rashid Al Maktoum . (Show more) Capital: Abu Dhabi . (Show more) Population: (2021 est.) 9,279,000 . (Show more) Currency Exchange Rate: 1 USD equals 3.673 Emirati dirham . (Show more) Head Of State: President: Sheikh Khalifa ibn Zayed Al Nahyan .

(Show more) Overview of Dubai city, United Arab Emirates. Contunico © ZDF Enterprises GmbH, Mainz See all videos for this article The largest of these emirates, Abu Dhabi ( Abū Ẓaby), which comprises more than three-fourths of the federation’s total land area, is the centre of its oil industry and borders Saudi Arabia on the federation’s southern and eastern borders. The port city of Dubai, located at the base of the mountainous Musandam Peninsula, is the capital of the emirate of Dubai ( Dubayy) and is one of the region’s most vital commercial and financial centres, housing hundreds of multinational corporations in a forest of skyscrapers.

The smaller emirates of Sharjah ( Al-Shāriqah), ʿAjman (ʿAjmān), Umm al-Quwain (Umm al-Qaywayn), uni emirat arab Ras al-Khaimah (Raʾs al-Khaymah) also occupy the peninsula, whose protrusion north toward Iran forms the Strait of Hormuz linking the Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Oman. The federation’s seventh member, Fujairah (Al-Fujayrah), faces the Gulf of Oman and is the only member of the union with no frontage along the Persian Gulf. Where is the Great Uni emirat arab What is Rhodesia now called?

And which country’s name means "silvery"? It’s a country challenge--are you up for it?

uni emirat arab

Historically the domain of individual Arab clans and families, the region now comprising the emirates also has been influenced by Persian culture owing to its close proximity to Iran, and its porous maritime borders have for centuries invited migrants and traders from elsewhere.

In the 18th century, Portugal and the Netherlands extended their holdings in the region but retreated with the growth of British naval power there; following a series of truces with Britain in the 19th century, the emirates united to form the Trucial States (also called Trucial Oman or the Trucial Sheikhdoms).

The states gained autonomy following World War II (1939–45), when the trucial states of Bahrain and Qatar declared independent statehood. The rest were formally united in 1971, with the city of Abu Dhabi serving as the capital. The stability of the federation has since been tested by rivalries between the families governing the larger states of Abu Dhabi and Dubai, though external events such as the Persian Gulf War (1990–91) and an ongoing territorial dispute with Iran have served to strengthen the emirates’ political cohesion.

The emirates comprise a mixed environment of rocky desert, coastal plains and wetlands, and waterless mountains. The seashore is a haven for migratory waterfowl and draws birdwatchers from all over the world; the country’s unspoiled beaches and opulent resorts also have drawn international travelers.

Standing at a uni emirat arab and geographic crossroads and made up of diverse nationalities and ethnic groups, the United Arab Emirates present a striking blend of ancient customs and modern technology, of cosmopolitanism and insularity, and of wealth and want. The rapid pace of uni emirat arab of the emirates prompted travel writer Jonathan Raban to note of the capital: “The condition of Abu Dhabi was so evidently mint that it would not have been surprising to see adhering to the buildings bits of straw and polystyrene from the crates in which they had been packed.” United Arab Emirates portal The United Arab Emirates ( UAE; Arabic: الإمارات العربية المتحدة al-ʾImārāt al-ʿArabīyah al-Muttaḥidah), or simply the Emirates ( Arabic: الإمارات al-ʾImārāt), is a country in Western Asia.

It is located at the eastern end of the Arabian Peninsula, and shares borders with Oman and Saudi Arabia, while having maritime borders in the Persian Gulf with Qatar and Iran.

Uni emirat arab Dhabi is the nation's capital, while Dubai, the most populous city, is an international hub. The United Arab Emirates is an elective monarchy formed from a federation of seven emirates, consisting of Abu Dhabi (The capital), Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm Al Quwain. [13] Each emirate is governed by an Emir and, together, they form the Federal Supreme Council; Abu Dhabi's emir serves as President of the United Arab Emirates while Dubai's emir serves as Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates.

[14] In 2013, the country had a population of 9.2 million, of which 1.4 million were Emirati citizens and 7.8 million were expatriates. [15] [16] [17] As of 2020 [update], the United Arab Emirates has an estimated population of roughly 9.9 million.

[18] Islam is the official religion and Arabic is the official language. The United Arab Emirates' oil and natural gas reserves are the world's sixth and seventh-largest, respectively. [19] [20] Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, ruler of Abu Dhabi and the country's first president, oversaw the development of the Emirates by investing oil revenues into healthcare, education, and infrastructure.

[21] The United Arab Emirates has the most diversified economy among the members of the Gulf Cooperation Council. [22] In the 21st century, the country has become less reliant on oil and gas, and is economically focusing on tourism and business.

The government does not levy income tax, although there is a corporate tax in place and a 5% value-added tax was established in 2018. [23] Human rights in the country has been regarded by scholars such as Amnesty International, Freedom House and Human Rights Watch as being generally substandard, with citizens criticising the regime imprisoned and tortured, and their families harassed by the state security apparatus, with cases of forced disappearances.

[24] [25] The UAE is a middle power. It is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, OPEC, the Non-Aligned Movement, and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). Contents • 1 History • 1.1 Antiquity • 1.2 Islam • 1.3 Portuguese era • 1.4 British era and discovery of oil • 1.5 Independence • 1.6 Post-Independence period • 2 Geography • 2.1 Biodiversity • 2.2 Climate • 3 Government and politics • 3.1 Government • 3.2 Foreign relations • 3.3 Military • 3.4 Administrative divisions • 3.5 Law • 3.6 Corporal and capital punishment • 3.7 Sharia courts and family law • 3.8 Blasphemy law • 3.9 Human rights • 3.10 Migrant workers • 4 Media • 4.1 Print media • 4.2 Social media • 5 Economy • 5.1 Business and finance • 5.2 Oil and gas • 5.3 Tourism • 5.4 Transport • 5.4.1 Air • 5.4.2 Highways • 5.4.3 Eligibility to drive • 5.4.4 Rail • 5.4.5 Sea • 5.5 Telecommunications • 6 Culture • 6.1 Cuisine • 6.2 Sports • 6.2.1 Football • 6.2.2 Cricket • 7 Education • 8 Demographics • 8.1 Religion • 8.2 Languages • 8.3 Health • 8.4 Largest cities • 9 See also • 10 References • 11 Further reading • 12 External links History [ edit ] Main article: History of the United Arab Emirates Human occupation has been traced back to the emergence of anatomically modern humans from Africa some 124,000 BCE through finds at the Faya-2 site in Mleiha, Sharjah.

Burial sites dating back to the Neolithic Age and the Bronze Age include the oldest known such inland site uni emirat arab Jebel Buhais. Known as Magan to the Sumerians, the area was home to a prosperous Bronze Age trading culture during the Umm Al Nar period which traded between the Indus Valley, Bahrain and Mesopotamia as well as Iran, Bactria and the Levant. The ensuing Wadi Suq period and three Iron Ages saw the emergence of nomadism as well as the development of water management and irrigation systems supporting human settlement in both the coast and interior.

The Islamic age of the UAE dates back to the expulsion of the Sasanians and the subsequent Battle of Dibba. The UAE' history of trade led to the emergence of Julfar, in the present-day emirate of Ras Al Khaimah, as uni emirat arab regional trading and maritime hub in the area.

The maritime dominance of the Persian Gulf by Emirati traders led to conflicts with European powers, including the Portuguese Empire and the British Empire. [26] Following decades of maritime conflict, the coastal emirates became known as the Trucial States with the signing of the General Maritime Treaty with the British in 1820 (ratified in 1853 and again in 1892), which established the Trucial States as a British uni emirat arab.

This arrangement ended with independence and the establishment of the United Arab Emirates on 2 December 1971 following the British withdrawal from its uni emirat arab obligations. Six emirates joined the UAE in 1971; the seventh, Ras Al Khaimah, joined the federation on 10 February 1972.

[27] Antiquity [ edit ] 2nd century BCE era jar found in Mleiha Archaeological site in Sharjah. Stone tools recovered reveal a settlement of people from Africa some 127,000 years ago and a stone tool used for butchering animals discovered on the Arabian coast suggests an even older habitation from 130,000 years ago. [28] There is no proof of contact with the outside world at that stage, although in time lively trading links developed with civilisations in Mesopotamia, Iran and the Harappan culture of the Indus Valley.

This contact persisted and became wider, probably motivated by the trade in copper from the Hajar Mountains, which commenced around 3,000 BCE. [29] Sumerian sources talk of UAE as home to the 'Makkan' or Magan people.

[30] There are six periods of human settlement with distinctive behaviours in UAE before Islam, which include the Hafit period from 3,200 to 2,600 BCE, the Umm Al Nar culture spanned from 2,600 to 2,000 BCE, the Wadi Suq people dominated from 2,000 to 1,300 BCE. From 1,200 BCE to the advent of Islam in Eastern Arabia, through three distinctive Iron Ages and the Mleiha period, the area was variously occupied by the Achaemenids and other forces, and saw the construction of fortified settlements and extensive husbandry thanks to the development of the falaj irrigation system.

In ancient times, Al Hasa (today's Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia) was part of Al Bahreyn and adjoined Greater Oman (today's UAE and Oman). From the second century CE, there was a movement of tribes from Al Bahreyn towards the lower Gulf, together with a migration among the Azdite Qahtani (or Yamani) and Quda'ah tribal groups from south-west Arabia towards central Oman.

Islam [ edit ] The spread of Islam to the North Eastern tip of the Arabian Peninsula is thought to have followed directly from a letter sent by the Islamic prophet, Muhammad, to the rulers of Oman in 630 CE, nine years after the hijrah.

This led to a group of rulers travelling to Medina, converting to Islam and subsequently driving a successful uprising against the unpopular Sasanids, who dominated the Northern coasts at the time. [31] Following the death of Muhammad, the new Islamic communities south of the Persian Gulf threatened to disintegrate, with insurrections against the Muslim leaders. The Caliph Abu Bakr sent an army from the capital Medina which completed its reconquest of the territory ( the Ridda Wars) with the Battle of Dibba in which 10,000 lives are thought to have been lost.

[32] This assured the integrity of the Caliphate and the unification of the Arabian Peninsula under the newly emerging Rashidun Caliphate. In 637, Julfar (in the area of today's Ras Al Khaimah) was an important port that was used as a staging post for the Islamic invasion of the Sasanian Empire.

[33] The area of the Al Ain/ Buraimi Oasis was known as Tu'am and was an important trading post for camel routes between the coast and the Arabian interior. [34] The earliest Christian site in the UAE was first discovered in the 1990s, an extensive monastic complex on what is now known as Sir Bani Yas Island and which dates back to the seventh century.

Thought to be Nestorian and built in 600 CE, the church appears to have been abandoned peacefully in 750 CE. [35] It forms a rare physical link to a legacy of Christianity which is thought to have uni emirat arab across the peninsula from 50 to 350 CE following trade routes. Certainly, by the fifth century, Oman had a bishop named John – the last bishop of Oman being Etienne, in 676 CE. [36] Portuguese era [ edit ] A painting of the Portuguese Empire Doba Fortress in Dibba Al-Hisn in 1620.

The harsh desert environment led to the emergence of the "versatile tribesman", nomadic groups who subsisted due to a variety of economic activities, including animal husbandry, agriculture and hunting. The seasonal movements of these groups led to not only frequent clashes between groups but also the establishment of seasonal and semi-seasonal settlements and centres.

These formed tribal groupings whose names are still carried by modern Emiratis, including the Bani Yas and Uni emirat arab Bu Falah of Abu Dhabi, Al Ain, Liwa and the west coast, the Dhawahir, Awamir, Al Ali and Manasir of the interior, the Sharqiyin of the east coast and the Qawasim to the North.

[37] With the expansion of European colonial empires, Portuguese, English and Dutch forces appeared in the Persian Gulf region. By the 18th century, the Bani Yas confederation was the dominant force in most of the area now known as Abu Dhabi, [38] [39] [40] while the Northern Al Qawasim (Al Qasimi) dominated maritime commerce.

The Portuguese maintained an influence over the coastal settlements, building forts in the wake of the bloody 16th-century conquests of coastal communities by Albuquerque and the Portuguese commanders who followed him – particularly on the east coast at Muscat, Sohar and Khor Fakkan.

[41] The southern coast of the Persian Gulf was known to the British as the " Pirate Coast", [42] [43] as boats of the Al Qawasim federation harassed British-flagged shipping from the 17th century into the 19th. [44] The charge of piracy is disputed by modern Emirati historians, including the current Ruler of Sharjah, Sheikh Sultan Al Qasimi, in his 1986 book The Myth of Arab Piracy in the Gulf.

[45] A painting depicting the burning of the coastal town and port of Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah during the Persian Gulf campaign of 1809. British expeditions to protect their Indian trade routes led to campaigns against Ras Al Khaimah and other harbours along the coast, including the Persian Gulf campaign of 1809 and the more successful campaign of 1819.

The following year, Britain and a number of local rulers signed a maritime truce, giving rise to the term Trucial States, which came to define the status of the coastal emirates. A further treaty was signed in 1843 and, in 1853 the Perpetual Maritime Truce was agreed. To this was added the 'Exclusive Agreements', signed in 1892, which made the Trucial States a British protectorate.

[46] Under the 1892 treaty, the trucial sheikhs agreed not to dispose of any territory except to the British and not to enter into relationships with any foreign government other than the British without their consent.

In return, the British promised to protect the Trucial Coast from all aggression by sea and to help in case of land attack. The Exclusive Agreement was signed by the Rulers of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Ras Al Khaimah and Umm Al Quwain between 6 and 8 March 1892. It was subsequently ratified by the Governor-General of India and the British Government in London. [ citation needed] British maritime policing meant that pearling fleets could operate in relative security.

However, the British prohibition of the slave trade meant an important source of income was lost to some sheikhs and merchants. [47] In 1869, the Qubaisat tribe settled at Khawr al Udayd and tried to enlist the support of the Ottomans, whose flag was occasionally seen flying there. Khawr al Udayd was claimed by Abu Dhabi at that time, a claim supported by the British. In 1906, the British Political Resident, Percy Cox, confirmed in writing to the ruler of Abu Dhabi, Zayed bin Khalifa Al Nahyan ('Zayed the Great') that Khawr al Udayd belonged to his sheikhdom.

[48] British era and discovery of oil [ edit ] Dhayah Fort at the hill top. In 1819 it was the last Al-Qasimi stronghold to fall in the Persian Gulf campaign of 1819.

The fall of Dhayah was to pave the way for the signing of the General Maritime Treaty of 1820. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the pearling industry thrived, providing both income and employment to the people of the Persian Gulf. The First World War had a severe impact on the industry, but it was the economic depression of the late 1920s and early 1930s, coupled with the invention of the cultured pearl, that wiped out the trade.

The remnants of the trade eventually faded away shortly after the Second World War, when the newly independent Government of India imposed heavy taxation on pearls imported from the Arab states of the Persian Gulf.

The decline of pearling resulted in extreme economic hardship in the Trucial States. [49] In 1922, the British government secured undertakings from the rulers of the Trucial States not to sign concessions with foreign companies without their consent.

Aware of the potential for the development of natural resources such as oil, following finds in Persia (from 1908) and Mesopotamia (from 1927), a British-led oil company, the Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC), showed an interest in the region.

The Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC, later to become British Petroleum, or BP) had a 23.75% share in IPC. From 1935, onshore concessions to explore for oil were granted by local rulers, with APOC signing the first one on behalf of Petroleum Concessions Ltd (PCL), an associate company of IPC.

[50] APOC was prevented from developing the region alone because of the restrictions of the Red Line Agreement, which required it to operate through IPC. A number of options between PCL and the trucial rulers were signed, providing useful revenue for communities experiencing poverty following the collapse of the pearl trade.

However, the wealth of oil which the rulers could see from the revenues accruing to surrounding countries such as Iran, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar and Saudi Arabia remained elusive. The first bore holes in Abu Dhabi were drilled by IPC's operating company, Petroleum Development (Trucial Coast) Ltd (PDTC) at Ras Sadr in 1950, with a 13,000-foot-deep (4,000-metre) bore hole taking a year to drill and turning out dry, at the tremendous cost at the time of £1 million.

Dubai in 1950; the area in this photo shows Bur Dubai in the foreground (centered on Al-Fahidi Fort); Deira in middle-right on the other side of the creek; and Al Shindagha (left) and Al Ras (right) in the background across the creek again from Deira The British set up a development office that helped in some small developments in the emirates. The seven sheikhs of the emirates then decided to form a council to coordinate matters between them and took over the development office.

In 1952, they formed the Trucial States Council, [51] and appointed Adi Bitar, Dubai's Sheikh Rashid's legal advisor, as Secretary General and Legal Advisor to the council. The council was terminated once the United Arab Emirates was formed. [52] The tribal nature of society and the lack of definition of borders between emirates frequently led to disputes, settled either through mediation or, more rarely, force. The Trucial Oman Scouts was a small military force used by the British to keep the peace.

Uni emirat arab 1953, a subsidiary of BP, D'Arcy Exploration Ltd, obtained an offshore concession from the ruler of Abu Dhabi. BP joined with Compagnie Française des Pétroles (later Total) to form operating companies, Abu Dhabi Marine Areas Ltd (ADMA) and Dubai Marine Areas Ltd (DUMA). A number of undersea oil surveys were carried out, including one led by the famous marine explorer Jacques Cousteau.

[53] [54] In 1958, a floating platform rig was towed from Hamburg, Germany, and positioned over the Umm Shaif pearl bed, in Abu Dhabi waters, where drilling began. In March, it struck oil in the Upper Thamama, a rock formation that would provide many valuable oil finds.

This was the first commercial discovery of the Trucial Coast, leading to the first exports of oil in 1962. ADMA made further offshore discoveries at Zakum and elsewhere, and other companies made commercial finds such as the Fateh oilfield off Dubai and the Mubarak field off Sharjah (shared with Iran).

[55] Meanwhile, onshore exploration was hindered by territorial disputes. In 1955, the United Kingdom represented Abu Dhabi and Oman in their dispute with Saudi Arabia over the Buraimi Oasis. [56] A 1974 agreement between Abu Dhabi and Saudi Arabia seemed to have settled the Abu Dhabi-Saudi border dispute, but this has not been ratified. [57] The UAE's border with Oman was ratified in 2008. [58] PDTC continued its onshore exploration away from the disputed area, drilling five more bore holes that were also dry.

However, on 27 October 1960, the company discovered oil in commercial quantities at the Uni emirat arab No. 3 well on the coast near Tarif. [59] In 1962, PDTC became the Abu Dhabi Petroleum Company. As oil revenues increased, the ruler of Abu Dhabi, Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, undertook a massive construction program, building schools, housing, hospitals and roads. When Dubai's oil exports commenced in 1969, Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum, the ruler of Dubai, was able to invest the revenues from the limited reserves found to spark the diversification drive that would create the modern global city of Dubai.

[60] Independence [ edit ] Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan was the first President of the United Arab Emirates and is recognised as the father of the nation. By 1966, it had become clear the British government could no longer afford to administer and protect what is now the United Arab Emirates.

British Members of Parliament (MPs) debated the preparedness of the Royal Navy to defend the sheikhdoms. Secretary of State for Defence Denis Healey reported that the British Armed Forces were seriously overstretched and in some respects dangerously under-equipped to defend the sheikhdoms.

On 24 January 1968, British Prime Minister Harold Wilson announced the government's decision, reaffirmed in March 1971 by Prime Minister Edward Heath, to end the treaty relationships with the seven Trucial Sheikhdoms, that had been, together with Bahrain and Qatar, under British protection.

Days after the announcement, the ruler of Abu Dhabi, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, fearing vulnerability, tried to persuade the British to honour the protection treaties by offering to pay the full costs of keeping the British Armed Forces in the Emirates. The British Labour government rejected the offer.

[61] After Labour MP Goronwy Roberts informed Sheikh Zayed of the news of British withdrawal, the nine Persian Gulf sheikhdoms attempted to form a union of Arab emirates, but by mid-1971 they were still unable to agree on terms of union even though the British treaty relationship was to expire in December of uni emirat arab year.

[62] Fears of vulnerability were realised the day before independence. An Iranian destroyer group broke formation from an exercise in the lower Gulf, sailing to the Tunb islands. The islands were taken by force, civilians and Arab defenders alike allowed to flee. Uni emirat arab British warship stood idle during the course of the invasion.

[63] A destroyer group approached the island Abu Musa as well. But there, Sheikh Khalid bin Mohammed Al Qasimi had already negotiated with the Iranian Shah, and the island was quickly leased to Iran for $3 million a year. Meanwhile, Saudi Arabia laid claim to swathes of Abu Dhabi. [64] Originally intended to be part of the proposed Federation of Arab Emirates, Bahrain became independent in August, and Qatar in September 1971.

When the British-Trucial Sheikhdoms treaty expired on 1 December 1971, both emirates became fully independent. [65] On 2 December 1971, at the Dubai Guesthouse (now known as Union House) six of the emirates (Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Sharjah and Umm Al Quwain) agreed to enter into a union called the United Arab Emirates. Ras al-Khaimah joined it later, uni emirat arab 10 January 1972.

[66] [67] In February 1972, the Federal National Council (FNC) was created; it was a 40-member consultative body appointed by the seven rulers. The UAE joined the Arab League on 6 December 1971 and the United Nations on 9 December.

[68] It was a founding member of the Gulf Cooperation Council in May 1981, with Abu Dhabi hosting the first GCC summit.

uni emirat arab

A 19-year-old Emirati from Abu Dhabi, Abdullah Mohammed Al Maainah, designed the UAE flag in 1971. The four colours of the flag are the Pan-Arab colours of red, green, white, and black, and represent the unity of the Arab nations.

It was adopted on 2 December 1971. Al Maainah went on to serve as the UAE ambassador to Chile and currently serves as the UAE ambassador to the Czech Republic. [69] Post-Independence period [ edit ] View of Dubai The UAE supported military operations by the US and other coalition nations engaged in the war against the Taliban in Afghanistan (2001) and Saddam Hussein in Ba'athist Iraq (2003) as well as operations supporting the Global War on terror for the Horn of Africa at Al Dhafra Air Base located outside of Abu Dhabi.

The air base also supported Allied operations during the 1991 Persian Gulf War and Operation Northern Watch. The country had already signed a military defence agreement with the U.S. in 1994 and one with France in 1995. [70] [71] In January 2008, France and the UAE signed a deal allowing France to set up a permanent military base in the emirate of Abu Dhabi. [72] The UAE joined international military operations in Libya in March 2011. On 2 November 2004, the UAE's first president, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, died.

Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan was elected as the President of the UAE. In accordance with the constitution, the UAE's Supreme Council of Rulers elected Khalifa as president. Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan succeeded Khalifa as Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi. [73] In January 2006, Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Uni emirat arab, the prime minister of the UAE and the ruler of Dubai, died, and Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum assumed both roles. The first ever national elections were held in the UAE on 16 December 2006.

A number of voters chose half of the members of the Federal National Council. The UAE has largely escaped the Arab Spring, which other countries uni emirat arab experienced; however, 60 Emirati activists from Al Islah were apprehended for an alleged coup attempt and the attempt of the establishment of an Islamist state in the UAE.

[74] [75] [76] Mindful of the protests in nearby Bahrain, in November 2012 the UAE outlawed online mockery of its own government or attempts to organise public protests through social media. [21] On 29 January 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the UAE, as a 73-year-old Chinese woman had tested positive for the disease. [77] Two months later, in March, the government announced the closure of shopping malls, schools, and places of worship, in addition to imposing a 24-hour curfew, and suspending all Emirates passenger flights.

[78] [79] [80] [81] [82] This resulted in a major economic downturn, which eventually led to the merger of more than 50% of the UAE's federal agencies. [83] On 29 August 2020, the UAE established normal diplomatic relations with Israel and with the help of the United States, they signed the Abraham Accords with Bahrain. [84] On 9 February 2021, the UAE achieved a historic milestone when its probe, named Hope, successfully reached Mars' orbit.

The UAE became the first country in the Arab world to reach Mars, the fifth country to successfully reach Mars, uni emirat arab the second country, after an Indian probe, to orbit Mars on its maiden attempt.

Geography [ edit ] Satellite image of United Uni emirat arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates is situated in Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia; it is in a strategic location slightly south of the Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil.

[85] The UAE lies between 22°30' and 26°10' north latitude and between 51° and 56°25′ east longitude. It shares a 530-kilometre (330 mi) border with Saudi Arabia on the west, south, and southeast, and a 450-kilometre (280 mi) border with Oman on the southeast and northeast.

The land border with Qatar in the Khawr al Udayd area is about nineteen kilometres (12 miles) in the northwest; however, it is a source of ongoing dispute. [86] Following Britain's military departure from the UAE in 1971, and its establishment as a new state, the UAE laid claim to islands resulting in disputes with Iran that uni emirat arab unresolved. [87] The UAE also disputes claim on other islands against the neighboring state of Qatar. [88] The largest emirate, Abu Dhabi, accounts for 87% of the UAE's total area [89] uni emirat arab square kilometres (26,000 sq mi)).

[90] The smallest emirate, Ajman, encompasses only 259 km 2 (100 sq mi) (see figure). [91] The UAE coast stretches for nearly 650 km (404 mi) along the southern shore of the Persian Gulf, briefly interrupted by an isolated outcrop of the Sultanate of Oman. Six of the emirates are situated along the Persian Gulf, and the seventh, Fujairah is on the eastern coast of the peninsula with direct access to the Gulf of Oman.

[92] Most of the coast consists of salt pans that extend 8–10 km inland. [93] The largest natural harbor is at Dubai, although other ports have been dredged at Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, and elsewhere. [94] Numerous islands are found in the Persian Gulf, and the ownership of some of them has been the subject of international disputes with both Iran and Qatar. The smaller islands, as well as many coral reefs and shifting sandbars, are a menace to navigation. Strong tides and occasional windstorms further complicate ship movements near the shore.

The UAE also has a stretch of the Al Bāţinah coast of the Gulf of Oman. The Musandam Peninsula, the very tip of Arabia by the Strait of Hormuz, and Madha are exclaves of Oman separated by the UAE. [95] Roads leading to Jebel Jais, the highest mountain in the UAE (1,892 m), in Ras Al Khaimah.

South and west of Abu Dhabi, vast, rolling sand dunes merge into the Rub al-Khali (Empty Quarter) of Saudi Arabia. [96] The desert area of Abu Dhabi includes two important oases with adequate underground water for permanent settlements and cultivation.

The uni emirat arab Liwa Oasis is in the south near the undefined border with Saudi Arabia. About 100 km (62 mi) to the northeast of Liwa is the Al-Buraimi oasis, which extends on both sides of the Abu Dhabi-Oman border. Lake Zakher in Al Ain is a human-made lake near the border with Uni emirat arab that was created from treated waste water. [97] Prior to withdrawing from the area in 1971, Britain delineated the internal borders among the seven emirates in order to preempt territorial disputes that might hamper formation of the federation.

In general, the rulers of the emirates accepted the British interventions, but in the case of boundary disputes between Abu Dhabi and Dubai, and also between Dubai and Sharjah, conflicting claims were not resolved until after the UAE became independent.

The most complicated borders were in the Al-Hajar al-Gharbi Mountains, where five of the emirates contested jurisdiction over more than a dozen enclaves. Biodiversity [ edit ] Acacia trees growing in desert suburbs near Fujairah The UAE contains four terrestri ecoregions: Al Hajar montane woodlands, Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert, Al-Hajar foothill xeric woodlands and shrublands, and Al-Hajar montane woodlands and shrublands.

[98] The uni emirat arab grow date palms, acacia and eucalyptus trees. In the desert, the flora is very sparse and consists of grasses and thorn bushes. The indigenous fauna had come close to extinction because of intensive hunting, which has led to a conservation program on Sir Bani Yas Island initiated by Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan in the 1970s, resulting in the survival of, for example, Arabian Oryx, Arabian camel and leopards.

Coastal fish and mammals consist mainly of mackerel, perch, and tuna, as well as sharks and whales. Climate [ edit ] The climate of the UAE is subtropical-arid with hot summers and warm winters. The climate is categorized as desert climate. The hottest months are July and August, when average maximum temperatures reach above 45 °C (113 °F) on the coastal plain.

In the Al Hajar Mountains, temperatures are considerably lower, a result of increased elevation. [99] Average minimum temperatures in January and February are between 10 and 14 °C (50 and 57 °F).

[100] During the late summer months, a humid southeastern wind known as Sharqi (i.e. "Easterner") makes the uni emirat arab region especially unpleasant. The average annual rainfall in uni emirat arab coastal area is less than 120 mm (4.7 in), but in some mountainous areas annual rainfall often reaches 350 mm (13.8 in). Rain in the coastal region falls in short, torrential bursts during the winter months, sometimes resulting in floods in ordinarily dry wadi beds.

[101] The region is prone to occasional, violent dust storms, which can severely reduce visibility. On 28 December 2004, there was snow recorded in the UAE for the first time, in the Jebel Jais mountain cluster in Ras al-Khaimah. [102] A few years later, there were more sightings of snow and hail. [103] [104] The Jebel Jais mountain cluster has experienced snow only twice since uni emirat arab began.

[105] Government and politics uni emirat arab edit ] Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President & Prime Minister since 2006 The UAE is an authoritarian state. [106] [107] [108] [109] According to The New York Times, the UAE is "an autocracy with the sheen of a progressive, modern state". [110] The UAE has been described as a "tribal autocracy" where the seven constituent monarchies are led by tribal rulers in an autocratic fashion.

[111] There are no democratically elected institutions, and there is no formal commitment to free speech. [112] According to human rights organizations, there are systematic human rights violations, including the torture and forced disappearance of government critics.

[112] The UAE ranks poorly in freedom indices measuring civil liberties and political rights. The UAE is annually ranked as "Not Free" in Freedom House's annual Freedom in the World report, which measures civil liberties and political rights. [113] The UAE also ranks poorly in the annual Reporters without Borders' Press Freedom Index. Government [ edit ] The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federal constitutional monarchy made up from a federation of seven hereditary tribal monarchy-styled political system called Sheikhdoms.

It is governed by a Federal Supreme Council made up of the ruling Sheikhs of Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai, Ras al-Khaimah and Umm al-Quwain. All responsibilities not granted to the national government are reserved to the individual emirate.

[114] A percentage of revenues from each emirate is allocated to the UAE's central budget. [115] The United Arab Emirates uses the title Sheikh instead of Emir to refer to the rulers of individual emirates. The title is used due to the sheikhdom styled governing system in adherence to the culture of tribes of Arabia, where Sheikh means leader, elder, or the tribal chief of the clan who partakes in shared decision making with his followers.

The President and Prime Minister are elected by the Federal Supreme Council. Usually, a sheikh from Abu Dhabi holds the presidency and a sheikh from Dubai the prime minister-ship. All prime ministers but one have served concurrently as vice president. Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan is the UAE founding father and widely credited for unifying the seven emirates into one country.

He was the UAE's first president from the nation's founding until his death on 2 November 2004. On the following day the Federal Supreme Council elected his son, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, to the post. [116] The federal government is composed of three branches: • Legislative: A unicameral Federal Supreme Council and the advisory Federal National Council (FNC).

• Executive: The President, who is also commander-in-chief of the military, the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers. • Judicial: The Supreme Court and lower federal courts. Entrance to Qasr Al Watan, the presidential palace in Abu Dhabi. The UAE e-Government is the extension of the UAE Federal Government in its electronic form.

[117] The UAE's Council of Ministers ( Arabic: مجلس الوزراء) is the chief executive branch of the government presided over by the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister, who is appointed by the Federal Supreme Council, appoints the ministers. The Council of Ministers is made up of 22 members and manages all internal and foreign affairs of the federation under its constitutional and federal law. [118] In December 2019, [119] the EAU became the only Arab country, and one of only five countries in the world, to attain gender parity in a national legislative body, with its lower house 50 per cent women.

[120] [121] The UAE is the only country in the world that has a Ministry of Tolerance, [122] a Ministry of Happiness, [123] and a Ministry of Artificial Intelligence. [124] The UAE also has a virtual ministry called the Ministry of Possibilities, designed to find solutions to challenges and improve quality of life. [125] [126] The UAE also has a National Youth Council, which is represented in the UAE cabinet by the Minister of Youth.

[127] [128] The UAE legislative is the Federal National Council which convenes nationwide elections every 4 years. The FNC consists of 40 members drawn from all the emirates.

Each emirate is allocated specific seats to ensure full representation. Half are appointed by the rulers of the constituent emirates, and the other half are elected.

By law, the council members have to be equally divided between males and females. The FNC is restricted to a largely consultative role.

[129] [130] [131] Foreign relations [ edit ] Emirati Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan (furthest right) at the signing of the Abraham Accords. The UAE has broad diplomatic and commercial relations with most countries and members of the United Nations.

It plays a significant role in OPEC, uni emirat arab is one of the founding members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). The UAE is a member of the United Nations and several of its specialized agencies ( ICAO, ILO, UPU, WHO, WIPO), as well as the World Bank, IMF, Arab League, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), and the Non-Aligned Movement. Also, it is an observer in the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie. Most countries have diplomatic missions in the capital Abu Dhabi with most consulates being in UAE's largest city, Dubai.

Emirati foreign relations are motivated to a large extent by identity and relationship to the Arab world. [132] The United Arab Emirates has strong ties with Bahrain, [133] China, [134] Egypt, [135] France, [136] India, [137] Jordan, [138] Pakistan [139] Russia, [140] Saudi Arabia [141] and the United States. [142] Following the British withdrawal from the UAE in 1971 and the establishment of the UAE as a state, the UAE disputed rights to three islands in the Persian Gulf against Iran, namely Abu Musa, Greater Tunb, and Lesser Tunb.

The UAE tried to bring the matter to the International Court of Justice, but Iran dismissed the notion. [143] Pakistan was the first country to formally recognize the UAE upon its formation.

[144] The UAE alongside multiple Middle Eastern and African countries cut diplomatic ties with Qatar in June 2017 due to allegations of Qatar being a state sponsor of terrorism, resulting in the Qatar diplomatic crisis. Ties were restored in January 2021. [145] The UAE recognized Israel in August uni emirat arab, reaching a historic Israel–United Arab Emirates peace agreement and leading towards full normalization of relations between the two countries. [146] [147] [148] In March 2022, the Syrian President Bashar al-Assad came to visit the UAE, which was his first visit to an Arab country since the 2011 Syrian civil war.

During the historic visit, Assad met Mohammed bin Zayed, Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum and Mansour bin Zayed. The leaders of two sides discussed how the Emirates could provide Syria with humanitarian and political support.

However, the US said it was “profoundly disappointed and troubled by this apparent attempt to legitimize Bashar al-Assad, who remains responsible and accountable for the death and suffering of countless Syrians”. [149] [150] [151] Military [ edit ] United Arab Emirates Air Force F-16 Block 60 " Desert Falcon", taking off from the Lockheed Martin plant in Fort Worth, Texas. The United Arab Emirates military force was formed in 1971 from the historical Trucial Oman Scouts, a long symbol of public order in Eastern Arabia and commanded by British officers.

The Trucial Oman Scouts were turned over to the United Arab Emirates, as the nucleus of its defence forces in 1971, with the formation of the UAE, and was absorbed into the Union Defence Force. Although initially small in number, the UAE armed forces have grown significantly over the years and are presently equipped with some of the most modern weapon systems, purchased from a variety of western military advanced countries, mainly France, the US and the UK.

Most officers are graduates of the United Kingdom's Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst, with others having attended the United States Military Academy at West Point, the Royal Military College, Duntroon in Australia, and St Cyr, the military academy of France.

France and the United States have played the most strategically significant roles with defence cooperation agreements and military material provision. [152] Some of the UAE military deployments include an infantry battalion to the United Nations UNOSOM II force in Somalia in 1993, the 35th Mechanised Infantry Battalion to Kosovo, a regiment to Kuwait during the Iraq War, demining operations in Lebanon, Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan, American-led intervention in Libya, American-led intervention in Syria, and the Saudi-led intervention in Yemen.

The active and effective military role, despite its small active personnel, has led the UAE military to be nicknamed as "Little Sparta" by United States Armed Forces Generals and former US defense secretary James Mattis.

[153] The UAE intervened in the Libyan Civil War in support of General Khalifa Haftar's Libyan National Army in its conflict with the internationally recognised Government of National Accord (GNA). [154] [155] [156] Examples of the military assets deployed include the enforcement of the no-fly-zone over Libya by sending six UAEAF F-16 and six Mirage 2000 multi-role fighter aircraft, [157] ground troop deployment in Afghanistan, [158] 30 UAEAF F-16s and ground troops deployment in Southern Yemen, [159] and helping the US launch its first airstrikes against ISIL targets in Syria.

[160] The UAE has begun production of a greater amount of military equipment, in a bid to reduce foreign dependence and help with national industrialisation. Example of national military development include the Abu Dhabi Shipbuilding company (ADSB), which produces a range of ships and is a prime contractor in the Baynunah Programme, a programme to design, develop and produce corvettes customised for operation in the shallow waters of the Persian Gulf.

The UAE is also producing weapons and ammunition through Caracal International, military transport vehicles through Nimr LLC and unmanned aerial vehicles collectively through Emirates Defence Industries Company.

The UAE operates the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon F-16E Block 60 unique variant unofficially called " Desert Falcon", developed by General Dynamics with collaboration of the UAE and specifically for the United Arab Emirates Air Force. [161] The United Arab Emirates Army operates a customized Leclerc tank and is the only other operator of the tank aside from the French Army.

[162] The largest defence exhibition and conference in the Middle East, International Defence Exhibition, takes place biennially in Abu Dhabi. The UAE introduced a mandatory military service for adult males, since 2014, for 16 months to expand its reserve force. [163] The highest loss of life in the history of UAE military occurred on Friday 4 September 2015, in which 52 soldiers were killed in Marib area of central Yemen by a Tochka missile which targeted a weapons cache and caused a large explosion.

[164] Administrative divisions [ edit ] The United Arab Emirates comprises seven emirates. Dubai is the most populous emirate with 35.6% of the UAE population. The Emirate of Abu Dhabi has 31.2%, meaning that over two-thirds of the UAE population lives in either Abu Dhabi or Dubai.

Abu Dhabi has an area of 67,340 square kilometres (26,000 square miles), which is 86.7% of the country's total area, excluding the islands. It has a coastline extending for more than 400 km (250 mi) and is divided for administrative purposes into three major regions. The Emirate of Dubai extends along the Persian Gulf coast of the UAE for approximately 72 km (45 mi). Dubai has an area of 3,885 square kilometres (1,500 square miles), which is equivalent to 5% of the country's total area, excluding the islands.

The Emirate of Sharjah extends along approximately 16 km (10 mi) of the UAE's Persian Gulf coastline and for more than 80 km (50 mi) into the interior.

The northern emirates which include Fujairah, Ajman, Ras al-Khaimah, and Umm al-Qaiwain all have a total area of 3,881 square kilometres (1,498 square miles). There are two areas under joint control.

One is jointly controlled by Oman and Ajman, the other by Fujairah and Sharjah. There is an Omani exclave surrounded by UAE territory, known as Wadi Madha. It is located halfway between the Musandam peninsula and the rest of Oman in the Emirate of Sharjah. It covers approximately 75 square kilometres (29 square miles) and the boundary was settled in 1969. The north-east corner of Madha is closest to the Khor Fakkan-Fujairah road, barely 10 metres (33 feet) away.

Within the Omani exclave of Madha, is a UAE exclave called Nahwa, also belonging to the Emirate of Sharjah. It is about eight kilometres (5.0 miles) on a dirt track west of the town of New Madha. It consists of about forty houses uni emirat arab its own clinic and telephone exchange.

Flag Emirate Capital Population Area 2018 % (km 2) (mi 2) % Abu Dhabi Abu Dhabi 2,784,490 29.0% 67,340 26,000 86.7% Ajman Ajman 372,922 3.9% 259 100 0.3% Dubai Dubai 4,177,059 42.8% 3,885 1,500 5.0% Fujairah Fujairah 152,000 1.6% 1,165 450 1.5% Ras al-Khaimah Ras al-Khaimah 416,600 4.3% 2,486 950 3.2% Sharjah Sharjah 2,374,132 24.7% 2,590 1,000 3.3% Umm al-Quwain Umm al-Quwain 72,000 0.8% 777 300 1% UAE Abu Dhabi 9,599,353 100% 77,700 30,000 100% Law [ edit ] Main articles: Legal system of the United Arab Emirates and Crime in the United Arab Emirates The UAE has a federal court system.

There are three main branches within the court structure: civil, criminal and Sharia law. The UAE's judicial system is derived from the civil law system and Sharia law.

The court system consists of civil courts and Sharia courts. UAE's criminal and uni emirat arab courts apply elements of Sharia law, codified into its criminal code and family law. Corporal and capital punishment [ edit ] This article may lend undue weight to certain ideas, incidents, or controversies. Please help improve it uni emirat arab rewriting it in a balanced fashion that contextualizes different points of view.

( February 2022) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message) Dubai Police helicopter flying at sunset.

Flogging is a punishment for criminal offences such as adultery, premarital sex and drug or alcohol use. [25] [165] [166] According to Sharia court rulings, flogging ranges from 80 to 200 lashes. [25] [167] [168] Verbal abuse pertaining to uni emirat arab person's honour is illegal and punishable by 80 lashes.

[169] Between 2007 and 2014, many people in the UAE were sentenced to 100 lashes. [170] [171] [172] [173] [174] [175] [176] [177] [178] [ excessive citations] More recently in 2015, two men were sentenced to 80 lashes for hitting and insulting a woman.

[179] In 2014, an expatriate in Abu Dhabi was sentenced to 10 years in prison and 80 lashes after alcohol consumption and raping a toddler. [180] As of November 2020, alcohol consumption for Muslims and non Muslims is legal. In the past, many Muslims have been sentenced to 80 or 40 lashes for alcohol consumption. [181] [182] [183] [184] [185] [186] [187] [188] [189] [190] [191] [192] [ excessive citations] Illicit sex is sometimes penalized by 60 lashes.

[193] [194] [195] 80 lashes is the standard number for anyone sentenced to flogging in several emirates. [196] Sharia courts have penalized domestic workers with floggings.

[197] In October 2013, a Filipino housemaid was sentenced to 100 lashes for illegitimate pregnancy. [177] Drunk-driving is strictly illegal and punishable by 80 lashes; many expatriates have been sentenced to 80 lashes for drunk-driving. [198] [199] [200] [201] [202] [203] [204] [ excessive citations] Under UAE law, premarital sex is punishable by 100 lashes. [205] Stoning is a legal punishment in the UAE. In May 2014, an Asian housemaid was sentenced to death by stoning in Abu Dhabi.

[206] [207] [208] Other expatriates have been sentenced to death by stoning for committing adultery. [209] Between 2009 and 2013, several people were sentenced to death by stoning. [173] [210] [211] Abortion is illegal and punishable by a maximum penalty of 100 lashes and up to five years in prison. [212] In recent years, several people have retracted their guilty plea in illicit sex cases after being sentenced to stoning or 100 lashes. [213] [214] The punishment for committing adultery is 100 lashes for unmarried people and stoning to death for married people.

[215] Amputation is a legal punishment in the UAE due to the Sharia courts. [216] [217] [218] [219] [220] Crucifixion is a legal punishment in the UAE. [221] [222] [223] Article 1 of the Federal Penal Code states that "provisions of the Islamic Law shall apply to the crimes of doctrinal punishment, punitive punishment and blood money." [224] The Federal Penal Code repealed only those provisions within the penal codes of individual emirates which are contradictory to uni emirat arab Federal Penal Code.

Hence, both are enforceable simultaneously. [225] A man pictured with alcoholic beverages in Dubai. Alcoholic beverages were not widely available in the UAE before 2020 In recent history, the UAE has declared its intention to move towards a more tolerant legal code, and to phase out corporal punishment altogether.

[226] With alcohol and cohabitation laws being loosened in advance of the 2020 World Expo, Emirati laws have become increasingly acceptable to visitors from non-Muslim countries. [227] Sharia courts and family law [ edit ] This article may lend undue weight to certain ideas, incidents, or controversies.

Please help improve it by rewriting it in a balanced fashion that contextualizes different points of view. ( February 2022) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message) Dubai Police super-car motorcade at Jumeirah Road Sharia courts have exclusive jurisdiction over family law cases and also have jurisdiction over several criminal cases including adultery, premarital sex, robbery, alcohol consumption and related crimes.

The Sharia-based personal status law regulates matters such as marriage, divorce and child custody. The Islamic personal status law is applied to Muslims and sometimes non-Muslims.

[228] Non-Muslim expatriates can be liable to Sharia rulings on marriage, divorce and child custody. uni emirat arab Emirati women must receive permission from a male guardian to marry and remarry.

[229] This requirement is derived from the UAE's interpretation of Sharia, and has been federal law since 2005. [229] In all emirates, it is illegal for Muslim women to marry non-Muslims. [230] In the UAE, a marriage union between a Muslim woman and non-Muslim man is punishable by law, since it is considered a form of " fornication".

[230] The UAE Marriage Fund reported in 2012 that a majority of women over 30 were unmarried; this had tripled from 1995, when only one-fifth of women over 30 uni emirat arab unmarried. [231] Kissing in public is illegal and can result in deportation. [232] Expats in Dubai have been deported for kissing in public. [233] [234] [235] In Abu Dhabi, people have been sentenced to 80 lashes for kissing in public.

[236] A new federal law in the UAE prohibits swearing in WhatsApp and penalizes swearing by a 250,000 AED fine and imprisonment; [237] expatriates are penalized by deportation.

[237] [238] [239] In July 2015, an Australian expatriate was deported for swearing on Facebook. [240] [241] [242] [243] [244] Homosexuality is illegal and is a capital offence in the UAE. [245] [246] In 2013, an Emirati man was on trial for being accused of a "gay handshake". [246] Article 80 of the Abu Dhabi Penal Code makes sodomy punishable with imprisonment of up to 14 years, while article 177 of the Penal Code of Dubai imposes imprisonment of up to 10 years on consensual sodomy.

[247] In November 2020, UAE announced that it decriminalised alcohol, lifted ban on unmarried couples living together and ended clement punishment on honor killing. Foreigners living in the Emirates were allowed to follow their native country's laws on divorce and inheritance. [248] Blasphemy law [ edit ] This article may lend undue weight to certain ideas, incidents, or controversies.

Please help improve it by rewriting it in a balanced fashion that contextualizes different points of view. ( February 2022) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message) Abu Dhabi Police patrol car on duty at the Emirates Palace hotel Apostasy is a crime punishable by death in the UAE. [249] [250] Blasphemy is illegal; expatriates involved in insulting Islam are liable for deportation. [251] UAE incorporates hudud crimes of Sharia (i.e., crimes against God) into its Penal Code – apostasy being one of them.

[252] Article 1 and Article 66 of UAE's Penal Code requires hudud crimes to be punished with the death penalty; [252] [253] therefore, apostasy is punishable by death in the UAE. In several cases, the courts of the UAE have jailed women who have reported rape. [254] [255] [74] [256] [257] [258] For example, a British woman, after she reported being gang raped by three men, was charged with the crime of "alcohol consumption".

[74] [257] Another British woman was charged with "public intoxication and extramarital sex" after she reported being raped, [255] while an Australian woman was similarly sentenced to jail after she reported gang rape in the UAE. [255] [74] In another recent case, an 18-year Emirati girl withdrew her complaint of gang rape by six men when the prosecution threatened her with a long jail term and flogging.

[259] The woman still had to serve one year in jail. [260] In July 2013, a Norwegian woman, Marte Uni emirat arab, reported rape to the police and received a prison sentence for "illicit sex and alcohol consumption".

[255] Dancing in public is illegal in the UAE. [261] [262] [263] Uni emirat arab rights [ edit ] This article may lend undue weight to certain ideas, incidents, or controversies. Please help improve it by rewriting it in a balanced fashion that contextualizes different points of view.

( February 2022) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message) Main article: Human rights in the United Arab Emirates Flogging and stoning are legal punishments in the UAE. The requirement is derived from Sharia law, and has been federal law since 2005. [264] Some domestic workers in the UAE are victims of the country's interpretations of Sharia judicial punishments such as flogging and stoning.

[197] The annual Freedom House report on Freedom in the World has listed the United Arab Emirates as "Not Free" every year since 1999, the first year for which records are available on their website. [113] Protest against the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, March 2018 The UAE has escaped the Arab Spring; however, more than 100 Emirati activists were jailed and tortured because they sought reforms.

[76] [265] [266] Since 2011, the UAE government has increasingly carried out forced disappearances. [267] [268] [269] [270] [271] [272] Many foreign nationals and Emirati citizens have been arrested and abducted by the state. The UAE government denies these people are being held (to conceal their whereabouts), placing these people outside the protection of the law.

[266] [268] [273] According to Human Rights Watch, the reports of forced disappearance and torture in the UAE are of grave concern. [269] The Arab Organization for Human Rights has obtained testimonies from many defendants, for its report on "Forced Disappearance and Torture in the UAE", who reported that they had been kidnapped, uni emirat arab and abused in detention centres. [268] [273] The report included 16 different methods of torture including severe beatings, threats with electrocution and denying access to medical care.

[268] [273] In 2013, 94 Emirati activists were held in secret detention centres and put on trial for allegedly attempting to overthrow uni emirat arab government. [274] Human rights organizations have spoken out against the secrecy of the trial. An Emirati, whose father is among the defendants, was arrested for tweeting about the trial. In April 2013, he was sentenced to 10 months in jail. [275] The latest forced disappearance involves three sisters from Abu Dhabi. [276] Repressive measures were also used against non-Emiratis in order to justify the UAE government's claim that there is an "international plot" in which UAE citizens and foreigners were working together to destabilize the country.

[273] Foreign nationals were also subjected to a campaign of deportations. [273] There are many documented cases of Egyptians and other foreign nationals who had spent years working in the UAE and were then given only a few days to leave the country. [273] Foreign nationals subjected to forced disappearance include two Libyans [277] and two Qataris. [273] [278] Amnesty International reported that the Qatari men have been abducted by the UAE government and the UAE government has withheld information about the men's fate from their families.

[273] [278] Amongst the foreign nationals detained, imprisoned and expelled is Iyad El-Baghdadi, a popular blogger and Twitter personality. [273] He was arrested by UAE authorities, detained, uni emirat arab and then expelled from uni emirat arab country. [273] Despite his lifetime uni emirat arab in the UAE, as a Palestinian citizen, El-Baghdadi had no recourse to contest this order.

[273] He could not be deported back to the Palestinian territories, therefore he was deported to Malaysia. [273] In recent years, many Shia Muslim expatriates have been deported from the UAE.

[279] [280] [281] Lebanese Shia families in particular have been deported for their alleged sympathy for Hezbollah. [282] [283] [284] [285] [286] [287] According to some organizations, more than 4,000 Shia expatriates have been deported from the UAE in recent years.

[288] [289] The issue of sexual abuse among female domestic workers is another area of concern, particularly given that domestic servants are not covered by the UAE labour law of 1980 or the draft labour law of 2007. [290] Worker protests have been suppressed and protesters imprisoned without due process. [291] In its 2013 Annual Report, Amnesty International drew attention to the United Arab Emirates' poor record on a number of human rights issues.

They highlighted the government's restrictive approach to freedom of speech and assembly, their use of arbitrary arrest and torture, and UAE's use of the death penalty. [292] The State Security Apparatus in the UAE has been accused of a series of atrocities and human rights abuses including enforced disappearance, arbitrary arrests and torture.

[293] Freedom of association is also severely curtailed. All associations and NGOs have to register through the Ministry of Social Affairs and are therefore under de facto State control. About twenty non-political groups operate on the territory without registration. All associations have to be submitted to censorship uni emirat arab and all publications have first to be approved by the government. [294] Migrant workers [ edit ] Two south Asian blue-collar workers posing for a picture with Burj Khalifa on the background.

Migrant workers in the UAE are not allowed to join trade unions or go on strike. Those who strike may risk prison and deportation, [295] [296] as seen in 2014 when dozens of workers were deported for striking. [297] The International Trade Union Confederation has called on the United Nations to investigate evidence that thousands of migrant workers in the UAE are treated as slave labour. [298] In 2019, an investigation performed by The Guardian revealed that thousands of migrant construction workers employed on infrastructure and building projects for the UAE's Expo 2020 exhibition were working in an unsafe environment.

Some were even exposed to potentially fatal situations due to cardiovascular issues. Long hours in the sun made them vulnerable to heat strokes. [299] A report in January 2020 highlighted that the employers in the United Arab Emirates have been exploiting the Indian labor and hiring them on tourist visas, which is easier and cheaper than work permits. These migrant workers are left open to labor abuse, where they also fear reporting exploitation due to their illegal status.

Besides, the issue remains unknown as the visit visa data is not maintained in both the UAE and Indian migration and employment records. [300] Dubai construction workers having lunch break. In a 22 July 2020 news piece, Reuters reported human rights groups as saying conditions had deteriorated because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Many migrant workers racked up debt and depended on the help of charities. The report cited salary delays and layoffs as a major risk, in addition to overcrowded living conditions, lack of support and problems linked with healthcare and sick pay.

Reuters reported at least 200,000 workers, mostly from India but also from Pakistan, Bangladesh, the Philippines and Nepal, had been repatriated, according to their diplomatic missions. [301] On 2 May 2020, the Consul General of India in Dubai, Vipul, confirmed that more than 150,000 Indians in the United Arab Emirates registered to be repatriated through the e-registration option provided by Indian consulates in the UAE. According to the figures, 25% applicants lost their jobs and nearly 15% were stranded in the country due to lockdown.

Besides, 50% of the total applicants were from the state of Kerala, India. [302] On 9 October 2020, The Telegraph reported that many migrant workers were left abandoned, as they lost their jobs amidst the tightening economy due to COVID-19. With no jobs and expired visas, many hived in parks uni emirat arab the city's glistening skyscrapers, appealing for repatriation flights home.

White collar job workers were also threatened by the pandemic in the Emirates, as many UK expats returned home since the beginning of coronavirus. [303] Uni emirat arab human rights organisations have raised serious concerns about the alleged abuse of migrant workers by major contractors organising Expo 2020.

UAE's business solution provider German Pavilion is also held accountable for abusing migrant workers. [304] Media [ edit ] Dubai Media City is home to diverse news and tech companies. The UAE's media is annually classified as "not free" in the Freedom of the Press report by Freedom House.

[305] The UAE ranks poorly in the annual Press Freedom Index by Reporters without Borders. Dubai Media City and twofour54 are the UAE's main media zones. The UAE is home to some pan-Arab broadcasters, including the Middle East Broadcasting Centre and Orbit Showtime Network.

In 2007, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum decreed that journalists can no longer be prosecuted or imprisoned for reasons relating to their work. [306] At the same time, the UAE has made it illegal to disseminate online material that can threaten "public order", [307] and hands down prison terms for those who "deride or damage" the reputation of the state and "display contempt" for religion. [308] Print media [ edit ] Main article: List of newspapers in the United Arab Emirates According to UAE Year Book 2013, there are seven Arabic newspapers and eight English language newspapers, as well as a Tagalog newspaper produced and published in the UAE.

Social media [ edit ] New media, such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Instagram are used widely in the UAE by the government entities and by the public as well. [309] The UAE Government avails official social media accounts to communicate with public and hear their needs.

[309] Economy [ edit ] Burj Khalifa is the tallest human-made structure in the world. The UAE has developed from a juxtaposition of Bedouin tribes to one of the world's most wealthy states in only about 50 years. Economic growth has been impressive and steady throughout the history of this young confederation of emirates with brief periods of uni emirat arab only, e.g. in the global financial and economic crisis years 2008–09, and a couple of more mixed years starting in 2015 and persisting until 2019.

Between 2000 and 2018, average real gross domestic product (GDP) growth was at close to 4%. [310] It is the second largest economy in the GCC (after Saudi Arabia), [311] with a nominal gross domestic product (GDP) of US$414.2 billion, and a real GDP of 392.8 billion constant 2010 USD in 2018.

[310] Since its independence in 1971, the UAE's economy has grown by nearly 231 times to 1.45 trillion AED in 2013. The non-oil trade has grown to 1.2 trillion AED, a growth by around 28 times from 1981 to 2012. [311] Backed by the world's seventh-largest oil deposits, and thanks to considerate investments combined with decided economic liberalism and firm Government control, the UAE has seen their real GDP more than triple in the last four decades.

Nowadays the UAE is one of the world's richest countries, with GDP per capita almost 80% higher than OECD average. [310] As impressive as economic growth has been in the UAE, uni emirat arab total population has increased from just around 550,000 in 1975 to close to 10 million in 2018.

This growth is mainly due to the influx of foreign workers into the country, making the national population a minority.

The UAE features a unique labour market system, in which residence in the UAE is conditional on stringent visa rules. This system is a major advantage in terms of macroeconomic stability, as labour supply adjusts quickly to demand throughout economic business cycles. This allows the Government to keep unemployment in the country on a very low level of less than 3%, and it also gives the Government more leeway in terms of macroeconomic policies – where other governments often need to make trade-offs between fighting unemployment and uni emirat arab inflation.

[310] Between 2014 and 2018, the accommodation and food, education, information and communication, arts and recreation, and real estate uni emirat arab overperformed in terms of growth, whereas the construction, logistics, professional services, public, and oil and gas sectors underperformed. [310] Business and finance [ edit ] Abu Dhabi skyline The UAE offers businesses a strong enabling environment: stable political and macroeconomic conditions, a future-oriented Government, good general infrastructure and ICT infrastructure.

Moreover, the country has made continuous and convincing improvements to its regulatory environment [310] and is ranked as the 26th best nation in the world for doing business by the Doing Business 2017 Report published by the World Bank Group. [312] The UAE are in the top ranks of several other global indices, such as the World Economic Forum's (WEF) Global Competitiveness Index (GCI), the World Happiness Report (WHR) and 33rd in the Global Innovation Index in 2021.

[313] The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), for example, assigns the UAE uni emirat arab two regionally in terms of business environment and 22 worldwide. From the 2018 Arab Youth Survey the UAE emerges as the top Arab country in areas such as living, safety and security, economic opportunities, and starting a business, and as an example for other states to emulate.

[310] The weaker points remain the level of education across the UAE population, limitations in the financial and labour markets, barriers to trade and some regulations that hinder business dynamism. The major challenge for the country, though, remains translating investments and strong enabling conditions into knowledge, innovation and creative outputs.

[310] A proportional representation of United Arab Emirates exports, 2019 UAE law does not allow trade unions to exist. [314] The right to collective bargaining and the right to strike are not recognised, and the Ministry of Labour has the power to force workers to go back to work. Migrant workers who participate in a strike can have their work permits cancelled and be deported. [314] Consequently, there are very few anti-discrimination laws in relation to labour issues, with Emiratis – and other GCC Arabs – getting preference in public sector jobs despite lesser credentials than competitors and lower motivation.

In fact, just over eighty percent of Emirati workers hold government posts, with many of the rest taking part in state-owned enterprises such as Emirates airlines and Dubai Properties.

[315] The UAE's monetary policy stresses stability and predictability, as the Central Bank of the UAE (CBUAE) keeps a peg to the US Dollar (USD) and moves interest rates close to the Federal Funds Rate.

This policy makes sense in the current situation of global and regional economic and geopolitical uncertainty. Also considering the fact that exports have become the main driver of the UAE's economic growth (the contribution of international trade to GDP grew from 31% in 2017 to 33.5% in 2018, outpacing overall GDP growth for the period), and uni emirat arab fact that the AED is currently undervalued, a departure from this policy – and particularly the peg – would negatively affect this important part of the UAE economy in the short term.

In the mid- to long term, however, the peg will become less important, as the UAE transitions to a knowledge-based economy – and becomes yet more independent from the uni emirat arab and gas sector (oil is currently still being traded not in AED, but in USD). On the contrary, it will become more and more important for the Government to have monetary policy at its free disposal to target inflation, uni emirat arab too heavy reliance on taxes, and avoid situations where decisions on exchange rates and interest rates contradict fiscal policy measures – as has been the case in recent years, where monetary policy has uni emirat arab fiscal policy effects on economic expansion.

[310] According to Fitch Ratings, the decline in property sector follows risks of progressively worsening the quality of assets in possession with UAE banks, leading the economy to rougher times ahead.

Even though as compared to retail and property, UAE banks fared well. The higher US interest rates followed since 2016 – which the UAE currency complies to – have boosted profitability. However, the likelihood of plunging interest rates and increasing provisioning costs on bad loans, point to difficult times ahead for the economy. [316] Dubai Marina Skyline Since 2015, economic growth has been more mixed due to a number of factors impacting both demand and supply.

In 2017 and 2018 growth has been positive but on a low level of 0.8 and 1.4%, respectively. To support the economy the Government is currently following an expansionary fiscal policy. However, the effects of this policy are partially offset by monetary policy, which has been contractionary. If not for the fiscal stimulus uni emirat arab 2018, the UAE economy would probably have contracted in that year.

One of the factors responsible for uni emirat arab growth has been a credit crunch, which is due to, among other factors, higher interest rates. Government debt has remained on a low level, despite high deficits in a few recent years. Risks related to government debt remain low. Inflation has been picking up in 2017 and 18. Contributing factors were the introduction of a value added tax (VAT) of 5% in 2018 as well as higher commodity prices.

Despite the Government's expansionary fiscal policy and a growing economy in 2018 and at the beginning of 2019, prices have been dropping uni emirat arab late 2018 and 2019 owing to oversupply in some sectors of importance to consumer prices.

[310] The UAE has an attractive tax system for companies and wealthy individuals, making it a preferred destination for companies seeking tax avoidance. The NGO Tax Justice Network places them in 2021 in the group of the ten largest tax havens. [317] Oil and gas [ edit ] Ruwais Refinery is the fourth-largest single-site oil refinery in the world and the biggest in the Middle East. The UAE leadership has driven forward economic diversification efforts already before the oil price crash in the 1980s, and the UAE is nowadays the most diversified economy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.

Although the oil and gas sector does still play an important role in the UAE economy, these efforts have paid off in terms of great resilience during periods of oil price fluctuations and economic turbulence. In 2018, the oil and gas sector contributed 26% to overall GDP. The introduction of the VAT has provided the Government with an additional source of income – approximately 6% of the total revenue in 2018, or 27 billion United Arab Emirates Dirham (AED) – affording uni emirat arab fiscal policy more independence from oil- and gas-related revenue, which constitutes about 36% of the total government revenue.

While the government may still adjust the exact arrangement of the VAT, it is not likely that any new taxes will be introduced in the foreseeable future. Additional taxes would destroy one of the UAE's main enticements for businesses to operate in the country and put a heavy burden on the economy. [310] The UAE emits a lot of carbon dioxide per person compared to other countries.

[318] The Barakah nuclear power plant is the first on the Arabian peninsula and expected to reduce the carbon footprint of the country. uni emirat arab Tourism [ edit ] Dubai Marina Beach Tourism acts as a growth sector for the entire UAE economy. Dubai is the top tourism destination in the Middle East. [256] According to the annual MasterCard Global Destination Cities Index, Dubai is the fifth most popular tourism destination in the world.

[320] Dubai holds up to 66% share of the UAE's tourism economy, with Abu Dhabi having 16% and Sharjah 10%. Dubai welcomed 10 million tourists in 2013. The UAE has the most advanced and developed infrastructure in the region. [321] Since the 1980s, the UAE has been spending billions of dollars on infrastructure. These developments are particularly evident in the larger emirates of Abu Dhabi and Dubai. The northern emirates are rapidly following suit, providing major incentives for developers of residential and commercial property.

[322] [323] The inbound tourism expenditure in the UAE for 2019 accounted for 118.6 percent share of the outbound uni emirat arab expenditure. [323] Since January 6, 2020, tourist visas to the United Arab Emirates are valid for five years. [324] It has been projected that the travel and tourism industry will contribute about 280.6 billion United Arab Emirati dirham to the UAE's GDP by 2028.

[323] Transport [ edit ] E 311, one of major roads in the UAE. Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain, and Ras Al Khaimah are connected by the E11 highway, which is the longest road in the UAE.

In Dubai, in addition to the Dubai Metro, The Dubai Tram and Palm Jumeirah Monorail also connect specific parts of the city. There is also a bus, taxi, abra and water taxi network run by RTA. T1, a double-decker tram system in Downtown Dubai, were operational from 2015 to 2019. Salik, meaning "open" or "clear", is Dubai's electronic toll collection system that was launched in July 2007 and is part of Dubai's traffic congestion management system.

Each time one passes through a Salik tolling point, a toll is deducted from the drivers' prepaid toll account using advanced Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology. There are four Salik tolling points placed in strategic locations in Dubai: at Al Maktoum Bridge, Al Garhoud Bridge, and along Sheikh Zayed Road at Al Safa and Al Barsha.

[326] Eligibility to drive [ edit ] Individual customers, citizens and residents, who are above the legal age and medically fit, are eligible to get a driving learning permit and apply for a new driving licence. The minimum age requirement to obtain a driving licence depends on the vehicle, for which you are obtaining the licence.

The minimum age requirement is as follows: [327] • 17 years for motorcycles and for vehicles for people with special needs • 18 years for cars and light vehicles • 20 years for heavy vehicles and tractors • 21 years for buses. Rail [ edit ] A Dubai Metro train. Dubai Metro is the Arabian peninsula's uni emirat arab rapid transit system and was the world's longest driverless metro network until 2016. A 1,200 km (750 mi) country-wide railway is under construction which will connect all the major cities and ports.

[328] The Dubai Metro is the first urban train network in the Arabian Peninsula. [329] Sea [ edit ] The major ports of the United Arab Emirates are Khalifa Port, Zayed Port, Port Jebel Ali, Port Rashid, Port Khalid, Port Saeed, and Port Khor Fakkan. [330] The Emirates are increasingly developing their logistics and ports in order to participate in trade between Europe and China or Africa. For this purpose, ports are being rapidly expanded and investments are being made in their technology.

The Emirates have historically been and currently still are part of the Maritime Silk Road that runs from the Chinese coast to the south via the southern tip of India to Mombasa, from there through the Red Sea via the Suez Canal to the Mediterranean, there to the Upper Adriatic region and the northern Italian hub of Trieste with its rail connections to Central Europe, Eastern Europe and the North Sea.

[331] [332] Telecommunications [ edit ] The Uni emirat arab is served by two telecommunications operators, Etisalat and Emirates Integrated Telecommunications Company ("du"). Etisalat operated a monopoly until du launched mobile services in February 2007. [333] Internet subscribers were expected to increase from 0.904 million in 2007 to 2.66 million in 2012.

[334] The regulator, the Telecommunications Regulatory Authority, mandates filtering websites for religious, political and sexual content. [335] 5G wireless services were installed nationwide in 2019 through a partnership with Huawei. [336] Culture [ edit ] An Emirati folk dance, the women flip their hair sideways in brightly coloured traditional dress. Emirati culture is based on Arabian culture and has been influenced by the cultures of Persia, India, and East Africa.

[337] Arabian and Arabian inspired architecture is part of the expression of the local Emirati identity. [338] Arabian influence on Emirati culture is noticeably visible in traditional Emirati architecture and folk arts.

[337] For example, the distinctive wind tower which tops traditional Emirati buildings, the barjeel uni emirat arab become an identifying mark of Emirati architecture and is attributed to Arabian influence. [337] This influence is derived both from traders who fled the tax regime in Persia in the early 19th century and from Emirati ownership of ports on the Arabian coast, for instance the Al Qassimi port of Lingeh.

[339] A band performs Yowlah in an Emirati wedding. Yowlah is a cultural dance derived from Arab tribes sword battles. The United Arab Emirates has a diverse society. [340] Dubai's economy depends more on international trade and tourism, and is more open to visitors, while Abu Dhabi society is more domestic as the city's economy is focused on fossil fuel extraction. [341] Major holidays in the United Arab Emirates include Eid al Fitr, which marks the end of Ramadan, and National Day (2 December), which marks the formation of the United Arab Emirates.

[342] Emirati males prefer to wear a kandura, an ankle-length white tunic woven from wool or cotton, and Emirati women wear an abaya, a black over-garment that covers most parts of the body. [343] Ancient Emirati poetry was strongly influenced by the eighth-century Arab scholar Al Khalil bin Ahmed. The earliest known poet in the UAE is Ibn Majid, born between 1432 and 1437 in Ras Al-Khaimah. The most famous Emirati writers were Mubarak Uni emirat arab Oqaili (1880–1954), Salem bin Ali al Owais (1887–1959) and Ahmed bin Sulayem (1905–1976).

Three other poets from Sharjah, known as the Hirah group, are observed to have been heavily influenced by the Apollo and Romantic poets. [344] The Sharjah International Book Fair is the oldest and largest in the country. The list of museums in the United Arab Emirates includes some of regional repute, most famously Sharjah with its Heritage District containing 17 museums, [345] which in 1998 was the Cultural Capital of the Arab World.

[346] In Dubai, the area of Al Quoz has attracted a number of art galleries as well as museums such as the Salsali Private Museum. [347] Abu Dhabi has established a culture district on Saadiyat Island. Six grand projects are planned, including the Guggenheim Abu Dhabi and the Louvre Abu Dhabi.

[348] Dubai also plans to build a Kunsthal museum and a district for galleries and artists. [349] Emirati culture is a part of the culture of Eastern Arabia. Liwa is a type of music and dance performed locally, mainly in communities that contain descendants of Bantu peoples from the African Great Lakes region. [344] The Dubai Desert Rock Festival is also another major festival consisting of heavy metal and rock artists.

[350] The cinema of the United Arab Emirates is minimal but expanding. Cuisine uni emirat arab edit ] Arabic coffee with Lugaimat; a traditional Emirati sweet. The traditional food of the Emirates has always been rice, fish and meat.

The people uni emirat arab the United Arab Emirates have adopted most of their foods from other West and South Asian countries including Iran, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, India and Oman. Seafood has been the mainstay of the Emirati diet for centuries.

Meat and rice are other staple foods, with lamb and mutton preferred to goat and beef. Popular beverages are coffee and tea, which can be complemented with cardamom, saffron, or mint to give them a distinctive flavour.

[351] Popular cultural Emirati dishes include threed, machboos, khubisa, khameer uni emirat arab chabab bread among others while Lugaimat is uni emirat arab famous Emirati dessert. [352] With the influence of western culture, fast food has become very popular among young people, to the extent that campaigns have been held to highlight the dangers of fast food excesses. [353] Alcohol is allowed to be served only in hotel restaurants and bars.

All nightclubs are permitted to sell alcohol. Specific supermarkets may sell alcohol, but these products are sold in separate sections. Likewise, pork, which is haram (not permitted for Muslims), is sold in separate sections in all major supermarkets. Note that although alcohol may be consumed, it is illegal to be intoxicated in public or drive a motor vehicle with any trace of alcohol in the blood.

[354] Sports [ edit ] Yas Marina Circuit in Abu Dhabi Formula One is particularly popular in the United Arab Emirates, and a Grand Prix is annually held at the Yas Marina Circuit in Yas Island in Abu Dhabi. The race takes place in the evening, and was the first ever Grand Prix to start in daylight and finish at night. [355] Other popular sports include camel racing, falconry, endurance riding, and tennis. [356] The emirate of Dubai is also home to two major golf courses: the Dubai Golf Club uni emirat arab Emirates Golf Club.

In the past, child camel jockeys were used, leading to widespread criticism. Eventually, the UAE passed laws banning the use of children for the sport, leading to the prompt removal of almost all child jockeys.

[357] Recently robot jockeys have been uni emirat arab to overcome the problem of child camel jockeys which was an issue of human rights violations. Ansar Burney is often praised for the work he has done in this area. [358] Football [ edit ] Zayed Sports City Stadium in Abu Dhabi.

Football is a popular sport in the UAE. Al Nasr, Al Ain, Al Wasl, Sharjah, Al Wahda, and Shabab Al Ahli are the most popular teams and enjoy the reputation of long-time regional champions. [359] The Uni emirat arab Arab Emirates Football Association was established in 1971 and since then has dedicated its time and effort to promoting the game, organising youth programmes and improving the abilities of not only its uni emirat arab, but also the officials and coaches involved with its regional teams.

The UAE qualified for the FIFA World Cup in 1990, along with Egypt. It was the third consecutive World Cup with two Arab nations qualifying, after Kuwait and Algeria in 1982, and Iraq and Algeria again in 1986. The UAE has won the Gulf Cup Championship twice: the first cup won in January 2007 held in Abu Dhabi and the second in January 2013, held in Bahrain. [360] The country hosted the 2019 AFC Asian Cup. The UAE team went all the way to the semi-finals, where they were defeated by the eventual champions, Qatar.

Cricket [ edit ] Sheikh Zayed Cricket Stadium in Abu Dhabi Cricket is one of the most popular sports in the UAE, largely because of the expatriate population from the SAARC countries, the United Kingdom, and Australia. The headquarters of the International Cricket Council (ICC) have been located in the Dubai Sports City complex since 2005, including the ICC Academy which was established in 2009.

[361] There are a number of international cricket venues in the UAE, which are frequently used for international tournaments and "neutral" bilateral series due to the local climate and Dubai's status as a transport hub. Notable international tournaments hosted by the UAE have included the 2014 Under-19 Cricket World Cup, the 2021 ICC Men's T20 World Cup, and three editions of the Asia Cup ( 1984, 1995 and 2018).

Notable grounds include the Sharjah Cricket Association Stadium in Sharjah, [362] Sheikh Zayed Cricket Stadium in Abu Dhabi, and Dubai International Cricket Stadium in Dubai. [363] The Emirates Cricket Board (ECB) became a member of the ICC in 1990. The UAE national cricket team has qualified for the Cricket World Cup on two occasions ( 1996 and 2015) [364] [365] and the ICC Men's T20 World Cup on one occasion ( 2014).

The national women's team is similarly one of the strongest associate teams in Asia, notably participating in the 2018 ICC Women's World Twenty20 Qualifier. Following the 2009 attack on the Sri Lanka national cricket team, the UAE served as the de facto home of the Pakistan national cricket team for nearly a decade, as well as hosting the Pakistan Super League.

[366] [367] The UAE has also hosted one full edition of Indian Premier League (IPL) in 2020 and two partial editions of the Indian Premier League (IPL) in 2014 and 2021. [368] Education [ edit ] Abu Dhabi University The education system through secondary level is monitored by the Ministry of Education in all emirates except Abu Dhabi, where it uni emirat arab under the authority of the Abu Dhabi Education Council.

It consists uni emirat arab primary schools, middle schools uni emirat arab high schools. The public schools are government-funded and the curriculum is created to match the United Arab Emirates' development goals. The medium of instruction in the public school is Arabic with emphasis on English as a second language. There are also many private schools which are internationally accredited. Public schools in the country are free for citizens of the UAE, while the fees for private schools vary.

The higher education system is monitored by the Ministry of Higher Education. The ministry also is responsible for admitting students to its undergraduate uni emirat arab. [369] The adult literacy rate in 2015 was 93.8%. [370] The UAE has shown a strong interest in improving education and research.

Enterprises include the establishment of the CERT Research Centres and uni emirat arab Masdar Institute of Science and Technology and Institute for Enterprise Development. [371] According to the QS Rankings, the top-ranking universities in the country are the United Arab Emirates University (421–430th worldwide), Khalifa University [372] (441–450th worldwide), the American University of Sharjah (431–440th) and University of Sharjah (551–600th worldwide).

[373] United Arab Emirates was ranked 33rd in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, up from 36th in 2019. [374] [375] [376] [377] Demographics [ edit ] Residential villas in the Palm Jumeirah palm fronds in Dubai. According to an estimate by the World Bank, the UAE's population in 2020 was 9,890,400. Immigrants accounted for 88.52% while Emiratis made up the remaining 11.48%.

[378] This unique imbalance is due to the country's exceptionally high net migration rate of 21.71, the world's highest. [379] UAE citizenship is very difficult to obtain other than by filiation and only granted under very special circumstances.

[380] The UAE is ethnically diverse. The five most populous nationalities in the emirates of Dubai, Sharjah, and Ajman are Indian (25%), Pakistani (12%), Emirati (9%), Bangladeshi (7%), and Filipino (5%).

[381] Immigrants from Europe, Australia, Northern America and Latin America make up 500,000 of the population. [382] [383] More than 100,000 British nationals live in the country.

[384] The rest of the population are from other Arab states. [5] [385] About 88% of the population of the United Arab Emirates is urban. [386] The average life expectancy was 76.7 in 2012, higher than for any other Arab country. [387] [388] With a male/female sex ratio of 2.2 males for each female in the total population and 2.75 to 1 for the 15–65 age group, the UAE's gender imbalance is second highest in the world after Qatar.

[389] Religion [ edit ] Sheikh Zayed Mosque in Abu Dhabi. Islam is the largest and the official state religion of the UAE. The government follows a policy of tolerance toward other religions and rarely interferes in the religious activities of non-Muslims. [390] There are more Sunni than Shia Muslims in the United Arab Emirates, [391] and 85% of the Emirati population are Sunni Muslims. The vast majority of the remainder 15% are Shia Muslims, who are concentrated in the Emirates of Dubai and Sharjah.

Although no official statistics are available for the breakdown between Sunni and Shia Muslims among noncitizen residents, media estimates suggest less than 20% of the noncitizen Muslim population are Shia. [392] Sheikh Zayed Mosque in Abu Dhabi is the largest mosque in the country and a major tourist attraction. Ibadi is common among Omanis in the UAE, while Sufi influences exist as well.

[393] Roman Catholics and Protestants form significant proportions of the Christian minority. The country has at least 45 churches. [394] Many Christians in the United Arab Emirates are of Asian, African, and European origin, uni emirat arab with fellow Middle Eastern countries such as Lebanon, Syria, and Egypt. [395] The United Arab Emirates forms part of the Apostolic Vicariate of Southern Arabia and the Vicar Apostolic Bishop Paul Hinder is based in Abu Dhabi.

[396] There is a small Jewish community in the United Arab Emirates. There is only one known synagogue, in Dubai, which has been open since 2008. The synagogue also welcomes visitors. [397] As of 2019, according to Rabbi Marc Schneier of the Foundation for Ethnic Understanding, it is estimated that there are about 150 families to 3,000 Jews who live and worship freely in the UAE.

[398] 1% South Asians in the United Arab Emirates constitute the largest ethnic group in the country. [401] Over 2 million Indian migrants (mostly from the southern states of Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Coastal Karnataka and Tamil Nadu) are estimated to be living in the UAE. [402] There is currently only one Hindu temple in the UAE in Dubai, the Hindu Temple, Dubai (referred to locally as Shiva and Krishna Mandir) located in Dubai.

Another temple, the BAPS Hindu Mandir Abu Dhabi is a Hindu temple that is being built by the BAPS Swaminarayan Sansthan in Abu Dhabi. Other religions also exist in the United Arab Emirates, including Sikhism, Buddhism, Judaism, Baháʼís and Druze. [230] The UAE Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Co-operation, Abdullah bin Zayed, announced in 2019 the design and construction plan of the Abrahamic Family House, which will serve as an interfaith complex that houses a synagogue, mosque, and a church on Saadiyat Island in Abu Dhabi.

[403] Languages [ edit ] Arabic is the national language of the United Arab Emirates. The Gulf dialect of Arabic is spoken natively by Emirati people. [404] The area was occupied by the British until 1971 and, with many expatriates resident, English is the primary lingua franca in the UAE.

Consequently, a knowledge of English is a requirement when applying for most local jobs. Health [ edit ] Main article: Health in the United Arab Emirates The life Expectancy at birth in the UAE is at 76.96 years. [405] Cardiovascular disease is the principal cause of death in the UAE, constituting 28% of total deaths; other major causes are accidents and injuries, malignancies, and congenital anomalies. [406] According to World Health Organisation data from 2016, 34.5% of adults in the UAE are clinically obese, with a body mass index (BMI) score of 30 or more.

[407] In February 2008, uni emirat arab Ministry of Health unveiled a five-year health strategy for the public health sector in the northern emirates, which fall under its purview and which, unlike Abu Dhabi and Dubai, do not have separate healthcare authorities. The strategy focuses on unifying healthcare policy and improving access to healthcare services at reasonable cost, at the same time reducing dependence on overseas treatment. The ministry plans to add three hospitals to the current 14, and 29 primary healthcare centres to the current 86.

Nine were scheduled to open in 2008. [408] The introduction of mandatory health insurance in Abu Dhabi for expatriates and their dependents was a major driver in reform of healthcare policy.

Abu Dhabi nationals were brought under the scheme from 1 June 2008 and Dubai followed for its government employees. Eventually, under federal law, every Emirati and expatriate in the country will be covered by compulsory health insurance under a unified mandatory scheme.

[409] The country has benefited from medical tourists from all over the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf. The UAE attracts medical tourists seeking cosmetic surgery and advanced procedures, cardiac and spinal surgery, and dental treatment, as health services have higher standards than other Arab countries in the Persian Gulf.

[410] Largest cities [ edit ] 2021 Calculation Rank Name Emirate Pop. Dubai Abu Dhabi 1 Dubai Dubai 3,386,941 Sharjah Al Ain 2 Abu Dhabi Abu Dhabi 1,807,000 3 Sharjah Sharjah 1,274,749 4 Al Ain Abu Dhabi 766,936 5 Ajman Ajman 490,035 6 Ras Al Khaimah Ras al Khaimah 115,949 7 Fujairah Fujairah 97,226 8 Umm Al Quwain Umm Al Quwain 61,700 9 Dibba Al-Fujairah Fujairah 41,017 10 Khor Fakkan Sharjah 39,151 See also [ edit ] • ^ "Fact sheet".

United Arab Emirates. U.ae. Retrieved 31 August 2020. • ^ "A mandatory requirement for an English translation under Abu Dhabi Courts". STA Law Firm. Retrieved 26 February 2022. • ^ "UAE Population and Demographics". Dubia Online. 2020. • ^ GMI Blogger. "United Arab Emirates Population Statistics uni emirat arab. Global Media Insight - Dubai Digital Interactive Uni emirat arab.

[ better source needed] • ^ a b "United Arab Emirates". CIA World Factbook. • ^ Stewart, Dona J. (2013). The Middle East Today: Political, Geographical and Cultural Perspectives.

London and New York: Routledge. p. 155. ISBN 978-0415782432. • ^ Day, Alan John (1996). Political Parties of The World. Stockton. p. 599. ISBN 1561591440. • ^ "United Arab Emirates Constitution". UAE Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 10 October 2018. • ^ "United Arab Emirates Population (2020)". u.ae. • ^ a b c d "United Arab Emirates". International Monetary Fund. • ^ "GINI index uni emirat arab Bank estimate) – United Arab Emirates". data.worldbank.org.

World Bank. Retrieved 30 March 2020. • ^ "Human Development Report 2020" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. Retrieved 15 December 2020. • ^ "The Federal Boundaries of the United Arab Emirates" (PDF).

• ^ "United Arab Emirates's Constitution of 1971 with Uni emirat arab through 2004" (PDF). ConstituteProject.org. Retrieved 29 October 2017. • ^ Habboush, Mahmoud. (10 October 2013) Call to naturalise some expats stirs anxiety in the UAE. Uk.reuters.com. Retrieved 10 October 2015 • ^ "Labor Migration in the United Arab Emirates: Challenges and Responses".

migrationpolicy.org. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2016. • ^ "United Arab Emirates country profile".

BBC News. 28 September 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016. • ^ "United Arab Emirates Population (2022)". www.worldometers.info. • ^ "Production of Crude Oil uni emirat arab Lease Condensate 2016" (CVS download). U.S. Energy Information Administration. Retrieved 27 May 2017. • ^ U.S. Energy Information Administration, International Energy Statistics, accessed 17 January 2019. • ^ a b "United Arab Emirates profile". BBC News. 14 November 2012. • ^ "IMF Data Mapper". Imf.org. Retrieved 12 February 2016.

• ^ Augustine, Babu Das (1 January 2018). "New era in UAE as VAT uni emirat arab effect". GulfNews. Retrieved 12 July 2018. • ^ "United Arab Emirates Archives".

Amnesty International. Retrieved 3 April 2022. • ^ a b c "2013 Human Rights Reports: United Arab Emirates". US Department of State. Sharia (Islamic law) courts, which adjudicate criminal and family law, have the option of imposing flogging as punishment for adultery, prostitution, consensual premarital sex, pregnancy outside marriage, defamation of character, and drug or alcohol abuse.

• ^ thedigitalphilatelist (8 January 2021). "United Arab Emirates". The Digital Philatelist. Retrieved 8 July 2021.

• ^ Heard-Bey, Frauke (2004). From Trucial States to United Arab Emirates. Motivate. p. 370. ISBN 978-1860631672. • ^ Pennington, Roberta (5 February 2014).

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(1994). ‘English on Khalifa Street’. The Journal of the College of Education. UAE University uni emirat arab, 25–51.

• Bianco, C. (2020a). The GCC monarchies: Perceptions of the Iranian threat amid shifting geopolitics. The International Spectator, 55(2), 92–107. • Bianco, C. (2020b). A Gulf apart: How Europe can gain influence with the Gulf Cooperation Council. European Council on Foreign Relations, February 2020. Available at https://ecfr.eu/archive/page/-/a_gulf_apart_how_europe_can_gain_influence_with_gulf_cooperation_council.pdf.

• Bianco, Uni emirat arab. (2021). Can Europe Choreograph a Saudi-Iranian Détente? European University Institute, Robert Schuman Center for Advanced Studies, Middle East Directions. Available at: https://cadmus.eui.eu/bitstream/handle/1814/70351/PB_2021_10-MED.pdf?sequence=1. • Bianco, C., & Stansfield, G. (2018). The intra-GCC crises: Mapping GCC fragmentation after 2011. International Affairs, 94(3), 613–635. • Miniaoui, Héla, ed. Economic Development in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries: From Rentier States to Diversified Economies.

Vol. 1. Springer Nature, 2020. • Guzansky, Uni emirat arab, & Even, S. (2020). The economic crisis in the Gulf States: A challenge to the “contract” between rulers and ruled. INSS Insight No. 1327, June 1, 2020. Available at https://www.INSS.org.il/publication/gulf-states-economy/?offset=7&posts=201&outher=Yoel%20Guzansky. • Guzansky, Y., & Marshall, Z. A. (2020). The Abraham accords: Immediate significance and long-term implications.

Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs, 1–11. • Guzansky, Y., & Segal, E. (2020). All in the family: Leadership changes in the Gulf. INSS Insight No. 1378, August 30, 2020. Available at: https://www.INSS.org.il/publication/gulf-royal-families/?offset=1&posts=201&outher=Yoel%20Guzansky • Guzansky, Y., & Winter, O.

(2020). Apolitical Normalization: A New Approach to Jews in Arab States. INSS Uni emirat arab No. 1332, June 8, 2020. Available at: https://www.INSS.org.il/publication/judaism-in-the-arab-world/?offset=5&posts=201&outher=Yoel%20Guzansky. • Swan, M. (26 April 2012). "Arabic school aims to boost the popularity of the language". The National, p. 6. • Tausch, Arno; Heshmati, Almas; Karoui, Hichem (2015). The political algebra of global value change. General models and implications for the Muslim world (1st ed.).

New York: Nova Science. ISBN 978-1-62948-899-8. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/290349218_The_political_algebra_of_global_value_change_General_models_and_implications_for_the_Muslim_world • Tausch, Arno (2021). The Future of the Gulf Region: Value Change and Global Cycles. Gulf Studies, Volume 2, edited by Prof. Mizanur Rahman, Qatar University (1st ed.). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. ISBN 978-3-030-78298-6.

• "Towards A Foreign Language, Teaching Policy for the Arab World: U.A.E Perspective." United Arab Emirates University (1996). • Woertz, Eckart. "Wither the self-sufficiency illusion? Food security in Arab Gulf States and the impact of COVID-19." Food Security 12.4 (2020): 757-760. • Zweiri, Mahjoob, Md Mizanur Rahman, and Arwa Kamal, eds.

The 2017 Gulf Crisis: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Vol. 3. Springer Nature, 2020. External links [ edit ] United Arab Emiratesat Wikipedia's sister projects • Definitions from Wiktionary • Media from Commons • News from Wikinews • Quotations from Wikiquote • Texts from Wikisource • Textbooks from Wikibooks • Travel guides from Wikivoyage • Resources from Wikiversity • Government portal of the United Arab Emirates Archived 24 February 2020 at the Wayback Machine, ( U.AE) • The World Government Summit – UAE • The 2020 World Exposition in UAE • United Arab Emirates.

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• Luas pasti negara ini masih belum diketahui uni emirat arab negara ini juga memiliki klaim terhadap sejumlah pulau di Teluk Persia yang masih dalam sengketa, dimana informasi mengenai luas pulau-pulau tersebut belum tersedia. Selain itu, negara ini juga tidak memiliki batas wilayah daratan yang jelas, khususnya batas wilayahnya dengan Arab Saudi.

• lihat • uni emirat arab • sunting Uni Emirat Arab ( UEA; bahasa Arab: الإمارات العربية المتحدة‎ al-ʾImārāt al-ʿArabīyah al-Muttaḥidah) adalah sebuah negara di Asia Barat.

Negara ini terletak di sebelah timur Jazirah Arab dan berbatasan dengan Oman dan Arab Saudi, dan memiliki perbatasan maritim di Teluk Persia dengan Qatar and Iran. Abu Dhabi adalah ibu kota negara ini, sementara Dubai menjadi kota yang paling padat. Uni Emirat Arab adalah sebuah Monarki terpilih yang terbentuk atas federasi dari tujuh emirat, yaitu Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah dan Umm al-Qaiwain.

[6] Setiap keamiran diperintah oleh seorang Syekh dan bersama-sama, membentuk Dewan Federal Tertinggi; salah satu dari syekh tersebut bertugas sebagai Presiden Uni Arab Emirat. [7] Pada 2013, negara ini memiliki populasi 9.2 juta,1.4 juta dari antaranya adalah penduduk asli dan 7.8 juta adalah ekspatriat. [8] [9] [10] Sampai 2020, Uni Arab Emirat diperkirakan memiliki penduduk sebesar 9.9 juta. [11] Islam adalah agama resmi sedangkan bahasa Arab menjadi bahasa resmi.

Cadangan minyak dan gas alam Uni Emirat Arab, masing-masing adalah yang terbesar keenam dan ketujuh di dunia. [12] [13] Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, penguasa Abu Dhabi dan presiden pertama negara itu, mengawasi perkembangan Uni Emirat dengan menginvestasikan pendapatan minyak ke dalam perawatan kesehatan, pendidikan, dan infrastruktur. [10] Pada abad ke-21, negara ini menjadi kurang bergantung pada minyak dan gas, dan secara ekonomi berfokus pada pariwisata dan bisnis.

Pemerintah tidak memungut pajak penghasilan, meskipun ada pajak perusahaan dan pajak pertambahan nilai 5% ditetapkan pada tahun 2018.

[14] Artikel utama: Sejarah Uni Emirat Arab Negara-negara bagian (lebih dikenal sebagai emirat) di sepanjang pesisir pantai Teluk Persia memberikan hak pertahanan dan urusan luar kepada Kerajaan Britania Raya pada abad kesembilan belas.

Pada tahun 1971, enam dari negara-negara bagian ini - Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai, dan Umm al-Qaiwain-bergabung untuk mendirikan Uni Emirat Arab.

Pada tahun 1972, Ras al-Khaimah menyertai mereka. Asal [ sunting - sunting sumber ] Permukiman manusia yang paling awal dikenal di UEA uni emirat arab dari periode Neolitik, 5500 SM. Pada tahap awal, ada bukti interaksi dengan dunia luar, terutama dengan peradaban di utara di Persia. Kontak ini bertahan dan menjadi luas, mungkin didorong oleh perdagangan di tembaga dari Pegunungan Hajar, yang dimulai sekitar 3000 SM. Perdagangan mulai berkembang pesat karena difasilitasi oleh domestikasi dari unta pada akhir milenium kedua SM.

Dengan lalu lintas darat AD kafilah abad pertama antara Suriah dan kota-kota di Irak selatan dimulai. Juga, ada perjalanan yang berlayar di laut ke pelabuhan penting Omana (mungkin saat ini Umm al-Qaiwain) dan kemudian ke India. Rute ini adalah sebuah alternatif untuk rute Laut Merah yang digunakan oleh Roma. Mutiara yang telah dieksploitasi di daerah selama ribuan tahun namun saat ini perdagangan mencapai ketinggian baru. Pelayaran juga merupakan andalan dan juga diselenggarakan Pameran besar di Dibba, yang mendatangkan pengunjung sampai ke Tiongkok.

Geografi [ sunting uni emirat arab sunting sumber ] Uni Emirat Arab terletak di barat daya Asia dan dikelilingi Teluk Oman dan Teluk Persia di antara Oman dan Arab Saudi. Ia adalah sebuah negara yang mempunyai dataran yang kering kerontang dan mempunyai padang pasir yang luas dengan gunung-gunung disebelah timur. Kedudukan strategisnya menjadikannya tempat persinggahan ekspor dan impor minyak dunia. Perjanjian perbatasan di antara Uni Emirat Arab dan Arab Saudi pada tahun 1974 dan 1977 tidak pernah disebarkan kepada umum.

Oleh itu perbatasan yang tepat untuk kedua negara hanya diketahui oleh pemerintahan masing-masing.

uni emirat arab

Politik [ sunting - sunting sumber ] Artikel utama: Politik Uni Emirat Arab Majelis Tertinggi memuat pemerintah-pemerintah dari tujuh negara bagian. Jabatan Presiden dan Wakil Presiden dilantik oleh Majelis Tertinggi setiap lima tahun. Majelis Tertinggi juga melantik barisan kabinet sementara Majelis Federasi Kebangsaan yang mempunyai anggota sebanyak 40 orang dari ketujuh negara bagian meneliti dan membincangkan undang-undang yang dicadangkan.

Terdapat satu sistem mahkamah persekutuan; semua negara bagian kecuali Dubai dan Ras al-Khaimah telah menyertai sistem persekutuan ini; semua negeri mempunyai undang-undang sekuler dan Islam untuk kasus-kasus sipil, kejahatan, dan mahkamah tinggi.

Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan merupakan Presiden kesatuan ini sejak pendirian negara ini sampai hari kematiannya pada 2 November 2004. Anak lelakinya, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahayan dilantik menjadi presiden keesokkan harinya.

Pembagian administratif [ sunting - sunting sumber ] Artikel utama: Ekonomi Uni Emirat Arab Ekonomi Uni Emirat Arab adalah yang kedua terbesar di dunia Arab (setelah Arab Saudi), dengan pendapatan domestik bruto (PDB) $570 miliar ( AED2,1 triliun) pada 2014. Uni Emirat Arab telah berhasil mendiversfisikasikan ekonominya.

[15] Meskipun UEA memiliki ekonomi yang paling terdiversifikasi di antara negara-negara Teluk, ekonomi UEA tetap sangat menandalkan minyak. Kecuali Dubai, kebanyakan Negara UEA tergantung dari pendapatan yang berasal dari minyak. Petroleum dan gas alam tetap memainkan peranan utama dalam ekonomi, khususnya di Abu Dhabi. Lebih dari 85% dari ekonomi UEA didasarkan pada ekspor minyak 2009. [16] [17] Sementara Abu Dhabi dan emirat-emirat UEA lainnya tetap konservatif dalam pendekatan mereka terhadap diversifikasi, Dubai, yang mempunyai cadangan minyak yang jauh lebih sedikit, lebih berani dalam kebijakan diversifikasinya.

[18] Pada 2011, ekspor minyak merupakan 77% dari seluruh anggaran negara UEA. [19] Dubai mengalami krisis ekonomi yang hebat pada 2007-2010 uni emirat arab ditebus oleh kekayaan minyak Abu Dhabi. Kemakmuran Dubai saat ini terutama disebabkan oleh petrodollar Abu Dhabi.

[20] Dubai saat ini terlilit utang yang sangat besar. [21] Pariwisata adalah salah satu sumber penghasilan utama di UEA, dengan adanya sejumlah hotel yang paling mewah di dunia di UEA. Sebuah ledakan pembangunan besar-besaran, basis manufaktur yang berkembang, dan sektor jasa yang berkembang pesat menolong diversifikasi ekonomi UEA.

Di seluruh wilayah ini, saat ini terdapat proyek-proyek konstruksi yang aktif bernilai $350 miliar. [22] UEA adalah anggota World Trade Organization dan OPEC.

Kekayaan Uni Emirat Arab berdasarkan pengeluaran minyak dan gas yaitu 33% dari GDP negara itu. Emirat Arab adalah negara penghasil minyak ketiga terbesar di kawasan teluk setelah Arab Saudi dan Iran. Sejak 1973, Uni Emirat Arab telah mengalami perubahan dari negara kecil yang terletak di gurun menjadi negara modern dengan taraf kehidupan yang tinggi.

Demografi [ sunting - sunting sumber ] Uni Emirat Arab berpenduduk sebanyak 9,3 juta jiwa dan uni emirat arab warganegara asli UEA sangat sedikit jauh melebihi pendatang dengan angka mencapai 85%, yang kebanyakan datang dari Asia Selatan. Kebanyakan masyarakat pribumi datang dari keturunan Persia. Tingkat pertumbuhan penduduknya rendah uni emirat arab negara-negara tetangganya. Sekitar 80% penduduknya bisa membaca dan menulis.

Mayoritas penduduknya adalah muslim yang taat. Artikel utama: Demografi Uni Emirat Arab Populasi historis Tahun Jumlah Pend. ±% p.a. 1963 95 — 1968 180,226 +13.66% 1975 557,887 +17.52% 1980 1,042,099 — 1985 1,379,303 — 1995 2,411,041 — 1999 2,938,000 — 2005 4,106,427 — 2010 8,264,070 — 2011 8,925,096 — 2012 9,205,651 — 2013 9,346,129 [25] — Sources: [23] [24] Palm Jumeirah Demografi di UEA sangat beragam.

Tahun 2010, penduduk UEA diperkirakan mencapai 8,264,070, [23] tetapi hanya 13% saja yang benar-benar berkebangsaan UEA atau Emirat, [26] sedangkan mayoritasnya merupakan penduduk ekspatriat atau pendatang dari negara lain. [27] Tingkat migrasi UEA ada di angka 21.71, merupakan salah satu yang tertinggi di dunia.

[28] Dibawah hukum pemerintahan pusat UEA no. 17, seorang ekspatriate dapat mengajukan diri untuk menjadi warganegara UEA setelah tinggal menetap selama 20 tahun, dengan catatan tidak pernah terlibat dalam tindak kriminal dan harus fasih dalam bahasa Arab.

[29] Bagaimanapun juga, untuk menjadi warganegara disana tidak didapatkan dengan mudah, sehingga banyak orang yang tinggal di UEA hidup tanpa punya status warganegara (dijuluki Bidun).

[ butuh rujukan] Tahun 2016, jumlah orang emirat sekitar 12%. Disana terdapat 1.4 juta jiwa warga Emirat. [30] Berdasarkan etnik, warga UEA sangatlah beragam. Berdasarkan laporan CIA, 19% merupakan orang Emirati, 23% merupakan warga Arab lainnya, sepertinya ( Orang Mesir, Orang Yordania) and Iran, 50% lainnya berasal dari Asia Selatan, dan 8% lagi merupakan warga ekspansi negara lain termasuk Orang Barat dan Asia Timur (perkiraan tahun 1982). [16] Tahun 2009, warga Emirati dicatat mencapai 16.5% dari total jumlah penduduk; Dari Asia Selatan (Bangladesh, Uni emirat arab, Sri Lanka and India) merupakan kelompok terbanyak, mencapai 58.4%; Orang Asia lainnya yakni ( Orang Filipina, Iran) [31] sekitar 16.7% sedangkan ekspatriat dari negara barat mencapai 8.4%.

[32] Orang India dan Pakistan berjumlah 37% dari penduduk di tiga Emirat – Dubai, Sharjah, dan Ajman. Dalam catatan statistik tahun 2014 melalui catatan atau data dari Euromonitor International merilis lima daftar negara asal terbanyak di Tiga Emirat, yakni: India (25%), Pakistan (12%), Uni emirat arab (9%), Bangladesh (7%), dan Filipina (5%).

[33] Warga Eropa sangat bertumbuh disana khususnya di kota-kota multietnik seperti Dubai. [34] Ekspariate dunia barat khusunya Eropa, Australia, Amerika Utara dan Amerika Latin mencapai 500,000 jiwa dari populasi UEA.

[32] [35] Lebih dari 100,000 berkebangsaan Inggris tinggal di negara ini. [36] Tempat persinggahan para penduduk ekspansi dari yang bukan berasal dari negara Arab. [16] [37] Sekitar 88% dari penduduk Uni Emirat Arab adalah urban. [38] Rata-rata usia bertahan hidup adalah 76.7 tahun (2012), merupakan yang tertinggi dari semua negara di Arab. [39] [40] Dengan seks rasio Laki-laki/perempuan yakni 2.2 dari total populasi dan seks rasio untuk usia 15–65 adalah 2.75 age group, ketidakseimbangan seks rasio penduduk merupakan ketidakseimbangan gender terbesar kedua di dunia setelah Qatar.

[41] Agama [ sunting - sunting sumber ] 1% Islam adalah yang terbesar dan menjadi agama resmi negara UEA. Pemerintah memberikan wewenang kepada polisi untuk menjaga toleransi dalam beragama dan jarang terlibat dalam uni emirat arab keagamaan Non-Muslim. [44] Hal yang sama juga diterapkan oleh warga Non-Muslim dengan tidak mencampuri urusan keagamaan Islam dalam berbagai hal. Pemerintah memberlakukan larangan menyebarkan agama-agama lain (selain Islam dan Kristen) melalui berbagai bentuk media karena dianggap sebagai bentuk dakwah.

Ada sekitar 35 Gereja di seluruh negeri, satu kuil Hindu di wilayah Bur Dubai, [45] satu Sikh Gurudwara di Jebel Ali dan juga sebuah kuil Buddha di Al Garhoud. Berdasarkan sensus Kementerian Perekonomian pada tahun 2005, 70% dari total populasi adalah Muslim, 21% Kristen, dan 9% lainnya (terutama Hindu).

Angka-angka sensus tidak memperhitungkan banyak pengunjung dan pekerja "sementara" juga menghitung Baha'is dan Druze sebagai Muslim. Di antara warga Muslim Emirat, 85% adalah Sunni, sementara Syiah 15%, sebagian besar terkonsentrasi di emirat Sharjah dan Dubai.

Imigran Oman kebanyakan adalah Ibadi, sementara pengaruh Sufi juga ada. [46] Kota Terbesar [ sunting - sunting sumber ] Kota terbesar di negara ini adalah Dubai Bahasa [ sunting - sunting sumber ] Bahasa Arab adalah bahasa nasional Uni Emirat Arab. Dialek Teluk bahasa Arab dituturkan secara asli oleh orang-orang Emirat.

[47] Karena daerah itu diduduki oleh Inggris hingga 1971, bahasa Inggris adalah bahasa utama di UAE. Dengan demikian, pengetahuan tentang bahasa adalah persyaratan ketika melamar untuk sebagian besar pekerjaan lokal. Bahasa dunia lainnya diwakili oleh populasi ekspatriat yang diambil dari campuran beragam kebangsaan. Budaya [ sunting - sunting sumber ] Artikel utama: Budaya Uni Emirat Arab Uni Emirat Arab mempunyai hubungan yang cukup kuat dengan masyarakat Arab lain di seluruh dunia.

Pemerintah berdedikasi untuk mempertahankan unsur-unsur tradisional dalam kesenian dan kebudayaan termasuk melalui Yayasan Kebudayaan Abu Dhabi. Perubahan dalam kehidupan sosial juga mengalami perubahan dan olahraga-olahraga baru mulai terkenal di samping balap unta. Referensi [ sunting - sunting sumber ] • ^ a b c d "United Arab Emirates". International Monetary Fund.

• ^ "GINI index (World Bank estimate) – United Arab Emirates". data.worldbank.org. World Bank. Diakses tanggal 30 March 2020. • ^ "2014 Human Development Report Summary" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2014. hlm. 21–25. Diakses tanggal 27 Juli 2014. • ^ "List of left- & right-driving countries". • ^ "Guide to Driving in UAE – Drive Safe in UAE".

• ^ "The Federal Boundaries of United Arab Emirates" (PDF) (dalam bahasa Inggris). Diakses tanggal 15 Januari 2022. • ^ "United Arab Emirates' Constitution of 1971 with Amendments through 2004" (PDF). constituteproject.org. Diakses tanggal 15 Januari 2022. • ^ Habboush, Mahmoud (10 Oktober 2013). "Call to naturalise some expats stirs anxiety in the UAE". Reuters (dalam bahasa Inggris). Diakses tanggal 15 Januari 2022. • ^ Al Youha, Ali; T. Malit Jr., Froilan (18 September 2013). "Labor Migration in the United Arab Emirates: Challenges and Responses".

migrationpolicy.org (dalam bahasa Inggris). Diakses tanggal 15 Januari 2022. • ^ a b "United Arab Emirates country profile". BBC News (dalam bahasa Inggris). 31 Agustus 2020. Diakses tanggal 15 Januari 2022. • ^ "United Arab Emirates Population (2022) - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info (dalam bahasa Inggris). Diakses tanggal 15 Januari 2022. • ^ "International - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)".

www.eia.gov (dalam bahasa Inggris). Administrasi Informasi Energi Amerika Serikat. Diakses tanggal 15 Januari 2022. • ^ "International Energy Statistics".

www.eia.gov (dalam bahasa Inggris). Administrasi Informasi Energi Amerika Serikat. Diakses tanggal 15 Januari 2022. • ^ Augustine, Babu Das (1 Januari 2018). "New era in UAE as VAT takes effect". gulfnews.com (dalam bahasa Inggris). Diakses tanggal 15 Januari 2022. • ^ "Diversification raises non-oil share of UAE's PDB to 71%".

• ^ a b c "The World Uni emirat arab. CIA. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2018-12-24. Diakses tanggal 2016-12-27.

• ^ "WTO Trade Statistic 2009". Stat.wto.org. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2016-03-04. Diakses tanggal 2016-12-27.

• ^ "United Arab Emirates profile". BBC News. 14 November 2012. • ^ "Ekonomi diversification in the GCC countries" (PDF). hlm. 13. [ pranala nonaktif permanen] • ^ "Speaking of Water".

• ^ "Dubai Drowning in Debt". • ^ "3". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2009-06-04. Diakses tanggal 2016-12-27. • ^ a b "UAE National Bureau of Statistics" (PDF). Diarsipkan dari versi uni emirat arab (PDF) tanggal 2013-10-08. Diakses tanggal 2017-07-05. • ^ "United Arab Emirates". World Gazetteer. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 3 July 2009. • ^ "Population (Total)". World Bank. • ^ "Population leaps to 8.19 million". The National. Abu Dhabi.

30 May 2010. • ^ Andrzej Kapiszewski (22 May 2006). "Arab versus Asian migrant workers in the GCC countries" (PDF). UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs. • ^ "Net migration rate". Cia.gov. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2016-03-08. Diakses tanggal 2017-07-05.

• ^ Camille Paldi (13 July 2010) UAE Islamic Finance Diarsipkan 2013-02-26 di Wayback Machine. I Love The UAE. Retrieved 27 September 2013. • ^ Habboush, Mahmoud. (10 October 2013) Call to naturalise some expats stirs anxiety in the UAE Diarsipkan 2014-07-14 di Wayback Machine.

Uk.reuters.com. Retrieved 10 October 2015. • ^ " Labor Migration in the United Arab Emirates: Challenges and Responses". Migration Policy Institute. 18 September 2013. • ^ a b Andy Sambidge (7 October 2009). "UAE population hits 6m, Emiratis make up 16.5%". ArabianBusiness.com. • ^ "Indians, Pakistanis make up 37% of Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman population".

gulfnews.com. Diakses tanggal 7 August 2015. • ^ "Expat numbers rise rapidly as UAE uni emirat arab touches 6m". Uaeinteract.com. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2009-10-09. Diakses tanggal 2017-07-05. • ^ Mcintosh, Lindsay (16 June 2008). "Terror red alert for 100,000 British expats in Dubai". The Scotsman. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2018-08-21.

Diakses tanggal 2017-07-05. • ^ Giles Whittell (15 March 2010). "British pair face jail for kissing in Dubai restaurant". The Times. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 25 May 2010. • ^ "Editorial: The Ideal Prince". Arabnews.com.

3 November 2004. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 9 July 2012. • ^ "Table 3.10 Urbanization" (PDF). World Development Indicators. Archived from the original on 25 March 2009. Pemeliharaan CS1: Url tak layak ( link) • ^ "Life expectancy at birth". The World Factbook.

uni emirat arab

Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2016-03-06. Diakses tanggal 2017-07-05. • ^ "Average life expectancy in UAE rises to 75 years". Uaeinteract.com. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2013-06-22.

Diakses tanggal 2017-07-05. • ^ "Sex ratio". The World Factbook. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2013-11-30. Diakses tanggal 2017-07-05. • ^ Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project: United Arab Emirates. Pew Research Center. 2010. • ^ United Arab Emirates. International Religious Freedom Report 2007.

State.gov. Retrieved 27 September 2013. • ^ "International Religious Freedom Report for 2012 – United Arab Emirates". Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. • ^ Bassma Al Jandaly (5 April 2008). "Churches and temples in the UAE".

Gulf News. • ^ "Islam: Sunnis and Shiites" (PDF). investigativeproject.org. 23 February 2004. • ^ Christensen, Shane (2010). Frommer's Dubai. John Wiley & Sons. hlm. 174. ISBN 978-0-470-71178-1. Pranala luar [ sunting - sunting sumber ] Uni emirat arab Commons memiliki media mengenai الإمارات العربية المتحدة. Wikivoyage memiliki panduan wisata United Arab Emirates. • (Inggris) Portal resmi Diarsipkan 2009-11-13 di Wayback Machine. • (Inggris) UAE pages Diarsipkan 2005-06-06 di Wayback Machine.

• (Inggris) AseanNewsNetwork - UAE • Panduan ke Uni Emirat Arab Diarsipkan 2017-10-07 di Wayback Machine. Afganistan · Albania · Aljazair · Arab Saudi · Azerbaijan · Bahrain · Bangladesh · Benin · Brunei · Burkina Faso · Chad · Gabon · Gambia · Guinea · Guinea Bissau · Guyana · Indonesia · Irak · Iran · Jibuti · Kamerun · Kazakhstan · Komoro · Kirgizstan · Kuwait · Lebanon · Libya · Maladewa · Malaysia · Mali · Maroko · Mauritania · Mesir · Mozambik · Niger · Nigeria · Oman · Pakistan · Palestina · Pantai Gading · Qatar · Senegal · Sierra Leone · Somalia · Sudan · Suriah · Suriname · Tajikistan · Togo · Tunisia · Turki · Turkmenistan · Uganda · Uni Emirat Arab · Uzbekistan · Yaman · Yordania Pengamat Kategori tersembunyi: • Halaman dengan argumen formatnum non-numerik • CS1 sumber berbahasa Inggris (en) • Artikel dengan pranala luar nonaktif • Artikel dengan pranala luar nonaktif permanen • Templat webarchive tautan wayback • Pemeliharaan CS1: Url tak layak • Artikel mengandung aksara Arab • Artikel dengan pernyataan yang tidak disertai rujukan • Artikel dengan pernyataan yang tidak disertai rujukan April 2022 • Pranala Commons dari Wikidata • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda GND • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda ISNI • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda VIAF • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda BNE • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda BNF • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda LCCN • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda NDL • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda NKC • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda NLI • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda FAST • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda MusicBrainz area • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda NARA • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda RERO • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda SUDOC • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda TDVİA • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda Trove • Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda WORLDCATID • Uni emirat arab Wikipedia dengan penanda ganda uni emirat arab Halaman ini terakhir diubah pada 26 April 2022, pukul 01.30.

• Teks tersedia di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa; ketentuan tambahan mungkin berlaku. Lihat Ketentuan Penggunaan untuk lebih jelasnya. • Kebijakan privasi • Tentang Wikipedia • Penyangkalan • Tampilan seluler • Pengembang • Statistik • Pernyataan kuki • • Menu • UAEU Home • About UAEU • General Information • University leadership • Student Success Indicators • International Relations Office • Community Outreach • Alumni • Uni emirat arab • Undergraduate Admissions • Graduate Addmissions • Re-admission • Transfer Students • Scholarships • Tuition Fees • Registration • Student Exchange Unit • Academics • Programs & Courses • Colleges • Academic Support • Research & Innovation • Research & Sponsored Projects Office • Research Centers • Science & Innovation Park • Research Opportunities • Collaborations • UAEU Experience • Student Support • Student Life & Facilities • Libraries • Location Study A fully comprehensive university Students have access to a broad range of degrees programs across 9 colleges taught by highly accomplished faculty.

Many of our degree programs are unique to UAEU, and many of them are offered in unique combinations. University College is committed to assisting new students to achieve a successful transition from high school to university life. Developing Innovative & Sustainable Solutions UAEU's research focus is aimed at developing innovative and sustainable solutions to many of the challenges facing the UAE, the region and the wider world today. The UAE has prioritized seven key areas of strategic national importance .

Learn More View all research articles View all patents 13 January 2022 First Emirati Named Global Ambassador For Leading International Development Organization The Fred Hollows Foundation appointed Fatima Alward Al Darmaki, prominent local media figure, as its global ambassador, making her the first person from the Arab Gulf region to work in this international development capacity. Excellence Excellence At UAEU we focus on the quality of the learning experience for each student.

UAEU’s “excellence agenda” involves every aspect of the university.Here you will find the finest faculty in the nation, the most advanced technology in the region and the most modern and attractive campus facilities to be found anywhere. Employability of our Graduates Employability of our Graduates Since our programs have been designed in partnership with employers, our graduates are highly sought after by both private and government entities.

Our academic programs include not just classroom theory, but also practical internships and research experiences. International Recognition International Recognition UAEU continues to rank among the best of the world’s universities.

QS, a London-based international ranking of the world’s leading universities, rates UAEU in the top 400 in the uni emirat arab and the top 50 world universities that have been founded within the past 50 years. A Uni emirat arab Learning Environment A Supportive Learning Environment UAEU is committed to providing the support to ensure that every student can be successful. Our support services uni emirat arab counseling, healthcare, IT support, disability support, career services, financial aid, international student services, alumni services, a student success center and a student council.

Vibrant Living Environment Vibrant Living Environment Our goal is not only to give students an excellent degree qualification but also to ensure that you have fun along the way.

Uni emirat arab students come from more than 60 countries, so you will interact with and learn from people of diverse cultural backgrounds.The university offers a wealth of extra-curricular activities and life-enhancing experiences with more than 50 Clubs and Societies.

Choice Choice No university in the nation provides as many academic choices as UAEU. The university offers 49 Bachelor’s degree programs, 31 Master’s programs, a Doctor of Medicine (MD), a Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D), a Ph.D program, and a Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) across a broad range of disciplines, including business, economics, education, engineering, food and agriculture, humanities, the social sciences, IT, law, medicine and health sciences, and the natural sciences.

A Magnificent New Campus A Magnificent New Campus The new UAEU campus features the most modern architecture, zones for specialized research centers, cutting edge IT network infrastructure, classrooms and labs that feature the latest equipment and instructional technology to enhance student learning. There is also an expansive library, two world class health clubs equipped with latest fitness equipment, two Olympic sized swimming pools, among others.

Cutting-Edge Research Cutting-Edge Research The UAEU is the nation’s premier research university. We not only transmit knowledge to our students, but through our colleges and research centers we help to create new knowledge such as working on developing new treatments for cancer, producing new technology for addressing the world’s energy needs and developing new techniques for increasing the global food supply.

Community Outreach Community Outreach As the UAE’s national university, UAEU recognizes the responsibility of the university and our graduates to contribute to the wellbeing of the broader community. We encourage our students and staff to give back to the community through civic engagement, public service, and research. The university helps students connect with volunteer and community service organizations in the student’s particular area of interest. Student Testimonial “Since day one I have been warmly and openly welcomed.

I have worked with a top class professor and made wonderful friends during the process. It’s a period of time that I can honestly say has changed my life for the better and opened doors to the future as I continue growing as a researcher.” Hanna Mahné, Master’s Degree in Food Science, Finland Student Testimonial “Getting accepted to the UAEU has been a true blessing for me.

UAEU is the best university in the country and keeps developing in terms of technology, student services and the quality of tuition. I have made many new friends and had many new experiences, all of which has made me realize that UAEU is not just about studying, but it is also a place to prepare for life outside of university." Fatima Babiker, 4th Year English Literature Student, Sudan Student Testimonial “As part of an agreement between the UAEU and the French aircraft manufacturer Dassault Aviation, I worked on a research project dealing with the design of FaultTolerant Control Laws for combat aircraft.

Besides the academic aspect, working and living in the UAE has been an enriching experience. I discovered a new culture, a new language and met many people from many different countries.” Adrien Drouot, Post Doctorate in Electrical Engineering, France Emmanuel Stip, MD is professor of psychiatry and Chair of the department since Summer 2019. Previously he was a professor at the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Montreal (UdeM). He has been practicing psychiatry in Montreal, Abitibi, Vancouver (UBC), and Caen (Normandy) and was a clinician-researcher at the Centre Hospitalier of the University of Montreal (CHUM) and at the Institute (IUSMM).

He was also Chairman of the Department of Psychiatry from 2009 to 2017 at UdeM. His research interests evolve around neuropsychology and cognition, phenomenology, brain imaging, psychopharmacology, global mental health and history of psychiatry. He was the first to describe 2 new syndromes: the Metronome syndrome and the Roko Syndrome. He was the Chair holder of the UdeM Schizophrenia Research Eli Lilly Chair. He supervised more than 30 students in Master or PhD. He has published over 400 peer-reviewed journals, has a google scholar index of 59.

He has also received over 5 million dollars in research grants (CIHR, FRQS) and numerous awards including: Distinguished Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association, The Cleghorn Award from the Canadian Psychiatric Association, Michael Smith Award for Schizophrenia, and the Heinz E. Lehmann Prize for Excellence from the Association des médecins psychiatres du Québec (AMPQ), Professor Emeritus 2021.

He is associate editor of the Canadian journal of Psychiatry, and the former director of Santé Mentale au Quebec. He is consultant psychiatrist in Al Ain Hospital. Prof Salah Gariballa is Professor of Internal Medicine at the United Arab Emirates University and Senior Consultant Physician at Tawam Hospital.

He graduated with PhD from University of Leicester, UK in 1998 and was awarded FRCP, London in 2003. He joined the College of Medicine and Health Sciences in 2005. Prior to that he was Associate Professor at the University of Sheffield, before that Assistant Professor at the University of Birmingham. In the 2018/2019 academic year he received both Dean’s Excellence Award for best faculty and Tawam Hospital Outstanding Physician Award.

In 2018 he received Tawam Hospital best Clinical Teacher Award. He is the Foundation Director of The International MRCP(UK) diploma exams at Al Ain Hospital and the Foundation Director of the Professional Medical Teaching Unit of Al Ain Hospital (2006-2010).

His research interest is Role of Clinical Nutrition in treatment and prevention of disease. He is named among the World’s Top 2 % Research scientists published by Stanford University, USA in 2020 and 2021. The list represents most-cited scientists using a cumulative career citation. Prof Salah published more than 100 research papers, books and book chapters including more than 60 articles on role of nutrition in prevention and treatment of disease in UAE citizens during his time at the CMHS.

He conducted a number of externally funded clinical trials, lectured & published widely on this subject including recent 2 chapters and a textbook on the role of Nutrition in treatment & prevention of chronic diseases. Dr. Gürdal Ertek received his B.S.

from Industrial Engineering Department of Boğaziçi University, Istanbul, Turkey, in 1994, and his Ph.D. from School of Industrial and Systems Engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, in 2001. His research areas include business analytics, data science, artificial intelligence, block chain, supply chain management, and project management.

Before joining UAEU in August 2019, Dr. Ertek served for 13 years at Sabancı University, Istanbul, Turkey, and other academic and uni emirat arab institutions in Singapore, Kuwait, and United Arab Emirates (UAE). He has taught 2,000+ students in lecture-styled courses and has supervised/mentored in person uni emirat arab students in project courses or course projects. He has also served as a reviewer for more than 50+ R&D projects submitted to TÜBİTAK (Turkish National Science Foundation) and other research organization.

In September 2020, UAE University received full accreditation for the Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Statistics and Data Analytics (STAT), where Dr. Gurdal Ertek was a contributor. This program is the first of its kind in the UAE and the Gulf region, combining traditional and modern methods of mathematics, statistics, and data analytics. The program is positioned to grow highly competent data professionals within the UAE.

Dr. Ertek is recipient of many awards, including Service and Colleagiality Award at Abu Dhabi University and Project Manager Educator Award at Sharjah Chamber of Commerce & Industry from Alleeem Business Congress. In November 2020, Dr. Gurdal Ertek has received Bronze Medal from Ethereum Foundation, Switzerland in the “Medalla Data Challenge”.

Dr. Ertek and a NY-based researcher colleague joined the blockchain data science challenge with three technical articles. The articles analyze the data schema of and data propagation delays uni emirat arab Ethereum 2.0. From across the world, 12 teams were recognized for their work with awards. Dr. Ertek was one of the few researchers participating from outside of USA/Europe/China and the only researcher from academia.

Dr. Ertek is an amateur musician, with his music published as an online album, and an amateur ebru (marbling) artist. Dr. Maria J. Fernandez-Cabezudo was born in Madrid (Spain) where she graduated in Biological Sciences and obtained her PhD in Cell Biology-Immunology at the Complutense University. To continue her education, she moved to the USA to pursue her post-doctoral training at Yale University School of Medicine.

At Yale University, she worked in the lab of the prominent immunologist Prof. Charles Janeway Jr, a leading scientist in the field. It was at Yale University where she also met Basel Al-Ramadi, another postdoctoral fellow in the lab, who became her husband and with whom she moved to UAE and began her long professional and personal career. After her son, Khalil, was born, she dedicated to him the most joyful and rewarding seven years of her life. She formally resumed her professional career in 2001 when she joined the Department of Biochemistry at the College of Medicine & Health Sciences (CMHS), United Arab Emirates University (UAEU).

Maria is actively involved in teaching, supervising research projects and coordinating courses for medical and postgraduate students. Her research interests are focused on different aspects of the immune system, particularly on the relationship between the nervous and immune systems. A key focus of Maria’s laboratory is to understand the underlying mechanisms by which neurotransmitters can regulate the inflammatory response in infectious and autoimmune disease models and the potential of neuro-immune modulation in cancer immunotherapy.

These research projects are supported by grants from the CMHS and UAEU. The findings from Dr Maria’s laboratory are published in high impact scientific journals and regularly presented in international medical science conferences. She enjoys being around family and friends back home. In her spare time she loves to swim, read, listen to music and travel around the world with her husband and son. Dr. Marina-Selini Katsaiti, who is from Greece, studied at the University of Athens (Greece), Durham University uni emirat arab and the University of Connecticut (USA).

She is a Fulbright scholar and has pursued her studies while working full time and with the support of several state scholarships in Greece and abroad. She has worked and taught in Greece, US, Germany and the UAE. She has been in the UAE working for UAEU for nine wonderful and very productive years. Her research interests lie in the areas of economic growth, corruption, health and happiness. She doesn’t say no to new, interesting research topics while she really enjoys new collaborations.

She has published a number of research papers in renowned academic journals, has presented her work in numerous international conferences and has taught university students at the undergrad, master and doctorate levels. Her greatest achievement is the recognition she constantly receives from her students. She has a wonderful seven year old daughter who laughs a lot and plays the drums.

In her free time she reads books, does yoga, see her friends and go to the beach while listening to music. She aims to be a good person, always does her best and lives by example.

Adriaan De Man was born in the Flemish region of Belgium, and grew up in Portugal. He is a proud former student of Coimbra university, an institution with medieval roots and rich traditions, where he started developing a passion for archaeology that would ultimately lead him to Al Ain.

He currently is Associate Professor and serves as Chair of the Department of History and Archaeology. He directed twenty-one archaeological excavations, mainly at Roman and early Islamic sites, and published almost one hundred texts, including five books. From time to time, he also explores other periods; he is now dealing with Bronze Age materials from recent fieldwork, and on the other hand with the Portuguese presence in the Uni emirat arab Gulf.

Over the years, different paths led him to Art History, Museum Uni emirat arab and Cultural Tourism, in the private sector as uni emirat arab as in academia. Part of his academic career has been centered on research evaluation and quality assessment for governments and funding agencies in Europe and North America.

Together with the regular attendance of scientific conferences, these evaluations are crucial for keeping up with the latest developments in Higher Education, whilst at the same time giving back to the research community. Adriaan lives a happy life in Al Ain with his wife and his almost three years old daughter. Most of his free time is spent with them. He very recently joined the local rugby club, in a reminiscence of his early student days, when he played for Académica de Coimbra.

He is also a UAE Automobile and Touring Club marshal, and is writing these lines during an interval of the 2018 Abu Dhabi Formula One Grand Prix, at which he is deployed to the pit lane. Revolutionizing Construction With his passion on Computer Science and Technology, and background on Civil Engineering, Dr. Hamad Al Jassmi is sighting new horizons on the delivery of sustainable and lean construction projects. Dr. Al Jassmi believes it is time for the construction industry to go digital.

Designing a large-scale 3D printer that prints an insulated concrete paste for building structures, using IoT and Machine Learning to remotely control labor productivity at manufacturing and construction sites, digitalizing construction job site safety management using Building Information Models (BIM) and Virtual Reality (VR), and developing a construction claims management system using Artificial Intelligence; are examples of current research projects he is currently engaged in.

Dr. Al Jassmi published 15 peer-reviewed articles, several which appeared in top ranked international journals in the field of Construction Engineering & Management. Throughout his academic journey with UAEU since 2014, Dr. Al Jassmi developed numerous curricula for various civil engineering courses, and developed an interactive e-book that explains the fundamentals of Structural Engineering. Dr. Al Jassmi is currently the Assistant Dean for Research and Graduate Studies at the College of Engineering.

He is chairing numerous key committees related to innovation, research, graduate studies, and is leading the university’s industry 4.0 MiniFactory educational project. He is also a member of the Manufacturing Council that draws the strategic plan of the National Advanced Sciences Agenda 2031, and is a member of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces Innovation Award sponsored by HH Sheikh Mohammad Bin Zayed Al Nahyan. Dr. Al Jassmi obtained his PhD in Civil & Environmental Engineering from the University of New South Wales in Australia, ranked 45th worldwide by QS.

Before his PhD studies, Dr. Al Jassmi obtained his Bachelors (Hons) and Masters degrees from the United Kingdom at the University of Greenwich, and the University of Cardiff.

Away from academia, he enjoys reading Arabic literature and writes poetry in both classical and local Arabic. Prof. Sulaiman hasbeen working on the development of liquid biofuels since 2004.

He explains, “It all started after completing my PhD, in Biochemical Engineering from the University of Malaya, in 2003. My PhD thesis was on the kinetics of enzymatic hydrolysis of vegetable oils.

The enzyme used for oil hydrolysis is the very one used for oil transesterification in biodiesel production. Therefore, it was just a matter of time before I was drawn into the biodiesel research. Working with enzymes has also introduced me to bioethanol (another liquid biofuel) uni emirat arab from lignocellulosic biomass.” He began studying the kinetics of enzymatic reaction of straight vegetable oils, and his first publication in this field was back in 2006, just before joining UAEU.

Since then, his research has focused on using waste biomass, such as waste cooking oils and animal fats for biodiesel production, and lignocelluloses for bioethanol production.

In 2010, he started working with microalgae, which have proved to be good source of oils with several favorable features. Above all, these microorganisms are capable of growing in saline water, which reduces the freshwater loading, and their cultivation does not require agricultural land development. Prof. Sulaiman and his team developed an enzymatic pretreatment process for effective oils extraction from wet microalgae biomass, without the need for drying. The team also studied the oil extraction and reaction using supercritical CO 2.

The team was able to enhance the oils content uni emirat arab microalgae by several folds by media manipulation, and developed a technique for simultaneous extraction-reaction system from wet biomass. Concurrently with biodiesel production, the team used microalgae for CO 2 removal from flue gas, and for industrial wastewater treatment.

They also developed a novel process of using microalgae to regenerate amine solutions saturated with CO 2 that comes out from a conventional gas sweetening absorption unit. As a result of his obsession with enhancing oil content in the microalgae, he came to realize that the proteins, which have been suppressed in favor of enhancing the oils, could be more valuable than the oils which led him to start work on protein extraction and testing for antioxidant and antitumor activities.

Beside biofuels, he works on other fields of research, but biofuels is what he is passionate about. He has published 75 journal papers to date, and authored a book and three book chapter on biofuels. He was also granted a US Patent on using supercritical CO 2 in biodiesel production. Away from academia, he is an avid football fan while his other hobbies include swimming and playing squash.

Prof. Narchi is a Professor of Paediatrics at the College of Medicine and Health Sciences (CMHS) of the United Arab Emirates University (UAEU).

He is currently the Director of the Clinical Sciences Course and the Director of the Final Integrated Examination at the CMHS. He has previously worked as a Consultant Paediatrician in the United Kingdom and as Honorary Senior Clinical Lecturer at the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom (U.K). He is also an Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (U.K) and senior examiner for the Clinical MRCPCH examination in the UAE.

He holds a Masters degree in Epidemiology and Biomedical Statistics from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, U.K. and also a Masters degree in Medical Education (with Distinction) from the University of Dundee, U.K. He has extensive international clinical and research experience and his research interests encompass all fields of paediatrics, from the perinatal period to adolescence, and aim to answer clinical questions relevant to the diagnosis and treatment of children.

Some of his publications have already been adopted as guidelines for clinical management in paediatric practice. He has published more than 164 peer-reviewed research papers indexed in Scopus, including 137 indexed in PubMed, with more than 60 articles published since joining the CMHS. Prof. Narchi has been ranked by Stanford University, USA, for the 2nd consecutive year, among the world’s top 2% scientists. To make a positive impact on someone's life; values, dedication, opinion and productivity are the key!

With these words, Dr. Synan AbuQamar climbed the academic ladder to become an Associate Professor at the Department of Biology in the United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) since 2014.

Dr. AbuQamar completed his Ph.D. from Department of Botany & Plant Pathology/Purdue Uni emirat arab in 2007. Following his Ph.D., Synan pursued as a postdoctoral fellow in the laboratory of Prof. Tesfaye Mengiste at Purdue University.

In 2008, he joined the Department of Biology at UAEU as an Assistant Professor. Since then at UAEU, Synan has established a Plant Molecular Genetics/Plant Biotechnology laboratory at the Department of Biology.

His current research area is Molecular Genetics of Plant Immunity. His research focuses on understanding the molecular and cellular factors that control plant defense mechanisms against necrotrophic pathogens – pathogens that kill host tissues/cells to complete their life cycle- using “model” and “crop” host plants.

As uni emirat arab translational scientist, Dr. AbuQamar has been able to take forward his basic research using genomics, transcriptomics and gene functional approaches to agricultural and field applications, and back to the lab to know more about basic science. The ultimate goal is to substantially reduce the devastating impact of diseases on plants.

In the UAE, as in other countries in the world, plants fight to survive harsh environmental stresses, including plant pathogens.

Synan is striving to improve plant resistance to pathogens/diseases. Traditional horticultural and chemical practices have proven their limitations, or even negative impacts on the environment and human health. Therefore, genetic engineering and biological control can limit the increases uni emirat arab pathogen populations, and often suppress the plant tissue destroying activities of pathogens.

In his lab, Synan has extensively been concerned about the plant-microbe interaction, including Arabidopsis thaliana- Botrytis cinerea, date palm- Thielaviopsis punctulata and uni emirat arab Lasiodiplodia theobromae pathosystems.

For example, B. cinerea is considered the second most important fungal pathogen worldwide that causes uni emirat arab in a wide range of crops. T. punctulata and L. theobromae causing black scorch disease (locally known as Medjnoon) on date palm and dieback disease on mango; respectively, negatively affect the agribusiness in the UAE.

Dr. AbuQamar’s lab has efficiently limit chemicals use on plants. So far, the lab has generated several mutations in genes and discovered many biocontrol agents for a highly effective solution against these “nasty” fungi. All research findings are the result of research projects carried out by Dr. AbuQamar’s team including M.Sc. and Ph.D. students. Synan has published over 50 publications in highly impact international journals.

This is evident that American Society of Plant Biologist (ASPB) has recognized Synan being one of the most highly cited author in “Plant Cell” and “Plant Physiology” journals published between 2009-2013 in the Middle East and Africa. In addition, he has been recognized in several occasions by UAEU as a “distinguished researcher” with publication in top ranked journals.

In 2017, he was awarded the College of Science Award for Excellence in Scholarship. Synan is married and has one son, Hamzeh, and one daughter, Juwan. Synan enjoys reading, football and traveling. Taking the Lead in the UAE’s Nutrition Dr. Ayesha Salem Obaid Al Dhaheri, currently holds the position of Vice Dean in the College of Food and Agriculture at the United Arab Emirates University (UAEU).

Dr. Al Dhaheri earned a Ph.D. in Clinical Nutrition from Oxford Brookes University, England, in 2007 after gaining an M.Sc. in the Environmental Sciences: Clinical Nutrition from UAEU in 2002. Dr. Al Dhaheri joined the United Arab Emirates University in 2008 as a research assistant.

She became an associate professor in the Department of Nutrition and Health Uni emirat arab in 2015. She also serves as Assistant Dean for Professional Development; President of the Emirates Clinical Nutrition Society and as a coordinator for MEFOODS and GULFOODS – FAO in Rome. Dr. Al Dhaheri’s research promotes greater awareness of the prevention and treatment of nutrition related diseases.

This is the goal of her current Emirates Foundation-sponsored projects where she is the principal investigator. Recently her research team compiled the first authoritative guide to the nutritional composition of traditional Emirati food and the impact such food has on blood sugar levels.

Another research project is ‘Setting up and Running School Gardens.’ This is conducted in cooperation with the FAO; the General Women’s Union and the Abu Dhabi Food Control Agency. Dr. Al Dhaheri edited and published an Arabic version of the teaching toolkit and manual for this project. Additionally, she has an ongoing project that focuses on the relationship between body mass index (BMI), body circumference and skinfold thickness in terms of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and blood pressure (BP).

This is being conducted with female UAEU students. She has authored numerous peer-reviewed publications in cooperation with other national and international scientists, and regularly participates in international conferences and interdisciplinary research projects in nutritional and clinical sciences. Also, she has organized a series of events.

These uni emirat arab the International Growth and Development Conference (‘Healthy Ageing: Pediatric to Geriatric’), the first conference of its uni emirat arab in the region. One of her many uni emirat arab achievements has been when the University College London’s (UCL) Division of Medicine – Institute for Liver and Digestive Health, selected Dr.

Al Dhaheri to be an Honorary Fellow from the 1 st October, 2017 to 30th September, 2020. Outside of work, Dr. Al Dhaheri enjoys spending quality time with her family and loves to engage herself in activities such as natural soap making, cooking and crochet sewing. Professor Basel Al-Ramadi first encountered immunology during his undergraduate studies at Edinburgh University some 30 years ago. At that time, immunology as a medical discipline was still going through a formative process. Despite the relative immaturity of immunology, Professor Al-Ramadi was fascinated by the intricacies and potential impact of immunology on disease.

He decided to pursue a postgraduate degree in the subject. It was a fortunate decision as he was then closely involved with the revolution in immunology that took place. Following his Ph.D uni emirat arab Temple University School of Medicine, he joined the laboratory of Professor Charles Janeway Jr.

at Yale University, as a postdoctoral fellow. This shaped Professor Al-Ramadi’s career as the Department of Immuno-biology at Yale was arguably one of the most influential immunology departments in the world. For the next seven years he was fortunate to work alongside 200 immunologists and witness many exciting discoveries in the field. After Yale, Professor Al-Ramadi’s arrival at the College of Medicine and Health Sciences at the United Arab Emirates University uni emirat arab years ago represented a huge challenge and an even bigger opportunity.

The challenge was to continue working in a highly competitive field at a relatively young institution. The opportunity was to utilize his experience to develop immunological research in the UAE. The record shows that this has been a success.

The CMHS cooperates with Tawam Hospital and other international immunologists in order to further studies in immunology. Their first breakthrough was double-blind, controlled clinical trials. They also established a strong translational cancer immunology research program in the CMHS.

Along the way, partnerships have been forged with colleagues from Yale University, Harvard University, Institut Pasteur, the University of São Paulo, New York University and the University of Vermont. Professor Al-Ramadi has received the Faculty Award for Excellence in Research; the Dean’s Distinguished Service Award and the College of Medicine’s Distinguished Performance Award.

He has been a section editor for ‘Immunobiology’ and a member of the editorial boards of the Journal of Clinical Immunology, Clinical Immunology and Immunology Innovation. The research focus in Professor Al-Ramadi’s laboratory is on how the immune system can be modulated to the benefit of the host in diseases such as cancer, autoimmunity and microbial infections.

These investigations have received more than AED 4 million in grants, which has helped to train more than 30 MSc./Ph.D students, immunology fellows and undergraduate medical students. They have also published nearly 80 articles in top scientific journals. These include the Journal of Immunology; the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology; Frontiers in Immunology; Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy; the Journal of Clinical Investigation Insight; The Lancet, Frontiers in Oncology; Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology; Biology and Medicine; Nanotoxicology and Nature Genetics.

Basel is married to Maria Fernandez-Cabezudo, an associate professor in the Department of Biochemistry at the CMHS. They have one son, Khalil, who is completing his Ph.D uni emirat arab in the USA. Basel enjoys reading, swimming, dining with friends and traveling. In July 2015 Iltaf Shah became an Assistant Professor of the College of Science at the United Arab Emirates University. His research focuses on the development of chemical tools to better understand the role of vitamins and metabolites in the human body.

He is particularly interested in vitamin D targets and narrow-spectrum therapeutics. As part of this research, he recently developed an innovative vitamin D test to measure vitamin D deficiency in the Emirati population. In collaboration with Tawam Hospital Medical School, Dr.

Shah is also seeking to commercialize this test by implementing it in UAE hospitals. He has also worked with Kingston University to develop a new uni emirat arab that detects kidney disease at an early stage in humans. His other research interest is the bioanalysis of drugs and steroids in human and animal hair by using enzyme linked immune-sorbent assays, liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry instruments.

He has recently developed a test used for doping control in camel racing. This is a joint effort between Dr David Cowan’s laboratory at Kings College London and the Camel Forensic Laboratory in Al Ain. After significant news coverage in the UAE, Iltaf has been asked to record an interview with ITV news in London to explain the science behind these innovations in camel racing drug tests. Iltaf completed a B.Sc. at King Edward’s College and then both an M.Sc and Ph.D with Kingston University, England.

He has worked as postdoctoral fellow with Professor Naughton at Kingston and then followed this with a lectureship at the same University. He then moved to UAE to take up a post as an Assistant Professor of Biochemistry at UAEU. His graduate, Ph.D and postdoctoral work was mainly on the bioanalytical aspects of small molecules in human bodily fluids. He has also investigated the use of specialised bioanalytical techniques for large molecules proteins and peptides.

He is a member of the Royal Society of Chemistry. He has collaborated on several projects with St Thomas’s Hospital, Brighton, Sussex Medical School, Sheffield University, St George’s University, Aristotle University and the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) as well as with many private companies.

Dr. Shah has received a number of awards for teaching and research, and is the author of more than 50 research articles. He hold a teaching qualification and is a fellow of HEA. He also has management qualifications from the Chartered Management Institute where he remains a member. An avid sports fan Iltaf follows Manchester United and enjoys cricket. Other hobbies include singing when he is not relaxing in the company of his wife and kids. Promoting growth, inclusiveness and intergenerational wellbeing Professor Nihel Chabrak believes we should be looking at new approaches to promote growth alongside social welfare.

Development should consider not only the here and now, but how generations to uni emirat arab will be able to shape their future lives. Professor Chabrak works in the Accounting Department of the College of Business and Economics at the United Arab Emirates University.

She is researching how to promote economic connections between macro objectives, such as sustainability, and yet still create more micro incentives for the growth of businesses. In cooperation with colleagues from other well-known international research institutions, she is working on reforming finance, governance and accounting in order to support growth. Growth is about wellbeing as uni emirat arab as development. It is not only measured by GDP but by the dispersion, composition and sustainability of that growth.

Policy makers should aim for an inclusiveness that allows people to transform their lives. Economic growth is an important determinant of wellbeing but it is not the only one. Social and ecological factors are also important indicators of wellbeing, and in some cases, are directly related to it.

Countries should pursue sustainable growth so that future generations can enjoy the same level of prosperity as now. Therefore, we should maintain our productive base across generations.

This includes human, health and natural capital. According to Professor Chabrak, it is the concept of shareholder value maximization that has aggressively degraded natural capital and created inequalities in the economy and wider society. “An economic framework should reshape corporate behavior to support sustainable growth, which is the real wealth of nations.” As well as conducting this research, Professor Chabrak is Program Director at the UAEU Science and Innovation Park, where she is promoting value-driven startups and encouraging businesses that are more inclusive and sustainable.

Among the startups in the incubation program is Green Steps Energy. This is a UAE startup company founded by four female engineering entrepreneurs. Their vision is to establish a citizenship movement for a greener planet. They have designed an energy generating carpet (called Bezeo) that transforms kinetic energy into electrical energy.

Another startup she helped with is Aroma Niche. This is an eco-friendly aromatherapy product which uses plants native to the UAE and Gulf region. This helps to preserve local heritage while offering a unique product. As UAE team leader for the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) program - the largest on-going, international research program on entrepreneurship in the world - Professor Chabrak is interested in researching the links between entrepreneurship and wellbeing.

With her colleague, Dr. Chafik Bouhaddioui, she has developed a long-term research project using data from the GEM program. The purpose of this research is to examine the potential relationship between entrepreneurship and happiness in the UAE in order to help policy makers evaluate entrepreneurship as a measure of wellbeing and to encourage further growth.

As a Chair of UAEU Committee for Dubai Expo 2020, Professor Chabrak was instrumental in designing the UAEU pavilion. During the Expo the pavilion’s theme will be how to generate 100 million ideas and transform them into 100 million successes. Professor Chabrak teaches Accounting, Corporate Governance, and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as well as a Stanford course on Entrepreneurship and Innovation.

She is also involved with a unique leadership course that utilizes both ontological and phenomenological approaches. Before coming to UAEU, Professor Chabrak was living and working in France. She is a joint Tunisian and French citizen. When in France she was an Assistant Professor and then an Associate Professor at the Institut Mines Telecom (2002-2011).

Before, that she was a Business and IT consultant. Her studies took her to IHEC Carthage (Tunisia) before attending the University of Paris Dauphine in 1995. She has enjoyed visiting professorships at the University of Wisconsin, USA; University of Canterbury, New Zealand; Deakin University, and the University of South Australia, Australia.

She has published articles and served on several editorial boards of international journals. She is the co-founder and organizer of the International CSAF Conference (Tunisia, 2009; the UAE, 2013). Professor Chabrak lives in Al Ain with her cat Candy and looks forward to retiring to a remote island surrounded by dogs and cats. Many people talk about mapping out their career.

For Dr Naeema Al Hosani, that takes on a more literal meaning. An established cartography scholar, she is an expert in the science or practice of drawing maps, and now brings that knowledge to UAEU students as Chair of its Department of Geography and Urban Planning. But her role within the university – and within UAE life – has a much wider compass. With her areas of research interest including cartography, geographic information systems, remote sensing, the environment, tourism, and education, Dr Al Hosani – who is also Assistant Dean for Student Affairs within UAEU’s College of Humanities and Social Sciences – initially joined the Al Ain university as an Assistant Professor, having completed her MA and Ph.D.

at the University of Kansas. Since arriving at UAEU, she has been heavily involved in scholarship, teaching, and service, in addition to holding senior administrative positions at departmental, collegial, and university level, including chairing and being a member of numerous committees. Her professional life has two aspects. On the research side, she has a high-caliber publications record – as a single author and a co-author – with her work being published in top-ranking Western academic journals and her experience and insight seeing her make presentations at domestic, regional, and international conferences.

Dr Al Hosani participated in the transfer of groundbreaking Western research to an Arab audience by translating significant, globally-important books in her area of specialization. The outstanding nature of her research has led to her winning many grants and being awarded prominent accolades, including the UAEU Award for Distinction in Research, as well as being honored by the UAEU Provost for her publication record.

In the teaching field, Dr Al Hosani has carved a reputation for reliability, resourcefulness, and dynamism, as an excellent planner and organizer, and for her dedication to creating a vibrant learning environment.

Her approach is based on interactive teaching strategies, inquiry-based learning, nurturing students’ individual passions and curiosity, and integrating IT into the educational process. Describing her role in the classroom as being “a facilitator and guide in a challenging adventure designed to foster collaboration, discourse and discovery”, she has played a pivotal part in curriculum development and learning outcomes assessments at UAEU. Her academic work recently led to her receiving the UAEU Award for Excellence in Teaching, 2017, and the Prestigious Khalifa Award for distinction in teaching, recognition that follows many other awards from international organizations.

Dr Al Hosanis stature and expertise has seen her make a valuable impact to enriching knowledge and opportunity across UAE society. She has participated in an array of events and seminars dealing with pedagogical issues, within UAEU and in the wider community, and served as mediator between the College of Humanities and Social Sciences and a number of UAE companies and institutions to provide training openings for UAEU students.

Her impressive community service record includes cooperation with local universities and government bodies, such as the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Youth and Culture, the Ministry of Tourism, the Ministry of Presidential Affairs and the Ministry of the Interior. And she has established many cooperation initiatives aimed at strengthening connections between UAEU's academic community and wider UAE society, by establishing avenues of dialogue, outreach, and knowledge exchange.

Away from the UAEU, Dr Al Hosani has many hobbies and enjoys spending her downtime reading novels and discovering new recipes to cook in her kitchen. Think of climate change, and you may immediately think of melting ice caps or vanishing rainforests – but the high-impact research that Dr David Thomson leads on the issue at United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) has a very different, and equally important, geographical focus.

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Since joining UAEU’s Biology Department in 2014, Dr Thomson, an Associate Professor at the university, has built on the department's notable strengths in research and teaching by spearheading novel and high-profile interdisciplinary research that allows undergraduate and postgraduate students to analyze the impact of climate change on hot regions – an impact which does not always lead agendas, but which may be more severe than thought.

Having published his first work on climate change in the 1990s, as a PhD student at the University of Glasgow in Scotland, he has since been involved in studies into related topics including climate variability, seasonality, phenology, changing rainfall patterns, and species decline.

But since 2009, when he took up a faculty position at the University of Hong Kong, his research focus has primarily been on the vulnerability of the hotter parts of the world to climate change, and whether temperatures may already be too high for many of their species. Less than one percent of global climate change research has been conducted in the world’s tropical zone – where, as of 2014, 40% of the Earth’s population live – with the emphasis tending to be on regions where temperatures are changing more rapidly, such as in the Northern Hemisphere.

However, as Dr Thomson explains: “A small temperature increase in a region which is already too hot could be much more damaging than a large temperature increase in a region which is still too cold.” His team at UAEU – whose Environmental Sciences Program was the UAE’s first postgraduate Masters program - has found that many species in cooler regions are actually better served by warmer conditions, through research that crystallized data from almost 50 studies on terrestrial birds.

In hotter regions, however, they found many species have already reached the ‘optimal’ temperature level – where any increase immediately turns ‘perfect’ into ‘negative’. In this field of research, Dr Thomson supervises a postgraduate student team, and has also involved 16 undergraduates in the last two years.

Their work has featured at numerous conferences, and they have raised its profile and purpose among the UAE community through their outreach efforts. “In essence, this is a research program,” says Dr Thomson, “but by engaging undergraduate and postgraduate research students, it is also an active experiential education program. The students are studying something real, then taking their work out into the public domain, where they can explain to the public and to decision-makers why it is important.” The program’s impact, and its success in promoting undergraduate research, led to Dr Thomson being recognized at UAEU’s College of Science awards ceremony in 2017.

It was the latest accolade in a career that has seen him run internationally-acclaimed research programs at prestigious institutions uni emirat arab including the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences and the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research – win plaudits for the quality of his courses, and see his work graded ‘excellent’ in peer review.

He has been published in top journals such as Nature, Proceedings of the Royal Society, Ecology, Biological Reviews, and the Journal of Animal Ecology. Dr Thomson takes this work beyond the laboratory, too.

As a respected thought-leader and influencer on climate change, he participates in climate summits, contributes to media discussions, government working groups, and consultations, and is regularly invited to directly address leaders in the field of climate change.

Diving has always been a defining element of Professor Chris Howarth’s life – in fact, it was what first brought him to the UAE three decades ago. These uni emirat arab, however, he dives into the uni emirat arab of research, rather than oceans – research which aims to unlock new discoveries surrounding critical health issues. Now based in the Department of Physiology of the College of Medicine and Health Sciences at United Arab Emirates University, Chris amassed an entirely different set of life experiences before entering academia and science.

His previous career was in the commercial diving industry, where he spent much of the 1980s after completing his training in the UK coastal town of Plymouth, and which gave him his initial taste of life in the Middle East. Having taken up a role as a manager for a commercial diving company in Abu Dhabi, Chris became well acquainted with life beneath the waves in the offshore oilfields of the Arabian Gulf.

However, toward the end of the 1980s, he decided the time was right for a career change, returning to his home country of the UK and obtaining a Bachelor of Science degree, with first-class honors, in physiology and biochemistry, a PhD in Cardiac Physiology (supported by a Prize Studentship from the British Heart Foundation), and two postdocs from the University of Bristol and the University of Leeds.

And his relationship with the UAE was rekindled in 1998 when he took up the position of Assistant Professor in UAEU’s Department of Physiology, being promoted to Associate Professor in 2003 and Professor in 2008, while also serving as the Chair of the Department from 2012-2016.

For more than 15 years, a key focus of Chris’ laboratory has been understanding the cellular basis of electrical and mechanical defects in the diabetic heart. This focus has two strands: the effect of diabetes on the generation and conduction of electrical signals; and the effect of the disease on cardiac muscle function.

The heart’s electrical and mechanical function is often compromised by diabetes - one of the most serious national, regional, and global health issues, estimated to affect 415 million adults in 2015, and predicted to affect 642 million by 2040.

Over a million diabetes cases were uni emirat arab in the UAE in 2015, and cardiovascular disease represents the major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with the condition. The research that Chris uni emirat arab his lab have conducted in the field of diabetes has led to collaborations with a string of international universities, including the University of Bristol, the University of Central Lancashire, the University of Dublin, the University of Leeds, and the University of Manchester.

Chris’ work has been supported by more than 40 national and international grants and generated more than 100 original articles and book chapters, while he has supervised many undergraduate and postgraduate MSc and PhD student projects. Chris has also received numerous awards for his research, including the Sheikh Hamdan Award for Medical Sciences (2002), the Merit Award for Contribution uni emirat arab Student Development (2006), the Dean’s Recognition Award for Distinguished Services to Student Research (2006), UAEU’s Best Interdisciplinary Project Award and Best Individual Project Award (2008), the FMHS Distinguished Research Award (2009 and 2010), and the Best Course and Excellence in Department Uni emirat arab Award (2014 and 2015).

Away from the laboratory, Chris, a father-of-three who is married to wife Brigitte, an Associate Professor in the Department of Life Sciences at Zayed University, Dubai Campus, still dives occasionally for fun.

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He also enjoys training in the gym and swimming. From pioneering new technology to publishing insightful research publications for academic journals, Dr Fady Saeed Alnajjar’s work on human behavior analysis and robotics is revered the world over. Since joining UAEU in January 2016 the assistant professor of artificial intelligence and robotics in the department of Computer Science and Software Engineering at United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) has published more than 50 research papers and worked on countless collaborative projects uni emirat arab push the boundaries of science and technology.

Passionate about developing advanced and smart technologies to enhance peoples’ quality of life, Dr Fady’s research insightfully explores, among other theories, autonomous machines, neural computational approaches, adaptive controllers, learning and memory, behavior adaptation and recovery, artificial cognition, robotics, and neuro-rehabilitation.

His specialist areas, meanwhile, range from neural dynamics to motor learning and memory. Notable collaborations for the assistant professor include his partnership with Al Ain Hospital, a project that examined the autism spectrum and learning disorders uni emirat arab, and Abu Dhabi Police, a project for which the assistant professor is building a bomb disposal avatar robot.

Dr Fady’s reach also extends overseas. The robotics enthusiast is currently working with the University of Michigan in the US and Nagoya University in Japan to build a prosthetic arm. Additionally, he regularly visits the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan to further his research into post-stroke assessment tools and rehabilitation systems and is also partnering with the Faculty of Engineering and IT at the University of Technology in Sydney on the development of a self-rehabilitation tool for stroke patients.

Aside from being an assistant professor at UAEU’s College of IT, Dr Fady is a member of the European 5 Years Project entitled Smart Wearable Robot With Bioinspired Sensory-Motor Skillsas well as the Japan Neuroscience Society (JNS), the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society UAE Chapter and the IEEE Computational Intelligence Society.

Outside the classroom the UAE-born scientist, who spent a number of years living in Japan before returning to the Emirates, enjoys camping, swimming and aikido. The robotics and media laboratory at United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) is where you will find Dr Jose Berengueres connecting art with state-of-the-art. As Assistant Professor at UAEU’s IT College, the Barcelona native with a PhD in bio-inspired robotics is seeking to bridge the supposed gap between art and technology by demonstrating how they intertwine and open up new horizons, and inspiring students to uni emirat arab technical and mechanical work with allowing their imagination to flow freely.

Projects in the lab that Dr Berengueres leads are focused on four areas – art and tech, creativity research, data science research, and robotics research – and activities range from crunching numbers to encouraging recycling to building a camel-sized robot that react to students according to its mood. It’s a diverse environment, and one that reflects the world’s unfolding path, as Dr Berengueres, who also holds a Masters in Electrical Engineering, explains. “I believe in mixing art with technology – without doing this, you are missing out not only on a lot of fun, but a lot of meaningful research,” he says “Pixar created hit movies and hundreds of highly-skilled jobs, but also pushed the technical boundaries of how computers could entertain humans.

The graphic cards developed for 3D gaming have made things like the Tesla autopilot self-driving car possible. And in our lab, we are using ‘nerdy’ gaming devices for research on a new AI field called deep neural networks – because it’s the only way to do this research. “We have also developed the Artistic Robot, a graffiti-making robot that produces paintings in the style of Jackson Pollock and which we see as an augmented brush for uni emirat arab. All of this shows how, at the IT College, we love to combine art and technology.” This approach is also having a big, visible impact on UAEU life.

Students have used 360-degree cameras to showcase the campus to visitors in an innovative, immersive way, and created a “smart bin” that smiles at and thanks those using it – the result being that recycling rates soared by 300%. This commitment to creativity extends into Design Thinking, an increasingly popular course within and beyond UAEU.

“It is a thinking framework that enables teams of people to be more creative – what we call ‘group IQ’,” said Dr Berengueres, who has taught Design Thinking and Business Models Innovation in Dubai, California, Germany, uni emirat arab Mexico. “We realized there were no really good textbooks available to teach it, so – with input from students – we published an e-book called ‘The Brown Book of Design Thinking’, one of the first textbooks tailored to undergraduate students.

It led to me giving workshops around the world, and writing ‘Sketch Thinking’ [an Amazon top 100 creativity bestseller], which is used to teach how to quickly sketch ideas. We’re currently researching how the layout of meetings influences the ‘group IQ’.” The lab’s dedication to data science has seen it collaborate with Etihad on a project to predict which customers will eventually become gold members; with Singapore-based Healint LLC, maker of migraine-coping app MigraineBuddy, on a model to gauge when the condition will strike and how environmental elements such as pollution affect migraine rates; and uni emirat arab HappyForce, a Barcelona startup, on a tool for predicting the likelihood of employees quitting, allowing companies to address the situation.

A specific research group has also been formed to tackle the task of making large amounts of data make sense. “Academically and professionally, this is an expanding field, for two reasons – new algorithms and faster computers,” outlined Dr Berengueres.

“Our group helps researchers with data they do not necessarily know how to model, with the goal being to streamline computing procedures in order to conduct research faster and with more impact.” Another burgeoning global field – robotics – is also a core element of life in the lab, through its research into human-robot interaction.

“It’s a mix of user experience, psychology, and robotics itself,” says Dr Berengueres. As part of a joint collaboration with Sendai University, we are now building something that has never been built before: a robot with a superhuman sense of touch. Imagine a robot that can tell if you have fever or malaria just by shaking your hand, for example. Robots can be scary sometimes, but the goal of robotics is to make life better for humans.” Outside the lab and into the community, Dr Berengueres is a sharer of knowledge, insight, and experience.

An ex-entrepreneur himself, he says: “I mentor future entrepreneurs at StartUp Weekend Dubai, GEMS Academy events, or by teaching a workshop at places like FabLab, and I also founded the Dubai Design Thinking Meetup as a way of discussing current trends.

“A duty of every faculty is to give back to society in the form of uni emirat arab. For me, this is a particularly rewarding way of giving back.” An inspiring professor full of many achievements Badreya Al-Jenaibi is a full-time professor in Mass Communications at the United Arab Emirates University. She gained a Ph.D in Public Relations and Mass Communication from the University of North Dakota (USA) in 2008.

Previously she received a Master’s of Art in Mass Communications from the University of Northern Iowa (also in the USA in 2004). In addition, she won the H.H. Mohammed Bin Zayed Award for outstanding students. Her research interests include pedagogy, international communications and public relations, as well as the effects of both mass media and new media. She has published 43 articles in peer-reviewed journals in a variety of countries (USA, Canada, England, etc.) Theses publications include the Journal of Applied Journalism and Media Studies, the International Journal of Information Systems and Social Change, the International Journal of E-adoption, the Global Media Journal and the Journal for Communication and Culture.

She is a member of the editorial board for a total of 18 peer-reviewed journals. Professor Al-Jenaibi has received 24 local and international awards.

These include the H.H. Hamdan Bin Rashed Al Maktoum Award for best teacher in the UAE in 2017; the Khalifa Award for best professor in the UAE and Arab region. She has also been the recipient of the Best Teacher Award at UAEU and the H.H. Shamsa Bint Sohail Uni emirat arab for the most creative teacher. Additionally, Professor Al-Jenaibi has been judged as an Outstanding Woman Achiever in Mass Communications and Teaching.Other awards include the H.H. Hamdan Bin Mubarak Award for the best employee in a highly specialized jobs (academic level).

Locally, she has won the UAEU Community Service Employee Prize as well as being the most active professor in terms of publication. This is in line with winning her college’s award for research and publishing and the Rashid Award for Academic Excellence. She is founder and voluntary director of the Mubadrah Student Community Engagement Center, which works with 114 local organizations.

She is also heavily involved in charity campaigns, fundraising, uni emirat arab exhibitions and in working with local organizations. One of her initiatives was the ‘Let's Read, Volunteer and Innovate’ Program. Professor Al-Jenaibi has attended more than 33 conferences and taught on 27 different courses. Her teaching philosophy is innovative and she is always keen to develop her teaching skills.

She likes to travel and took a sabbatical from 2014 to 2015, to go to Beijing, China. Her uni emirat arab hobbies include drawing. Dr Abdul Karim Khan was born and raised in Pakistan. He completed a Ph.D in Organizational Behavior at the Aix-Marseille Graduate School of Management, France.

Prior to joining the United Arab Emirates Uni emirat arab, he worked at Lahore University of Management Sciences for four years, where he headed the Ph.D in Management Program. During his stay in France, he also taught at the EMLyon Business School.

Dr Khan has a keen interest in analyzing employee behavior issues in an organizational context. He is specifically interested in understanding why high performers are abused and psychological interventions that can reduce non-supportive leadership behavior.

Other areas of interest are the role of emotions in the workplace and workplace justice. His recent work on the abuse of high performers appeared in the Journal of Management, the number one peer-reviewed journal in the field of Management Studies. Since joining UAEU in January 2015, Dr. Khan has published more than 25 research papers in reputed impact-factor journals.

He has been working on many joint projects with colleagues from around the world. One of his papers won the award for best paper award at 2015 Academy of Management Annual Meeting. Dr Khan won college award in research and scholarship for year 2019. Uni emirat arab is also recipient of university awards for publishing in top journals. Dr Khan is a regular presenter at the Academy of Management Annual Meeting. He first presented a paper there in 2009.

He has also been invited to a variety of international forums as a keynote or plenary speaker. Dr. Khan currently looks after the DBA program as DBA coordinator. He has so far supervised ten DBA students who successfully defended their dissertations. Dr. Khan and his North American colleagues recently (in partnership with EMAAR) designed and tested psychological interventions that sought to reduce non-supportive managerial behavior. This study uni emirat arab nearly finished and promises actionable implications for both EMAAR and the wider academic community.

Outside of the classroom, Dr. Khan enjoys travelling, reading and taking part in professional conferences and other forums. Helping the legal experts of the future mark out their path In his spare time, Dr Abdulla Al-Khatib uni emirat arab to draw. When he is at the United Arab Emirates University (UAEU), his students prefer to draw on his experience and expertise.

As Associate Professor of Civil Procedures at the UAEU, Dr Al-Khatib is focused on cultivating the knowledge and nurturing the skills of young people who represent the nation’s next wave of legal professionals, combining his academic tutelage with coordinating their professional development by placing them with law firms in order to complete their training.

Meanwhile, he also applies his legal prowess – honed over many years of study and work in the sector – to his role of Director of the Legal Clinic at the UAEU, where he provides pro bono consultancy services and works with the university’s Human Resources department to steer the institution through legal issues that arise.

His life in law has come full circle, as it was at the UAEU where it all began. Graduating as a Bachelor of Law in 2000 after four years of study, he went on to undertake his Master of Laws (LLM) degree at Tulane University in New Orleans, subsequently also gaining a Ph.D.

in Law from the Louisiana institution. Dr Al-Khatib cut his teeth in the legal sector by training as a lawyer at a Dubai-based firm, where he wrote memos and pleas to courts and other institutions, liaised with clients, negotiated contracts, and conducted other pivotal official matters. But the pull of academia brought him back to the UAEU, where – after publishing many legal articles in high-ranking academic journals – he was promoted from Assistant Professor to Associate Professor in 2016, his personal career highlight to date.

Since returning to the UAEU, he has been awarded the university’s Dean’s Award for Excellence in Teaching Award in 2016, and its Dean’s Award for Excellence in Community Service for the 2016/17 academic year. The latter accolade is presented to the faculty member who has made “the most outstanding contribution to the university and the community”, with Dr Al-Khatib being named as its most recent recipient due to his “remarkable contribution” to the UAEU’s College of Law, including serving on many high-level legal committees and providing invaluable advice in his areas of specialization.

Dr Al-Khatib takes inspiration for his dedication and work ethic from His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al-Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai.

Away from the UAEU, he enjoys spending time with his wife and five children, Mira, Reem, Abdulrahman, Juri and Jood, and practicing Arabic calligraphy, as well as his fondness for drawing. Dr. Jinan Bastaki is a UAE national and a graduate of the London School of Economics (LLB ), the University of California at Berkeley (LLM), and SOAS (Ph.D).

Dr. Bastaki joined the Law Faculty as assistant professor of International Law in 2017. Her Ph.D thesis focused on refugees and their right of return. She has presented in many international conferences on the topic of refugees and refugee law and has been invited to take part in panel discussions on the rights of refugees in certain parts of the world.

Jinan has volunteered in refugee camps in Jordan and Greece. While her basic foundation is in International Law, her work is multidisciplinary. She is interested in people, particularly in how to increase the visibility of groups not generally recognized under existing legal or political categories.

She seeks to challenge these traditional legal categories that have created an unjust ‘hierarchy of rights’. She has conducted interviews with diaspora communities and refugees and aims to publish her findings. She adds that for her Ph.D thesis she, “interviewed displaced people who were not recognized legally as ‘refugees’, even though they had suffered the same displacement as refugees and were unable to return home.

Their lack or recognition essentially ‘erased’ their narrative as displaced people.” Her current work focuses on how to better international refugee law to cope with many current challenges: such as a large influx of refugees that uni emirat arab not adequately covered by the 1951 Refugee Convention. Her paper for an upcoming international conference in the US focuses on faith-based principles as a regional standard to encourage states to do more to support refugee communities. In her free time she likes to relax in coffee shops wherever her travels happen to take her.

Removing the Boundary Between Student and Professor “Working with the students. That’s the best part of the job,” explains Dr. Karim El-Basyouny, speaking about his position as associate professor in the University of Alberta’s (UofA) Civil and Environmental Engineering Department.

“Knowing that at some point in their graduate studies, I helped them discover their true passion and professional identity that will shape their future career.” And his dedication to his work is evident by the achievements of both himself and his students in the field of transportation engineering. An authoritative researcher, respected member of UofA faculty, the inaugural City of Edmonton Research Chair in Urban Traffic Safety, and a founding member of the Centre for Smart Transportation, surprisingly, Karim did not intend to become an academic when he began his Bachelor’s degree in Civil and Environmental Engineering at United Arab Emirates University (UAEU).

“Coming into the university I never thought of myself as someone with a future in academia,” he explains, and instead he intended to go into the work force after graduation. But his success as an undergraduate produced unexpected opportunities. “The university changed my outlook. It was studying, interacting with the professors, and achieving academic success that gave me the motivation to pursue graduate studies.” In 2003, after graduating from UAEU with distinction, Karim spent time working as a university research assistant, investigating the environmental regulations, impact on health and environment, and available methods for calculating fugitive dust externalities, before moving onto graduate studies.

Unbeknownst to him at the time, aspects of this work were preparing him, in part, for his eventual career. “The research process especially paper and grant writing were things that came naturally to me because I had a lot of training,” he says, speaking of both his time at UAEU and his professors with respect and appreciation.

“I think having access to those individuals, uni emirat arab their expertise really helped.” In 2004, Karim moved to Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, to begin a Masters of Applied Science and subsequent doctoral degree at the University of British Columbia (UBC).

He attributes his time at UAEU for affecting this decision. “The UAE is known for its cultural diversity, which I was exposed to at a very young age. While searching for places to conduct my postgraduate degree, I wanted to continue living in a country that offered the same type of cultural acceptance. That led to my decision to study and subsequently live in Canada.” And although graduate studies alone bring their own difficulties, moving from the United Arab Emirates to Canada—away from his family and community—introduced an additional set of complications.

“I uni emirat arab there is always a challenge associated with moving to a new place. So moving to Canada and pursing a graduate degree away from my uni emirat arab was something that took getting used to, but once I adjusted I found that my transition was seamless,” he explains. “The UAE is very multicultural. Coming to Canada it felt almost the same. Growing up in the UAE, I was used to living in a diverse community with people from different backgrounds.

And I felt that was something that really helped.” But going to a new place, with a foreign culture is always challenging, and some students—even those whose academics put them at the top of their classes— sometimes cannot get past these challenges.” Karim describes his first six to seven months alone, “trying to meet people, along with studying and taking graduate courses.

It was a tough start. But I think … going back to the culture of the UAE, and the fact that I’ve always been around international students from everywhere around the world, even at the university. That really helped.” His resilience and perseverance paid off and in 2011 he graduated from UBC with a Ph.D. “And even despite that, I never thought I would be an academic,” Karim laughs. So, as originally planned, he went into the workforce, which brought more relocation: a move to Alberta to work with the City of Edmonton.

A complex role, it called on much of the knowledge he had acquired throughout his years of study, including the solid foundation he attributes to those first years at the UAEU. It was after uni emirat arab a year of working with the city that Karim began to realize he preferred the kind of freedom that comes with a career as an academic, “More control over my time. And more control to work on projects that interested me.” And it was around then that he joined the University of Alberta as a member of the faculty.

“The first year was me trying to figure my way through the job. There was a lot to learn” he describes with a relaxed sureness. But in time, the work he was putting in became evident as the number of students registering in transportation classes began to rise from an average of 20-30 to 40-50.

And around 2017 he was promoted to associate professor and given tenure. “It’s been a very rewarding journey working with the people. Launching careers of individuals. Either in the Masters or though PhDs. Seeing them get hired the in industry, or with the government. I draw a lot of inspiration from that.” He pauses a moment, “And my colleagues. They are wonderful people to be around.

The environment is very healthy. We all get along and have very high regard for each other.” Karim also compares this to his time in undergraduate studies. “That is another thing I noticed about the UAEU.

They were a solid and cohesive faculty.” Despite his achievements, Karim has at least one more milestone to reach in the foreseeable future, “Getting to professorship. Once I’m past professorship, it might be a good time to reevaluate and see where things are going to go.” Karim sees the core work he does as a professor for the university continuing—working with the students and his colleagues, and publishing papers. But he also recognizes a distinct place for his research in practical applications.

“Not everybody gets a chance to do work that can have an applied appeal to it. I feel this is something I might be interested in pursuing in the future.” When asked if uni emirat arab had a piece of advice for current and future students, he emphasized the value of the relationships, “The Engineering Faculty members at UAEU are among the world's most talented academics.

They come from diverse backgrounds and they are graduates of some of the top engineering schools in the world. Getting to know the professors helped remove that imaginary student/teacher boundary that resulted in long-term friendships while kick-starting my graduate degree.

It was through my professors that I made contacts in both US and Canadian Universities that facilitated my transition to start my post-graduate degrees.” Engineer by Day & Researcher by Night Shewkar Elbassiouni Ibrahim graduated with the highest honours from the Civil Engineering Department at United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) in 2008.

“I remember my days at the UAEU very fondly,” says Shewkar. It was an excellent start for her both academically, and professionally. While she attributes her success to many different factors, the UAEU played an important role. From the level of education and training she received to the very advanced facilities that were available at the UAEU, Shewkar is very proud of her alma mater. When she was pursuing her undergraduate degree, Shewkar took a few courses in the field of Transportation Engineering, and that is when she discovered her passion for this field.

What piqued her interest was how much room there was for innovation and creativity in Transportation Engineering. This became even more evident when she completed her internship at the Roadway, Transportation, Traffic & Safety Research Center under Prof.

Yasser Hawas’s supervision. “If you think about it, we all participate in the road network because we either walk, drive or bike to get to work or to return home,” says Shewkar, “for this reason, we need to ensure that this road network is safe for everyone.” After graduating from UAEU in uni emirat arab, Shewkar moved uni emirat arab Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada to pursue her Master of Applied Science degree in traffic safety at the University of British Columbia (UBC).

Shewkar did remarkably well in all of her classes and is grateful to her professors at her alma mater for having prepared her for this new step. “The level of education that we receive at the UAEU is world class,” says Shewkar.

The faculty is very well-trained and holds degrees from the best universities in the world; they also continue to contribute through the research they conduct at UAEU as well as continue to mould the new generation of graduates to help prepare them for life after university. After graduating and obtaining her MASc, Shewkar moved to Edmonton, Alberta, to work as a Speed Management Analyst at the City of Edmonton’s Office of Traffic Safety.

This was one of the only municipal offices that targets and focuses on traffic safety at the time and she was excited to get started! Soon after, Shewkar moved into a new role as a Traffic Safety Engineer where she focused on improving safety in the areas of speed management, traffic engineering, transportation planning, as well as geometric design.

During this time, Shewkar then decided to pursue her Doctor of Philosophy degree in the same field (i.e., traffic safety). “I thought it was important that research is conducted with the industry’s need in mind,” says Shewkar. She clarifies: “it’s essential that the outcome of this research actually helps benefit road safety agencies specifically, and societies overall.” Even though she was warned about the challenges of working and studying simultaneously, Shewkar decided to embark on this journey anyway.

“Engineer by day and researcher by night is how I often refer to this stage of my career,” says Shewkar while laughing.

In 2014, Shewkar started working on the City of Edmonton’s Vision Zero Road Safety Strategy. Vision Zero is the goal of eliminating all fatalities and serious injuries as a result of a motor vehicle collisions, “it’s the noblest of goals, essentially, I uni emirat arab working on saving lives,” says Shewkar.

She developed the strategy based on a number of different initiatives such as engineering programs, enforcement activities, education campaigns, road user behaviour, as well as new initiatives which look at using innovative approaches to improve traffic safety. “I was working late in my office one night dealing with a stubborn visual basic macro in Excel, and it reminded me of the late nights I spent working on a code that I created for my graduation project at UAEU,” says Shewkar. She continues, “I was first introduced to developing macros for processing of large datasets at UAEU, and it is a skill I continue to work on, albeit with different programming languages now.” In 2015, the City of Edmonton became the first major Canadian City of officially adopt Vision Zero, “it felt like a triumphant success, and I remember taking a deep sigh of relief,” she said.

One of the skillsets that she had an opportunity to practice and hone during her undergraduate degree was giving presentations. “We had to give a presentation at least once during a course at UAEU, if not multiple times,” recalls Shewkar. She remembers her professors stressing the significance of being able to communicate your message, uni emirat arab can only take you so far in life” but being able to eloquently share your message and deconstruct it into manageable and easy to understand pieces is instrumental.

Over her career, Shewkar has given presentations at national, and international conferences. She has also given presentations to Council, Council Committees, international organizations, Uni emirat arab & Learn Sessions, uni emirat arab lectures as well as taught several classes at the University of Alberta.

However, her UAEU professors also inadvertently helped Shewkar develop another skillset. “I remember when Prof. Mohsen Sherif and Dr. Ashraf Biddah asked me to emcee a one-day workshop at the UAEU,” said Shewkar.

She remembers being quite nervous as she had never been a master of ceremonies before. Shewkar laughs and says: “little did I know that this was uni emirat arab to be the start of a new trend in my life.” Shewkar has participated in the organization of many conferences in the past eleven years.

In 2009, while she was the president of the UBC Institute of Transportation Engineers Student Chapter, Shewkar organized one of the most successful Industry Nights. This was a conference where members of the industry were invited for a showcase by Transportation Engineering students.

It was a great opportunity for the students to market themselves to their potential employers, and also a wonderful opportunity to strengthen university-industry relationships. More recently, in 2016, Shewkar emceed the International Conference on Transportation Innovation, which saw the launch of the first test-bed for connected vehicles in Canada.

Shewkar was also the principal chair in organizing the 10th Annual International Conference on Urban Traffic Safety in Edmonton, Alberta in 2018.

In addition to organizing and hosting this conference, Shewkar also participated in emceeing and introducing the keynote speakers who attended the conference from all around the world. In her opinion, Shewkar thinks that a university does not only help prepare students academically for life after graduation, but it also teaches them different skills sets. Not only was the level of education superior at the UAEU, but after having studied abroad, Shewkar was impressed with how UAEU was leading in incorporating technology during the learning process.

“When I first moved to Canada, one of the things that I noticed was how adept the UAEU graduates were at using technology without any concern or hesitation,” said Shewkar. As a result, uni emirat arab UAEU graduates are very comfortable incorporating new technology (e.g., smart boards at the time), and software into their careers, which sets them apart from the rest of the employment population.

“The facilities that we had at our disposal including buildings, labs, computers and so on, are unmatched,” emphasizes Shewkar. When asked about her advice to graduating students, Shewkar said: “our lives are a culmination of our experiences, so take advantage of every opportunity that is made available to you.” Some people know exactly what it is they want out of life, but Shewkar says that she was not one of those people, rather, she just worked hard, applied her knowledge, kept an open mind and took advantage of all opportunities that came her way.

“The most important piece of advice I can give you is to find a cause you believe in, work hard, be curious, ask questions, and the rest will take care of itself, good luck!” After working for the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) for 24 years and moving to the utilities sector, Mohammed Al Dhaheri was looking for a graduate program that was both local and of practical nature.

With a number of PhD programs flooding the higher education market, he felt it was not the path he wished to follow. “I wanted something which will add value to what I am doing and will give me an opportunity to explore and build on my experience,” said Al Dhaheri, who was born in Al Ain. “The DBA program at the United Arab Emirates University is part time, which was a must for me, as any program abroad requires you to almost be full time.” As part of the program’s first cohort, which graduated in May 2016, he chose to follow the DBA route, which was local, practical and part time.

“I was very pleased to see this DBA offered by our national university,” he said. “I rushed to apply, and the program was so serious from the beginning. The selection, to the program itself, was thorough, and it was really quite a demanding one which needed commitment and patience, especially for a working individual.” He was particularly pleased with the choice of topic, which he says, “makes or uni emirat arab such a graduate research journey.

“If you choose something you’re not really passionate about, or if you’re not really eager to research and it means something to you, then with the challenges one would face, you could easily find yourself quitting,” he said. “My topic was the effectiveness of EPC, which is engineering procurement construction in major projects in Abu Dhabi’s oil and gas sector from an end-user perspective.

From my experience in operations at ADNOC, we were the end-users who looked after operating and maintaining these facilities.” Later on, he became Projects Director, managing projects in terms of their delivery. There, he attempted to test and verify the effectiveness of this type of major projects’ model for the end-user.

“Globally, there is always a compromise, and a push-and-pull between these two teams resembling project success and product success,” Al Dhaheri uni emirat arab.

“The project manager wants to finish on time and save money to move to another project, but the end-user will endeavor to get best machinery and maintenance without poor access, as he is the one who will live with that. I’ve seen many cases where the end-user would try to push his cause in trying to get something modified or improved in certain parts of the project, but the project manager would insist that it’s not in the scope and would delay the project.” Such major projects take years, as technology evolves, rendering some equipment, at commissioning, almost obsolete.

“You have to exactly know what you want in these EPC projects,” he added. “I pointed out how to deal with these issues later on.” Al Dhaheri moved to the Abu Dhabi Department of Energy, under which the Abu Dhabi Electricity and Water Authority (ADWEA) was merged.

Since June 2011, he has been serving as Senior Adviser to uni emirat arab Undersecretary and Chairman of the Al Ain Distribution Company, which provides utility services to Al Ain. He is also the Uni emirat arab of the Independent Sewage Treatment Plant 2, where sewage from Al Ain and Abu Dhabi is treated to purify water. The program greatly helped further his profession. “I am really pleased with the program,” he concluded.

“The university invited me to become a member of the advisory board of the college and I am honored because this is an opportunity to loop the information we got from our experience into the program for improvements.” DBA programme opened new doors for prominent financial researcher For Dr Safa Maatouq Al Mohana, the DBA programme at the United Arab Emirates University has opened a number of vital doors.

The Head of Financial Projects and Compliance at the prestigious Abu Dhabi Media Company has allowed her to reach her full potential as a researcher. “The programme was great in that it helped set me up to address business issues through a powerful research process,” she said. “It helped me considerably in expanding my expert system and creating my educational expertise, while upgrading my examinations and presentation abilities through its extremely compact and compelling lectures.” Dr Al Mohana graduated from the programme in November 2015, running in parallel to her 19 years at the company as Head of Investment.

“I believe that I selected the United Arab Emirates University to study due to the distinguished faculty members and the high-quality standard of education,” she said. “In my current job, the course was able to open doors for me to propose innovative ideas for the company.

It also helped me better understand management principles and learn how to combine management practices with advanced business theories.” Dr Al Mohana, who is originally from Abu Dhabi, was especially thankful in the way the programme allowed her to develop her research, which extended through the stock markets in Abu Dhabi and Dubai, investigating the degree of integration between domestic stock markets of the UAE, and integration with global stock markets.

The research came uni emirat arab as the first of its kind in the sector. “I was interested in the topic initially due to the importance of the financial crisis which occurred in 2008,” she explained. “It raised the importance of this kind of study, which I think is the importance of know-of techniques and studying the challenges that may occur in the coming years.” She called the DBA uni emirat arab “excellent”, as it prepares participants to address business problems through an effective research process.

“I advise anyone who plans to take on post-graduate studies to enroll in the programme,” she said. “This is the best programme that helps a lot in widening your professional network and develops personal intellect and practical skills, while enhancing research and presentation skills.” Although her interest in finance dates back to her early days, she never imagined she would end up in the position she is in today. “I am focusing on some areas of finance, such as financial markets,” Dr Al Mohana said.

“My Master’s degree was in the same field and my thesis was on the financial market but, more specifically, to evaluate the performance of selected sectors of the Abu Dhabi market using financial techniques.” She feels the skills and qualifications she acquired have now surpassed her current position.

“I have to move to another dynamic environment,” she said. “I want to utilise my skills, my knowledge and my competencies. Ultimately, I would like to become a minister related to finance and economics – nothing is impossible, we just have to pray and God will help us.” DBA graduate uni emirat arab to improve organizational learning in Abu Dhabi healthcare sector When Nadia Al Jaberi graduated from the DBA program at the United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) in April this year, her goal was to improve organizational learning in the field of healthcare.

Ms Al Jaberi has been working in strategic planning at the Abu Dhabi Health Authority (SEHA) for the past nine years, including seven years at Al Ain Hospital and two years at Tawam Hospital. She became interested in the program as it related to applied business. “It’s not like a PhD,” she said. “It was more related to my work and more beneficial to my career. The main idea of doing a doctorate thesis is that you discover a practical problem in your workplace, and you do research and align it with literature, before merging it with the academic and the managerial or practical application.” In her case, the research was focused on the impact of leadership styles on organizational learning.

The context of her research was healthcare entities under the Abu Dhabi Health Authority (SEHA) in the Al Ain region, more specifically Al Ain Hospital, Tawan Hospital and the Ambulatory healthcare services. “The result of the research provided a lot of managerial implications for my employer, which is healthcare,” she said.

“In the last 15 years, the Health Authority – Abu Dhabi has seen a rapid change in terms of their leadership and management, which caused a lot of learning frustration between employees, as everyone had different strategies.

So my aim was to find the strategies to improve organizational learning, even if leadership styles change – we need to find uni emirat arab direction for this change.” Having uni emirat arab acquired both a Bachelor degree and an MBA at UAEU in business management, she chose the DBA path for practical purposes and career improvement.

“My research objective was to find an effective framework showing the impact of leadership styles on organizational learning through aligning the individual level with the organization’s level,” Ms Al Jaberi said.

“We have a template to do any research – you need to start with an idea and have literature, uni emirat arab the most difficult part was to align my idea and work problem with strong literature. Even if you have an idea, you need literature to build on this work.” After pinpointing a number of ideas, she discovered that organizational learning was too wide a definition. “Having one set of organizational learning is so difficult,” she explained.

“The most difficult part was to narrow down my idea and to have a strong basis of literature review related to our governmental strategy and uni emirat arab career problem that I found. When I narrowed down my problem, I successfully found a strong basis of literature and proposed my research hypothesis.” When she first started out her career at the Health Authority – Abu Dhabi, she never imagined she would reach such a high level later on.

“I was in charge of the outpatient clinic at Al Ain Hospital and, seven years later, I decided that I needed to change my career path,” she said. “So I transferred to the Strategic Planning and Performance Management Section at Tawam Hospital two years ago because I saw it was more of a corporate level and you can see the big uni emirat arab of all operations, strategies, clinical, human resources, and everything.

It helped me a lot in my research.” Her ultimate goal is to help in changing some of the strategies from the perspective of decision-makers, human resource and policy-makers, in terms of initiating strategies to improve organizational learning, and having effective leadership as well as academics.

“I just started giving uni emirat arab part-time lecture to uni emirat arab my academic uni emirat arab Ms Al Jaberi said. “At my job, they have trainers from within the employees, so I am preparing material regarding management change effect or impact, and I can give any subject related to business management because it’s my major.” She also plans to work on an extension of her research with one of her DBA colleagues.

“I would highly recommend this program, especially for the senior level and leaders, because it broadens their mind and strengthens their decision-making skills and analytical skills,” she said. “It also improves their personality in a way that they become more analytical, wiser, and display more uni emirat arab thinking.” United Arab Emirates graduate to change the face of cultural tourism in the UAE Dr Yousif Alobaidli is one the most prominent figures in cultural tourism in the UAE.

As the General Director of the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque Centre in Abu Dhabi and the Director General of the Founder’s Memorial for the late Sheikh Zayed, founding uni emirat arab of the UAE, Dr Alobaidli has been working arduously to put his country’s culture on the global map. “We want to have a unique example by presenting tourism in the UAE, which has a very unique cultural aspect that will distinguish Abu Dhabi and the country in general from other destinations,” he said.

“By focusing on this and enhancing cultural tourism, the economy of Abu Dhabi and the UAE will be further diversified and enhanced.” HE Dr Alobaidli, who was born in Abu Dhabi, found his passion during his Doctorate of Business Administration (DBA) at the United Arab Emirates University.

His five uni emirat arab studying covered a variety of topics, from business administration and innovation, to change management, human resource investment and corporate social responsibility.

That laid the foundation for his thesis on cultural tourism in the UAE, with a focus on hiring and retaining Emiratis as tour guides. “The UAE and Abu Dhabi, in particular, is focusing on this sector,” he said.

“With Saadiyat Island being developed as a Cultural District in Abu Dhabi, it now hosts the Louvre Museum and many other projects are in the pipeline. This will add to the existing assets, such as the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, one of the most popular attractions in the world, which was nominated second best landmark in the world according to TripAdvisor in 2017.” His time at the university, from which he graduated in November 2017, proved vital in supporting his role in this sector.

“The programme is very well renowned, especially in the UAE,” he said. “It has a very high standard and the DBA is very practical as it covers almost all topics in Business.

What’s good about it is that, when you conduct your thesis, it has to relate to something practical, so you’re tackling a practical issue within your field.” He said that helped improve not only his academic side, but it also helped develop in him a deeper understanding of the field he specialised uni emirat arab.

“Personally, Uni emirat arab have an interest in matters related to culture and my background is related to developing new organisations, particularly businesses that focus on cultural tourism and visitor experience,” said Dr Alobaidli. “It’s important to keep the UAE’s culture alive.” Upon his graduation, he further delved into the field, managing crucial cultural destinations across Abu Dhabi, under the umbrella of the Ministry of Presidential Affairs.

“Thanks to my specialisation in managing cultural tourism entities, and my study with a focus on engaging Emiratis to participate and contribute to this important sector and make it more sustainable, my contribution and my study helped me enhance this aspect,” he said.

“We’ve achieved great progress in this regard and are going to achieve more.” His main drive is to build a model for managing cultural tourism that is sustainable and utilises national assets, as well as Emirati human resources, which will help in turn to diversify the UAE’s economy away from the oil sector. This is aligned with Abu Dhabi’s 2030 Vision. “It’s really important because, for the UAE to have a more sustainable income and future, it has to diversify its economy and utlise all national assets, including Emirati youth,” he added.

“One of the most significant elements globally, based on WTTC, shows that tourism is the largest sector that hires people, creates jobs and it is one of the sectors that has a great effect on other sectors of the economy, including transportation, travel and the hospitality industry. This sector is expected to grow faster than the wider economy and many other industries over the next decade and it is anticipated to support over 370 million jobs by 2016.” He said the UAE had the necessary assets to invest in tourism, in particular in cultural tourism.

“My job is to help put the UAE on the global map,” he said. “The country has so much to offer and it’s time for uni emirat arab around the world to pay closer attention to that – this sector will truly be a game-changer in the future.” Maryam Al-Kuwaiti is listed as one of the most influential women in 3D printing. The 25-year-old engineer played an important and integral role in the development and realization of the United Arab Emirates’ first 3D printed aircraft interior components.

The female engineer has been recognized as a pioneer in the Uni emirat arab additive manufacturing aerospace initiative. More specifically, Al-Kiwaiti works for Strata Manufacturing PJSC’s joint initiative with Siemens and Etihad Airways which is aimed at producing 3D printed aircraft parts.

Her background includes a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from the UAE University, internships at the University of Oxford, California-based GlobalFoundries, and at the Airbus base in Toulouse, France.

As a prominent female engineer in the UAE’s aerospace industry, Al-Kiwaiti is hoping to inspire more women in the country, as well as across the Middle East to take on positions in engineering, 3D printing, and aerospace.

“I would encourage Emirati females to apply for jobs in this industry because the world is moving toward a Fourth Industrial Revolution – or Industry 4.0 – and this is leading to breakthroughs in advanced manufacturing and creating ‘smart factories’, where people and machines work together seamlessly.

“The UAE plans to be a big player in Industry 4.0, so there is, and will be, a need for engineers and people with the necessary vocational skills to play a role.” HE​ ​Noura​ ​Al​ ​KaabiMinister of State for Federal National Council Affairs of the United Arab Emirates and Chairwoman of the Media Zone Authority-Abu Dhabi and twofour54, needs little introduction.

As one of the most prominent female powerhouses in the UAE, the Emirati, in 2014, was also named as one of Forbes Middle East’s 30 Most Influential Women in Government; and was awarded Business Woman of the Year at the Gulf Business Industry Awards while she has also held many other titles including board member of the National Media Council, Abu Dhabi Media, Image Nation and the United Arab Emirates University (UAEU).

It is the latter where HE Al​ ​Kaabi decided to choose to begin her higher education - and she credits the university for helping her cement the prolific career she enjoys today.

"When​ ​deciding​ ​the​ ​academic​ ​path​ ​I​ ​wanted​ ​to​ ​pursue,​ ​there​ ​were​ ​a​ ​variety​ ​of​ ​options​ ​in the​ ​UAE -​ however,​ ​UAEU​ ​was​ ​one​ ​of​ ​the​ ​few​ ​institutions​ ​that​ ​offered​ ​a​ ​programme combining​ ​two​ ​of​ ​my​ ​interests​ ​at​ ​the​ ​time:​ ​management​ ​and​ ​understanding​ ​data,” she explained. "​​This​ ​is why​ ​I​ ​chose​ ​the​ ​Management​ ​Information​ ​Systems​ ​(MIS)​ ​degree​ ​as​ ​it​ ​appealed​ ​to​ ​me the​ ​most.

HE Al​ ​Kaabi said reflecting on her time at UAEU, there were many highlights during her time of studying at the number one-ranking university in the UAE. "There​ ​were​ ​a​ ​number​ ​of​ ​stand-out​ ​moments​ ​for​ ​me​ ​at​ ​UAEU,​ ​but​ ​the​ ​ones​ ​I​ ​really remember​ ​are​ ​interacting​ ​with​ ​classmates​ ​and​ ​professors​ ​during​ ​and​ ​outside​ ​of​ ​class.,” she says.

"​I enjoyed​ ​getting​ ​to​ ​know​ ​everyone​ ​and​ ​learning​ ​about​ ​them,​ ​as​ ​well​ ​as​ ​working​ ​with them​ ​on​ ​projects​ ​and​ ​reports.​ ​ "My​ ​time​ ​at​ ​UAEU​ ​helped​ ​me​ ​prepare​ ​for​ ​my​ ​work​ ​now, where​ ​I​ ​am​ ​constantly​ ​interacting​ ​with​ ​new​ ​people.

​I learned​ ​many​ ​valuable​ uni emirat arab ​from​ ​my​ ​fellow​ ​students​ ​and​ ​professors,​ ​and​ ​continue​ ​to learn​ ​from​ ​people​ ​I​ ​meet​ ​today.​ ​This​ ​is​ ​something​ ​I​ ​find​ ​important​ ​and​ ​necessary.” HE Al​ ​Kaabi said her time at the university helped her learn two vital skills;​ ​how​ ​to​ ​both​ ​communicate​ ​effectively​ ​and research​ ​well.​ ​"I​ ​gained​ ​the​ ​knowledge​ ​and​ ​skills​ ​needed​ ​to​ ​pursue​ ​my​ ​roles​ ​through interaction​ ​with​ ​classmates​ ​and​ ​professors.,” she says.

"​When​ ​I​ ​worked​ ​on​ ​practical​ ​projects,​ ​I​ ​was able​ ​to​ ​really​ ​hone​ ​my​ ​managerial​ ​and​ ​organizational​ ​skills.” "I​ ​learned​ ​what​ ​worked​ ​well with​ ​people​ ​and​ ​what​ ​didn’t,​ ​how​ ​to​ ​communicate​ uni emirat arab ​concerns​ ​and​ ​feedback​ ​properly and​ ​how​ ​to​ ​motivate​ uni emirat arab ​myself​ ​and​ ​a​ ​team.

The​ ​programme​ ​helped​ ​me​ ​realise​ ​my aspirations​ ​to​ ​become​ ​a​ ​leader​ ​and​ ​thrive​ ​when​ ​faced​ ​with​ ​challenges​ ​in​ ​life​ ​and​ ​work.” Since leaving the UAEU, HE Al​ ​Kaabi has worked in a variety of roles, starting ​in​ uni emirat arab IT​ ​department​ ​of​ ​Zayed​ ​Military​ ​Hospital.​ ​"In​ ​this​ ​position,​ ​I​ ​was​ ​able​ ​to​ ​practically​ ​use​ ​all I​ ​learned​ ​during​ ​the​ ​course​ ​of​ ​my​ ​degree,” she says.

"​It​ ​was​ ​an​ ​insightful​ ​experience​ ​as​ ​I​ ​was involved​ ​with​ ​the​ ​hospital’s​ ​information​ ​management​ ​system​ ​and​ ​I​ ​would​ ​also​ ​deal​ ​with staff,​ ​doctors,​ ​and​ ​military​ ​decision-makers.” After​ ​working​ ​in​ ​the​ ​hospital​ ​for​ ​three​ ​years,​ ​HE Al​ ​Kaabi decided​ ​to​ ​undergo​ ​a​ ​shift​ ​in​ ​her​ ​career​ ​by joining​ Abu Dhabi gas company ​Dolphin​ ​Energy​ ​as​ ​part​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Human​ ​Resources​ ​Department.​ "I​ ​was​ ​mainly responsible​ ​for​ ​Training​ ​and​ ​Development,” she says.

"​I​ ​spent​ ​four​ ​years​ ​developing​ ​my​ ​skills​ ​in​ ​terms of​ ​HR​ ​policies​ ​and​ ​career​ ​progress​ ​plans​ ​for​ ​employees." In​ ​2007,​ ​HE Al​ ​Kaabi once again decided to change her career course by helping to find the media free zone twofour54 Abu Dhabi to​ ​help​ ​the​ ​creative​ ​economy​ ​scene​ ​in​ ​the emirate. "I was​ ​the​ ​first​ ​employee​ ​and​ ​would​ ​eventually​ ​be​ ​joined​ ​by​ ​30​ ​more​ ​people​ ​who​ ​would bring​ ​twofour54​ ​to​ ​life,” she says.

"This​ ​was​ ​a​ ​particularly​ ​steep​ ​learning​ ​curve​ ​for​ ​me.​ ​From engaging​ ​community​ ​members​ ​about​ ​the​ ​sector​ ​and​ ​setting​ ​up​ ​creative​ ​labs,​ ​to​ ​being on​ ​set​ ​for​ ​“Star​ ​Wars:​ ​The​ ​Force​ ​Awakens”​ ​in​ ​the​ ​middle​ ​of​ ​Abu​ ​Dhabi’s​ ​desert,​ ​it​ ​has been​ ​a​ ​worthwhile​ accomplishment​ ​to​ ​see​ ​how​ ​far​ ​I​ ​have​ ​come.​ ​Working​ ​from​ ​scratch and​ ​building​ ​up​ ​a​ ​new​ ​sector​ ​in​ ​Abu​ ​Dhabi​ ​shaped​ ​who​ ​I​ ​am​ ​and​ ​the​ ​path​ ​of​ ​my​ ​career.” "Now,​ ​I​ ​will​ ​continue​ ​learning​ ​and​ ​giving​ ​back​ ​to​ ​the​ ​community​ ​through​ ​my​ ​role as​ ​Minister​ ​of​ ​State​ ​for​ ​Federal​ ​National​ ​Council​ ​Affairs​ ​where​ ​I​ ​aim​ ​to​ ​further​ ​my mission​ ​of​ ​empowering​ ​women​ ​and​ ​the​ ​youth." For all her accomplishments, HE Al​ ​Kaabi said her biggest career highlight to date would be her appointment​ ​as​ ​part​ ​of​ ​the​ ​federal​ ​government​ ​to​ ​represent​ ​a ministry​ ​that​ ​improves​ ​the​ ​political​ ​scene​ ​in​ ​the​ ​UAE.​ ​"Given​ ​the​ ​current​ ​tumultuous regional​ ​challenges,​ ​this​ ​position​ ​is​ ​crucial​ ​to​ ​me,” she says.

“Of​ ​course,​ ​this​ ​achievement​ ​comes with​ ​the​ ​support​ ​of​ ​great​ ​leadership,​ ​trust,​ ​and​ ​the​ ​talented​ ​team​ ​surrounding​ ​me.” While HE Al​ ​Kaabi says she draws her​ uni emirat arab ​in​ ​many​ ​forms, she chiefly get​s ​inspired​ ​from​ ​daily​ ​encounters​ ​with other​ ​people,​ ​from​ ​the​ ​books​ uni emirat arab ​reads,​ ​and​ ​the​ ​art​ ​she​ ​sees.​ "​However,​ ​when​ ​it​ ​comes​ ​to​ ​my career​ ​and​ ​nation-building,​ ​my​ ​biggest​ ​inspiration​ ​is​ ​undoubtedly​ ​our​ ​founding​ ​father​ ​HH Uni emirat arab ​Zayed,” she added.

As she reflects back on her time at UAEU, she has a message for present-day students. "The​ ​world​ ​may​ ​be​ ​filled​ ​with​ ​opportunities,” she says.

"​​But,​ ​they​ ​only​ ​appear​ ​with​ ​hard​ ​work, dedication and, most​ ​of​ ​all,​ ​passion.​ ​"Use​ ​your​ ​youth​ ​to​ ​explore​ ​your​ ​curiosities,​ ​your interests.​ ​Don't​ ​settle​ ​for​ ​what​ ​comes​ ​easy.​ ​This​ ​path​ ​is​ ​more​ ​difficult,​ ​but,​ ​life​ ​is​ ​a marathon,​ ​not​ ​a​ ​sprint.​ ​"The​ ​more​ ​you​ ​enjoy​ ​what​ ​you​ ​do​ ​the​ ​more​ ​you'll​ ​be​ ​able​ ​to contribute​ ​to​ the ​community​ ​and​ ​society.​ ​Your​ ​ambition​ ​should​ ​go​ ​beyond​ ​yourself​ ​-​ ​there​ ​is no​ ​limit​ ​-​ ​but,​ ​it​ ​starts​ ​here,​ ​today." Dr Mohammed Sulaiman Mohammed Al Hammadi is part of an elite team upholding the laws of the UAE and protecting the rights of its people - and as he carries out his work with pride, he is quick to salute the role that United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) has played in his legal life.

As an advisor and Chief Prosecutor for the Attorney General’s Technical Office - International Judicial Cooperation Unit at Dubai Uni emirat arab Prosecution, Dr Al Hammadi holds a key role in his home nation’s mission of building a fair and secure community, where freedom, justice, independence, and partnership are the watchwords.

His 17-year legal career has seen him hold many pivotal positions – in addition to his current post, he uni emirat arab been a legal lecturer and an expert specializing in international arbitration in commercial and banking disputes and international cases – and amass a portfolio of achievements.

And he credits his time at the UAE’s flagship university for steering him towards this successful career path. Having developed a keen interest in the criminal justice system and its importance in protecting human dignity and upholding human rights, Dr Al Hammadi commenced his studies at UAEU in 1995, graduating in 2000 from its Faculty of Sharia & Law. The UAE national said he chose to pursue his higher education at the longest-established - and highest-ranking - university in his home country because of its distinguished international faculty, and its local and global stature.

"I chose UAEU as it enjoys a good reputation and holds a prestigious position among many universities,” explained Dr Al Hammadi. "The reason for choosing the specialization of Sharia & Law was my personal desire and inclination, and reflected my search for excellence in the field of law.” Dr Al Hammadi retains fond memories of his time at UAEU, and describes receiving his Bachelor’s degree as one of the highlights of his life.

“The time of my graduation from the university was the happiest time,” recalled Dr Al Hammadi, who was invited by UAEU to participate in the College of Sharia & Law’s 2017 graduation ceremony as an example to students of how their education at the Al Ain institution gives them a grounding in excellence.

"I consider the UAEU's Faculty of Sharia & Law to be the source from which I gained my knowledge and understanding of the sciences of the legal system. My time at the university helped me to build my legal capability, and provided me with guidance in my future. “It helped me to determine which occupation best suits me, and that led me to my position in the Dubai Public Prosecution as a prosecutor - a position which I am very proud of.” In addition to his Bachelor’s Degree from UAEU, Dr Al Hammadi's educational achievements include a Master’s Degree in International Law from Australia's La Trobe University, a Doctorate in Philosophy in Private Law from the University of Sharjah, a Higher Diploma in Legal and Judicial Sciences, and a Diploma in Criminal Sciences from the Dubai Police Academy.

He continues to participate in many workshops, conferences, symposia, and specialized and general training courses. "I am very proud to have been a prosecutor since 2002, and the progression I have made along my career path,” he said. “This has led me to occupying my current position in the technical office of the Attorney General in the unit of International Judicial Cooperation, which is designed to look into various international requests in the field of international judicial cooperation, including extradition requests and uni emirat arab assistance requests.

“This is all thanks to the help I have received from higher leadership, my directors, and my colleagues, and their trust they have placed in me, as well as my own efforts. That is what I consider to be my biggest achievement. As an alumnus of UAEU, Dr Al Hammadi maintains a strong relationship and association with the university that has played such a key role in his life to this day.

And he has advice, and a message, for its current students. “Always have faith in Allah, trust yourself, and trust others,” he says.

“This is the biggest incentive and motivation for you to achieve what you seek, and what is sought from you. "Whoever strives for the top, desires excellence, and seeks success has to work hard.

They will only achieve their goals through perseverance and tireless effort.” When he walked through the doors of United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) in 1996, Dr. Amer Sharif never realised he would continue his studies at the flagship institution for two decades - from Bachelor of Medicine student to a PhD graduate - all the while helping put his country on the map for healthcare. Currently holding down two roles as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Dubai Healthcare City Authority – Education Sector (DHCE) and the Vice Chancellor of the Mohammed Bin Rashid University of Medicine and Health Sciences (MBRU), Dr Sharif is a familiar figurehead in UAE healthcare circles.

As the CEO of the education sector within the Dubai Healthcare City Authority (DHCA), which oversees the development of the Mohammed Bin Rashid University of Medicine and Health Sciences (MBRU), Dr Sharif has broadened the reach of MBRU, established in 2014 to advance individual and community healthcare status in the UAE. Beginning his studies in medicine, Dr Sharif said when it came to selecting a university in which to pursue his studies, the answer was an easy one.

“UAEU is a model organisation and it is the model university for the nation,” he said. “So it was an absolute honour just to be accepted as a medical student. I spent eight years in Al Ain and it was the best moments of my life.

"Myself and my fellow students were lucky because we were at the new faculty building for the College Of Medicine and Health Sciences - we were the first batch who used that facility.” After finishing his Medical Degree from the College of Medicine and Health Sciences (CMHS) from the University, Dr Sharif became a teaching assistant in medical education at the UAEU. “I was the first UAEU national who was a teaching assistant in medical education,” he explained, before he made the move back to the emirate of Dubai where he has since enjoyed uni emirat arab stellar career at the helm of many government healthcare departments.

But his affiliation with the UAEU continued. “I was a student of the UAEU until last year, so you can consider me a student from 1996 until 2016 when I completed my Doctorate of Philosophy (PhD) in Mapping the UAE Health System: Challenges and Recommendations from the UAE - which I started in 2010,” he said. "I was the first student to graduate from the medical school in the UAEU and to do a PhD in the medical school. I maintained a relationship with UAEU through alumni and through participating in many of the events and programmes and I was also excited to become the first general co-ordinator for alumni of the College of Medicine and Health Sciences." Dr Sharif said his long affiliation with the university is one he holds close to his heart.

“Every moment I spent at the university was a special one,” he said. “It was not just the studies but activities outside studies too. I was part of the medical students association, so we got involved in sporting and social activities.

It felt like a home away from home. It has been 20 years of exciting moments." During those 20 years, his career has flourished.

Having also completed a Master of Science (MSc) in Healthcare Management from the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland (RCSI), in 2005 Dr Sharif began working for the Dubai Health Authority, joining the office of the Assistant Director General. “It was a big learning experience for me,” said Dr Sharif, explaining he had moved from a teaching role to a more management position. “I was going into a role that helped oversee the whole (healthcare) position." Dr Sharif went onto hold many more titles at the healthcare authority, including Director of Human Resources and Director of Healthcare Operations at the DHA, while he was also involved in helping establish several key projects in the Dubai medical sector.

Ultimately, he became the CEO of the Education Sector at Dubai Health City Authority, while uni emirat arab securing the role of Vice Chancellor of the Mohammed Bin Rashid University of Medicine and Health Sciences, which he describes a “like a dream come true”.

“It has always been a dream to help create and develop a healthy workforce of the future and develop an uni emirat arab academic health system that acts as an umbrella that will network with healthcare providers, with researchers, and with healthcare professionals across the system,” he said.

“Establishing a new medical university in Dubai is something you won’t get often in your lifetime, so I think this has been the highlight of my career until now and I am very grateful to the leadership of the country and to the UAEU - who have given me all the skills and knowledge to be in this place today. If it was not for the UAEU I would not be in this place.” Given his long affiliation with the university, when asked if he had any words of wisdom for any current students, Dr Sharif said: “Know that every day is a significant learning opportunity.

Work hard, be respectfully uni emirat arab, learn from others and create connections from day one. As much as you can, collaborate with colleagues and benchmark yourself with others and learn from others.

And I think the UAEU gives a great platform to do that.” Dr Sharif credits Sheikh Zayed, the UAE’s founding father, as his main inspiration and role model throughout his successful career.

“In this country we are inspired by our rulers,” he said. “Sheikh Zayed was a very visionary person; if it was not for him and the wise leaders who came together with him to establish the country we would not be in this situation we are in today. We are leading the world today in certain areas - that is credit to the visionary leadership we are blessed to have in our country.” A chance meeting with a medical student at the United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) put Dr.

Khalid Alnaqbi on a path to a career that led him to head Abu Dhabi’s busiest department for patients suffering from inflammatory and autoimmune rheumatic diseases. Unlike many students who decided to be doctors at an early age, Dr Alnaqbi decided to train in the medical field only two years before studying at the UAE University’s College of Medicine & Health Sciences (CMHS).

"I originally wanted to be a mechanical engineer or a nuclear physicist but while I was in high school I lived in Al Ain city for a week with my friend who was a medical student at the CMHS,” he explained. "I saw what would be my future life at the university and became thrilled to walk on this pathway.” Dr Alnaqbi retains fond memories of his seven-year spell at the UAEU campus, and describes receiving his doctorate as one of the highlights of his life.

"I had a good time living the life of a medical student at the UAEU,” he recalled. "The best moment was in my seventh year when we were at the College of Medicine waiting for the results of the final exam. "The Dean came out of the meeting room and shook hands with each of us saying ‘congratulation doctor!’. “At that moment, I felt I was the king of the world! I called my mother and we both cried out of joy.” Dr Alnaqbi uni emirat arab the faculty at the UAE’s flagship university for steering him on the successful career path he has enjoyed to date.

uni emirat arab the University we had excellent professors who were role models and encouraged us to advance the wheel of knowledge by participating in research,” he explained.

"I also was moved by the passion of the professors of internal medicine.” It was his mentors at the UAEU who inspired Dr Alnaqbi to make the 11,000km one-way trip to Canada to embark on a ten-year post-graduate educational journey to further his studies and knowledge.

The doctor completed a residency training in internal medicine and rheumatology - followed by a fellowship in Spondyloarthritis - at the University of Toronto.

He also obtained Master of Clinical Epidemiology and became the only Emirati to complete the Clinician Investigator Program accredited by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons uni emirat arab Canada.

After a decade in Canada, Dr Alnaqbi decided to return to his home country to share the knowledge he had learned and began work as a Consultant Rheumatologist at Al Ain Hospital, climbing the career path to become the Head of Department and Clinical Assistant Professor. His day-to-day activities now include patient care in the clinics, infusion day care, ward consultations, teaching post-graduate trainees and administrative work.

When it comes to highlights in his career, Dr Alnaqbi has many achievements under his belt, including establishing the infrastructure for the Rheumatology department. This entailed establishing sub-specialty clinics (Early Arthritis Clinic, Connective Tissue Disease Clinic, and Uni emirat arab Clinic), establishing Infusion Day Care, developing new clinical guidelines for rheumatic diseases and policies on handling infusion drugs for health care workers (rheumatologists, nurses, pharmacists).

Dr Alnaqbi was also responsible for developing the Nursing Manual for Rheumatology Department and new patient educational pamphlets. Not only content uni emirat arab enjoying his own career success, Dr Alnaqbi is committed to passing on the beacon of knowledge to other young medical students.

“I developed undergraduate and post-graduate curricula for family residents and internal residents, obtaining mannequins uni emirat arab teaching injections for soft tissues and joints,” he explained. "Despite limited manpower, I have spent a lot of my personal time to achieve this. Now, we are currently the most productive rheumatology department in the Abu Dhabi Health Services Company (SEHA)." When it comes to those who have inspired him the most in his working career, Dr Alnaqbi looks to his own family tree as a motivational force.

"I have been inspired by my parents for their hard work and support in raising us and ensuring that we succeed in our lives,” he said. "I lost my mother recently but her inspiration has given me strength uni emirat arab overcome many life challenges." As an alumnus of UAEU, Dr Alnaqbi credits the university for playing such a key role in his life and he has advice, and a message, for its current students.

If you had to give any words of wisdom to current students at the UAEU what would it be? "Love what you do because it will self-motivate you to be better at it,” he said. "Life has many challenges, and it is up to you to decide how you react to these challenges.

"Just believe in yourself."
• [ April 6, 2022 ] Profil Negara Ukraina (Ukraine) Profil Negara • [ March 24, 2022 ] Profil Negara Jerman (Germany) Profil Negara • [ March 20, 2022 ] Negara-negara Anggota G20 (Group of Twenty) Pengetahuan Umum • [ March 11, 2022 ] Profil Negara Rusia (Russia) Uni emirat arab Negara • [ February 10, 2022 ] Profil Negara Amerika Serikat (United States of Amerika) Profil Negara Profil Negara Uni Emirat Arab ( United Arab Emirates) – Uni Emirat Arab atau sering disingkat uni emirat arab UEA adalah sebuah negara yang terletak di tenggara semenjung Arab, kawasan Timur Tengah (Asia Barat).

Uni Emirat Arab merupakan negara monarki federal yang terdiri dari tujuh emirat yang kaya akan minyak bumi. Ketujuh Emirat tersebut diantaranya adalah Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Ajman, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah dan Umm al-Qaiwain.Dalam bahasa Inggris, Uni Emirat Arab disebut dengan United Arab Emirates (UAE). Uni Emirat Arab memiliki luas wilayah sebesar 83.600km 2 dengan jumlah penduduk sebanyak 9,992,083 jiwa (2020) yang mayoritas penduduknya adalah beragama Islam (sekitar 76%).

Sebagian besar etnis Uni Emirat Arab ini adalah etnis Emirati (11,6%) dan etnis Asia Selatan seperti India, Pakistan dan Bangladesh yang berjumlah sekitar 59,4% dari keseluruhan jumlah penduduk UEA. Bahasa resmi Uni Emirat Arab adalah bahasa Arab. Berbeda dengan negara yang menganut sistem pemerintahan monarki lainnya, Kepala Negara Uni Emirat Arab dijabat oleh seorang Presiden yang dipilih oleh Majelis Tertinggi Federal ( Federal Supreme Council) setiap lima tahun.

Majelis Tertinggi Federal adalah adalah Majelis yang anggotanya berasal tujuh negara bagian (Emirat) Uni Emirat Arab. Sedangkan Kepala Pemerintahan Uni Emirat Arab adalah Perdana Menteri. Secara geografis, Uni Emirat Arab yang terletak di pesisir Teluk Persia dan Teluk Oman ini berbatasan dengan Arab Saudi dan Oman. Letaknya yang strategis ini menjadikan Uni Emirat Arab sebagai tempat persinggahan ekspor dan impor minyak dunia.

Uni Emirat Arab juga merupakan salah satu negara penghasil dan pengekspor minyak uni emirat arab di dunia. UEA mengekspor minyak bumi sebanyak 2,637 juta bbl/hari. Sedangkan jumlah produksi minyak buminya mencapai 2,82 juta bbl/hari. Baca juga : 10 Negara Penghasil Minyak Terbesar di Dunia. Di Hubungan Luar Negeri, Uni Emirat Arab merupakan anggota PBB dan lembaga-lembaga yang berada dibawah PBB. Uni Emirat Arab juga merupakan anggota dari OKI (Organisasi Kerjasama Islam) dan Organisasi Negara-negara Pengekspor minyak (OPEC).

Profil Negara Uni Emirat Arab ( United Arab Emirates) Berikut ini adalah Profil Negara Uni Emirat Arab (United Arab Emirates) : • Nama Lengkap : Uni Emirat Arab (United Arab Emirates) • Nama Lokal : Al Imarat al Arabiyah al Muttahidah • Bentuk Pemerintahan : Federal Monarki • Kepala Negara : Presiden KHALIFA bin Zayid Al-Nuhayyan (sejak 3 November 2004) • Kepala Pemerintahan : Perdana Menteri MUHAMMAD BIN RASHID Al-Maktum (sejak 5 Januari 2006) • Ibukota : Abu Dhabi • Luas Wilayah : 83.600km 2 • Jumlah Penduduk : 9,992,083 jiwa (2020) • Pertumbuhan Penduduk : 1,49% (2020) • Angka Kelahiran : 9,5 bayi per 1000 penduduk (2020) • Etnis : Etnis Emirati (11,6%) dan etnis Asia Selatan seperti India, Pakistan dan Bangladesh 59,4% • Bahasa Resmi : Bahasa Arab • Agama : Islam 76%, Kristen 9%, agama lainnya 15% • Mata Uang : Dirham UEA • Hari Kemerdekaan : 2 Desember 1971 (dari Inggris) • Hari Nasional : 2 Desember 1971 (Hari Kemerdekaan) • Lagu Kebangsaan : “Nashid al-watani al-imarati” (National Anthem of the UAE) • Kode Domain Internet : .ae • Kode Telepon : 971 • Pendapatan Domestik Bruto : US$ 696 uni emirat arab (2017) • Pendapatan Per Kapita : US$ 68.600,- (2017) • Lokasi : Asia Barat (Timur Tengah) Lambang Negara dan Bendera Uni Emirat Arab Pembagian Wilayah Administratif Uni Emirat Arab Secara Administratif, Uni Emirat Arab terbagi atas 7 negara bagian yang disebut dengan Emirat.

Berikut ini adalah daftar 7 Emirat dan ibukotanya.

uni emirat arab

No. Nama Emirat Ibukota 1 Abu Dhabi Abu Dhabi 2 Ajman Ajman 3 Dubai Dubai 4 Fujairah Fujairah 5 Ras al-Khaimah Ras al-Khaimah 6 Sharjah Sharjah 7 Umm al-Quwain Umm al-Qaiwain Sumber referensi : CIA World Factbook.
Uni Émirat Arab ( UAE; Arab: الإمارات العربية المتحدة‎ al-ʾImārāt al-ʿArabīyah al-Muttaḥidah), ketah kauningin dados Émirat ( Arab: الإمارات‎ al-ʾImārāt), silih tunggil negara ring Asia Kawan sané magenah ring ujung kangin Samenanjung Arab.

Mawatesan sareng Oman miwah Arab Saudi, taler mawatesan segara ring Celukan Persia sareng Qatar miwah Iran. [1] [2] Pustaka [ uah - uah wit ] • ↑ nationsonline.org, klaus kästle. "Map of United Arab Emirates - Nations Online Project". Nations Online Project (ring Inggris).

Kaakses 2021-07-08. • ↑ nationsonline.org, klaus kästle-; nationsonline.org, klaus kästle. "Map of the Persian Gulf". Nations Online Project (ring Inggris). Kaakses 2021-07-08. • Acèh • Адыгабзэ • Afrikaans • Alemannisch • አማርኛ • Pangcah • Aragonés • Ænglisc • العربية • ܐܪܡܝܐ • الدارجة • مصرى • অসমীয়া • Asturianu • Авар • अवधी • Azərbaycanca • تۆرکجه • Башҡортса • Boarisch • Žemaitėška • Bikol Central • Беларуская • Беларуская (тарашкевіца) • Български • भोजपुरी • Bislama • Banjar • বাংলা • བོད་ཡིག • বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী uni emirat arab Brezhoneg • Bosanski • ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ • Буряад • Català • Chavacano de Zamboanga • Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄ • Нохчийн • Cebuano • کوردی • Qırımtatarca • Čeština • Словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ • Cymraeg • Dansk • Deutsch • Zazaki • Dolnoserbski • डोटेली • ދިވެހިބަސް • ཇོང་ཁ • Ελληνικά • English • Esperanto • Español • Eesti • Euskara • Estremeñu • فارسی • Fulfulde • Suomi • Võro • Føroyskt • Français • Arpetan • Nordfriisk • Frysk • Gaeilge • Gagauz • Kriyòl gwiyannen • Gàidhlig • Galego • Avañe'ẽ • गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni • ગુજરાતી • Gaelg • Hausa • 客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî • Hawaiʻi • עברית • हिन्दी • Fiji Hindi • Hrvatski • Hornjoserbsce • Kreyòl ayisyen • Magyar • Հայերեն • Արեւմտահայերէն • Interlingua • Bahasa Indonesia uni emirat arab Interlingue • Ilokano • Ido • Íslenska • Italiano • 日本語 • Patois • Jawa • ქართული • Qaraqalpaqsha • Taqbaylit • Адыгэбзэ • Kabɩyɛ • Kongo • Gĩkũyũ • Қазақша • ភាសាខ្មែរ • ಕನ್ನಡ • 한국어 • Kurdî • Коми • Kernowek • Кыргызча • Latina • Lëtzebuergesch • Лакку • Лезги • Lingua Franca Nova • Limburgs • Ligure • Uni emirat arab • Lingála • Lietuvių • Latviešu • Madhurâ • मैथिली • Malagasy • Māori • Македонски • മലയാളം • Монгол • ꯃꯤꯇꯩ ꯂꯣꯟ • मराठी • Bahasa Melayu • Malti • မြန်မာဘာသာ • مازِرونی • Dorerin Naoero • Nāhuatl • Uni emirat arab • नेपाली • Nederlands • Norsk nynorsk • Norsk bokmål • Novial • Diné bizaad • Chi-Chewa • Occitan • Livvinkarjala • Oromoo • Ирон • ਪੰਜਾਬੀ • Pangasinan • Kapampangan • Papiamentu • Norfuk / Pitkern • Polski • Piemontèis • پنجابی • پښتو • Português • Runa Simi • Română • Uni emirat arab • Русский • Русиньскый • Ikinyarwanda • Саха тыла • ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ • Sardu • Sicilianu • Scots • سنڌي • Davvisámegiella • Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски • ၽႃႇသႃႇတႆး • සිංහල • Simple English • Slovenčina • Slovenščina • Gagana Samoa • Anarâškielâ • ChiShona • Soomaaliga • Shqip • Српски / srpski • SiSwati • Seeltersk • Sunda • Svenska • Kiswahili • Ślůnski • Sakizaya • தமிழ் • Tayal • తెలుగు • Tetun • Тоҷикӣ • ไทย • Türkmençe • Tagalog • Tok Pisin • Türkçe • Seediq • Татарча/tatarça • ChiTumbuka • Удмурт • ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche uni emirat arab Українська • اردو • Oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча • Vèneto • Vepsän kel’ • Tiếng Việt • Volapük • Winaray • Wolof • 吴语 • Хальмг • მარგალური • ייִדיש • Yorùbá • Vahcuengh • Zeêuws • 中文 • 文言 • Bân-lâm-gú • 粵語 Uah pranala • Kaca puniki kaping untat kauah ri tatkala 11.41, 18 Agustus 2021 • Sesuratan kasayagayang ring sor Lisénsi Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike; minab wénten awig tambehan.

Cingak Awig Panganggé indik jangkepnyané. • Awig-awig indik data praragan • Indik Wikipédia • Tulak • Cingakan sélulér • Juru nglimbakang • Statistik • Parnyataan kuki • •none
Mungkin sebagian besar dari kita sudah tidak asing dengan negara monarki bernama Uni Emirat Arab. Uni Emirat Arab sendiri merupakan negara federasi yang berasal dari tujuh emirat dengan minyak bumi sebagai andalannya, ketujuh emirat tersebut antara lain Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Ajman, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah dan Umm al-Qaiwain, bahan di sini juga menjadi tempat bangunan tertinggi di dunia, yaitu Burj Khalifa.

Karakteristik Uni Emirat Arab Uni Emirat Arab merupakan sebuah negara yang berada di Asia Barat Daya atau Timur Tengah serta dikelilingi oleh Teluk Persia dan Teluk Oman dengan luas wilayah mencapai 83.600 km persegi. Karena berbatasan dengan Teluk Oman dan Teluk Persia, negara ini memiliki garis pantai terpanjang di kawasan tenggara Semenanjung Arab yakni 644 km.

Secara astronomi Uni Emirat Arab berada di antara 22 o50 – 26 oLU dan 51 o – 56 o25 BT. Sedangkan batasan wilayahnya antara lain: • Bagian utara berbatasan: Teluk Arab, Laut Arab dan Negara Iran • Bagian selatan berbatasan: Negara Arab Saudi dan Negara Oman • Bagian timur berbatasan: Teluk Oman dan Negara Oman • Bagian barat berbatasan: Arab Saudi Kondisi alam Uni Emirat Arab termasuk unik, di bagian utara banyak ditemukan rawa-rawa dan terdapat Gunung Hajar yang menjadi titik tertinggi di Uni Emirat Arab.

Sedangkan di bagian selatan banyak ditemukan oasis kecil yang dikelilingi oleh gurun pasir dan salah satu oasis terbesar bernama Buraymi, terletak di perbatasan Oman. Di sisi timur terdapat pula pegunungan yang menjadi pembatas alami antara Uni Emirat Arab dengan negara Oman. Untuk bagian barat, kondisi alam yang berbatasan langsung dengan laut terdapat beberapa pelabuhan alami di Dibbah, Kalbah dan Fakhan. Bahkan Uni Emirat Arab mempunyai ratusan pulau kecil yang terdapat di empat emirat, antara lain: • Emirat Abu Dhabi: terdapat 200 pulau yang digunakan untuk konservasi binatang langka.

• Emirat Sharjah: Pulau Abu Al Abyadh, Pulau Das, Pulau Abu Mousa dan Sir Bu Nair. • Emirat Umm Al-Quwain: Pulau Al Jazira Al Syaniyah. • Emirat Ras Al Khaimah: Pulau Lesser Tunb, Pulau Greater Tunb, Pulau Al Hamra.

Iklim Uni Emirat Arab termasuk gersang dan panas, di kawasan pesisir kelembaban udara uni emirat arab tinggi jika dibandingkan dengan kawasan pedalaman yang kering. Sedangkan suhu udara di bagian pegunungan termasuk rendah dengan curah hujan yang tinggi jika dibandingkan dengan wilayah di sekitar, meskipun begitu rata – rata curah hujan di Uni Emirat Arab hanya sekitar 30 mm per tahun. Musim di negara ini hanya terbagi 2 jenis yakni musim panas dan musim dingin.

• Musim panas: bulan April – Sepetember (35 oC – 45 oC) dengan suhu tertinggi (47 oC – 52 oC) pada bulan Juli – Agustus. • Musim dingin: bulan November – Maret (12 oC – 26 oC) dengan suhu terendah (5 oC – 7 oC) pada bulan Januari – Februari. Penduduk Uni Emirat Arab Uni Emirat Arab memiliki jumlah penduduk sekitar 9,3 juta jiwa yang terdiri atas beragam etnis bahkan penduduk asli UEA jauh lebih sedikit dibandingkan dengan jumlah pendatang (85%) yang menetap di UEA.

Para pendatang tersebut sebagian besar berasal dari Asia Selatan sedangkan masyarakat pribumi merupakan keturunan dari Persia. Tidak heran jika tingkat migrasi negara ini cukup tinggi di dunia yakni sekitar 21,71 persen, bahkan berdasarkan hukum UEA ekspatriat dapat mengajukan diri untuk menetap selama 20 tahun di UEA dengan syarat tidak pernah terlibat tindak kriminal dan fasih berbahasa Arab. Berdasarkan data, penduduk Uni Emirat Arab terdiri atas: • Penduduk asli UEA: 19% • Bangsa Arab: 23% • Bangsa Asia Selatan: 50% • Lain – lainnya: 8% Agama Islam adalah agama terbesar di Uni Emirat Arab.

Bahkan pemerintah setempat menunjuk kepolisian untuk menjaga toleransi beragama dan tidak ikut campur dalam aktifitas keagamaan non-Muslim, hal serupa juga berlaku untuk warga non muslim untuk tidak ikut campur kepentingan agama muslim.

Untuk bahasa resmi Uni Emirat Arab yakni bahasa Arab. Namun bahasa Inggris mulai sering digunakan terutama untuk percakapan sehari – hari bahkan juga digunakan untuk melamar pekerjaan. Kekayaan Alan Dan Uni emirat arab Uni Emirat Arab Kekayaan uni emirat arab terbesar Uni Emirat Arab berupa minyak bumi yang menyumbang sekitar 3,3% minyak dunia, 90% berada di Abu Dhabi.

Selain itu sumber daya alam yang lain berasal dari gas alam, alumunium, dan sulfur. Perekonomian Uni Emirat Arab termasuk terbesar di kawasan Asia Barat, bahkan Pendapatan Domestik Bruto mencapai US$340,8 milyar di tahun 2015, hal ini tidak terlepas dari pemerintah yang telah berhasil melakukan diversifikasi beberapa sektor, namun tetap Uni Emirat Arab tetap mengandalkan minyak sebagai pendapatan utama. Di kawasan Abu Dhabi, minyak dan gas alam menjadi andalan emirat ini.

Sedangkan untuk Dubai, mereka sadar jika wilayahnya memiliki sumber daya alam yang sedikit jika dibandingkan dengan emirat lainnya, sehingga Dubai lebih berani melakukan divesifikasi untuk meningkatkan perekonomiannya. Selain minyak bumi, pariwisata menjadi andalan utama yang lain bagi Uni Emirat Arab. Tidak heran jika saat ini sudah tersedia banyak hotel paling mewah di dunia.

Selain itu, UEA juga pembangunan yang cepat, manufaktur yang berkembang dan juga peningkatan di sektor jasa juga memberikan kemajuan bagi ekonomi UEA. Fakta Menarik Uni Emirat Arab • Uni Emirat Arab termasuk negara dengan perkembangan arsitektur yang luar biasa. Bahkan pemerintah membangun negara ini menjadi paling modern, infrastruktur terlengkap, hingga layanan kesehatan yang terbaik. • Dubai berada di posisi ketiga sebagai kota dengan gedung pencakar langit terbanyak di dunia.

• Dubai tidak memiliki sistem alamat, kode pos ataupun kode area. Sehingga untuk mengirim paket harus ditulis secara lengkap dan benar tentang petunjuk rumah yang dimaksud.

• Gedung tertinggi di dunia, Burj Khalifa terinspirasi dari bunga Yunani yakni Hymenollis yang memiliki arti Selaput Indah Yunani. Gedung ini dibangun oleh perusahaan Korea Selatan yakni Samsung Enginering and Construction. • Dubai membangun pulau buatan dan sangat terkenal bernama Pulau-pulau Dunia yang terletak di tengah laut.

XI JIN PING , BERKUNJUNG KE ISTANA UNI EMIRAT ARAB , DUBAI.




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